California Marine Fish Landings For 1972
and Designated Common Names of Certain Marine Organisms of California


Leo Pinkas

Marine Resources Regionand By

Doyle E. Gates and Herbert W. Frey

Marine Resources Region


Figure 1. Geographical areas used to summarize California Fisheries statistics.




Marine Resources Region


The protection, propagation, and wise utilization of California's living marine resources (established as common property by statute, Section 1600, Fish and Game Code) is dependent upon the welding of biological, environmental, economic, and sociological factors. Fundamental to each of these factors, as well as the entire management process, are harvest records. The California Department of Fish and Game began gathering commercial fisheries landing data in 1916. Commercial fish catches were first published in 1929 for the years 1926 and 1927. This report, the 32nd in the landing series, is for the calendar year 1972. It summarizes commercial fishing activities in marine as well as fresh waters and includes the catches of the sportfishing partyboat fleet.

Preliminary landing data are published annually in the circular series which also enumerates certain fishery products produced from the catch. The 1972 figures are contained in Circular No. 47, "Statistical Report of Fresh, Canned, Cured and Manufactured Fishery Products for 1972" (Bell, 1973).

California's fishery statistics are based on a system whereby fish dealers, processors, and operators of sportfishing partyboats send duplicate copies of their landing records to the Department. The system and methods used to collect commercial fishing records were fully described in Fish Bulletin 86, which reported the catch for 1950. In the intervening years, methods and equipment have been modified as conditions warranted, but the basic principles remain unchanged. Parke Young (1969) described the partyboat fishing log system in Fish Bulletin 145.

Statistical compilations are normally the result of the combined efforts of many people, this report is no exception. Credit for this publication truly belongs to the cooperating units of the fishing industry (fishermen, wholesale fish dealers, canners, and processors) and Department personnel responsible for the market receipt system which is designed to gather fishery landing data (namely, Fish and Game wardens, field office clerks, marine and anadromous fisheries biologists, and all members of the Marine Fisheries Statistical unit at Long Beach). My appreciation and thanks are extended to one and all.

Portions of the salmon statistics were collected under the Anadromous Fish Act Project: California A F C-12, Ocean Salmon Study and supported by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.



Tables in this bulletin summarize statistics of various fishery operations in California during 1972. Five types of activity are being reported this year: landings of commercial fishermen in California; imports of tuna from other states or foreign countries destined for processing in California; sport catches of the partyboat fleet; landings of inshore species used for bait; and catches of boats supplying live bait for sportfishing. In addition, the species composition of the 1972 ocean salmon landings is reported.

Statistics presented in this publication do not encompass all fishing activities in California since not all of these functions are reported. For example: sportfishing from private boats or from shore is not reported, nor is the quantity of fish imported for use in a fresh state compiled. Some facets of the sportfishing industry, other than the partyboat fleet are sampled by Department biologists but since these are specific studies the results are not reported here.

The landing bulletin series has, for over 20 years, been relatively stable in its format and presentations.

New fisheries (sea urchin), evolving fishery practices (aerial scouting for swordfish), and changing sociological needs (environmental impact statements) all create demands for additional and/or new statistical presentations. To satisfy these needs some table formats have been altered (Table 5, fishing boat lengths), new tables have been added (speciation and percent composition of the salmon catch), and additional detail has been included in existing tables (speciation of abalone landings, various tables).

Principal changes this year encompass nomenclature, new abalone conversion factors, commercial fish landings from inland waters separated from marine landings, and inclusion of landing data of marine plants.


Data concerning each commercial landing, inshore bait delivery, and import are recorded on receipts by fish dealers or processors at the time of delivery. Copies of these documents are transmitted to the Department twice each month. For each transaction, the dealer is required to provide the species, weight and price paid to the fishermen. The date of the transaction, the fisherman's name, the fishing boat registration number, and intended use of the fish (canning, fresh, etc.) also are required. In addition, type of gear used and the specific area where the fish were caught usually are reported.

Partyboat catch data are obtained from logs completed by the boat operator. The log for each trip indicates the number of each species taken, number of anglers, number of hours fished, and the specific area fished. The date, boat name, and boat registration number also are furnished. Copies of these records are sent to the Department monthly.

Operators of boats supplying live bait keep a voluntary daily log showing number of sets, species caught, area fished, and number of

scoops of bait sold. Copies of these logs are furnished the Department monthly. While these records represent most live bait landings, the reported catch should be regarded as minimal.

Clerical personnel at field offices in Eureka, Menlo Park, Long Beach, and San Diego maintain contact with fish dealers, local Fish and Game Wardens, and field biologists to insure that the records are accurate and transmitted promptly. All data received by the Department are carefully edited for completeness and coded to facilitate processing. The information then is punched into cards and summarized with electric tabulating machines.


California is divided into seven areas for the purpose of reporting fisheries statistics (Figure 1). Each statistical area is named for a major port within its boundaries. Sacramento area landings were, for many years, incorporated with San Francisco totals and other general summary tables. This procedure resulted in the co-mingling of marine, fresh, and brackish water species in the reports. In a departure from this tradition the 1972 data are presented with all inland water fish landings removed from the usual tables and grouped into two separate tables, Appendix I and II. Should this format prove useful, these tabulations will be elevated to table status in future presentations.


The common and scientific names of species reported here have been revised to conform with the list prepared by Gates and Frey (1974). Some species are reported only collectively when, for economic or other reasons, their separation is not practical (Table 1).

The "Miscellaneous (Animal Food)" category consists of a variety of low value species caught by trawling. Since it is impractical for dealers to report the many species separately, Department biologists periodically sample this catch to determine its species composition. Based on this sampling, the percentage and weight compositions of 1972 animal food landings are as follows:


Salmon landings reported in the tables are for all species combined. However, biologists from the Department's Anadromous Fisheries Branch sample the commercial and sport salmon fisheries to determine species composition of catches and to obtain estimates of the unreported skiff catch. The sampling methods and results for 1952 through 1965 were detailed by Jensen and Swartzell (1967); since 1966, results have been presented annually in the landing bulletins.


The miscellaneous fish category, as reported in the 1972 landings tables, consists of small volume deliveries of the following species: lamprey, California moray, striped mullet, Pacific halibut, sargo, shad, spotted cabrilla, and wolf-eel. Speciation of skates and rays, on the market receipts was poor; the reported species consisted of skates, rays, stingrays and shovelnose guitarfish. Miscellaneous mollusks consisted of mussels, quahogs, sea snails, soft shell clams, and Washington clams.

Marine plant harvest data have not been routinely published by the Department. Frey (1971) presented a table of Giant Kelp, Macrocystis spp., landings by open and leased beds dating back to 1916. Requests for kelp harvesting information are increasing: partially in response to the need to evaluate numerous proposed nearshore developments, and in response to the need to evaluate animal resources in relation to their total environment. An updated version of kelp landings is presented (Appendix III).


Most fish and shellfish are landed in a round condition; however, some species, such as barracuda, salmon, and swordfish usually are eviscerated or cleaned before being brought ashore. The condition of fish landed or shipped into the state cannot always be determined so the tables represent summarized weights as reported to the Department without regard to condition.

Since 1963, oyster landings have been reported as packed weight rather than weight in the shell. Packed weight is estimated to be 15.5% of the live weight for Pacific oysters and 10.9% for eastern oysters.

Landings reported in measurements other than weight are equated to pounds using conversion factors determined by periodic sampling.

Abalone number to weight conversion factors were reexamined during the 1970–71 abalone season by a Department biological team. From December 1970 through July 1971, over 4,866 individual abalone (of all species) were measured and weighed, and new conversion factors were calculated. These conversion factors, rounded off to whole numbers, were used to convert the 1972 abalone landings in this bulletin.

Factors used in 1972 were:

Abalone, red  45 pounds per dozen 
Abalone, pink  25 pounds per dozen 
Abalone, green  25 pounds per dozen 
Abalone, black  25 pounds per dozen 
Abalone, white  20 pounds per dozen 
Clam, Washington  7 pounds per dozen 
Crab, Dungeness  2 pounds each 
Live bait  12.5 pounds per scoop 


Value is computed from prices paid to fishermen. Area value figures are ascertained by summing the value of all individual landings in that area. The value for an individual port within an area is calculated from weights of each species landed at that port and the average price paid for the species in that area. When the price paid for an individual landing is not specified, the average price paid for the species in the area is used.



The inshore bait fishery takes several kinds of fish and invertebrates from bays, rivers, and intertidal regions. Records of this fishery have been published as a separate summary in landing bulletins since 1963. Conversion factors used for inshore bait for 1972 were as follows:

Crab, sand  0.041 pound per dozen 
4.5 pounds per gallon 
Crab, shore  0.013 pound per dozen 
Mudsucker  0.465 pound per dozen 
Mussel  80.000 pounds per sack 
Sculpin, staghorn  0.465 pound per dozen 
Shrimp, ghost  0.082 pound per dozen 


Bell, Robert R. 1973. Statistical report of fresh, canned, cured and manufactured fishery products for 1972. Calif. Dept. Fish and Game, Circular, (47) : 1–19. Frey, Herbert W. (Ed) 1971. California's living marine resources and their utilization. Calif. Dept. Fish and Game, Sacramento, 148 p. Gates, Doyle E., and Herbert W. Frey. 1974. Designated common names of certain marine organisms of California. Calif. Dept. Fish and Game, Fish Bull., (161) : 55–90. Jensen, Paul T., and Phillip G. Swartzell. 1967. California salmon landings 1952 through 1965. Calif. Dept. Fish and Game, Fish Bull., (135) : 43–57. Young, Parke H. 1969. The California partyboat fishery 1947–1967. Calif. Dept. Fish and Game, Fish Bull., (145) : 91 p.

Common and Scientific Names of Fishes, Crustaceans, and Mollusks in the 1972 Catch


Figure 2. Total Annual landings and shipments into California (see Table 2). Sardine deliveries to reduction ships, 1930–38 are included. Since 1965, tunas are the only species included in shipments.


Total Annual Landings and Shipments Into California of Commercial Fish, Mollusks, and Crustaceans; Includes Sardine Deliveries to Reduction Ships During 1930 Through 1938

Landings and Shipments of Leading Species Ranked by Pounds


Number of Licensed Commercial Fishermen

Number of Registered Fishing Boats by Length


Origin of Shipments Received for Processing in California During 1972


Origin of Commercial Fish Landings and Volume of Shipments Into California During 1972

TABLE 7—Cont'd.


Monthly Landings and Shipments Into California During 1972

TABLE 8—Cont'd.


Monthly Landings of Commercial Fishing Boats in the Eureka Area During 1972

TABLE 9—Cont'd.


Monthly Landings of Commercial Fishing Boats in the San Francisco Area During 1972

TABLE 10—Cont'd.


Monthly Landings of Commercial Fishing Boats in the Monterey Area During 1972

TABLE 11—Cont'd.


Monthly Landings of Commercial Fishing Boats in the Santa Barbara Area During 1972

TABLE 12—Cont'd.


Monthly Landings and Shipments of Commercial Fish Into the Los Angeles Area During 1972

TABLE 13—Cont'd.

Monthly Landings and Shipments of Commercial Fish Into the Los Angeles Area During 1972


Monthly Landings and Shipments of Commercial Fish Into the San Diego Area During 1972

Monthly Landings and Shipments of Commercial Fish Into the San Diego Area During 1972

TABLE 14—Cont'd.


Value of Landings and Shipments of Commercial Fish Into California by Area, 1972

Value of Landings and Shipments of Commercial Fish Into California by Area, 1972

Value of Landings and Shipments of Commercial Fish Into California by Area, 1972


Value of Landings by Port, Eureka Area, 1972

Value of Landings by Port, Eureka Area, 1972


Value of Landings by Port, San Francisco Area, 1972

Value of Landings by Port, San Francisco Area, 1972


Value of Landings by Port, Monterey Area, 1972


Value of Landings by Port, Santa Barbara Area, 1972

Value of Landings by Port, Santa Barbara Area, 1972


Value of Landings and Shipments by Port, Los Angeles Area, 1972

Value of Landings and Shipments by Port, Los Angeles Area, 1972

Value of Landings and Shipments by Port, Los Angeles Area, 1972


Value of Landings and Shipments by Port, San Diego Area, 1972


Statewide Commercial Partyboat Catch by Species (Not including anchored barges) 1963–1972


Inshore Bait Landings by Area Pounds and Value 1972

Recorded Catch of Live Bait for Saltwater Sportfishing 1968–1972


California Ocean Recreational Salmon Landings and Success1 by Fishery, Port, Month and Species, in Numbers of Fish—1972

TABLE 25—Cont'd.


California Commercial Troll Salmon Landings by Port-Area, Month and Species, in Pounds1 and Numbers—1972


Monthly Landings From Inland Waters During 1972


Value of Landings From Inland Waters by County During 1972






Marine Resources Region


Common names of the more important fishes have been designated by the California Department of Fish and Game for many years. The original purpose was to assist in collecting accurate catch statistics. For the Department to understand the State's many fisheries it is essential that the catch of each species be known. A consistent terminology on the part of both the commercial fishing industry and the sportsman is of great importance in the collection of catch records since confusion and inaccuracy result when a particular species is listed by different names in different parts of California or if a certain common name refers to any of several species.

