Guide to the John Bidwell Papers

Processed by James D'Arrigo; register prepared by: William Kilgore; machine-readable finding aid created by James Lake
Special Collections
Meriam Library
California State University, Chico
Chico, California 95929-0295
Phone: (530) 898-5710
Fax: (530) 898-4443
Email: wjones@oavax.csuchico.edu
URL: http://www.csuchico.edu/lbib/spc/spbrochr.html
© 1999
California State University, Chico. All rights reserved.

Guide to the John Bidwell Papers

Collection number: MS 2

Special Collections



Meriam Library

Chico, California

Contact Information:

  • Special Collections
  • Meriam Library
  • California State University, Chico
  • Chico, California 95929-0295
  • Phone: (530) 898-5710
  • Fax: (530) 898-4443
  • Email: wjones@oavax.csuchico.edu
  • URL: http://www.csuchico.edu/lbib/spc/spbrochr.html
Processed by:
James D'Arrigo
Register prepared by:
William Kilgore
Date Completed:
August 1980
Encoded by:
James Lake
© 1999 California State University, Chico. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: John Bidwell Papers
Collection number: MS 2
Creator: Bidwell, John, 1819-1900
Extent: 19 boxes

13 linear feet
Repository: Meriam Library

California State University, Chico
Chico, California 95929-0295
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

The library can only claim physical ownership of the collection. Users are responsible for satisfying any claimants of literary property.

Preferred Citation

[Name of Collection], John Bidwell Papers, MS 2, Special Collections, Meriam Library, California State University, Chico.

Biography

John Bidwell was born in Chautauqua County, New York, on August 5, 1819. His father was Abraham Bidwell from Connecticut and his mother, Clarissa Griggs, was from Massachusetts. He later moved, as a child, to Pennsylvania and Ohio with his parents. At age 17, he attended Kingsville Academy and shortly afterwards became it's Principal. In the spring of 1839 he walked and rode to Cincinnati, went down the Ohio River to the Mississippi, then to St. Louis and into the Territory of Iowa. By June of that year, he had reached Missouri with the idea of becoming a farmer. While there, and after having his land claim "jumped," he talked to a Frenchman named Roubidoux, a trapper who had been in California. Bidwell decided to join with sixty-nine others at Sapling Grove (now in Kansas) in May of 1841, determined to cross to a mythical California. The group was joined by Father De Smet and began its journey, first to the Platte River and Fort Laramie, then north to the Great Salt Lake (September). Some ventured on to Oregon with De Smet. Bidwell and others stayed with the California plan. After reaching the Humboldt River, they followed its shoreline to the Walker River at the base of the eastern Sierras. They crossed here, meeting the headwaters of the Stanislaus River, came down that gorge into the San Joaquin and eventually to the Marsh ranch near Mt. Diablo.
John Sutter hired Bidwell and sent him to Bodega Bay and Fort Ross to supervise the movement of equipment purchased by Sutter from the members of the departing Russian colony. When Bidwell returned to Sacramento he joined with Peter Lassen pursuing horse theives north into Thomes Creek (near what was to become Red Bluff). It was on this first rip he got a first look at the Sacramento Valley. He was allotted two land grants by the Mexican government, one in Solano County, the other in Colusa.
Because of his interest in the political process of the American takeover of Mexican California he became a part of the Bear Flag revolt and served as a major under Charles Fremont in the Mexican War. Bidwell had discovered gold at Bidwell Bar (on the Feather River) in 1848 and became a miner long enough to purchase the Rancho Chico from William Dickey in 1849. Here he built his first home (a large adobe) and here he lived except for a brief session as a congressman from 1865-1867.
He was active in Democratic Party politics until 1861 but was elected to Congress on the Union ticket. He declined nomination for governor of California in 1867, became an unsuccessful candidate for the Independent Party in 1875 and in 1890 (for the Prohibition Party). In 1892, he was nominated for President by the Prohibition Party and received over 270,000 votes. Concurrently, Bidwell ran his nearly 23,000 acre ranch, showing considerable knowledge and interest in agriculture and horticulture, especially in his 1800 acres of commercial fruit orchard, and another 400 varieties of experimental growing. Wheat and other grains were his mainstay and later in the century won honors at state, national, and international fairs. Bidwell married Annie Ellicott Kennedy in April of 1868 and brought her to his newly finished Mansion in Chico. She and Bidwell were politically and religiously active among the white population of Chico. Annie was held in esteem by some of the Native American population. This latter group had been protected by Bidwell both during and after the dreadful "roundups" that occurred in the early years of the 1860's.
John Bidwell died on his ranch of a heart attack on April 4, 1900.

Scope and Content

The John Bidwell Papers came to the Special Collections Department from several different sources. The main bulk of the records are original documents, correspondence kept by Bidwell regarding the day to day operation of the Rancho Arroyo Chico, come from the State Parks and Recreation Department (Sutter's Fort). The diaries and other miscellaneous items are photocopies of originals held at the California State Library and other institutions.
The collection consists of three main divisions. The first (on loan from Sutter's Fort) consists of mostly incoming correspondence to Bidwell dealing mostly with business, agriculture, and horticulture, but also about religion, minorities, labor, politics, the military, medicine, road construction, and California historical events. These include letters from Peter Burnett, Norton Parker Chipman, H. W. Cleaveland, William Dickey, Ulysses S. Grant, Rockwell Hunt, Joseph C. G. Kennedy, Charles F. Lott, John Parrott, P. B. Reading, Leland Stanford, John A. Sutter, William P. Tilden, R. W. Waterman, and Frances Willard (Boxes 1-8). The second subdivision consists of Bidwell's diaries written between 1864 and 1900. These diaries are especially rich in detail about: the layout of the town of Chico; Afro-American, Native American and Chinese labor; road construction; local and national women's sufferage and temperance movements; anti-Chinese furvor; and the weather (flooding).
Visitors included John Muir, Rutherford B. Hays, William Tecumseh Sherman, Frances Willard, Susan B. Anthony, Leland Stanford, and many local and state officials (Boxes 9-14). (Originally Boxes 15 and 16 were Annie Bidwell's diaries and selected papers. They have been transferred to MS 3). The third subdivision of records contains miscellaneous photocopies of documents obtained by local historians from other repositories. This group also includes newspaper clippings and local historical emphemera about Bidwell (Boxes 17-19).

Name and Subject Indexes

Name Index to the John Bidwell Papers (selective)

