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INVENTORY OF THE NEKES COLLECTION OF OPTICAL DEVICES, PRINTS, AND GAMES, 1700-1996, bulk 1740-1920
93.R.118  
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Table of contents What's This?

Container List

 

Series I.  Prints, circa 1700-1996

Scope and Content Note

Series comprises a variety of illustrations, most of which illustrate optical phenomena and the use of optical devices and toys. A few are toys designed to be manipulated so as to produce visual effects involving movement or transformation. Series is arranged in 2 subseries.
 

Series IA.  Prints depicting optical devices and optical phenomena, 1700-1996

Scope and Content Note

Anamorphosis is represented in two documentary images that illustrate how to design anamorphic projections. A print by Hogarth depicts the result of misinterpreting the rules of perspective; several prints show an early 20th-century fictional vision of scientific progress and inventions in the year 2000 (from the series En l'an 2000). One print shows the manufacture of glass, and others show various optical devices (such as the zograscope, the camera lucida, and the magic lantern) and electricity. Twelve printed items show the use of the magic lantern. In one example the magic lantern is used as a slide projector in strategic military planning. Another (oversize) print, by J.E. Shénan, illustrates the atmosphere of a magic lantern entertainment show in the late 18th century (La laterne magique). One print shows dendrites and mineral abstract compositions (see also Series III for a florentine stone whose patterns resemble a Tuscan city skyline). Other oversize prints include two prints after paintings by L. Boilly, L'Amour couronnée and L'Optique, (the latter depicts the zograscope used for entertainment at home) and three posters advertise Werner Nekes'exhibition, Schatten Projektionen (held in Germany in Spring 1993), and his film series, Was geschah wirklich zwischen den Bilder? in which Nekes shows artifacts from his collection, many of which are now in the Getty collection.
Southwark Fair (after Hogarth) and four other prints illustrate various types of peepshow boxes and depict itinerant showmen carrying peepshows on their backs. The optical phenomenon known as persistence of vision is represented in a technical print which depicts a praxinoscope, and in a small advertising image for a zoetrope. A Lavater engraving shows how profiles may be traced by means of projected shadows. A manual contains instructions on how to cast shadows on a wall.
Also included are prints with moveable or foldable parts (such as the cutout forms from the Imagerie d'Épinal, designed to turn in the wind, and a satirical image depicting a couple whose heads revolve). Other printed items for children are meant to be cutup and reassembled.
Box 1*, Folder 1

[Engraving about anamorphosis after J. Holbein painting], circa 1850

Scope and Content Note

Paris; chez Chereau et Joubert, rue des Mathurins aux deux Pilliers d'Or; J. A. Piérron Sculp.
Box 1*, Folder 1

[2 prints about anamorphosis], 1753

Scope and Content Note

From Alexandre Savérien, Dictionnaire Universal de Mathematique et de Physique. Paris. Tome I, plate XXXV and plate XXXVII.
Box 1*, Folder 2

Le Verre, 1850s-1870s

Scope and Content Note

Paris; Typographie E. Meyer, 22 rue de Verneuil; From: Delbrück, Jules. Les récréations instructives. Paris: G. Borrani. circa 1860-62. Vol. I. Illustrates glass manufacturing and a magic lantern and a peepshow; Colored engraving; 30x39cm.
Box 1*, Folder 2

Das Ballongespenst, 1889?

Scope and Content Note

Germany; Gebrüder Kröner; Original-zeichnung von C.G.Robech. Date handwritten on verso. Wood engraving depicting reflection; 32x24cm.
Box 1*, Folder 3

[Color wood engraving with 12 scenes], 1800s

Scope and Content Note

Printed in The Netherlands. One of the scenes depicts the zograscope; 30x37cm.
Box 1*, Folder 3

[Camera lucida], 1800s

Scope and Content Note

Printed image from a German magazine.
Box 1*, Folder 4

Catoptrics: plate CXXVIII, circa 1800

Scope and Content Note

A Bell Prin. Wal. sculptor fecit. Engraving; 26.5x20cm.
Box 1*, Folder 4

El progreso científico; El Fotófono : Aparatos Para “oir la luz” y “ver el sonido, 1890

Scope and Content Note

Spain. Engraving from unidentifed printed source; 15x24cm.
Box 1*, Folder 5

Whoever makes a design without the knowledge of perspective will be liable to such obscurities as are shown in the print, 1700s

Scope and Content Note

England, W. Hogarth, J. Moore Sculp. Engraving; 14.5x12 cm.
Box 1*, Folder 5

L’ Electricité, undated

Scope and Content Note

Paris. Showing uses of electricity. Colored wood engraving; 26x37.5cm.
Box 1*, Folder 6-9

En l'an 2000, circa 1900

Scope and Content Note

8 color lithograph sheets with 82 cards whose images envision life in the year 2000 (including one with caption, Correspondance Cinéma-Phono-Télégraphique); 10.5 x 12.5 cm. and smaller. 2 prints per folder.
Box 1*, Folder 10

Mr. & Mrs. Caudle during the various curtain lectures, 1800s

Scope and Content Note

London, published by William Spooner, 377 Strand; Kohler & L'Enfant lith. Printers. Two prints with moving parts, with revolving heads. Color lithograph; 32x25 cm. Fragile.
Box 1*, Folder 10

Carriage at pleasure, 1860

Scope and Content Note

France. With fold-up window. Colored engraving; 23x28 cm.
Box 1*, Folder 11

Naturspiele: Dendriten and Florentiner Ruinen-Marmor, 1700s

Scope and Content Note

Germany, J.H. Schnuzer. Color engraving with three figures showing dendrites and the Florentine stone; with related text (Miscellanea, Vol IX, No. 28) in German, French, Latin, and Hungarian (?); 25x20cm.
See also Box 30 for a Florentine / Tuscany stone.
Box 1*, Folder 11

Constructions Petit, 1870s?

Scope and Content Note

Imagerie de P. Didion, à Metz, Delhalt Successeur; Déposé à Metz et à Nancy. Format Transformations no. 71. Transformation pictures for children on one sheet meant to be cut up in order to form new pictures. Color wood engraving; 38x26cm.
Box 1*, Folder 12

[Cut-out shapes for children] undated

Scope and Content Note

French; Imagerie d'Épinal; Pellerin & Cie. To create mechanical forms animated by wind. 3 color wood engravings.
Box 1*, Folder 12

Moulin à vent

Physical Description: 2 sheets, No 1001, 1024.
Box 1*, Folder 12

Scierie

Physical Description: No. 1006.
Box 1*, Folder 12

La Maison du Forgeron

Physical Description: No. 1002. 29.5 x 40 cm.
Box 1*, Folder 13

Decoraciones de Teatro, 1840

Physical Description: 3 items

Scope and Content Note

Barcelona; Lit. de hijos de Paluzíe. Color wood engravings; 37x46 cm.
Box 1*, Folder 13

Decoraciones de teatro de casa rustica #1007

Box 1*, Folder 13

Decoraciones de teatro: Bastidores #1020

Box 1*, Folder 13

Decoraciones de teatro de sala #1020

Box 1*, Folder 14

Galerie Militaire Française Rébus Images, circa 1800

Scope and Content Note

Lyon; chez Giraud freres et Gayet; rue Bonneveau. Engraving with 36 scenes. No 16. 28.5x38.5cm.
Box 1*, Folder 15

[Robertson Lantern], 1840

Scope and Content Note

France. Printed image from unidentifed French journal.
Box 1*, Folder 15

3 color greeting cards that depict magic lanterns, circa 1900

Scope and Content Note

France. La lanterne magique; Amitié sincère; [Children watching a magic lantern show].
Box 1*, Folder 15

[Magic lantern show and turning pictures], 1900s

Scope and Content Note

Cop. by C. Delattre No. 9; Lilla Nygatan; 9 Stock-holm, Sweden No. 4028. Color greeting card / postcard; 15.5x10.5cm.
Box 1*, Folder 16

Geistererscheinung auf der Bühne, 1864

Scope and Content Note

Phantasmagoria. Wood engraving, torn from unidentified German publication.
Box 1*, Folder 16

Reproduction photographischer Depeschen durch die Laterna magica während der Belagerung von Paris, 1877

Scope and Content Note

Germany; from: Das Buch der Erfind., 7 Aufl., II Bd., p.32. On the use of the magic lantern for educational / military / strategic purposes; 16.5x24.5cm. Cut from publication.
Box 1*, Folder 17

La Lanterne Magique : Diogène faisant voir la lanterne magique à Alexandre, circa 1850

Scope and Content Note

No. 1; Chez Aubert & Cie. Pl. de la Bourse; Imp. d'Aubert & Cie. 23x30.5cm.
Box 1*, Folder 18

Laterna magica : zauberbilder, circa 1900

Scope and Content Note

Germany, Munich; Mün-chener Bilderbogen; Hof. und Universitätis Buch-druckerei von Dr. C. Wolf & Sohn in München; Herausgegeben und verlagt von Braun & Schneider. No. 128 and No. 129; 2 sheets, 4 pictures each; 44.5x35.5cm.
Box 1*, Folder 18