In California as elsewhere in the world, common nomenclature of marine organisms did not grow up with the language as in Europe or Asia. The people who settled here naturally named things because of similarities—either real or apparent, superficial or significant—to familiar species in their homeland. As a result when California initiated its recording system for commercial landings in 1916, the need for more uniform terminology with respect to common names became readily evident. A chaotic situation existed with a given species being identified by different names in different parts of the state, in different fisheries, or even in adjacent fish markets, and a number of species being referred to by a single name.

The State Legislature enacted a law in 1919 to help bring some order to collecting records concerning California fisheries. This regulation stated:

"The names used in the record for designating the variety of species of fish handled must be the name which is in common usage, and the Fish and Game Commission shall have the power to decide what is the common usage name of any variety."
In 1933, the law was amended to substantially its present form and its application limited to commercial varieties in connection with fish receipts. It now forms Section 8013 of Part 3 (Commercial Fishing), Article 6 (Commercial Fishing Reports), California Fish and Game Code, and reads:
"The names used in the receipt for designating the species of fish dealt with shall be those in common usage, and may be designated by the Department."
Section 45 of General Provisions and Definitions in the Fish and Game Code states:
"Fish means wild fish, mollusks, or crustaceans, invertebrates, or amphibians, including any part, spawn, or ova thereof."


While the present law specifically applies to commercial landings, the Department has designated common names to species taken by other than commercial fishermen in an effort to insure uniformity in State publications and records, and in an attempt to attain common usage on the part of all fishermen.


Walford (1931) prepared the first comprehensive list to establish official common names of California fishes which were handled commercially, or which were of particular interest to fishermen or dealers. The more important freshwater fishes, marine bony fishes, sharks and rays, marine mollusks, and marine and freshwater crustaceans were covered. Several of the names on this list were coined and not accepted by the public, others proved detrimental to marketing, and with the passage of time some of the scientific nomenclature changed. A revised official list was prepared by Roedel (1948), and reasons for name changes were set forth by the smae author in 1949. Roedel prepared a revised and expanded official list of common names in 1953, and 9 years later authored a revised and enlarged version (Roedel 1962).

In 1950 Shapovalov and Dill assigned common names to all freshwater fishes of California. This list was revised and expanded in 1959 (Shapovalov, Dill, and Cordone).

Committees of the American Fisheries Society on Names of Fishes have prepared three lists of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada (Amer. Fish. Soc. 1948, 1960, 1970). These lists have been widely used and have contributed to eliminating confusion in fish nomenclature. As far as the common names of California's marine fishes are concerned, the great majority are in agreement with the 1970 list; however, a few names, both common and scientific, are in variance with those used in this state.

Other than the few invertebrate species covered by Walford (1931) in his list of official common names, there has been no previous attempt by the Department to designate common names for some of the more common California marine invertebrates.


This list includes the names of quite a few species that have not appeared on previous lists of official names of California marine fishes. In fact an attempt is made to list all known shallow water marine and anadromous finfishes occurring within California waters. These include fishes found in an area between the Mexican and Oregon borders and offshore at least 50 miles. Miller and Lea (1972) provided the basic background as far as the species covered and the scientific nomenclature used for identifying these species. Selected species in representative invertebrate groups have been designated only for animals likely to be taken by sport and commercial fishermen, most apt to be seen by a casual visitor to the seashore, or that are representative of a particular group.

With respect to common names, several rules have governed their designation. These rules were directed toward the guiding principle that the purpose of the names is to assist in compiling accurate records as well as preparing comparable reports.


An ideal common name would be one that is in exclusive usage throughout the entire range of the species; however, relatively few names have such universal and select usage in the vernacular. It then becomes necessary to evaluate such common names as are applied to a species with regard to the following criteria:

  • 1. Usage in California by both sportsmen and commercial fishermen, and the fishing industry.
  • 2. Usage in other areas, particularly adjacent states.
  • 3. Usage on other common name lists.
  • 4. Connotations that may have an undesirable effect upon market ability.
  • 5. The name should be brief and descriptive.
  • 6. The name should indicate rather than confuse relationships.
  • 7. Is generally accepted by most California workers in the field of taxonomy.

While most of the designated names meet the majority of the above criteria, there are some exceptions. In these cases, the overriding criterion was the firm implantation of the name in the vernacular. Some of these names are misleading, are not accepted on other lists, are not necessarily descriptive, but in general are acceptable to California taxonomists.

When a common name on the present list deviates from either Roedel (1962) or the American Fisheries Society (1970), an annotated explanation is given. Not all changes in scientific nomenclature are annotated; however, Miller and Lea (1972) present detailed reasons for certain taxonomic positions.

Unlike previous lists which list the official common name and the scientific designation, this list presents a third column which details other common names by which the species is or has been known. This listing should facilitate the identification of species referred to in the literature and records.

The order in which the jawless fish (agnaths) and the sharks and rays (cartilaginous fishes) are presented generally follows that of the American Fisheries Society (1970).

The list of bony fish (teleosts) families is arranged in the sequence of Greenwood et al (1966), with the species in each family alphabetized to generic and specific names. The class, order, and family sequence for mollusks follows the arrangement of Keen (1963), while the family arrangement of the arthropod order Decapoda follows Schmitt (1921).


Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Black hagfish  Eptatretus deani (Evermann and Goldsborough) 
Pacific hagfish  Eptatretus stoutii (Lockington)  California hagfish, lamperina 
Whiteface hagfish[*]   Myxine circifrons Garman 
Western river lamprey[*]   Lampetra ayresii (Gunther)  Western brook lamprey, river lamprey, western lamprey 
This species appears as western brook lamprey in AFS (1970); however, we apply the term river since it seems more descriptive of the animals' habitat. 
Pacific lamprey[*]   Lampetra tridentata (Gairdner)  Eel, river eel, three-toothed lamprey, western lamprey 
Chlamydoselachidae—frill sharks 
Frilled shark  Chlamydoselachus anguineus Garman  Frill shark 
Hexanchidae—cow sharks 
Sixgill shark  Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre)  Shovelnosed shark, cow shark, mud shark, sixgill cowshark, griset, caffa bota 
Sevengill shark  Notorynchus maculatus Ayres  Cowshark, mud shark, spotted cowshark, sevengill cowshark, Pacific sevengill cowshark 
Heterodontidae—bullhead sharks 
Horn shark  Heterodontus francisci (Girard)  Port Jackson shark, bullhead shark, horned shark, California horn shark 
AFS (1970) changed the common family name from horn sharks since family is widely known as bullhead sharks; we concur. 
Rhinocodontidae—whale shark 
Whale shark  Rhincodon typus Smith  Mhor, chagrin, tiburon ballenas, tint reva 
Alopiidae—thresher sharks 
Bigeye thresher[*]   Alopias superciliosus (Lowe) 
Common thresher  Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre)  Thresher, longtail shark, thresher shark, fish shark, sea ope, pez zorro, pesca pavone, swiveltail, fox shark, swingtail, sea fox 
With the addition of the bigeye thresher to California, we follow Bigelow and Schroeder (1948) and add the attributive "common" to the name for A. vulpinus. 

Odontaspididae—sand tigers 
Ragged-tooth shark[*]   Odontaspis ferox (Risso) 
Lamnidae-mackerel sharks 
White shark  Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus)  Maneater shark, great white shark 
Bonito shark  Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque  Mackerel shark, spriglio, paloma, shortfin mako, mako 
Shortfin mako in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) and retain the name bonito shark. 
Salmon shark  Lamna ditropis Hubbs and Follett  Porbeagle, mackerel shark, tiger shark 
Cetorhinidae—basking shark 
Basking shark  Cetorhinius maximus (Gunnerus)  Elephant shark, bone shark, sailfish, sunfish, pelerin, hoe-mother, capidoli, oilfish, oil shark, ground shark 
We follow Bigelow and Schroeder (1948) in placing this species in the family Cetorhinidae. Roedel (1962) and AFS (1970) include the basking shark in the family Lamnidae. 
Scyliorhinidae—cat sharks 
Brown cat shark  Apristurus brunneus (Gilbert)  Brown shark 
Longnose cat shark[*]   Apristurus kampae  
Swell shark  Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman)  California swell shark 
We follow Kato, Springer, and Wagner (1967) and regard C. uter a synonym of C. ventriosum. 
Filetail cat shark  Parmaturus xaniurus (Gilbert)  Filetail shark 
Carcharhinidae—requiem sharks 
Bull shark  Carcharhinus leucas (Valenciennes)  Roundnose shark, pigeye shark 
Referred to as the roundnose shark, Carcharhinus azureus, by Roedel (1962); we follow Kato, Springer, and Wagner (1967). 
Pelagic whitetipped shark[*]   Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey)  Oceanic whitetip shark 
Dusky shark  Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur)  Bay shark, bay grayshark, injerto 
Referred to as the bay shark, Carcharhinus lamiella, by Roedel (1962); we follow Kato, Springer, and Wagner (1967). 
Narrowtooth shark[*]   Carcharhinus remotus (Dumeril) 
Tiger shark  Galeocerdo cuvier (Peron and Lesueur)  Spotted shark, tigrone 
Soupfin shark  Galeorhinus zyopterus Jordan and Gilbert  Oil shark, soupfin, tope 
Gray smoothhound  Mustelus californicus Gill  Mud shark, dogfish, paloma, sand shark, gray shark 
Brown smoothhound  Mustelus henlei (Gill)  Mud shark, dogfish, paloma, sand shark, Henle's shark 
Sicklefin smoothhound  Mustelus lunulatus Jordan and Gilbert  Dog shark, gato, smoothhound 
Blue shark  Prionace glauca (Linnaeus)  Great blue shark 
Pacific sharpnose shark  Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan and Gilbert)  Sharpnose shark 
Leopard shark  Triakis semifasciata Girard  Cat shark 
Sphyrnidae—hammerhead sharks 
Scalloped hammerhead  Sphyrna lewini (Griffith) 
Bonnethead  Sphyrna tiburo (Linnaeus)  Pacific bonnethead, shovelhead shark 
Smooth hammerhead  Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus)  Hammerhead shark, common hammerhead, axhead shark, shovelnose shark 
Squalidae—dogfish sharks 
Pygmy shark[*]   Euprotomicrus bispinatus   Slim shark 
Prickly shark  Echinorhinus cookei Pietschmann  Bramble shark 
Pacific sleeper shark  Somniosus pacificus Bigelow and Schroeder  Sleeper shark, nurse shark 
Spiny dogfish  Squalus acanthias Linnaeus  Dog shark, dogfish, grayfish, Pacific grayfish, spinarola, Pacific dogfish, California dogfish 
Squatinidae—angel sharks 
Pacific angel shark  Squatina california Ayres  California angel shark, angel shark, monkfish, northern angel shark, squat, squato 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Thornback  Platyrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan and Gilbert)  Round skate, thornback, guitarfish, California thornback, shovelnose 
Shovelnose guitarfish  Rhinobatos productus (Ayres)  Shovelnosed shark, pointed nosed guitarfish, guitarfish 
Banded guitarfish  Zapteryx exasperata (Jordan and Gilbert)  Striped guitarfish, mottled guitarfish 
Torpedinidae—electric rays 
Pacific electric ray  Torpedo california Ayres  California electric ray, electric ray, torpedo fish, California torpedo, crampfish, torpedo 
Deepsea skate[*]   Raja abyssicola Gilbert  Abyssal skate 
Big skate  Raja binoculata Girard  Big skate of California 
California skate  Raja inornata Jordan and Gilbert  Common skate 
Sandpaper skate  Raja kincaidii Garman  Black skate 
Black skate in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) in using the common name sandpaper skate for Raja kincaidii since this species is never black and has a uniformly rough denticulated dorsal surface. Black skate is designated for Raja trachura because this is the only black colored California skate. 
Longnose skate  Raja rhina Jordan and Gilbert  Longnosed skate, California longnose skate 
Starry skate  Raja stellulata Jordan and Gilbert  Prickly skate, cheap skate 
Black skate  Raja trachura Gilbert  Monterey skate, rock skate, roughtail skate 
Roughtail skate in AFS (1970). See comment under sandpaper skate. 
White skate[*]   Bathyraja spinosissima (Beebe and Tee-Van) 
Diamond stingray  Dasyatis dipterura (Jordan and Gilbert)  Pacific stingray, rat-tailed stingray, stingaree 
Pelagic stingray  Dasyatis violacea (Bonaparte) 
Round stingray  Urolophus halleri Cooper  Stingaree, stingray 
Gymnuridae—butterfly rays 
California butterfly ray  Gymnura marmorata (Cooper)  Butterfly stingray, stingaree, butterfly ray, angel shark, bay ray, eagle sting ray 
Myliobatidae—eagle rays 
Bat ray  Myliobatis californica Gill  Eagle ray, California sting ray, stingaree, bat sting ray, batfish 
Pacific manta  Manta hamiltoni (Newmann)  Manta, devilfish, sea devil, blanketfish 
Spinetail mobula  Mobula japanica (Muller and Henle) 
Smoothtail mobula  Mobula lucasana Beebe and Tee-Van  Mobula, Pacific mobula 
Ratfish  Hydrolagus colliei (Lay and Bennett)  Chimaera, elephantfish, rattail, rabbitfish, goatfish, king-of-the-herrings, water hare 