Citations (for example 7:12-2974) refer to box number: folder number-item number.
Allen, Isaac 8:4-3094, 8:4-3096, 8:4-3104
Allen, R. H. 1:11-406; 2:6-788; 2:10-1056; 3:11-1448; 3:10-1429; 18:1-4127; 18:30-1519; 3:9-1390; 3:8-1298
Bancroft, A. L. & Co. 5:9-1957, 5:9-1963; 6:19-2589, 6:19-2617
Bay, Harmon 1:8-321; 1:13-464; 2:13-1142; 17:20-4111
Bee, F. A. 5:9-1975; 6:5-2203; 7:1-2646; 7:4-2748; 7:5-2770
Belloc, B. 1:4-79; 8:3-3051, 8:3-3053
Berry, John S. 2:12-1109; 8:4-3129
Bidwell, Abram 5:1-1831; 6:13-2365; 6:14-2391, 6:14-2394; 6:15-2459, 6:15-2426; 8:2-3023; 11:3 -Northern Enterprise, May 2
Bidwell, Annie 3:6-1237, 3:6-1238; 3:7-1244; 6:12-2339; 8:5-3151; 7:12-2982; 3:7-1237, Q38; 8:5-3151; 4:15-1709; 6:150475; 6:170-4040; 17:13-4023; 7:2-2694; 6:0-2339; 18:19-419f; 19:1; 18:4-4133; 18:9-4168; 18:9-4173; 18:19-4191
Bidwell, A. R. 6:11-2280
Bidwell, Daniel 18:1-4121; 19:3 Northern Enterprise, Feb. 28 and May 9
Bidwell, Emory (Hobart) 1:9-370; 1:12-419; 1:13-442; 2:6-824; 2:7-857; 2:8-892; 2:10-1035; MOW; 2:2-602; 2:0980; 2:10-1003; 3:61237; 8:4-3103
Bidwell, Henry Codman 1:8-283; 1:9-335, 1:9-354, 1:9-360, 1:9-369; 1:10-380, 1:10-392, 1:10-393; 2:1-527; 2:2-602; 2:3-6439 2:3-646, 2:3-663; 2:6-787, 2:6-792, 2:6-795, 2:6-798, 2:6-809, 2:6-814, 2:7-833, 2:7-859, 2:7-872; 2:9-963, 2:9-972; 2:11-1080, 2:11-1101; 2:12-1125; 3:10-1430
Bidwell, John Major 6:12-2335
Bidwell, Thomas J. 3:1-1154; 3:4-1225; 7:8-2888; 1:8-298
Biggs, Marian 4:11-3327; 5:8-1948; 5:11-2031; 6:13-2350; 6:18-2569
Blake, Mrs. G. M. 1:9:-370; 1:12-419; 1:13-442; 2:6-824; 2:9-960; 2:10-1035
Blowers, R. B. 4:3-1592, 4:9-3274; 4:12-1698; 6:2-2131; 6:13-2362
Boynton, Seth Sprague 7:5-2798; 7:10-2919, 7:10-2928
Brower, Sarah E. 7:4-2750, 7:5-2766
Burchard, George 6:1-2124, 6:1-2125, 6:1-2126; 6:2-2132
Burnett, Peter 2:10-1022; 17:6-4008, 17:6-4010
Burnham and Leeds 4:8-3220, 4:8-3231; 4:13-3325; 4:16-1739, 4:16-1768
Burt, J. M. 2:7-850, 2:7-876; 4:16-1728
California Steam Navigation Co. 1:11-413; 1:12-417; 2:7-874
Campbell, J. W. H. 5:2-1859; 5:8-1929; 6:5-2181
Camper, H. H. 6:13-2378, 6:13-2379; 6:18-2576, 6:18-2586; 7:6-2833; 7:8-2889, 7:8-2892, 7:8-2894; 7:11-2940
Canfield, E. E. 7:10-2921
Carr, Jesse 7:6-2818, 7:6-2825
Chalmers, Watson 4:7-3232; 4:7-3249; 18:1-4116
Chipman, N. P. 4:6-3227; 6:13-2361; 7:6-2832, 7:6-2837; 7:7-2865; 8:2-3048; 8:7-3186
Christy and Wise 1:12-422; 1:13-468; 3:11-1418
Cleaveland, H. W. 3:12-1542; 4:1-1558; 4:3-1585; 4:3-1585; 4:4-1633; 4:8-3264; 4:110345, 4:3349; 4:12-1683, 4:12-1687, 4:12-1693, 4:12-1699; 4:10-1711, 4:10-1713; 6:10-2610, 6:10-2614, 6:10-2615; 7:1-2650; 7:6-2801; 8:1-3006, 8:1-3017; 8:2-3625; 17:19-4081
Cleveland, Grover 7:1-2650, 7:8-2893
Colby, George W. 1:9-345; 1:12-424; 1:13-444
Cone, Joseph S. 7:3-2706
Costar, W. J. 7:7-2879
Crew, Alexander H. 4:12-1691, 4:12-1701; 19:3 Reminiscences
Crossette, George H. 4:15-1790; 6:13-2355, 6:13-2356, 6:13-2360; 6:15-2464
Detrick and Co. 4:3-1584, 4:3-1588, 4:3-1590, 4:5-1660, 4:5-1666; 6:13-2371, 6:13-2376; 7:2-2668, 7:2-677; 7:6-2802, 7:6-2810, 7:6-2811, 7:6-2849, 7:6-2851; 7:7 2876; 7:10-2901, 7:10-2913, 7:10-292j; 7:11-2931; 7:12-2986
Dickey, William 6:15-2430, 6:15-2447; 17:5-4005, 17:5-4007, 19:3-E-R 1953 The Bidwell Story and Under Discovering Gold
Earl, D. W. 2:1-539; 3:7-1249; 3:10-1433
Earl, Josiah 1:8-332; 2:4-684; 8:3-3070
Eddy, J. F. 1:9-361; 1:11-411; 1:13-438, 1:13-473; 2:4-717; 2:13-1141
Edgar, J. 2:5-749; 2:6-812; 2:10-1026, 2:10-1031
Elliot, L. W. 4:4-1628; 4:5-1647; 6:17-2525
Ellis, J. W. 4:8-3260; 4:10-3308; 4:10-1686; 4:15-1777, 4:15-1785, 5:14 2084, 5:14-2085; 6:5-2189, 6:5-2195; 6:1-608, 8:4-3099
Elmore, M. G. 7:11-2936, 7:11-2965
Fairbanks, H. T. 6:15-2443, 6:15-2446
Fall, John C. 1:7-265
Fallon, Thomas 6:15-2447
Faulkner and Co. 1:4-93, 1:4-94, 1:4-125, 1:4-127; 1:5 m -169; 1:6-186, 1:6-195, 1:6-202, 1:6-203, 1:6-213, 1:6-214, 1:6-216, 1:6-226; 1:7-255, 1:7-263; 1:8-301, 1:8-308, 1:8-318, 1:8-326; 1:9-340; 1:10-377; 1:12-420; 1:13-448, 1:13-455, 1:13-469; 2:5-764; 2:7-835; 2:8-888, 2:8-789 919, 2:8-933, 2:8-947; 2:9-989; 8:3-3050; 8:4-3090
Fench, William 4:4-1638; 4:7-3240; 4:14-1741
Forest, Ont 1:8-291, 1:8-302, 1:8-305; 8:3-3060
Gage, J. D. 3:7-1266; 3:9-1369
Gaskill, D. W. C. 2:1-535
Gorham, Charles M. 2:8-911
Graham, Rev. E. 6:12-2313, 6:12-2517; 6:17-2536; 7:2-2667
Grant, Ulysses S. 3:2-1187; 5:6-1914, 5:6-2036
Gray, G. M. 6:16-2494; 7:8-2890, 7:8-2893
Green, Will S. 7:5-2758
Gregory, H. C. 4:7-3236
Hallidie, A. S. 4:4-1642; 4:5-1651; 4:15-1788
Hanson, George M. 1:4-105; 1:8-303; 1:14-493, 1:14-498; 2:2-616, 2:3-633, 2:3-651, 2:3-662, 2:3-668, 2:3-674, 2:3-682; 2:13-1141; 8:4-3121
Haraszthy, Agostin 1:9-347
Hawes, Horace 1:4-97; 1:5-136; 1:6-210; 1:9-357; 1:10-381, 1:10-386; 8:4-3080
Hayward, Alvina 1:11-405; 2:6-810; 2:9-976; 8:4-3085
Henshaw, Prof. H. W. 6:12-2305
Hibbard and Sommer 5:7-1920
Hickok, J. J. and Co. 5:10-1991
Hilgard, E. W. 6:11-2269; 7:6-2850; 8:7-3187
Hobart, Charles V. 4:10-3299; 5:6-1913; 7:10-2898
Houghton, J. F. 3:2-1194; 4:9-3262; 8:5-3146; 18:4-4135
Hundley, P. O. 1:5-141; 1:6-211; 1:8-312; 1:10-383; 1:11-403; 1:14-509; 2:2-571
Hunt, H. B. 2:5-744; 2:7-870; 2:8-897, 2:8-898, 2:8-917; 3:2-1185
Hunt, Rockwell D. 18:15-4183, 18:15-4182; 18:18-4187, 18:18-4189; 18:19-4191, 18:19-4192
Jasper, J. M. C. 3:11-1489, 3:12-1504, 3:12-1513; 8:7-3168
Johnson, William 6:15-2447
Johnston, William and Co. 6:9-2243, 6:9-2244, 6:9-2245, 6:9-2246, 6:9-2247
Jones, E. A. 4:10-3302, 4:10-3317; 4:13-3323, 4:13-3343
Katzenstein, George B. 7:3-2720
Kearney, General 6:1-2124
Keefer, James Lawrence 2:10-1010; 3:7-1257; 3:9-1360; 3:10-1421; 3:12-1514; 4:2-1568
Kempf, John 1:8-308
Kennedy, Joseph John 18:1-4122
Kennedy, Guy R. 18:4-4137; 18:6-4145; 18:16-4184
Kennedy, Joseph C. G. 3:1-1149; 3:10-1439; 4:6-3206; 4:16-1809; 5:3-1875; 5:15-2113, 5:15-2119; 5:0-2121; 6:16-2518; 8:i-3196;-6:6*2209; 7:11-2932
Kennedy, John R. 17:20-4094, 17:20-4095, 17:20-4096, 17:20-4098, 17:20-4107, 17:20-4110; 18:1-4115, 18:1-4116, 18:1-4117, 18:1-4118, 18:1-4119, 18:1-4121, 18:1-4122, 18:1-4125, 18:1-4127; 19:3 Northern Enterprise Apr. 25, Jul. 11, Jun. 27, Jul. 18
Knight, W. H. 2:3-652; 3:12-1499
Lafonso, Maggie 18:18-4188
Lane, E. and Co. 2:9-992, 2:9-996; 2:11-1093, 2:11-1098; 2:12-1103, 2:12-1104; 2:10-1040, 2:10-10523, 2:10-1053; 2:11-1060, 2:11-1066, 2:11-1090, 2:11-1096; 2:12-1104, 2:12-1139
Latham, H. 7:1-2624; 7:1-2642; 7:2-2691; 7:5-2793; 7:7-2862, 7:7-2878
Latreyte, Francois 1:8-291, 1:8-302, 1:8-305; 8:13-3060; 1:7-240
LeDuc, William G. 4:5-1679; 4:9-3292; 4:11-3324; 4:12-1694; 4:13-1723; 4:13-1724; 5:841940; 6:00155
Lee, Wesley 5:9-1978
Leffel, James and Co. 4:12-1685
Lemm, Henry 17:20-4104
Lincoln, Abraham 2:1-542
Livermore, Horatio P. 6:11-2257, 6:11-2263
Longley, Pres 2:3-641
Lott, Charles F. 1:1-16, 1:1-17; 1:4-60, 1:4-115; 1:5-165, 1:5-173; 1:7-247; 2:3-632; 2:5-751, 2:5-752; 2:8-934; 4:4-1625; 4:5-1658, 4:7-3257; 4:10-1742; 4:16-1821; 5:1-1834; 5:4-1894; 6:6-2207; 8:3-3052; 17:10-411LB
Low, F. F. 2:3-658; 2:7-883
Loupvale Stock Ranch 8:1-3019
Mandeville, J. C. 4:6-3217; 7:5-2771, 7:5-2777, 7:5-2785; 8:1-2997
Marchella, R. 1:4-61, 1:8-304, 1:8-327, 1:8-329
Mason, Dr. C. C. 7:5-2799
Meneely, E. A. and G. R. and Co. 3:13-1545, 3:13-1547, 3:13-1548, 3:13-1550
Miller, Andrew 1:4-56; 1:5-153; 1:6-192, 1:6-224, 1:8-282, 1:8-317
Moore and Co. (Chas. A. Peake) 1:6-207, 1:6-219, 1:6-233; 1:9-355; 2:1-558; 2:7-865, 2:7-877; 2:8-896; 2:9-995
Moore, Henrietta 6:19-2591
Morris, Jacob S. 1:13-470, 1:13-477, 1:13-484; 1:14-492; 2:3-678; 8:4-3105, 8:4-3106
Morse, B. Frank 4:5-1661; 4:9-3250; 5:4-1882; 6:12-2295, 6:12-2332
McDonald, R. H. 6:8-2234; 6:19-2598, 6:19-2602; 7:11-2946
McHugh, John 3:10-1434, 3:10-1438; 3:11-1443, 3:11-1444, 3:11-1447, 3:11-1448, 3:11-1450, 3:11-1452, 3:11-1456, 3:11-1457, 3:11-1459, 3:11-1463, 3:11-1465, 3:11-1468, 3:11-1474, 3:11-1475, 3:11-1477, 3:11-1481, 3:11-1486, 3:11-1491, 3:11-1503; 3:12-1508, 3:12-1516, 3:12-1519, 3:12-1521, 3:12-1522, 3:12-1523, 3:12-1525, 3:12-1531; 8:7-3163, 8:7-3169, 8:7-3170
Nicholl, John 3:12-1543; 6:13-2383; 6:14-2424; 6:17-2538; 7:4-2745; 7:8-2836
Nourse, George F. 1:13-449; 2:1-560; 2:2-613; 2:3-660; 2:6-823; 2:7-844; 4:8-3222; 8:4-3117
Oak, Henry 6:15-2430, 6:15-2447, 6:16-2499
Parrott and Co. (John) 1:5-138, 1:5-147; 1:6-198, 1:6-228; 1:7-236; 1:10-387; 1:12-429; 1:13-450, 1:13-462, 1:13-475; 1:14-518; 2:1-540, 2:1-542, 2:1-546, 2:1-551, 2:1-557; 2:3-640; 2:6-793, 2:6-806; 2:7-871; 2:8-932, 2:8-944; 3:7-1276, 3:7-1277, 3:7-1278; 3:9-1325; 3:9-1358
Parrott, William 6:15-2453
Parry, C. C. 6:11-2255, 6:11-2289; 6:12-2346
Pence, William 6:19-2590; 7:2-2695; 7:3-2704, 7:3-2730; 7:5-2778
Perkins, George C. 2:4-708; 2:5-782; 2:6-784, 2:6-790; 2:7-831, 2:7-835; 2:8-887, 2:8-910, 2:8-948; 9:9-988, 9:9-294; 2:10-1016, 2:10-1021, 2:10-1024, 2:10-1029, 2:10-1051, 2:10-1058; 2:11-1059, 2:11-1061, 2:11-1068, 2:11-1075, 2:11-1085, 2:11-1086, 2:11-1088, 2:11-1093, 2:11-1098; 2:12-1103, 2:12-1114, 2:12-1124, 2:12-1133, 2:12-1140; 2:13-1142; 3:8-1293; 4:14-1688
Pixley, Frank 3:2-1191
Pond, James L. 6:11-2258, 6:11-2265
Pratt, O. C. 1:8-276; 1:10-385; 2:5-778; 2:8-909, 2:8-920, 2:8-935; 4:15-1714; 8:7-3174, TI-75
Rapp, C. W. and Co. 1:3-34; 1:4-43; 1:5-159; 4:3-1595
Reading, P. B. 1:5-170
Reavis, D. M. 1:3-24, 1:3-25; 1:5-140, 1:5-142
Redding, B. B. 5:13-2060
Reed, C. W. 2:9-965; 8:2-3040, 8:2-3042
Reed, Mrs. John S. 6:6-2205
Reynolds, E. T. 7:4-2740, 7:4-2741, 7:4-2744, 7:4-2749; 7:6-2804, 7:6-2806
Reynolds, William 4:5-1672
Rice, Rev. H. H. 6:19-2594, 6:19-2600
Rice, H. W. 8:1-3018
Rideout, Smith and Co. 3:8-1350; 3:10-1406; 3:3-1549
Rixford, G. P. 5:14-2092; 5:16-2122; 6:2-2140; 6:15-2431, 6:15-2432, 6:15-2441; 6:17-2542, 6:17-2547, 6:17-2552; 6:18-2559, 6:18-2510, 6:18-2563, 6:18-2587; 6:19-2616; 7:3 2727
St. Sure, Charles 3:7-1247, 3:7-1248, 3:7-1253, 3:7-1267, 3:7-1271, 3:7-1273, 3:7-1281, 3:7-1282, 3:7-1284; 3:8-1291, 3:8-1295, 3:8-1299, 3:8-1319, 3:8-1326, 3:8-1339, 3:8-1344, 3:8-1345, 3:8-1351; 3:9-1354, 3:9-1355, 3:9-1368, 3:9-1375, 3:9-1377, 3:9-1379, 3:9-1385, 3:9-1387, 3:9-1390, 3:10-1408, 3:10-1411, 3:10-1414, 3:10-1420, 3:10-1437; 3:11-1472, 3:11-1476, 3:11-1483, 3:11-1490, 3:11-1495, 3:11-1496
Schoolcraft, Henry A. 17:6-4008
Segraves, J. H. 1:4-44, 1:4-58, 1:4-76, 1:4-109; 1:7-253; 6:16-2520
Sexton, Warren T. 2:5-742; 2:10-1050
Skelly, Pete 19:3-Enterprise Record 1953
Smith, A. S. 7:5-2773, 7:5-2774, 7:5-2776
Sneath, Boorman and Co. 1:7-239, 1:7-243, 1:7-268; 1:8-277, 1:8-278, 1:8-284, 1:8-296, 1:8-309, 1:8-310; 1:9-343, 1:9-359, 1:9-362; 1:14-517; 2:12-1126, 2:12-1128; 8:3-3067, 8:3-3070
Sneath and Arnold 1:5-168; 1:6-176, 1:6-220; 8:4-3087
Snowden, J. W. 6:14-2397, 6:14-2416; 7:3-2702; 7:7-2873
Stanford, Leland 7:11-2642; 7:11-2965; 7:6-2845
Stansbury, Oscar 18:8-4153; 18:9-4171; 18:21-4193
Starr and Little 3:8-1311, 3:8-1318, 3:8-1329, 3:8-1336, 3:8-1347, 3:8-1352; 3:9-1371, 3:9-1381, 3:9-1388; 3:10-1393, 3:10-1398, 3:10-1400, 3:10-1403, 3:10-1413, 3:10-1425, 3:10-1435; 3:11-1460, 3:11-1469, 3:11-1478, 3:11-1482; 3:12-1509, 3:12-1526, 3:12-1535, 3:12-1538; 8:7-3162; 8:7-3167
Stewart, George H. 4:9-3290, 4:11-3328; 4:16-1813; 5:1-1831; 5:9-1959; 6:5-2201, 6:5-2202; 7:-2680; 7:6-2834, 7:6-2847; 7:7-2872; 7:10-2905; 8:2-3030
Stoddert, William 3:11-1462, 3:11-1502; 3:12-1540; 8:7-3165
Street, C. H. 6:17-2548; 6:18-2555; 7:6-2821; 7:7-2875
Strong, W. R. and Co. 3:10-1427; 4:8-3207; 6:5-2180; 6:17-2539
Stuart, Hector A. 4:1-1562; 4:16-1737; 5:6-1914; 6:18-2578
Sutter, John A. 17:2-4002; 17:6-4012; 18:4-4137; 18:7-4150; 18:20-4193; 19:3 National Republic
Sutter, John A., Jr. 18:14-4180
Swain, O. C. 5:2-1855
Taylor, W. H. 2:7-874; 2:10-1048
Thomes, Jane 5:1-1843; 6:15-2456
Thomes, O. S. 7:2-2676, 7:2-2688
Thomes, R. H. 4:4-1640, 4:4-1639; 4:7-3256; 4:9-3293; 6:16-2489; 6:14-2415
Tilden, William P. 1:8-328; 1:13-474; 2:5-766; 2:10-1013; 8:3-3054; 8:4-TV 3098; 19:3 Northern Enterprise May 2
Toomes, A. G. 1:9-341; 2:2-609; 2:5-749; 2:10-1026
Toomy, Alice F. 6:13-2354; 6:14-2417; 6:15-2434, 6:15-2461; 6:16-2521; 6:17-2524, 6:17-2511; 7:1-2631; 7:6-2822, 7:6-2836
Trumbull, R. J. and Co. 4:7-3259; 4:8-3282; 4:9-3286; 5:1-1849; 5:12-2045
Turner, H. W. 7:3-2719
Tuttle, S. S. 4:6-3212; 6:13-2384; 6:14-2418
Vaughn, Mrs. 8:7-3197
Voorhees, Mrs. 1:8-307, 1:8-333; 1:12-431; 2:9-961
Waterman, R. W. 7:12-2972, 7:12-2973
Webb, A. H. 6:16-2497; 7:3-2710; 7:6-2841
Wells, Michael Henry 2:11-1084; 6:12-2318, 6:12-2320; 6:17-2528
Wells, Thomas 1:13-451; 2:5-753; 2:7-851; 4:12-1688
Wentworth, David 1:6-197; 1:8-322; 1:9-338; 2:5-745, 2:5-750
Weston, Jubal, Jr. 1:14-526; 2:4-716; 2:7-856; 2:8-946; 2:10-1070
Wick, Moses 1:14-522; 5:11-2039; 5:14-2089; 6:15-2445, 6:15-2474; 7:2-2682, 7:2-2683
Wilcox, Charles H. 3:7-1258; 8:3-3073
Willard, Frances 6:19-2598
Wilson, Henry C. 4:7-3237, 4:7-3244, 4:7-3251, 4:7-3255; 7:1-2623; 18:4-4137
Wilson, T. S. 8:5-3156
Wood, George 2:6-802; 2:7-843, 2:7-861; 8:5-3155
Wood, Jesse 7:5-2754, 7:5-2762
Woodman, Charlie 4:11-3328
Woodman, J. M. 4:12-1681
Wright, George W. 17:6-4008
Yocum, G. W. 7:2-2692
Young, William B. 4:8-3271, 4:8-3281
Zabriskie, A. C. 2:2-617; 4:16-1750