La lanterne magique, 1800s

Scope and Content Note

France; N.o 60; Ces dessins ornent les enveloppes co-miques qu'on trouve chez M. M. Aubert; pictures signed T. Maurisset. 1 sheet, 3 pictures, with captions: La lanterne magique d'Aubert; Le premier jour de l'année; Les indiscrétions. 8x14cm. For framed prints depicting the magic lantern, see also Boxes 71*-72**.
Box 1*, Folder 19

La foire = Der Jaarmarkt, 1700s

Scope and Content Note

The Netherlands. No 11; Shows the trades at the fair, including the peepshow Captions in French and Dutch. Hand-colored; 34x36cm.
Box 1*, Folder 20

[Trades and occupations including man with a portable peepshow], 1800s

Scope and Content Note

Germany; Nurnberg; bei Fr. Campe. Color engraving; 27x44cm.
Box 1*, Folder 20

[Chinese peep box], 1800s

Scope and Content Note

Color engraving.
Box 1*, Folder 21

Southwark Fair, 1796

Scope and Content Note

England; engraved by J. Phillibronn. from original by William Hogarth; Jones & Co. Temple of the Muses, Finsbury Square. Published also in Il mondo nuovo as work by T. Cook (c.1744-1818). Etching; 12.5x16.5cm. on mount 20x23.3cm.
Box 1*, Folder 21

Oh raree shoe = Rare chose a voir = Chi vuol veder meraviglie, circa 1950

Scope and Content Note

England; Mauron delin.; P. Tempest exc. No. 22. Color engraving.
Box 1*, Folder 22

Le Praxinoscope, jouet d'optique, 1879

Scope and Content Note

Framed print; 14x9.5cm. Cut from a French magazine.
Box 1*, Folder 22

Kaléidoscope [i.e. Zoetrope], 1880s-1890s

Scope and Content Note

France; Cambrai. Advertisement for la Chicorée Nouvelle, by Casiez-Bourgeois; Titled mistakenly: Kaléidoscope. 10.2x6cm. Shows children playing with a zoetrope. Lithograph.
Box 1*, Folder 23

Image Contre-Révolutionnaire: Silhouette de Louis XVI au menton du sans - culotte, 1790s

Scope and Content Note

France. Etching; 20.5x13.5cm.
Box 1*, Folder 24

Art of Shadowgraphy : how it is done, 192?

Scope and Content Note

London; By Trewey; Print. Publi.d by Jordison & Co., Ltd., 40 Gerrard St., Shaftesbury Ave., W. and at Middlesbrough. 16pp. booklet; 22cm.
Box 1*, Folder 24

Chocolat de Beukelaer, undated

Physical Description: 15 cards

Scope and Content Note

Advertising cards with silhouette figures, on black sheets of paper. From The Netherlands?
Box 1*, Folder 25

Method of taking profiles, undated

Scope and Content Note

Lavater Silhouettier-Stuhl. Engraving; 16.8x9.8cm.
Box 1*, Folder 25

Megalographie, 1870

Scope and Content Note

France; Testu & Massin, Paris. 3 chromolithographs showing the use of megalographs. Advertisement cards “Au bon marche;” Aristide Boucicaut; 8x12cm.
Box 71*

[Magic Lantern] undated

Scope and Content Note

France; Pegard or Degard. Engraving, framed.
Box 72**

La laterne magique, 1790

Scope and Content Note

J.E. Shénan pinx.; J. Ouvrier sculp; A Paris chez l'Auteur Place Maubert, chez Mr Bellot Md Bonnetier au Soleil d'or. “dediée a Son Altesse Sérénissime Monseigneur le Prince Palatin du Rhin Duc régnant des Deux Ponts.” Engraving.
Box 73**

L'optique, 1790s

Scope and Content Note

French; [Peint par L.Boilly]; [(La Bassée 1761 - Paris 1845)]; [Gravé par F. Cazenave] [(Paris 1770-?)]; [A Paris chez l'Auteur, Rue Jacques N. 13 en face de la rue de la parcheminerie]; [Imprimé par Finot]. Engraving; 13.5x19.5cm.
Box 74**

L'Amour couronn, undated

Scope and Content Note

Peint par L. Boilly; Gravé par J. F. Cazenave. Engraving; 55 x 45 cm. in frame 79 x 64.5cm.
Flat file folder 1**

Posters advertising an exhibition and a film by Werner Nekes, 1993-1996

Physical Description: 3 items
Flat file folder 1**

Schatten Projektionen : Ausstellung vom 3. April bis 18. Mai 1993

Flat file folder 1**

Was geschah wirklich zwischen den Bilder?

Physical Description: 2 copies.
 

Series IB.  Vues d'optique and translucent prints, circa 1700-1976

Scope and Content Note

A large group of translucent illustrations, meant to be viewed with backlighting, includes 35 German and French vues d'optique (pricked and non-pricked prints), several French pin-pricked prints, and English polyorama images. See also Series III for translucent objects, such as the lithophane depicting Napoleon III, the porcelain lamp shade, and a moonlight scene printed on gauze cloth.
Box 2*

Non-pricked vues d'optique, circa 1700-1976

Box 2*, Folder 1

Vue de la Porte et Place Bourgogne sur le Port de la Ville de Bordeaux, undated

Scope and Content Note

Paris; chez J. Chereau, rue S.t Jacques. No.114; mounted on wood; color engraving.
Box 2*, Folder 1

[Cityscape] undated

Scope and Content Note

Representing a walled city by a river; On verso: hard to read handwritten captions. Colored engraving; 17.5x26.3 cm.
Box 2*, Folder 2

Thuscana Visus, undated

Scope and Content Note

Iustus Sadeler excudit. 1 print, part of series on 5 senses. 24.5x36.5cm. Cfr. Il Mondo Nuovo, p.239, Catalogo Remon-dini series on 5 senses; cfr. also catalog Probst, ibid. p.72.
Box 2*, Folder 2

Prospectus Interior Ecclesiae S.ti Pauli in Roma = L'interieur de S.t Paul de Rome, between 1740-1775

Scope and Content Note

Paris; chez Daumont, rue St. Martin; Anne Fonbonne Sculp. 7.e Vue d'optique representant; on paper, not stiffened; 33x47.5cm. The caption's format compares with the Vauxhall gardens vue d'optique Box 3, f. 3. See also pricked vue d'optique of St. Paul's in Rome church interior Box 3, f. 7.
Box 2*, Folder 3

[Neoclassic fountain in foreground with palace in background] 1700s

Scope and Content Note

Blackened on frame, no caption visible; 26.5x36.5cm.
Box 2*, Folder 3

L'Eglise de St. Pierre a Rome, undated

Scope and Content Note

Representing an entrance. Title handwritten on verso. 26x41.5cm.
Box 2*, Folder 4

Vue de l'hospital des enfants trouvés a Londres. The Foundling Hospital of London, Act of Parl't 1 May 1756

Scope and Content Note

Paris; chez Basset, rue S. Jacques a S.e Genevieve. 30x43cm.
Box 2*, Folder 4

Netley Abbey, undated

Scope and Content Note

London; Reeves & sons Cheapside & W. Morgan 64 Hutton. G. W.'s Dioramic views: No.[3], number in pencil; l9.5x15 cm.
Box 2*, Folder 5

Mont Blanc, 1838 October 12

Scope and Content Note

London; published by Wm. Morgan, 25 Bart-letts Buildings, Holborn. No 16; Morgan's Improved Protean Scenery; 17x25cm.
Box 2*, Folder 5

[Crystal palace] 1851 May

Scope and Content Note

England; London; publ. by William Spooner, 379 Strand.; G. F. Bragg del.
Verso: Spooner's Protean View of the Great Exhibition of All Nations: Changing the Exterior to the Interior View of the Building, London. Recto: The Crystal palace, As Seen From Kensington Gardens, London. 23x28.5cm.
See Box 21 for more images by William Spooner.
Box 2*, Folder 6

Thames Tunnel, London, circa 1850

Scope and Content Note

England; London; publ. by William Spooner; 379 Strand. 15.5x24cm.
Box 2*, Folder 6

[Volcano] undated

Scope and Content Note

Denmark; Alfred Jacobsen. No. 2; backlit translucent print; 31x37cm.
Box 2*, Folder 7

[Alchemist laboratory] 1976

Scope and Content Note

Denmark; Alfred Jacobsen. F456. Backlit translucent print; 27x39cm.
Box 2*, Folder 7

[Enchanted garden] 1976

Scope and Content Note

Denmark; Alfred Jacobsen. F440. Backlit translucent print; 27x39cm.
Box 2*, Folder 8

[Castle interiors] 1799 Feb 16

Scope and Content Note

London; Publ.d at R. Ackermann; 101 Strand; Mannskirsch del. & sculp.
Two lithographs with colored paper backing; b&w; print size: No.17: 47x34.5cm.; No.18: 47x34.5cm.
Box 3