Green sturgeon  Acipenser medirostris Ayres 
White sturgeon  Acipenser transmontanus Richardson  Sacramento sturgeon, Oregon sturgeon 
Bonefish  Albula vulpes (Linnaeus)  Ladyfish, bananafish, sanducha, macabi, mullet, silver shuttle 
California moray  Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres)  Moray, moray eel, eel, conger eel, marina, muraena 
Congridae—conger eels 
Catalina conger[*]   Gnathophis catalinensis (Wade) 
Ophichthidae—snake eels 
Pacific worm eel[*]   Myrophis vafer Jordan and Gilbert 
Spotted snake eel[*]   Ophichthus triserialis (Kaup)  Pacific snake eel 
Yellow snake eel[*]   Ophichthus zophochir (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Nemichthyidae—snipe eel 
Slender snipe eel[*]   Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson 
American shad  Alosa sapidissima (Wilson)  Shad, common shad 
Pacific herring  Clupea harengus pallasii Linnaeus  Herring, California herring 
Threadfin shad  Dorosoma petenense (Gunther) 
Round herring  Etrumeus teres (DeKay)  California round herring, Pacific round herring, Japanese herring 
Roedel (1962) listed Etrumeus acumintus as Pacific round herring; however, E. acumintus is now considered synonymous with Etrumeus teres, a species with a worldwide distribution in warmer seas. We drop the attributive "Pacific" since it now is inappropriate. 
Flatiron herring  Harengula thrissina (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Middling thread herring  Opisthonema medirastre Berry and Barrett  Pacific thread herring 
Roedel (1962) listed Pacific thread herring, Opisthonema libertate; however, this species has been subsequently divided into three species, only one of which, the middling thread herring, Opisthonema mediraste, occurs in California waters. 
Pacific sardine  Sardinops sagax caeruleus (Jenyns)  California sardine, pilchard, sardina, young called firecrackers 
AFS list this species as Sardinops sagax, but we follow Miller and Lea (1972) and retain the subspecies designation of caeruleus. 
Deepbody anchovy  Anchoa compressa (Girard)  Deep-bodied anchovy, sprat, sardinus, California deepbody anchovy 
Slough anchovy  Anchoa delicatissima (Girard)  Southern anchovy 
Slim anchovy[*]   Anchoviella miarcha (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Anchoveta  Cetengraulis mysticetus (Gunther) 
Northern anchovy  Engraulis mordax Girard  California anchovy, anchovy, plain anchovy, young called pinheads 

Salmonidae—trouts and salmon 
Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Pink salmon  Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum)  Humpback salmon, lost salmon, dog salmon, haddo, holia, gorbuscha 
Chum salmon  Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum)  Calico salmon, dog salmon, keta, lekai salmon, hayho 
Silver salmon  Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum)  Silversides, coho salmon, dog salmon, hookbill, medium red salmon, tschaviche, jack salmon, hooped, kisutch, showitz, quisutsch, bielaya ryba 
Coho salmon in AFS (1970). We follow Roedel (1962) since the term "silver salmon" is so deeply ingrained in the laws of California and in the vernacular of the fishermen. 
Sockeye salmon[*]   Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum)  Kokanee, Fraser River salmon, nerka, sukkegh salmon, blueback salmon, red salmon, redfish, sawqui salmon, Krasnaya ryba, benimasu 
King salmon  Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum)  Chinook salmon, Sacramento River salmon, quinnat salmon, spring salmon, tyree salmon, black salmon, Columbia River salmon, tchaviche, tshawytscha 
AFS (1970) lists "chinook"; however, we retain "king" as the designated name since it is so deeply ingrained in the laws of California. Both names are widespread in the vernacular of the fishermen. 
Cutthroat trout  Salmo clarkii Richardson  Blackspotted trout, coastal cutthroat trout, blueback, sea trout 
Rainbow trout (Steelhead)  Salmo gairdnerii Richardson  Steelhead (a sea-run rainbow trout), steelhead trout, salmon trout, half-pounder, hardhead, summer salmon 
Whitebait smelt  Allosmerus elongatus (Ayres)  Frittura, small fry, perlin 
Surf smelt  Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard)  Surf fish, nightfish, perlin, silver smelt, dayfish 
Delta smelt[*]   Hypomesus transpacificus McAllister 
Night smelt  Spirinchus starksi (Fisk)  Whitebait, sand smelt, nightfish 
Longfin smelt  Spirinchus thaleichthys (Ayres)  Sacramento smelt, delta smelt 
Roedel (1962) listed this species as Sacramento smelt. We follow AFS (1970) and use longfin smelt. 
Eulachon  Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson)  Candlefish, ulchen 
Pacific argentine  Argentina sialis Gilbert 
Bathylagidae—deepsea smelts 
Robust blacksmelt[*]   Bathylagus milleri Jordan and Gilbert  Stout blacksmelt 
Popeye blacksmelt[*]   Bathylagus ochotensis Schmidt  Eared blacksmelt 
Pacific blacksmelt[*]   Bathylagus pacificus Gilbert  Slender blacksmelt 
Snubnose blacksmelt[*]   Bathylagus wesethi Bolin  Southern blacksmelt 
California smoothtongue[*]   Leuroglossus stilbius Gilbert  Smoothtongue, northern smoothtongue 
Pacific barreleye[*]   Macropinna microstoma Chapman  Barreleye 
Barreleye in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) and add the attributive "Pacific". 
Benttooth bristlemouth[*]   Cyclothone acclinidens Garman 
Bigeye lightfish[*]   Danaphos oculatus (Garman) 

Slender hatchetfish[*]   Argyropelecus affinis Garman 
Spurred hatchetfish[*]   Argyropelecus hemigymnus Cocco 
Silver hatchetfish[*]   Argyropelecus lychnus Garman  Silvery hatchfish 
Silvery hatchetfish[*]   Argyropelecus sladeni Regan 
Highfin dragonfish[*]   Bathophilus flemingi Aron and McCrery 
Longfin dragonfish[*]   Tactostoma macropus Bolin  Arrow dragonfish 
Pacific viperfish[*]   Chauliodus macouni Bean  Fanged viperfish 
California lizardfish  Synodus lucioceps (Ayres)  Candlefish, lizardfish 
Slender barracudina[*]   Lestidium ringens (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Longnose lancetfish  Alepisaurus ferox Lowe  Handsaw fish, Pacific lancetfish, wolffish, subotka 
Pacific lancetfish, Alepisaurus richardsoni, listed by Roedel (1962) is now considered synonymous with A. ferox. 
Daggertooth[*]   Anotopterus pharao Zugmayer 
Northern pearleye[*]   Benthalbella dentata (Chapman)  Pearleye 
California headlightfish[*]   Diaphus theta Eigenmann and Eigenmann  Theta lanternfish, whitespotted lanternfish, headlightfish 
Broadfin lampfish[*]   Lampanyctus ritteri Gilbert  Broadfin lanternfish 
California flashlightfish[*]   Protomyctophum crockeri (Bolin)  Flashlightfish 
Northern lampfish[*]   Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Eigenmann and Eigenmann)  Smallfin lanternfish 
California lanternfish[*]   Symbolophorus californiensis (Eigenmann and Eigenmann) 
Blue lanternfish[*]   Tarltonbeania crenularis (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Mexican lampfish[*]   Triphoturus mexicanus (Gilbert) 
Ariidae—sea catfish 
Chihuil[*]   Bagre panamensis (Gill) 
Specklefin midshipman  Porichthys myriaster Hubbs and Schultz  Slim midshipman, bullhead, singing fish, toad fish 
Plainfin midshipman  Porichthys notatus Girard  Northern midshipman, bullhead, singing fish, toad fish, grunter 
We designate these more descriptive names as proposed by Roedel (1962). 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Lined clingfish[*]   Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs 
Northern clingfish[*]   Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard)  Common clingfish, flathead clingfish, suckfish 
Bearded clingfish[*]   Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert 
California clingfish[*]   Gobiesox rhessodon Smith 
Southern clingfish[*]   Rimicola dimorpha Briggs 
Slender clingfish[*]   Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert) 
Kelp clingfish[*]   Rimicola muscarum (Meek and Pierson) 
Roughjaw frogfish[*]   Antennarius avalonis Jordan and Starks  Frogfish, California frogfish 
Spotted batfish[*]   Zalieutes elator (Jordan and Gilbert)  Batfish 
Warted seadevil[*]   Cryptopsaras couesii Gill  Triplewart seadevil 
Finescale codling[*]   Antimora microlepis Bean  Finescale flatnose codling, Pacific flatnose, longfin cod 
Hundred-fathom codling[*]   Physiculus rastrelliger Gilbert 
Pacific cod  Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius  Plain cod, gray cod, true cod, Alaska cod, cod 
Pacific tomcod  Microgadus proximus (Girard)  Tomcod, piciata, California tomcod 
Walleye pollock[*]   Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas)  Whiting, bigeye, Alaska pollock, southern walleye pollock 
Pacific hake  Merluccius products (Ayres)  Hake, white fish, haddock, butterfish, mellusa, meluzette, California hake, ocean whitefish, popeye, silver hake 
Spotted cusk-eel[*]   Chilara taylori (Girard) 
Basketweave cusk-eel[*]   Otophidium scrippsi Hubbs  California cusk-eel 
Red brotula[*]   Brosmophycis marginata (Ayres)  Purple brotula[*]   Oligopus diagrammus (Heller and Snodgrass) 
Bigfin eelpout[*]   Aprodon corteziamus Gilbert  Smoothgum eelpout 
Twoline eelpout[*]   Bothrocara brunneum (Bean) 
Soft eelpout[*]   Bothrocara molle Bean  Pighead eelpout 
Flatcheek eelpout[*]   Embryx crotalina (Gilbert)  Snakehead eelpout 
Blackmouth eelpout[*]   Lycodapus fierasfer Gilbert  Pearly eelpout 
Pallid eelpout[*]   Lycodapus mandibularis Gilbert  Pale eelpout 
Black eelpout[*]   Lycodes diapterus Gilbert  Blackfinned eelpout 
Blackbelly eelpout[*]   Lycodopsis pacifica (Collett) 
Bearded eelpout[*]   Lyconema barbatum Gilbert 
Midwater eelpout[*]   Melanostigma pammelas Gilbert  Pacific softpout, black eelpout 
Pacific grenadier[*]   Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean)  Pacific rattail, roughscale rattail, rhoughscale grenadier 
California grenadier[*]   Nezumia stelgidolepis (Gilbert)  California rattail 
We apply the AFS (1970) common family designation to the common name of the species. The term rattail was used by Miller and Lea (1972). 
California flyingfish  Cypselurus californicus (Cooper)  Volator, great flyingfish 
Blotchwing flyingfish[*]   Cypselurus heterurus (Rafinesque)  Single-bearded flyingfish 
Sharpchin flyingfish  Fodiator acutus (Valenciennes)  Sharpnose flyingfish 
Blackwing flyingfish[*]   Hirundichthys rondeletii (Valenciennes) 
Ribbon halfbeak[*]   Euleptorhamphus longirostris (Cuvier) 
Longfin halfbeak[*]   Hemiramphus saltator Gilbert and Starks 
California halfbeak[*]   Hyporhamphus rosae (Jordan and Gilbert)  Halfbeak 
Silverstripe halfbeak[*]   Hyporhamphus unifasciatus (Ranzani)  Halfbeak, common halfbeak, escribano, pajarito 
Halfbeak in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) and add the attributive "silverstripe" since three other halfbeaks occur in California waters. 
California needlefish  Strongylura exilis (Girard)  Garfish, billfish, needlefish, California garfish 
Pacific saury  Cololabis saira (Brevoort)  Skipper, garfish, sourbelly, sourfish, saury 
California killifish  Fundulus parvipinnis Girard  Killifish 
Topsmelt  Atherinops affinis (Ayres)  Bay smelt, rainbow smelt, panzarotto, little smelt, least smelt, silverside, capron, jack, pescadillo 
Jacksmelt  Atherinopsis californiensis Girard  Silverside, California smelt, horse smelt, blue smelt, pescado del rey, Peixe rey, Pesce rey 
California grunion  Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres)  Smelt, little smelt, least smelt, grunion 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Crested bigscale[*]   Poromitra crassiceps (Gunther) 
Twospine bigscale[*]   Scopelogadus mizolepis (Gilbert) 
Mirror dory[*]   Zenopsis nebulosa (Temminck and Schlegel) 
Oxeye oreo[*]   Allocyttus verrucosus (Gilchrist)  Coster dory, oreo 
Opah  Lampris regius (Bonnaterre)  Poisson lune, moonfish 
Highbrow crestfish[*]   Lophotus cristatus Johnson  Crestfish, oarfish, sea serpent 
Polkadot ribbonfish  Desmodema polysticta (Ogilby) 
King-of-the-salmon  Trachipterus altivelis Kner  California ribbonfish 
Tapertail ribbonfish[*]   Trachipterus fukuzakii Fitch 
Scalloped ribbonfish[*]   Zu cristatus (Bonelli) 
Oarfish[*]   Regalecus glesne (Ascanius)  King-of-the-herrings 
Tubesnout  Aulorhynchus flavidus Gill 
Threespine stickleback  Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus  Common stickleback 
Slender snipefish[*]   Macrorhamphosus gracilis (Lowe)  Snipefish 
Syngnathidae—seahorse and pipefishes 
Pacific seahorse[*]   Hippocampus ingens Girard  Caballito del mar 
Snubnose pipefish[*]   Syngnathus arctus (Jenkins and Evermann) 
Barred pipefish[*]   Syngnathus auliscus (Swain) 
Kelp pipefish  Syngnathus californiensis Storer  Great pipefish 
Bay pipefish  Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard 
This species is conspecific with Syngnathus griseolineatus listed by Roedel (1962). 

