Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Donald Allen Collection
Identifier/Call Number: MSS 3
Mandeville Special Collections Library
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Language of Material:
47.9 Linear feet
105 archives boxes, 1 records carton, 1 card file box, 34 oversize folders
Date (inclusive): 1930-2005
Papers of an important editor who has had a significant impact on the development of post WWII American poetry. The Donald
Allen Collection consists of four different groups or series of materials: materials pertaining to the editorial work at Grove
Press, Four Seasons Foundation, Grey Fox Press, and to special projects Allen did for University of California, Penguin and
St. James presses; materials produced by and regarding the poet Frank O'Hara; papers written by Allen at the universities
of Iowa and California, Berkeley; and finally a substantial correspondence with many of the most important writers and editors
in America during the last twenty five years. The addition processed in 1991 contains manuscript and typescript materials
related to the Four Seasons Foundation publication of
(1980) by Edward Dorn and
(1983) by Aaron Shurin; and the Grey Fox Press publication of
(1980) by Philip Whalen and
(1980), a collection of Lew Welch's letters. The addition processed in 2011 enhances the earlier accessions with additional
press files, correspondence, as well as Allen's personal subject files.
Allen, Donald, 1912-2004
Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.
Scope and Content of Collection
Accession Processed in 1986
The papers document the editing and publishing accomplishments of Donald Allen, and incidentally inform many literary careers.
Although there is material from the 1930s, the bulk of papers date from 1957 to 1975. The collection is arranged in four series:
1) PRESS COLLECTIONS, 2) PAPERS RELATED TO FRANK O'HARA, 3) PERSONAL PAPERS, and 4) GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE.
The first series, PRESS COLLECTIONS, is divided into six sub series corresponding to the six presses with which Allen was
associated: GROVE PRESS, EVERGREEN PRESS, PENGUIN PRESS, ST. JAMES PRESS, FOUR SEASONS PRESS and GREY FOX PRESS.
The second series, PAPERS RELATED TO FRANK O'HARA consists of manuscripts, correspondence and miscellaneous materials without
division into sub series; the PERSONAL PAPERS series fills a single archives box and includes Allen's MA thesis.
The last of the four series which comprise the Donald Allen collection consists of general correspondence. The general correspondence
papers are arranged alphabetically, and within each folder materials are arranged chronologically. The presence of carbon
copies of Allen's own letters has made it possible to reconstruct significant epistolary exchanges, augmenting the collection's
importance to scholars.
As a whole, the Donald Allen Collection richly documents the American literary temperament ca. 1956-1980, casting much light
on the compositional practices and biographies of many important poets.
Accession Processed in 1991
The accession to the DONALD ALLEN PAPERS processed in 1991 contains materials which Allen employed in the publication of Four
Seasons Foundation and Grey Fox Press books. It continues the arrangement of the earlier processed accession and is organized
into one series: PRESS COLLECTIONS.
The PRESS COLLECTIONS series is further divided into Four Seasons Foundation and Grey Fox Press. Edward Dorn's
Interviews and Aaron Shurin's
The Graces are represented in the first subseries, while Lew Welch's
I Remain and Philip Whalen's
Enough Said are found in the second.
The bulk of the addition relates to Allen's research and correspondence for
I Remain, a collection of posthumously published letters from Lew Welch to friends and relatives. Included are photocopies of letters
by Welch published in the two volume work, as well as numerous items which remain unpublished. Allen corresponded with Welch's
friends in his search for extant materials and developed a chronology of the poet's life and activities. Among the correspondents
represented in the research materials are Gary Synder, Philip Whalen, and Stella Kerouac.
Accession Processed in 2011
This accession of the Donald Allen Collection includes documents which span the entire arc of the editor and publisher's career
and personal life. The material dates from 1930 up to his death in 2004, although the bulk of the correspondence and press
files range from 1955 to 2004. This addition illuminates Allen's personal life with biographical materials, personal correspondence,
and his own subject files, notes, writings, and notebooks. The collection almost completely retains Allen's own organization
of the materials and is arranged in two series: 1) PRESS COLLECTIONS and 2) PERSONAL PAPERS.