Pricked vues d'optique, 1740-1810

Box 3, Folder 1

Nan-hsiung, circa 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

Augsbourg; Negoce co-mun de l'Academie Im-periale d'Empire des Arts libereaux; Gravé par Francois Xav. Haber-mann; Vue de Nanhung; Nanhung: Ist die 3te Haupt Granz und Zoll Stadt, in der chinesischen Provinz Quantung, wobei ein Wasser fliesset, welches so schwarz wie eine Dinte, u. worinen doch die geschmackhaffteste Fische sich befunden auch ist hier die beste schwarze Erde anzutreffen, worauss der berühmte chinesische Dusch oder schwarze Farbe versertiget wird. Also with equivalent text in French. Collection des prospects; 31x44cm.
Box 3, Folder 2

Les pyramides de l'Egypte, circa 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

Pyramides Aegyptiae, miraculum mondi tertium = Les pyramides de l'Egypte, troisieme miracle du monde = I [sic] piramidi d'Egitto, il terzo miracolo del mondo = Die egyptischen Pyramiden, dritte Wunderwerck der Welt. Med. Fol.o Augsburg; Georg Baltha-sar Probst excud. A. V. No 43; 31x44cm.
Box 3, Folder 3

Prospectus majoris deambulatorii horti Vauxhall ab Introitu = La vue de la Grande Allee du Jardin de Vauxhall prise de l'Entrée, 1740-1775

Scope and Content Note

Paris chez rue [St. Martin]. 24e Vue d'optique representant... 31x45cm.
Box 3, Folder 4

Palais du Rois de Pologne, undated

Scope and Content Note

A view of Bilnitz in Saxony one of the Palaces of the King of Poland = vue de Bilntz, en Saxe, un des palais du roi de Pologne. Etching; 28.5x43.5cm.
Box 3, Folder 5

Pyrotechnicae repraesentationis splendidissimae typus = Réprésentation d'un superbe feu d'artifice, circa 1766-1790

Scope and Content Note

[Augsburg; G. Balthasar Probst] Cf. Il Mondo Nuovo, p.72. Med. Fol.o N.o 53. Fireworks in honor of Joseph II. Engraving; 31x44.5cm.
Box 3, Folder 6

[Prospectus magni mercatus versus Ecclesie B.B.M./ad Monachium. = Vue du grand Marchè vers l'Eglise de Notre Dame a Mume] undated

Scope and Content Note

[Bassano; Remondini]? Caption / title taken from Il Mondo Nuovo, p.228, Catalogo Remondini. 30x45cm.
Box 3, Folder 7

St. Paul de Rome. The inside of S Pauls Church in Rome = Vue interieur de l'Eglise de S Paul de Rome, 1740-1775

Scope and Content Note

Paris; chez Daumont rue St. Martin. 28x44cm. See Box 2*, f.2 for a less fine copy of this vue d'optique.
Box 3, Folder 8

Prospectus ecclesiae Sanctae Mariae Majoris, undated

Scope and Content Note

View of the church in Rome. After Piranesi. 29x44cm.
Box 3, Folder 9

Theatre de Marcelluz a Rome: Vue du fameux Theatre de Marcelluz a Rome, undated

Scope and Content Note

Paris; chés Huquier fils, Graveur, rue St. Jacques. Etching; 28x44cm.
Box 3, Folder 10

L'amphitheatre de Rome, circa 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

Amphitheatrum romanum, miraculum mundi sextum = L'amphitheatre de Rome, sixieme miracle du monde = L'amfiteatro di Roma, il sesto miracolo del mondo = Der grosse runde Schauplaz zu Rom, sechste Wunderwerk der Welt, Augsburg; Georg Bal-thasar Probst excud. AV. Med. Fol.o No 43; 31x44cm. Cf. Vedereviaggiare, p.72.
Box 3, Folder 11

Vue de la place St. Charles de Turin, 1740-1775

Scope and Content Note

Paris; chez Daumont rue St. Martin. Etching; 28x44cm. Vue Perspective de la place St. Charles de Turin et de la porte neuve dans l'eloignement; Cf. Vedereviaggiare, p.116.
Box 3, Folder 12

Gezic[ht] [na de Ra]am Poort [te Am]sterdam = Vue de la Porte des Rame à Amsterdam, circa 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

Amsterdam; by P. Fouquet junior; 29.5x44.5cm. Found in Catalogus 115 prenten Amsterdam, p.19.
Box 3, Folder 13

Gesigt het Buyten-Hof na het Hof te zien in ‘s Gravenhage = Vue du Buyten-Hof, vers la Cour a la Haye = Veduta del Buyten-Hof, verso la corte a Haia = Prospect des Buyten-Hof, gegen Hof anzusehen, zu Grafenhaag, undated

Scope and Content Note

202; Etching; 30.5x43 cm.
Box 3, Folder 14

Winter gezigt van t'Hage: van de zyde van het westland, 1757

Scope and Content Note

Title handwritten on verso; date handwritten on piece. Iceskating scene. 30x44.5cm.
Box 3, Folder 15

Gesigt van de inside van de Kirck te Gouda, circa. 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

Title handwritten on verso; 29.5x44.5cm.
Box 3, Folder 16

Vue du Promontore du Bonne Esperance, circa 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

Gravé par I. Riedet? Prospect des Vorgeburges der Guten Hoffnung = Vue du promontoir de Bonne Esperance. Collection des prospects; 31x45cm.
In Il mondo nuovo F. Riedel is listed as one of the artists active at the Kaiserlich Franziskische Akademie.
Box 3, Folder 17

Banque des Marchands à Stockholm, 1755-1790

Scope and Content Note

[Augsburg; Academie imperiale d'Empire des arts liberaux...] Collection des Prospects.; 29x44cm.
Box 3, Folder 18

Vue de Saalstadt. Lust Pallast zu Saalstadt des Königes von Schweden = Vue de Saalstadt Palais d'Été de S. M. le Roi de Suede, 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

Augsbourg ou Negoce comun de l'Academie Imperiale d'Empire des Arts liberiaux; Jaques [sic] Miller delin.; Gravé par Jean Benoit Winkler. Collection des Prospects; 30x43cm.
Box 3, Folder 19

[Lightning and shipwreck] circa 1750-1810

Scope and Content Note

30x42cm.
Folder 4-5

Pin-pricked images, 1750-1851

Scope and Content Note

Composed entirely from pin-pricks unless otherwise noted.
Box 4

[Flower bouquet] undated

Scope and Content Note

Image à l'Aiguille. Produced in France. 36x23 cm.; on cream-colored paper.
Box 4

[Bird] undated

Scope and Content Note

Image à l'Aiguille. Produced in France. 14x22 cm.; on cream-colored paper.
Box 5

[Man standing with stick and pitcher] 1750 or 1780

Scope and Content Note

Pin-prick and watercolor drawing; in wooden frame with glass; 30x24.3cm.
Box 5

Urania's mirror or, a view of the heavens; pictures of the constellations, 1825

Scope and Content Note

London, Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand. Print on box lid: Sid[ne]y Hall. sculp[si]t. Cardboard box, wit23.5x17.5x3cm., contains 32 pricked etchings of the constellations on with white backing paper.
Box 6-7

Polyorama images, 1851

Box 6

L'hiver et l'ete, 1851

Scope and Content Note

France; Lemaire. No. 69. 1 polyorama image, meant to be backlit, framed in wood for support but without viewing device; 26x33.5 cm.
Box 7

Polyorama images, 1851

Physical Description: 18 images

Scope and Content Note

France; Lemaire. 14.5x20cm.. Fragile: 1-11 in bad condition, some ripped. See Box 70** for viewer.
Box 7

Le palais de Cristal Extérieur et Intérieur (Londres)

Box 7

Place de la Concorde, Paris

Box 7

Salle de l'Opera a Paris

Box 7

L'hiver et l'eté

Box 7

Charing Cross

Box 7

Temple - Bar Londres

Box 7

Le nouveau parlement (Londres)

Box 7

Le beau temps et l'Orage

Box 7

La tour de Londres

Box 7

Versailles

Box 7

La messe de minuit

Box 7

La messe de minuit

Box 7

S.t Bavon à Gand

Box 7

Chemin de Fer

Box 7

Londres et le tunnel

Box 7

Palais Royal

Box 7

Chapelle de Holy-rood (Edimbourg): Exterieur et intérieur

Box 7

Champs Elysées à Paris

Box 7

Palerme : environs de Palerme

Box 8

[Napoleon III] 1860s

Physical Description: 15.5x12.5cm.

Scope and Content Note

France. Lithophane picture.
See Box 63** for another example.
Box 9

[Moonlight] 1830

Scope and Content Note

France. Pencil drawing on paper and thin fabric; in oval paper mat, in glass and wood frame; 23.5x28.5cm.
 

Series II.  Cards and small printed items, circa 1750-1980

Scope and Content Note

Series includes greeting cards, advertising cards, montage cards, and backlit postcards, along with silhouttes (aka megalographs) and printed items that use transparency for their effects. Series arranged in three subseries.
 