Sculpin  Scorpaena guttata Girard  California scorpionfish, spotted scorpionfish, scorpionfish, scorpion, bullhead, scorpene 
AFS (1970) uses "California scorpionfish." We follow Roedel (1962) and designate the name "sculpin" since it is so firmly implanted in the vernacular of both sport and commercial fishermen. 
Rainbow scorpionfish[*]   Scorpaenodes xyris (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Members of the genus Sebastes have been referred to as rockfish or rockcod since the mid-1800's. We feel rockfish is the more appropriate name so we follow AFS (1970) and Roedel (1962). We do not list the term rockcod as another common name; however all the species in this genus have been referrence to as rockcod. 
Rougheye rockfish  Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan and Evermann)  Blackthroated rockfish, blacktip rockfish 
Pacific ocean perch  Sebastes alutus (Gilbert)  Longjaw rockfish, rose fish 
Kelp rockfish  Sebastes atrovirens (Jordan and Gilbert)  Gopher rockfish, garrupa, green garrupa 
Brown rockfish  Sebastes auriculatus Girard  Blina, sand bass 
Aurora rockfish  Sebastes aurora (Gilbert) 
Redbanded rockfish[*]   Sebastes babcocki (Thompson) 
Shortraker rockfish[*]   Sebastes borealis Barsukov 
Silvergray rockfish  Sebastes brevispinis (Bean)  Shortspine rockfish 
Gopher rockfish  Sebastes carnatus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Flesh-colored rockfish, flesh-colored garrupa, butterball, butter bass 
Copper rockfish  Sebastes caurinus Richardson  Whitebelly rockfish, white gopher, barriga, gopher, blanca, palermotano, northern rockfish 
Greenspotted rockfish  Sebastes chlorostictus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Chucklehead, Santa Maria, red rock cod, bolina, cernie, pesce vermiglia, chinafish 
Black-and-yellow rockfish  Sebastes chrysomelas (Jordan and Gilbert)  Gopher rockfish, black and yellow garrupa, cifulatano, sand bass 
Starry rockfish  Sebastes constellatus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Spotted corsair, spotted rockfish, chinafish, red rock cod, scacciatale 
Darkblotched rockfish  Sebastes crameri (Jordan)  Blackmouth rockfish, blackblotched rockfish 
Calico rockfish  Sebastes dalli (Eigenmann and Beeson)  Pretty rock cod, brown rockfish 
Splitnose rockfish  Sebastes diploproa (Gilbert)  Rosefish, lobe-jawed rockfish 
Greenstriped rockfish  Sebastes elongatus Ayres  Red rock cod, strawberry rockfish, serena, reina, poinsetta, striped rockfish 
Swordspine rockfish[*]   Sebastes ensifer Chen  Flyfish 
This species was listed as Sebastodes rhodochloris by Roedel (1962). Chen (1971) synonymized S. rhodochloris with S. helvomaculatus and described S. ensifer. 
Widow rockfish  Sebastes entomelas (Jordan and Gilbert)  Red snapper,[] viuva, widowfish, beccafico 
Pink rockfish  Sebastes eos (Eigenmann and Eigenmann)  Chucklehead, dawn rockfish, Santa Maria 
Yellowtail rockfish  Sebastes flavidus (Ayres)  Red snapper,[] rock cod, yellowtail, gialota, giola, cherne, green snapper 
Bronzespotted rockfish  Sebastes gilli (Eigenmann)  Catalina, Catalina bass, Catalina salmon 
Chilipepper  Sebastes goodei (Eigenmann and Eigenmann)  Red snapper,[] red rock cod, johnnies, johnny cod 
Rosethorn rockfish  Sebastes helvomaculatus Ayres  Deep-water scacciatale, deep-water scratch-tail, orange-red rockfish 
Squarespot rockfish  Sebastes hopkinsi (Cramer)  Smallmouth rockfish, widow rock cod 
Shortbelly rockfish  Sebastes jordani (Gilbert)  Slim rockfish, slender rockfish, steamer rockfish 
Freckled rockfish  Sebastes lentiginosus Chen 
Cowcod  Sebastes levis (Eigenmann and Eigenmann)  Red snapper,[] cow rockfish, roosterfish, gallo, chefra, cowfish, cow 
Roedel (1962) and AFS assigned the common name cow rockfish to this species; however, we follow Miller and Lea (1972) since the term cowcod is so firmly implanted in the vernacular of both sport and commercial fishermen. 
Mexican rockfish  Sebastes macdonaldi (Eigenmann and Beeson)  Black-and-red rockfish, dark-chili, coral-red rockfish 
Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Quillback rockfish  Sebastes maliger (Jordan and Gilbert)  Orange-spotted rockfish, yellow-backed rockfish, brown rockfish, speckled rockfish 
Black rockfish  Sebastes melanops (Girard)  Red snapper,[] black snapper, black bass, bass rockfish, nero, cherna, pesce pretre, gray rockfish, black sea bass, sea bass, black rock 
Blackgill rockfish  Sebastes melanostomus (Eigenmann and Eigenmann)  Blackmouth rockfish, deepsea rockfish 
Vermilion rockfish  Sebastes miniatus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Red snapper,[] red rock cod, rasher, borracho, genuine red, salmon grouper, borrachon 
Blue rockfish  Sebastes mystinus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Bluefish, blue perch, priestfish, black rockfish, black bass, nervi, neri, black snapper 
China rockfish  Sebastes nebulosus Ayres  Cefalutano, black and yellow rockfish, yellow-spotted rockfish, cerod, yellow rockfish, gopher, pelican, yellowstripe rockfish, speckled garrupa, chinafish 
Tiger rockfish  Sebastes nigrocinctus Ayres  Banded rockfish, blackbanded rockfish, barred rockfish 
Speckled rockfish  Sebastes ovalis (Ayres)  Red snapper,[] widow rockfish, zipola, brownfish, beccafico, viuva 
Bocaccio  Sebastes paucispinis Ayres  Red snapper[], rock cod, grouper, salmon grouper, tomcod (young), boccac, merou 
Chameleon rockfish[*]   Sebastes phillipsi (Fitch) 
Canary rockfish  Sebastes pinniger (Gill)  Red snapper,[] orange rockfish, codalarga, yellow snapper, filione, fantail, red rock cod, canary, bosco 
Redstripe rockfish  Sebastes proriger (Jordan and Gilbert)  Red rockfish of Alaska, little red rock cod 
Grass rockfish  Sebastes rastrelliger (Jordan and Gilbert)  Kelp rockfish, scomoda, green garrupa, green rockfish, lingcod, schmo 
Yellowmouth rockfish[*]   Sebastes reedi (Westrheim and Tsuyuki) 
Rosy rockfish  Sebastes rosaceus Girard  Corsair, dude, scacciatale, scratch-tail 
Greenblotched rockfish[*]   Sebastes rosenblatti Chen 
Yelloweye rockfish  Sebastes ruberrimus (Cramer)  Red snapper,[] turkey-red rockfish, potbelly, drum, tambor, vecchia, red rock cod, yellowbelly, rasphead, golden eye, turkey rock 
Flag rockfish  Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Spanish flag, barberpole, Hollywood, convict fish, shoflies, tiger, barberpole snapper 
Dwarf-red rockfish[*]   Sebastes rufinanus Lea and Fitch 
Bank rockfish[*]   Sebastes rufus (Eigenmann and Eigenmann)  Red snapper[]  
Stripetail rockfish  Sebastes saxicola (Gilbert)  Popeye rockfish, bigeye rockfish, oliveback rockfish 
Halfbanded rockfish  Sebastes semicinctus (Gilbert)  Inspector 
Olive rockfish  Sebastes serranoides (Eigenmann and Eigenmann)  Red snapper,[] kelp yellowtail, kelp salmon, bass rockfish, sugar bass, sugarfish 
Treefish  Sebastes serriceps (Jordan and Gilbert)  Convictfish, barberpole, garrupa 
Pinkrose rockfish[*]   Sebastes simulator Chen 
Honeycomb rockfish  Sebastes umbrosus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Shaded rockfish, dusky rockfish 
Whitebelly rockfish  Sebastes vexillaris (Jordan and Gilbert)  Sailfin rockfish, barriga blanca, Palermotana 
Pygmy rockfish  Sebastes wilsoni (Gilbert)  Wilson's rockfish, slender rockfish, dwarf rockfish 
Sharpchin rockfish  Sebastes zacentrus (Gilbert)  Bigeyed rockfish 
Shortspine thornyhead  Sebastolobus alascanus Bean  Shortspine channel rockfish, idiot, hooligan, thornhead, lobe-finned rockfish, spiney-cheeked rockfish, bonehead, scorpion, fagiano, slim thornhead, gurnard, gurnet, channel cod 
Longspine thornyhead  Sebastolobus altivelis Gilbert  Longspine channel rockfish, idiot, hooligan, thornhead, lobe-finned rockfish, spiny-cheeked rockfish, bonehead, scorpion, anglefin rockfish, deep-water rockfish, crimson thornhead 
Thornyhead replaces channel rockfish since this name is more appropriate for a species that is not confined to channels. We follow AFS (1970) in this change. 