SERIES 1: PRESS COLLECTIONS
The PRESS COLLECTIONS series is arranged in six subseries: A) Grove Press, B) Evergreen Press, C) Four Seasons Foundation,
D) Grey Fox Press, E) University of California Press, and F) Miscellaneous Press.
A) The Grove Press subseries contains materials related to the editing of the landmark anthology
The New American Poetry: 1940-1965 including galleys, reviews, permissions, research notes, and drafts. Also included are general correspondence, ephemera,
and clippings collected by Allen that are related to Grove Press.
B) The Evergreen Press subseries includes material related to two important issues of the
Evergreen Review edited by Allen, the landmark "San Francisco Scene" (Issue 2) and "Eye Of Mexico" (Issue 7). Included are correspondence,
research notes, ephemera, and clippings.
C) The Four Seasons Foundation subseries includes Allen's meticulously kept files for individual books published under his
control by Four Seasons Foundation. These files include clippings, correspondence, permissions, proofs, contracts, ephemera,
printing records, reviews, book lists, copyright registrations, and other documents relating to Allen's work at the press.
This subseries features documents related to publications by writers such as Robin Blaser, Richard Brautigan, Robert Creeley,
Joanne Kyger, Charles Olson, Gary Snyder, and Philip Whalen. Documents relating to the finances, sales, and inventory of the
press are also contained within this subseries. The miscellaneous correspondence are grouped together and ordered chronologically.
D) The Grey Fox Press subseries keeps with the arrangement of the Four Seasons Foundation subseries and features clippings,
correspondence, permissions, proofs, contracts, ephemera, printing records, reviews, book lists, copyright registrations,
and other documents relating to Allen's work at the press. Documents relating to publications written by Lawrence Ferlinghetti,
Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, Frank O'Hara, Charles Olson, Gary Snyder, Jack Spicer, Lew Welch, and Philip Whalen are included.
This subseries also contains documents relating to the press' finances, inventory, and sales. The miscellaneous correspondence
are grouped and ordered chronologically.
E) The University of California Press subseries documents three significant editorial works by Donald Allen: the re-release
The New American Poetry: 1945-1960,
The Collected Poems of Frank O'Hara, and
The Collected Prose of Charles Olson. The subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains correspondence, research notes, clippings, photographs, proofs, mock-ups,
F) The Miscellaneous Press subseries contains documents relating to Allen's various press projects, both published and unpublished,
which cannot be categorized in the other subseries. The projects include various translations and proposed anthologies, along
with correspondence and research notes relating to multiple ultimately unrealized volumes of poetry proposed by Donald Allen
for the Penguin Modern Poets series. The materials include correspondence, research notes, permissions, clippings, and review
SERIES 2: PERSONAL PAPERS
The PERSONAL PAPERS series sheds light on Allen's personal interests and history. Almost entirely maintaining Allen's own
organization and folder titles, the ephemera, clippings, correspondence, and visual materials within this series illuminate
his life outside of editing. The series is arranged in five subseries: A) Biographical Materials, B) Correspondence, C) Subject
Files, D) Writings, and E) Images & Recordings.
A) The Biographical Materials subseries contains materials related to the personal life of Donald Allen from his youth in
Iowa, service in the U.S. Navy, college in Iowa and Berkeley, and adulthood spent in New York, San Francisco, and Bolinas.
Included are transcripts, correspondence, naval records, diplomas, identification cards, passports, photographs, clippings,
obituaries, and wills.
B) The Correspondence subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains letters and emails from Robin Blaser, George Butterick,
Robert Creeley, Barbara Guest, Charles Olson, Marjorie Perloff, and Warren Tallman, among others. Because Allen's arrangement
of the material was retained, this subseries contains both personal and business corresondence. Additional correspondence
can also be found in the PRESS COLLECTIONS series, as well as in the Subject Files subseries.
