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Partial Register of the Boris N. Volkov Papers, 1915-1963
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Access Points
  • Biography
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Boris N. Volkov Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1915-1963
    Collection number: 36008
    Creator: Volkov, Boris N., 1894-1954
    Collection Size: 1 manuscript box, 23 microfilm reels 3.86 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Speeches and writings, correspondence, clippings, other printed matter, and photographs, relating to Russian literature, the Russian Civil War in Siberia and Mongolia, the career of the White Russian commander Baron Ungern-Shternberg, Russian émigré affairs, and anti-communist movements in the United States. Includes a translation by Elena Varneck and a fictionalized autobiographical account of the Russian Civil War.
    Language: Russian and English.

    Administrative Information


    Collection open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Boris N. Volkov Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1936.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Access Points

    Siberia (Russia)--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
    Soviet Union.
    Russia (Federation)
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
    Ungern-Shternberg, Roman Fedorovich, baron, 1887-1921.
    Russian literature.
    Russians--United States.
    Anti-communist movements--United States.
    United States--Politics and government.
    Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920) Armiia.


    Russian poet and novelist; White Russian agent in Mongolia, 1918- 1920; subsequently émigré in the United States.

    Biographical Note

    1894 May 30 [N.S.] Born, Ekaterinoslav, Russia
    1915 Medic, Russian army
    1917 Completed university course, Legal Faculty, Moscow University
    1918-1920 Agent of Provisional Siberian and All-Russian governments (Omsk) in Mongolia
    1923 Emigrated to United States
    1933 Author, V pyli chuzhikh dorog
    1945 Translator, United Nations
    1954 June 9 Died, San Francisco

    Scope and Content

    This collection consists mainly of the writings of the émigré poet and writer Boris Volkov. During the First World War, Volkov was a medic with the Russian army on its Western and Caucasian fronts. During the Civil War, he was active in the counterrevolutionary uprising in Irkutsk in 1918, and thereafter was an agent of the Omsk government in Mongolia, where he reported on the political and military situation, particularly with regard to the activities of Ataman G. M. Semenov and General Baron R. F. Ungern-Shternberg.
    Among his writings, the most significant piece is the unpublished novel "Conscript to Paradise." The novel itself is based in part on his own experiences and in part on the diary of his wife, nee Elena Petrovna Witte, the daughter of the Russian Councilor to the Mongolian government, but the completed draft is significantly abridged from the original version. The original draft is in the form of a large volume of fragments, which may include typescript fragments of Witte's diary (or Volkov's reworked versions of it). The fragments indicate that the author had in mind a much larger autobiographical novel that would have encompassed his adventures in Siberia, the Transbaikal region of the Far East, and Mongolia during the 1917-1921 period. This material has been left largely in the order received.
    Other elements of the collection include Volkov's poetry and smaller prose works, some also of an autobiographical nature, as well as evidence reflecting his anti-Communist views and work in America in the 1930s-1950s. The subject file and printed matter series contains brochures and clippings on this and other subjects.
    Left unfilmed due to the general accessibility of materials are a large number of boxes containing clippings and printed matter (in Russian and English, from periodicals such as the San Francisco Chronicle and Examiner, Reader's Digest, American Mercury, Look, etc.) relating to diverse subjects, the most significant of which are Communism and anti-Communism in the United States (including large amounts of materials on McCarthy, espionage trials and Communist propaganda and subversion, as well as dossiers on various public figures representing these movements), international affairs (especially the spread of Communism), and domestic affairs in the USSR and its satellites and in the United States. This material covers the period from the 1930s to 1953.
    Detailed processing and preservation microfilming for these materials were made possible by a generous grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and by matching funds from the Hoover Institution and Museum of Russian Culture. The grant also provides depositing a microfilm copy in the Hoover Institution Archives. The original materials and copyright to them (with some exceptions) are the property of the Museum of Russian Culture, San Francisco. A transfer table indicating corresponding box and reel numbers is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
    The Hoover Institution assumes all responsibility for notifying users that they must comply with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17 United States Code) and Hoover Rules for the Use and Reproduction of Archival Materials.