Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
INVENTORY OF THE ACHAC COLLECTION, 1880-ca. 1975
970031  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (334.01 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
 
 
Table of contents What's This?

Container List

 

Series I.  Postcards, ca. 1900-ca. 1957

Physical Description: 2,291 postcards

Scope and Content Note

Series I contains a wide range of images of people, places, events and activities pertaining to the former French colonies of Africa, to the French military, and to the colonial expositions held in France. The series features postcards from a multitude of publishers, based in cities throughout France and its colonies; most predominantly represented are Editions artistiques ADIA, Nice; Braun et compagnie, Paris; CAP (Compagnie alsacienne des arts photomécaniques), Strasbourg; La Cigogne, Algiers and Casablanca; CIM (Combier imprimeur Mâcon); Collection idéale PS; Flandrin, Casablanca; Fortier, Dakar; J. [Jean] Geiser, Algiers; Edition Jomone, Algiers; LL (Lévy, fils et compagnie), Paris ; ND (Neurdein frères), Paris; and Lévy et Neurdein réunis, Paris. Many of the postcards have been used for correspondence, almost universally in French, at times with insights into the subjects depicted on the postcards as well as into the lives of colonists. Cross-reference cards have been included at the ends of certain files, to assist the researcher in locating related images.

Arrangement

The series is arranged into nine subseries: Series I.A. Geographic divisions: Cities and sites; Series I.B. Geographic divisions: North Africa; Series I.C. Geographic divisions: Subsaharan Africa; Series I.D. Geographic divisions: Other; Series I.E. Subject divisions: Expositions, 1900-1931; Series I.F. Subject divisions: Foodstuffs; Series I.G. Subject divisions: Military and conquest; Series I.H. Subject divisions: Occupations and People.
 

Series I.A.  Geographic divisions: Cities and sites, n.d.

Physical Description: 506 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards show the buildings, monuments, streets, landscapes and environs of the following cities and regions.

Arrangement

The postcards are arranged alphabetically, first by country and then by city or region.
Box 1, Folder 1-29

Algeria

Box 1, Folder 1

Aïn Sefra

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 2

Alger [Algiers]

Physical Description: 58 postcards
Box 1, Folder 3

Aurès Mountains

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 1, Folder 4

Biskra

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 1, Folder 5

Blida

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 1, Folder 6

Bône [Annaba]

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 1, Folder 7

Bordj-bou-Arréridj

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 8

Bou Denib

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 9

Colomb-Béchar [Bechar]

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 1, Folder 10

Constantine

Physical Description: 15 postcards
Box 1, Folder 11

Dellys

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 12

El Goléa

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 13

Hammam-R'hira

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 14

In Salah

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 15

Laghouat

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 16

Mascara

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 17

Mostaganem

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 1, Folder 18

Mustapha

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 19

Mzab (Ghardaïa, Beni Isguen)

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 1, Folder 20

Oran

Physical Description: 15 postcards
Box 1, Folder 21

Philippeville [Skikda]

Physical Description: 11 postcards
Box 1, Folder 22

Relizane

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 23

Sidi Bel Abbès

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 24

Tamanrasset

Physical Description: 1 postcards
Box 1, Folder 25

Tebessa

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 26

Tidikelt

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 27

Tijdit

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 28

Tipaza [Tipasa]

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 29

Tlemcen

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 30

Cameroun [Cameroon]

Box 1, Folder 30

Douala

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 31-32

Congo Belge [Congo (Democratic Republic)]

Box 1, Folder 31

Boma

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 32

Léopoldville [Kinshasa]

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 33-34

Congo Français [Congo (Brazzaville)]

Box 1, Folder 33

Bonga

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 34

Talagouga

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 35

Côte d'Ivoire

Box 1, Folder 35

Bingerville

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 36

Djibouti

Box 1, Folder 36

Djibouti

Physical Description: 13 postcards
Box 1, Folder 37

Ethiopia

Box 1, Folder 37-38

Dirré-Daoua [Dire Dawa]

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 1, Folder 38

Harar [Harer]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 39-42

Guinea

Box 1, Folder 39

Conakry

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 1, Folder 40

Dabola

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 41

Kindia

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 42

Toumanéa

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 43

Kenya

Box 1, Folder 43

Mombasa

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 1, Folder 44-48

Madagascar

Box 1, Folder 44

Diégo Suarez [Antsiranana]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 45

Majunga

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 46

Nossi Bé [Nosy Bé]

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 1, Folder 47

Tanambao

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 48

Tananarive [Antananarivo]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 49-52

Mali [Soudan]

Box 1, Folder 49

Bamako

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 50

Djenné

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 51

Gao

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 52

Macina

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1 , Folder 53

Mauritania

Box 1, Folder 53

Port Etienne [Nouadhibou]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 54-74

Morocco

Box 1, Folder 54

Aït Bouzid

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 55

Azemmour

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 56

Casablanca

Physical Description: 30 postcards
Box 1, Folder 57

Fez [Fès]

Physical Description: 76 postcards
Box 1, Folder 58

Figuig

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 59

High Atlas Mountains

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 60

Marrakech

Physical Description: 19 postcards

Scope and Content Note

One postcard features a foldout of Marrakech scenes.
Box 1, Folder 61

Meknès

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 62

Mogador [Essaouira]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 63

Moulay Idriss

Physical Description: 2 postcards

Scope and Content Note

The holy city of Moulay Idriss; not be confused with the shrine of Moulay Idriss, located in Fès.
Box 1, Folder 64

Oudjda [Oujda]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 65

Ouezzan

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 66

Rabat

Physical Description: 16 postcards
Box 1, Folder 67

Safi

Physical Description: 3 postcards

Scope and Content Note

Contains panorama views of the Moussem festival.
Box 1, Folder 68

Salé

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 1, Folder 69

Tanger [Tangier]

Physical Description: 12 postcards
Box 1, Folder 70

Taourirt

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 71

Taroudant [Taroudannt]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 72

Taza

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 1, Folder 73

Teroual

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 74

Tétuan [Tétouan]

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 75-80

Senegal

Box 1, Folder 75

Dakar

Physical Description: 18 postcards
Box 1, Folder 76

Gorée

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 1, Folder 77

Nianing

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 78

Rufisque

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 1, Folder 79

Saint-Louis

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 1, Folder 80

Ziguinchor

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 1-15

Tunisia

Box 2, Folder 1

Béja [Bajah]

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 2

Bizerte

Physical Description: 14 postcards
Box 2, Folder 3

Bugeaud

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 4

El Djem [El Jem]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 5

El Kef, Le Kef

Physical Description: 12 postcards
Box 2, Folder 6

Ferryville [Manzil Bu Ruqaybah] [Menzel Bourguiba]

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 7

Gabès

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 8

Kairouan

Physical Description: 17 postcards
Box 2, Folder 9

La Goulette

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 10

Nabeul

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 11

Sakiet

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 12

Sfax [Safaqis]

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 2, Folder 13

Sousse [Susah]

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 2, Folder 14

Tindja

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 15

Tunis

Physical Description: 19 postcards
Box 2, Folder 16

Zanzibar

Box 2, Folder 16

Zanzibar

Physical Description: 1 postcard
 

Series I.B.  Geographic divisions: North Africa, n.d.

Physical Description: 172 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards show North African scenes grouped by topic, activity or material depicted, and not by place.
Box 2, Folder 17

Baptismal processions

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 18

Cemeteries

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 2, Folder 19

Cork postcards

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 2, Folder 20

Fantasia (Arab cavalcade)

Physical Description: 6 postcards

Scope and Content Note

[See also Series IV: Advertisements, Hippodrome for another view of a fantasia, and Series V, Box 5, Folder 77 for a ticket to a fantasia held during the Paris 1931 Colonial Exposition.]
Box 2, Folder 21

Feast days

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 2, Folder 22

Huts

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 2, Folder 23

Marketplaces

Physical Description: 33 postcards
Box 2, Folder 24

Marriages

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 2, Folder 25

Oases

Physical Description: 10 postcards
Box 2, Folder 26

Prayer

Physical Description: 41 postcards
Box 2, Folder 27

River scenes

Physical Description: 20 postcards
Box 2, Folder 28

Stores

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 2, Folder 29

Swings

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 2, Folder 30

Views, miscellaneous or unidentified

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 2, Folder 31

Villages

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 2, Folder 32

Wells

Physical Description: 9 postcards
 

Series I.C.  Geographic divisions: Subsaharan Africa, n.d.

Physical Description: 134 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards show Subsaharan African scenes grouped by topic, activity or material depicted, and not by place.
Box 2, Folder 33

Boats, ports & wharves

Physical Description: 26 postcards
Box 2, Folder 34

Bridges, roads & trains

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 2, Folder 35

Canoes & canoeing

Physical Description: 19 postcards
Box 2, Folder 36

Dancing

Physical Description: 11 postcards
Box 2, Folder 37

Landscapes

Physical Description: 8 postcards

Scope and Content Note

The postcards labeled Camp d'Ambre show scenes of Madagascar; the country is not identified on the cards.
Box 2, Folder 38

Marketplaces

Physical Description: 21 postcards
Box 2, Folder 39

Marriages

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 2, Folder 40

Mud architecture (Mosque)

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 41

Swings

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 42

Traditional religion

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 2, Folder 43

Villages, miscellaneous or unidentifed

Physical Description: 14 postcards
Box 2, Folder 44

Wells

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 45

Work scenes

Physical Description: 16 postcards
 

Series I.D.  Geographic divisions: Other, n.d.

Physical Description: 9 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards show views and people from locations outside Africa, namely Saint-Laurent du Maroni (French Guiana); Guadeloupe; Laos; Martinique; Réunion; Romania (showing a nun weaving); and Syria.
Box 2, Folder 46

Other locations

Physical Description: 9 postcards
 

Series I.E.  Subject divisions: Expositions, 1900-1931

Physical Description: 143 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards offer views of colonial and other expositions. Most of the cards, such as those of the Marseille and Paris Colonial expositions, concentrate on pavilions and buildings within the expositions, though some cards depict art works or feature other promotional images.
Box 2, Folder 47

Exposition universelle de Paris, 1900

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 48

Algérie-Tunisie, 1903 ( Chocolat du Négrillon)

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 2, Folder 49

Marseille, Exposition coloniale, 1906

Physical Description: 37 postcards

Scope and Content Note

Note: Some of these postcards are undated, and may in fact belong to the 1922 Marseille Exposition.
Box 2, Folder 50

Salon, 1914

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 2, Folder 51

Marseille, Exposition coloniale, 1922

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 2, Folder 52

Exposition des arts décoratifs, 1925

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 3, Folder 1

Exposition coloniale internationale, Paris, 1931

Physical Description: 92 postcards
 

Series I.F.  Subject divisions: Foodstuffs, n.d.

Physical Description: 43 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards depict the harvesting, preparation, transport and sale of various foodstuffs.
Box 3, Folder 2

Beans

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 3, Folder 3

Bread

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 3, Folder 4

Dates

Physical Description: 10 postcards
Box 3, Folder 5

Fish

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 3, Folder 6

Fruits & vegetables

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 3, Folder 7

Grain

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 3, Folder 8

Meat & cattle

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 3, Folder 9

Olives & oil

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 3, Folder 10

Salt

Physical Description: 2 postcards
 

Series I.G.  Subject divisions: Military and conquest, n.d.

Physical Description: 296 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards depict military images relating to the European conquest of and rule over the African colonies. They include images of the "Tirailleur" regiments, composed of soldiers indigenous to the colonies who were inducted into the French army, as well as colonial troops of European origin stationed in Africa. Some postcards depict the participation of the African "Tirailleur" regiments in Europe during World War I. For views of indigenous troops within French-sponsored army units, see the Tirailleurs files below. For images of traditional fighters, see People - North Africa - Warriors, or People - Subsaharan Africa - Warriors.
Box 3, Folder 11

Algeria

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 3, Folder 12

Congo Belge [Congo (Democratic Republic)]

Physical Description: 15 postcards
Box 3, Folder 13

Congo Belge [Congo (Democratic Republic)], Boma, Honor Guard, 1919

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 3, Folder 14

Congo Français [Congo (Brazzaville)]

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 3, Folder 15

Côte d'Ivoire

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 3, Folder 16

Dahomey [Benin]

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 3, Folder 17

Djibouti

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 3, Folder 18

[Ghana] Côte d'Or

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 3, Folder 19

Guinea-Bissau, 1908

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 3, Folder 20

Liberia

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 3, Folder 21

Madagascar

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 3, Folder 22

Morocco

Physical Description: 39 postcards
Box 3, Folder 23

Senegal, Dakar, 14 July Celebration, 1905

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 3, Folder 24

Tirailleurs, informal or unidentified shots

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 3, Folder 25

Tirailleurs, lithographs and offset lithographs

Physical Description: 20 postcards
Box 3, Folder 26

Tirailleurs, racist images

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 3, Folder 27

Tirailleurs, portrait shots

Physical Description: 11 postcards
Box 3, Folder 28

Tirailleurs malgaches [Malagasy troops]

Physical Description: 12 postcards
Box 3, Folder 29

Tirailleurs malgaches [Malagasy troops], families

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 3, Folder 30

Tirailleurs méharistes [Camel-back troops]

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 3, Folder 31

Tirailleurs sénégalais [Senegalese troops]

Physical Description: 17 postcards
Box 3, Folder 32

Tirailleurs sénégalais [Senegalese troops], families

Physical Description: 15 postcards
Box 3, Folder 33

Tirailleurs sénégalais [Senegalese troops], World War I 1914-1919

Physical Description: 16 postcards
Box 3, Folder 34

Troops, Barracks

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 3, Folder 35

Troops, Interracial shots

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 3, Folder 36

Troops, Memorials and flag standard

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 3, Folder 37

Troops, Musée de l'Armée [Army Museum]

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 3, Folder 38

Troupes coloniales [Colonial troops]

Physical Description: 40 postcards
Box 3, Folder 39

Troupes coloniales [Colonial troops], Departure for Morocco, ca. 1911

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 3, Folder 40

Troupes coloniales [Colonial troops], Lithographs and offset lithographs

Physical Description: 20 postcards
 

Series I.H.  Occupations and People, n.d.

Physical Description: 988 postcards

Scope and Content Note

These postcards show a range of employments and work activities. Both North Africans and Subsaharan Africans are included within these divisions. Occupations are followed by people of all races and ages present within the African colonies in the first half of the twentieth century. The depictions vary in intent from documentary, ethnographic or propagandistic to romanticized, erotic or racist. Postcards are arranged in the following groups: Occupations, North Africans, Subsaharan Africans, Europeans in Africa.
Box 3, Folder 41

Acrobats

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 3, Folder 42

Artisans

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 3, Folder 43

Barbers (for men)

Physical Description: 10 postcards
Box 3, Folder 44

Basket making & basketwork

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 3, Folder 45

Beggars

Physical Description: 10 postcards
Box 3, Folder 46

Cooking and pounding grain

Physical Description: 11 postcards
Box 3, Folder 47

Dancers

Physical Description: 31 postcards
Box 3, Folder 48

Doctors

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 3, Folder 49

Domino players

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 3, Folder 50

Falconer

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 3, Folder 51

Farming and husbandry

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 3, Folder 52

Fishermen

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 4, Folder 1

Fortune tellers

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 4, Folder 2

Furniture makers

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 4, Folder 3

Hairdressing (for women)

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 4, Folder 4

Metalworkers

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 4, Folder 5

Musicians

Physical Description: 28 postcards
Box 4, Folder 6

Porters

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 4, Folder 7

Potters and pottery

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 4, Folder 8

Screen and sieve makers

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 4, Folder 9

Shoemakers

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 4, Folder 10

Shoe shiner

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 4, Folder 11

Singers

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 4, Folder 12

Snake charmers

Physical Description: 15 postcards
Box 4, Folder 13

Storytellers

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 4, Folder 14

Washing clothes

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 4, Folder 15

Water sellers

Physical Description: 16 postcards
Box 4, Folder 16

Weavers and dyers

Physical Description: 26 postcards
Box 4, Folder 17

Wood and charcoal sellers

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 4, Folder 18

Wrestlers

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 4, Folder 19

North African boys

Physical Description: 34 postcards
Box 4, Folder 20

North African couples

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 4, Folder 21

North African families

Physical Description: 10 postcards
Box 4, Folder 22

North African girls and boys together

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 4, Folder 23

North African girls, young women

Physical Description: 38 postcards
Box 4, Folder 24

North African men

Physical Description: 54 postcards
Box 4, Folder 25

North African men at home, drinking tea or coffee

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 4, Folder 26

Missionaries in North Africa

Physical Description: 14 postcards
Box 4, Folder 27

North African nomads in tents

Physical Description: 22 postcards
Box 4, Folder 28

North African nomads with camels, in caravan

Physical Description: 51 postcards
Box 4, Folder 29

Touaregs, Targuis [Tuaregs]

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 4, Folder 30

North African warriors

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 4, Folder 31

North African women (Mauresques, Négresses, Bédouines)

Physical Description: 99 postcards
Box 4, Folder 32

North African women at home, women reclining

Physical Description: 22 postcards
Box 5, Folder 1

North African women carrying children

Physical Description: 47 postcards
Box 5, Folder 2

North African women having tea

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 5, Folder 3

North African women, nude or bare-breasted

Physical Description: 28 postcards
Box 5, Folder 4

North African women smoking

Physical Description: 14 postcards
Box 5, Folder 5

North African women, veiled

Physical Description: 35 postcards
Box 5, Folder 6

North African women with water jugs

Physical Description: 19 postcards
Box 5, Folder 7

Subsaharan African children

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 5, Folder 8

Subsaharan African children, racist kitsch

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 5, Folder 9

Subsaharan African Christians

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 5, Folder 10

Subsaharan African couples and families

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 5, Folder 11

Subsaharan African hunters

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 5, Folder 12

Subsaharan African kings and chiefs

Physical Description: 21 postcards
Box 5, Folder 13

Missionaries in Subsaharan Africa

Physical Description: 12 postcards
Box 5, Folder 14

Subsaharan Africa, unspecified

Physical Description: 7 postcards
Box 5, Folder 15

Subsaharan African warriors

Physical Description: 17 postcards
Box 5, Folder 16

[Burkina Faso] Haute Volta

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 17

Cameroun [Cameroon]