Subject Index to the John Bidwell Papers (selective)

Citations (for example 7:12-2974) refer to box number: folder number-item number.

Agriculture - Equipment

Acme Steam Heat Evaporative Dryer 7:6-2828
Boxes, Dried Fruit 6:7-2229
Cultivators 6:12-2296; 7:6-2828
Farm Implements 1:47123; 1:6-231; 1:7-251; 1:9-363, 1:9-374; 1:11-408; 2:4-695, 2:4-697; 2:7-839, 2:7-844, 2:7-852; 2:0905; 3:8-1246, 3:8-1251, 3:8-1270; 3:9-1294, 3:9-1300; 3:10-1366; 4:4-1627; 4:5-1651, 4:5-1675; 4:8-3277; 4:10-3302; 4:11 3329; 5:12-9042, 5:12-2046, 5:12-2051; 5:14-2101, 5:14-2108; 6:8-2233; 6:9-2243, 6:9-2244, 6:9-2245, 6:9-2246, 6:9-2247; 7:3-2725
Fences 6:11-2271; 6:12-2302, 6:12-2308, 6:12-2315, 6:12-2317; 6:13-2368; 7:5-2760; 7:10-2907; 18:1-4124
Gates, Patented 6:12-2317; 6:13-2368; 7:5-2760
Harness -Orchard and Vineyard 7:12-2970
Harrows 5:11-2037; 5:12-2042, 5:12-2046; 6:3-2152; 6:4-2156; 6:11-2281; 7:6-2828
Harrows -Truman's Improved Iron Harrow 6:3-2152
Harvesters 4:11-3329; 6:18-2573
Harvesters -McCormick 4:9-3329
Heaters -Fruit Drying 4:4-1632, 4:4-1634
Huller, Almond 6:14-2401
Kilns 7:12-2974
Loader, Hay and Grain -(W. M. Johnson and Company) 6:97-2243, 6:97-2244, 6:97-2245, 6:97-2246, 6:97-2247
Machinery -Tools, etc. 1:6-177, 1:6-179, 1:6-181, 1:6-184, 1:6-193; 1:7-245, 1:7-252, 1:7-267; 1:8-279; 1:9-367; 1:12-428; 1:14-490, 1:14-495; 2:1-528, 2:1-539, 2:1-547; 2:3-625, 2:3-646; 2:6-8217, 2:7-848; 2:11-1077, 2:11-1081, 2:11-1083; 2:12-1107; 3:8-1245, 3:8-1251, 3:8-1255, 3:8-1258, 3:8-1260, 3:8-1290; 3:9-1309; 3:11-1416, 3:11-1411; 4:2-1567; 4:371576; 4:4-1610, 4:4-1611, 4:4-1612, 4:4-1613, 4:4-1619, 4:4-1620, 4:4-1622, 4:4-1631, 4:4-1632, 4:4-1633, 4:4-1634, 4:4-1642; 4:5-1644, 4:5-1651; 4:10-3303, 4:10-3311, 4:10-3317; 5:1472108; 6:11-2257, 6:11-250; 6:15-2470; 7:3-2709
Mammoth Rotary Churb 19:3-Northern Enterprise, May 2
Mill -Victor Sorghum Cane 7:6-2844
Pitter -Lillie's Patented Fruit 4:9-3279; 4:12-1704
Pitting Machine -Gillies 4:4-1634
Plow -Steam Powered 19:3-Northern Enterprise, March 7, 1873
Plow 7:3-2709, 7:3-2725; 17:10-4018
Reaper-Thresher Combination Machine 5:12-2051
Spring Wagon 18:8-4154
Subsoil Plow 18:1-4119; 18:1-4126
Threshing Machines 5:12-2051; 6:15-2470; 17:20-4094
Trays -Drying (Fruit) 4:4-1606
Tree Digging Tool 5:14-2108
Vineyard Cart (Manufactured by E. Soule, San Francisco) 6:17-2527
Wagon, Double Reach 6:11-2262
Wagon, Felly Plate and Tire Fastener 6:14-2421
Wagon, High Wheeled 7:10-2921
Wagon, Iron 5:1-1833; 5:14-2101; 6:11-2262
Wagon, Peach 7:10-2921
Water Run 17:20-4094
Weight Scales 4:13-1719
Wheat Cleaning Machine 4:14-1725

