Register of The Integration Project : The Jackie Goldberg And Sharon Stricker Collection, 1980-1985, n.d.

Processed by Patricia Martinez; machine-readable finding aid created by Xiuzhi Zhou
Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research
6120 S. Vermont Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90044
Phone: (323) 759-6063
Fax: (323) 759-2252
Email: archives@socallib.org
URL: http://www.socallib.org
© 1999
Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. All rights reserved.

Register of The Integration Project : The Jackie Goldberg And Sharon Stricker Collection, 1980-1985, n.d.

Collection number: MSS 021

Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research

Los Angeles, California

Contact Information:

  • Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research
  • 6120 S. Vermont Avenue
  • Los Angeles, California 90044
  • Phone: (323) 759-6063
  • Fax: (323) 759-2252
  • Email: archives@socallib.org
  • URL: http://www.socallib.org
Processed by:
Patricia Martinez
Date Completed:
June 1996
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1999 Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: The Integration Project : The Jackie Goldberg And Sharon Stricker Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1980-1985, n.d.
Collection number: MSS 021
Creator: Goldberg, Jackie
Extent: 4 boxes
Repository: Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research.
Los Angeles, California
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

The collection is available for research only at the Library's facility in Los Angeles.  The Library is open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Tuesday through Saturday. Researchers are encouraged to call or email the Library indicating the nature of their research query prior to making a visit.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. Researchers may make single copies of any portion of the collection, but publication from the collection will be allowed only with the express written permission of the Library's director. It is not necessary to obtain written permission to quote from a collection. When the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research gives permission for publication, it is as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], The Integration Project : The Jackie Goldberg And Sharon Stricker Collection, Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research, Los Angeles.

Historical Sketch

Civil Rights struggles after World War II created the climate for the landmark 1954 United States Supreme Court Brown v. Board of Education decision which overturned nineteenth-century law. The court ruled that educational facilities "which separate Blacks from whites are inherently unequal". As a result, in 1963, a Black student in Los Angeles by the name of Mary Crawford, sued the Los Angeles School Board for segregating and denying her equal opportunity under this new law. Years of litigation followed as several L.A. boards of education appealed this high court decision.
In 1970, Judge Alfred Gitelson ordered the board to create a plan for integration. When the board came up with a scheme based entirely on voluntary busing, the Judge said it was "designed to show extremely high cost, create disruption, and was designed to fail- not a plan at all". Finally in 1976, the California Supreme Court ordered the board to desegregate, and a new Judge, Paul Egly, ordered that a new plan be submitted to him by December, 1976.
Over that summer of 1976, about 40 teachers, parents, and community workers met informally in a crowded unpainted room in a building in central L.A. Appointed by the Los Angeles Board of Education to study the district and recommend a plan for desegregation, the group not only monitored the activities of the Citizen's Advisory Committee, but it also scheduled meetings with the public to provide for airing of opinions and grievances. Knowing that its suggestions could be readily rejected, the committee became cautious and tried not to advise anything too sweeping. Nevertheless, while it did produce a method and schedule whereby some schools could be desegregated, the board promptly put the committee's proposals aside and dismissed them.
Two methods of avoiding court ordered desegregation emerged right from the start: first, an integrated school was defined as one where as much as 80% of one race attended. Second, special permits (PWT) allowed students to travel voluntarily on school buses in order to integrate schools. Close to twenty-five million dollars would be spent on a nonplan that would place the weight for change on the students.
The study group took the name of the Integration Project and began attending public meetings, writing and circulating informational bulletins, and calling the attention of teachers and parents' to the board's failure to obey the law. The group's plan brought together the major ethnic groups in the city: Asian, Black, Latino, and white. They included suggestions for staff development, use of federal and state funds for human relations, training and updating of facilities and material. Most importantly, though, the group was able to clearly establish the need for multi-cultural and bilingual education.
The school board's position on integration emerged quite clearly: it was bad for education and it would create violence and a situation where minority students would not be able to compete and thereby develop inferiority complexes. So, after weeks of hearings and millions of dollars in expenses, Judge Egly rejected the Integration Project's plan for desegregation. He then appointed a monitor to oversee the creation of a new board plan who would desegregate the district. In June, Robert Doctor, a moderate pro-integrationist, lost his seat to Bobbi Fieldler, an ardent anti-integrationist.
Over the next year, 1977-1978, with the exception of the Hispanic Urban Center, an independent community group, Black and Hispanic leaders seemed opposed to desegregation, spoke against busing, or subtly supported segregation by supporting the court case decision as though it were just a squabble between white politicians and thus of no concern to them. Instead, they now called for "quality education and community decision-making".
Judge Egly gave tentative approval to a new board plan called Concept L which would raise the number of traveling students to 20,000, and exclude grades K-3 and 9-12 and also the most racially isolated areas of the city- South Central and East Los Angeles. In October, 1979, a new round of hearings began to expand Concept L. Integration Project activists continued to print informational bulletins with updates on court hearings. They warned that the imposition of "separate but equal" was becoming fixed in the budget under an item entitled "Racially Isolated Minority Schools" (RIMS). Under this designation, money appropriated for desegregation was instead being used to support segregation. When it became clear that Judge Egly would approve a RIMS package to upgrade segregated schools, the Integration Project decided it could not ignore its existence. Suggestions were written for "How To Improve Remaining Racially Isolated Schools.
Finally, in 1981 the case came to a close. The State Supreme Court refused to hear the merits of the constitutional amendment as it applied to the Los Angeles Crawford v. Board of Education case. Segregationists had brought an end to 18 years of litigation without desegregating one single minority school.

