Guide to the Sexual Freedom League Records, 1962-1983 (bulk 1964-1973)

Processed by Elizabeth Stephens; finding aid completed by Mary Morganti
The Bancroft Library.
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
© 1996
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


History --History, United States (excluding California) Social Sciences --Sociology and Social Welfare

Guide to the Sexual Freedom League Records, 1962-1983 (bulk 1964-1973)

Collection number: BANC MSS 83/181 c

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
Elizabeth Stephens
Finding aid completed by:
Mary Morganti
Date Completed:
January 1996
Encoded by:
James Lake
© 1996 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Sexual Freedom League Records,
Date (inclusive): 1962-1983
Date (bulk): (bulk 1964-1973)
Collection Number: BANC MSS 83/181 c
Creator: Sexual Freedom League
Extent: Number of containers: 9 cartons, 1 oversize folder Linear feet: 11.25
Repository: The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Research and reference files (including correspondence). Includes a substantial, but incomplete, run of the SFL Newsletter (March 1965-April 1971), as well as scattered samples of other serials on issues of sexual freedom.
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the appropriate curator or to the Head of the Public Services for forwarding. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Sexual Freedom League Records, BANC MSS 83/181 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Related Collections

Title: Social Protest Collection,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 86/157 c

Materials Cataloged Separately

  • Selected printed materials have been transferred to the book collection of The Bancroft Library.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The records of the Sexual Freedom League were given to The Bancroft Library by Jefferson Poland on September 4, 1970. Additions identified and separated from Poland's contribution to the Social Protest Collection were added in 1995.

Organizational History

The Sexual Freedom League was founded in 1963 in New York City. Julian Beck, Allen Ginsberg, and Dr. Leo Koch were among those on the Advisory Committee of the original group, which was active in demonstrations for a wide range of causes. Initially composed of a small membership of independent local chapters in New York, San Francisco, and London, the organization grew rapidly, especially in the San Francisco Bay Area after 1966, when the emphasis shifted toward nude parties. The League reorganized in 1967 as the Sexual Freedom League, Incorporated with its national headquarters in Oakland and chapters in San Jose, Los Angeles, San Diego, Chicago, San Francisco, and elsewhere.
The League advocated three main issues: the right of each person to make his or her own choices in sexual matters, without coercion or restrictive laws; the psychological and spiritual liberation which allows people to joyfully accept their sensuality; and the right of all persons, including women and homosexuals, to be free from sexual discrimination in the exercise of their non-sexual rights and liberties. Each independent group chose its own emphasis and methods, with activities ranging from legislative lobbying to parties; most concentrated on laws, while some focused on personal growth.

Scope and Content

While the records of the Sexual Freedom League reflect their international activities, the bulk of the collection primarily concerns their presence in the San Francisco Bay Area and New York from 1964 to 1973, and particularly Jefferson Poland's involvement as founder and chief promoter of League organization. Divided into four series, the collection consists of correspondence, newsletters, and other records of the National headquarters of the League, variously located in New York City, San Francisco, Berkeley, and Oakland, with chapters in other west coast cities. A major component are the Research and Reference Files, containing clippings, notes, flyers, and solicitations from a variety of sources reflecting the League's broad interest in personal freedom, with miscellaneous printed materials, including sample issues of journals and mail order catalogs. The collection concludes with correspondence, writings, and other personal material by and pertaining to Jefferson Poland.
A portion of this collection was described in Alternative Lifestyles; a Guide to Research Collections on Intentional Communities, Nudism, and Sexual Freedom by Jefferson P. Selth (Greenwood Press, 1985: p. 63-73). The alphabetical arrangement noted therein applies only to the research and reference files series of this collection, and folder and item counts are no longer accurate as duplicates have been weeded and the material further organized.

Container List





Ctn. 1, folder 1-5

Correspondence 1965-71

folder 6-8

Administration 1967-71

folder 9

Organization 1966

folder 10

Directories n.d.

folder 11

Handbook 1968

folder 12

Flyers n.d.

folder 13

Questionnaires 1966

folder 14

Social Activities 1970

folder 15-18

Articles and Press releases 1964-72

folder 19

Campaign 1968

folder 20

Circles 1968

folder 21

Conference 1966

folder 22

Documentary Film Project 1969

folder 23

Nude United Defense Fund (NUDE) 1968

folder 24

Printing 1966

folder 25

Publicity 1966-69

folder 26-38

New York City Headquarters


Correspondence 1964-68


Administrative 1964-65


Campaigns 1964


Newsletters 1964-65


Articles and press releases 1964-65


Leaflets 1964-65


Clippings and miscellaneous 1965-68

Ctn. 2, folder 1-10

San Francisco Headquarters


Correspondence 1964-69


Administrative 1965


Newsletters 1965-71


Monthly newspapers


Journal of the San Francisco Sexual Freedom League 1970-71


Sexual Freedom 1972


The Fug's Songbook 1965


Articles and press releases 1966-71


Flyers and miscellaneous 1966-71, n.d.