Splitnose searobin[*]   Bellator xenisma (Jordan and Bollman) 
Lumptail searobin  Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington  Smoothhead searobin 
Kelp greenling  Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas)  California seatrout, greenling, seatrout, rock trout, kelp, kelp greenling, rockfish, bluefish, spotted rock trout, bodieron, boregat, greenling, kelp trout, kelp cod 
Whitespotted greenling  Hexagrammos stelleri Tilesius  Boregata, starling, Tommy cod, atka mackerel, sea trout, greenling 
Rock greenling  Hexagrammos superciliosus (Pallas)  Fringed greenling, Pacific red rock trout, red greenling, sea trout, kelp cod 
Lingcod  Ophiodon elongatus Girard  Pacific cultus, cultus cod, ling, greenling, cod, blue cod, bluefish, white cod, buffalo cod, leopard cod, codfish, green cod, bocalao, card, testoni, cultus, skilfish, buffalo 
Painted greenling  Oxylebius pictus Gill  Convict fish, kelp fish 
Atka-mackerel[*]   Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Pallas)  Atka greenling, atkafish, yellowfish 
Sablefish  Anoplopoma fimbria (Pallas)  []Butterfish, coalfish, candlefish, skilfish, blackcod, coal cod, blue-cod, bluefish, deepsea trout, black candlefish, skill 
Skilfish  Erilepis zonifer (Lockington)  Aburabozu, fat priest 
Shortspine combfish  Zaniolepis frenata Eigenmann and Eigenmann 
Longspine combfish  Zaniolepis latipinnis Girard  Longspine greenling 
Coralline sculpin[*]   Artedius corallinus (Hubbs) 
Roughcheek sculpin[*]   Artedius creaseri (Hubbs) 
Padded sculpin[*]   Artedius fenestralis Jordan and Gilbert 
Scalyhead sculpin[*]   Artedius harringtoni Starks  Plumose sculpin[*]  
Smoothhead sculpin  Artedius lateralis (Girard)  Roundnosed sculpin 
Puget Sound sculpin[*]   Artedius meanyi (Jordan and Starks) 
Bonyhead sculpin[*]   Artedius notospilotus Girard  Bonehead sculpin 
Rosylip sculpin  Ascelichthys rhodorus Jordan and Gilbert  Rubber sculpin 
Silverspotted sculpin[*]   Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas)  Silverspot, nee-kaio-kaiung 
Roughback sculpin[*]   Chitonotus pugetensis (Steindachner) 
Sharpnose sculpin[*]   Clinocottus acuticeps (Gilbert) 
Wooly sculpin  Clinocottus analis (Girard) 
Calico sculpin[*]   Clinocottus embryum (Jordan and Starks)  Mossy sculpin 
Mosshead sculpin[*]   Clinocottus globiceps (Girard)  Globeheaded sculpin 
Bald sculpin[*]   Clinocottus recalvus (Greeley)  Tide pool johnny 
Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Buffalo sculpin[*]   Enophrys bison (Girard) 
Bull sculpin  Enophrys taurina Gilbert 
Red Irish lord  Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius)  Spotted Irish lord, bullhead, red sculpin 
Brown Irish lord  Hemilepidotus spinosus (Ayres)  Reef Irish lord 
Dusky sculpin[*]   Icelinus burchami Evermann and Goldsborough 
Pithead sculpin[*]   Icelinus cavifrons Gilbert 
Threadfin sculpin[*]   Icelinus filamentosus Gilbert  Filamented sculpin 
Fringed sculpin[*]   Icelinus fimbriatus Gilbert 
Frogmouth sculpin[*]   Icelinus oculatus Gilbert 
Yellowchin sculpin[*]   Icelinus quadriseriatus (Lockington) 
Spotfin sculpin[*]   Icelinus tenuis Gilbert  Lesser filamented sculpin 
Longfin sculpin[*]   Jordania zonope Starks  Bandeye sculpin 
Lavender sculpin[*]   Leiocottus hirundo Girard 
Pacific staghorn sculpin  Leptocottus armatus Girard  Bullhead, staghorn sculpin, cabezon, buffalo sculpin, smooth cabezon 
Sailfin sculpin[*]   Nautichthys oculofasciatus (Girard)  Johnny, sailorfish 
Tidepool sculpin[*]   Oligocottus maculosus Girard  Sculpin, tidepool johnny, johnny 
Saddleback sculpin[*]   Oligocottus rimensis (Greeley)  Prickly sculpin 
Rosy sculpin  Oligocottus rubellio (Greeley) 
Fluffy sculpin  Oligocottus snyderi Greeley 
Snubnose sculpin[*]   Orthonopias triacis Starks and Mann 
Thornback sculpin[*]   Paricelinus hopliticus Eigenmann and Eigenmann 
Slim sculpin[*]   Radulinus asprellus Gilbert  Darter sculpin 
Darter sculpin[*]   Radulinus boleoides Gilbert 
Smoothgum sculpin[*]   Radulinus vinculus Bolin 
Grunt sculpin[*]   Rhamphocottus richardsonii Gunther  Gruntfish 
Cabezon  Scorpaenichthys marmoratus (Ayres)  Bullhead, blue cod, sculpin, giant marbled sculpin, giant sculpin, marble sculpin, bull cod, salpa, scorpion, biggyhead, scaleless sculpin 
Manacled sculpin[*]   Synchirus gilli Bean[*]  
Flabby sculpin  Zesticelus profundorum (Gilbert) 
Northern spearnose[*]   Agonopsis emmelane (Jordan and Starks)  Northern spearnose poacher, windowtail poacher, mottled poacher 
Northern spearnose poacher in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) and drop the term poacher since it only generates confusion. The term spearnose refers to the two spines on the rostral plate at the tip of the snout which project forward. 
Southern spearnose[*]   Agonopsis sterletus (Gilbert)  Southern spearnose poacher, snubnose poacher 
Southern spearnose poacher in AFS (1970). See comments under northern spearnose. 
Sturgeon poacher[*]   Agonus acipenserinus Tilesius  Sturgeonlike seapoacher, common alligatorfish 
Smooth alligatorfish[*]   Anoplagonus inermis (Gunther)  Smooth seapoacher, smooth poacher 
Spinycheek starnose[*]   Asterotheca infraspinata (Gilbert) 
Bigeye starnose[*]   Asterotheca pentacantha (Gilbert)  Bigeye poacher 
Bigeye poacher in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) since starnose refers to the three upright rostral spines at the tip of the snout, and is a descriptive term. 
Blackfin starnose[*]   Bathyagonus nigripinnis Gilbert  Blackfin poacher 
Blackfin poacher in AFS (1970). See comments under bigeye poacher. 
Rockhead[*]   Bothragonus swanii (Steindachner)  Deep-pitted seapoacher 
Beardless spearnose[*]   Ganoideus vulsus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Beardless poacher 
Beardless poacher in AFS (1970). See comments under northern spearnose. 
Warty poacher[*]   Occella verrucosa (Lockington)  Warty seapoacher 
Pygmy poacher[*]   Odontopyxis trispinosa Lockington  Pithead poacher 
Tubenose poacher[*]   Pallasina barbata (Steindachner)  Tubesnout poacher 
Pricklebreast poacher[*]   Stellerina xyosterna (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Blackedge poacher[*]   Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert)  Blacktip poacher 
Blacktip poacher in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) and use the more descriptive attributive "blackedge." 
Smootheye poacher[*]   Xeneretmus leiops Gilbert  Cutfin poacher 
Flagfin poacher[*]   Xeneretmus ritteri Gilbert  Stripefin poacher, spiny poacher 
Stripefin poacher in AFS (1970). We feel the attributive "flagfin" more appropriate and follow Miller and Lea (1972). 
Bluespotted poacher[*]   Xeneretmus triacanthus (Gilbert)  Bluespotted starnose 
Blacktail snailfish[*]   Careproctus melanurus Gilbert  Blacktailed liparid 
Tidepool snailfish[*]   Liparis florae (Jordan and Starks)  Shore liparid 
Slipskin snailfish[*]   Liparis fucensis Gilbert 
Slimy snailfish[*]   Liparis mucosus Ayres 
Showy snailfish[*]   Liparis pulchellus Ayres  Shorttail snailfish 
Ringtail snailfish[*]   Liparis rutteri (Gilbert and Snyder)  Ringtailed liparid, bandtail snailfish 
Serranidae—sea basses 
Spotted cabrilla  Epinephelus analogus Gill  Cabrilla pinto 
Snowy grouper[*]   Epinephelus niveatus (Valenciennes) 
Splittail bass[*]   Hemanthias peruanus (Steindachner)  Rose threadfin bass 
Gulf grouper  Mycteroperca jordani (Jenkins and Evermann)  Cabrilla de astillero, baja, baya, garuppe de baya 
Broomtail grouper  Mycteroperca xenarcha Jordan  Spikedtailed grouper, garuppa, pinto broomtail, spotted broomtail 
Kelp bass  Paralabrax clathratus (Girard)  Rock bass, sand bass, cabrilla, calico bass, bull bass, kelp salmon, lockee cod, California kelp bass 
Spotted sand bass  Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner)  Spotted bass, rock bass, cabrilla, red spotted rock bass, spotted, spotted cabrilla, pinta cabrilla 
Barred sand bass  Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard)  Rock bass, Johnny verde, kelp bass, sand bass, ground bass, sugar bass, cabrilla, California sand bass, California rock bass 
We follow AFS (1970) and add the modifier to contrast with spotted sand bass. 
Striped bass  Roccus saxatilis (Walbaum)  Striper, streaked bass, squidhound, rock, rock bass, rock fish 
Giant sea bass  Stereolepis gigas Ayres  Black sea bass, jewfish, giant bass, California jewfish, California black sea bass 
Popeye catalufa[*]   Pseudopriacanthus serrula (Gilbert)  Catalufa 
Guadalupe cardinalfish[*]   Apogon guadalupensis (Osburn and Nichols) 
Ocean whitefish  Caulolatilus princeps (Jenyns)  Blanquillo, whitefish, blanka 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Sharksucker[*]   Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus  Pega, pegador, sucking fish, white tail remora, Indian remora 
Slender suckerfish[*]   Phtheirichthys lineatus (Menzies) 
Whalesucker[*]   Remilegia australis (Bennett) 
Gray marlinsucker[*]   Remora brachyptera (Lowe)  Spearfish remora, swordfish sucker 
Spearfish remora in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) and reserve the term remora for the species Remora remora. 
Remora  Remora remora (Linnaeus)  Sucker, pega, common remora 
White suckerfish[*]   Remorina albescens (Temminck and Schlegel)  White marlinsucker 
Hardfin marlinsucker[*]   Rhombochirus osteochir (Cuvier)  Spearfish sucker, marlinsucker 
Marlinsucker in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) and add the descriptive attributive "hardfin." 
Green jack  Caranx caballus Gunther  Common green jack, cocinero, jurel, cocinero dorado 
Crevalle jack[*]   Caranx hippos (Linnaeus)  Crevalle, toro, cavally, jiguagua, horse crevalle, jack 
Pacific bumper[*]   Chloroscombrus orqueta Jordan and Gilbert  Orqueta, Xurel de Castilla, yellowtail jack 
Mexican scad  Decapterus hypodus Gill  Mackerel scad, scad, round robin, cigarfish, antonino, quiaquia 
Pilotfish  Naucrates ductor (Linnaeus)  Romero 
Leatherjacket[*]   Oligoplites saurus (Bloch and Schneider)  Skipjack, jurel, monda, yellowtailed leatherjacket 
Pacific amberjack  Seriola colburni Evermann and Clark  Bull yellowtail, turel, cohalla, toro, turel de Castilla 
Yellowtail  Seriola dorsalis (Gill)  California yellowtail, amberjack, amberfish, white salmon, cavasina, jack 
We follow AFS (1970) and drop attributive "California" as listed by Roedel (1962) since this species occurs from Chile to southern Washington. 
Palo pompano[*]   Trachinotus paitensis Cuvier 
Gafftopsail pompano[*]   Trachinotus rhodopus (Gill)  Pompanito 
Jack mackerel  Trachurus symmetricus (Ayres)  Horse mackerel, spanish mackerel, saurel, agii, jackfish, mackereljack, California horse mackerel, mackerel jack, Pacific jack mackerel 
Cottonmouth jack[*]   Uraspis secunda (Poey) 
Pacific moonfish[*]   Vomer declivifrons Meek and Hildebrand  Horsefish, moonfish, jorobado, bluntnose shiner, pugnosed shiner 
Roosterfish  Nematistius pectoralis Gill  Papagallo, gallo, pez de gallo 
Dolphinfish  Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus  Common dolphinfish, mahi-mahi, dolphin, dorado, dourade, common dolphin, small dolphin 
We prefer "dolphinfish" to AFS's "dolphin" since there is otherwise possible confusion as to whether one is speaking of the fish or the mammal. 
Pacific pomfret  Brama japonica Hilgendorf  Pomfret, smallscaled pomfret, castagnole, rondanin 
Roedel (1962) listed Pomfret, Brama rayi; however, this species subsequently has been synonymized with Brama brama, an Atlantic species, and the Pacific pomfret has been recognized as a distinct species. 
Fanfish[*]   Pteraclis aesticola (Jordan and Synder)  Benten-uwo 
Bigscale pomfret[*]   Taractichthys steindachneri (Doderlein)  Manzai-uwo, ebosh idai, hiredjiro-manzaiuo 
Silver mojarra[*]   Eucinostomus argenteus Baird and Girard  Spotfin mojarra 
Spotfin mojarra in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) since the dorsal fin of the Pacific flagfin mojarra has a black tip above a silver spot on the dorsal fin while the silver mojarra has a clear fin with fine speckling. 
Pacific flagfin mojarra[*]   Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill) 

