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Register of the Dmitrii Grigorevich Shcherbachev Papers, 1919-1920
29001  
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Series Description

Boxes 1-9

OFFICE FILE, 1919-1920.

Additional Note

Archive of Gen.-of-Infantry Dmitrii SHcherbachev, Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia pri Soiuznykh Pravitel'stvakh i Soiuznom Verkhovnom Komandovanii (Military Representative of Admiral Kolchak to the Allied governments in Paris). Consists of correspondence, reports, orders, newspaper clippings and other printed matter. Includes material re Russian military personnel remaining on Western Front after World War I. Deals with Russian contingents in France and Macedonia, and Russian prisoners of war in Germany, Italy and the Baltic. Describes conditions of life for Russian military personnel in internment camps, especially in France; conditions of employment; abuses by employers and camp personnel. Deals extensively with the repatriation of Russian troops, including problems of transport and destination for repatriated troops into White or Communist held territories. Also deals with the political mood of the soldiers, the effect of Bolshevik propaganda and attempts to form anti-Communist units to fight in the Civil War. Arranged numerically by file numbers. The original arrangement of this collection by the office of Gen. Dmitrii SHcherbachev and Lieut.-Gen. Nikolai Golovin has been fully preserved. However, material within each file has been described in greater detail.

Container List

 

OFFICE FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Voennoe Predstavitel'stvo, Otdel 2-oi. Includes correspondence, orders, reports and printed matter. Typescript and handwritten.
Box 1, Folder 1

File 1. Aid to Russian soldiers in France. Official correspondence of Informatsionnoe Biuro, including material from Upravlenie po Delam Voennykh i Voennoplennykh (Rear-Admiral Sergei Poguliaev), Comite Central des Societes de Bienfaisances Russes en France, and other organizations

Folder 2-3

File 2. Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia pri Soiuznykh Pravitel'stvakh i Soiuznom Verkhovnom Komandovanii. Orders, 1919-1920. Typescript

Folder 4-7

File 3. Repatriation of Russian prisoners of war from Germany. Includes material of Rossiiskaia Missiia v Gaage, Mezhdusoiuznaia Komissiia v Berline dlia vodvoreniia na rodinu russkikh voennoplennykh, International Red Cross, and Y.M.C.A.

Folder 8-12

File 4. Transfer of Russian military personnel to the Armies of the North-West and North, including Arkhangel'sk

Folder 13-15

File 5. Russian emigre press and supply of reading material to military personnel abroad. Includes material re Turgenevskaia Obshchestvennaia Biblioteka, Y.M.C.A. (Les Foyers du Soldat), the French Foreign Legion. Also includes material re newspapers Obshchee Delo, (Vladimir Burtsev), Russkii Soldat-Grazhdanin vo Frantsii, Russkoe Delo, Rus' and Obshchee Delo

Folder 16

File 6. Medical and sanitary condition of Russian troops and military personnel. Includes material of Rossiiskoe Obshchestvo Krasnago Kresta, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave and Gouvernement du Kouban

Box 2, Folder 1-4

File 7. Transfer of Russian military personnel to White Armies. Includes material of the Conference Politique Russe, Section Speciale Militaire et des Prisonniers de Guerre and Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Folder 5

File 8. Russian invalids and wounded military. Includes material of Sovet Russkago Natsional'nago i Demokraticheskago Bloka, Russkaia Voennaia Missiia v Berline, Rossiiskoe Obshchestvo Krasnago Kresta and Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Folder 6-10

File 9. Situation of Russian military personnel and former prisoners of war interned and at forced labor in France. Reports problems of inadequate supply, poor sanitary conditions, accidental death and resulting disorders in the camps. Also deals with problem of repatriation. Includes material of Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave, Rossiiskoe Obshchestvo Krasnago Kresta, Upravlenie po Delam o Voennykh i Voennoplennykh, Y.M.C.A., American Red Cross

Folder 11

File 10. Il'ia Orelovich and the transfer of Galician monies held by the Czech government to TSentr Ob"edinennykh Sibirskikh Obshchestvennykh Organizatsii for repatriation of Siberian troops

Folder 12

File 11. Military situation of White Armies. Reports especially generated by Omsk

Folder 13-14

File 12. Soviet, French and Danish press, excerpts; Union , Bulletin No. 6 and Bulletin of the Russian Liberation Committee, No. 15; resolution of Russkii Natsional'nyi Komitet; speech given by Prince N. L'vov at opening of Sovet Gosudarstvennago Ob"edineniia

Folder 15-17

File 13. Supply and financial matters related to repatriation of Russian troops. Includes compensation schedule for Russian officers on active duty; supply of uniforms; property lists of Russian military units in France, including libraries