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 5, Folder 18

[Central African Republic] Oubangi Chari

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 19

[Chad] Tchad

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 5, Folder 20

Congo Belge [Congo (Democratic Republic)]

Physical Description: 8 postcards
Box 5, Folder 21

Congo Français [Congo (Brazzaville)]

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 5, Folder 22

Côte d'Ivoire

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 5, Folder 23

Djibouti

Physical Description: 12 postcards
Box 5, Folder 24

Gabon

Physical Description: 5 postcards
Box 5, Folder 25

Gambia

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 26

[ Ghana] Gold Coast

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 27

Guinée [ Guinea]

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 5, Folder 28

Kenya

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 5, Folder 29

Madagascar, Hova

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 5, Folder 30

Madagascar, Makoa

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 5, Folder 31

Madagascar, Sakalava

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 5, Folder 32

Madagascar, various ethnicities

Physical Description: 12 postcards
Box 5, Folder 33

[Mali] Soudan

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 5, Folder 34

Mauritania

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 5, Folder 35

Mozambique

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 5, Folder 36

Niger

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 37

Senegal, Bambara

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 38

Senegal, Cérères [Serer]

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 5, Folder 39

Senegal, Diola

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 5, Folder 40

Senegal, Fadiouth

Physical Description: 3 postcards
Box 5, Folder 41

Senegal, Foulah/Peulh

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 5, Folder 42

Senegal, Lahobé

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 43

Senegal, Lebou

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 5, Folder 44

Senegal, Mankaigne

Physical Description: 2 postcards
Box 5, Folder 45

Senegal, Maures

Physical Description: 4 postcards
Box 5, Folder 46

Senegal, Ouolof, Yoloff [Wolof]

Physical Description: 6 postcards
Box 5, Folder 47

Senegal, various ethnicities or unidentified

Physical Description: 9 postcards
Box 5, Folder 48

Sierra Leone

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 49

Togo

Physical Description: 1 postcard
Box 5, Folder 50

Europeans in Africa

Physical Description: 21 postcards
 

Series II.  Photographs, 1895-ca. 1962

Physical Description: 353 photographs and 14 albums

Scope and Content Note

Series II documents indigenous African people and culture, African landscapes, cities, architecture, infrastructure, industry, and colonial life as seen through the lenses of European photographers resident or travelling in French Africa. The collection includes images with ethnographic and documentary intent as well as press bureau photographs, tourist and travel snapshots, photographs of colonists with families, and pictures taken by soldiers and colonial administrators and functionaries during wartime, official duties, and social events.

Arrangement

The series is arranged into two subseries: Loose photographs, 1895-ca. 1962; and Photograph albums, 1898-1960.
 

Series II.A.  Loose photographs, 1895-ca. 1962

Physical Description: 353 photographs

Scope and Content Note

The organization of the photographs in Series II.A. mirrors the groupings in which they arrived at the repository.
Many of the loose photographs, particularly those in Box 7, folders 12-33, have copies or photographs with related subject matter included in the photograph albums, especially the Desmarais series (boxes 16-22).
Box 6, Folder 1

Schoeffler, G., Views of Gabon, 1910-1911

Physical Description: 28 photographic prints : gelatin silver, 13 x 18 cm.

Scope and Content Note

This incomplete grouping consists of nine unnumbered, undated photographs and nineteen dated photographs bearing the following numbers: 6, 8, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 20, 27, 31, 39, 61, 67, 69, 76, 79, 95, 100. Seller's inventory dates photographs as 1910-1912.
G. Schoeffler was a colonial administrator and photographer active in Gabon and the AEF (Afrique équatoriale française). The hand-captioned photographs show portraits of African men and women with their clothing and hair adornment, European administrators traveling through the colony in boat or tipoye (litter), military posts, landscapes, river scenes, canoeing, a fetish house, and a trick photograph of a European shooting at an outsized hippopotamus. Ethnic groups pictured: Pahouine, Barimeba, Dendi, Bapono, Bavili, Eschira.
Box 6, Folder 2

Military Troops, 1895-1942

Physical Description: 8 photographic prints : collodion, matte collodion, gelatin silver; 13 x 18 cm. and smaller.

Scope and Content Note

Photographs show colonial troops and "tirailleur" regiments in Madagascar, Africa and France: four interracial group shots (On versos: "Cadres coloniaux et Tirailleurs, AOF/AEF, [ca.] 1900" and "Avec les sénégalais au camp Ste. Marthe à Marseille, 1940-42"); two portrait shots of European soldiers, and one of an African soldier (On verso: "Souvenir de ton filleul Philippe Latmel Margueritte"); and one shot of a European in suit on donkey-back, next to standing Africans in loincloths (On verso: "Tournée de Recrutement en Brousse 1910-1920")
Box 6, Folder 3

People, Thiès, Senegal, [1910?]

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints: collodion; 13 x 18 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Photographs show a seated group of African villagers with a standing African man in a Homburg hat; and a group of Maures and Europeans at rest together alongside a wooden building, with camels, large cloth-covered bundles, and a cooking pot. (On verso: "Intérieur d'un traitant à Thiès. Estradier, sa femme, de portage et des Maures.")
Box 6, Folder 4

People, Senegal - AOF, 1910-[1950?]

Physical Description: 5 photographic prints : collodion, gelatin silver; 13 x 18 and smaller.

Scope and Content Note

An African couple in a studio shot with an umbrella (On verso: "St. Louis, 1913" and "1910"), villagers by the roadside (On verso: "Sur la route, la halte"), a market scene with Africans and platforms made of thin logs (On verso: "Marché de Kalaka [?]"), a smiling man in a field of tall sorghum, and three men on shipboard.
Box 6, Folder 5

14 July celebrations, Constantinople, 1919

Physical Description: 3 photographic prints: collodion; 12 x 17 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Anonymous photographs show Senegalese and Malagasy troops dancing before spectators, as well as a turbaned man climbing up a "mât de cocagne" (cuccagna tree or pole).
Box 6, Folder 6

Women, Madagascar, [1930?]

Physical Description: 1 photographic print: gelatin silver; 15 x 11 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two women standing outside grass-thatched building.
Box 6, Folder 7

Régnard and Latil, Views of Dakar, 1930 and 1936

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints: collodion; 17 x 12 cm and smaller

Scope and Content Note

View of vegetation in the "Jardin de Hann" (1930), and an aerial shot of the "Résidence de l'Administrateur [et] l'Hippodrome" (1936).
Box 6, Folder 8

Governor Jourdain, Views of Djibouti, 1935-1938

Physical Description: 7 photographic prints: collodion; 9 x 12 and smaller.

Scope and Content Note

Photographs show ritual dancing or combat between Africans holding spears or staffs, with electrical towers and buildings in the distance; European officers and their wives before a motorcar, and seated in rows at an event; the train to Addis Ababa with station, passengers and officials; and a view of a campsite with tent, Africans and a European on horseback (On verso: "Environs de Dikkil - Campement d'administrateur en tournée").
Box 6, Folder 9

Galandou Diouf with Senegalese soldiers, 1939

Physical Description: 1 photographic print: collodion; 13 x 18 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Galandou Diouf, representative of Senegal in the French National Assembly, is pictured with Senegalese soldiers in uniform, and two other men in civilian clothes. Photo taken 1939 Dec. 23. Mimeographed information affixed to back of photograph.
Box 6, Folder 10

Mission, Gabon, 1940

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints: collodion; 7 x 11 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African adults and children lined up outside a mission building, posing with two missionaries (On verso: "La mission Gabon 1940 Anonyme"; and a young African man and woman holding two children with severe skin lesions (On verso: "Jeunes chrétiens Gabon 1940 Anonyme).
Box 6, Folder 11

Africans with scarifications, [1940?]

Physical Description: 6 photographic prints: collodion, gelatin silver; 18 x 13 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Views of African women and men show a wide array of facial and body scarifications, including those of a Bété woman from Côte d'Ivoire, and another woman with a lip plug.
Box 6, Folder 12

Wuillaume, R., African villagers, [1950?]

Physical Description: 4 photographic prints: collodion; 6 x 9 cm.

Scope and Content Note

An African woman next to a hut or pile of grain; four African men standing by a road holding hunting bows; eight villagers carrying a large bell-shaped straw roof out of a river.
Box 6, Folder 13

Tirailleurs sénégalais (African soldiers), Morocco, 1920

Physical Description: 3 photographic prints: collodion, gelatin silver; 9 x 7 cm. and smaller; one on backing 10 x 15 cm.

Scope and Content Note

An outdoor shot of a Tirailleur; a young European woman and her daughter with dog, in the midst of Tirailleurs sénégalais; a group of Tirailleurs sénégalais and one European officer looking on as a soldier bends over to eat face-first from a large pan of food.
Box 6, Folder 14

European soldiers with Moroccans, 1920

Physical Description: 1 photographic print: collodion; 8 x 11 cm.

Scope and Content Note

European soldiers and Moroccans stand before a barrier of piled-up sandbags. Before them is a wooden platform, a vertical panel attached on one side, with iron rings, hooks and a hanging padlock.
Box 6, Folder 15

Europeans, "Afrique Noire", 1920

Physical Description: 1 photographic print: collodion; 13 x 18 cm.

Scope and Content Note

A group of European men stands under a grape arbor, next to a pile of corn and hanging strands of drying leaves (possibly tobacco?). The men wear military helmets, butcher's aprons, hunting garb; some smoke pipes; two are looking at a folded newspaper or booklet; one man wears a turban and Arab clothing and holds an oar. Another man poses camping in a women's dress, finger to lip, and carries a bouquet of dried plant stalks, while a man in headcloth leans smiling over his shoulder. A small boy sits on the corn pile. (On verso: "Afrique Noire 1920".)
Box 6, Folder 16

European soldier and friends, Morocco, 1926

Physical Description: 6 photographic prints: collodion; 8 x 11 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

An unidentified European soldier is shown in several group shots with other soldiers, both African and European, in uniform (with rifles) and in fatigues (On verso: "Maroc, Octobre 1926. Je suis bien mal fichu"); posing with a young African standing in a stream (On verso: "Maroc. À la corvée de lavage, le 11 Septembre 1926"); posing before cactus, a dog at his feet (On verso: "Maroc. Dans le ravin où l'on fait le tir. Fait à Fes le 8 Août 1926. R[...]" [signature illegible]); and with friends at table inside a store or office, with wine, bread and a platter of foodstuffs (possibly figs or chestnuts?).
Box 6, Folder 17

European soldiers, Morocco, 1920-30

Physical Description: 3 photographic prints : collodion, gelatin silver; 5 x 7 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of European soldiers before Moroccan architecture, and of a radio operator.
Box 6, Folder 18

European officers at ceremony before Moroccan crowd, 1920-1930

Physical Description: 6 photographic prints: collodion, matte collodion; 9 x 12 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Outdoor shots of European officers with large Moroccan crowd, seemingly documenting a medalling ceremony. Also pictured are several European women, one in a fur coat; small children; an automobile; and three young Moroccan women in white dresses. The same faces recur throughout these photographs (though the shots may represent different events or days) as well as in those of the next folder. On versos: "Campagne du Maroc 1920" and "Maroc 1920/30".
Box 6, Folder 19

European life, Morocco, 1920-30

Physical Description: 10 photographic prints : collodion, matte collodion; 9 x 12 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Intimate views of European family and social life in Morocco, including a couple embracing in a chair (their faces are recognizable from photographs in the previous folder), the same couple posing with an infant, solo posing and social gatherings in living rooms, table scenes, and a picnic. A final photograph shows nine European men sitting and reclining in a Moroccan tent with an older Moroccan man and two young women, or possibly a woman and a boy, with whom two European men are sitting closely. (The seller's inventory gives for this lot of photographs the subject term "prostitutes"; perhaps they are referring to this photograph.) The same faces recur throughout this folder, as well as in the previous folder.
Box 6, Folder 20

Abidjan, 1904 and 1914

Physical Description: 7 photographic prints : collodion; 4 x 4 cm. on backing 19 x 14 cm.; 11 x 15 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Six photographs pasted on a single backing show July 14th festivities and games, including a military ceremony (with rifles propped into pyramids), a canoe race, a swimming race and a "mât horizontal", with contestants trying to walk across a pole suspended over water without falling (Caption: "Le 14 Juillet 1904 à Abidjan [...]"). Another photograph shows a large group shot of standing white-uniformed soldiers, with three officers and three women seated in front, next to a long thatched building, with trees and dogs in the foreground (On verso: "Cercle d'Abidjan 1914, Réception de tirailleurs revenant de France").
Box 6, Folder 21

Madagascar, [1910?]

Physical Description: 3 photographic prints: albumen; 10 x 15 cm. on backing 11 x 17 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Posed shots of Malagasy families, and one shot of a uniformed European standing inside a filanzane, or litter, surrounded by Malagasy porters.
Box 6, Folder 22

European soldiers with African boys, [1910?]

Physical Description: 1 photographic print: collodion; 11 x 9 cm. on backing 18 x 13 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two soldiers or officers stand with two African boys sitting at their feet. In the background is an umbrella or tent, another tent with Europeans sitting before it, and a house with a veranda.
Box 6, Folder 23

Carew, A. Ferdinand and anonymous, Nigeria, [1910?] and 1951

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints : albumen, collodion; 14 x 10 cm. on backing 16 x 11 cm. and smaller.

Scope and Content Note

One portrait photograph shows a European officer posing with sword, with an African holding the bridle of a saddled horse (photograph by A. Ferdinand Carew, Lagos); the other photograph shows a road with people, horses or donkeys, and what appear to be hay carts, leading across a bridge into the gate of a mud-walled fortification (On verso: "Kano (Nigeria) le 22 Octobre 1951").
Box 6, Folder 24

Merly, Jean, Quartermaster's warehouse, Dakar, 1912

Physical Description: 1 photographic print : gelatin silver; 12 x 17 cm. on backing 14 x 19 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Uniformed Europeans pose before a building under construction; African, Moroccan and/or European workers in background. On verso, a stamp: "Jean MERLY Entrepreneur de Travaux Publics, Dakar (Sénégal)". On verso: "Dakar 14 Août 1912, Merly. Magasin Central d'habillement, campement et couchage à Dakar."
Box 6, Folder 25

People, Algeria and Libya or Syria, n.d. and 1929

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 13 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Arab horseman rides rearing horse before crowd of Algerian onlookers; two men and three donkeys loaded with cabbages walk down a long straight road (On verso: "Homs, Décembre 1929, Les chous [sic] s'en vont au marché..."). Note: Cities named Homs are located in both Libya and Syria.
Box 6, Folder 26

Dupuy et Cie, Exposition Coloniale Internationale, Paris, May 1931

Physical Description: 10 photographic prints: collodion; 10 x 13 cm and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Views of various pavilions (several with troops or visiting dignitaries in front), of lions in their viewing pen, and of a group of four Senegalese in robes standing or sitting on the ground, Exposition pavilions visible in the background, while European passersby look on (On verso: "Les Sénégalais discutent"). Photographs captioned on verso in pencil, and stamped: "Société du Petit Parisien Dupuy et Cie."
Box 8, Folder 12

2e [Deuxième] Artillerie Coloniale, [1914-1918?]

