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Inventory of the Labor Herald Photograph Collection No. 12
1988/109  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Introduction
  • History
  • Scope and Content
  • Individuals in Subject Photographs

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Labor Herald Photograph Collection No. 12
    Accession number: 1988/109
    Creator: California CIO Industrial Union Council
    Extent: 1 box (27 folders)
    Repository: San Francisco State University. Labor Archives & Research Center
    San Francisco, California 94132
    Shelf location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Center's online catalog.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the Labor Archives & Research Center. All requests for permission to publish or quote from materials must be submitted in writing to the Director of the Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Labor Archives & Research Center as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Labor Herald Photograph Collection No. 12, 1988/109, Labor Archives & Research Center, San Francisco State University.

    Introduction

    This photograph collection was generated by the Labor Herald, the official newspaper of the California CIO Industrial Union Council. The collection was donated to the Labor Archives and Research Center by Paul Chown in 1988. Mr. Chown, a longtime member and official of the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (UE) also served as the newspaper's last editor from January 1952 until the suspension of publication in May 1953. This collection was processed by Carol Cuenod, under the direction of Karen Lewis, January-February, 1992.

    History

    The building of the California CIO, beginning in the mid-1930s, was a period of tremendous union activity and organizing. The Labor Herald, published weekly, recorded CIO activity from 1937 to 1953. The paper began as a voice for the CIO in Northern California; in 1941, it extended its coverage to all of California. A Southern California edition and a Southern California editor was added in 1945. Unions made per capita payments to support the newspaper and this provided a subscription to each member. The California CIO, under such leaders as Harry Bridges and Philip Connelly, reflected progressive, left-wing leadership. The photo collection records its activities, especially during the 1940s, the World War II years and the tumultuous period after the war which saw bitter strikes and a major political battle against the Taft-Hartley Bill.
    The California CIO and its support to the Labor Herald was severely cut back in 1949 when the CIO leveled charges of communist-dominated leadership against eleven national unions as well as the California CIO. In November 1949, these unions were expelled from the CIO. Their charters were lifted along with that of the California CIO. The Labor Herald continued publication with some support coming from those unions which survived the subsequent raids by AFL or newly-chartered CIO unions. After 1952, Harold Rossman, the paper's editor since 1941, departed and his position was filled on a voluntary basis by Paul Chown until the Labor Herald ceased publication in May 1953.

    Scope and Content

    The collection consists of 280 photographs covering the decades 1930s-1960s; the bulk is from the 1940s. It represents a visual record of the leaders, meetings, strikes, World War II activities, Labor Day parades, and anti-Taft-Hartley demonstrations of major CIO unions in California.
    The collection is divided into two series: 1) portraits of individuals or small groups of individuals, arranged alphbetically by the key figure of the photograph (others are cross-referenced), and 2) subjects, according to subject headings determined by the archivist.
    There are 144 photographs of CIO leaders and a few legislators supported by these unions such as Culbert Olson and Helen Gahagan Douglas. Among the 136 photographs arranged by subject, two events are well documented: the UE strike at US Motors, Los Angeles, 1946, with nine photos by Otto Rothschild; 24 photographs of the Labor Day Parade, San Francisco Civic Center Plaza, 1947, with floats and banners stating an anti-Taft Hartley Bill theme.
    Most of the images are 8 x 10 glossy prints; many are marked with red pencil used by newspaper editors. There are 27 folders: 10 for individuals, 17 for subjects. All the photographs are housed in one document box.
    This guide includes a folder-by-folder listing, enhanced by descriptive entries. There are also identified individuals from the photographs in the subject folders which are listed alphabetically and cross-referenced to the subject folder.

    Individuals in Subject Photographs

    Addes, George Folder 11: UAW
    Addiego, Frank Folder 11: UAW
    Bell, Lily Folder 26: WOMEN
    Bingham, Brad Folder 14: UE
    Brant, Carl (?) Folder 14: UE
    Bridges, Harry Folder 18: MARITIME Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Eugene Burke Folder 18: MARITIME
    Cayton, Revels Folder 26: WOMEN
    Connelly, Philip Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Fagerhaugh, Ole Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Fernandes, Johnnie Folder 11: UAW
    Frankensteen, Richard Folder 11: UAW
    Gillespie, William Folder 11: UAW
    Goldmann, William Folder 11: UAW
    Govea, J. G. Folder 11: UAW
    Halling, Bjorne Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Heide, Ruby Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Horne, Lena Folder 26: WOMEN
    Jelusich, Al Folder 11: UAW
    Jenkins, Dave Folder 12: CALIF.CIO Folder 22: PARADES--LABOR DAY 1947
    Johnson, Joe Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Jones, Cleo Folder 11: UAW
    Kibre, Jeff Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    King, Jean McKillup (?) Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Lynden, Richard Folder 18: MARITIME Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Michener, Lew Folder 11: UAW
    Miranda, Fred Folder 11: UAW
    Owens, Dayton Folder 11: UAW
    Paton, Eugene Folder 18: MARITIME
    Patterson, James Folder 11: UAW
    Pettit, Eugene Folder 11: UAW
    Pinsky, Paul Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Poohar, Nicholas Folder 14: UE
    Povlichenko, Ludmilla Folder 26: WOMEN
    Quintell, Fred Folder 11: UAW
    Roberts, Holland Folder 22: PARADES--LABOR DAY 1947
    Robertson, J. R. "Bob" Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Roesch, Paul Folder 11: UAW
    Schmidt, Henry Folder 18: MARITIME
    Schnur, Paul Folder 12: CALIF. CIO
    Seguri, Rose Folder 26: WOMEN
    Sentna, Bill Folder 14: UE
    Stewart, Tom Folder 11: UAW
    Thimmes, James Folder 12: CALIF. CIO Folder 25: UNIONS - GENERAL
    Thomas, R. J. Folder 11: UAW