Agriculture - Experimentation - Names

Acacia, Golden Wattle (Australia) 6:15-2449
Acacia, Gum Arabic 4:11-3324
Bamboo (Bambosa dendrocalamus) 6:5-2192
Barley -Irish

sa Agriculture -Barley 6:5-2186
Barley -Nepal

sa Agriculture -Barley 4:15-1723; 5:11-2031
Bermuda Grass 6:11-2268; 6:16-2511; 6:18-2561, 6:18-2567; 6:19-2611
Black Gum (Nyssa multiflora) 7:8-2885
Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium) 7:8-2885
Blemsperma 6:11-2255
Buckeye (Horse Chestnut) 7:8-2885
Carob Tree (Ceratonia Siliqua) 4:18-1816; 6:4-2179; 6:5-2183, 6:5-2191
Cinchona Trees -(producing Quinine) 6:5-2191
Coffee Seed 4:11-3324; 4:11-3349
Corn -Cuzco

sa Agriculture -Corn 6:5-2191
Corn -Egyptian

sa Agriculture -Corn 4:6-3207, 4:6-3211, 4:6-3218; 4:7-3237, 4:7-3238, 4:7-3244, 4:7-3246, 4:7-3259; 4:9-3295; 5:3-1878; 6:4-2166
Cotton -Peruvian, Tree 1:9-339
Cucumber Tree (Virginia native) (Magnolia acuminata) 7:8-2885
Eucalyptus 6:4-2160; 6:15-2449
Euchlaena Luxurious (Leosinte Foddergrass) 6:15-2192
Figs, Smyrna

sa Agriculture -Figs 6:11-2261
Figs, White Adriatic

sa Agriculture -Figs 7:1-2665
Jute 6:11-2256; 7:5-2775
Lily, Victoria Regina 5:8-1947
Lotus Bulbs 4:12-1694
Oak -Cork 4:16-1816; 6:4-2179; 6:5-2191; 6:11-2255
Oak -English (Quercus robur) (Pedunculata) 6:14-2406
Olive -Nevadillo 8:2-3034
Opunita leptocaulis (Cactus Hedge Plant)

sa Agriculture -Hedge Plant 6:16-2509
Orange Cultivation (Buds)

sa Agriculture -Oranges 4:16-1742
Pampas Grass (Plumes)

See also: Plants, ornamental -Pampas Grass 8:7-3188
Panicum spectabile (Forage Grass) 5:15-2111
Peas -Wild (Lathpus splendius) (sp.?) 6:11-2255
Persimmon -Japanese 4:8-3270; 6:14-2424
Plum -Japanese

sa Agriculture -Plums 6:14-2389
Potato -Peruvian

sa Agriculture -Potato 5:7-1924
Pine, Norfolk Island 6:4-2160
Pumpkin, Chilean 6:5-2191
Ramie Plants (Used for fibre and textiles) 5:14-2100; 6:5-2190; 7:7-2864, 7:7-2870, 7:7-2877
Rose (Rosa minutifolia) 6:11-2255
Sassafras (Sassafras oficinale) 7:8-2885
Sorghum -(Sugar Yield)

sa Agriculture -Sorghum 5:12-2057
Squash -Mammoth Chile

sa Agriculture -Squash 6:14-2403
Suffa acutangula 7:3-2712
Sugar Beets

sa Agriculture -Produce -Sugar Beets 8:1-3010
Sugar Cane 4:5-1679; 4:11-3324; 4:12-1694; 7:12-2970
Sugar Cane, Japanese 4:8-3292; 4:11-3324; 4:12-1694
Sugar Cane, Sandwich Islands 5:12-2045
Sumack -Dwarf (Rhus typhina) 7:8-2885
Sumack -Large 7:8-2885
Tea Cultivation 4:5-1677
Thorn Apple 7:8-2885
Tropical Plants 4:5-1677; 4:12-1694; 5:12-2045
Wheat -Australian

sa Agriculture -Wheat 5:2-1859; 5:8-1929
Wheat -Egyptian

sa Agriculture -Wheat 6:5-2198
Wheat -Italian Macaroni

sa Agriculture -Wheat 5:3-1878
Wheat -Odessa

sa Agriculture -Wheat 5:16-2123
Wheat -"Pringle's Grandee"

sa Agriculture -Wheat 6:15-2431, 6:15-2432, 6:15-2441; 6:17-2542, 6:17-2547, 6:17-2552; 6:18-2559, 6:18-2560, 6:18-2563, 6:18-2587; 6:19-2616; 7:3-2727
Wheat -Tuscan

sa Agriculture -Wheat 6:12-2330

Agriculture - Fertilizer

Fertilizer 4:15-1780; 5:11-2025; 6:5-2199; 6:18-2574

Agriculture - Irrigation

Bear and Yuba River Dams 6:13-2370
Flumes -Irrigation 19:3-Reminiscences
Irrigation Practices 4:3-1586
Leffel Turbine Water Wheel 4:12-1685
Steam Power -Pumps 4:4-1636, 4:4-1641
Tehama-Yolo-Colusa-Solano -Canal 3:2-1204, 3:2-1205, 3:2-1206; 8:5-3152, 8:5-3153, 8:5-3156; 3:4-1231, 3:4-1232

Agriculture - Produce - Names

Alfalfa 6:16-2511; 18:3-4131; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, February 21; 10:3-Northern Enterprise, March 14
Barley

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 1:7-238, 1:7-261; 2:8-942; 2:10-1049; 3:8-1282, 3:8-1284; 3:9-1299, 3:9-1323; 3:11-105; 4:16-1745; 6:5-2193
Beans 2:8-942; 8:1-3017
Butter and Cheese Production (Butte County) 6:18-2557
Cabbage 3:1-1305, 3:1-1306, 3:1-1308, 3:1-1328, 3:1-1348; 3:10-1367, 3:10-1382, 3:10-1389; 3:11-1394; 18:1-4120; 18:1-4125
Cane Seed 1:11-397
Carob Seed 5:14-2087
Carrot Productions 2:9-990
Cauliflower 18:1-4120; 18:1-4125
Celery 3:9-1348
Clover, Seed 6:4-2158
Corn

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 1:11-415; 3:12-1467, 3:12-1471; 4:6-3223; 5:4-1883; 5:11-2019; 6:5-2193; 6:11-2287, 6:11-2288
Corn, Sweet (Mexican Black) 5:14-2083
Cotton Seed 2:8-931, 2:8-937; 2:9-949, 2:9-986
Dhoura -Also spelled durra, a kind of sorghum

sa Sorghum 4:4-1602
Hay 2:4-723, 2:4-727; 2:7-856; 3:11-1415; 18:18-4189
Hedge Plant (Opuntia)

sa Agriculture -Experimentation, opuntia leptocaulis 7:10-2918
"Honey Plants"

sa Sage Insects 4:5-1657, 4:5-1665; 4:15-1791; 5:5-1901
Lard 2:11-1075, 2:11-1078
Leeks 3:9-1305
Millet 1:11-404
Oats 2:6-790; 2:11-1068; 3:11-1415; 5:11-2019; 18:4-4136
Okra 2:10-1029, 2:10-1051
Onion 2:7-853; 3:9-1306, 3:9-1308, 3:9-1328; 3:12-1467
Potato

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 3:8-1252; 3:9-1311, 3:9-1329, 3:9-1336, 3:9-1347, 3:9-1348, 3:9-1352; 3:10-1381, 3:10-1388; 3:15-1344, 3:15-1400, 3:15-1425; 3:13-1535; 5:11-2019; 6:15-2454; 8:7-3162, 8:7-3166
Potato, Sweet 3:11-1401, 3:11-1404; 3:12-1469
Rhubarb 4:8-3282; 4:9-3286; 5:14-2090
Rice 1:5-163, 1:5-168; 3:8-1252
Rye 3:9-1301; 5:11-2019
Rye Straw -Uses, etc. 3:12-1468
Sage (for Honey)

sa Honey Plants 5:13-2068
Silk Production 4:1-1557
Sorghum

sa Dhoura (Durra)

sa Agriculture Experimentation 6:18-2570; 7:6-2844; 7:12-2970
Soya Beans 6:13-2372
Squash, Centennial

sa Agriculture Experimentation 4:7-3237
Squash, Hubbard

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 2:9-990
Squash, "Turban"

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 6:18-2572
Sugar 3:8-1256; 3:12-1474; 7:6-2844, 7:6-2853
Sugar Beets

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 2:9-990; 6:18-2570
Sugar Production (Proposed California) 6:18-2570
Timothy Grass (fodder) 2:7-854, 2:7-864
Tomatoes 3:12-1467
Turnips 2:7-853
Wheat

sa Agriculture -Experimentation

sa Agriculture -Prices -Wheat market 1:9-371; 1:6-128; 1:10-385; 2:6-812; 2:7-849, 2:7-873; 2:8-936, 2:8-937; 2:10-1055; 3:9-1299; 3:10-1357; 3:11-1414, 3:11-1426; 3:12-1474, 3:12-1481; 3:13-1504, 3:13-1516; 4:5-1674; 4:15-1805; 5:11-2019; 5:14-2090, 5:14-2095; 5:16-2123; 6:5-201; 6:15-2432; 8:7-3168, 8:7-3171; 18:1-4121; 18:3-4131; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, February 28 and May 9, 23 and 30
Wheat -Seed 2:5-777; 3:12-1489; 3:13-1530; 6:13-2358; 6:17-2540

Agriculture - Produce (Preservation of)

Canning 1:14-494, 1:14-499, 1:14-503; 4:15-1703; 7:7-2884; 17:20-4095; 19:3 Enterprise Record, 1953, picture building and activity
Fruit Preservation -Dryers 4:3-1582, 4:3-1592; 4:4-1618, 4:4-1621; 4:6-3224, 4:6-3233; 4:8-3279; 4:10-3302, 4:10-3319, 4:10-307; 4:11-3284; 4:1-4681, 4:1-1698; 4:14-1741; 5:7-1915; 6:4-2154; 6:7-2227; 6:11-2294; 7:6-2828; 8:1-2997, 8:1-3018; 8:7-307; 17:20-4104; 18:12-4177, Burning of Drying House; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Fruit Processing Report (1878) 4:14-1731
Refrigeration 4:11-3338
Salt 2:8-912
Sawdust (preservation) 3:8-1244
Waxed Paper (circular) 5:7-1920

Agriculture - Prices

Coffee 3:7-1256
Corn Meal 1:5-139; 1:7-274; 1:11-396; 2:4-686; 2:10-1015, 2:10-1023, 2:10-1029; 2:11-1075, 2:11-1098; 02"1131; 3:8-1282; 3:9-1299, 3:9-1326; 4:8-3223
Wheat Market 3:14-1555; 7:2-2698; 7:11-2940; 8:7-3169, 8:7-3170

Afro-Americans

"Colored" Citizens of Chico -Concerns 7:1-2644
Suffrage 3:2-1176
"Negro" Testimony Bill 1:6-200

Business Affairs (see also Legal Affairs)