Scope and Content

The Integration Papers (1970's) is an alphabetical subject collection. The series contains a wide range of material pertinent to The Project, including legal papers, newspaper articles, minutes of meetings, reports, and publications. This large archive documents the segregation of Los Angeles schools, the litigation around that issue, and community organizing about education.
The best place to begin research for this collection would be in the clipping files. Here, one can obtain the details of the happenings and at the same time learn where on the time line they happened. The newspaper articles document a wide range of events- from court decisions to the controversial issue of busing. The material pertinent to this issue is a highlight of this collection.
Meeting notes and minutes provide great insight to the Project's overall organization, ideas, and goals. Here, members voice their opinions and tasks are undertaken. A strong leadership and high level of will is proven to exist within this group.
The political and social issues that influenced the Project's decisions can be best understood through the papers of different organizations such as BARTOC, the Coalition For Bilingual Integrated Quality Education (CBIQE), and the Community Relations Conference of Southern California (CRCSC).
Another highlight to this collection are the court-related documents from Crawford vs. Board of Education. Appeals, briefings, and proceedings richen the collection and facilitate the understanding of the case.
This large archive about school desegregation in Los Angeles was donated by Jackie Goldberg, Sharon Stricker, and Dorothy Doyle, three key leaders of the Project. Dorothy, a teacher and writer, was for many years on the SCL Board. Sharon is an accomplished writer, teacher, and feminist activist. Jackie, who went on to become president of the school board, is now on the Los Angeles City Council.

Related Collections

Title: The Integration Project : The Dorothy Doyle Collection, 1967-1978, n.d.

Container List

Box 1, Folder 1

African-Americans

Box 1, Folder 2

American Civil Liberties Union, CAPA vs. Gates, City Council Hearing, 1985

Box 1, Folder 3

Articles

Box 1, Folder 4

Bay Area Radical Teachers' Organizing Collective (BARTOC)

Box 1, Folder 5

The Bicentennial, Essays

Box 1, Folder 6

Bilingual Education

Box 1, Folder 7

Campaign For A Citizens Police Review Board

Box 1, Folder 8-10

Clippings

Box 1, Folder 11

Coalition For Bilingual Integrated Quality Education (CBIQE)

Box 1, Folder 12

Coalition For Bilingual Integrated Quality Education (CBIQE), ALERT Committee

Box 1, Folder 13

Coalition for Peaceful Integration

Box 1, Folder 14

Community Relations Conference of Southern California

Box 1, Folder 15

Community Relations Service, United States Department of Justice

Box 1, Folder 16

Conference on Racism and National Oppression

Box 1, Folder 17

Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 18

Crawford vs. Board of Education, Attorney Fees

Box 1, Folder 19-27

Crawford vs. Board of Education

Box 2, Folder 1-3

Crawford vs. Board of Education, Exhibits

Box 2, Folder 1

Index-Exhibit F

Box 2, Folder 2

Exhibit G-Exhibit J

Box 2, Folder 3

Exhibit K-Exhibit P

Box 2, Folder 4

Demographics

Box 2, Folder 5

District Maps

Box 2, Folder 6-8

Enrollment

Box 2, Folder 9

Equal Rights Clearinghouse

Box 2, Folder 10

Equal Rights Congress

Box 2, Folder 11

Essays

Box 2, Folder 12

Ethnic Education

Box 2, Folder 13

Events

Box 2, Folder 14

Famous Blacks and Chicanos

Box 2, Folder 15

Grant Proposals

Box 2, Folder 16

Hispanic Urban Center

Box 2, Folder 17

Indian Education

Box 2, Folder 18

Integrated Housing

Box 2, Folder 19

Integration Project

Box 2, Folder 20

The Integration Project, Newsletter

Box 2, Folder 21

League Of Women Voters of California

Box 2, Folder 22

Legal Services Corporation

Box 2, Folder 23

Lists

Box 2, Folder 24

Los Angeles Branch NAACP vs. Los Angeles Unified School District

Box 2, Folder 25

Los Angeles Unified School District, Budget 1980-1981

Box 2, Folder 26

Metropolitan School Planning

Box 2, Folder 27

Minutes

Box 2, Folder 28

Multi-Cultural Education

Box 2, Folder 29-30

Notes

Box 3, Folder 1

Open Forum

Box 3, Folder 2

Overcrowded Schools

Box 3, Folder 3

Peoples College Law

Box 3, Folder 4

Press Releases

Box 3, Folder 5

Proposition One

Box 3, Folder 6

Publications, Miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 7

Racial and Ethnic Desegregation

Box 3, Folder 8-9

Racially Isolated Minority Schools (RIMS)

Box 3, Folder 10

Resolutions

Box 3, Folder 11

Senior High Schools, Profile Reports

Box 3, Folder 12

Spotlight

Box 3, Folder 13

Teachers for Change

Box 3, Folder 14

Transportation, Busing

Box 3, Folder 15

Transportation, Permits With Transportation Program (PWT)

Box 3, Folder 16

U.S. Department of Justice, Community Relations Service

Box 3, Folder 17

United Teacher

Box 3, Folder 18

Venice Town Council

Box 3, Folder 19

Westside Committee United for Equal and Quality Education

Box 3, Folder 20

Women Liberation

Box 3, Folder 21

Women Strike for Peace

Box 3, Box 4

Miscellaneous Publications