Series IIA.  Cards, circa 1750-1950

Scope and Content Note

Subseries includes a group of greeting cards in the Biedermeier style, which were used in late 19th-century Germany and Austria to express thoughts of love and friendship. These cards “move” through pullout or foldout windows. Montage cards include games from France, Germany, and Spain (with several “metamorphosis instantaneas”) as well as an early example of a Walt Disney metamorphosis toy. Seven original albums with hundreds of illustrated Liebig Extract advertising cards show a broad range of themes appealing to popular imagery.
Box 10

Biedermeier cards, between 1790-1820

Scope and Content Note

28 colored engravings and 2 original drawings, most with moveable parts, depicting mythological, historical, and genre scenes. Of 3 types: Fold-out cards, pull-out cards, and hand-made cards. Cards are numbered 1-28.
Box 10

Fold-out cards:

Box 10

[Arcadian mythological scene depicting three female figures and a lyre player, possibly Apollo]

Scope and Content Note

411. A fold-out window discloses a short Romantic poem. Engraving; 8.5x10cm. [1]
Box 10

[Neoclassical scene with two women and Eros]

Scope and Content Note

Cästrin Trowitz Sch.; 409. A fold-out window discloses a short romantic poem; Engraving; 8.5x10cm. [2]
Box 10

Die Vorsicht erhöret

Scope and Content Note

Cüstrin Trowitz Sch.; 403. Card for friendship showing a classical scene: man in devotional pose and female figure, possibly personification of Friendship; a fold-out window discloses a short poem; verso shows a personal dedication; 8x10 cm. [3]
Box 10

[Garden feast and wine toss]

Scope and Content Note

A fold-out window discloses a short poem to wine and to the joys of life. Engraving; 8x9.5 cm. [4]
Box 10

[Scientist in his lab]

Scope and Content Note

Hand-drawn picture; fold-out window shows children looking inside the lab; 9x11cm. [5]
Box 10

Pull-out windows:

Box 10

[Young lady with moveable flower bouquets]

Scope and Content Note

Nürnberg; bei Riedel; 185. Engraving; 7x8.5cm. [1]
Box 10

[Family greeting card]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey G. Gruber.
With caption “Lohnt dich das Glück, bist du zufrieden / So sey noch vom Geschick” and fold-out window with caption “Familien Glück Dir beschieden”; a hand-written name, possibly Joh. Zü(mann, in verso; 7.5x9.5cm. [2]
Box 10

Ich habe dich so lieb

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey H. F. Müller; No. 108.
Personal dedication in verso; 7x9cm. [3]
Box 10

[Forget-me-not]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey H. F. Müller; No. 137. Flower vases display a pull-out window with picture and caption; 7.5 x 9.5cm. [4]
Box 10

[Guitar with pull-out song]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey H. F. Müller; No. 254. Family greetings in verso; 7.5 x 10cm. [5]
Box 10

[Putti and goddess figure]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey H. F. Müller; No. 259. Love and friendship card depicting putti flying over a cloud which turns into a female figure sitting on a lion and surrounded by putti; 8x 9.5cm. [6]
Box 10

[Old woman turning into young lady]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey H. F. Müller; No. 399.
Friendship card; personal dedication in verso; 9 x 7.5cm. [7]
Box 10

Alle haben masken vor dem Gesicht

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey H. F. Müller; No. 124. Friendship card with carnival masks and caption; 7.5 x 9.5cm. [8]
Box 10

[Man playing the harp, with pull-out image of woman listening]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; b[ey] Ignaz Eder; No. 24. 11.5x9.5cm. [9]
Box 10

[Country scene of man carrying a basket and a cord on his back]

Scope and Content Note

With pull-out image of woman popping out of the cord; 9x7.5cm. [10]
Box 10

[Winged putto on a cloud sending good wishes]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; Johann Neidl; No. 161. 9.5x7.2cm. [11]
Box 10

Freude Glück und Wonne

Scope and Content Note

Wien; Johann Neidl; No. 261. Friendship greeting card with pull-out window which shows little girl; 6.5x8.8cm. [12]
Box 10

[Tower opening to a view of a young dancing lady]

Scope and Content Note

Peepshow-type card; 11.5x8.5cm. [13]
Box 10

[Male hairdresser with Eros’ attributes: wings and cloth around his waist]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; Joh. Schönberg; No. 79. 10.3x7.5cm. [14]
Box 10

Aus Achtung Pflicht und Dankbarkeit

Scope and Content Note

Wien; Anton Berka; No. 108. Thank you card; 107x8cm. [15]
Box 10

Das Bild der frohen Zukunft giebt uns munser Kaiser Vater Franz

Scope and Content Note

Wien; J. Adamek; 132. With pull-out window depicting allegories of religion, agriculture, sea and trading, science and the arts; 10.5x8.5cm. [16]
Box 10

[Young man turning into old man]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey A. Paterno.
Engraving; personal dedication in verso; 10.5x8.3cm. [17]
Box 10

[Types by water mills]

Scope and Content Note

Wien; bey J. Bermann; No. 295. 7.5x9.4cm. [18]
Box 10

[Bouquet of flowers hiding an angel]

Scope and Content Note

Augsburg; bey Antor Hauser; 62. Personal dedication in verso; 10.8x8cm. [19]
Box 10

[Young woman lifting wreath of flowers]

Scope and Content Note

München; bei J. Sidler; 74. Personal dedication on verso; 10.3x8cm. [20]
Box 10

[Countryside scene turning into an interior one with man playing music]

Scope and Content Note

Prague; J. Seidan; N.o 41. 9.5x12.3cm. [21]
Box 10

Hand-made cards:

Box 10

[Dutch example with personal dedications] 1796

Scope and Content Note

Netherlands. Hand-drawn water-color.
Box 10

[Dutch example with personal dedications] 1800

Scope and Content Note

Netherlands. Hand-drawn water-color.
Box 11

32 cards showing montage, undated

Box 11

[Coffee-grinder]

Physical Description: 3x9.5cm. [1]
Box 11

[The black cat]

Scope and Content Note

The Netherlands. Flirtation; 15x9cm. [2]
Box 11

Good old days

Scope and Content Note

Irenco Robert Bier AB; Bastugatan 43, 117 25 Stockholm; 08/69 10 12; Original 1909. Series Good Old Days # 271 [3]
Box 11

[The glass of wine]

Scope and Content Note

Flirtation; foldable postcard; 14x9cm. [4]
Box 11

Bestrafte Neugier!

Scope and Content Note

Foldable postcard; 14x9cm. [5]
Box 11

[Romantic postcard]

Physical Description: 9x14cm. [6]
Box 11

Es hat Alles zwei Seiten! Diese ist die andere

Physical Description: 9x14cm. [7]
Box 11

St. Valentine's Hamper

Physical Description: 15.5x10cm. [8]
Box 11

The lover's seat, A spoon ‘neath the moon

Scope and Content Note

Part of the Milton Series; Woolstone Bros.; London E. C.; The Milton View Novelty; England. Postcard with souvenir views from Saltburn and handwritten letter. [9]
Box 11

Schnell photographie

Scope and Content Note

Magic photographie; 7.5x5cm. [10]
Box 11

Guguss est mort, Guguss ressuscite

Scope and Content Note

Paris; Au bon marché; Advertisement card; Rue du Bac, Rue de Sèvres, Rue de Babylone, Rue Velpeau; Imp. A. Mulcey. St. Etienne.
12.5x8.5cm.; Story sequence on two sides of card. [11]
Box 11

Le telephone bar

Scope and Content Note

Paris; Au bon marché; Advertisement card; Rue du Bac, Rue de Sèvres, Rue de Babylone, Rue Velpeau; Imp. A. Mulcey. St. Etienne.
12.5x8.5cm.; Story sequence on two sides of card. [12]
Box 11

N'éveillez pas le chat qui dort

Scope and Content Note

Paris; Au bon marché; Advertisement card; Rue du Bac, Rue de Sèvres, Rue de Babylone, Rue Velpeau; Imp. A. Mulcey. St. Etienne. 12.5x8.5cm.
Story sequence on two sides of card. [13]
Box 11

Instantaneas Metamorphosis 11 items

Scope and Content Note

No. 1-10 and one unnumbered. All 10.3x6.3cm. [14-24]
Box 11

Walt Disney's book of puzzle discs, circa 1950?