Pristipomatidae—salema and sargos 
Sargo  Anisotremus davidsonii (Steindachner)  Perch, blue bass, black croaker, china croaker, California sargo, sargo raiado 
Salema  Xenistius californiensis (Steindachner)  Bigeye bass, California salema, striped bass 
Pacific porgy  Calamus brachysomus (Lockington)  Mojarra garabata, porgy 
Bairdiella  Bairdiella icistia (Jordan and Gilbert)  Gulf croaker 
This is a Gulf of California species introduced and established in the Salton Sea. 
Black croaker  Cheilotrema saturnum (Girard)  Chinese croaker, black perch, blue bass, black bass, surf fish, red roncador, chinafin croaker 
White seabass  Cynoscion nobilis (Ayres)  California white seabass, young sometimes called sea trout, weakfish, king croaker, white croaker 
Shortfin corvina  Cynoscion parvipinnis Ayres  Caravina, corvina, shortfin seabass 
Orangemouth corvina  Cynoscion xanthulus Jordan and Gilbert  Yellowmouth, corvina de las aletas amarillas 
This is a Gulf of California species introduced and established in the Salton Sea. 
White croaker  Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres)  Tomcod, kingfish, shiner, chenfish, herring, Pasadena trout, carbinette, carbinette, roncador, tommy, cognard, little bass, little roncador, tommy croaker 
California corbina  Menticirrhus undulatus (Girard)  California whiting, corvina, surf fish, bagre, sucker, corbina 
Spotfin croaker  Roncador stearnsii (Steindachner)  Spot, golden croaker, surf fish, roncador 
Queenfish  Seriphus politus Ayres  Kingfish, tomcod, sea trout, shiner, herring, white croaker, herring croaker 
Yellowfin croaker  Umbrina roncador Jordan and Gilbert  Surf fish, yellowfinned roncador, Catalina croaker, yellowtailed croaker, golden croaker 
Mexican goatfish[*]   Mulloidichthys dentatus (Gill)  Goatfish 
Opaleye  Girella nigricans (Ayres)  Green perch, black perch, blue-eyed perch, bluefish, Catalina perch, button perch, greenfish, blue bass, blue-eye, blue perch, Jack Benny, California opaleye 
Halfmoon  Medialuna californiensis (Steindachner)  Blue perch, blue bass, medialuna, Catalina perch, California half-moon, Catalina blue perch, black perch 
Kyphosidae—sea chubs 
Zebraperch  Hermosilla azurea Jenkins and Evermann  Convict fish, perch 
Blue-bronze chub[*]   Kyphosus analogus (Gill)  Salmena 
Pacific spadefish[*]   Chaetodipterus zonatus (Girard)  Spadefish 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Scythemarked butterflyfish[*]   Chaetodon falcifer Hubbs and Rechnitzer  Scythe butterflyfish 
Scythe butterflyfish in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) since scythemarked is more descriptive of the fish. 
Three-banded butterflyfish[*]   Chaetodon humeralis Gunther  Doll fish, muñeca 
Pelagic armorhead[*]   Pentaceros richardsoni Smith  Boarfish 
Barred surfperch  Amphistichus argenteus Agassiz  Barred perch, silver perch, surf perch, sand perch, silver surf fish 
Calico surfperch  Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs)  California porgie, humpback perch 
Redtail surfperch  Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz)  Rosy surf fish, redtail seaperch, porgy, Oregon porgie 
Kelp surfperch[]   Brachyistius frenatus Gill  Kelp perch, kelp seaperch, brown seaperch 
Shiner surfperch[]   Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons  Shiner perch, shiner, sparada, minny, shiner seaperch, yellow shiner, bay perch, seven-eleven perch 
Island surfperch[]   Cymatogaster gracilis Tarp  Island seaperch 
Pile surfperch[]   Damalichthys vacca Girard  Pile perch, forktail perch, porgee, white perch, splittail perch, pile seaperch, dusky seaperch, porgee, silver perch 
Black surfperch[]   Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz  Black perch, common surf fish, bay perch, porgy, blue perch, bay blackperch 
Striped surfperch[]   Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz  Striped seaperch, striped perch, blue perch, rainbow perch, squawfish, crugnoli, blue surf fish, striped surf fish, blue seaperch 
Spotfin surfperch  Hyperprosopon anale Agassiz 
Walleye surfperch  Hyperprosopon argenteum Gibbons  Surf fish, silver perch, walleye surf fish, walleye seaperch, china pompano, white perch 
Silver surfperch  Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons)  Silver perch, shiner 
Rainbow surfperch[]   Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz)  Rainbow seaperch, rainbow perch, striped perch, bugara, moharra 
Reef surfperch[]   Micrometrus aurora (Jordan and Gilbert)  Reef perch 
Dwarf surfperch[]   Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons)  Dwarf perch, shiner 
Sharpnose surfperch[]   Phanerodon atripes (Jordan and Gilbert)  Sharpnose seaperch 
White surfperch[]   Phanerodon furcatus Girard  White seaperch, Pacific white perch, split-tail perch, forktail perch, white surf fish, white perch, shiner 
Rubberlip surfperch[]   Rhacochilus toxotes (Agassiz)  Rubberlip seaperch, rubberlip perch, porgee, alfione, pile perch, niggerlip, sprat, liverlip, buttermouth 
Pink surfperch[]   Zalembius rosaceus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Pink seaperch 
Blacksmith  Chromis punctipinnis (Cooper)  Perch, blue perch, kelp perch, rock bass, black perch 
Garibaldi  Hypsypops rubicundus (Girard)  Ocean goldfish, garibaldi perch, golden perch 
Striped mullet  Mugil cephalus Linnaeus  Mullet 
California barracuda  Sphyraena argentea Girard  Pacific barracuda, scoots, scooters, snake, barracuda, log barracuda, barry 
Listed as Pacific barracuda in AFS (1970). The occurrence of this species is primarily restricted to the Californias (Alta and Baja) north of Cape San Lucas, with another species occurring in the Gulf of California. We follow Roedel (1962) and use the attributive "California." 

Blue bobo[*]   Polydactylus approximans (Lay and Bennett)  Blue threadfin, Pacific threadfin, threadfin 
Yellow bobo[*]   Polydactylus opercularis (Linnaeus)  Yellow threadfin 
Rock wrasse  Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres)  California wrasse, parrot fish, wrasse 
Señorita  Oxyjulis californica (Gunther)  Kelpfish, pescerey, kelp wrasse, butterfish 
California sheephead  Pimelometopon pulchrum (Ayres)  Sheephead, California redfish, fathead, humpy, redfish 
Pacific sandfish[*]   Trichodon trichodon (Tilesius)  Sandfish 
Smooth ronquil[*]   Rathbunella hypoplecta (Gilbert) 
Northern ronquil[*]   Ronquilus jordani (Gilbert)  Ronquil 
Smooth stargazer[*]   Kathetostoma averruncus Jordan and Bollman 
Blenniidae—combtooth blennies 
Bay blenny[*]   Hypsoblennius gentilis (Girard) 
Rockpool blenny  Hypsoblennius gilberti (Jordan) 
Mussel blenny[*]   Hypsoblennius jenkinsi Jordan and Evermann  Crevice blenny 
Wolf-eel  Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres 
Island kelpfish  Alloclinus holderi (Lauderbach)  Island klipfish 
Orangethroat pikeblenny  Chaenopsis alepidota (Gilbert)  Pacific pikeblenny, pikeblenny 
Deepwater blenny[*]   Cryptotrema corallinum Gilbert  Deepwater klipfish 
Spotted kelpfish  Gibbonsia elegans (Cooper)  Oscellated klipfish 
Scarlet kelpfish[*]   Gibbonsia erythra Hubbs  Scarlet klipfish 
Striped kelpfish  Gibbonsia metzi Hubbs  Seaweed kelpfish, weed klipfish 
Crevice kelpfish[*]   Gibbonsia montereyensis Hubbs  Spotted kelpfish, crevice klipfish 
Giant kelpfish  Heterostichus rostratus Girard  Kelpfish, eel, kelp blenny, butterfish 
Sarcastic fringehead  Neoclinus blanchardi Girard  Kelp fish 
Yellowfin fringehead[*]   Neoclinus stephensae Hubbs 
Onespot fringehead  Neoclinus uninotatus Hubbs 
Reef finspot  Paraclinus integripinnis (Smith) 
Giant wrymouth[*]   Deloepis gigantea Kittlitz  Congo eel 
Dwarf wrymouth[*]   Lyconectes aleutensis Gilbert  Red devil 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Monkeyface-eel  Cebidichthys violaceus (Girard)  Monkeyface prickleback, blenny eel, monkeyface blenny, eel, giant monkeyface-eel, California monkeyface-eel 
Monkeyface prickleback in AFS (1970). The term "eel" is so ingrained in the vernacular of California fishermen with respect to this species, we must follow Roedel (1962) and apply the name, monkeyface-eel. This also helps reduce confusion in names of "blenny-like" fishes in other families. 
Slender cockscomb[*]   Anoplarchus insignis Gilbert and Burke 
High cockscomb[*]   Anoplarchus purpurescens Gill  Central cockscomb, crested blenny, cockscomb prickleback, cockscomb 
Mosshead warbonnet[*]   Chirolophis nugator (Jordan and Williams)  Ornamented blenny, mosshead prickleback 
Snake prickleback[*]   Lumpenus sagitta Wilimovsky  Eel-blenny, Pacific snake prickleback 
Ribbon prickleback[*]   Phytichthys chirus (Jordan and Gilbert)  Belted blenny 
Crisscross prickleback[*]   Plagiogrammus hopkinsi Bean 
Bluebarred prickleback[*]   Plectobranchus evides Gilbert  Black and white prickleback 
Whitebarred prickleback[*]   Poroclinus rothrocki Bean  Whitebanded prickleback 
Black prickleback[*]   Xiphister atropurpureus (Kittlitz) 
Rock prickleback  Xiphister mucosus (Girard)  Blenny-eel, rock blenny, rock-eel, black eel, eel, slick eel 
Roedel (1962) lists this species as rock-eel; however, we follow AFS (1970) since this is not an eel even though fishermen commonly refer to it as one. The use of prickle-back also helps reduce confusion in names of "blenny-like" fishes in other families. 
Penpoint gunnel[*]   Apodichthys flavidus Girard  Penpoint blenny 
Longfin gunnel[*]   Pholis clemensi Rosenblatt 
Crescent gunnel[*]   Pholis laeta (Cope)  Bracketed blenny 
Saddleback gunnel[*]   Pholis ornata (Girard)  Saddled blenny 
Red gunnel[*]   Pholis schultzi Hubbs  Slender gunnel 
Kelp gunnel[*]   Ulvicola sanctaerosae Gilbert and Starks 
Rockweed gunnel[*]   Xererpes fucorum (Jordan and Gilbert)  Fucus blenny 
Graveldiver[*]   Scytalina cerdale Jordan and Gilbert  Borrowing blenny 
Prowfish[*]   Zaprora silenus Jordan 
Ragfish[*]   Icosteus aenigmaticus Lockington  Brown ragfish, fantailed ragfish 
Ammodytidae—sand lances 
Pacific sandlance  Ammodytes hexapterus Pallas  Inshore sandlance, sandlance 
Pacific fat sleeper[*]   Dormitator latifrons (Richardson) 

Yellowfin goby[*]   Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck and Schlegel) 
Arrow goby[*]   Clevelandia ios (Jordan and Gilbert)  Mud goby 
Blackeye goby  Coryphopterus nicholsii (Bean)  Large scaled goby, crested goby, bluespot goby 
Listed as bluespot goby by Roedel (1962), but we follow AFS (1970) since blackeye goby is the more commonly used name. 
Tidewater goby[*]   Eucyclogobius newberryi (Girard) 
Longjaw mudsucker  Gillichthys mirabilis Cooper  Mudsucker, longjawed goby 
Longtail goby[*]   Gobionellus longicaudus (Jenkins and Evermann) 
Cheekspot goby[*]   Ilypnus gilberti (Eigenmann and Eigenmann) 
Bay goby[*]   Lepidogobius lepidus (Girard)  Finescale goby 
Kelp goby[*]   Lethops connectens Hubbs  Halfblind goby 
Halfblind goby in AFS (1970). Kelp goby seems much more appropriate so we follow Miller and Lea (1972) in designating this name. 
Bluebanded goby  Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert) 
Zebra goby  Lythrypnus zebra (Gilbert) 
Shadow goby[*]   Quietula y-cauda (Jenkins and Evermann) 
Chameleon goby[*]   Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill)  Trident goby, specklefaced goby 
This species is listed as trident goby by AFS (1970); however, we follow Miller and Lea (1972) since this fish has the ability to change rapidly (within seconds) its color pattern to either stripes or bars and the term "chameleon" is more appropriate. 
Blind goby  Typhlogobius californiensis Steindachner 
Gempylidae—snake mackerels 
Snake mackerel[*]   Gempylus serpens Cuvier 
Oilfish[*]   Ruvettus pretiosus Cocco 
Razorback scabbardfish[*]   Assurger anzac (Alexander) 
Pacific scabbardfish[*]   Lepidopus xantusi Goode and Bean  Scabbardfish, black scabbardfish 
Scabbardfish in AFS (1970). We add the attributive "Pacific" to reduce confusion with razorback scabbardfish. 
Pacific cutlassfish  Trichiurus nitens Garman  Cutlassfish 
Scombridae—mackerels and tunas 
Slender tuna[*]   Allothunnus fallai Serventy 
Bullet mackerel  Auxis rochei (Risso)  Barred frigate mackerel, Pacific bullet mackerel 
Frigate mackerel  Auxis thazard (Lacepede)  Streaked frigate mackerel, wavyback frigate mackerel, Mexican skipjack, keokeo 
Wavyback skipjack  Euthynnus affinis Cantor  Kawakawa, little tuna 
Kawakawa in AFS (1970). We follow Roedel (1962) since the term "wavyback" is more descriptive of the fish and more meaningful to California fishermen. 
Black skipjack  Euthynnus lineatus Kishinouye  Cross bred mackerel, Mexican little tunny 
Skipjack tuna  Euthynnus pelamis (Linnaeus)  Skippy, striped tuna, oceanic bonito, skipjack, watermelon, victor fish, oceanic skipjack, artic bonito, tuna 
Escolar[*]   Lepidocybium flavobrunneum (Smith)  Deepsea escolar 
Pacific bonito  Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier)  Bonito, California bonito, striped tuna, ocean bonito, skipjack 
Pacific mackerel  Scomber japonicus Houttuyn  Blue mackerel, chub mackerel, green mackerel, right mackerel, greenback mackerel, striped mackerel, green jack, American mackerel, zebra mackerel, mackerel 
Chub mackerel in AFS (1970). We retain the name Pacific mackerel since it currently is so well established in the laws of California as well as in the vernacular of the fishermen. 
Monterey spanish mackerel  Scomberomorus concolor (Lockington)  Monterey mackerel, spanish mackerel 
Sierra  Scomberomorus sierra Jordan and Starks  Sierra mackerel, spanish mackerel, cero, spotted mackerel 
Albacore  Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre)  Longfinned tuna, abrego, Pacific albacore, long-finned albacore, aliconghi, German, germo 
Yellowfin tuna  Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre)  Yellowfinned albacore, Pacific yellowfin tuna, tuna 
Bigeye tuna  Thunnus obesus Lowe  Bigeyed, patudo, tuna 
Bluefin tuna  Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus)  Tunny, great tunny, leaping tuna, California bluefin tuna, Pacific bluefin tuna, shortfin tuna, horse mackerel, ahi, great albacore, tuna 
Pacific albacore, Thunnus germo; Pacific yellowtail, Neothunnus macr pterus; Pacific bigeye tuna, Parathunnus sibi; and California bluefin tuna, Thunnus saliens; in Roedel (1962). Subsequent to that time all these species have been placed in the genus Thunnus and synonymized with worldwide species; therefore, we have dropped the attributives Pacific and California as being inappropriate. 
Swordfish  Xiphias gladius Linnaeus  Broadbill, broadbill swordfish 
Louvar  Luvarus imperialis Rafinesque 
Sailfish  Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw and Nodder)  Pacific sailfish 
Roedel (1962) listed Pacific sailfish, Istiophorus greyi; however, subsequently all sailfish species from all oceans have been synonymized under a single cosmopolitan species. 
We therefore drop the attributive "Pacific" as being inappropriative. 
Black marlin  Makaira indica (Cuvier)  Spearfish, spikefish, sailfish 
Blue marlin  Makaira nigricans Lacepede  Spearfish, spikefish, sailfish 
Shortbill spearfish  Tetrapturus angustirostris Tanaka 
Striped marlin  Tetrapturus audax (Philippi)  Spearfish, spikefish, sailfish, Pacific marlin 
Medusafish  Icichthys lockingtoni Jordan and Gilbert  Brown rubberfish 
Pacific butterfish  Peprilus simillimus (Ayres)  Pacific pompano, butterfish, California pompano, California butterfish, pompano 
Pacific pompano in Roedel (1962) and AFS (1970). This name is somewhat misleading since "pompano" is most frequently used in reference to certain fishes in the family Carangidae; therefore, we follow Miller and Lea (1972) and designate the common name Pacific butterfish. 
Smalleye squaretail  Tetragonurus cuvieri Risso  Squaretail, escolar de natura, courpata, sea raven, Pacific squaretail 
Bothidae—lefteye flounders 
Pacific sanddab  Citharichthys sordidus (Girard)  Sand dab, soft flounder, sole, mottled sanddab, megrim 
Speckled sanddab  Citharichthys stigmaeus Jordan and Gilbert  Sand dab 
Longfin sanddab  Citharichthys xanthostigma Gillbert  Sand dab, soft flounder, Catalina sanddab 
Bigmouth sole  Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann and Eigenmann  Bigmouth flounder, bigmouth halibut 
California halibut  Paralichthys californicus (Ayres)  Halibut, chicken halibut, bastard halibut, southern halibut, alabato, Monterey halibut 
Fantail sole  Xystreurys liolepis Jordan and Gilbert  Longfinned flounder, longfin sole, true petrale, fantail halibut, fantail flounder 