Account Book -Rancho Chico (1849) 17:3-4003; 17:4-4004
Account Book -Rancho Chico (1853) 17:8-4015
Bill for Butte and Plumas County Road 1:13-444
Currency -Fluctuations During Civil War 2:4-723, 2:7-725; 2:5-733; 2:6-811; 2:11-1120 after-8:4-3111
Currency -Views on -Income Tax -Interest -Tariffs 18:13-4178
Dry Goods 2:12-1132, 2:12-1137; 3:8-1250, 3:8-1259, 3:8-1264
Inventory of Assets -Bidwell (1861-63) 1:2-Ledger
Insurance -Chico Roller Mills 7:10-2900, 7:10-2906; 8:2-3043
Insurance -Rancho Chico 4:8-3262
Loans (to Bidwell) 5:1-1843
Business Loans 4:16-1809; 5:1-1850; 6:18-2585; 7:6-2814; 8:5-3158

Business Affairs - Construction

Bridge -Big Chico Creek 6:11-2273, 6:11-2275
Bridge Construction -Butte Meadows 1:13-470, 1:13-477; 1:14-492; 8:4-3105, 8:4-3106
Building Demolition 7:7-2857
Cement (Prices and Market Information) 5:12-2054
Chico Laundry -Construction 4:14-1687, 4:14-1693
Chico Pavillion -Construction 4:15-1801, 4:15-1803; 4:16-1813, 4:16-1814, 4:16-1815; 5:1-1827
Church Construction and Approximate Cost 17:20-4100
Cottage Construction (1878) 4:12-1683, 4:12-1693; 4:15-1779
Dairy House Construction (1879) 5:11-2020
Gas Fixtures 6:4-2159
Grass Valley Hotel Construction 5:2-1863
House Construction 4:14-1776; 4:15-1788; 6:4-2159; 6:11-2285
House -General McDowell 4:12-1699
Metal Buildings 7:10-2907, 7:10-2909
Mill Construction (1885 -Post Fire) 7:1-2621
Normal School -Architect 7:10-2908
Normal School Construction 18:8-4156, 18:8-4157, 18:8-4158, 18:8-4159, 18:8-4160
Parsonage Construction (1883) 6:11-2279, 6:11-2286, 6:11-2291
Pavillion Construction (San Fransisco) 4:13-1711, 4:13-1713, 4:13-1717; 4:14-1727, 4:14-1740, 4:14-1752, 4:14-1753, 4:14-1754, 4:14-1755, 4:14-1756, 4:14-1757, 4:14-1758, 4:14-1762, 4:14-1765, 4:14-1770, 4:14-1772; 4:15-1789, 4:15-1790

Business Affairs - Lumber

Lumber Business 1:5-133, 1:5-140, 1:5-142, 1:5-164, 1:5-185, 1:5-190, 1:5-191; 1:8-286, 1:8-288; 1:9-349, 1:9-372; 1:12-436; 1:13-443; 2:1-530, 2:1-565; 2:7-855, 2:7-880; 3:11-1421, 3:11-1427, 3:11-1432; 4:8-3275; 4:11-3275; 6:18-2554; 17:11-4019, 17:11-4020
Logging Equipment 7:1-2659
Sierra Flume and Lumber Company 4:11-3332; 4:11-1697; 5:1-1834; 7:3-2706
Timber Conservation 2:9-954
Antelope Creek -Sawdust Damage 7:3-2706

Business Affairs - Mills and Milling

Bidwell Mill 17:20-4094; description 19:3-Reminiscences; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, May 2
Bran 1:8-306, 1:8-324; 1:13-445; 2:10-1015, 2:10-1029, 2:10-1058; 3:8-1271, 3:8-1282, 3:8-1284; 3:9-1299, 3:9-1323, 3:9-1326; 3:10-1368; 3:11-1414, 3:11-1415, 3:11-1429, 3:11-1432; 3:12-1499; 4:17-1807
Buckeye Mills -Marysville 1:5-159
Electric Lights for Mill (inquiry) 7:11-2936, 7:11-2965
Equipment, Milling 2:13 1143; 6:18-2580; 7:2-2690, 7:2-2700; 7:4-2736; 8:2-3044
Fire, Bidwells Mill (1884) 6:18-2572, 6:18-2573; 6:19-2605 insurance settlement -6:18-2576 rebuilding and cost -18:6-4144
Grist Mill, First Water Powered 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953 Bidwell Story
Flour Business 1:3-24, 1:3-25, 1:3-30, 1:3-32, 1:3-36, 1:3-37, 1:3-38, 1:3-39, 1:3-40; 1:4-44, 1:4-45, 1:4-46, 1:4-48, 1:4-49, 1:4-50, 1:4-52, 1:4-54, 1:4-55, 1:4-57, 1:4-58, 1:4-63, 1:4-65, 1:4-68, 1:4-69, 1:4-70, 1:4-71, 1:4-72, 1:4-73, 1:4-74, 1:4-75, 1:4-76, 1:4-78, 1:4-80, 1:4-81, 1:4-83, 1:4-85, 1:4-86, 1:4-87, 1:4-88, 1:4-89, 1:4-95, 1:4-96, 1:4-99, 1:4-100, 1:4-101, 1:4-102, 1:4-103, 1:4-109, 1:4-110, 1:4-111, 1:4-120, 1:4-121, 1:4-124; 1:5-131, 1:5-133, 1:5-135, 1:5-144, 1:5-150, 1:5-152, 1:5-154, 1:5-160, 1:5-164, 1:5-166, 1:5-171, 1:5-172; 1:6-175, 1:6-184, 1:6-205, 1:6-208, 1:6-215, 1:6-218, 1:6-219, 1:6-224, 1:6-225, 1:6-228; 1:7-239, 1:7-241, 1:7-243, 1:7-246, 1:7-249, 1:7-250, 1:7-253, 1:7-254, 1:7-258, 1:7-262, 1:7-268, 1:7-269, 1:7-270, 1:7-271, 1:7-272, 1:7-274; 1:8-277, 1:8-278, 1:8-281, 1:8-282, 1:8-283, 1:8-284, 1:8-286, 1:8-290, 1:8-292, 1:8-293, 1:8-295, 1:8-296, 1:8-299, 1:8-300, 1:8-309, 1:8-313, 1:8-314, 1:8-317, 1:8-323; 1:9-340, 1:9-343, 1:9-352, 1:9-354, 1:9-359, 1:9-360, 1:9-362; 1:10-376, 1:10-380, 1:10-388; 1:11-395, 1:11-414; 1:12-421, 1:12-427, 1:12-429, 1:12-432, 1:12-435; 1:13-440, 1:13-441, 1:13-450, 1:13-462, 1:13-464, 1:13-475, 1:13-478, 1:13-487; 1:14-493, 1:14-498, 1:14-504, 1:14-517, 1:14-523, 1:14-526; 2:1-531, 2:1-533, 2:1-535, 2:1-537, 2:1-539, 2:1-543, 2:1-544, 2:1-545, 2:1-548, 2:1-550, 2:1-552, 2:1-553, 2:1-554, 2:2-575, 2:2-578, 2:2-583, 2:2-586, 2:2-588, 2:2-590, 2:2-592, 2:2-593, 2:2-594, 2:2-597, 2:2-599, 2:2-601, 2:2-602, 2:2-604, 2:2-607, 2:2-608, 2:2-611, 2:2-612, 2:2-613, 2:2-614, 2:2-618, 2:2-622; 2:3-626, 2:3-634, 2:3-636, 2:3-642, 2:3-645, 2:3-648, 2:3-656, 2:3-657, 2:3-660, 2:3-663, 2:3-669, 2:3-670; 2:4-683, 2:4-684, 2:4-685, 2:4-686, 2:4-688, 2:4-692, 2:4-693, 2:4-697, 2:4-698, 2:4-699, 2:4-703, 2:4-705, 2:4-706, 2:4-707, 2:4-710, 2:4-714, 2:4-715, 2:4-716, 2:4-717, 2:4-720, 2:4-721, 2:4-722, 2:4-724, 2:4-725, 2:4-726, 2:4-728; 2:5-734, 2:5-735, 2:5-758, 2:5-759, 2:5-771, 2:5-772, 2:5-773, 2:5-779; 2:6-784, 2:6-786, 2:6-787, 2:6-791, 2:6-792, 2:6-795, 2:6-796, 2:6-798, 2:6-801, 2:6-809, 2:6-811, 2:6-813, 2:6-814, 2:6-815, 2:6-822, 2:6-823; 2:7-829, 2:7-830, 2:7-831, 2:7-832, 2:7-833, 2:7-835, 2:7-840, 2:7-841, 2:7-859, 2:7-862, 2:7-866, 2:7-8759 2:7-8;81; 2:8-887, 2:8-902, 2:8-910, 2:8-927, 2:8-948; 2:9-951, 2:9-956, 2:9-958, 2:9-963, 2:9-964, 2:9-970, 2:9-984, 2:9-989, 2:9-994; 2:10-1015, 2:10-1021, 2:10-1023, 2:10-1029, 2:10-1030, 2:10-1033, 2:10-1039, 2:10-1047, 2:10-1051, 2:10-1055, 2:10-1056, 2:10-1058; 2:11-1059, 2:11-1061, 2:11-1062, 2:11-1063, 2:11-1064, 2:11-1068, 2:11-1071, 2:11-1074, 2:11-1075, 2:11-1079, 2:11-1082, 2:11-1084, 2:11-1088, 2:11-1095; 2:12-1103, 2:12-1114, 2:12-1119, 2:12-1123, 2:12-1125, 2:12-1128, 2:12-1131, 2:12-1133, 2:12-1135, 2:12-1140; 2:13-1142, 2:13-1145; 3:1-1151; 3:8-1247, 3:8-1248, 3:8-1249, 3:8-1253, 3:8-1271, 3:8-1273, 3:8-1282, 3:8-1284, 3:8-1286, 3:8-1289; 3:9-1291, 3:9-1292, 3:9-1293, 3:9-1295, 3:9-1296, 3:9-1298, 3:9-1299, 3:9-1307, 3:9-1312, 3:9-1313, 3:9-1314, 3:9-1315, 3:9-1316, 3:9-1317, 3:9-1326, 3:9-1330, 3:9-1331, 3:9-1332, 3:9-1333, 3:9-1334, 3:9-1335, 3:9-1339, 3:9-1341, 3:9-1343, 3:9-1344, 3:9-1345, 3:9-1346; 3:10-1354, 3:10-1355, 3:10-1357, 3:10-1360, 3:10-1368, 3:10-1370, 3:10-1372, 3:10-1374, 3:10-1375, 3:10-1377, 3:10-1383, 3:10-1385, 3:10-1386, 3:10-1387, 3:10-1390, 3:10-1391; 3:11-1395, 3:11-1402, 3:11-1409, 3:11-1410, 3:11-1411, 3:11-1412, 3:11-1414, 3:11-1415, 3:11-1420, 3:11-1423, 3:11-1429, 3:11-1433, 3:11-1434, 3:11-1436, 3:11-1437, 3:11-1438; 3:12-1441, 3:12-1443, 3:12-1444, 3:12-1447, 3:12-1448, 3:12-1449, 3:12-1450, 3:12-1452, 3:12-1453, 3:12-1455, 3:12-1456, 3:12-1459, 3:12-1461, 3:12-1462, 3:12-1463, 3:12-1464, 3:12-1465, 3:12-1466, 3:12-1468, 3:12-1472, 3:12-1474, 3:12-1475, 3:12-1476, 3:12-1480, 3:12-1481, 3:12-1483, 3:12-1486, 3:12-1487, 3:12-1488, 3:12-1490, 3:12-1491, 3:12-1496, 3:12-1497, 3:12-1500, 3:12-1501, 3:12-1502, 3:12-1503; 3:13-1506, 3:13-1507, 3:13-1508, 3:13-1510, 3:13-1514, 3:13-1515, 3:13-1516, 3:13-1517, 3:13-1519, 3:13-1521, 3:13-1522, 3:13-1525, 3:13-1529, 3:13-1531, 3:13-1537, 3:13-1540, 4:12-3318; 5:6-1913; 6:2-2141; 6:13-2350; 6:15-2454; 6:19-2605; 7:1-2620, 7:1-2643, 7:1-2662; 7:6-2811; 7:11-2940, 7:11-2968, 7:11-2969; 8:2-3056, 8:2-3061, 8:2-3065, 8:2-3066, 8:2-3068, 8:2-3079; 8:4-3101, 8:4-3113, 8:4-3124; 8:5-3137, 8:5-3138, 8:5-3140, 8:5-3142, 8:5-3160; 8:7-3163, 8:7-3165, 8:7-3169, 8:7-3170, 8:7-3171, 8:7-3172; 17:9-4016
Flour Milling Syndicate (proposed) 7:6-2802, 7:6-2810, 7:6-2811
Flour Mills -California 6:19-2605; 7:6-2801
Flour Mills -Gridley 6:18-2568
Flour Mills -Salinas -Wages 6:15-2426
Flour Mills -Marysville 1:4-48; 1:7-272
Flour, Problems with 3:12-1466, 3:12-1476
Flour Samples for Department of Agriculture 7:1-2664
Flour, Self-Rising 1:4-70, 1:4-74; 1:7-258; 2:1-548; 2:2-568; 2:11-1075, 2:11-1086
Graham Flour 2:11-1080, 2:11-1086
Mills -Hazards 6:19-2605
Mill Improvements (1878) 4:10-3303
Mill Operations (Chico) 1:4-48, 1:4-66, 1:4-75
Mills -Plumas County 2:17532
Mills -Rock Creek 1:7-243
Mills -Salinas 6:15-2426
New Mill (After 1884 Fire) 6:18-2586; 6:19-2613; 7:2-2690; 7:3-2713; 7:6-2831
Nordyke and Mamon Milling System 8:2-3044
Purifier, Middlings (for flour mills) 5:1-1829
Southern Pacific Milling Company 7:6-2810, 7:6-2811
Swasey Milling Company 8:273044
Wheat, Cracked 1:7-238, 1:7-261
Wheat Conveyor 7:2-2690