Scope and Content Note

A Welcom’ product; by Williams, Ellis & Co.; Ltd. London, S.E.; copyright Walt Disney Production. No. 1 series. 4 discs of cutouts to draw 4 Walt Disney's characters; 19x21cm. [25]
Box 11

[Clown]

Scope and Content Note

Germany. Series 302. Game of metamorphosis in whcih the image changes by sliding part of the card up and down (not functioning). 14x9cm. [26]
Box 11

[Woman admiring flower]

Scope and Content Note

Germany. Series 303. Game of metamorphosis in which the image changes by sliding part of the card up and down (not functioning). 14x9cm. [27]
Box 11

Hony soit qui mal y pense mais faites attention commen ça va

Scope and Content Note

Postcard with sequenced story in pullout window; 9x14cm. [28]
Box 11

La carte postale de 12,003 mots Pierre Raikoff

Physical Description: 14x9cm. [29]
Box 11

[Hunting scene in three sequences]

Scope and Content Note

Signed A.B. Open: 10.5x22cm. [30]
Box 11

[Adage about laurel on the hat]

Scope and Content Note

With pull-out window and verses in rhyme in German; 14x9cm. [31]
Box 11

[Mothers-in-law]

Scope and Content Note

With pull-out window and verses in rhyme in German; 14x9cm. [32]
Box 11

Funny Jungleland Moving-pictures, 1909

Scope and Content Note

W. K. Kellogg; Battle Creek, Mich.; Copyright 1909; Patented Jan. 15, 1907; Advertisement for Kellogg. Montage book; on the same principle as Metamorphosis instantaneas, cutouts over a three page foldout; 23x17cm.
Box 12-18

Liebig albums of advertising cards, 1800s

Physical Description: 7 albums

Scope and Content Note

Liebig Company Fleisch Ex-tract; Printed in Argentina, Uruguay, Germany, and Italy. Series 1-3 and 5-8] in original Liebig collecting albums; cards illustrate various topics: theater plays, cities and landscapes, scientists, musicians, races, character types, love themes; children's stories, exotic places, birds, battles, etc.
Box 12

Album für Liebig-Bilder

Physical Description: 80 pp., 480 cards; 5x32.5x24cm.
Box 13

Album für Liebig-Bilder

Physical Description: 60pp., 360 cards; 4x32x24cm.
Box 14

Album für Liebig-Bilder

Physical Description: 120 pp., 720 cards; 7.5x32x24cm.
Box 15

Liebig-Bilder Album

Physical Description: 50pp., 300 cards; 3.5x29x27.5cm.
Box 16

Liebig-Bilder

Physical Description: circa 240pp., ca.1040 cards; 2x31.5x27.8cm.
Box 17

Album für Liebig-Bilder

Physical Description: 88pp., 528 cards; 4.5x34.5x31.8cm.
Box 18

Album für Liebig-Bilder

Physical Description: 78pp., 488 cards; 4.5x31x28.5cm.
 

Series IIB.  Silhouettes, 1780-1980

Scope and Content Note

Subseries includes a set of over one hundred 18th-century paper silhouettes (i.e. megalographs), which depict popular and historical figures, trades, and characters (see Appendix 3 in the repository's Research Files for an item listing of the megalographs). There is one metal megalograph made by Nekes himself, circa 1980. Also in this subseries are cutouts and silhouette pictures made as advertisements for chocolate and cookies, and given away as collectibles.
Box 19

Megalographs, 1780-1814

Scope and Content Note

132 megalographs that show historical, religious and mythical figures of the 18th-century culture, including political leaders, artists, trades and caricatures. Most are from The Netherlands, most artists are anonymous. With 8 pp. photocopied articles. See appendix in the repository's Research file for a detailed list of the megalographs with transcribed titles, (when applicable/readable).
Box 19

[Chocolat Guerin-Boutron] late 1800s

Scope and Content Note

France; Chocolats de qualité supérieure Guérin-Boutron; 29 Boulevard Poissonnière; Paris; F. Champenoise. One megalographic card for advertisement of chocolate brand; 6.5x5.5cm.
Box 19

[Portrait du comique prince] late 1800s

Scope and Content Note

France; modele deposé L. G.; Maurice Rouchier, Poitiers; Paris, Imprimerie Moderne, 47 Boulevard Ménilmontant. One megalographic card for advertisement of Les biscuits du Poitou; Instructions read: “Découpez les parties noires de cette Tête vous aurez par l'ombre le portrait du comique Prince.”
Box 19

[Bust of woman] circa 1980

Scope and Content Note

Germany; made by Werner Nekes for demonstration. One metal megalograph; made on a brass leaf; 9.5x8cm.
 

Series IIC.  Transformative images, 1820-1920

Scope and Content Note

This subseries contains over one hundred early 20th-century postcards mostly of European cities and sites (including German military propaganda) which, when backlit, dissolve from day to night scenes, a modern development of the vue d'optique. Also included are five polyorama discs (lacking the proper viewing device), and a set of twenty prints by William Spooner, which he called protean because, with the use of lighting, the images change. These depict English monuments, landscapes, and public events as well as biblical and war scenes.
Box 20

Backlit postcards, 1890-1920

Scope and Content Note

129 translucent postcards of day-to-night scenes, arranged geographically. Produced in Germany and France. Number of postcards of each topic noted in parenthesis.
Box 20

German cities

Scope and Content Note

Aachen (1); Berlin (13); Bingen (1); Blankensee (1); Bremen (2); Charlottenburg (1); Chemnitz (1); Drachenfels (1); Ems (1); Frankfurt (1); Hamburg (9) (1st is planned for exhibition); Hannover (5); Heidelberg (1); Hildesheim (1); Insterburg (1); Kaiser Wilhelm Kanal (1); Karlsruhe (1); Köln (29); Leipzig (1); Mainz (4); München (7); Nürnberg (3); Potsdam (1); Riesengebirge (2); Rüdesheim (1); Schlangenbad (1); Schneekoppe (1); Stuttgart (1); Weimar (1); Wiesbaden (4).
Box 20

Non-German cities

Scope and Content Note

Barcelona (5) (1st is planned for exhibition); Bradford (1); Glasgow (4); Lilienstein (1); London (2); Paris (4); Philadelphia (1); St. Louis, Missouri (1); Tölz (1); Wien (2).
Box 20

Miscellanea

Scope and Content Note

German military propaganda (8); New year's greeting card (1).
Box 21

Polyorama discs

Scope and Content Note

5 round paper discs (viewer not included); 1-3 on metal frame; 4-5 lacking frames; diam. 8cm. [Villa by lake]; [Castle and village]; [Harbor scene with windmill in background]; [Church interior]; [Doge palace, Venice]
Box 21

Spooner Protean prints, 1820-1840

Physical Description: 22 prints

Scope and Content Note

London; William Spooner; 377 Strand. Prints that change when held against a light.
Box 21

[A snow scene that, on being held before a strong light, changes to a perspective of a tunnel]

Scope and Content Note

Spooner Protean view no. 2. Mounted on board; colored; 21x28.5cm.
Box 21

St. George's Chapel Windsor Castel that changes to the splendid ceremony of the interment of King William the Fourth London

Scope and Content Note

Spooner's Protean View no. 8; William Spooner; 377 Strand. 18x14cm.
Box 21

[An Italian scene that changes to a moonlight view with a funeral procession]

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no. 9. Mounted on board; colored; 21x28.5cm.
Box 21

[An Italian scene that changes to a moonlight view with a funeral procession]

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no. 9. Same as above; not colored; not mounted on board; without backing tissue paper.
Box 21

Green park

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no.11. Title and series in pencil. mounted on board; colored; 21x28.5cm.
Box 21

An interior of a cathedral with the celebration of midnight mass

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no. 23. Not mounted; colored; 18.5x22.5
Box 21

The new house of parliament, which seems to rise from the ruins and conflagration of the old buildings

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no. 25. Not mounted on board; not colored; 22x19cm.
Box 21

St. Paul Cathedral shewing the booths of the city companies & Christ's Hospital on the Queens visit to Guildhall

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no. 26. Captions read: “Victoria our friend / Edward our founder”; not mounted on board; not colored; 21.6x19.3cm.
Box 21

Poet's corner, Westminster Abbey, changing to the shades of Shakespeare, Scott & Byron

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no. 29. Not mounted on board; colored; 22x19cm.
Box 21

St. Jean d'Acri changing to the bombardment by the British & allied fleet, Nov.r 3.d 1840

Scope and Content Note

Spooner protean view no. 39; R. S. Harst, lith, 244 Strand. Ships names read: Thunder, Phenix; not mounted on board; colored; 19x22.5cm.
Box 21

Jordan

Scope and Content Note

Scriptural [protean view] no. 3; in pencil. Colored cutout; 15x18.3cm.
Box 21

[The city of Jerusalem changing to the entry of Our Saviour]

Scope and Content Note

Scriptural protean view no. 4; by G. F. Bragg; Printed by W. Kohler. Not colored; not cut out; 19x22cm.
Box 21

[The city of Jerusalem changing to the entry of Our Saviour]

Scope and Content Note

[Scriptural protean view no. 4; by G. F. Bragg; Printed by W. Kohler].
Same as above but without title and publishing information because cut. Colored; 15x18.2cm.
Box 21

Haverford Priory

Scope and Content Note

Spooner's transparencies no. 2. Mounted on cardboard; colored; 21x28.5cm.
Box 21

Haddon Hall-Derbyshire

Scope and Content Note

Spooner's transparencies no. 6. Mounted on cardboard; colored; 21.5x28.5cm.
Box 21

[Winter changing to summer]

Scope and Content Note

Mounted on cardboard; colored; 16x20cm.
Box 21

Chartres cathedral

Scope and Content Note

Title in pencil; not mounted on cardboard; colored; 15.2x17.5cm.
Box 21

[Coronation of queen]

Scope and Content Note

Not mounted on cardboard; colored; 18.5x14.3cm.
Box 21

[Welcome V. R.]

