Farm Security Administration reports and miscellaneous documents, 1942-1943


1

PROCEDURE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETERMINATION
OF WAGES UNDER THE FARM LABOR TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM

Part I

  • 1. Immediately following the notice of certification by the Regional United States Employment Service to the Farm Security Administration for the need of procuring and transporting labor from an area of available labor to an area of labor need, the FSA shall advise the Secretary of Agriculture who shall take steps to form a wage board composed of two representatives from the Department of Agriculture, one, from the USES and one representative from the War Manpower Commission;
  • 2. This wage board shall be called into service by the Secretary of Agriculture only on the advice of the FSA for the purpose of determining prevailing wages on the basis of evidence submitted to it by interested and concerned persons or groups at public hearings which it shall be instructed to hold at a designated place within the certified area of need;
  • 3. Also, immediately following the receipt of certification by the USES, the FSA shall undertake an investigation of prevailing wage rates in the area of need for the various farm operations to be performed by labor recruited and transported by the FSA from outside this area;
  • 4. The wage findings of the FSA (including time rates, piece rates and workers' time performance, if paid on piece basis, etc.) shall be submitted to the Secretary's wage board to be used as a technical guide in conducting its public hearings;
  • 5. The wage determination of the wage board shall constitute the minima for the purpose of this program, but in no event shall be less than 30 cents an hour or its equivalent in piece rates;
  • 6. Minimum wages, determined by the wage board shall be incorporated in the agreement of employment and transportation between the FSA and employer or employer group as a condition for recruiting and transporting farm laborers under this program.

Part II

  • 1. Immediately after the FSA had advised the Secretary of the necessity for holding public wage board hearings, he shall specifically instruct the wage board to proceed to perform their duties in a designated area and to report its wage determinations and other findings to him;
  • 2. At the same time, the Secretary shall also instruct the State USDA War Board to make all arrangements pursuant and incidental to the holding of such hearings, including, for example, the securing of premises, the posting of public notices, and for receiving all requests from persons or groups wishing to be heard at the hearings. All public notices are to be over the signature of the Secretary and countersigned by the chairman of the State USDA War Board;

  • 2
  • 3. Representatives of labor, of farm employers, of the public and other individuals in their private or representative capacity shall be given the privilege to testify at the public wage board hearings;
  • 4. The wage board shall be in public session no longer than two days and shall submit its wage determinations and other findings to the Secretary of Agriculture, to the Director of USES, and to the Chairman of the War Manpower Commission, the day following the termination of the hearings. The wages determined by the wage boards shall constitute the minima to be paid under this program.
  • 5. The wage recommendations of the majority of the members shall constitute the recommendations of the entire board. In the event of a tie vote, the board shall submit the matter to the Secretary of Agriculture who shall make the final wage determination.

Part III

  • 1. At the time the FSA is investigating prevailing wage rates in the affected area, it shall also look into the availability of adequate housing facilities for the transported workers to be employed in that area. Certification of adequate housing and sanitary facilities by the FSA shall be a condition for extending its transportation services.
  • 2. During the course of the investigation of prevailing wages and housing conditions by the FSA, the latter shall advise the Regional USES office to make efforts to locate available farm workers for the area in need of such labor.
  • 3. Upon the approval of the determined prevailing wage rates and the certification of adequate housing, the FSA shall enter into contracts with farm-employers receiving the transportation services for their recruited nonlocal workers.
  • 4. Upon receipt of notice from the Regional USES office of availability of farm workers, the FSA shall make the necessary transportation arrangements, including the assembling of workers at point of origin (with the cooperation of the USES), work out details with respect to transportation rates, routes, subsistence and other services on route, accompaniment of FSA representative on route, and provide for places of reception at point of destination.
  • 5. Where possible, workers shall be assembled and received at FSA camps.
  • 6. The necessary records shall be taken by the FSA (with the cooperation of the USES) prior to embarcation and distribution of workers to farm employers;
  • 7. The FSA shall set up machinery for enforcing or checking compliance of the terms of the agreement with farm-employers; it shall also establish procedure for receiving complaints and other representations from the workers transported into the affected area.
About this text
Courtesy of The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000; http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=hb9j49p4n9&brand=oac4
Title: Farm Security Administration reports and miscellaneous documents : Mexican Farm Labor Transportation Program
By:  United States. Farm Security Administration, Author
Date: 1942-1943
Contributing Institution: The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000; http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
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