Pleuronectidae—righteyed flounders 
Arrowtooth flounder  Atheresthes stomias (Jordan and Gilbert)  Arrowtoothed sole, arrowtooth halibut, turbot, bastard halibut, French sole, longjawed flounder, English flounder 
Deepsea sole  Embassichthys bathybius (Gilbert)  Speckled sole, blackmouth sole 
Petrale sole  Eopsetta jordani (Lockington)  Roundnosed sole, Jordan's flounder, California sole, English sole, brill, soglia 
Rex sole  Glyptocephalus zachirus Lockington  Longfinned sole, witch sole 
Flathead sole[*]   Hippoglossoides elassodon Jordan and Gilbert 
Pacific halibut  Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt  Halibut, alabato, northern halibut, right halibut, genuine halibut, real halibut 
Diamond turbot  Hypsopsetta guttulata (Girard)  Diamond flounder, turbot, halibut, sole 
Butter sole  Isopsetta isolepis (Lockington)  Scalyfin sole, scalyfinned flounder, Bellingham sole, sole, rock sole 
Scalyfin sole in Roedel (1962). We follow AFS (1970) since the name "butter sole" is so well established in the vernacular. 
Rock sole  Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres)  Broadfin sole, doublelined flounder, flounder, rock sole, sole, gravel sole, roughback sole 
Slender sole  Lyopsetta exilis (Jordan and Gilbert)  Slender flounder, rough sole 
Dover sole  Microstomus pacificus (Lockington)  Slippery sole, slime sole, shortfinned sole, rubber sole, smear dab, lemon sole, Chinese sole 
English sole  Parophrys vetulus Girard  Pointednosed sole, common sole, California sole, lemon sole, sole, sharpnose sole 
Starry flounder  Platichthys stellatus (Pallas)  Rough jacket, great flounder, sole, English sole, flounder, grindstone, California flounder, emery flounder 
C-O turbot  Pleuronichthys coenosus Girard  C-O sole, mottled turbot 
C-O sole in AFS (1970). Members of this genus are generally called "turbot" and lumped under that name in reporting the California commercial catch. For that reason we follow Roedel (1962). 
Curlfin turbot  Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan and Gilbert  California turbot, curlfinned flounder, curlfin sole, and dab 
Spotted turbot  Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks and Morris  Ritter's turbot 
Hornyhead turbot  Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan and Gilbert  Sharpridged turbot, sharpridged flounder, sand dab 
Sand sole  Psettichthys melanostictus Girard  Fringe sole, spotted flounder, sand dab 
Greenland halibut[*]   Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Walbaum)  Halibut, right halibut, northern halibut, genuine halibut, real halibut, alabato, sole 
California tonguefish  Symphurus atricauda (Jordan and Gilbert)  Tongue sole, tonguefish 
Finescale triggerfish  Balistes polylepis Steindachner  Pez puerco 
Black triggerfish[*]   Melichthys niger (Bloch)  Black durgon 
Black durgon in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972) since we feel the term "triggerfish" is more easily identified with the family. 
Redtail triggerfish[*]   Xanthichthys mento (Jordan and Gilbert) 
Spiny boxfish[*]   Ostracion diaphanum Bloch and Schneider 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Oceanic puffer[*]   Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus) 
Bullseye puffer[*]   Sphoeroides annulatus (Jenyns)  Globe fish, network puffer 
Botete[*]   Sphoeroides lobatus (Steindachner)  Gulf puffer 
Pacific burrfish[*]   Chilomycterus affinis Gunther  Burfish 
Spotted porcupine fish[*]   Diodon hystrix Linnaeus  Porcupinefish 
Porcupinefish in AFS (1970). We follow Miller and Lea (1972), since the attributive "spotted" helps identify the species. 
Common mola  Mola mola (Linnaeus)  Ocean sunfish, mola, sun fish, millstone, headfish 
We add the attributive common to name "mola" as listed by Roedel (1962) since it is by far the most common of the two molas in California waters. AFS (1970) list "ocean sunfish" which also is applied in the vernacular. 
Slender mola[*]   Ranzania laevis (Pennant) 

Fingered limpet  Acmaea digitalis Eschscholtz  Finger limpet 
Whitecap limpet  Acmaea mitra Eschscholtz  Whitecap, duncecap limpet 
Owl limpet  Lottia gigantea Sowerby  Giant owl shell, owl shell 
Threaded abalone  Haliotis assimilis Dall 
Pink abalone  Haliotis corrugata Gray  Corrugated abalone, rough abalone 
Black abalone  Haliotis cracherodii Leach 
Green abalone  Haliotis fulgens Philippi  Splendid abalone, splendid ear shell, blue abalone 
Pinto abalone  Haliotis kamtschatkama Jonas  Japanese abalone 
Red abalone  Haliotis rufescens Swainson 
White abalone  Haliotis sorenseni Bartsch 
Flat abalone  Haliotis walallensis Stearns  Northern green abalone 
Fissurellidae—keyhole limpets 
Volcano limpet  Fissurella volcano Reeve  Volcano keyhole limpet 
Giant keyhole limpet  Megathura crenulata (Sowerby)  Black keyhole limpet 
Purple ringed top shell  Calliostoma annulatum (Lightfoot) 
Channeled top shell  Calliostoma canaliculatum (Lightfoot) 
Ribbed top shell  Calliostoma ligatum Gould 
Brown turban  Tegula brunnea (Philippi)  Brown tegula, brown top 
Black turban  Tegula funebralis (Adams)  Black tegula, black top 
Speckled turban  Tegula gallina (Forbes)  Speckled tegula, speckled top 
Monterey turban  Tegula montereyi Kiener  Monterey tegula 
Dusky turban  Tegula pulligo Gmelim  Dusky tegula 
Red top  Astraea gibberosa (Dillwyn)  Red turban 
Wavy top  Astraea undosa (Wood)  Wavy turban, wavy top turban, wavy turbine 
Eroded periwinkle  Littorina planaxis Philippi  Flatbottomed periwinkle, flat periwinkle, gray littorina 
Checkered periwinkle  Littorina scutulata Gould 
Vermetidae—worm shells 
Scaled worm shell (snail)  Serpulorbis squamigerus (Carpenter)  Scaly worm mollusk 
Potamididae—horn shells 
California horn shell (snail)  Cerithidea californica (Haldeman) 
Hipponicidae—hoof shells 
Hoof shell (snail)  Hipponix antiquatus Linnaeus  Ancient hoof shell, horse hoof shell 
Hooked slipper  Crepidula adunca Sowerby  Turban slipper shell 
Onyx slipper  Crepidula onyx Sowerby 
Half slipper  Crepipatella lingulata (Gould)  Pacific half slipper, wrinkled slipper shell 
Spiny cup and saucer  Crucibulum spinosum (Sowerby)  Cup and saucer, cup and saucer limpet 
Naticidae—moon snails 
Lewis moon snail  Polinices lewisii (Gould)  Northern moon snail, western moon shell, Lewis's bullseye 
Southern moon snail  Polinices reclusianus (Deshayes)  Recluz's moon snail, Recluz's bullseye 
Chestnut cowry  Cypraea spadicea (Swainson)  Nutbrown cowry 
Bursidae—frog shells 
California frog shell (snail)  Bursa californica (Hinds)  California frog mollusk 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Belcher's murex  Forreria belcheri (Hinds)  Giant forreria, Belcher's chorus shell 
Lurid rock  Ocenebra lurida (Middendorff)  Lurid ocenebra, lurid murex 
Poulson's rock  Ocenebra poulsoni (Carpenter) 
Festive murex  Pteropurpura festiva (Hinds)  Festive rock shell 
Three winged murex  Pteropurpura triolata (Sowerby)  Three-winged rock shell 
Kellet's whelk  Kelletia kelletii (Forbes) 
Beatic olive  Olivella baetica Carpenter  Beatic olivella, beatic dwarf olive, brown olive 
Purple olive  Olivella biplicata (Sowerby)  Purple olivella, purple dwarf olive, California purple olive 
California cone  Conus californicus Hinds 

California bubble  Bulla gouldiana Pilsbry  Gould's bubble, cloudy bubble 
Atyidae—paper bubbles 
Gould's paper bubble  Haminoea vesicula (Gould)  White bubble shell, bubble shell, blister paper bubble 
Green paper bubble  Haminoea virescens (Sowerby)  Green bubble shell 

San Diego peapod  Adula diegensis (Dall) 
Peapod borer  Adula falcata (Gould)  Falcate date mussel, peapod shell, hooked peapod 
Ribbed horsemussel  Gukensia demissa (Dillwyn)  Ribbed mussel 
Date mussel  Lithophaga plumula (Hanley)  Rock boring mussel, rock eating mussel, rock-dwelling mussel, rock borer 
Fat horsemussel  Modiolus capax (Conrad)  Capax horsemussel, horsemussel 
Straight horsemussel  Modiolus rectus (Conrad)  Giant horsemussel, horsemussel, straight mussel 
California seamussel  Mytilus californianus Conrad  California mussel, mussel, sea mussel 
Bay mussel  Mytilus edulis Linnaeus  Edible mussel, black mussel, blue mussel 
Platform mussel  Septifer bifurcatus (Conrad)  Branch-ribbed mussel 
Giant Pacific oyster  Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg)  Japanese oyster 
Eastern oyster  Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin)  Virginia oyster 
Native oyster  Ostrea lurida Carpenter  Lurid oyster, Olympia oyster, California oyster 