Scope and Content Note

Banners in the scene read “Welcome V. R.”; not mounted on cardboard; colored; 16.3x18.5cm.
Box 21

[Night scene of church]

Scope and Content Note

Not mounted on cardboard; colored; 14x18cm.
Box 21

[Tunnel changing to a celebration in a park]

Scope and Content Note

Unreadable caption in pencil; not mounted on cardboard; colored; 14x19cm.
Box 21

[City scene]

Scope and Content Note

Not mounted on cardboard; colored; 12x17cm.
 

Series III.  Artifacts, 1700- circa 1980

Scope and Content Note

Series includes optical instruments and artists’ aids as well as viewers designed to exhibit prints (including those in Series I and II) while creating special effects through backlighting, movement or transformation.
An 18th-century mirrored cone of Dutch origin is used to transform and view the accompanying 13 water-colored anamorphic pictures. The anamorphic images are possibly part of a series introduced by the title/proverb in Old Dutch “Verwagt nog beeter” (“expect even better”). The zograscope is used to enlarge and view non-pricked vues d'optique. Artists’ aids include a box-form camera obscura used for drawing images from nature, a camera lucida and a pocket-size Lorrain mirror. Another camera obscura in the form of a large wooden book perhaps had a twofold purpose as a camera obscura and as a viewer for non-backlit vues d'optique.
Objects that functioned as toys and games include montage toys (functioning by simple juxtaposition of images or parts of images, such as a myriorama by Friedrich Campe, a physionotrace, and a number of mica overlays), flipbooks and rebus games, as well as moving toys (e.g. the magnetic lottery or “Magic painter,” which rotates by means of a hidden magnet, the polymorphoscope with a multifaceted rotating lens which multiplies the single image painted on a glass slide, and a Spanish-made metal figure, moved by balancing a counterweight). A florentine stone, although a natural object, has a pattern that resembles the profile of a metropolis. A one-lens magic lantern (the English Praestantia, by the Riley Brothers) is accompanied by 18 slides of different sizes which represent the variety of slides made for the 19th-century commercial market.
Peepshows are represented by a variety of three-dimensional paper theaters ranging from perspective theaters designed Martin Engelbrecht (see Appendix 2) in the 18th century, to early-20th century paper souvenirs illustrating foreign places, legendary events, religious icons and fairy-tales characters. A particularly detailed item in this category is a many layered peepshow from 18th-century central Europe depicting a sumptuous religious festival. Another kind of paper theater is represented by the Ombres Chinoises, a popular miniature shadow theater from France which includes four backdrops. These depict theatrical shows such as the serpentine dance (an allusion to Loie Fuller), a town carnival, and the grand fountains at Versailles.
There are two sets of late 19th-century thaumatropes (i.e. “wheel of wonder”) from Germany and from France. Thaumatropes are small paper discs (with a diameter of approximately 2 1/2 inches) with related images on each side which merge into one another when they are twirled by the strings attached at the sides of the discs. Also included is a set of moving panoramas, i.e. the discs to be viewed with a phenakistoscope, included in this collection, made in the 1830's by the English company S. W. Fores Optical Illusions. These panorama discs, of approximately 8” in diameter, depict sequential scenes displayed in segments and are viewed while rotating in front of a mirroring surface. The collection holds another set of three discs made in Germany in the same period.
Two different types of hand-held stereoscopes are included in this series: one based on Oliver Wendell Holmes’ model, and one made by David Brewster (1781-1868) in England. Two pictures (one from Germany and one from England) accompany the Holmes’ type stereoscope. These slides display two separate images adjacent to each other (for example a bird and a cage) which, when viewed through the stereoscope, merge into one whole scene. A third stereoscope in the collection is the large column stereo viewer (Box 75**). A set of about 80 glass stereoscopic slides depict panoramic views mostly of European landscapes, city monuments and wars (with a few views of Middle Eastern sites).
Six viewers designed to view backlit images include: two polyorama panoptiques in large and small formats, a moving panorama, meant to be backlit with candlelight and depicting a tour through London's squares, and a French viewing stand with twelve oval backlit prints of famous cities and monuments including Paris, London, and Constantinople. In this group also is included a 15 ft-long rolled panorama depicting the route from Hamburg to Altona, a lithophane lamp-shade, and a wooden foldable viewing box with two lenses (to allow two viewers at the same show) for backlit vues d'optique.
Box 22

Konus-spigel, 1700

Scope and Content Note

The Netherlands. Cone viewer for anamorphic images; 7.8x8.4 cm.; in original box.
Box 23

Anamorphic pictures, 1700

Scope and Content Note

13 square hand drawn, watercolor anamorphic pictures, with hand-written numbers in parenthesis (1-4, 6, 8-12, 15, 17, 18). Contemporary with cone viewer in box 22. On verso of all pictures appear initials in ink: AVM. ca.27x27 cm.
Box 24

Camera lucida = Chambre claire universelle, undated

Scope and Content Note

With 12 lenses in box; 28x6x2.5 cm. box.
Box 25

Nouvelle Chambre Claire Universelle, undated

Scope and Content Note

Par P. Bervil-le; 25, Rue de la Chaussée -d'Antin; [Ed. Hemmelé ?]; Paris. Booklet. On cover: Notice explicative sur la chambre claire universelle brevetée S. G. D. G.; Appareil permanent de reduire, agrandir, copier des paysages, portraits, documents, objets etc. rapidement et exactement (25 pp. with some illustrations); 17x12.3 cm.
Box 26

Lorrain mirror, 1800s

Scope and Content Note

German? Used by artists for translating colors into graded shades for drawing; also reduces scale; 8x7x1.5 cm.
Box 27

Box-form camera obscura, 1860

Scope and Content Note

La nature calquée directement; B.A. Paris; 9359 Imp. Hemmerlé et Cie. With instructions in French and drawers for supplies; portable; 13.5x14.5x24.8 cm. and lens tube 4x4 cm.
Rectangular wooden box divided with biconvex lens, a mirror (displayed diagonally at 45o across the area), glass on the upper surface of the box, and a lid that can be lifted. Instructions in French suggest placing tracing paper on the glass to trace the image reflected by the mirror. Contains two small compartments for tools storage; 13x4.5x4.5 cm. and 13x4.5x3 cm. Below these are two small drawers, 13x11.5x3 cm.
Box 28**

Theatre de l'Univers, circa 1750

Scope and Content Note

Made in France. A camera obscura shaped like a book; title on “spine”; possibly used also as a viewer for vues d'optique; 10x36x55 cm.; when opened to 90 degrees, turns into an optical device. A vue d'optique placed inside is reflected in the mirror (10.5x13 cm.) which is angled at 45 degrees on the top of the book cover and is joined to a bi-convex lens (5x10 cm.); when unfolded the book-form camera obscura measures 56 cm. in height.
Box 29**

Zograscope, circa 1750

Scope and Content Note

Made in Holland. Used to view, focus, and enlarge prints. Also known in contemporary sources as “show glass” or “diagonal mirror,” it was named zograscope by instrument-maker George Adams; wood and glass; 26x51x20 cm. diam.
Box 30

Florentine / Tuscany pictorial stone, undated

Scope and Content Note

With illusionary landscape; 13x8.5x1 cm.
See also Box 1* folder 11 for print of florentine stone and of dendrites. Cfr. Baltrusaitis, Aberrations. Chapter 2, Pictorial stones.
Box 31

Friedr[ich] Protzen's Kupfer Schablonen, 1880

Scope and Content Note

Germany; Kupfer-Schablonen- Fabri-ck von Friedr. Protzen; Unter den Linden 24. Bel-Etage im Gerold'-schen Hause; Ber-lin.
Children's game of 17 copper plates used as stencils for painting; 2.3x12x7.3 cm.; plates circa 6x7 cm. and smaller; with original charcoal pencil.
Box 32

[Magnetic lottery] 1770

Scope and Content Note

Austria or The Netherlands.Wood; On verso of box hand-written caption reads: A French ... / This is 80 / years old / 1894 / M. F. Walker/ Clefton House / Searbis; 11.5x12.2x2.5cm. Plus 4 colored wood slides with pictures on both faces, depicting: landscapes, 2 still lives, and a portrait; 10.5x11 cm.
Repository has another copy of this item: see Le peintre abile, or, Magic painter, Special Collections accn. no. 96.R.58.
Box 33

Polymorphoscope, 1840

Scope and Content Note

England. With faceted and convex lens; 23x8x7 cm. (3x 4.5 cm. diameter viewer).
Plus 10 slides, hand-painted on glass; 5.5x7.5cm. and smaller: 1. bees; 2. parrot; 3. butterfly; 4. clown's face; 5. wind-mill; 6. old woman face; 7. man and woman; 8. two men with joining noses; 9. swan [cracked glass]; 10. [Untitled].
Box 34

Pop-out card game, circa 1850-1890

Scope and Content Note

France. 16 cards show historical scenes with 8 pop-out holes which contain questions and answers; 13x18.5cm.
Box 35

Rebus game, circa 1700-1750

Scope and Content Note

France. 23 playing cards illustrate rebus images, plus a card with explanations. Original set of 24 cards, No. 19 missing; 11.5x8.2cm.
Box 36