Folder 18

File 14. Russian military personnel requesting or assigned to service in Siberian Army. Includes material of Upravlenie po Delam o Voennykh i Voennoplennykh and Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Box 3, Folder 1

File 15. Employment of Russian military personnel and former prisoners of war by the French government and private enterprise, especially mines

Folder 2-3

File 16. Classified secret. Recruitment of Russian military personnel and former prisoners of war in Czechoslovakia for transfer to White Armies. Includes reports re condition of soldiers and other material of Predstavitel'stvo Russkoi Dobrovol'cheskoi Armii pri CHekho-slovatskoi Respublike and Maj.-Gen. Leontiev

Folder 4-5

File 17. Classified secret. Recruitment of Russian prisoners of war in Germany for Army of the North-West; demobilization of Gen. Nikolai IUdenich's Army interned in Estonia and Gen. Bermondt's Army interned in Germany; negotiations for safe-passage and asylum with French, Polish, Czech and other governments

Folder 6-10

File 18. Classified secret. Situation of Russian officers abroad including employment, official documentation and missing persons. Includes clippings from Golos Rodiny and material of Upravlenie po Delam o Voennykh i Voennoplennykh and Nachal'nik Otdela ob Ofitserakh (Col. L. Ducimitiere), Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Folder 11-17

File 19. Classified secret. Repatriation of Russian prisoners of war: their relationship to White Armies and possible effect on Civil War; negotiations with Polish, Czech and Romanian governments for right of passage; repatriation of former Russian prisoners of war from Balkans through Romania (especially camp at Tulcea); repatriation of Ukrainians, Armenians, Georgians and other minorities; problems of transport and destination of Russian prisoners of war from Germany, including Soviet and Ukrainian territory; conditions in Russian prisoner of war camps in Germany. Includes correspondence of Omsk government, Upravlenie po Delam o Voennykh i Voennoplennykh, Russkaia Voennaia Missiia v Berline, International Red Cross, Commandement en Chef des Armees Alliees, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Folder 18-19

File 20. Classified secret. Situation of Russian officers in Malta, Egypt, Poland (Povonsky Camp, Warsaw) and France; transfer of officers to Siberia; report of French military re air forces of Kolchak's Army and Army of the North-West

Folder 20-23

File 21. Classified secret. Russian officers in France: aid to individuals; personal documentation and travel arrangements; missing persons. Includes material of Upravlenie po Delam o Voennykh i Voennoplennykh and Nachal'nik Otdela ob Ofitserakh, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Box 4, Folder 1-6

File 22. Classified secret. Situation of Russian officers: personnel problems; financial irregularities; criminal cases; Bolshevik sympathizers in prisoner of war camps; transfer to various White Armies. Includes material from France, Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands

Folder 7

File 23. Transport of Russian officers and soldiers to Siberia via Vladivostok aboard Steamer "Mogilev". Includes correspondence of Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave and Base Russe Laval

Folder 8

File 24. Individual cases of demobilization or reassignment of Russian officers who had served in the French Army and Air Force. Includes correspondence of Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave and Base Russe Laval

Folder 9-12

File 25. Same as above

Folder 13-14

File 26. Transfer of Russian officers to Armies of the North-West

Folder 15-16

File 27. Classified secret. Problems connected with the demobilization and repatriation of Russian troops in France and other West European countries; transfer of officers to Gen. Nikolai IUdenich's army; instructions to Russian officers re care of soldiers, including political attitudes to be encouraged; mood and condition of former prisoners of war; reaction of French authorities to problems of prisoners of war; evacuation of Siberian troops. Reports and policy papers mostly of Rear-Admiral Sergei Poguliaev

Box 5, Folder 1-2

File 28. Classified secret. Registration and mobilization of officers; official orders, (including one placed in Zaria Rossii, Sept. 27, 1919). Includes material of Rossiiskoe Posol'stvo v Londone, M.I.D., Rossiiskoe Posol'stvo v Parizhe, Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia

Folder 3-6

File 29. Classified secret. Mobilization and repatriation of officers (mostly France, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Poland): foreign volunteers; repatriation of Cossacks; creation of new anti-Bolshevik military formations in the West; supply

Folder 7-11

File 30. Classified secret. Transfer of military personnel from France to South Russian Front; request forms of soldiers and officers volunteering for service; lists of volunteers, including biographical information; supply of military uniforms. Includes material of Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave, Base Russe Laval, Upravlenie po Delam Voennykh i Voennoplennykh