Physical Description: 1 photographic print : collodion; 17 x 23 cm. on backing 21 x 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Interracial shot of 2nd Colonial Artillery regiment, with seven European soldiers, all standing, and eight African soldiers, two standing and six seated on the ground. The background is a forest, with a sign identifying the regiment attached to a tree trunk. Caption in pencil: "Afrique."
Box 7, Folder 1

Camus, Ernest, Côte d'Ivoire, Soudan [Mali], 1898-1916, bulk 1898-1905

Physical Description: 25 photographic prints: collodion, matte collodion; 13 x 18 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Photographs taken by or for Ernest Camus during his stay in Africa (1898-1905) as an officer in the Corps of Engineers (officier du Génie). Included are a group shot of European officers; views of their traveling (one in a hammock carried by African porters); military or engineering posts and stations; Tirailleurs sénégalais lining a city street ; work sites and crews; dock scenes with boats; ethnographic shots of African men and women; market scenes (including shots of camels); and road scenes, including one of an African walking alongside a row of huts. Includes one posed shot of Camus, taken at his desk in 1916.
See also Camus's Album photos : Soudan, Côte d'Ivoire : box 9.
Box 31, Folder 1

Camus, Ernest, Côte d'Ivoire, Soudan [Mali], 1898-1916

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints: collodion; 19 x 25 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Continuation of Camus photographs, featuring an African woman in a village street, two stacked bowls balanced on her head, and the loading or unloading of a boat moored by a riverbank.
Box 31, Folder 1

Anonymous conscript, Algerian War, 1958-60

Scope and Content Note

Candid photographs of life in a French army contingent, taken by an anonymous conscript during the Algerian war, 1958-1960.
The dinner shots are of a "Père Cent" celebration, traditionally taking place one hundred days before a regiment was to be demobilized. The "quille" or carved wooden nine-pin (the word "quille" also refers to the day of discharge from service) may be hung or buried as part of the celebration (see Garanger, Marc, La guerre d'Algérie. [Paris]: Seuil, 1984, p. 86-93).
Box 7, Folder 2

Group 1 (C154-163)

Physical Description: 10 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 13 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Group shot of soldiers standing before tents; soldiers before trucks; in sleeping bags near trucks; a palm grove or oasis; soldiers in palm grove; soldiers seated in desert with firearms; group shot of shirtless soldiers; soldiers on hillside; soldiers at work piling up flat stones (possibly to create a gunning position? ); a scorpion. Roll numbers: unnumbered, 362A, 389A, 429C, 430C.
Box 7, Folder 3

Group 2 (C144-153)

Physical Description: 9 photographic prints : collodion; 8 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Trucks in an Algerian market; trucks by a palm grove; soldiers constructing a building; soldier resting against boulders; soldiers riding a tank; soldiers reclining in the desert; overhead view of military camp; a helicopter; foot patrol in the desert. Roll numbers: 429C, 506A, 514A, 674A.
Box 7, Folder 4

Group 3 (C134-143)

Physical Description: 10 photographic prints : collodion; 8 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

An airplane over the desert; soldiers piled into a truck, whose engine is being fixed; helicopters landing in the desert; planes flying in formation, seen from a town street; parachuting; soldiers drinking in a tent; military camp; soldiers near water amidst palm trees; soldier atop a tank with gun turret and rifle mount. Roll numbers: 429C, 514A, 674A.
Box 7, Folder 5

Group 4 (C124-133)

Physical Description: 11 photographic prints: collodion; 8 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Group shots of soldiers in swimsuits by river; soldier posing before tank with gun turret; helicopters on the ground; soldiers drinking in a tent; soldier reclining outside a tent; group shot in swimsuits by a river; posing next to a tank; soldiers in the field using a radio phone; overhead views of military camp; soldiers patrolling; helicopter taking off or landing. Roll numbers: unnumbered, 429C, 506A, 514A, 674A.
Box 7, Folder 6

Group 5 (C114-123)

Physical Description: 9 photographic prints : collodion; 8 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Soldiers eating or cooking at table outside tents; an airplane; soldier climbing up a hillside; soldiers drinking in a tent; soldiers next to metal bins (containing water and sand?); soldiers in the back of a truck; soldier walking with plate of food while others look on; soldiers hoisting water from a well; group shot of soldiers outside tents. Roll numbers: 096A, 429C, 506A, 514A.
Box 7, Folder 7

Group 6 (C94-103)

Physical Description: 10 photographic prints : collodion; 8 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Group shot of soldiers outside tents; group shot of soldiers under tree; soldiers squatting before barbed wire; soldiers reclining on luggage at train station (2 views); soldiers next to train; "Père Cent" dinner inside tent, with "quille", or nine-pin symbolizing demobilization, hung over the table; view of Algerian town or fortress (with marabout or shrine?); three helicopters parked on desert floor; soldiers on ground with airplane overhead. Roll numbers: 099A, 530A, 721D, 743C, 783E.
Box 7, Folder 8

Group 7 (C104-113)

Physical Description: 11 photographic prints : collodion; 8 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Soldiers drinking inside tent (2 views); fixing a truck engine while soldiers wait; soldiers resting on wheeled water canister; soldiers seated in a circle outside shed; soldier posing outside tent; two soldiers posing in desert; group shot of soldiers outside helicopter; a hillside or ravine; parachutes descending; soldiers seated on cots inside a tent, with a pyramid-shaped pile of oblong white objects (a bunch of dates?). Roll numbers: 096A, 429C, 506A, 514A, 674A, 783E, 795E.
Box 7, Folder 9

Group 8 [no C numbers]

Physical Description: 7 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 13 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Soldiers and police in jeeps along city street; soldiers sitting with baggage along train tracks (during transit?); two soldiers posing in desert, armed, before low mountains; soldiers on patrol in desert; soldiers with an overturned cart; soldiers squatting behind piled-up stones (possibly a gunning position); Algerians riding donkeys. Roll numbers: unnumbered, 148B, 362A, 430C.
Box 7, Folder 10

Group 9 [no C numbers]

Physical Description: 5 photographic prints: collodion; 13 x 18 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of "Père Cent" dinner inside tent, with one soldier carrying the "quille" (nine-pin signifying demobilization); outdoor group portrait with "quille" (possibly a different contingent); Algerian youths playing soccer. No roll numbers.
Box 7, Folder 11

Dessault, L., Photo-Héliogravure Algérienne, Algiers, [1951] or [1956] or [1962]

Physical Description: 16 photographic prints : collodion; 13 x 18 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of employees at work in a commercial photogravure and lithography print shop in Algiers. Various points in the process are documented, including making a positive slide of an original negative; use of lithographic presses, paper trimmers and other machines; water, acid or mordant baths (including acid bath rockers); rinsing, stopping, cleaning, polishing, and inking of plates; and other activities. The employees, almost universally colonists of European descent, are joined by two indigenous Algerians. One group shot of employees before the business storefront is included. Several of the photographs have been substantially retouched, and all are stamped on verso: "L. Dessault, Photo Industrielle et Reportage, 41 rue Mogador, Alger."
Possible dates are based on evidence of a perpetual calendar, some of the photographs having been taken on 24 September (Monday) and 2 October (Tuesday) of the year in question. Date is erroneous in seller's inventory as 1958-1960.
Box 31, Folder 2

Blain Frères, Biskra, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 1 photographic print : matte collodion; 24 x 18 cm. on backing 28 x 20 cm.

Scope and Content Note

View of a street in Biskra, Algeria, set in a palm grove, with six persons in Arab dress walking along it, some using walking sticks. The roadway is lined with waist-high walls of mud or stone; on top of one of the walls rests what appears to be a jug or canteen with a white European-style helmet posed atop it; a walking stick leans against the wall below. On the backing is printed "Blain Frères, Valence," a photographic studio in Valence, France, active by 1905.
Box 7, Folder 12-33

Desmarais and other photographers, Senegal - AOF (Afrique occidentale française) - Congo Belge, 1929-1960

Scope and Content Note

This lot, which includes some photographs labeled as "cartes postales", is made up of strongly ethnographic images of African village life, as well as documentary images of cities and of European life in Africa. For related images, refer to the Desmarais series of photograph albums: boxes 16 through 22. References have been made to specific box numbers for some though not all correspondences. Seller's inventory gives dates for this lot as 1930-1931, though duplicates in the Desmarais albums indicate that the true date span may extend up to 1960.
Box 7, Folder 12

African women, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 12 photographic prints: collodion; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Women alone in different settings, wearing a variety of clothing, jewelry, and hairstyles. Some hold children.
Box 7, Folder 13

African women in groups, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 7 photographic prints : collodion, gelatin silver; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Women and girls outdoors, in villages, forests or open savanna, in groups of three or more. One group stands with piled-up pottery and baskets.
Box 7, Folder 14

African women, pair, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints : collodion; 13 x 9 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Two women in Maure-type robes from same photo shoot; one holds a baby.
Box 7, Folder 15

African women pounding grain, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 7 photographic prints: collodion; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Women with mortars, pestles and baskets, while children stand or sit by. One photograph, showing three women pounding into the same mortar, is captioned in pencil on verso: "1. Sénégal - Préparation du Couscous. Collection 'Le Bon Marché', Dakar."
Box 7, Folder 16

African women, scarified, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints: collodion; 14 x 9 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two women with elaborate torso scarifications, one with jewelry and piercings; the other carries a basket on her head.
Box 7, Folder 17

African women, tribes identified on verso, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 5 photographic prints: collodion, gelatin silver; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Women, both alone and in group shots. One woman holding a goat stands in a village complex with a man and several children. On versos: "Foulah"; "Toucouleuse"; "Peulh"; "Toucouleur à Galoya"; "22. Sénégal - Femme Mandingue. Collection 'Le Bon Marché', Dakar."
Box 7, Folder 18

African women working, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 5 photographic prints: collodion, gelatin silver; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Women at lavish public fountain; washing clothes in the river; carding wool; cooking; and carrying a large round pot through the village.
Box 7, Folder 19

Bridges, dams, canals, Senegal - AOF, 1929-1931

Physical Description: 3 photographic prints : collodion, gelatin silver; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of a canal near Bamako (On verso: "Canal de Sotuba, février 1929"); a bridge near Kayes (On verso: "Pont sur le Sénégal à Mahina"); and a bridge over a deep gorge.
For related images, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, Vol. 2: box 17.
Box 7, Folder 20

Canoes and canoeing, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Four people in a canoe with view of riverbank; and a woman (On verso: "Race Khasonké") standing by a canoe containing woven reed articles, while to the side a pig drinks from the river Niger.
For related images, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, vol. 5: box 20.
Box 7, Folder 21

Dancers and festivals, Senegal - AOF - Congo Belge, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 6 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 14 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Views of African dancers, drummers, musicians, and celebrations. On versos: "Congo Belge"; "Balafons" (a type of xylophone); "Danses Bassaris."
For images related to the balafons and to the skirted men standing in a row, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, vol. 2: box 17. For images related to the "Danses Bassaris" photograph, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, vol. 4: box 19, and Views of Africa, vol. 6: box 21. For images related to the "Congo Belge" photograph of Rwandan dancers, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, vol. 7: box 22.
Box 7, Folder 22

Dancers, Masked, Bamako, 1929

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints: collodion; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Dancers stand wearing long cloth masks lined with cowries, topped with carved wood and a plume. On verso: "Bamako, février 1929, danseurs masqués."
For related image, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, Vol. 2: box 17.
Box 7, Folder 23

European hunters, caravans, travel, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 10 photographic prints : gelatin silver; 10 x 15 cm.

Scope and Content Note

European hunters posing with African assistants, firearms and a variety of shot animals. Includes views of one hunter with a family of Maure nomads before a hut; a European man and woman and an African man before a caravan of pack camels, Maure camel driver visible in background; Africans and Europeans with motorcar on a wooden ferry; elephants on a hillside; and two European men, a European woman and an African boy with dog, goat and tame gazelle before the façade of the Château Faidherbe, in Richard-Toll, Senegal.
For images related to the photographs of the hunter and Maure nomads, the caravan, and Château Faidherbe, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, Vol. 1: box 16; and Views of Africa, Vol. 2: box 17.
Box 7, Folder 24

Europeans with motorcars, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 5 photographic prints : collodion, gelatin silver; 9 x 14 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

European men (some in bathing suits), women and families pose with their cars at the beach, in gardens and amongst baobab trees.
Box 7, Folder 25

Landscapes, monument, river scenes, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 3 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of two unidentified sites, one with pitted, tilting stone pillars of varying heights (located in Lampour), and one of a tall irregularly-shaped monolith, located on a flat stone mass dotted with sinkwells (location unknown). Also, a view of a rapids along the Niger river (On verso: "Bief sur le Niger, vu de la chaussée Terrasson"). Consult the Desmarais albums for more views of both sites.
Box 7, Folder 26

Making palm oil, Conakry, Guinea, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 1 photographic print : collodion; 14 x 9 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Boys stand amidst jars and piles of palm nuts (On verso: "Conakry - Préparation de l'huile de palme").
Box 7, Folder 27

Ship at port, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 4 photographic prints : collodion; 6 x 9 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of a wharf with waiting Africans and Europeans, and of a ship with European women and one man standing on one of the decks. Also a view of the port as seen from the ship, out to sea. These images may relate to Official visit of André Maginot to Dakar and French Sudan : box 11. However, not all pictures may refer to the same event.
Box 7, Folder 28

Tents and pack donkeys, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 3 photographic prints : gelatin silver; 14 x 9 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Views of tents in a desert background, with some crates and barrels stacked by them, and of pack donkeys led by Africans. For further images, see Desmarais, Views of Africa, Vol. 2: box 17.
Box 7, Folder 29

Views of city and shore, [Dakar?], 1930-1931

Physical Description: 6 photographic prints : collodion; 7 x 11 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Views of street, sea wall, pier, and several colonial buildings, possibly in Dakar.
Box 7, Folder 30

Views of Dakar and European residents, 1929-1931

Physical Description: 9 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 14 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Views of coastline, harbor (On verso: "7 Juin 1929"), and colonial buildings, with a picture of a European family taken from a cliff overlooking the ocean, and of a European man in front of a house veranda. On versos: "Dakar." For related images, see Views of Dakar: box 12.
Box 7, Folder 31

Views of Podor, Senegal, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints : collodion; 8 x 13 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of the riverbank with boats (On verso: "Le Sénégal à Podor"), and of a group of women and children.
Box 7, Folder 32

Views of sea and rivers, Senegal - AOF, 1930-1931

Physical Description: 6 photographic prints : matte collodion; 15 x 7 cm. and smaller ; two on backing 17 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Photographs of coastlines and river scenes with palm trees, some showing piers, boats, colonial buildings or Europeans. One of the photograph is signed "Lapierre." Several of the other photos are printed onto blue paper.
Box 7, Folder 33

Malinké women, Senegal - AOF, 1938-1951

Physical Description: 2 photographic prints : collodion; 9 x 12 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Malinké or Mandingo women wearing jewelry and carrying bunches of flowers (On verso: "Filles Malinkés excisées"). Photographs taken from Desmarais, Views of Africa, Vol. 5: box 20; see this album for duplicates and related images.
 

Series II.B.  Photograph albums, 1898-1960

Physical Description: 14 albums

Scope and Content Note

Subseries II.B. continues the themes of architectural, geographic and ethnographic documentation of French Africa, as well as colonial and administrative life. All of the albums are individually cataloged in the repository's online catalog; please refer to these records for extensive descriptions.
Box 9

Camus, Ernest, Album photos, Soudan, Côte d'Ivoire, 1898-1905

Physical Description: 1 album (166 photographic prints) : collodion ; 28 x 37 cm., prints 17 x 22 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

The album contains photographs taken by and for Ernest Camus, amateur photographer and officer in the Corps of Engineers, during his stay in West Africa from 1898 to 1905.
See also Box 7, folder 1 and Box 8, folder 13 for further Camus photographs.
Box 10

Photographies (Ht. Dahomey Gourma-Borgou), [ca. 1920]

Physical Description: 1 album (85 photographic prints) : collodion, matte collodion, gelatin silver ; 27 x 33 cm., prints 18 x 13 or smaller

Scope and Content Note

The seller's inventory states that this album details the career of a colonial soldier named Gourmand-Borgon, who married an African woman. However, based on caption information, the album more likely details the career of a Doctor Bartet, a European man shown with his African wife and mixed-race son. Also documented are Bartet's activities in the region of Borgou, located in the north or northeast of Benin (Haut Dahomey), and the adjacent region of Gourma, in the southeast of Burkina Faso.
Some captions barely legible: caption list available in repository.
Box 11

[Official visit of André Maginot to Dakar and French Sudan], [1929]

Physical Description: 1 album (48 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 18 x 25 cm., prints 12 x 17 cm.

Scope and Content Note

This photograph album records the official visit of André Maginot to Dakar and French Sudan, beginning with Maginot's arrival by boat on 1929 Feb. 7 and his reception by Blaise Diagne.
Box 12

[Views of Dakar], [ca. 1930]

Physical Description: 1 album (48 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 22 x 29 cm., prints 12 x 17 cm.

Scope and Content Note

The album contains images of Dakar, taken approximately in 1930. The photographs are architectural and documentary in character; people are included in some of the views.
Box 13

Hernandez, E, Tchèque(s)[?] voyagent au Maroc pour rendre visite à un légionnaire [de] garnison, [ca. 1930]

Physical Description: 1 album (209 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 25 x 33 cm., prints 11 x 16 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

The album documents an automobile tour taken by a Czech-Spanish married couple through Morocco. Near the very end of the album are 18 photographs of Barcelona, including several of the 1929 International Exposition.
Captions in Czech: caption list with translations available in repository.
Box 14

[Views of Mali], [ca. 1940]

Physical Description: 1 album (80 photographic prints) : collodion ; 23 x 34 cm., prints 13 x 18.5 cm.

Scope and Content Note

The album contains a series of views of Mali, which are documentary and touristic in nature; they appear to have been produced by the "Service spécial de police & sûreté, Soudan français," and to have been placed into this album by an unknown private individual.
Captions on versos of photographs: caption list available in repository.
Box 15

Portal, Henri, [Views of Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso], [1953-1956]

Physical Description: 1 album (98 photographic prints) : collodion ; 23 x 30 cm., prints 9 x 11 cm.