Ctn. 2, folder 11-19

Newsletter of the National Sexual Freedom League 1966-73

folder 20-21

Love, Inc. Magazine 1966

folder 22-27

Intercourse, A Journal of Sexual Freedom 1968-70

folder 28

Position 1969

folder 29

Sexual Freedom Quarterly 1970



Ctn. 3, folder 1

Chicago 1970-72

folder 2

Detroit 1970-73

folder 3-5

Eastbay 1965-73

folder 6

Los Angeles 1967-68

folder 7

Oregon 1969

folder 8-12

San Diego 1970-83

folder 13

Santa Rosa 1970

folder 14

Seattle 1967-70

folder 15

South Bay 1970



Ctn. 3, folder 16-18

Campus Sexual Freedom Rights Forum 1965-66

folder 19

Grove Street College 1971-72

folder 20-21

Merritt Sexual Freedom Forum 1966

folder 22

San Francisco State University 1965

folder 23

Stanford Sexual Rights Forum 1965-66

folder 24

University of California, Berkeley 1972

folder 25

Miscellaneous campuses n.d.

folder 26-34

Psychedelic Venus Church


Correspondence 1969-73


Administration 1969-72


Committee on Religious Cannabis 1972-73


Articles and press releases 1970


Flyers 1970


Miscellaneous printed material 1970, n.d.



Ctn. 4, folder 1-3


folder 4

Academic Freedom

folder 5

Alpine Liberation Front

folder 6

Alternative Family Structures

folder 7

Bill Baird Defense Fund

folder 8-9

Birth Control

folder 10

Bruins for Voluntary Parenthood & Sexual Liberty

folder 11

California Committee to Legalize Abortion

folder 12

Campus Contraceptives

folder 13-14

Campus Sexual Freedom

folder 15-16


folder 17

Citizens Alert

folder 18

Cochran, Bert - article

folder 19

Committee for Free Beaches

folder 20

Committee for Homosexual Freedom

folder 21

Council on Religion and the Homosexual, Inc.

folder 22

Daughters of Bilitis, Inc.

folder 23

Disciplinary Eroticism

folder 24

The Discordian Society

folder 25


folder 26

European Sexual Freedom Movement

folder 27

Family Planning

folder 28

Freedom for Adoptive Children

folder 29

Fort Funston Free Beach Nude-In

folder 30

Gay Liberation Front

folder 31

Harrad West - Group Marriage Community

Ctn. 5, folder 1

Homophile Organization Listing

folder 2-5

Homosexual Freedom

folder 6

Institute for Rational Living

folder 7

Interracial Sex

folder 8


folder 9

Marital Relations

folder 10

Mattachine Society, Inc.

folder 11-12

National Organization for Women (NOW)

folder 13

Natural Childbirth

folder 14-20

Nude-Ins and Nudity

folder 21

Peace and Freedom Party

folder 22

Penal System

folder 23

Personal Freedom

Ctn. 6, folder 1

The Phoenix Society

folder 2-3

Planned Parenthood

folder 4


folder 5

Population Control

folder 6


folder 7

Project Communication - Maxine Sanini

folder 8

San Francisco Peace and Freedom Movement

folder 9

S.E.M. (Sexual Emancipation Movement)


"New Life" Newsletters

folder 10-13

Sex Education

folder 14

Sexual Politics

folder 15

Sloan, Sam - article

folder 16

Society for Humane Abortion

folder 17

Society for Individual Rights (SIR)

folder 18

Sunbathing Magazines

folder 19


folder 20-21

Topless Night Clubs

folder 22

Trojan Book Service

folder 23


folder 24

Venereal Disease

folder 25-29

Women's Liberation



Ctn. 7, folder 1

Lilith 1968

folder 2

One: The Homosexual Viewpoint 1962-63


Two: The Homosexual Viewpoint in Canada n.d.

folder 3

Tangents 1966


Vector 1972


The Works n.d.

folder 4-5

Magazine samples

folder 6

Newsletter samples

folder 7-9

Newspapers - Berkeley


Berkeley Barb 1969-72


Berkeley Tribe 1969-70


Miscellaneous 1971-72

folder 10-11

Newspapers - San Francisco


The San Francisco Free Press 1971


Miscellaneous 1969-1970, n.d.

folder 12-16

Newspapers - various samples relating to: ca. 1960s-1970s


Gay rights




Social and political issues





Ctn. 8, folder 1-8

Clippings ca. 1960s-1970s

folder 9-11

Mail order advertisement samples n.d.

folder 12-13

Miscellaneous n.d.



Ctn. 9, folder 1-15

Correspondence 1964-1973

folder 16-20

The Sex Marchers 1967

folder 21-22

Notes and research material 1968

Additional Note

History of Sexual Freedom Movements
folder 23

Sexual Freedom Girls 1969

Additional Note

Recruitment of essayists
folder 24

Nude-Ins booklet n.d.

Additional Note

Draft, notes, and related material
folder 25

Drafts of articles, fragments n.d.

folder 26

Notes for article, The future of sex 1967

folder 27

Notes on bisexuality n.d.

folder 28-29

Notes on sex 1966, n.d.

folder 30

Masturbators Notebook n.d.

folder 31

Poems of the Flesh 1969

folder 32

Expulsion from Merritt College 1967-69

folder 33

Grove Street College 1972, n.d.

folder 34

Certificate of Ordination, Neo-American Church 1968

folder 35

Credential of Minister, Universal Life Church 1969

folder 36

Name Change 1969

folder 37

Miscellaneous n.d.