Collection processed by Don Walker and Leigh Johnsen
2012 San Joaquin County Historical Society
11793 North Micke Grove Road
Lodi, CA 95241
Phone: (209) 331-2055
Fax: (209) 331-2057
URL: http://www.sanjoaquinhistory.org/

Underhill (John P.) Collection, 1924-1967

Collection number: Ms39

San Joaquin County Historical Society
Processed by:
Don Walker and Leigh Johnsen
Date Completed:
2012
Encoded by:
Leigh Johnsen
2012
San Joaquin County Historical Society. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Underhill (John P.) Collection
Date: 1924-1967
Collection Number: Ms39
Location: Erickson Vault
Extent: .5 linear feet
Contributing Institution: San Joaquin County Historical Society and Museum
11793 North Micke Grove Road
Lodi, CA 95240
Language of Material: Records written in English
Abstract: The Underhill Collection consists of scattered correspondence and minutes of the Stockton Potato Day Records Committee (1924, 1925); minutes of the San Joaquin County Farm Bureau Tomato Section meetings (1946-1947); copies of the Tomato Growers Association Bulletin (1946-1958); a brief history of the establishment of the Cooperative Marketing Council in San Joaquin County (1946-1947); an agenda and related items pertaining to the Cooperative Marketing Council's Cooperative Directors Conference (1956); and the "Tomato Issue" of Tideways magazine (1967).

Access Information

Collection is open for research by appointment.

Conditions of Use

The library can only claim physical ownership of the collection. Users are responsible for satisfying any claimants of literary property.
Preferred citation: [Item name], John P. Underwood Collection, Ms39, San Joaquin County Historical Society and Museum, Lodi, California.

Related Material

Title: Tillie Lewis Foods Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1935-1979 (Ms52)
Title: University of California Agricultural Cooperative Extension, San Joaquin County, Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1914-1994 (Ms82)

Historical Sketch

The San Joaquin River Delta peat lands were a major producer of potatoes from 1900 until about 1925. Two of the most prominent of the Delta potato growers were Chin Lung and George Shima. The latter, the first Japanese American millionaire and head of the Japanese Association of America, was known as the "Potato King." San Joaquin County potatoes were successful in eastern markets because they could be harvested almost any time of year. After 1925, the Delta potato hegemony collapsed under pressure from competition in southern California, Oregon, and Idaho. Due to the popularity of potatoes, local boosters conceived the idea of a "Potato Day" (1924). This event was celebrated at the Kroyer Plant on Cherokee Lane with a carnival, displays, formal ceremonies, and a dance. Starting in the 1930s, tomatoes became a far more important San Joaquin County crop. With irrigation, tomatoes could be grown in many county locations and their cultivation was stimulated by successful food processors such as the Flotill Corporation of Stockton, which specialized in pomodoro tomato canning, and the Heinz Company of Tracy, premier ketchup manufacturers. John P. Underhill was assistant farm advisor (1946-1955) and director (1956-1975) of the University of California Agricultural Extension Service in San Joaquin County. He collected these materials in the course of his work with the potato and tomato growers of San Joaquin County.

Scope and Content

The Underhill Collection consists of scattered correspondence and minutes of the Stockton Potato Day Records Committee (1924-1945); minutes of the San Joaquin County Farm Bureau Tomato Section meetings (1946-1947); copies of the Tomato Growers Association Bulletin (1952-1958) and the State Tomato Section Bulletin (1947-1951); copies of the San Joaquin County Farm Bureau Tomato Section Bulletin (1946-1947); a brief history of the establishment of the Cooperative Marketing Council in San Joaquin County (ca. 1947); an agenda and related items pertaining to the Cooperative Marketing Council's Cooperative Directors Conference (1956); and the "Tomato Issue" of Tideways magazine (1967).

Access Points

Personal Names

Adriance, J. Willis
Lewis, Tillie, 1904-1977
Lung, Chin
Shima, George, 1864-1926
Underhill, John P., 1908-2009

Subjects

Agriculture--California--San Joaquin County--History
Farm Bureau (San Joaquin County, Calif.)
Potato industry--California
San Joaquin County (Calif.)--History
Tomato industry--California


Collection Contents

Folder 1

California Farm Bureau Federation, Correspondence. Mar.-June 1947

Folder 2

California Farm Bureau Federation, State Tomato Section, Bulletin. Feb.-Sept. 1947

Folder 3

California Farm Bureau Federation, State Tomato Section, Bulletin. Feb. 1948-Dec. 1949

Folder 4

California Farm Bureau Federation, State Tomato Section, Bulletin. Jan. 1950-Dec. 1951

Folder 5

California Farm Bureau, Tomato Growers Association, Bulletin. Jan.-Dec. 1952

Folder 6

California Farm Bureau, Tomato Growers Association, Bulletin. Jan.-Dec. 1953

Folder 7

California Farm Bureau, Tomato Growers Association, Bulletin. Jan. 1954-Dec. 1955

Folder 8

California Farm Bureau, Tomato Growers Association, Bulletin. Jan. 1956-Jan. 1958

Folder 9

California Farm Bureau Tomato Section Meeting Minutes. 1946-1947

Folder 10

Cooperative Marketing Council in San Joaquin County, Directors Conference. 1956

Folder 11

Cooperative Marketing Council in San Joaquin County, History. ca. 1947

Folder 12

Potato Records Committee, Correspondence. 1924-1945

Folder 13

Potato Records Committee, Meeting Minutes. 1924-1945

Folder 14

San Joaquin County Farm Bureau, Tomato Section, Bulletin. June 1946-Dec. 1947

Folder 15

Tideways (tomato issue). 1967