Scope and Content Note

The album contains uncaptioned snapshots of work and travel through Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso (then known as Haute Volta) and possibly also Ghana, taken during the mid-1950's by Henri Portal, a doctor and colonial functionary, active in hospital work in French West Africa
Henri Portal, a doctor and colonial functionary, was active in hospital work in French West Africa during the years specified.
Box 16-22

Desmarais, [Views of Africa]

Scope and Content Note

These seven albums document the African activities of Desmarais (first name not available), a French photographer and painter based in Paris. Desmarais lived off and on in French and Belgian Africa from approximately 1929 to 1960, during which time he organized travel and hunting expeditions together with his brother; his son, Michel Desmarais, was a planter in the Belgian Congo. Seller's inventory gives date of photographs for all seven Desmarais albums as 1929 to 1960, with photographs from different time periods mingled in each album. The photographs were taken by Desmarais and other local photographers; the albums also include postcards and press bureau photographs ("clichés d'agence"). Albums and album captions were created by the author in approximately 1967 or 1969. Dates for individual photograph albums were taken from seller's inventory and should be regarded as approximate.
Box 16

Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 1, Senegal, Guinea, Mali], [1931-1938]

Physical Description: 1 album (215 photographic prints) : collodion, gelatin silver ; 29 x 35 cm., prints 14 x 9 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

This album contains partially-captioned photographs taken predominantly in the Gambia River valley, in Senegal and possibly also Gambia, along with some shots taken in Guinea and Mali that appear at album's end. Most images are of indigenous African, mainly women, often identified by tribe, and of European hunters. The photographs, despite the dates given for them in the seller's inventory, may span up to 20 years.
Box 17

Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 2, Mali, Guinea, Mauritania, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire], [1931-1951]

Physical Description: 1 album (248 photographic prints) : collodion, gelatin silver ; 28 x 35 cm., prints 16 x 23 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

This album concentrates on views of Mali, Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania, with a few of Côte d'Ivoire. Subjects depicted include rivers and markets, festivals with costumed dancers and musicians (balafon and horn players and drummers), African men in boats or on horseback or camelback and women with their dress and jewelry (some with scarifications), village life, nomads with camels, and Europeans in Africa. Included are five small photograps from Maginot's 1929 visit to French Sudan (see Official visit of André Maginot to Dakar and French Sudan : box 11).
Box 18

Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 3, Guinea, Senegal], [1948-1951]

Physical Description: 1 album (159 photographic prints) : gelatin silver ; 28 x 36 cm., prints 20 x 30 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

This album contains views of Guinea and southeastern Senegal, with emphasis on photographs of indigenous Africans, along with views of Europeans and of the Guinean highlands (Fouta Djallon and points east), with shots of rivers and waterfalls, gorges, jungle scenes, and the hill station ("station climatique") at Dalaba.
Box 19

Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 4, Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania], [1931-1952]

Physical Description: 1 album (212 photographic prints) : collodion ; 30 x 39 cm., prints 18 x 24 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

This album contains views of Guinea, Senegal, Mali and Mauritania. Subjects include views of indigenous Africans, both in portrait shots and in village and landscape scenes, European men and women, a salt caravan, several views of a bush fire, and a group shot of European pilots on an airfield ("Dakar 1er aeroclub").
Box 20

Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 5, Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire], [1938-1951]

Physical Description: 1 album (254 photographic prints) : collodion, silver gelatin ; 30 x 39 cm., prints 18 x 25 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

This fifth album in a series of seven contains views of Senegal, Guinea, Mali and Côte d'Ivoire. Africans are shown with their costumes and jewelry, hairstyles, and scarifications. There is a concentration of images of semi-nude African women, possibly assembled with erotic intent; some women are shown in European surroundings, sitting in armchairs or reclining on sofas. There are also views of Europeans in hunting scenes with shot game as well as together with indigenous Africans.
Box 21

Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 6, Mauritania, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso], [1949-1960]

Physical Description: 1 album (52 photographic prints) : collodion, silver gelatin ; 29 x 42 cm., prints 9 x 14 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

This album contains views of Mauritania, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso. Indigenous Africans are shown in portrait shots with their jewelry, and in village scenes; there are also Europeans as well as views of coastline and industrial sites near Dakar.
Box 22

Desmarais, [Views of Africa. Vol. 7, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Southern Africa], [1941-1960]

Physical Description: 1 album (227 photographic prints) : collodion ; 29 x 40 cm., prints 25 x 18 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

This album contains views of Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi [present-day Congo, Rwanda and Burundi], along with two small photographs of Victoria Falls and three of South Africa; there are also two postcards of people identified as being from Kenya and Uganda. Subjects include portraits of indigenous peoples including the Mwami [King] of Rwanda, Mutara III Charles Rudahigwa (given as Ludahigwa in the album); Rwandan festivities featuring dancing and large-horned cattle; European colonial family life; and landscape, agriculture, shipping and heavy machinery on the African Great Lakes.
 

Series III.  Portfolio publications and other periodical materials, 1909?-1965

Physical Description: 23 items

Scope and Content Note

This small series comprises magazines, leaflets, clippings, and other periodical materials in French, with subject matter pertaining to colonial and post-colonial Africa. Notable are the portfolios, unbound publications comprised of captioned broadsides, illustrated with large photographs and contained within a paper wrapper. These magazine-like publications concentrate on the economic development of African countries, with an educational or pedagogic slant and an intended young adult or general readership.
Box 8, Folder 1

Au désert, [1909?]

Physical Description: 1 clipping: 25 x 17 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cartoon containing Dubonnet advertisement, with camel and European soldier in desert.
Box 8, Folder 2

Richa, Er., La mission Marchand en Afrique: La route Congo-Nil, no. 7 , Saumur (France) : C. Charier, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 1 leaflet: 23 x 35 cm.

Scope and Content Note

The leaflet, number 7 in a series, may be a wrapper for a portfolio publication which once contained further sheets, now lost. Illustrations on the title page show scenes of road-building and soldiers fighting, with a column of porters in the background. A short narrative relates Jean-Baptiste Marchand's activity in the Nile basin, which precipitated the Fashoda crisis of 1898. Series title: La mission Marchand en Afrique.
Box 8, Folder 3

One issue of Maduré-Madagascar, 1938, Paris : Les Missions Maduré-Madagascar

Scope and Content Note

One issue of a monthly magazine, No. 16 (Jan. 1938), describing missionary activity in Madagascar and in Maduré (Madurai), South India.
Box 8, Folder 4-7

Ten issues of La Documentation photographique, 1949-1965, Paris: La Documentation française, Secrétariat général du gouvernement

Scope and Content Note

Educational portfolio publications, issued unbound, containing black and white photographic reproductions with captions. Includes charts, maps and other materials. Some sheets are missing; No. 90 (L'Afrique du Nord. II. Le Maroc) is missing its wrapper.
  • Habitations indigènes dans la France d'outre-mer. No. 24 (1949)
  • L'A.E.F. [Afrique équatoriale française]: La nature et l'homme. No. 66 (1951)
  • L'A.E.F. [Afrique équatoriale française]: La mise en valeur. No. 67 (1951)
  • L'Islam. No. 77 (1952)
  • L'Afrique du Nord. I. Généralités. No. 89 (1952)
  • L'Afrique du Nord. II. Le Maroc. No. 90 (1952)
  • L'Afrique du Nord. III. L'Algérie (géographie économique). No. 91 (1952)
  • L'Afrique du Nord. IV. La Tunisie (géographie économique). No. 92 (1952)
  • Pays tropicaux. No. 186 (June 1958)
  • L'Afrique. No. 5-251 and 252 (Jan./Feb. 1965)
Box 8, Folder 8-9

Three issues and five miscellaneous sheets of La Documentation pédagogique, 1953-1957, Montmorillon (France) : Coopérative pédagogique

Scope and Content Note

Educational portfolio publications, issued unbound, containing color photographic reproductions with captions. No. 47 (Feb. 1955) concerns the Crusades, and is missing sheet 7. Many sheets and some wrappers are missing.
  • [Five miscellaneous sheets.] Feb. 1953-Nov. 1954
  • [Title unknown.] No. 47 (Feb. 1955)
  • Colonisation et commerce colonial au XVIIIe siècle. No. 61 (Mar. 1956)
  • Politique coloniale de la France au XIXe siècle. No. 72 (Apr. 1957)
Box 8, Folder 10

One issue of Pédagogie pratique : La Documentation géographique en couleurs , St. Germain-en-Laye (France) : MDI, 1955

Scope and Content Note

Educational portfolio publications, issued unbound, containing color photographic reproductions. Sheets 1 and 6 missing.
  • L'Afrique du Nord. No. 29 (Feb. 1955)
Box 8, Folder 11

[Portfolio], unidentified, [196-?]

Scope and Content Note

Unidentified portfolio publication with missing wrapper, concerning economic development in Africa. Sheets numbered 1-27, of which sheet 18 is missing.
 

Series IV.  Printed images, posters, maps and original artwork, 1880-1967

Physical Description: 122 items

Scope and Content Note

Series IV. is comprised mainly of posters and other items intended for display, all of which relate in some way to the French colonies in Africa and Asia, their conquest and domination, products, and inhabitants. The bulk is printed material, with a few original artworks included. There are many examples of the striking graphic design for which the French of the period were justly famous. Cross-references have been provided in order to guide the researcher to additional images of interest.
Note: Publication dates without brackets are the actual dates printed on the item. In the event that no publication date is printed on the item, the date given in the seller's inventory is used, enclosed in brackets. Exceptions are explained in the notes.
The series is arranged by subject matter into seven subseries: IV.A. Military, 1887-1957; IV.B. Colonial expositions, 1894-1951; IV.C. Propaganda, 1880-1967; IV.D. Travel posters, 1929-1957; IV.E. Advertisements, 1892-1957; IV.F. Racist satire, 1890-ca. 1938; IV.G. Ethnographic images, 1890-1895.
 

Series IV.A.  Military, 1887-1957

Physical Description: 43 items

Scope and Content Note

Subseries IV.A. contains military and conquest posters, prints and artwork, 1890-1943 and enlistment posters, 1924-1957.
 

Military and conquest posters, 1890-1943

Flat file folder 3**

Clairin, G. [Georges], [Conquest of Algeria], [1890]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 77 x 114 cm. on backing 83 x 119 cm.

Scope and Content Note

North African cavalry charging across the desert under green flags of Islam and one French flag; one warrior with long black hair featured in the foreground. Untitled; seller's inventory titles as "La conquête de l'Algérie."
Roll 1**

Journée de l'armée de l'Afrique et des Troupes coloniales , [Paris] : Devambez, 1917

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 121 x 80 cm. on backing 126 x 85 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African and European soldiers, with one possibly Asian soldier, charging over a barricade, a flowering tree with pink blossoms behind them; a mask-like object with eyeholes lying to the lower right. Artist's signature illegible: seller's inventory attributes to "Cox."
See also: Government and political propaganda; Enlistment posters.
Flat file folder 2**

Jonas, [Lucien], [Dou]aumont, 1916

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph; 105 x 74 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Tragic World War I scene of European soldier hoisting flag, surrounded by African and other European soldiers, with one fallen companion in foreground, and a stone marker with the partly obscured word "...aumont." This word refers to the Fort de Douaumont, taken from the French by the Germans during the Battle of Verdun, 25 February 1916, and retaken by the French on 2 November of the same year. Signed lithograph, number 24 of 25, dated "25 octobre 1916."
Flat file folder 3**

Le Bournous, l'association des anciens spahis : Bal, samedi 4 décembre , Paris : Publicité La Déesse, [1937]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 80 x 59 cm. on backing 85 x 64 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Soldier in Spahi uniform on horseback, aiming rifle. Seller's inventory lists date as 1939, but 1937 is more likely, based on the evidence of a perpetual calendar.
Flat file folder 1**

[Auger, Raoul] or Dominique, De Bournazel, 1898-1933, Paris : Grav. et Imp. Desfossés-Néogravure, 1943

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 57 x 45 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Henri de Bournazel, colonial soldier and commander in Morocco who died at the battle of Djebel Sagho in 1933, is shown striding in foreground in military uniform with cape, with North African horsemen galloping in the background. The word "Dominique" is printed at the bottom of the artwork, as if it were the artist's name. However, Raoul Auger is cited as artist in Images et colonies ( 1993) , p. 196/197, which gives date as 1944.
Box 23*, Folder 1

[European soldier with rifle], [1887]

Physical Description:

1 print: lithograph, color; 32 x 24 cm. on backing 43 x 31 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Penciled on backing: "Tenue de campagne aux colonies (Afrique) des quatre régiments d'Infanterie de marine. 1887." Date of print is probably later than 1887.
Box 23*, Folder 2

Infanterie de Marine : instruction militaire, [Épinal (France)] : Pellerin et Cie, imp.-édit ; Imagerie d'Épinal, [1890]

Physical Description:

1 print : stereotype, color; 39 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of soldiers in four bands, including drill at port, the Southeast Asian and Senegalese regiments ("Tirailleurs annamites" and "Tirailleurs sénégalais"), and scenes from "L'Infanterie de Maroc à Bazeilles-Sedan," and the "Guerre de Tonkin."
Box 23*, Folder 3

Cognet, E [European soldier posing with rifle], [1895]

Physical Description:

1 drawing : ink, graphite and blue pencil; 39 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Helmeted, mustached European soldier with rifle; large "E" in blue pencil in upper right corner.
Box 23*, Folder 1

Lajoux, Edmond, [African regiment with pennant-bearer], [1895]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph with hand coloring; 28 x 22 cm. on backing 30 x 25 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Regiment of "Tirailleurs sénégalais" bearing flag and bayonets, with building and water tower in distance. Print has circular water stain 12.5 to 14 cm in diameter. Penciled on backing: "1895 - Le fanion d'une compagnie de Tirailleurs sénégalais."
Box 23*, Folder 2

Armée du Sultan : Troupes marocaines à cheval , Jarville-Nancy (France) : Arts Graphiques Modernes, [1904]

Physical Description:

1 print : stereotype, color; 41 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Eight rows with eight horsemen each, in North African costume. Captions include: "Pacha," "Cavalier marocain," "Caïd," "Chef de tabors."
See also: Ethnographic images.
Box 23*, Folder 1

[African soldier in Spahi uniform, mounted on a horse] , [1906]

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph, color; 30 x 23 cm. glued to frame 43 x 32 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Penciled on frame: "Escadron de spahis sénégalais - 1906 - 1er régiment de Spahis."
Box 23*, Folder 2

Armée coloniale française : spahis algériens, spahis sénégalais , Jarville-Nancy (France) : Imageries Marcel Vagné, [1909]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 41 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Six rows of horsemen, five per row, showing uniforms of colonial Algerian and Senegalese cavalry (Spahis), with captions relating rank and duties.
Box 23*, Folder 4

Orange, Maurice, Souvenir-Programme, 14 juillet 1913 : remise de la croix de la Légion d'Honneur au drapeau des Tirailleurs sénégalais , Paris : Imp. Lecoq, Mathoret et Ch. Bernard, 1913

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph, color; 32 x 25 cm., opens to 32 x 50 cm., glued to backing 43 x 32 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Program for military parade. Includes photos, map of the parade ground, and plan for the day's events. Image on front shows European officer bearing flag, while barefoot African soldiers present bayonets.
Box 23*, Folder 4

Ripart, G.

Tirailleur Sénégalais : yabon, [S.l. : s.n.], [1914]

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph, color; 21 x 13 cm. on backing 29 x 17 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African soldier charging with bayonet. Handwritten on backing: "Août 1914. Tenues des régiments de Tirailleurs sénégalais, 1913-1914."
Box 23*, Folder 5

Large, H., [Group portraits of colonial soldiers], [S.l. : s.n.], [ca. 1915]

Physical Description:

4 prints: lithograph, color; 27 x20 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Three plates of "Tirailleurs sénégalais" (Senegalese infantry) presented in two rows of three soldiers, usually four or five Africans with one or two European officers per illustration, and one plate of European colonial infantrymen. Soldiers are shown in uniform presenting arms (rifles, bayonets, swords), blowing bugles, using binoculars, carrying the French flag, and at drill.
Box 23*, Folder 4

Boisselier, H., Infanterie coloniale, 1912-1914, [S.l. : s.n.], [1915]

Physical Description:

1 print: lithograph, color; 29 x 21 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Five European soldiers posing, their ranks and uniforms clarified with caption text.
Box 23*, Folder 7

Levin; Lemonies[?], Les poilus : Tirailleur sénégalais , 1915

Physical Description:

1 print: lithograph; 43 x 27 cm. on backing 50 x 33 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African soldier posing with bayonet. Signed lithograph, no. 109/350.
Box 23*, Folder 4

Leroux, Pierre Albert, Adjudant de Tirailleurs sénégalais, 1917 , [S.l. : s.n.], 1917

Physical Description:

1 print: lithograph, color with hand coloring; 26 x 19 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African officer standing before the camp of an African regiment, with tents, sentries, a man cooking over an open fire, a windmill in the distance.
Box 23*, Folder 4

Oh! non, pas la baïonnette!, [S.l. : s.n.] : [1917]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 25 x 33 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African soldier bayoneting weeping German soldier in pike helmet, with gas canister in background.
See also: Government and political propaganda.
Box 23*, Folder 3

Quidor, Gaston, Sénégalais, 1917

Physical Description:

1 drawing : pencil on paper; 13 x 9 cm. on backing 17 x 10 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Portrait of African soldier with hat.
Box 23*, Folder 3

Goichon, [Water Carrier], 1918

Physical Description:

1 painting : watercolor on cardboard; 37 x 25 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African soldier with canteen and 2 water buckets on wooden stick over his shoulder. Seller's inventory titles: "Tirailleurs: porteur d'eau."
Box 23*, Folder 2

Armée française : Tirailleurs sénégalais, guerre 1914-1918 , Jarville-Nancy (France) : Imageries Réunies, [after 1918]

Physical Description:

1 print : stereotype, color; 40 x 30 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two bands of four soldiers each: African soldiers with European officers, captioned as to their function: "Tambour," "Sergent," "Lieutenant Porte-Drapeau," "Clairon," "Capitaine," "Tirailleur."
Box 23*, Folder 8

Prevot, Paul, Régiment d'infanterie coloniale du Maroc , [S.l. : s.n.], 1919

Physical Description:

1 print: lithograph with ink handwriting and hand coloring; 45 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Pre-printed certificate of commendation, made out to the soldier "Vince Alphonse." Hand-colored printed insignia on upper left corner, blanks written in with ink calligraphy. At the center, an illustration signed "Paul Prevot" of a soldier holding a standard, being crowned with a laurel wreath by a woman in Grecian robes holding a sword.
Box 23*, Folder 4

Rousselot, L. [Lucien], Tirailleur Sénégalais (1914) , [S.l. : s.n.], 1931

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph with hand coloring; 23 x 16 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African soldier in fez and rucksack posing with rifle.
Box 23*, Folder 7

Baschet, Marcel, [Potrait of Maréchal Lyautey], [S.l. : s.n.] : [1933]

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print: relief halftone, color; 27 x 19 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Potrait of Maréchal Lyautey in full dress uniform.
Box 23*, Folder 6

[Toussaint], Infanterie coloniale : caporal-clairon, musiciens ; Tirailleurs sénégalais (Métropole), caporal-clairon , [S.l. : s.n.], [1935]

Physical Description:

2 prints on cardboard: lithograph with hand coloring; 20 x 18 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Illustrations of European and African troops with bugler. Seller's inventory attributes to "Toussaint."
Box 23*, Folder 7

Infanterie coloniale, artillerie coloniale, formations annexes : caporaux, brigadiers et hommes de troupe : uniformes et équipements , Paris : Ministère de la guerre; L'uniforme officiel, 1937

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph, color; 28 x 38 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Shows variations of uniforms worn by European, Indochinese, and non-Indochinese troops. An insert shows European, African, and one Southeast Asian soldier, wearing respective uniforms. Resembles a child's cutout.
See also: Series VI: Toys and games
Box 23*, Folder 8

13e régiment de Tirailleurs sénégalais : certificat de bonne conduite , Paris : A. Chatel, [1945]

Physical Description:

1 print: lithograph, color; 32 x 50 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Unfilled certificate of commendation framed by images: at the top, anchors, rifles, rope and a globe; at the bottom, WWII soldiers under a military French flag, West African architecture, a large tree with an enormous trunk, scenic rock pillars at the ocean with junks sailing before them, a thatched house on stilts under palm trees, and soldiers wearing historical military uniforms under a flag with white cross on red field, with gold fleurs-de-lys and gold anchors.
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Colonial expositions, Lyon, 1894: Castellani, Les Amazones; Government and political propaganda: Waroquier, Journée organisée; Advertisements: Hippodrome; Advertisements: Tinayre, Dioramas sur l'expédition de Madagascar; Racist satire: Types militaires; Racist satire: Denay, Engagez-vous; Ethnographic images: Types guerriers et tribus sauvages; Series VI: Toys and games: Nos soldats en relief; Series VII: Sheet music: Sand Dunes
 

Enlistment posters, 1924-1957

Flat file folder 7**

Noury, Pierre, Troupes coloniales, [S.l.] : Imprimerie nationale, 1924

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 114 x 74 cm. on backing 119 x 79 cm.