Business Affairs - Mining

Allegheny -Dredging 18:2-4130
Amador County Mines 1:11-405
Bidwell Finding Gold 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Black Rock Mining Strike (1866) 3:2-1220
Big Bend Tunnel and Mining Company 7:2-2697
Coal Mining 1:13-458; 2:8-894
Convention (1866) 3:2-1171
Copper Mining 1:4-82; 2:1-540, 2:1-542, 2:1-557; 2:2-619; 2:5-757; 2:6-788, 2:6-789, 2:6-793; 2:8-921; 3:2-1212; 8:4-3120
Humboldt County Mines 1:5-160; 1:13-459; 2:1-541; 2:3-659; 2:9-972; 8:4-3099
Legal Problems 2:7-860
Mining -General 1:1-2; 1:6-200, 1:6-228; 2:5-747, 2:5-748; 2:6-793, 2:6-797, 2:6-806; 2:7-833, 2:7-859, 2:7-860; 2:9-972; 2:10-1036; 3:2-1198; 4:8-3276; 17:6-4008, 17:6-4013
Mining Interests (John Bidwell's) 1:14-518; 2:8-944
Plumas County Mines 2:1-532
Problems 2:5-747; 2:7-860; 2:9-976; 3:13-1537; 6:8-2232, 7:5-2764; 17:6-4013
Quartz Mills 1:4-113; 2:7-859; 2:9-972; 2:4-3111
Round Valley District 1:10-391
Round Valley Stamp Mill 1:9-353, 1:9-369; 1:10-380; 1:12-428; 2:7-833
Silver Mining 1:8-312; 2:1-542; 2:2-619; 8:4-3099
Spring Valley Hydraulic Gold Company (Cherokee) 6:16-2495
Sproul Silver Lode 1:8-312
Superior Mine 2:7-871, 2:7-879
Quincy Area Mining 2:2-619
Utah Mining 4:8-3276
Washoe District Mining 1:7-236; 2:3-659; 2:9-972

Business Affairs - Mining Products

Charcoal 4:8-3213
Coal 3:13-1518; 6:19-2605
Coal (Retail) -Heating, etc. 3:8-1285
Diamonds 7:1-2652
Gold Bullion 2:5-772; 2:6-797; 2:11-1064; 3:2-1198
Gold Prices (Dust) 1:4-92, 1:4-113, 1:4-117; 1:8-318; 2:11-1064; 2:12-1139; 3:2-1198
Iron (Retail) 3:8-1285
Lime 1:4-67; 1:5-134, 1:5-145, 1:5-146; 1:6-183, 1:6-188, 1:6-217; 1:13-453; 8:2-3056, 8:2-3058
Natural Gas 6:19-2605

Businesses and Companies (see also Trades)

Associated Press 7:7-2863
Bell Telephone Company 8:7-3193
California Electric Light Company 7:11-2936, 7:11-2965
Home Mutual Insurance Company (financial statement) 8:7-3184
Jenny Electric Company 7:3-2726
Levi Strauss Company 5:9-1987
Pacific Bone Coal and Fertilizing Company 8:7-3204
Pacific Coast Electric Construction Company 7:1-2663
Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company 5:11-2027
Phenix Insurance Company 8:2-3043
Sacramento Area Business Cards (1869) 3:8-1353
Sacramento Publishing Company 7:7-2863
Sacramento Wood Company 6:2-2138
Signal Service Bureau (in War Department) 18:1-4117; 18:1-4118
The History Company 7:11-2941, 7:11-2942
Western Beet Sugar Company 8:1-3010

Chico

Armory Hall 18:8-4153
Arroyo Chico Named by Dickey Yuba by Indians 19:1
Bag Factory (proposed) 5:971987
Cemetery 5:2-1858, 5:2-1862, 5:2-1866; 5:3-1869
Creek: Bridge Sandy Gulch 18:1-4124, 18:1-4125
Creek: Chico Creek 18:3-4131; 18:6-4143
Creek: Beauty of 18:8-4164
Description of Town 19:3-Reminiscences; 19:3-A Man and His Dream Relationship of Bidwill and Town
Electricity (proposed) 7:1-2663; 7:6-2819; 7:11-2936, 7:11-2950, 7:11-2953
Fair -Proposed Art Exhibition 7:5-2798
Fire 18:17-4186
First View of Chico Valley by Bidwell 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Flood (1883 and 1937) 19:3-Reminiscences
History 4:8-3276; 5:9-1988; 6:12-2312; Charter, 1871-18:1-4122; 6:15-2454, 6:15-771; 6:16-2498; 7:12-2980
Soliciting a Hotel 8:1-2992
Map 8:3-3073
Population (1879) 5:8-1957
Prostitution, House of (Third Street) 8:773195
Race Track (proposed) 2:5-741; 2:8-906
Roller Skating -Chico Pavillion 6:6-2206
Streetcars (proposed) 7:1-2658
Street Lights 3:8-1243
Water Rates, Rules and Regulations (Chico Water Company) 8:7-3176
What Cheer House (Chico) 2:5-730
Woolen Manufacture (Chico) 6:17-2548; 6:18-2555

Chinese Affairs

Anti-Chinese 7:1-2644; 7:4-2748; 7:5-2756, 7:5-2770, 7:5-2781; 17:20-4105; 18:7-4149; 19:3-VF Biography 4228 S
Anti-Chinese Immigration Restriction 8:2-3030
Bidwell as Delegate (Anti-Chinese Convention in Sacramento (1880) 19:3-VF-4229 S
Boycott -Anti-Chinese Move (1886) 7:4-2748; 7:5-2756, 7:5-2770, 7:5-2781
China -General 6:14-2411; 6:15-2433; 7:1-2646
Chinese Imports and Exports 3:8-1243; 3:9-1313; 7:11-2968
Chinese Indemnity Bill (1886) 7:5-2784
Chinese Laborers 1:13-477; 2:10-1054; 6:11-2263; 6:15-2433; 7:4-2747, 7:4-2750; 7:5-2766; 7:8-2893, 7:8-2894; 17:20-4094; 17:20-4105; 18:7-4146; 18:8-4151
Chinese Trade 3:9-1315, 3:9-1341; 7:4-2748; 7:11-2968
Pro-Chinese 4:6-3220; 5:4-1885; 5:14-2110; 6:12-2300; 7:5-2756, 7:5-2781; 8
Restriction of Chinese Immigration 4:6-3206; 5:13-2068; 6:12-2300

Commerce - Freight

Fast Freight Line (Chico-Idaho) 3:2-1198, 3:2-1199
Freight Business 1:14 497; 2:4-728; 2:5-730; 4:12-1696; 5:9-1979; 6:2-2138; 7:2-2701; 8:3-3067, 8:3-3070
Freight Rates 1:5-150, 1:5-153, 1:5-142, 1:5-157, 1:5-158; 1:6-185; 1:7-272; 1:8-279, 1:8-281, 1:8-287, 1:8-294, 1:8-296, 1:8-314; 1:9-359; 1:13-459, 1:13-467; 2:4-728; 2:5-779; 2:6-795; 3:12-1472; 5:11-2029; 6:2-2138; 6:4-2115; 6:9-2243, 6:9-2244; 6:14-2392; 8:3-3067; 8:4-3122
Sacramento Fair, Freight to (1879) 5:19-1970, 5:19-1973, 5:19-1979, 5:19-1980
Sacramento Wood Company's Freight 6:2-2138

Commerce - Railroads

Atlantic and Pacific RR 18:8-4151
California-Oregon RR 1:4-519, 1:4-525; 3:2-1159; 7:10-2929; 8:5-3145; 18:9-4172; 18:9-4173
Central Pacific RR 3:2-1159; 4:8-3210; 6:14-2395
Chico Crossing 3:11-1454; 17:20-4101; 17:20-4109; 18:1-4123
Colusa-Chico RR 6:11-2258, 6:11-2265
Colusa and Potts RR 7:472737
Control of Railroads (movement) 5:13-2062; 6:15-2439; 17:20-4100; corrupting influence--18:13-4170; Monopoly--19:3-February 14, Northern Enterprise
Fares 5:13-2071; 7:1-2650
Fast Freight Line -Sacramento-Idaho 3:2-1159, 3:2-1198, 3:2-1199
Immigration (RR as aid to) 7:1-2642
Missouri Pacific RR 6:19-2605
Mojave-Colorado RR 6:11-2289
Northern California RR 1:1-5; 2:8-890, 2:8-891, 2:8-897, 2:8-898, 2:8-900; 3:2-1159, 3:2-1164; 5:9-1970; 6:4-2165; 6:11-2258
Oregon Overland Express (discontinued) 18:8-4154
Oroville RR 2:8-890, 2:8-891, 2:8-897, 2:8-898, 2:8-900, 2:8-907, 2:8-913, 2:8-917, 2:8-918, 2:8-925
Pacific RR 1:13 458; 3:2-1171, 3:2-1193
Routes and Timetables 4:8-3210; 6:11-2258; 6:19-2605
Sacramento-Vallejo RR (proposed) -(1866) 8:5-3152
Southern Pacific RR 18:8-4151
Susanville-Sacramento Narrow Gauge RR 5:8-1933
Transcontinental Railroad 3:8-1243; 5:13-2062