Folder 12-15

File 31. Classified secret. Russian prisoners of war in Germany; situation of military refugees from Kiev; transfer of military personnel to White armies. Includes correspondence with Russian representatives and offices in Germany, Russkaia Delegatsiia po delam voennoplennykh i bezhentsev v Germanii, Russkaia Voennaia Missiia v Berline (Lieut.-Gen. Monkevits), Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia pri Soiuznykh Pravitel'stvakh i Komandovanii, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Folder 16-18

File 32. Classified secret. Transfer and transportation of volunteers to White Armies. Mostly telegrams

Folder 19-22

File 33. Classified secret. Transfer and transport of officers to White armies, especially Army of the North-West and Siberia from or through Great Britain; situation in Newmarket Camp. Includes lists of military personnel and correspondence with Voennyi Agent v Velikobritanii

Box 6, Folder 1

File 34. Classified secret. Transfer of Russian military personnel in Sweden and Norway to White Armies. Includes lists of military personnel and correspondence with Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v SHvetsii i Norvegii (Col. Kandaurov)

Folder 2-3

File 35. Classified secret. Transfer of Russian military personnel in Denmark to White Armies. Includes reports re Russian prisoners of war in Germany, lists of military personnel and correspondence with Voennyi Agent v Danii (Maj.-Gen. Pototskii)

Folder 4-8

File 36. Classified secret. Transfer of Russian military personnel in Italy to White Armies. Includes lists of officers destined for Russian prisoner of war camp on Island of Asinara and correspondence with Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Italii (Col. Prince Volkonskii)

Folder 9-11

File 37. Classified secret. Situation of Russian military personnel and refugees in Belgium, Switzerland and Serbia; foreign volunteers; individual cases; transfer of military personnel to White Armies; conditions of travel. Includes material of Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Bel'gii, Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v SHveitsarii, Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Korolevstve Serbov, KHorvatov i Sloventsev, Russkoe Blagotvoritel'noe Obshchestvo v Varshave

Folder 12-16

File 38. Classified secret. Promotions and decorations for military personnel including clergy and medical staff serving on the Western Front and Macedonia. Includes military service records

Box 7, Folder 1-4

File 38. Same as above

Folder 5-9

File 39. Negotiations of Sibirskii Voennyi Komissariat pri Ukrainskom Pravitel'stve re Siberian military property in the Ukraine; formation of Sibirskii Ofitserskii Dobrovol'cheskii Otriad. Includes orders and instructions to Siberian military personnel in transit to Siberia through Kiev and correspondence of Voennyi Komissar Sibirskago Oblastnogo Pravitel'stva pri Ukrainskoi Derzhave (Col. Schwamberg)

Folder 10

File 40. Russian prisoners of war who escaped from Germany to Holland. Report of Russkii Komitet po delam bezhavshikh iz plena voinskikh chinov

Folder 11

File 41. Statistical information re numbers and location of Russian military personnel, including members of the Russian Expeditionary Force (Base Laval), former German prisoners of war and others; lists of personnel of Russian government agencies

Folder 12-16

File 42. Classified secret. Promotions awarded to military personnel by Russian military administration and awards granted to Russians and foreigners for special services. Includes material of Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia, Upravlenie po Delam o Voennyh i Voennoplennykh, Ministerstvo Inostrannykh Del, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave, Base Russe Laval

Folder 17

File 43. Classified secret. President of the Interallied Commission at Berlin for Repatriating Russian Prisoners of War. Instructions in English and Russian

Box 8, Folder 1-2

File 44. Classified secret. Russian prisoners of war in Italy interned on Island of Asinara (includes clippings and quotes from Italian press); Carpatho-Russian prisoners of war interned in Italy; Carpatho-Russian movement for independence and unification with Russia, negotiations with White Armies. Includes correspondence of Carpatho-Russian representative Dr. D. A. Markov

Folder 3-4

File 45. Classified secret. Repatriation of Russian military personnel hospitalized in Montana, Switzerland; agreement between Swiss and Soviet governments re repatriation of Swiss citizens; receipt of aid from American Y.M.C.A.; Russian prisoners of war in Germany; recruitment of Bielorussians; miscellaneous material re fleet in St. Petersburg and Kronstadt. Includes correspondence of Voennyi Agent v SHveitsarii, Russkaia Voennaia Missiia v Berline, Rossiiskoe Obshchestvo Krasnago Kresta

Folder 5

File 46. Classified secret. Verkhovnyi Pravitel', Omsk. Miscellaneous material including orders and instructions to administrators abroad

Folder 6-7

File 47. Soldiers demobilized from Russkii Legion; their legal status in relation to French and Russian authorities; their employment as agricultural laborers in France. Includes material of Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia, Rossiiskoe Obshchestvo Krasnago Kresta, Rossiiskoe Konsul'stvo v Bordo, Consulat de la Russie a Lyon, Prefecture de la Gironde, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave, Ministere de l'Agriculture, Base Russe Laval