Scope and Content Note

French troops in forest with North African and Southeast Asian architecture, and at the ocean with French flag, cannon and a steamship in the distance. Identical image to other Noury poster. Artwork dated 1923.
Flat file folder 6**

Danilo, Jeunes gens... allez aux colonies, Paris : Imp. Edia, [1925]

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 118 x 78 cm. on backing 123 x 80 cm.

Scope and Content Note

French soldier on camelback in North African city with Arab/Berber cavalry.
Flat file folder 7**

Noury, Pierre, Troupes coloniales, [S.l.] : Imprimerie nationale, 1926

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 118 x 77 cm. on backing 119 x 79 cm.

Scope and Content Note

French troops in forest with North African and Southeast Asian architecture, and at the ocean with French flag, cannon and a steamship in the distance. Identical image to other Noury poster: artwork dated 1923.
Flat file folder 8**

At[elier] Cob, Troupes coloniales : jeunes gens... allez aux colonies , [S.l.] : République française, Ministère de la guerre; Imp. Nationale, 1927

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 118 x 76 cm. on backing 122 x 80 cm.

Scope and Content Note

European soldiers on horse and camelback with North African and Black African attendants; display of flags and medals with leafy branches, with an anchor at the center; two views of agriculture, one of a European on a tractor, the other of a European overseeing Southeast Asian fieldworkers.
Flat file folder 5**

Troupes d'Afrique, si vous désirez voir l'Afrique du Nord... engagez-vous dans les régiments de zouaves, tirailleurs, chasseurs d'Afrique, spahis , [S.l.] : République française, Ministère de la guerre, 1927

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 120 x 80 cm.

Scope and Content Note

French and North African soldiers arrayed around a Moorish arch. Artist's signature illegible: seller's inventory attributes to "Ecof."
Roll 1**

J.M.P., Vie naturelle, sportive, aventureuse : engage-toi dans l'armée de l'air , [S.l.] : Édition du Secrétariat de l'information, [1941]

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 119 x 81 cm. on backing 126 x 88 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Soldier in khakis and shorts standing between two tree trunks, a cactus just behind him; in the distance a hangar, and an airplane overhead. Seller's inventory attributes to "Sogno."
Flat file folder 5**

La Croix, Veyron, Pour votre avenir et pour celui de la patrie, engagez-vous, rengagez-vous dans l'armée , [Vichy (France)?] : J. Demachy et Cie; Equipe Alain Fournier; Secrétariat de l'État à la guerre; Imp. Wallon-Vichy, [1942]

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 78 x 59 cm.

Scope and Content Note

French flag flying over the globe.
Flat file folder 6**

Breugnot, Jeunes, si vous avez le coeur d'un matelot, et celui d'un soldat... engagez-vous, rengagez-vous dans les Troupes coloniales , [S.l.] : Ateliers d'impression SLN, [1943]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 113 x 77 cm. on backing 118 x 81 cm.

Scope and Content Note

European soldier in boat by palm-studded beach, his shadow on the sail that of a sailor at the navigation wheel.
Flat file folder 4**

Engagez-vous, rengagez-vous dans l'armée blindée des Troupes coloniales , [Tarascon (France)] : Centre d'instruction colonial de Tarascon (Bouches-du-Rhône), [ca. 1950]

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 60 x 45 cm. on backing 68 x 54 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Tanks over the globe.
Flat file folder 5**

Douillet, J., Avec les Troupes coloniales vers des horizons nouveaux , Paris : E. Desfossés-Néogravure; Les Presses modernes; Pouzet et Cie, éditeurs, [1950]

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 59 x 40 cm.

Scope and Content Note

French flag flying over jungle riverbank.
Flat file folder 4**

Bouygues, L., Réponds à l'appel de l'Union française en servant dans les Troupes coloniales , [S.l.] : Bouygues, 1957

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 76 x 54 cm. on backing 84 x 60 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African drummers, European soldier, man on camel, tank, archer, with names of colonies printed on either side of the illustration.
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Military and conquest posters: Journée de l'armée de l'Afrique et des Troupes coloniales; Government and political propaganda: Waroquier, Journée organisée; Racist satire: Denay, Engagez-vous
 

Series IV.B.  Colonial expositions, 1894-1951

Physical Description: 13 items

Scope and Content Note

The subseries contains images from colonial expositions and is arranged chronologically by exposition.
Flat file folder 9**

Castellani, Ch., Les Amazones au combat de Dogba, Dahomey, [S.l.] : Exposition coloniale de Lyon, 1894

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 59 x 40 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Female African warrior charging while another lies slain; in the background more female warriors battle with male European troops.
See also: Military and conquest, Ethnographic images.
Roll 2**

Poilpot, Th., Panorama transatlantique, Algérie et Tunisie : Exposition universelle de 1900, Champ de Mars , Paris : Imprimerie Chaix; Ateliers Chéret, 1900

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 127 x 97 cm. on backing 131 x 97 cm.

Scope and Content Note

North African desert caravan: woman on foot with baby, man in white cloak with rifle, woman with children seated on large camelback howdah, many followers on foot and camelback.
See also: Ethnographic images
Flat file folder 10**

Dellepiane, D. [David], Exposition nationale coloniale : Marseille, 1922 : avril-novembre , [Marseille] : Imp. Moullot-Marseille, 1922

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 106 x 75 cm. on backing 112 x 80 cm.

Scope and Content Note

On a promontory stand two young women, one North African and one Southeast Asian, draped in a French flag which flutters in the breeze, while next to them a sitting African woman looks off to the side; behind them a view of an estuary and coastline with a steamship and a city (Marseille?) in the background. Artist's first name from Images et Colonies (1993), p. 130.
Flat file folder 10**

La Nezière, R. de, Exposition nationale coloniale : Marseille, 1922 : Grand prix , [Marseille] : Imp. Moullot-Marseille, 1922

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 54 x 69 cm. on backing 62 x 77 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Illustrated certificate : the colonized peoples of the French Empire gather around a dais upon which Justice, personified as a white woman in Grecian robes, sits enthroned with French flags and laurel, while another robed white woman holds up laurel wreaths before her; in the far background the towers of the Exposition, including the "tata colonial" or citadel of the French West Africa pavilion (see Prussin, Hatumere, p. 18).
Roll 2**

Bellenger, P., République française : Exposition coloniale internationale, 1931, Paris , Paris : Imp. Chaix, 1931

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 102 x 78 cm. on backing 127 x 84 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Stylized head of soldier in colonial helmet.
Roll 5**

Desmeures, Exposition coloniale internationale : Paris, 1931 : Le tour du monde en un jour , Paris : Robert Lang, éditeur, 1931

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 158 x 118 cm. on backing 166 x 126 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Tableau of four ethnic types - North African, Native American, African, Southeast Asian - before two architectural structures: to the left, a white watchtower flying the French flag, and to the right, pagodas with long needle-like finials.
See also: Ethnographic images.
Flat file folder 12**

Dransy, [Naja], Ferrovie francesi : visitate l'esposizione coloniale : Parigi, 1931 , [S.l.] : Etablts [Établissements] Vercasson, 1931

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 100 x 62 cm. on backing 100 x 67 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Josephine Baker in performance.
See also: Advertisements; Racist satire.
Flat file folder 11**

Saunier, J., Plan de l'Exposition coloniale internationale, 1931 , [S.l. : s.n.], 1931

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 39 x 51 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Site map of exposition.
See also: Maps.
Flat file folder 11**

Tournaire, A. [Albert], Plan de l'Exposition coloniale de Paris, [S.l.] : A. Tournaire, 1931

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 37 x 54 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Site map of exposition.
See also: Maps
Flat file folder 11**

Pelletier, G., Exposition coloniale internationale : plan officiel à vol d'oiseau , [Paris] : Éditions Ed. Blondel la Rougery, 1931

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 51 x 81 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Site map of exposition, showing pavilions.
See also: Maps.
Flat file folder 11**

Pinchon, E., Diplôme de collaborateur : Ministère des colonies, Exposition coloniale internationale, 1931 , [S.l.] : Hélio-Vaugirard, 1931

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 54 x 73 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Certificate made out to Paul Lefèvre, and illustrated as if depicting bas-relief done in a Deco or folk style. A tall woman in Grecian robes symbolizing France dominates the illustration; behind her are two friezes, the upper one showing a procession of colonized peoples with horses and an elephant, bearing the produce of their lands (ivory, cocoa pods, etc.), and the lower one showing architecture in the styles of North and West Africa, Southeast Asia and Europe.
Flat file folder 13**

Colin, Paul, Ministère des colonies : deuxième salon de la France d'outre-mer, Grand Palais, Paris, 22 nov[em]bre 10 déc[em]bre, 1939 , [Paris?] : Édition du Salon de la France d'outre-mer, 1939

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 98 x 62 cm. on backing 102 x 65 cm.

Scope and Content Note

French flag swirling over the ocean, with steamships in the background, and a crate surrounded by produce to be shipped faintly outlined in the foreground. Seller's inventory gives date as 1940.
Flat file folder 13**

Giordani, N., Afrique occidentale française : Abidjan du 4 au 11 février 1951 : IVème [quatrième] foire-exposition et ouverture du port , Paris : SEDEC, 1950

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 98 x 62 cm. on backing 102 x 66 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Steamship "Côte d'Ivoire" moored to a geographical representation of Abidjan harbor, with export produce piled up at lower left corner of poster.
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Algeria and Algerian centennial: Santos, Centenaire de l'Algérie, Exposition d'Oran; Advertisements: Hippodrome; Advertisements: Tinayre, Dioramas sur l'expédition de Madagascar; Advertisements: Grande Fête Kermesse; Advertisements: Les noces de sable
 

Series IV.C.  Propaganda, 1880-1967

Physical Description: 34 items

Scope and Content Note

The subseries contains: Government and political propaganda, 1917-1962; Economic propaganda, 1918-1958; Missionary propaganda, ca. 1935; Almanach national de France, 1880-1886; and Maps, 1894-1867.
 

Government and political propaganda, 1917-1962

Flat file folder 18**

Waroquier, H. de [Henry de], Journée organisée sur l'initiative du gouvernement au profit des oeuvres d'assistance (...) de l'Armée d'Afrique et des Troupes coloniales, 10 juin 1917 , [S.l.] : Crété Imp., 1917

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 120 x 79 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Text with border of stylized botanical motifs. Poster backed.
See also: Military and conquest; Enlistment posters.
Flat file folder 16**

Hoffner, L., Les realités de la guerre sur mer, Paris : Imp. Artque Ste des Etablts Minot, 1918

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 62 x 50 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Pictorial scale representation of Allied shipping tonnage built and destroyed, and Axis submarines sunk, during the years of World War I. Seller's inventory attributes to the "Ligue maritime et coloniale française" (LMC).
Flat file folder 18**

N'oubliez pas Oran, [Vichy?] : [Service de l'information de Vichy], [1940] or [1942]

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 116 x 86 cm. on backing 121 x 92 cm.

Scope and Content Note

European wounded in head, swimming and holding French flag up out of the water, while ships burn in the distance. Seller's inventory notes: "Affiche de Vichy - la première sur l'Empire," and gives date as 1942. Publisher information cited from Images et Colonies (1993), p. 186, which gives date as 1940.
Flat file folder 17**

Fort, Jean, [Dividing Africa : Roosevelt and Churchill], Paris: Bedos et Cie. Imp., [1942]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 80 x 199 cm. on backing 86 x 125 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Caricatures of Roosevelt and Churchill playing tug-of-war over the continent of Africa. Untitled; seller's inventory titles as "Le partage d'Afrique," and notes: "Affiche d'origine allemande - propagande en France."
Flat file folder 15**

[Castel], Eric, Ils vous donnent du pain, donnez-leur de quoi se vêtir : Journée nationale nord-africaine de collecte des textiles, 28 mai 1942 , [S.l.] : Éditions Ministère de l'information, 1942

Physical Description:

1 print: lithograph, color; 79 x 59 cm. on backing 85 x 65 cm.

Scope and Content Note

North African man dressed in rags, next to bundle of wheat stalks, while in the foreground a hand offers cloth. Artist's last name from Images et colonies ( 1993) , p. 205.
Flat file folder 16**

This man is your friend, Ethiopian : he fights for freedom , [S.l.] : US Government Printing Office, 1942

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph with stenciling, color; 51 x 37 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African or African-American soldier blowing bugle. Seller's inventory notes: "diffusée dans l'Empire - France libre."
Flat file folder 15**

Rorebour, Aujourd'hui adhérez à la LMC [Ligue maritime et coloniale], demain l'empire sera prospère , [S.l.] : L'édition publicitaire, [1943]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 59 x 39 cm. on backing 65 x 45 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Profile of strong young African man with heavy earring, the colors of the French flag shaded in the background.
Roll 3**

[Chazeaud, Jacques],

Regards sur l'Afrique, [S.l.] : Affiches Gaillard, 1944

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 159 x 113 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African mother and child and veiled Tuareg men, one on camel, one on foot with shield and spear, superimposed over map of French Africa with French flag flying above. Poster for a 1944 propaganda documentary film by Roger Verdier. Artist cited in Images et Colonies ( 1993) , p. 191.
See also: Advertisements, Maps.
Flat file folder 15**

Êtes-vous complice? Sauvons l'Algérie française , [S.l.] : Front national de combattants, [1957]

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph with stenciling, color; 58 x 37 cm. on backing 66 x 45 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Photograph of dead children lying on pillows on the ground. Caption: "Massacre des enfants de la Mine d'El Halia, 29 août 1955."
Flat file folder 14**

Ranem, M., Oui, [S.l. : s.n.], [1961]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 99 x 65 cm. on backing 100 x 71 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Enlarged halftone image of De Gaulle, with tricolor band and ornate floral border, and "Oui" written in French and Arabic. Presumably a poster for the independence referendum held in Algeria on 1962 July 1, though see Garanger, Marc, La guerre d'Algérie, p. 41, for a photograph dated 1961 May of this poster in a cafe.
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Military and conquest posters: Journée de l'armée de l'Afrique et des Troupes coloniales; Military and conquest: Oh! non, pas la baïonnette!; Maps: Charaire, Petit journal; Maps: Charaire, Mappemonde; Maps: Ligue maritime coloniale, l'empire mondial de la France; Maps: Laboulais, Congo Belge; Series VI: Toys and games: Jeu des échanges; Series VI: Toys and games: Jeu de l'Empire français
 

Economic propaganda, 1918-1958

Flat file folder 23**

Romberg [or Romberq?], Maurice, Compagnie algérienne: Emprunt de la libération, Paris : Devambez Imp., 1918

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 118 x 79 cm. on backing 121 x 83 cm.

Scope and Content Note

North African warrior on horseback.
Flat file folder 23**

Villaire, Henri, Compagnie algérienne: Emprunt national, Paris : Devambez, Imp., 1920

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 118 x 77 cm. on backing 123 x 82 cm.