Speckled scallop  Aequipecten aequisculcatus (Carpenter)  Bay scallops, speckled pecten 
Rock scallop  Hinnites multirugosus Gale  Purplehinged pecten, giant rock scallop, rock pecten, purplehinged scallop 
Weathervane scallop  Pecten caurinus (Gould) 
San Diego scallop  Pecten diegensis Dall  San Diego pecten 
Pearly jingle  Anomia peruviana d'Orbigny  Lawless shell, jingle shell, Peruvian jingle, rock oyster, lamp anomia, common jingle 
Abalone jingle  Pododesmus cepio (Gray)  Blister oyster 
Agate chama  Chama pellucida Sowerby  Clear jewel box, jewel box, agate jewel box, agate rock oyster 
California reversed chama  Pseudochama exogyra (Conrad)  Reversed chama, reversed jewel box, reversed rock oyster 
Basket cockle  Clinocardium nuttalli (Conrad)  Nuttall's cockle 
Smooth giant cockle  Laevicardium elatum (Sowerby)  Giant egg cockle, giant cockle 
Spiny cockle  Trachycardium quadragenarium (Conrad)  Forty ribbed cockle, giant Pacific cockle, forty ribbed heart clam 
Veneridae—venus clams 
White amiantis  Amiantis callosa (Conrad)  White venus, sea cockle 
Banded chione  Chione californiensis (Broderip)  California chione, banded cockle, California venus, hardshell cockle 
Smooth chione  Chione fluctifraga (Sowerby)  Smooth cockle, smooth Pacific venus, smooth California venus, hardshell cockle 
Wavy chione  Chione undatella (Sowerby)  Wavy cockle, frilled California venus, hardshell cockle 
Northern quahog  Mercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus)  Quahog, round clam, hardshell clam 
Roughsided littleneck  Protothaca laciniata (Carpenter)  Folded littleneck, netted carpet shell 
Common littleneck  Protothaca staminea (Conrad)  Littleneck clam, ribbed carpet shell, common Pacific littleneck, native littleneck, rock cockle, hardshell, Tomales Bay cockle, rock clam 
Thinshelled littleneck  Protothaca tenerrima (Carpenter)  Finest carpet shell, thinshelled cockle 
Smooth Washington clam  Saxidomus giganteus (Deshayes)  Giant saxidome, giant rockdweller, big neck clam, butter clam, money shell 
Common Washington clam  Saxidomus nuttalli Conrad  Washington clam, Nuttall's saxidome, bigneck clam, butter clam, money shell 
Japanese littleneck  Ruditapes semidecussata (Reeve) 
Pismo clam  Tivela stultorum (Mawe)  Great tivela, thickshell tivela 
Ford's venus  Ventricolaria fordii (Yates) 
Mactridae—dish clams 
California mactra  Mactra californica Conrad  California surf clam 
Narrow dish clam  Spisula catilliformis (Conrad)  Dish clam 
Hemphill dish clam  Spisula hemphilli (Dall)  Hemphill's surf clam 
Gaper  Tresus nuttalli (Conrad)  Big neck, Pacific gaper, horse clam, gaper clam, summer clam, otter shell 

Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Yellow apolymetis  Florimetis obesa (Deshayes) 
Bentnose clam  Macoma nasuta (Conrad)  Bentnose macoma, tellens, mud clam 
White sandclam  Macoma secta (Conrad)  White macoma, white sand macoma, giant macoma 
Bodega tellen  Tellina bodegensis Hinds  Tellen 
Donacidae—wedge clams 
Wedge clam  Donax californicus Conrad  California wedge clam, California bean clam 
Bean clam  Donax gouldii Dall  Common Pacific wedge shell, little bean clam, Gould's wedge shell 
Gardae—sunset clams 
Sunset clam  Gari californica (Conrad)  California sunset shell 
Deepwater gari  Gari edentula (Gobb)  Giant sunset shell, sunset clam 
Purple clam  Sanguinolaria nuttalli Conrad 
Clipped semele  Semele decisa (Conrad)  Flat clam, bark semele 
Solecurtidae—jackknife clams 
California jackknife clam  Tagelus californianus (Conrad)  Short razor clam, California short razor, jackknife clam, razor clam 
Solenidae—razor clams 
Northern razor clam  Siliqua patula (Dixon)  Flat razor shell, Pacific razor clam, California razor fish, razor clam, sea clam 
Rosy razor clam  Solen rosaceus Carpenter  Jackknife clam, razor clam 
Sickle razor clam  Solen sicarius Gould  Blunt razor shell, jackknife clam, razor clam 
Myidae—softshell clams 
Softshell clam  Mya arenaria Linnaeus  Common mya, long clam, nanninose, soft clam, eastern softshell clam, mud clam 
Checked borer  Platyodon cancellatus (Conrad)  Flat toothed clam, chubby mya, crossbarred broadtooth clam 
Geoduck  Panopea generosa (Gould)  Giant panopaea, geoduc, gweduc 
Mud piddock  Barnea subtruncata (Sowerby)  Pacific piddock 
Scalesided piddock  Parapholas californica (Conrad)  California piddock, borer, piddock 
Flaptipped piddock  Penitella penita (Conrad)  Common piddock, rock piddock, borer 
Wartnecked piddock  Pholadidea ovoidea (Gould)  Oval piddock 
Rough piddock  Zirfaea pilsbryi Lowe  Pilsbry's piddock, piddock, borer 

Acanthochitonidae—Spiny tunnics 
Giant Pacific chiton  Cryptochiton stelleri (Middendorff)  Gumboot, giant chiton, gumboot chiton, giant sea cradle 

Ischnochitonidae—scaly girdles 
Conspicuous chiton  Stenoplax conspicua (Pilsbry)  Showy chiton, sea cradle 
Lined chiton  Tonicella lineata (Wood)  Redlined chiton 
Mopaliidae—thin tunnics 
Black chiton  Katharina tunicata (Wood)  Black Katy chiton, black Katy 
Mossy chiton  Mopalia muscosa Gould  Moss chiton, mossy mopalia 

Twospot octopus  Octopus bimoculatus (Verrill) 
Common octopus  Octopus punctatus (Gobb)  Devilfish 

Loliginidae—market squids 
Market squid  Loligo opalescens Berry  Common squid, sea arrow, squid, opalescent squid, inkfish, calamari 

Asterinidae—sea star 
Sea bat  Patiria miniata (Brandt)  Webbed starfish, webbed seastar, batstar, bat starfish 

Giant spined starfish  Pisaster giganteus (Stimpson)  Giant starfish knobby starfish, southern two-colored starfish, spiny star, contrasting colored starfish 
Common starfish  Pisaster ochraceus (Brandt)  Purpole starfish, ochre starfish 

Strongylocentrotidae—sea urchins 
Fragil sea urchin  Allocentrotus fragilis (Jackson) 
Giant red sea urchin  Strongylocentrotus franciscanus (Agassiz)  Red sea urchin, giant red urchin 
Purple sea urchin  Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Stimpson)  Purple urchin 


Scutellidae—sand dollars 
Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Sand dollar  Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz)  Common sand dollar 

Loveniidae—heart urchins 
Heart urchin  Lovenia cordiformis Lutken  Sea porcupine 

Balanidae—sessile barnacles 
Big acorn barnacle  Balanus cariosus (Pallas) 
Common acorn barnacle  Balanus glandula Darwin  White buckshot barnacle 
Large barnacle  Balanus nubilus Darwin 
Red and white barnacle  Balanus tintinnabulum (Linnaeus)  Pink barnacle 
Thatched barnacle  Tetraclita squamosa Darwin 
Lepadidae—stalked barnacles 
Pacific goose barnacle  Mitella polymerus (Sowerby)  Goose barnacle, gooseneck barnacle 
Driftwood goose barnacle  Lepas anatifera Linnaeus  Ship goose barnacle 

Artemiidae—brine shrimps 
Brine shrimp  Artemia salina Leach 

Peneidae—ridgeback prawns 
Ridgeback prawn  Eusicyonia ingentus Burkenroad 
Pandalidae—ocean shrimps 
Pacific ocean shrimp  Pandalus jordani Rathbun  Ocean shrimp 
Spot prawn  Pandalus platyceros Brandt 

Hippolytidae—grass shrimps 
Red rock shrimp  Hippolysmata californica Stimpson  Red striped shrimp, large transparent shrimp, striped tidepool shrimp 
Slender green shrimp  Hippolyte californiensis Holmes 
Redbanded transparent shrimp  Spirontocaris picta (Stimpson)  Brokenback shrimp 
Crangonidae—snapping shrimps 
California pistol shrimp  Crangon californiensis (Holmes)  Pistol shrimp 
Pistol shrimp  Crangon dentipes (Guerin)  Snapping shrimp 
Cragonidae—bay shrimp 
Franciscan bay shrimp  Crago franciscorum (Stimpson)  California shrimp 
Blacktailed bay shrimp  Crago nigricauda (Stimpson)  Blacktailed shrimp 
Spotted bay shrimp  Crago nigromaculata (Lockington) 
Palinuridae—spiny lobsters 
California spiny lobster  Panulirus interruptus (Randall)  Rock lobsters 
Callianassidae—ghost shrimps 
Beach ghost shrimp  Callianassa affinis Holmes 
Bay ghost shrimp  Callianassa californiensis Dana  Red ghost shrimp, California ghost shrimp, rockyshore ghost shrimp 
Giant ghost shrimp  Callianassa gigas Dana 
Blue mud shrimp  Upogebia pugettensis (Dana) 
Paguridae—hermit crabs 
California giant hermit crab  Holopagurus pilosus Holmes 
California hermit crab  Pagurus californiensis (Benedict) 
Compressed wrist hermit crab  Pagurus hemphillii (Benedict) 
Hairy hermit crab  Pagurus hirsutiusculus (Dana) 
Blueclawed hermit crab  Pagurus samuelis (Stimpson) 
Box crab  Lopholithodes foraminatus (Stimpson) 
Galatheidae—shrimpbodied crabs 
Pelagic red crab  Pleuroncodes planipes Stimpson  Tuna crab, squat lobster, red crab 
Albuneidae—mole crabs 
Spiny mole crab  Blepharipoda occidentalis Randall  Spiny sand crab, giant sand crab 
Porcelain mole crab  Lepidopa myops Stimpson  Porcelain sand crab 
Hippidae—sand crabs 
Sand crab  Emerita analoga (Stimpson)  Common sand crab 
Porcellanidae—porcelain crabs 
Thickclawed porcelain crab  Pachycheles rudis Stimpson  Thickclawed crab 
Flat porcelain crab  Petrolisthes cinctipes (Randall)  Porcelain crab 

Leucosiidae—purple crabs 
Designated common name  Scientific name  Other common names 
Purple crab  Randallia ornata (Randall)  Globe crab, purple globe crab 
Parthenopidae—elbow crabs 
Elbow crab  Heterocrypta occidentalis (Dana) 
Inachidae—spider crabs 
Shieldbacked kelp crab  Pugettia producta (Randall)  Northern kelp crab, kelp crab 
Graceful kelp crab  Pugettia gracilis Dana 
Sheep crab  Loxorhynchus grandis Stimpson 
Champion masking crab  Loxorhynchus crispatus Stimpson  Moss covered crab, masking crab, moss crab 
Graceful decorator crab  Oregonia gracilis Dana 
Cancridae—cancer crabs 
Rock crab  Cancer antennarius Stimpson  Spotbellied rock crab, common rock crab 
Yellow crab  Cancer anthonyi Rathbun 
Slender crab  Cancer gracilis Dana 
Dungeness crab  Cancer magister Dana  Market crab, edible crab, big crab, common crab, Pacific edible crab, Pacific coast edible crab, commercial crab 
This species is called Dungeness crab in most areas along the Pacific coast of the United States and Canada. In California it has been called the market crab; however, to promote uniformity in the nomenclature of common names, we designate Dungeness crab as the common name in California. 
Red crab  Cancer productus Randall  Red rock crab, rock crab 
Portunidae—swimming crabs 
Swimming crab  Portunus xantusii (Stimpson) 
Grapsidae—shore crabs 
Purple shore crab  Hemigrapsus nudus (Dana) 
Yellow shore crab  Hemigrapsus oregonensis (Dana)  Mud crab, mudflat crab, green shore crab 
Striped shore crab  Pachygrapsus crassipes Randall  Lined shore crab 
Ocypodidae—fiddler crabs 
Fiddler crab  Uca crenulata (Lockington) 



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1. Not listed in Roedel, 1962.

2. These species of rockfish have been marketed in the filleted condition as red snapper since the late 1800s. Since the true red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus (Poey), belongs to the family Lutjanidae which is not represented on the Pacific coast of the United States, and since the name "red snapper" is firmly implanted in the vernacular of the commercial fishermen, we suggest the term "Pacific red snapper" be used when marketing these species in a filleted condition. On March 8, 1974, the California Fish and Game Commission adopted Section 103, Title 14, California Administrative Code, which states the term Pacific red snapper may be used as an alternate common name for these species.

3. Filleted sablefish have been marketed as "butterfish" in California for many years. On March 8, 1974, the California Fish and Game Commission adopted Section 103, Title 14, California Administrative Code, which states the term butterfish may be used as an alternate for the designated name, sablefish.

4. A rule-of-thumb was applied in 1953 in naming embiotocids which called for using "surfperch" for those species which typically are surf dwellers, "seaperch" for those associated with the ocean but not primarily with the surf, and "perch" alone for those of varying habitat. This has led to some confusion at times, so we follow Miller and Lea (1972) and apply the term "surfperch" to all members of the family except the tuleperch, Hysterocarpus traskii, the only freshwater representative of the group. Those species names followed by a † were listed in Roedel (1962) and AFS (1970) following the above rule of thumb.

5. Mollusks, echinoderms, and arthropods were not considered by Roedel (1962).

6. When using common names of gastropods in reports, we suggest the term "snail" be added, when appropriate, when reference is made to a living animal and the term "shell" be added when referring only to the shell. This procedure will help the reader determine whether an animal was collected or just the remains, and if the animal actually occurs in the area covered by the report (collected alive) or may occur in the area (only shell collected).

About this text
Courtesy of Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library;
Title: California marine fish landings for 1972
By:  Pinkas, Leo, creator, Frey, Herbert W.
Date: 1974 (issued)
Contributing Institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library;
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State of California, Department of Fish and Game