Myriorama, undated

Scope and Content Note

Germany; Nürnberg; bei Fredrich Campe. 16 parts; Classical ruins landscape; 19.5x7cm.
Box 37

Physionotrace, circa 1800-1850

Scope and Content Note

England. Man's profile on paper plus cutouts to change his physiognomy and dress (12 noses, 2 hats, 1 uniform); picture drawn on cardboard; 12.8x10.2cm.
Box 38

Comic metamorphoses for boys = Komisches Metamorphosenspiel für Knaben = Les métamorphoses jeu comique pour les garçons = Komik. Verrandelings Spel voor Jongens, circa 1820

Scope and Content Note

Made in England or Germany. Wooden box with cards in three segments from letter “a” through “m” to create various figure (horizontal montage game); hand-colored titles in four languages; initials Frk. in corner; 21x13.5cm.
Box 39

Spanish animation toy, 1890

Scope and Content Note

A man with a cane, made of metal stands balanced by a counterweight; 23.5x16cm.; 45cm. long.
Box 40

Metamorphosis / Montage, Flip books, 1840

Physical Description: 2 books
Box 40

Klappbilderbuch so oder so, undated

Scope and Content Note

Germany. 12. heitere Doppel-bilder gezeichnet v. Leo-nhardt Diefenbach u. a. Kunstlern. 12 double pages; 18x21 cm.
Box 40

Neues Verwandlungs-Bilderbuch : zur Unterhaltung und Belustingung der heiteren Jugend mit sechs Doppelbildern in lithograph, undated

Scope and Content Note

Farbendruck, Germany. Verlag von J. F. Shcreiber [sic]; Esslingen; Original Steinzei-chnungen von Maler W. von Breitschwert.
Title page is a xerox; 27x22 cm.
Box 40

Magic picture book = Bilder-Zauberei = Livre de la magie graphique, 1860

Scope and Content Note

Germany; Nürnberg; D. u. V. v. Tauber & Geek. 12cm.
Box 40

Novelty! Metamorphoses Picture-Book = Verwandlungs-Bilder-Buch = Nouveauté! Livre de Metamorphoses, 1850

Scope and Content Note

Germany. Foldout in three parts with montage cutouts in the central section.
Box 41

Paper overlays, circa 1750-1790

Scope and Content Note

England. Written caption: “heads drawn by Samuel Archdale Beddouse”; Burritt and Hudson 85 Cheap-side; blindstamp.
Head with characters; consists of 39 hand-drawn paper overlays with identification or comments and 1 portrait on cardboard; in modern green box: 21x119 cm.
Box 42

[Portrait with costumes] circa 1700

Scope and Content Note

7 oval mica overlays (8.5x6.5 cm.); and 1 oval paper portrait, with a walnut box; 13x10 cm. The mica overlays have costumes painted on them which, when laid on top of the portrait, change the character of the portrait.
Box 43

[Indian trades] 1820-1860

Scope and Content Note

11 mica overlays illustrate Indian trades 11.5x8 cm.; and 1 card; 11.5x7.5 cm.;
Box 44

[Birds] 1800s

Physical Description: 1. 10.8x15.3cm.; (in bad condition) 2. 10.8x15 cm.; (in bad condition) 3. 11x15.5 cm.; (in good condition)

Scope and Content Note

English. 3 single mica cards depict birds
Box 45

[Purse-shaped montage] circa 1750-1790

Scope and Content Note

4 cards and portrait; military uniforms and ethnic costumes; 6.5x7 cm.; cards: 6.2x6.2 cm.
Box 46**

Magic lantern slides, undated

Physical Description: 18 slides

Scope and Content Note

#6-18 slides are framed; some have mechanic devices to rotate or move the images. 1-5 are smaller single-glass slides without any mechanism to produce movement.
Box 46**

[Cartoon figures]

Box 46**

[Harlequin: 2 sequences]

Scope and Content Note

With French text written on slide.
Box 46**

[Racial and ethnic types]

Physical Description: 2 slides
Box 46**

[Cartoon depicting man smoking and causing an explosion]

Scope and Content Note

Numbered 5-8.
Box 46**

[Boat at sea]

Scope and Content Note

Newton & Co. Opticians; Fleet St.; London.
Box 46**

[Chromatrope]

Scope and Content Note

Newton & Co. Opticians; Fleet St.; London.
Box 46**

[Two characters looking at each other]

Box 46**

[Childrens’ parade]

Scope and Content Note

Newton & Co. Opticians; Fleet St.; London.
Box 46**

[Magician's tricks: 3 sequences]

Box 46**

[Three landscapes]

Scope and Content Note

N.B., Black background is chipping.
Box 46**

[Burlesque scene of man riding a donkey: 3 sequences]

Box 46**

[Phantasmagoria: 3 sequences]

Box 46**

[Village fair]

Box 46**

[Caricatures and types]

Physical Description: 4 slides
Box 47**

Praestantia, circa 1885-1900

Scope and Content Note

Bradford, England; Riley Brothers. Magic lantern with one lens (diam. 4.5cm.); iron, brass, and glass, with electric bulb; 23.5x13x35.5cm. Top part of magic lantern has label: M. D. & S. J. Wilks / 26 Errwood Avenue / Temple Meads / Buxton / Derbys. SK17 9BD / Tel. Buxton 3821. Date from Magic images, p. 27.
Box 48

Paper peep shows, 1939

Box 48

World of tomorrow : New York World's Fair 1789-1939, 1939

Scope and Content Note

Copyright by Elizabeth Sage Hare & Warren Chappeu. Proscenium plus 4 layers and backdrop; 12.5x16.5x0.5 cm. (when folded).
Box 48

Le petit chaperon rouge, 1939

Scope and Content Note

Paris; Au bon mar-ché; Maison Aristide Boucicaut. Small peepshow; color; N.B., 1 small figure has separated from the peepshow, included.
Box 48

Mère du Sauveur, priez pour nous, 1939

Scope and Content Note

Paris; Villemur, éditeur; Rue de la Harpe, 55. Paper doily and peepshow with image of the Madonna; pricked; 11.5x7 cm.
Box 48

Nansen in the Polar regions, 1939

Scope and Content Note

Same as in Box 49 below; not mounted.
Box 49

Three small peepshows, 1920s

Scope and Content Note

London, Paris, New York; Raphael Tuck & Sons, Ltd. Printed in Germany. Each 10x5x8.5 cm.
Box 49

Nansen in the Polar regions

Scope and Content Note

See also Box 48.
Box 49

Mount Vesuvius, Italy

Box 49

Lake Lucerne, Switzerland.

Box 50

[Religious festival] circa 1830-1875

Scope and Content Note

Elaborate peepshow, with 62 accordion folds, that expands to 1.30 m. x 47 cm. high. Origin unknown (Northern France or Netherlands?). Hand-painted Church interior displays a religious feast.
Box 51

Engelbrecht perspective theaters: large format, 1700s

Physical Description: 7 theaters

Scope and Content Note

Most cited in La camera dei sortilegi, as noted.
Box 51

[Praesentation einer Hirsch-Jagd]

Scope and Content Note

Series no. 14; sheets [89], 90-94; 5 parts and backdrop. Cfr. La camera dei sortilegi, p. 60.
Box 51

[Praesentation eines scharffen Rencontre]

Scope and Content Note

Series no. 18; sheets 114-118; 3 parts and backdrop. Cfr. La camera dei sortilegi, p. 60.
Box 51

Präsentation der Italiänischen Comödianten, circa 1700

Scope and Content Note

I. Wachmuht inv. et del. Series n.o 22; sheets 137-142; proscenium and 4 parts and 2 different backdrops (both numbered 142, a garden view and the background theater interior); large format, part of 20x20 cm. Cfr. La camera dei sortilegi, p. 49 and p. 60.
Box 51

[Praesentation des Markus Platzes in Venedig]

Scope and Content Note

Series no. 35; sheets [225], [...], [...], [...], [231]; proscenium and 3 parts and backdrop. Cfr. La camera dei sortilegi, p. 60.
Box 51

Representation d'un joutte sur l'eau

Scope and Content Note

Alternate title: [Praesentation eines schönen Fischer Stechen]
Series no. 47; sheets ; 2 parts and backdrop. Cfr. La camera dei sortilegi, p. 61.
Box 51

[Theater]

Scope and Content Note

Series no. 48; sheets 317, 319, 320, [321], [322]; proscenium and 4 parts and backdrop.
Box 51

[Der Bethlehemitische Kindermort]

Scope and Content Note

Series no. 57; sheets [379], 380-385; proscenium and 5 parts and backdrop; colored engraving; 17x19cm. Cfr. La camera dei sortilegi, p. 37 and p. 61; also at Milan, Museo della Scala; Munich, Bayerische National-museum; and Augsburg, Staats und Stadt Bibliothek.
Box 52