Scope and Content Note

North Africans with herd of sheep waiting at dockside during loading of steamboat.
Flat file folder 20**

Prost, Gaston, Ministère des colonies: Le cacao des colonies françaises, Paris : Imp. de Vaugirard, [1930]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 81 x 60 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Pictures of the cocoa flower, fruit and tree, and views of chocolate growing, processing and consumption. Seller's inventory gives publisher as "CMMR."
See also: Series VI: Toys and games, Cacao "Barry".
Flat file folder 21**

Ministère des colonies, Thé d'Indochine, thé français , [S.l.] : MMR, [1930]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 81 x 60 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Pictures of the tea leaf, flower and bush, views of tea picking, processing and consumption, a map of Indochina, and illustrations of tea as part of different meals.
Flat file folder 22**

Falcucci, La France continue : souscrivez aux bons du trésor , St. Ouen (France) : Gaston Maillet et Cie; Service de propagande; Ministère des finances, 1942

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 60 x 79 cm. on backing 64 x 84 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Dam under construction, steamship "Maréchal Pétain," West African mud-brick building (the Sankore Mosque at Timbuktu?) and train "Transsaharien."
Flat file folder 19**

Bresson, R., [Vélo-moto, Gare d'Afrique], [S.l.] : MDI, [ca. 1950]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph, color; 56 x 76 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two-sided poster: bicyclist and motorcyclist riding on road with African village in distance; on verso, African train station with thronging Africans. Untitled; devised title taken from seller's inventory.
See also: Ethnographic images; Series V: Toys and Games.
Flat file folder 19**

Reynaud [?], Emprunt 6% 1951 : Electricité gaz d'Algérie , Algiers: P. Vrillon, editeur; Latypo-Litho et J. Carbonel, [1951]

Physical Description: 1 print : screen print, color; 79 x 58 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Snake charmer under electrical power lines.
Flat file folder 19**

Berney-Forien, Bons 1955 à 10 ans : 6% émis par l'Algérie , [Algiers] : Imp. Baconnier, 1955

Physical Description: 1 print : screen print, color; 80 x 60 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Large orange "6%" with gushing oil derrick superimposed.
Flat file folder 19**

Quelques produits africains : café, arachide, cacao, coton, bananes, riz, manioc, caoutchouc, sisal, mil , Paris : Diloutremer, [1958]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 65 x 46 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Views of agricultural production with captions.
Flat file folder 22**

Reynaud [?], Bons d'équipement algérien à 4 ans , Algiers : Pierre Vrillon, éditeur; Imp. "La Typo-Litho et J. Carbonel," [1958]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 84 x 62 cm. on backing 92 x 70 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Striking view of pier, train locomotive, steamship, and coastline as seen from crane operator's cab far above ground. Seller's inventory attribues to "Valon."
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Maps: Afrique noire francophone; Maps: Agriculture, mines et industrie
 

Missionary propaganda, ca. 1935

Box 24*, Folder 6

Oeuvre de la Sainte Enfance, Paris : F. Norin imp., [ca. 1935]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 25 x 33 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Scenes showing the Catholic Church's work in the colonies with Southeast Asian and African children. Seller's inventory states: "affichette religieuse diffusée dans les églises de la France."
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Series VI: Toys and games: Le Tipoye du Gabon
Box 24*, Folder 1

Almanach national de France, 1880-1886

Box 24*, Folder 1

Petit almanach national pour 1880, Paris: Imp. Monrocq, 1880

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 50 x 33 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two women in Grecian robes before French flag, offering a hammer to a man standing before an anvil; next to him, a soldier's coat, cap and rifle; before the anvil, symbols of French culture: military medals, an artist's palette, books, sheet music, machine gears, wheat, grapes, and other objects; to the left, an infantry man in Zouave uniform with bayonet, French cavalry coming up behind; and in the background, beyond a stretch of water, a Moorish city labeled "Algérie" and an Asian city labeled "Colonies."
Box 24*, Folder 1

Almanach national de France, 1884, Paris: Imp. Monrocq, 1884

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 33 x 51 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Winged woman in red Grecian robes symbolizing France, with small child at her feet inscribing on a piece of paper "Tunis, Tamatave, Huë"; beneath them, scrolls with the words "Chanzy - Gambetta - Rivière" and "1870 - Strasbourg - Metz"; in the background scenes of war and conquest. Paper delicate; chips torn out from mid-sheet.
Box 24*, Folder 1

Régamey, Frédéric, Almanach national de France, 1885, Paris: Typographie E. Plon, Nourrit et Cie., 1885

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 35 x 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Soldier and sailor standing side by side.
Box 24*, Folder 1

Régamey, Frédéric, Almanach national de France, 1886, Paris: Typographie E. Plon, Nourrit et Cie., 1886

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 38 x 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Soldier and sailor standing side by side. Paper delicate; upper right corner torn away.
 

Maps, 1894-1867

Flat file folder 24**

Du Sénégal à Tombouctou , [S.l. : s.n.], 1894

Physical Description: 1 print : line block, 41 x 60 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Map of towns and regions along the Senegal and Niger Rivers, from the coast to Timbuktu.
Roll 3**

Charaire, Le Petit journal : La France et ses colonies, [Sceaux (France)] : Charaire à Sceaux, [1897]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph and offset lithograph, color; 96 x 110 cm. on backing 104 x 118 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Large map of France with inset maps of the principal cities, surrounded by a perimeter of maps of all the colonies with their land area and population statistics; views of Algiers, Tunis, Phnom Penh and Tananarive; and images of people from various colonies.
See also : Ethnographic images; Government and political propaganda.
Roll 3**

Charaire, E., Le Petit journal: Mappemonde, Paris ; Sceaux (France) : E. Charaire, [1899]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 94 x 111 cm. on backing 101 x 118 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Maps of the Western and Eastern hemispheres with six landscapes, and costumes of the inhabitants of different regions of the globe.
See also : Ethnographic images; Government and political propaganda.
Flat file folder 25**

Compagnie Fabre et Fraissinet, Lignes de Marseille à la côte occidentale d'Afrique , Paris: Imp. Gaillac; Monrocq et Cie., [ca. 1930]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 112 x 79 cm. on backing 120 x 87 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Map of West Africa and Europe, with flags and a steamship.
See also: Advertisements; Travel posters.
Flat file folder 25**

Ligue maritime et coloniale française, L'Empire mondial de la France, [S.l.] : Éditions L'Atlantique, [1939]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 79 x 119 cm. on backing 85 x 125 cm.

Scope and Content Note

World map with French colonies in red, with photos of ports, economic production and scenic views from the colonies, statistics on the French Empire, and a drawing of colonized peoples offering produce to a European official with writing pad, with the caption "Les colonies apportent leurs ressources à la mère patrie."
See also: Government and political propaganda.
Flat file folder 24**

Laboulais, Congo Belge, offert par la Banque de la Société générale de Belgique , [S.l.] : Éditions de Visscher, 1949

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 111 x 84 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Map of Belgian Congo surrounded by other countries, a decorative border and scenes of village life with hut and artifacts at bottom. Seller's inventory gives publication year as 1956.
See also: Government and political propaganda; Ethnographic images.
Box 24*, Folder 2

Carte touristique des escales de la régie Air Afrique : toute l'Afrique en six jours , [S.l.] : Création Lavarde-Chem, 1952

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 32 x 24 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Map of Africa showing several travel itineraries, from Paris to Tananarive.
See also: Travel posters; Advertisements.
Flat file folder 24**

Afrique noire francophone et Madagascar : carte physique et politique , Paris: Diloutremer, [ca. 1958]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph, color; 66 x 88 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Maps of Africa, West Africa and Madagascar; photographs of scenery and ethnic types.
See also : Economic propaganda
Flat file folder 24**

Agriculture, mines et industrie : exportations, importations , Paris: Diloutremer, [1967]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 88 x 66 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Maps of West Africa and Madagascar showing their products; pie charts showing imports and exports.
See also: Economic propaganda
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Government and political propaganda: Chazeaud, Regards sur l'Afrique.
 

Series IV.D.  Travel posters, 1929-1957

Physical Description: 13 items

Scope and Content Note

The subseries contains posters of West Africa, ca. 1952-1956; Algeria and the Algerian centennial, 1929-1957; and Morocco and Tunisia, 1935-1953.
Flat file folder 26-27**

West Africa, ca. 1952-1956

Flat file folder 27**

Cras, Monique, Afrique noire française : Office nationale du tourisme de la France d'outremer , Roquevaire, B.-du-R. [Bouches-du-Rhône] (France): "La Lithotyp," [ca. 1952]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 102 x 66 cm. on backing 108 x 72 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Stylized renderings of an African head with face paint and jewelry, a dancer with a tall giraffe mask, dancers with flaring capes, a herd of elephants, a man on a canoe, a depiction of West African clay-brick architecture, boats on the water, and tall trees.
Flat file folder 27**

Visitez l'A.O.F. [Afrique occidentale française] : renseignements, Bureau du tourisme de la délégation [de l'Afrique occidentale française] , Paris: Diloutremer; Dakar: [...]cault, [ca. 1954]

Physical Description:

1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 93 x 61 cm. on backing 98 x 67 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African drummer with geographic depiction to two travel itineraries: one from Dakar to Abidjan, the other from Bamako and Timbuktu ("Tombouctou") to Cotonou. Poster cut down on bottom. Images et Colonies ( 1993), p. 240, gives editor as "Syndicat d'initiative et de tourisme de l'AOF."
Flat file folder 26**

Colin, Paul, [Cape buffalo with pride of lions], [S.l.] : Dir. Art. Jean Carlu; Imp. Courbet, [1956]

Physical Description:

1 print : lithograph, color; 76 x 62 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Horned Cape buffalo in foreground, pride of lions in background. Poster badly torn at top, and irregularly shaped. Seller's inventory titles as "Afrique: le monde animal."
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Maps: Compagnie Fabre et Fraissinet; Maps: Carte touristique des escales de la régie Air Afrique.
Flat file folder 28-29**

Algeria & Algerian centennial, 1929-1957

Flat file folder 28**

Cauvy, L. [Léon], Centenaire de l'Algérie, 1830-1930 : du 1er janvier au 30 juin , Algiers: Imp. Baconnier; Commissariat Général du centenaire de l'Algérie, 1929

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 104 x 75 cm. on backing 109 x 78 cm.

Scope and Content Note

View of dark-skinned North Africans sitting at wharfside, with boats being unloaded and city in background.
Flat file folder 28**

Dormoy, L'Algérie, 1830-1930 : pays de grande production agricole , Paris: Éditions publicitaires Henri Dormoy, 1929

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 106 x 75 cm. on backing 113 x 80 cm.

Scope and Content Note

View of fertile fields with crops stretching to the sea, one field being plowed by tractor; a European colonist and turbaned North African man standing to the right; and produce in the foreground: grapes, wheat, tomatoes, citrus and olives.
Flat file folder 28**

Santos, Centenaire de l'Algérie : janvier-juin 1930 ; Exposition d'Oran : avril-mai 1930 , Algiers: Affiches Jules Carbonel, 1930

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 119 x 78 cm. on backing 123 x 81 cm.

Scope and Content Note

European colonist with his arm around a turbaned North African man; in the distance a city (Oran?) with bay and coastline.
See also: Colonial expositions.
Flat file folder 29**

Irriera, Roger, Touggourt, Algiers: Lith. Baconnier; Chemins de fer algériens de l'État, 1930

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 101 x 60 cm. on backing 107 x 66 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Veiled Tuareg man on caparisoned camel, desert city in background; identical artwork to "Le Sud algérien."
Flat file folder 29**

Irriera, Roger, Le Sud algérien, Algiers: Imp. Baconnier; CFA [Chemins de Fer Algériens], 1937

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 98 x 61 cm. on backing 103 x 65 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Veiled Tuareg man on caparisoned camel, desert city in background: identical artwork to "Touggourt."
Flat file folder 29**

Nouen, Guy, Algérie, pays de lumière , Algiers: Imp. Baconnier; Office algérien d'action économique et touristique [OFALAC]; CFA [Chemins de fer algériens], 1947

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 99 x 59 cm. on backing 104 x 64 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Veiled North African woman, tattooed on forehead, with white city and palm trees superposed.
Flat file folder 29**

Mercier, A.L., Algérie, pays de la qualité Algiers: Imp. Baconnier Frères; Office algérien d'action économique et touristique; Gouvernement général de l'Algérie; CFA [Chemins de fer algériens], [1957]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 97 x 60 cm. on backing 102 x 68 cm.

Scope and Content Note

North African woman in white robes holding basket of produce: grapes, dates, citrus, tomatoes, and wheat.
Flat file folder 30**

Morocco and Tunisia, 1935-1953

Flat file folder 30**

Bellenger, P., Visitez la Tunisie, Paris: Imp. Gaillac-Monrocq & Cie; PLM, 1935

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 98 x 61 cm. on backing 101 x 64 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Veiled, blue-eyed North African woman; in the background Islamic architecture, a Roman coliseum, North Africans travelling by camel across the desert, and speeding automobiles.
Flat file folder 30**

Viano, Maroc, Cie [Compagnie] de Navigation Paquet [Marseille] : Moullot-Marseille, [1937]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 98 x 61 cm. on backing 106 x 69 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Profile of bearded, turbaned North African man. Seller's inventory gives artist's name as "Vianot."
Flat file folder 30**

Delval, H., Maroc, Rabat: Office marocain du tourisme; Gaillard Maroc, [1953]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 100 x 60 cm. on backing 106 x 66 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Overhead view of shepherd in burnoose with flock of sheep by small building (a marabout shrine?), in the shadow of a minaret.
 

Series IV.E.  Advertisements, 1892-1957

Physical Description: 10 items

Scope and Content Note

Prints advertising events and products.
Flat file folder 31**

Levy, Ch., Folies-Bergère tous les soirs : les Marionettes minstrels , [S.l. : s.n.], [1892]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 58 x 42 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Orchestra of seven African or African American men, with musical instruments and one woman singing, on stage before an audience of whites.
See also: Racist satire.
Roll 4**

Hippodrome, Paris: Imprimerie Chaix; [Ateliers] Chéret, [1896]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 121 x 86 cm. on backing 127 x 92 cm.

Scope and Content Note

A scene of a "fantasia", or Arab cavalcade: musicians and dancers in foreground; numerous North African horsemen galloping to the right while European cavalry stands guard to the left; in the background the walls and skyline of a Moorish city.
See also: Travel posters; Military and conquest; Colonial expositions.
For postcards depicting a fantasia, see Series I, Box 2, Folder 20; see Series V, Box 5, Folder 77 for a ticket to a fantasia held during the Paris 1931 Colonial Exposition.
Roll 1**

Tinayre, Louis, Dioramas sur l'expédition de Madagascar : Palais de l'industrie, porte 5 , [Paris] : Imp. Charles Verneau, [1899]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 131 x 97 cm. on backing 137 x 103 cm.

Scope and Content Note

African soldier with bayonet standing on grassland, military encampment with tents behind him.
See also: Military and conquest; Colonial expositions.
Flat file folder 32**

Place des Vosges, 25 juin 1905 : Gde [Grande] fête kermesse de jour et de nuit au profit de la caisse des orphelins : Société générale de l'orphelinat des sous-agents des postes, télégraphes, téléphones et ouvriers commissionnés de France et des colonies , Paris: Imp. Ch. Wall et Cie, 1905

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 81 x 60 cm. on backing 87 x 66 cm.