Commerce - Shipping

Packaging (for Shipment) 1:173; 3:9-1302; 5:9-1979
Shipping Difficulties 1:4-109, 1:4-128; 1:6-191; 2:4-712; 2:5-770; 3:9-1302
Shipping (Goods) 1:173; 1:4-109, 1:4-128; 2:5-765; 5:8-1930
Shipping Rates -(drayage) 1:12-427; 2:1-529; 3:11-1438
Shipments to Europe (fruit) 6:8-2231

Communication - Newspapers

California Independent 5:11-2040
Chicago Interocean 7:10-2912; 7:12-2972, 7:12-2973
Chico Index 9:1-549; 2:5-775, 2:5-776; 8:4-3098
Chico Paper (proposed) 1:9-336, 1:9-358; 2:4-700; 3:1-1151
The Daily Graphic 4:14-1738
Daily Record-Union 7:7-2863
The Democrat 1:6-197
Evening Bulletin 4:673227; 5:14-2091
The Interior -(Presbyterian Newspaper) 7:5-2779
Los Angeles Express 7:5-2790
Marysville Appeal 6:19-2607; 7:5-2773, 7:5-2774
The Northwestern Miller 8:1-3014
Oroville Register 7:5-2798; 7:10-2928
Oroville Union 2:4-711; 2:6-827; 2:7-850, 2:7-870; 2:9-952, 2:9-953; 2:10-1009
The Presbyterian 5:12-2056
Sacramento Bee 5:9-1979; 6:19-2607
Sacramento Union 5:9-19779
San Francisco Call 1:11-413
San Francisco Chronicle 7:12-2975
Seattle Post-Intelligencer 6:12-2332

Communication - Postal Service

Bidwell as Postmaster 19:3-Reminiscences, June 2
Chico Post Office -Painting (1887) 7:8-2892
Government Pensions -Post Office Workers 3:271197
Length of Time to Get Mail and How 18:8-4162; 18:12-4177
Post Office -Yankee Hill 7:2-2675
Postal Concerns -Routes, etc. Est. Centerville Post Office -1:6-196; Post Route Bill -Chico-Susanville-Humboldt and Mining District in Nevada -1:10-384, 1:10-390; 1:13-457; 3:2-1166, 3:2-1169, 3:2-1189, 3:2-1198, 3:2-1199, 3:2-1211, 3:2-1218; 3:5-1223, 3:5-1225; 8:5-300; 8:5-3144, 8:5-3150
Postmaster -Chico 7:2-2689
Post Office -Whigs Management (1850-1) 1: 175
Susanville-Red Bluff Mail Route 3:2-1164

Communication - Telegraph

Chico-Idaho Telegraph Line 3:2-1198, 3:2-1199, 3:2-1213, 3:2-1216
Northern California Telegraph Company, Bidwell's stocks in 1:4-77
Western Union 3:2-1198

Crime and Criminals

Army Deserter and Desperado 1:9-7375
Arsonist (Fay, James) 5:1-1842
Chico Murders (Lemm's Ranch) -1877 4:4-1596, 4:4-1630; 4:5-1649
Chico Soap Factory Arson 4:4-1633; 4:5-1649
Embezzlement 17:21-4112
Request for Bail Bond 5:3-1871
Reward for Criminal Apprehension 4:2-1580
Williams, Henry (Murderer of Sprout) 1:14-515
Ecology (see Wildlife)

Education

Agricultural College -Proposed (1866) 8:5-3152
Bancroft Library 6:15-2430, 6:15-2447; 6:16-2498
Chico -College Proposal by Professor Reiche (1885) 7:2-2669
Chico Normal School 7:8-2894; 7:10-2908, 7:10-2928; 7:11-2939, 7:11-2950, 7:11-2962; 7:12-2977, 7:12-2978, 7:12-2979, 7:12-Z989; 8:1-3002; 18:10-4175; 18:11-4176; John Muir faculty 19:30-Enterprise Record Bidwell Biography VF 4217; Donated land 19:3-VF 4229 S
Ellis Villa College (Day and Boarding School for Ladies) 6:19-2608
Foundation for Normal School 18:8-4153
Free Charity Kindergarten School 7:10-2927
Harvard University 7:1 2657; 7:11-2931
Marysville Seminary 8:4-3089
Nevada State University (Carson City) 7:11-2937
Roseland Female Seminary (Arbuckle-Colusa County) 8:7-3197
San Joaquin Valley College 6:15-2458, 6:15-2460, 6:15-2469
Schools 1:12-431; 6:16-2504, 6:16-2519, education for all 18:13-4178
San Francisco Theological Seminary 7:11-2964
U.C. Berkeley (Agricultural College) 7:1-2637; 7:6-2850; 8:7-3187
U.C. Berkeley -Botanical Garden 4:16-1816
U.C. Berkeley -Commencement Invitation 5:6-1908

Equipment - Miscellaneous - Hammocks - Sewing Machine Tents (see also Agriculture - Equipment)

Hammocks 7:6-2849; 7:11-2931
Sewing Machine 18:1-4126
Tents 1:12-418; 4:3-1584; 4:5-1660, 4:5-1666

Equipment - Engines

Drilling Equipment 6:5-2182
Engine, Condensing 4:5-1645
Engine -Pump 4:5-1670
Engine, Steam 2:9-975; 4:4-1617, 4:4-1636; 7:3-2709
Engine, Straw Burning 4:7-3252
Engine, Wheelock (Used in Flour Mill) 6:12-2342

Equipment - Road Machines (Scraper)

Scraper, Road 6:8-2233
Road Machines (Scrapers ?) 7:11-2966

Exhibitions and Conventions

Agricultural Fair -Washington, D.C. (1878) 4:14-1698
Chico Fair (1884) 6:17-2538
Citrus Fair in San Francisco (1887) 18:8-4154
Fruit Growers State Convention (1881) 6:8-2240
Fruit Growers State Convention (1886) 7:672841
G.A.R. Exhibition 7:672803, 7:2815, 7:2818
Horticultural Convention at Los Angeles (1886) 7:3-2710
Immigration Fair (1886) 7:7-2878
Mechanics Fair -San Francisco (1878) 4:13-1707, 4:13-1708, 4:13-1715, 4:13-1716, 4:13-1722
14th Mechanics Institute Fair -San Francisco (1879) 5:7-1919, 5:7-1927; 5:8-1930, 5:8-1931, 5:8-1932, 5:8-1938, 5:8-1942, 5:8-1945, 5:8-1952
Mechanics Institute Fair (1883) 6:13-2353, 6:13-2373, 6:13-2377
Mechanics Institute Fair (1886) 7:6-2812, 7:6-2829
New California Produce Exchange 7:1-2645
North, Central and South American Exposition (1886) 7:5-2757, 7:5-2787
Paris Exhibition (1878) 8:7-3188; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Sacramento Citrus Fair (1885) 4:1-2624; 7:4-2745
Sacramento Fair (1879) 5:8-1955; 5:9-1961, 5:9-1970, 5:9-1972, 5:9-1973, 5:9-1979; 5:10-2001
San Francisco Exhibition -(1886) 7:6-2806
Southern Exposition -Louisville, Ky. (1885) 7:2-2687
State Fair -Agricultural Exhibits (1878) 4:8-3268
State Fair -Prizes to John Bidwell (1881) 6:8-2236
State Fair -Agricultural Exhibits (1883) 6:12-2323, 6:12-2345; 6:14-2424
State Fair (1884) 6:17-2530, 6:17-2533, 6:17-2539
State Fair (1886) 7:6-2818, 7:6-2825
Trade Exhibit -Board of Trade -San Francisco (1888) 8:1-3008
World's Fair -New Orleans (1884) 6:16-2486; 6:17-2532, 6:17-2546; 6:18-2566
Fertilizer see Agriculture -Fertilizer
Freight see Commerce -Freight

Horticulture - Business Aspects

Nursery Sales 7:8-2892; 7:9-2896
Trees -Sales and Purchase 4:8-3265

Horticulture - Fruit - Names, etc.

Almonds 3:7-1279, 3:8-1337; 4:9-3287; 4:11-3333; 18:1-4116; 18:3-4131; 18:9-4173
Apple 3:9-1311, 3:9-1318; 3:10-1388; 3:11-1393, 3:11-1403; 3:13-1520; 5:11-2019; 5:13-2068; 6:12-2304; 6:19-2605; 18:3-4131
Apple -Alessandria 5:14-2086, 5:14-2088
Apple -Red Cheeked Pippin 6:12-2304
Apple -Yellow Newtown Pippin 6:12-2304
Apricot Trees 1:9-342; 4:15-1800; 5:14-2086; 8:2-3048; 18:3-4131
Blackberries 1:10-389; 5:14-2095; 6:13-2384; 6:15-2465; 6:19-2593
Blackberries -Crandall's Evergreen 6:19-2593
Casaba (Muskmelon) 5:10-1990, 5:10-1995, 5:10-1996, 5:10-1997, 5:10-1998, 5:10-1999, 5:10-2000, 5:10-2004, 5:10-2005, 5:10-2007, 5:10-2009, 5:10-2010, 5:10-2011; 5:11-2012, 5:11-2017, 5:11-2018, 5:11-2035, 5:11-2036; 5:12-2045, 5:12-2049; 5:14-2083, 5:14-2087, 5:14-2091, 5:14-2092, 5:14-2106, 5:14-2107, 5:14-2109; 5:15-2112, 5:15-2114; 5:16-2122; 6:2-2140; 6:7-2225; 6:11-2277, 6:11-2293; 6:12-2301 6:12-2303, 6:12-2324, 6:12-2325; 6:15-2428; 6:16-2493; 7:5-2765; 7:1-2040, 7:1-290; 8:2-3034; 18:9-4173; 18:1-74175
Cherries 3:11-1413, 3:11-1427; 6:13-2385; 18:4-4136; 18:18-4189
Currants, Black 5:14-2090
Currants, Dutch Cherry 5:14-2090
Figs