C) The Subject Files subseries contains materials compiled by Donald Allen that related to his various interests. The bulk
of the material is comprised of clippings and ephemera. In addition, correspondence and handwritten and typed notes can be
found within the subseries. Topics include the Beat Generation, Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, Frank O'Hara, Charles Olson,
the San Francisco Renaissance, and Zen Buddhism. The files are arranged alphabetically by topic; however, in maintaining Allen's
own organization of the material, the topics of materials within the miscellaneous subject files are not always immediately
D) The Writings subseries contains various documents of Donald Allen's own writing, including poetry, essays, and fiction,
along with several folders of Allen's handwritten notes, notebooks, and planners. Miscellaneous writings are contained in
a single folder, while the notebooks and planners are arranged chronologically.
E) The Images & Recordings subseries contains photographic prints, transparencies, and negatives collected by Donald Allen
both personally and for use in his publications and editorial projects. Featured are numerous photographs of Donald Allen,
Gregory Corso, Robert Creeley, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Frank O'Hara, Michael Rumaker, Gary Snyder, and Lew Welch. Also included
are audio cassette tapes of Lew Welch's 1971 reading of
How I Work As A Poet at Reed College.
Donald Allen, one of the most influential editors and publishers of contemporary American literature, was born in Iowa in
1912. During the Second World War he was a Japanese translator, and then became an editor at Grove Press, where he stayed
for sixteen years. Allen devoted his career to making innovative writing available to the public. He has edited several important
anthologies of contemporary American writing and has published the work of many important poets through his two presses.
Allen's editorial career began in the mid fifties when he accepted a position with Grove Press. One of his early projects
was a collection of work by Brother Antoninus (William Everson), Robert Duncan, Kenneth Rexroth, Gary Snyder, Jack Spicer,
and other poets of the San Francisco Renaissance, for an issue of Grove's
Evergreen Review (1957). He also aided in editing "The Eye of Mexico," an Evergreen issue devoted to contemporary Mexican writing and culture.
During these first years at Grove Allen translated several of Eugene Ionesco's theatre works, including
The Bald Soprano (Grove, 1958), and edited books by Jack Kerouac, John Rechy, Lysander Kemp, and others.
In 1958, Allen began work on his most important project at Grove,
The New American Poetry anthology. Following the Pound/Williams tradition, Allen hoped to present the range of experimental writing produced in the
United States since the Second World War. The project took two years to complete and required extensive correspondence with
poets, editors, and literary agents. Finally published in 1960, the anthology chronicled the emergence of the Beat, Black
Mountain, and New York schools of poetry. It also increased recognition for such poets as Robert Duncan, Robert Creeley, Denise
Levertov, Paul Blackburn, and Charles Olson. Allen originally planned to publish revised anthologies every two or three years.
However, he produced only two such books over the next twenty years:
New American Writing (Penguin, 1965), and
The Postmoderns (Grove, 1965).
Other anthologies compiled by Allen are
The New American Story (Grove, 1963), a collection of experimental prose, and
The Poetics of the New American Poetry (Grove, 1973), a collection of aesthetic statements by many of the poets appearing in the anthologies. Like
The New American Poetry, each of these collections has had a major impact on the shape and scope of experimental American writing. In 1963 Allen
reduced his workload at Grove Press by moving to the position of consulting editor. He planned to start his own magazine of
contemporary American writing, but the Four Seasons Quarterly never materialized. However, his work on the magazine did lead
to the establishment of the Four Seasons Foundation and, subsequently, the Grey Fox Press. Under Allen's direction since 1964,
both of these presses have published the work of such poets as Charles Olson, Gary Snyder, Michael McClure, Philip Whalen,
Lew Welch and many others.
Donald Allen died August 29, 2004, in San Francisco, at the age of 92.
Donald Allen Collection, MSS 3. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Adam, Helen, 1909-1993
Allen, Donald, 1912-2004
Evergreen Press Ltd.
Four Seasons Foundation
Grey Fox Press.
Hall, Donald, 1928-
Kerouac, Jack, 1922-1997
Mac Low, Jackson
O'Hara, Frank, 1926-1966
Olson, Charles, 1910-1970
Snyder, Gary, 1930-
American poetry--20th century
Publishers and publishing--United States