Scope and Content Note

European woman robed in blue with three European children of varying ages; a movie projector and letters sealed with wax; poles with electrical (telegraph or telephone?) wires, along which are strung medallions containing likenesses of five ethnic types: North African, Asian, European, African and Native American.
See also: Ethnographic images; Colonial expositions.
Box 24*, Folder 3

Mazenod, L., Papel de fumar Zig-Zag : la marca la más acreditada en el mundo , Toulouse; Paris: B. Sirven, imp. édit., [1920]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 41 x 26 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Advertisement for cigarette paper, showing bearded North African man lighting cigarette.
Box 24*, Folder 3

Dandrieux, G., Ets [Établissements] Cabrol & Baissette, Fabrique de Fez : Labruguière (Tarn), France , Paris: Imp. Joseph-Charles, [1920]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 35 x 25 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Fez advertisement, showing five African men wearing fezzes.
See also: Racist satire.
Flat file folder 33**

La Tribune Républicaine, 27 janvier 1935 : Le secret de l'empoisonneuse ; Grand concours : Combien cette bouteille de Dubonnet contient-elle de grains de riz d'Indochine? , [S.l.] : Affiches "La Tribune", [1935]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 119 x 82 cm. on backing 124 x 87 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Magazine poster advertising mystery novel as well as contest with 500,000 franc prize. Illustration shows a bottle of Dubonnet partly filled with rice, a hand dropping a grain of rice into the bottle, and silhouettes of Southeast Asian rice workers.
Roll 5**

Allard, G.; Ateliers J. Fourastié, Studio Maghreb présente : Les noces de sable , [S.l.] : Impressions FOG, [1949]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 161 x 119 cm. on backing 173 x 125 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Kneeling female dancer with long skirt and Berber jewelry, a winged horse above her, under a multi-lobed Moorish archway. Poster information reads: "texte écrit et dit par Jean Cocteau."
See also: Colonial expositions.
Roll 4**

[Morvan, Hervé], Banania, le petit déjeuner familial : y'a bon , [S.l.] : Etbs. [Établissements] de la Vasselais, [ca. 1955]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 155 x 119 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Caricature of an African wearing a fez, lifting a steaming cup to his mouth. Seller's inventory attributes to Hervé Morvan.
See also: Racist satire.
Flat file folder 32**

Fix-Masseau, P. [Pierre], Bronzez votre moteur avec Antar-Graphite : comme moi il supportera toutes les températures , [S.l.] : Éditions Vox Publicité, [1957]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 79 x 60 cm. on backing 85 x 66 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Caricature of black man in mechanic's overalls holding up a container of Antar-Graphite motor oil.
See also: Racist satire.
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Colonial expositions, Paris, 1931: Dransy, Ferrovie francesi (Josephine Baker); Government and political propaganda: Chazeaud, Regards sur l'Afrique; Maps: Compagnie Fabre et Fraissinet; Maps: Carte touristique des escales de la régie Air Afrique; Series VI: Toys and games: Prise de Constantine en 1837; Series VI: Toys and games: Construction d'un ksour; Series VII: Sheet music: Yes! We have no bananas; Series VII: Sheet music: Sand dunes; Series VII: Sheet music: Imádom a néger zenét: Shimmy Blues
 

Series IV.F.  Racist satire, 1890-ca. 1938

Physical Description: 7 items

Scope and Content Note

Prints with racist themes and images.
Box 24*, Folder 4

Comment se font les découvertes, [Épinal (France)] : Pellerin et Cie, imp.-édit.; Imagerie d'Épinal, [1890]

Physical Description: 1 print : stereotype, color; 39 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Comic strip about the American engineer Hyatt, who invents an unstainable fabric after a series of mishaps caused by his clumsy black servant Cambo.
Box 24*, Folder 4

Les faux sauvages, [Épinal (France)] : Pellerin et Cie, imp.-édit.; Imagerie d'Épinal, [ca. 1891]

Physical Description: 1 print: stereotype, color; 39 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Comic strip about two European men who put on blackface and impersonate natives of New Zealand, in order to participate in a circus act.
Box 24*, Folder 4

Remède contre le spleen, [Épinal (France)] : Pellerin et Cie, imp.-édit.; Imagerie d'Épinal, [1892]

Physical Description: 1 print : stereotype, color; 39 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Comic strip about an English millionaire afflicted with melancholy, who is cured after a trip to the Tropics, where he is kidnapped by natives amidst other adventures.
Box 24*, Folder 4

Types militaires, [Épinal (France)] : Pellerin et Cie, imp.-édit.; Imagerie d'Épinal, [ca. 1892]

Physical Description: 1 print : stereotype, color; 39 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Caricatures of soldiers of all nations, including "Soldat nègre."
See also: Military.
Flat file folder 34**

Rapide décision ; Jim Pruno fait de la boxe ; Le voleur volé ; Un peu myope ; Une bonne idée ; Médor rend le bien pour le mal ; Changement de monture , [Épinal (France)] : Image d'Épinal, [ca. 1910]

Physical Description: 1 print : stereotype, color; 42 x 59 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Comic strips on broadside.
Box 24*, Folder 4

Denay, Pierre [?], Engagez-vous dans les Troupes coloniales, [1920]

Physical Description: 1 painting : ink and watercolor; 36 x 27 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Original poster prototype for a parody of conventional Enlistment posters: caricatures of colonial soldiers fraternizing with bare-breasted African women, portrayed grotesquely in native costume, together with tropical foliage, a colonial helmet with anchor, a barracks building, a portion of a Dear Jane letter ("Ma cher [sic] Ugeni...") and other implements such as pipes, bottles, a cup, a jar labeled "Singe" (Monkey) and a sword.
See also: Military and conquest; Enlistment posters; Ethnographic images.
Flat file folder 34**

Lion, R., L'esprit du milieu : y'a bon ici, [ca. 1938]

Physical Description: 1 painting : ink, watercolor and gouache; 85 x 50 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Original poster prototype: European minister in tree house, African man sitting at outside desk. Seller's inventory titles as "Un ministre en Afrique."
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Colonial expositions, Paris, 1931: Dransy, Ferrovie francesi (Josephine Baker); Advertisements: Folies Bergere, Marionettes Minstrels; Advertisements: Dandrieux, Fabrique de Fez; Advertisements: Morvan, Banania; Advertisements: Fix-Masseau, Antar-Graphite; Series VI: Toys and Games: Phosphatine Falières, Chanteur Bambara, Labour riz du marécage; Series VII: Sheet music: Yes! We have no bananas; Series VII: Sheet music: Imádom a néger zenét: Shimmy Blues
 

Series IV.G.  Ethnographic images, 1890-1895

Physical Description: 2 items

Scope and Content Note

Images of ethnic and tribal "types."
Box 24*, Folder 5

Rakotouko, [Portrait of a Malagasy woman], [1890]

Physical Description: 1 painting : watercolor; 32 x 25 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Seller's inventory titles: "Portrait d'une femme malgache."
Box 24*, Folder 5

Types guerriers et tribus sauvages de l'Afrique, Jarville-Nancy (France): Imageries Marcel Vagné, [ca. 1895]

Physical Description: 1 print : stereotype, color; 41 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Six rows of eight figures each (except for the top row, of six figures), showing warriors from a wide range of African tribes including Zoulou [Zulu], Kabyle, Diola, Hova, and many others. All but two of the figures are given in identical pairs.
See also: Military and conquest.
For images thematically related to this subseries, see also: Military and conquest: Armée du Sultan, Troupes marocains à cheval; Colonial expositions, Lyon, 1894: Castellani, Les Amazones; Colonial expositions, Paris, 1900: Poilpot, Panorama transatlantique; Colonial expositions, Paris, 1931: Desmeures, Le tour du monde en un jour; Economic propaganda: Bresson, Vélo-Moto; Maps: Charaire, Petit journal; Maps: Charaire, Mappemonde; Maps: Laboulais, Congo Belge; Advertisements: Grande Fête Kermesse; Racist satire: Denay, Engagez-vous; Series VI: Toys and games: Nos soldats en relief; Series VI: Toys and games: Vieille maison mauresque à Tunis; Series VI: Toys and games: A découper, monter, sans collage : La Guinée; Series VI: Toys and Games: Phosphatine Falières, Chanteur Bambara, Labour riz du marécage; Series VII: Sheet music: Sand dunes
 

Series V.   Printed ephemera, ca. 1900-ca. 1975

Physical Description: 234 items and 5 albums

Scope and Content Note

This series contains a wide variety of printed ephemera, including advertising and collecting cards (for cigarettes, chocolate and other consumer products), stickers, tickets, book jackets, maximum cards, first day covers, illustrated menus, school notebook covers, and contest reply cards. Of particular interest are the advertising and collecting cards, reproduced by several printing processes including chromolithography and offset lithography, and which are characterized by vividly colored designs featuring images of individual colonies, indigenous peoples, and colonial conquest. The series also features five examples of collecting card albums into which these cards could be assembled, which were produced by the same companies for further promotion of their products.
The series is arranged in three subseries: V.A. Advertising cards, badges, stickers and tickets, ca. 1900-1957; V.B. Advertising card albums, ca. 1920-ca. 1975; V.C. Other assorted printed ephemera, ca. 1950-1960.
 

Series V.A.  Advertising cards, badges, stickers and tickets, ca. 1900-1957

Physical Description: 151 items

Scope and Content Note

Consists primarily of collectible cards and stickers given away with products. All cards are undated; publication information has been omitted from this finding aid.
Box 5, Folder 51

Au bon Marché, Arrivée d'une mission; Les présents

Physical Description:

2 advertising cards : chromolithographs; 12 x 8 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards depict the arrival of a military mission offering gifts to African warriors.
Box 5, Folder 52

C. Beriot; Protez-Delâtre; Casiez Bourgeois; Duroyon & Ramette, [Chicory cards]

Physical Description:

4 advertising cards : chromolithographs; 7 x 11 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Depictions of a military assault on a Hova fort; a Tuareg; a Zouave; and an African woman trying to prevent the departure of her white lover.
Box 5, Folder 53

Chocolat de Guyenne; Chocolat express Grondard; Chocolat parisien, [Chocolate cards]

Physical Description:

3 advertising cards : chromolithographs;11 x 7 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Depictions of Tirailleurs sénégalais, a zouave, and a European colonial soldier.
Box 5, Folder 54

Épicerie parisienne H. Provost; Au Gagne-petit; Crème express Ch. Jux, [Store advertising cards]

Physical Description:

3 advertising cards : chromolithographs; 9 x 11 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Caricatures of Africans in European dress, and one view of camels in Egypt.
Box 5, Folder 55

Société générale des cirages français; La Kabiline, [Wax & Dye cards]

Physical Description:

2 advertising cards : chromolithographs; 11 x 7 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Depictions of a "Goum arabe" (Arab war party) and of a Tunisian hat weaver.
Box 5, Folder 56

Naja Tabac d'Orient; Marokko; Huile d'arachide, [Tobacco and peanut oil advertisements]

Physical Description:

3 advertisements : chromolithograph, lithograph, offset lithograph, color; 16 x 7 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Advertisements show an African man in fez carrying an oversize packet of cigarettes; a man in Zouave uniform smoking a cigar; and a caricatured African maid holding a bottle of peanut oil.
Box 5, Folder 57

Journée de l'Armée d'Afrique et des Troupes coloniales; Journée nationale des tuberculeux, [Paper badges]

Physical Description:

3 badges : chromolithographs; 7 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Designed to be fastened to clothing, the badges bear portraits of African and European soldiers; one badge still has part of its tricolor ribbon attached.
Box 5, Folder 58

Troupes coloniales, [Recruitment and military instruction cards]

Physical Description:

6 cards : line block, lithographs, offset lithographs, some color; 15 x 10 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Cards show military and exotic scenes with maps of the French African and Indochinese colonies; a recruitment card for the Troupes coloniales; and two cards from "L'école du soldat" show a stick-figure soldier performing military drill commands and positions.
Box 5, Folder 59

Eckstein Halpaus, Dresden; Waldorf-Astoria, Das Reichsheer und seine Tradition; Deutsche Kolonien [Cigarette cards]

Physical Description:

4 collecting cards : offset lithographs, color; 6 x 5 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cigarette cards depict actions of the Reichsheer (Imperial German Army) in the German African colonies.
Box 5, Folder 60

Biscuits Pernot, Tirailleurs algériens en reconnaisance ; Cafrerie, construction d'une hutte

Physical Description:

2 collecting cards : chromolithographs; 12 x 9 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards show a military scene and Africans constructing a hut.
Box 5, Folder 61

Établissements Jacquemaire, [Blécao and Blédine collecting cards]

Physical Description:

6 collecting cards : chromolithographs, offset lithographs, color; 7 x 11 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Cards for the beverages Blécao and Blédine show cartoon-like exotic scenes, mainly of the Near East, including views of camels.
Box 5, Folder 62

Chocolaterie d'Aiguebelle, [Chocolate cards]

Physical Description:

12 collecting cards : chromolithographs; 10 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards depict French military and conquest scenes; one card shows a map of the Sahara marked with the French spheres of influence. (The "Chocolaterie d'Aiguebelle" is possibly associated with the Abbaye d'Aiguebelle, a Cistercian abbey in Grignan, France.)
Box 5, Folder 63

Chocolat Louit; Tapioca Louit, [Chocolate and tapioca cards]

Physical Description:

3 collecting cards : chromolithographs, lithograph, color; 11 x 7 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Cards depict a colony (Madagascar), a military surrender, and an 18th century Frenchman being served at table by a monkey.
Box 5, Folder 64

Chocolat Poulain, [Chocolate cards]

Physical Description:

8 collecting cards : chromolithographs; 11 x 7 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Cards from several series depict unusual tropical plants, the military surrender of Abd-el-Kader, and a card describing Trinidad.
Box 5, Folder 65

Chocolat Suchard, [Chocolate cards]

Physical Description:

6 collecting cards : chromolithograph, offset lithographs, b&w, some color; 10 x 6 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards depict people of the French colonies, with one chromolithograph card depicting Dahomey (Benin).
Box 5, Folder 66

Chocolat Touraine, [Chocolate cards]

Physical Description:

2 collecting cards : chromolithographs; 7 x 13 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards commemorate Galiéni and Livingstone.
Box 5, Folder 67

Compagnie Liebig, Insectes du Congo nuisibles à l'agriculture

Physical Description:

6 collecting cards : offset lithographs, color; 7 x 11 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards illustrate agricultural pests, and show scenes of African field-workers.
Box 5, Folder 68

[Compagnie Liebig], Véritable extrait de viande Liebig [Collecting cards]

Physical Description:

15 collecting cards : chromolithographs; 7 x 11 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards depict scenes of various French colonies, especially Madagascar, with one card showing mouth ornaments worn by African and Eskimo women.
Box 5, Folder 69

Produits du Lion noir, Colonies françaises

Physical Description:

17 collecting cards : offset lithographs, color ; 9 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Set of cards, each dedicated to a single French colony: the recto shows a map, people and scenes, while the verso bears a short description of the colony.
Box 5, Folder 70

[Collecting cards]

Physical Description:

5 collecting cards : chromolithographs; 11 x 8 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Depictions of soldiers; women processing sugar cane in Martinique; a vanilla worker; and a card describing Côte d'Ivoire. No advertisers identified.
Box 5, Folder 71

Vin de Frileuse

Grand'mere Frileuse ; Papa Frileuse ; Maman Frileuse ; Mademoiselle Frileuse ; Bébé Frileuse

Physical Description:

5 collecting cards : lithographs, color; 9 x 6 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards depict cartoon African family members.
Box 5, Folder 72

Vin de Frileuse, [Card game]

Physical Description:

19 playing cards : lithographs, color; 9 x 6 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Card game depicting the origins of the tonic beverage Vin de Frileuse. Seller's inventory titles as "Jeu de 7 familles."
Box 5, Folder 73

Chocolat d'Aiguebelle; Chocolat Cémoi, Sénégal Spahi; Antilope cheval

Physical Description:

2 stickers : 8 x 5 cm. or smaller

Scope and Content Note

Stickers show a "Spahi sénégalais" and an antelope hunt.
Box 5, Folder 74

Engagez-vous, rengagez-vous dans les Troupes coloniales ; Bataillon sénégalais de Tombouctou ; Centenaire des Troupes africaines, 1857-1957

Physical Description:

4 stickers : 8 x 8 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

French military propaganda and enlistment stickers.
Box 5, Folder 75

Exposition nationale coloniale, Marseille, 1922

Physical Description:

4 stickers on one sheet : 14 x 6 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Four conjoined stickers depict people of the colonies.
Box 5, Folder 76

Rubantex, Stock service à votre service

Physical Description:

2 stickers on one backing : 12 x 7 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Stickers depict a caricatured African bellman, bearing high-heeled shoes on a tray.
Box 5, Folder 77

Exposition coloniale internationale, Paris, 1931

Physical Description:

3 items.

Scope and Content Note

Entry tickets and pass, including one ticket to a fantasia.
 

Series V.B.  Collecting card albums, ca. 1920-ca. 1975

Physical Description: 5 albums

Scope and Content Note

These albums were issued by chocolate and cigarette companies to hold promotional series of collecting cards or stickers featuring colonial imagery, which were distributed in packets of their products. Many such albums had both propagandistic and advertising components. The French albums, when completed, could be returned to the company in exchange for prizes and gifts listed either within the albums or on the backs of the cards themselves. The German album offers no such gifts and seems to be more purely propagandistic.
All of the albums are individually cataloged in the repository's online catalog; please refer to these records for extensive descriptions.
Box 26

Chocolat Pupier (Firm)

L'Afrique : album d'images / édité par le Chocolat Pupier. [S.l.] : Chocolat Pupier, [between 1920 and 1939]

Physical Description: 1 album (252 photomechanical prints) : photogravure, color; 32 x 25 cm.; prints 7 x 5 cm.

Scope and Content Note

The collecting cards in this series feature maps and images of explorers and military heroes, portrayals of indigenous peoples, military scenes, occupations and agricultural work, architecture, and landscapes. Labeled sections concentrate on the explorers of French Africa; Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia; French West Africa; the French Mandates (Togo and Cameroon); French Equatorial Africa (including Djibouti and the Comoros); Madagascar; the English, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese possessions; Belgian Congo, Liberia and Egypt.
Box 27

Chocolat Suchard (Firm), La France pittoresque / éditée par le Chocolat Suchard. [Paris?] : Chocolat Suchard, [ca. 1930]

Physical Description: 1 album (300 photomechanical prints) : photogravure, b&w; 24 x 32 cm., prints 10.5 x 6 cm.

Scope and Content Note

The few cards collected in this copy show touristic views of France, French Africa, Indochina, French Guiana, and the French colonies in India, the Pacific, and the West Indies. The images concentrate on city, village and port scenes as well as views of indigenous peoples, architecture and landscapes. The cards bear captions and short descriptions of the images on their verso, along with a brief list of prizes available.
Box 28

Chocolat Cémoi (Firm), L'Afrique équatoriale / édité par le Chocolat Cémoi, Grenoble. [Grenoble? : Chocolat Cémoi], [193-]

Physical Description: 1 album (240 photomechanical prints) : relief halftone, color; 28 x 21 cm., prints 7.5 x 5 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Series title: Historique des Colonies françaises ; no. 5.

A text written for children gives the history of the French exploration and control of French Equatorial Africa, covering Gabon, Moyen Congo (Congo (Brazzaville)), Oubangui-Chari (Central African Republic) and Chad. The stickers are divided into 24 series, A through Y [lacking W], each series reveals ten examples of classic colonial imagery, covering such topics as explorers and soldiers; vernacular and colonial architecture; trains, bridges and roads; birds, mammals, and reptiles; logging; portrayals of indigenous Africans; fishing, hunting, agriculture, crafts and weaving; dancing and drumming; flowers and plants; export products (cotton, ivory, palm oil, latex, sesame); livestock; insects; forests and waterfalls; river views; mining, ports and industry; boats and boating.
Box 29

Deutsche Kolonien, Dresden : Cigaretten-Bilderdienst, 1936

Physical Description: 1 album (270 photomechanical prints) : offset lithograph, color; 25 x 35 cm., prints 5 x 6.5 cm.

