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David L. Gardiner letters : California, to his family : ALS, 1849-1850.
BANC MSS 2006/127 Box 1
Collection Overview


David L. Gardiner letters: California, to his family : ALS, 1849-1850


Gardiner, David L., creator


Tyler, John, 1790-1862


Gardiner, Juliana McLachlan, 1799-1864


Gardiner, Alexander, 1818-1851


Contains 28 letters to his mother, Juliana Gardiner, his brother Alexander Gardiner and two to his brother-in-law, former President John Tyler. The letters describe his journey from New York across Mexico to the gold fields of California in 1849; life in early San Francisco, Sacramento and San Diego; the California Constitutional Convention and politics; slavery; the people he encounters including Native Californians, Chinese, and African-Americans; the economy, including being a merchant, agriculture and whale hunting; and health conditions.


1849 (issued)


n-us-ca -- n-mx---
Gardiner, David L -- Correspondence
California. -- Constitutional Convention -- (1849)
Voyages to the Pacific coast -- Personal narratives
Gold mines and mining -- California
Slavery -- United States -- Extension to the territories
Indians of North America -- California -- History -- 19th century
Chinese -- California -- History -- 19th century
African Americans -- California -- History -- 19th century
Agriculture -- California -- History -- 19th century
Merchants -- California -- San Diego
Whaling -- California -- History
Gold miners -- California -- Correspondence
Mexico -- Description and travel
San Francisco (Calif.) -- Description and travel
Sacramento (Calif.) -- Description and travel
San Diego (Calif.) -- Description and travel
California -- Politics and government -- 1846-1850
California -- Economic conditions -- 19th century
California -- History -- 1846-1850


Collection processed at folder level in 2006.
David L. Gardiner letters: California, to his family, BANC MSS 2006/127, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Purchase; from William Reese Company; in 2006.
David L. Gardiner was the son of David Gardiner, a lawyer and New York State Senator, and Juliana McLachlan, the wealthy heiress of a Scottish brewer. His sister Julia, married President John Tyler in 1844. David L. Gardiner was in the first American Gold Rush company to travel to the Pacific by crossing Mexico. He was among the earliest Easterners to arrive in San Francisco, in Apr. 1849 and was the first merchant in the new city of San Diego in 1850.
In English.

Physical Description:

1 box (.2 linear ft.)




BANC MSS 2006/127 Box 1