Folder 8-11

File 48. Classified secret. Repatriation of Russian military personnel from France, Algeria and Salonika , (includes lists of ships and numbers of repatriates aboard); problem of repatriation to Black Sea ports and its effect on Civil War; problems of transport of sick and invalid soldiers; repatriation of Armenians. Includes material of Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia, Rossiiskii Torgovyi Flot, Republique Amenienne (Delegation), Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave, Base Russe Laval

Folder 12-14

File 49. Classified secret. Russian military personnel at group labor in France; condition of work in agriculture and industrial enterprises (including lists of work companies); problems of medical aid for Russian military personnel in work camps and those to be repatriated. Includes material of Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia, Rossiiskii Krasnyi Krest, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave

Folder 15-17

File 50. Classified secret. Situation of Russian military personnel in Algeria and Salonika; establishment of transit camp at Salonika for repariation of Russian military personnel; establishment of hospital in Salonika; donations of humanitarian aid; negotiations with French authorities re erection of monument to commemorate fallen Russian soldiers in Algeria; abuse of Russian soldiers by French authorities. Includes material of Rossiiskoe Konsul'stvo v Alzhire, Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Gretsii, Rossiiskoe Obshchestvo Krasnago Kresta, Voennyi Predestavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia, Upravlenie po Delam Voennykh i Voennlennykh, Ministere de la Guerre, Bureau Slave, Bloc National et Democratique Russe des Organizations Politiques a l'Etranger

Folder 18

File 51. Classified secret. Repatriation of Russian military personnel from Salonika and Malta. Includes material of Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Italii, Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Gretsii

Folder 19-20

File 52. British volunteers desiring to serve in White Armies. Includes material of Voennyi Agent v Velikobritanii

Folder 21

File 53. Russian military personnel in the United States. Individual case files and official lists. Includes material of Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Soedinennykh SHtatakh Ameriki and Upravlenie po Delam Voennykh i Voennoplennykh

Folder 22

File 54. Russian military personnel in Belgium and the Netherlands. Individual case files and official lists. Includes material of Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Bel'gii i Niderlandakh and Upravlenie po Delam Voennykh i Voennoplennykh

Box 9, Folder 1-3

File 55. Situation of Russian military personnel in Great Britain; administrative matters of military agency including salaries; transfer of officers to White Armies (includes lists of officers aboard); awards and decorations to British subjects; Newmarket Camp. Includes printed leaflet announcing Gen. Petr Vrangel's appointment as Commander-in-Chief and material of Rossiiskii Voennyi Agent v Velikobritanii (Lieut.-Gen. Ermolov), Upravlenie Rossiiskim Torgovym Flotom

Folder 4-5

File 56. Supply and personnel matters related to the Army of the North. Includes correspondence of Lieut.-Gen. Evgenii Miller

Folder 6

File 57. Russian volunteers offering to enlist in Volunteer Army of the south. Personal correspondence

Folder 7-8

File 58. Classified secret. Recruitment of personnel for the Army of the North. Includes correspondence with Lieut.-Gen. Nikolai IUdenich

Folder 9

File 59. Russian military property at Base Russe Laval; formation of Czech army. Miscellaneous sources

Folder 10

File 60. Russian military personnel requesting repatriation or permission to remain in France. Individual handwritten requests

Folder 11-16

File 61. Classified secret. Russian military personnel in Italy; conditions at Asinara Camp; problems of repatriation and transport; situation of Carpatho-Russian soldiers (includes soldiers' letters). Includes death certificates of Russian soldiers and material of Voennyi Agent v Italii, Rossiiskoe Posol'stvo v Rime, Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia, Upravlenie po Delam o Voennykh i Voennoplennykh, Ministero de la Guerra, clippings and excerpts from Italian newspapers

Folder 17-18

File 62. Classified secret. Carpatho-Russian, Galician and Ukrainian prisoners of war in Italian and Czechoslovak camps; creation of military formations from these groups; repatriation. Includes material of Comite Militaire Allie de Versailles, Voennyi Predstavitel' Verkhovnago Pravitelia, Voennyi Agent v Italii, Upravlenie po Delam o Voennykh i Voennoplennykh, Russkii Narodnyi Sovet Prikarpatskoi Rusi, Comite Carpatho-Russe (Dmitrii Markov)

Folder 19

File 63. Classified secret. Correspondence with Supreme Commander, Omsk. Includes transcripts of telegrams

Folder 20

File 64. Classified secret. Libavskii Dobrovol'cheskii Strelkovyi Otriad Kniazia Livena. Includes material of Voennaia Missiia v Berline, Prince Lieven