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Collection Guide
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Register of the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty broadcast records
2000C120  
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Table of contents What's This?

Container List

Box 1-264

DAILY BROADCAST ANALYSES, 1974-1993.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by service and chronologically in semi-reverse order therein (reverse date frames in accordance with original order). DBAs contain gaps
Box 264

ALBANIAN MONITORING SUBSECTION, 1952-1962.

Scope and Content Note

Papers of Nicolo Prennushi, employee of the Albanian Monitoring Subsection
Box 265-266

ARMENIAN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1989-1995.

Scope and Content Note

Newswires and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
Box 267-308

AZERBAIJANI LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1934-1995.

Scope and Content Note

Daily format and work plans, editor's file, scripts and special programs, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein. Older papers (including scripts prior to 1992) are from the desk of Mecid Musazade. Scripts and special programs, beginning from 1987, as received directly from RFE/RL
Box 309-332

BELARUSIAN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1954-2007.

Scope and Content Note

Daily format and work plans, editor's file, press monitoring, program reviews, scripts and special programs, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
Box 333-1026

BULGARIAN BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1968-2003.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondents' reports, daily broadcast schedules, editor's file, letters from listeners, newscasts, program logs, program summaries, scripts, special programs, studio utilization reports, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
Box 1027-1235

CZECH BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1993-2002.

Scope and Content Note

Scripts, special programs and thumbnail sketches (with schedules), arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically or alphabetically by title therein
Box 1236-2221

CZECHOSLOVAK BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1947-1993.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's file, employee papers, program reviews, scripts and special programs, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically or alphabetically by title therein
Box 2222-2490

ESTONIAN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1940-2004.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, cover sheets, daily program summaries, editor's file, music programming, newswires, program reviews, scripts, Soviet media digest, special programs and tape index, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically or alphabetically by title therein. Boxes 2488-2490 are out of numerical sequence
Box 2491-2595

GEORGIAN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1955-2000.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's file, printed matter, program reviews, scripts and special programs arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically or alphabetically by subject/title therein. Additional incremental materials in process.
Box 2596-3578

HUNGARIAN BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1951-1993.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, daily broadcast analyses, editor's file, employee papers, index to archival tapes, monitoring, news budget, program schedules, program summaries, scripts, special programs, thumbnail sketches and other document formats arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically or alphabetically by subject/title therein
Box 3579-3725

KAZAKH LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1953-2001.

Scope and Content Note

Daily format and work plans, editor's file, employee papers, monitoring, program logs, program reports, scripts, and special programs arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
Box 3726-

KYRGYZ LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1967-1994.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein. In process.
On shelf

LATVIAN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1974-2004.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
On shelf

LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1975-2004.

Scope and Content Note

Cover sheets, editor's files, news reports, and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
On shelf

MOLDOVAN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 2008

Scope and Content Note

List of programs archived for the Web
On shelf

NEWS AND CURRENT AFFAIRS, 1956-1996.

Scope and Content Note

Newswires, summaries and transcripts, arranged chronologically. In process.
On shelf

NORTH CAUCASUS LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1993-2008.

Scope and Content Note

Audience research and evaluation review, program logs and program materials, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
On shelf

POLISH BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1952-1994.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein. In process.
On shelf

RADIO FARDA (PERSIAN LANGUAGE SERVICE) 1998-2004.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings from Iranian newspapers. In process.
On shelf

RADIO FREE AFGHANISTAN (RADIO AZADI)

On shelf

RADIO FREE IRAQ

Scope and Content Note

In process.
On shelf

RADIO MARSHAAL, 2010-2013

Scope and Content Note

In process. See also RADIO FREE AFGHANISTAN (RADIO AZADI) SOUND RECORDINGS or additional Pashto language content.
On shelf

ROMANIAN BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1960-1995.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein. In process.
On shelf

RUSSIAN BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1967-1995.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein. In process.
On shelf

SLOVAK LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1993-1995.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein. In process.
On shelf

SOUTH SLAVIC LANGUAGE SERVICE (BALKAN LANGUAGE SERVICE), 1980-2013

Scope and Content Note

In process. Also known as: South Slavic and Albanian language service, Balkan service. See also MULTIPLE LANGUAGE SERVICES SOUND RECORDINGS for recordings from 1995-2006
On shelf

TAJIK LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1970-2013.