Engelbrecht perspective theaters: medium format, circa 1720

Physical Description: 12 theaters

Scope and Content Note

Theaters are partial, with pieces missing.
Box 52

[Roman military camp] circa 1720

Scope and Content Note

5 parts and 1 backdrop and 1 synthesis sheet; hand colored on parchment, this set is constituted of two originally separate sets, which however present the same handwriting on the verso of the various layers: layers 1, 2, 3, belong to one set; layers 4-6 belong to another; 8.5X13 cm.
Box 52

[Channel with northern city in background]

Scope and Content Note

4 parts (2 missing). Cfr. La camera dei sortilegi, p.57.
Box 52

[Court life]

Scope and Content Note

3 parts and backdrops.
Box 52

[Villa with garden]

Scope and Content Note

1 part and backdrop.
Box 52

[Kitchen interior]

Scope and Content Note

1 part and synthesis sheet.
Box 52

[Village with ruins]

Scope and Content Note

3 parts and synthesis sheet; possibly part 2 belongs to a different set.
Box 52

[Synagogue lectern]

Scope and Content Note

1 part.
Box 52

[Joseph into the pit]

Scope and Content Note

2 parts.
Box 52

[Daniel in the lions’ den]

Scope and Content Note

1 backdrop.
Box 52

[Christ's life]

Scope and Content Note

1 part and backdrop.
Box 52

[Winter]

Scope and Content Note

1 part; copy of item #4 in Box 53, 3rd layer.
Box 52

[Spring]

Scope and Content Note

2 parts and synthesis sheet; copy of item #1 in Box 53, layers 2 and 4.
Box 53

The Four Seasons, Engelbrecht perspective theaters: medium format, circa 1720

Box 53

[Spring]

Scope and Content Note

5 parts and backdrop.
Box 53

Perspectivische Vortellung eines schönen Garten

Scope and Content Note

Summer. 5 parts and backdrop.
Box 53

Perspectivische Vorstellung des Englischen Grüsses und der Heimsuchung Maria

Scope and Content Note

Fall. Proscenium and 5 parts and backdrop.
Box 53

[Winter]

Scope and Content Note

5 parts and backdrop.
Box 54

Engelbrecht viewer, 1800s

Scope and Content Note

Augsburg. With glass lens and opaque white glass lid. A horizontal wooden box with a modern lens and internal grooves to hold the layers of an Engelbrecht theater.
Box 55

Thaumatropes disks, circa 1900

Physical Description: 5 disks

Scope and Content Note

England. 6.4 cm. diam. each.
1-2. The juggler (2 copies); 3-4. Jack in the box (2 copies); 5. Get cracking
Box 55

Jeu du Thaumatrope, 1890

Scope and Content Note

France; Paris. Académie des arts graphiques; 18, Rue Malher. 10.5x16.5x2 cm. 10 paper thaumatropes, in cardboard box diameter 7.5 cm. 1. Au cirque; 2. Una grande représentation; 3. L'Oiseau e'énvole; 4. L'Aquarium; 5. La Malle des Indes; 6. Il était une Bergère; 7. La force prime le droit; 8. Sur le pont d'Avignon; 9. C'est la Mère Michel; 10. Steeple-Chase.
Box 56

Handle for Moving panorama

Scope and Content Note

Aka spindle doodle. Made by the repository to be used with panorama in Box 57
Box 57

Fores's Moving Panorama or Optical Illusions, giving life and activity to inanimate objects : a nut for philosophers; to be viewed with a phenakistoscope , circa 1833-1834

Scope and Content Note

London; S. W. Fores Optical Illu-sions, Publ.d at 41, Picadilly; S. W. Fores. Cardboard portfolio with set of 7 large English disks; 23.5 cm. diam., and 3 small German hand-colored disks (unknown maker); 19 cm. diam.
Box 58

Ombres Chinoises, 1880

Scope and Content Note

France, Paris; L. Saussine Éditeur. Large box with frame and groove to hold placards and rolls used to hang paper, 38x54x9.5 cm.; and 4 placards (paper on wood frame, fragile, colored lithograph?, badly ripped).
1. Danse serpentine dans la cage aux lions, signed Ludovic, 35x42cm.; 2. A Victor Hugo, 35x42 cm.; 3. [Town carnival] 35x42 cm.; 4. Grand eaux a Versailles; signed Ludovic, 35x42 cm.
Box 59

Wooden hand stereoscope, 1860s or later

Scope and Content Note

Holmes type, made in Germany? 19x32x10 cm.; lens 8x16 cm.
Box 59

Stereoscopic cards

Physical Description: 2 cards

Scope and Content Note

When viewed through the stereoscope, the two parts of the image overlap, creating an optical illusion.
Box 59

[Cage and bird]

Scope and Content Note

Germany; Series no. 4.
Box 59

[Man at table waiting to be served by woman who is entering the room with a dish]

Scope and Content Note

London; William Spooner, 379 Strand; Series no 5. Caption: “Optical transpositions: great expectations, a magic novelty for the stereoscope.”
Box 60

Stereo viewer for backlit images, 1880

Scope and Content Note

Brewster type, made in England. Wood; 11x17x15 cm.
Box 61

Glass stereo slides, 1850s-1970s

Scope and Content Note

Images of expositions and panoramic views of European landscapes, made by various manufacturers. 81 slides in 4 small boxes (a-d) organized by country in alphabetical order. See list of individual slides in the repositories’ Research files.
Box 61

(a) Austria, Bohemia, England, France

Box 61

(b) Germany, Greece, Italy - art and architecture

Box 61

(c) Italy - war, Middle East

Box 61

(d) Spain, unidentified places

Box 62

51 metal stereograph plates

Scope and Content Note

To be used in the column stereo-viewer as ballast [see Box 75**]. Not original Nekes’ material; 17x8.5 cm.
Box 63**

Lithophanie lamp shade

Physical Description: Porcelain; 19.6x21.5 cm. diam.
Box 64**

Lithophanie lamp stem, silver,

Physical Description: 36x15 cm. brass; 21.5x14 cm.
Box 65**

In excursion to London, 1880

Scope and Content Note

Made in England. A panorama known as an “eidophusikon” or “moving panorama” with views of London, in a viewer for backlit prints. Wood and paper; candle holder in back of viewer. 18x17x9 cm.
Box 66

Längenpanorama Reise von Hamburg nach Altona, 1823

Scope and Content Note

A panorama scroll, made in Germany. 8x492 cm.
Box 66

Peter Suhrs, Panorama einer Reise von Hamburg nach Altona und zurück, 1909

Scope and Content Note

Erklärt von Dr. J. Heckscher; mit 7 Abbildungen. Berlin W. 30; Hermann Barsdorf Verlag; 1909. 136 pp.; 24x15.5 cm. Guidebook to a panorama.
Box 67**

Voyage Où Il Vous Plaira, 1860

Scope and Content Note

Viewer for backlit prints, with prints. Made in France. Prints are stamped with the name J. C. Nicolai. Viewing stand for front and back lighting, and 12 oval backlit prints:
1. Versailles; 2. Londres, La Tamise; 3. Somerset House, Bernard Castle; 4. Notre Dame de Paris; 5. Tunnel de Rolleboise (Chemin du Hàvre); 6-7.Constantinople; 8. Venise; 9. La Tamise et le Tunnel; 10. Arsenal de Toulon ; 11. Les Bains de Dieppe; 12. Lugano.
Box 68**

Viewer for backlit prints, circa 1750

Scope and Content Note

Vues d'optique viewer for two people, aka Guckkasten, made in Holland. Foldable; wood; h. 32.8 cm; w. 49.5 cm; d. 96 cm.
Box 69

Polyorama panoptique, 1850

Scope and Content Note

Brevet d'invention S. G.tie du Gouv.t; French.
Viewer for backlit prints composed of 3 parts: viewing lens on mahogany frame, a bellows (to regulate focus) and the slide box (slides are inserted from above); 12.5x16x14 cm.; paper, wood, and fabric; magnifying glass measures 3x3 cm. Cfr. Il mondo nuovo, p.103 and p.185. See backlit prints in Box 69.
Box 69

Backlit prints, 1850

Physical Description: 4 items

Scope and Content Note

Images on paper in wood frames; with colored backing paper and pin-pricks. For use in the Polyorama panoptique, Box 69.
[Venice: Doge palace] badly ripped, 14.5x9.5 cm.; La nuite de Noël en Angleterre, 14.5x9.5 cm.; Regent Street: la Bourse (Londres) 14.5x9.5 cm.; [Castle] 14.5x9.5 cm.
Box 70**

Polyorama panoptique et diagraphique pour dessiner d'apres nature, 1851

Scope and Content Note

France; Brevet d'invention S. G.tie du Gouv.t. Used also as a camera obscura. Viewer for translucent backlit images, composed of 3 parts: viewing lens on mahogany frame, a bellows (to regulate focus) and the slide box. Slides are inserted from the side to be viewed. Paper, wood, and fabric; 16.5 h. x 46 l. x 21.6 w. cm. See Box 7 for 18 images to be used with this type of viewer.
Box 75**

Wooden column stereo-viewer, late 1880s

Scope and Content Note

Made in France. Floor-standing. See Box 62** for metal plates to be used with stereo-viewer for ballast.