Farm Security Administration reports and miscellaneous documents, 1942-1943
HOUSING STANDARDS FOR FSA IMPORTED WORKERS IN CALIFORNIA
- 1. Housing structure - Cabins, bunkhouses, former residences or tents in good condition shall be located on ground not subjected to flood; shall be reasonably proofed against weather and in safe structural condition. Floors, walls and ceilings shall be clean. Floors shall be wood or concrete. Floor space shall be approximately sixty square feet (60 sq. ft.) per person. If used for family housing, each family shall have a segregated area at least twelve feet by fourteen feet (12' × 14') in area. If housing is used for food preparation or mess hall purposes, doors and windows shall be screened flytight. Provisions shall exist for scouring and scalding cooking and eating utensils.
- 2. Furniture and fixtures - Beds, cots or wooden bunks shall be provided together with mattresses or straw ticks. Minimum vertical clearance between beds or bunks shall be twenty inches (20"). Chairs, stools or benches shall be provided. Provisions shall exist for feeding the workers or facilities shall be furnished for the workers to prepare their own food, if they so desire. If the workers elect to prepare their own food, places for purchase of food necessities at standard market prices shall be readily accessible, or made accessible with the assistance of the employer.
- 3. Bathing and Laundry Facilities - Some facilities shall exist for bathing, either shower bath or tub. If showers are provided, there shall be one head for not more than each fifteen (15) men. If tubs are furnished, there shall be one for every fifteen (15) men. Hot water is not required. Provisions shall be made for washing clothes. If tubs are provided for bathing, they need not be duplicated for washing clothes. One laundry tray or tub shall be provided for each fifteen (15) workers. Provisions shall be made for heating hot water for washing clothes.
- 4. Sanitation - Toilets shall be flush type or pit privy. There shall be at least one toilet seat for each fifteen (15) persons. If pit privies are used, they shall be located out of swales and out of the path of rain water run-off. Privies shall not be located over irrigation cannels [sic] or streams. Privies shall be located at least one hundred feet (100') from well used for domestic water supply. Privies shall be flytight and seats covered. Privies shall be at least seventy-five feet (75') from sleeping quarters. Drainage from showers, sinks or flush toilets shall be run through a covered drain to a covered cesspool or septic tank. Flytight covered receptacles shall be provided for garbage or refuse. Such garbage shall be disposed of by burying, burning or hauling away. Grounds around the camp shall be kept clean.
- 5. Water Supply - Pure water for drinking and bathing shall be readily available. One hose bibb or spigot shall be provided for every thirty (30) men. Supply shall be capable of providing at least fifteen (15) gallons per person per day.
- 6. Convenience - First aid kit shall be available at every camp. In case of necessity, transportation shall be provided to doctor or hospital.
This outline of housing standards includes all requirements of the State Labor Code and the California State Division of Immigration and Housing.
Courtesy of The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000; http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
Title: Farm Security Administration reports and miscellaneous documents : Mexican Farm Labor Transportation Program
By: United States. Farm Security Administration, Author
Contributing Institution: The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-6000; http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
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