Scope and Content Note

In process.
On shelf

TATAR-BASHKIR LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1976-2004.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein
On shelf

TURKMEN LANGUAGE SERVICE, 1988-1995

Scope and Content Note

In process. See also MULTIPLE LANGUAGE SERVICES SOUND RECORDINGS for recordings from 1995-2006
On shelf

UKRAINIAN BROADCAST DEPARTMENT, 1976-1995.

Scope and Content Note

Editor's files and scripts, arranged alphabetically by physical form and chronologically therein. In process.
On shelf

UZBEK LANGUAGE SERVICE,

Scope and Content Note

In process. See also MULTIPLE LANGUAGE SERVICES SOUND RECORDINGS for recordings from 1995-2006
On shelf

MULTIPLE LANGUAGE SERVICES SOUND RECORDINGS 1995-2006

Scope and Content Note

Sound recordings, approx. 1960-2006, 11,251 sound recordings. Services include Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Estonian, Georgian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, North Caucasus, Persian (Radio Azadi, Radio Farda), Polish, Radio Free Afghanistan (Radio Azadi), Radio Free Iraq, Radio Marshaal, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, South Slavic (Balkan), Tajik, Tatar-Bashkir, Turkmen, Ukrainian and Uzbek. Programming includes broadcast recordings, music and other recordings. No digital use copies are available for immediate use. In process.
On shelf

SOUND RECORDINGS, 1952-2013

Scope and Content Note

Contains a total of 302,053 sound recordings. See also each language service for information on sound recordings for that service.
The Sound Recordings consist of broadcast recordings, monitoring recordings, off-air recordings, and music recordings. Broadcast recordings of RFE/RL broadcasts were captured either in the studio or direct from a transmitter. They constitute the defining record of what RFE/RL committed to air. Typical content includes news reports, interviews, speeches, sermons, dramatic programming, and music. Monitoring recordings represent radio broadcasts other than RFE/RL that were monitored on a radio in the RFE/RL office and recorded to tape. Off-air recordings are raw captures of interviews, speeches, literary readings, music performances, etc. that would have been edited for use on future broadcasts. Music recordings are predominantly commercially issued popular, classical, and folk releases collected for on-air play; they are sometimes called a service’s “music library.” It is important to note that music related broadcast programming, such as the Romanian Language Service’s “Metronome” program, are considered broadcast recordings since they contain whole programs as they were heard on air.
While part of the larger whole, each language service operated independently, with different practices regarding programming logs, the labeling of tapes etc. Nearly all services reused tapes in an effort to conserve resources, particularly in the early years. Consequently, it is not uncommon for a language service to be missing sound recordings in multi-year spans, in some cases with significant gaps on the order of decades. Scripts are generally a more complete resource than recordings, which are usually scattered across time; scripts of early RFE programming are available on microfilm or paper even when no recordings may exist. Scripts are also available for many of the extant broadcast recordings and can serve as an index to their content. If an item of interest is found in a script, the date of that script can be used to search for a sound recording of the same date. This is the most convenient way to approach the resordings, as most have not been indexed for content. In some cases, as with the Polish service, a database can be used to find appropriate sound recordings.
From its earliest days through August 1995, when the radios adopted logging media to record all transmitters at once, nearly all recorded sound produced or recorded by RFE/RL was captured on ¼” open reel tape. Exceptions include an early set of Crusade for Freedom recordings on lacquer disc and particular services capturing limited broadcast runs, raw interview footage, and/or varying production elements on cassette and cartridge tape. Cassette, DAT and MiniDisc served this same purpose in the years following 1995.
From August 24, 1995 through October 31, 2006, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty committed its broadcast recordings to multi-channel logging media. Recordings of programs broadcast August 24, 1995 through August 26, 1999 are saved on VHS tapes encoded using Racal Wordsafe machines while recordings broadcast September 25, 1999 through October 31, 2006 are on DDS tapes encoded using an RCS Tracker system. Both systems recorded multiple concurrent tracks of audio, capturing on one tape the content of several different transmitters. The Racal Wordsafe system captured twelve concurrent tracks, each 25 hours in duration, meaning each tape has the potential to hold 300 hours of content. Tape is not the only storage mechanism for audio recorded using the RCS Tracker system – it created audio files independent of tape, to be saved in whatever manner the user preferred – however tape (DDS in this case) was the method chosen by RFE/RL. Each tape contains upward of eight concurrent tracks; multiple decks operated simultaneously affording the capture of all operating transmitters. The reader should note that, for inventory purposes, tapes from this period are counted as single physical items despite containing multiple recordings from different language services. Consequently, the sound recordings from this era – see Multiple Language Services sound recordings description - constitute 6,809 physical items rather than the 55,800 audio recordings.