Scope and Content Note

This cigarette card series and album commemorate the German colonial empire lost as a consequence of World War I, well before the publication of this Nazi-era album. Articles, accompanied by maps and portraits of notable German colonial heroes, cover the establishment of the German colonial empire in Africa, Asia and the Pacific. The remaining pages contain color collecting cards pasted onto full-page black and white lithographed illustrations of colonial scenes, offering multiple glimpses of scenery, architecture, military action, indigenous peoples, artifacts, wildlife, and agricultural products of the various colonies.

One loose collecting card (no. 197) from this series may be seen in Box 5, Folder 58. The folder contains other examples of German cigarette cards as well.
Box 30

Casino (Firm), Voyage autour du monde. Afrique. Lyon : Volumétrix, [between 1965 and 1975]

Physical Description: 1 album (250 photomechanical prints) : offset lithograph, color; 32 x 25 cm., prints 6 x 6 cm.

Scope and Content Note

The album presents a fictional narrative following two children, Jojo and Louisette, as they travel through the post-independence continent of Africa, for which the many collecting card images serve as illustrative snapshots. The travels move generally clockwise around the continent, with the longest sections devoted to Chad, Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa, Congo-Léopoldville (Congo (Democratic Republic), Congo (Brazzaville), Côte d'Ivoire, Morocco and Algeria.

Library's copy contains 247 stickers, and lacks pages 1, 2, 53, 54, 55, and 56. Missing images: 9, 22 and 109.
 

Series V.C.  Other assorted printed ephemera, ca. 1950-1960

Physical Description: 83 items

Scope and Content Note

Assorted printed items, including book jackets, cards, stickers, brochures, advertisements, and menus.
Box 25, Folder 1

[Book jackets]

Physical Description: 3 book jackets: 20 x 49 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Jackets for the following three books: Augarde, Jacques, Tabor (Éditions France-Empire); Tharaud, Jerôme and Jean, La randonnée de Samba Diouf and Marrakech ou les seigneurs de l'Atlas (Plon).
Box 25, Folder 2

Maroc

Physical Description: 1 brochure : 21 x 63 cm., folded 21 x 13 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Tourist and recruitment brochure prepared by the Troupes du Maroc. Features photographs of Morocco's landscapes and architectural highlights, illustrations, and a map.
Box 25, Folder 3

Bayle, Luc M. [Marie]; La vache qui rit, Les découvertes : [Buvards publicitaires]

Physical Description: 9 items : 21 x 14 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Includes nine of a series of 10 "buvards publicitaires" (advertisements printed on blotting papers) of which number 1 is missing. The explorations and campaigns of Dumont d'Urville, Jacques Cartier, Savorgnan de Brazza, Francis Garnier, Jean Charcot, Magellan, Marco Polo, René Caillé, and Bougainville are recounted, always with reference to "La vache qui rit" cheese.
Box 25, Folder 4

[Buvards publicitaires] : Other

Physical Description: 21 items : 16 x 26 cm. and smaller.

Scope and Content Note

Assorted "buvards publicitaires" (advertisements printed on blotting papers) with images featuring Subsaharan and North Africans, often caricatured, and tropical or colonial scenes. Advertisers and products: Aspro (aspirin); Aufra, Produits Négro and Noyama (leather polish); bananas; Zoulou Powder (wash powder); Mabiscotte (rusks); Coco Oriental (beverage); Amora (mustard); Chocolats Poulain and Chocorêve (chocolate); Petit Négro (underwear); Teinture Ideale (dye); Cafés Familistère and Cafés Famy (coffee); Rhum Chauvet (rum); Vorstenlanden and Marokko (tobacco).
See Box 5, Folder 55 (Ephemera: Advertisements) for the Marokko image on a smaller-format card.
Box 25, Folder 5

Maximaphiles Français, Cartes maximum, 1952

Physical Description: 7 postcards : 11 x 15 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Stamped and postmarked "cartes maximum" from West Africa and the Belgian Congo. In each case the stamp image matches the postcard image, as required for "cartes maximum." Sponsored by Plasmarine and Ionyl (tonics).
Box 25, Folder 6

Premier jour d'émission: First day covers, 1952-1960

Physical Description: 20 first day covers : 9 x 17 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Stamped and postmarked "first day cover" pictorial envelopes from throughout the French colonies. Edited by the Fédération des Sociétés philatéliques françaises.
Box 25, Folder 7

Confiserie Fausta, [Flag stickers of the world's nations]

Physical Description: 1 sheet of stickerson paper backing : 24.5 x 28.5 cm.

Scope and Content Note

One side of the sheet bears 62 stickers of flags out of a possible 68. The other bears two stickers and also features a political map of the world, ca. 1920's or 1930's.
Box 25, Folder 8

Irriera, R. J. [Roger], [Illustrated menus] [S.l.] : Cie. de Navigation Mixte, before 1955

Physical Description: 7 menus : lithograph, color; 21 x 33 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Menus for a passenger ship feature striking renderings of North Africans "d'après dessin de R. J. Irriera." Menus dated 1954 and 1955; illustrations likely created well before that date.
For other examples of Roger Irriera's work, see posters Touggourt and Le sud algérien.
Box 25, Folder 9

[Price list, illustrated bag]

Physical Description: 2 items : 23 x 15 cm and smaller

Scope and Content Note

One shopping bag illustrated with a poor African boy, and one price list illustrated with a North African caïd, or chieftain. Advertisers: La Tour (soap); Dulcine (salad oil); Le Caïd, Établissements P. Ombre (coffee).
Box 25, Folder 10

Protège-cahiers [Notebook covers]

Physical Description: 8 items : 25 x 36 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

These "protège-cahiers," or notebook covers, bear advertisements destined for schoolchildren and their parents; some contain caricatures of Africans. Subjects depicted include the French Empire, North Africa, Martinique, dances of the Antilles, and chocolate. Advertisers: Sadol and Produit Flambo (cleaning supplies), Au Nègre (laundry supplies), Sirop Jacquet (cough syrup), Duquesne (rum), and Edith (eau de cologne).
Box 25, Folder 11

Reply cards

Physical Description: 2 items : 14 x 28 cm. and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Two large-format cards with separable reply cards: one advertising an intestinal medication (Carbo-Combrosmol, by Laboratoires Stelvia) and the other a military recruitment card (Engagez-vous, rengagez vous dans les Troupes coloniales).
Box 25, Folder 12

Monsavon, Qui est-ce? Jeu Monsavon: Les bâtisseurs de l'Empire français

Physical Description: 2 cards : 13 x 16 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cards with separable reply cards, for participating in a contest sponsored by Monsavon (skin care products). Cards represent Père Charles de Foucauld, missionary in the Sahara, and one other person.
For further images of Foucauld, see also Series I: Postcards, People - Missionaries in North Africa (Box 4, Folder 27).
 

Series VI.  Toys and games, 1892-1941

Physical Description: 16 items

Scope and Content Note

This small series, made up of cut-out paper toys, paper toys with movable parts, board games and other objects, shows how colonial and conquest imagery was employed in mass-produced playthings for French children in the first half of the 20th century. A strong propagandistic function was in many cases paired with an advertising one, as some toys bear brand names for chocolate or baby food, or even for aperitifs.
Arrangement is chronological; undated materials are listed at the end.
Box 24, Folder 7

Vieille maison mauresque à Tunis, Jarville-Nancy (France) : Imageries Réunies, [1892]

Physical Description: 1 print : stereotype, color; 24 x 32 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cut-out toy representing a Tunisian home.
See also: Series IV: Ethnographic images.
Box 24, Folder 7

A découper, monter, sans collage : La Guinée , [Lyon?] : Volumétrix, [ca. 1920]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print: offset lithograph, color; 27 x 37 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cut-out toy representing an African village.
See also: Series IV: Ethnographic images.
Box 24, Folder 7

Nos soldats en relief : goumiers marocains, [S.l.] : Éditions Wilieb, [1920]

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color with embossing; 26 x 21 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Embossed cut-out toy shows one North African horseman and one European horseman, dressed in the caped uniform of the Moroccan Goumiers.
See also: Series IV: Military and conquest; Series IV: Ethnographic images.
Box 24, Folder 8

R., L., Offert par Pikina, apéritifs aux vins de France, et par Amer Picon : Construction d'un ksour , [S.l.] : Stribick, Fally et Cie., [ca. 1925]

Physical Description: 1 photomechanical print : offset lithograph, color; 37 x 37 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cut-out toy to construct a North African fortified village, bearing placards advertising the aperitif Amer Picon. Advertisement for Pikina printed on verso.
See also: Series IV: Advertisements.
Box 24, Folder 8

Le Tipoye du Gabon : documents fournis par la Congrégation des Soeurs de l'Immaculée Conception, Castres, Tarn , Paris : Éditions E.A.F.; Impressions Rivade, 1925

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 29 x 40 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cut-out of nun in a "tipoye," or litter, carried by four Africans.
See also: Series IV: Missionary propaganda.
Box 24, Folder 8

Auger, Raoul, Jeu de l'Empire français ; Course de l'Empire français , Vichy : Éditions Centre d'information et de renseignements; Paris : Imp. Delattre, 1941

Physical Description: 1 print : lithograph, color; 32 x 50 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two-sided board game, each side with a world map showing the French colonies.
See also: Series IV: Government and political propaganda.
Flat file folder 35**

Jeu des échanges : France - colonies, [S.l.] : OPIM Breveté S.G.D.G., 1941

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 50 x 74 cm. on backing 58 x 82 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Board game. Seller's inventory titles as "Jeu de l'Empire français."
See also: Series IV: Government and political propaganda.
Box 24, Folder 7

Gougeon, Louis, Cacao "Barry", Toulouse; Paris : B. Sirven, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 38 x 29 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cut-out toy showing Africans harvesting cocoa pods from a row of cocoa trees, and a woman collecting cocoa seeds in a basket.
See also: Series IV: Economic propaganda, Le Cacao des colonies françaises.
Box 24, Folder 8

Benveniste, S.D.; Dupuich, J.A., Prise de Constantine en 1837, offert par Picon : Pikina, apéritif familial , Marseille: Le Rendement Maximum, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 1 print: lithograph, color; 50 x 35 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cut-out toy shows French army and North African fighters during the battle for Constantine, Algeria. Insert advertising text explains how the aperitif Amer Picon helped the French win this conflict.
See also: Series IV: Advertisements.
Box 25, Folder 13

Beuville, Les animaux à colorier de Nestlé : L'éléphant ; Le zèbre , Nescao : [Cut-out paper toy], Paris : Imp. J. Simon S.A., [n.d.]

Physical Description: 3 items : 14 x 23 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Two coloring sheets depict animals running after and consuming chocolate bars. The cut-out paper toy depicts an African sitting under a coconut tree. Verso contains informational and advertising text for Kohler and Cailler chocolate and Nescao beverage.
Box 25, Folder 14

Exposition coloniale: [Cut-out paper toys], [S.l. : s.n]; [n.d.]

Physical Description: 2 items : offset lithograph, color; 14 x 18 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cut-out paper toys depict the pavilions of Tunisia and the Congo at the Colonial Exposition (Paris, 1931?). Versos contains short informational and advertising text promoting cod-liver oil.
Box 25, Folder 15

Phosphatine Falières, Chanteur bambara; Labour riz du marécage, [S.l. : s.n]; [n.d.]

Physical Description: 2 items : offset lithograph, color; 15 x 11 cm and smaller

Scope and Content Note

Paper toys with movable parts depict an African drummer, his hands beating at the drum, and an Indochinese rice paddy worker. Presented by baby and small children's food producer.
See also: Series IV: Racist satire; Series IV: Ethnographic images.
For images thematically related to this series, see also: Series IV: Economic propaganda: Bresson, Vélo-Moto; Series IV: Military and conquest: Infanterie coloniale, artillerie coloniale, formations annexes; Series IV: Missionary propaganda: Oeuvre de la Sainte Enfance.
 

Series VII.  Sheet music, 1908-1956

Physical Description: 17 scores

Scope and Content Note

This short series of scores (four of which are undated) features popular songs of the period that treat aspects of colonial life and/or non-European peoples. The cover art for these scores bears photographs of popular musicians and singers along with illustrations of North and Subsaharan Africans depicted in romanticized, exoticized or racist ways.
Arrangement is chronological; undated materials are listed at the end.
Box 25, Folder 16

Bousquet, L.; Borel-Clerc, Ch., La Bouss-bouss-mée : danse des baisers , Paris : G. Ricordi et Cie, 1908

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art by Clérice Frères (likely Charles Clérice), showing gypsy dancer with tambourine.
Box 24, Folder 9

Gay, Byron, Le One-step le plus en vogue : Sand dunes : one-step oriental par Byron Gay , Paris : Éditions Francis Salabert; Imp. Cavel et Cie., 1919

Physical Description: 1 score (2 sheets) : lithograph, color; 36 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Piano score. Cover art by Atelier Salabert, Cover illustration shows a North African warrior with long rifle, on horseback.
See also: Series IV: Military and conquest; Series IV: Ethnographic images; Series IV: Advertisements.
Box 25, Folder 16

Veber, Pierre; Bertal-Maubon; Kálmán, Emmerich, O Bayadère : fox trot, Paris : Max Eschig et Cie. Éditeurs, 1921

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows image of stage dancer with veil and large feather headdress.
Box 24, Folder 9

Silver, F.; Cohn, Irving, Yes! We have no bananas, Paris: Éditions Francis Salabert; Grav. Imp. Delanchy-Dupré, 1923

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : lithograph, color; 36 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Song with English and French lyrics. Cover art by R. de Valerio. Cover illustration shows caricature of African woman spreading arms wide in gesture of hopelessness, while her husband and children cry, their hands clasped in supplication.
See also: Series IV: Advertisements; Series IV: Racist satire.
Box 24, Folder 9

Imádom a néger zenét : Shimmy-blues , Budapest: Rózsavolgyi; Leipzig-Budapest: Röder, 1925

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : lithograph, color; 36 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Song with Hungarian lyrics. Music credit: Dombay Géza. Cover shows three African musicians wearing formal suits with spats, playing banjo, drum and saxophone.
See also: Series IV: Advertisements; Series IV: Racist satire.
Box 25, Folder 16

Kahn, Gus; Whiting, Richard A.; Boyer, Lucien; Lemarchand, Louis, Madame Oukoulili : Ukelele lady : fox-trot chanté , New York : Irving Berlin Inc., 1925; Paris : Publications Francis-Day, 1926

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows woman in loincloth holding ukelele.
Box 25, Folder 16

Saint Granier; Ferréol, Roger; Romberg, Sigmund, Ça (it) : one-step chanté de l'opérette "Le chant du désert" , New York: Harms Inc., 1926; Paris: Semfa, Éditions Francis Salabert, 1930

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows a masked and caped man at the side of a woman in riding habit.
Box 25, Folder 16

Asso, Raymond; Monnot, Marg. [Marguerite], Mon légionnaire, Paris: Les Éditions de Paris, 1936

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 27 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art by Würth, showing a standing legionnaire, with an insert photo of Edith Piaf.
Box 25, Folder 16

Tabet, George, La légende du jazz, Paris: Les Nouvelles Éditions Meridian, 1945

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 27 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows African jazz pianist dreaming of Mozart.
Box 25, Folder 16

Larue, Jacques; Marbot, R., Mayoumba, Paris: Les Nouvelles Éditions Meridian, 1945

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 27 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows veiled woman with camels, palm trees and desert in the background.
Box 25, Folder 16

Lecuona, Margarita; Russell, S. K. [Sidney Keith, aka Bob]; Larue, Jacques, Babalou : Babalú, Paris : Société d'Éditions musicales internationales, 1946

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 27 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art by Würth features photo of Lina Romay and Xavier Cugat with orchestra.
Box 25, Folder 16

Hilliard, Bob; Sigman, Carl; Contet, Henri, Civilisation : bongo, bongo, bongo, New York: Edwin H. Morris & Co.; Paris: Chappell S.A., 1947

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 27 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows African with spear, with inset photographs of singers and musicians.
Box 25, Folder 16

Ithier, Hubert; Denoncin, René; Ledru, Jack, Oui missié : cha cha cha, Paris: Éditions Paul Beuscher-Arpège, 1956

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 27 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art by Würth shows caricatures of Africans carrying a cactus and being chased by a lion.
Box 25, Folder 16

Destres, Melchior, Maure et captive, Paris: A. Huré, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 26 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art by Bertrant, showing a Moor kneeling and clasping the hand of a European woman.
Box 25, Folder 16

Dommel & Valfy; Willems; Desmoulins, R., Sous le soleil marocain : chanson d'actualité créée par Berchicot à Casablanca , Paris: Édition Dommel, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 1 sheet of music : ill. ; 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Sheet folded into 8 pages. Contains the following songs: Sous le soleil marocain; Fifine! Fifine; L'homme aux folies; Laissez pleurer mon coeur; Chrysanthemum-fox; Les "sans-amour"; Un jour viendra.
Box 25, Folder 16

Pauley; Julsam; Koger, Geo., Salafoumal! : idylle nègre, Paris: Les Chansons de Julsam, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 1 score (1 sheet) : ill. ; 28 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows caricature of an African woman with a feather hat.
Box 25, Folder 16

Ifrani, Jacques; Reclose, Henri, Cacahuètte-samba; Un amour qui s'achève : tango, Casablanca : Éditions Ifrani, [n.d.]

Physical Description: 2 scores (14 p.) : ill. ; 26 cm.

Scope and Content Note

Cover art shows North African peanut seller and veiled woman with European samba-dancer. Rear cover shows woman reaching out for man's hand. Contains parts for voice, tuba, bass, violin, piano and accordion.