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 1:9-347; 3:9-1311; 3:11-1400; 6:13-2375, 6:13-2385; 7:1-2665; 8:1-3001; 17:20-4096; 18:4-4136; 18:4-4136
Fruit, Dried 1:5-139; 3:8-1244, 3:8-1252; 5:13-2060; Frozen -18:7-4146
Fruit Business (General) 2:1-538; 2:11-1101; 2:12-1127; 5:7-1916; 6:2-2142; 6:11-2264; 6:12-2310, 6:12-2313; 645-240, 240; 6:16-2482; 6:19-2190; 7:4-2732; 7:5-2767; Destruction by Frost -18:18-4187, 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953; 19:3-VF 4226; 19:3-VF-4208 S S
Fruit Grading 4:8-3265, 4:8-3273
Fruit vs. Wheat Farming 7:6-2837
Grapes 1:9-356, 1:9-363; 1:1-61; 1:10-389; 2:7-837; 2:10-1032; 2:13-1146; 4:7-3240, 4:7-3258; 4:9-3267, 4:9-3274; 5:2-1867; 5:14-2097; 6:4-2173; 6:14-2412; 17:20-4106; 18:3-4131, 18:9-4173; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953 Bidwell Story
Grapes, Catawba 1:8-330; 1:9-344
Grapes, Malaga 6:15-2477; 6:16-2488
Grapes, Muscat 6:14-2402; 18:5-4138
Grape Seed 6:11-2269
Lemons 4:1-1561; 4:2-1564; 6:14-2424
Melons -Peterson's Seedlings 6:13-2381
Nectarine Trees 1:9-342; 17:20-4096; 18:3-4131
Olive Oil 5:7-1917; 6:2-2145; 6:3-2148, 6:3-2150; 6:12-2333; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953 Bidwell Story
Olives 4:11-3324; 4:12-1684; 5:14-2103; 8:2-3034; 18:3-4131; 18:8-4164
Oranges

sa -Agriculture -Experimentation, Orange 3:11-1398, 3:11-1400, 3:11-1425; 4:1-1561; 4:2-1565; 5:3-1877; 5:4-1894; 6:13-2383; 6:14-2424; 6:19-2590; 18:8-4164
Peaches 1:9-342; 1:10-389; 2:11-1078; 3:8-1263; 3:12-1469, 3:12-1473, 3:12-1478, 3:12-1482; 3:13-1509; 5:1-2060, 5:1-2662; 6:13-2378; 6:14-2389; 8:7-3167; 17:20-4096; 18:3-4131; 18:9-4173
Pears 1:10-389; 3:8-1263; 8:7-3162; 18:3-4131 and Japanese 18:4-4133
Peas 4:7-3255; 5:1-1849; 6:5-2180
Plums

sa r-Experimentation 1:10-389; 3:8-1263; 8:7-3167
Pomegranates 5:8-1940; 5:14-2083; 6:13-2378; 18:1-4120; 18:3-4131
Quinces 18:3-4131
Raisins 1:9-347; 4:3-1595; 4:6-3223; 4:8-3268; 5:14-2097; 6:15-2463
Raspberries 1:10-389; 6:13-2384
Strawberry Vines 1:10-389; 6:13-2384
Vinegar 8:4-3127; 19:3-Northern Cost Enterprise, July 11
Wine 1:6-189, 1:6-199; 1:7-241; 1:8-285, 1:8-292; 1:9-347; 2:8-939; VF 4228
Walnuts 5:14-2087; 5:16-2122; 17:16-4043; 18:3-4131; 19:3-Enter Record Bidwell Biography VF 4222 S

Horticulture - Ornamental Plants

Azaleas 18:4-4137
Buttercups 18:3-4131; 18:17-4186
California Poppy 18:3-4131
Century Plant 18:4-4136
Chrysanthemums 18:1-4126
Harebells 18:3-4131
Heteromeles arbutifolia (Toyon) 18:4-4133
Lilies 18:4-4134
Narcissus 18:8-4151
Oleanders 18:4-4136
Pampas Grass

sa Agriculture -Experimentation 18:1-4114
Roses 18:4-4136
Spragnea umbellata (Pussypaws) 5:11-2030
Sweet Aelysium 18:1-4126
Trees -Ornamental Listing Australian Gum-Tree Chinese Camphor 18:3-4131 Pepper Tree
Verbenas 18:1-4126
Wild Iris 18:3-4131
Yellow Jasmine 18:1-4126

Horticulture - Plant Diseases

Black Knot (Grape Vines) 5:16-2123; 6:2-2131
Crop Disease 5:13-2062; 5:16-2123; 6:2-2131; 7:6-2813; 17:20-4096
Mistletoe 18:3-4131
Oak-Balls 18:3-4131
Wheat Rust 5:8-1943

Indian Affairs

Apache Wars 7:10-2917
Bell for Indian Chapel 7:4-2734
Bidwell's Relationship with Indians 19:3-Reminiscences; 19:3-VF 4225 . S
Cheyenne Indians -First Meeting-up with Cheyenne Indians 19:3-National Republic
Clothing 2:12-1109, 2:12-1116
Food 18:3-4131; 19:3-Reminiscences
Hoopa Agency 7:1-2652
Indian Affairs 1:8-303; 2:1-561, 2:1-562, 2:1-563, 2:1-566; 2:2-609, 2:2-615, 2:2-616; 2:3-630, 2:3-633, 2:3-651, 2:3-662, 2:3-665, 2:3-668, 2:3-673, 2:3-675, 2:3-681, 2:3-682; 2:4-711; 2:6-826; 2:8-943, 2:8-945; 2:9-957, 2:9-974, 2:9-993; 3:2-1171, 3:2-1175; 4:5-1648; 4:6-3216; 4:14-1726; 6:12-2300; 6:15-435; 6:16-2522; 7:6-2826, 7:6-2835; 8:4-3121; 8:5-3134, 8:5-3143; 17:9-4016
Indians -Chico Rancheria 1:14-522; 2:1-561; 2:2-615; 2:11-1100; 6:15-2435; 6:16-2504, 6:16-2519, 6:16-2522; 7:1-2652; 7:6-2626; 8:4-3102, 8:4-3116; 18:3-4131
Indian Cremation (ndividual died of measles) 7:10-2917
Indian Depredation 7:6-2835
Indians -Humboldt Area 1:11-400; 2:3-651; 3:2-1175
Indians -Industrial Training School -Middle Town 6:15-2435; 6:16-2504, 6:16-2516, 6:16-2519, 6:16-2522; 6:18-2575; 7:1-2652; 7:3-2728; 7:6-2826; 7:10-2903
Indian Kinship and History (Request for Information) 4:6-3216
Indian Population North of- After War 19,500 Indians to 82 Whites North of Marysville 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953 Bidwell Story
Indians -Sickness 7:8-2890, 7:8-2893
Indian Workers 1:9-361; 1:11-411; 1:13-438, 1:13-473, 1:13-476; 1:14-500, 1:14-522; 2:6-799; 2:9-993; 8:4-3102, 8:4-3116; 17:9-4016; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Kombo Indians (Indian Valley -Mill Creek) 6:18-2571
Round Valley Agency 1:8-303; 1:14-493 (Indian Flour vs. White Flour); 7:2-2684; 7:10-2903; 8:5-3143

Insects

Apiary -Beekeeping

sa Agriculture -Experimentation

sa Agriculture -Produce -"Honeyplants"

sa Bidwell -Real estate -Bee Ranch(?) 4:4-1635; 4:5-1657, 4:5-1665; 5:13-2068; 6:8-2242
Hessian Fly 7:6-2816
Insect Pests -Crop Damage 6:16-2521; 6:17-2524; 7:1-2630, 7:1-2662; 7:6-2813, 7:6-2836

Labor (see also Trades)

Domestic Help 6:19-2610, 6:19-2614, 6:19-2615; 17:20-4101; 17:20-4102; 17:20-4106; 17:21-4112; 18:1-4120; 18:8-4151; 18:8-4155; 18:12-4177; 19:3 Reminiscences
Eight-Hour Workday (1886) 7:5-2783
Employment Requests, etc. 1:13-439, 1:13-463, 1:13-465; 2:7-846, 2:7-867; 2:8-922; 2:9-969, 2:9-978, 2:9-985; 2:10-1004; 2:11-1087; 3:11-1424; 4:2-1574; 4:3-1577, 4:3-1583; 4:4-1614, 4:4-1628; 4:5-1652, 4:5-1659, 4:5-1661, 4:5-1664, 4:5-1672; 4:6-3217, 4:6-3210; 4:7-3237A, 4:7-3239, 4:7-3245, 4:7-3253; 4:8-3271, 4:8-3281, 4:9-3285, 4:9-3288, 4:9-3297; 4:10-3301, 4:10-3307, 4:10-3309, 4:10-3312, 4:10-3313, 4:10-3315; 4:11-3323, 4:11-3326, 4:11-3334, 4:11-3335, 4:12-1690; 4:14-1734, 4:14-1760, 4:14-1775; 4:15-1778, 4:15-1783; 5:1-1824, 5:1-1839, 5:1-1841, 5:1-104, 5:1-1846, 5:1-1848; 5:2-1851, 5:2-1863, 5:2-1868; 5:8-1944, 5:8-1953; 5:9-1966, 5:9-1981; 5:10-2008; 5:11-2014, 5:11-2015, 5:11-2016, 5:11-2022, 5:11-2023, 5:11-2026; 5:12-2041, 5:12-2050, 5:12-2055, 5:12-2058; 5:13-2075; 5:14-2099; 6:2-2139; 6:-2153; 6:4-2169, 6:4-2174; 6:5-2184, 6:5-2187; 6:6-2210; 6:-0211, 6:-2212, 6:-2213, 6:-2214, 6:-2215, 6:-2216, 6:-2217, 6:-2218, 6:-2219, 6:-2220, 6:-2221, 6:-2222, 6:-2223, 6:-2224, 6:-2226; 6:8-2242; 6:11-2283; 6:12-295, 6:12-2319, 6:12-2326, 6:12-2331, 6:12-2334, 6:12-2337, 6:12-2344; 6:13-347, 6:13-2348, 6:13-2352, 6:13-2384; 6:14-2405; 6:15-2426, 6:15-2438; 6:15-2442, 6:15-2453, 6:15-2467; 6:16-2487, 6:16-2493, 6:16-2498, 6:16-2507, 6:16-2514, 6:16-2523; 6:17-2526, 6:17-2531, 6:17-2537; 6:18-2564, 6:18-2565; 6:18-2581, 6:18-2583; 6:1-2596, 6:-2603, 6:-2605, 6:-2606, 6:-2613; 7:1-2620, 7:1-2625, 7:1-2626, 7:1-2627, 7:1-2632, 7:1-2633, 7:1-2634, 7:1-2635, 7:1-2636, 7:1-2639, 7:1-2657, 7:1-2660; 7:2-2671, 7:2-2679, 7:2-2693; 7:3-2705, 7:3-2707, 7:3-2721, 7:3-2724, 7:3-2729, 7:3-2731; 7:4-2747, 7:4-2750, 7:4-2751, 7:4-2752, 7:4-2753; 7:5-2769; 7:6-2823, 7:6-2838, 7:6-2839, 7:6-2840; 7:7-2858, 7:7-2859, 7:7-2871, 7:7-2881; 7:10-2903, 7:10-2914; 7:11-2933, 7:11-2935, 7:11-2943, 7:11-2946, 7:11-2951, 7:11-2963; 7:12-2976, 7:12-2981, 7:12-2985, 7:12-2188; 8:1-2995, 8:1-3003; 8:2-3021, 8:2-3032, 8:2-3033, 8:2-3037, 8:2-3040; 8:3-3064; 8:5-3133
Job Scarcity (due to immigration) 7:7-2881; 18:13-4178-page 7, 18:13-4179
Labor Disputes 6:14-2418; 7:5-2767
Labor Problems 1:11-413, 1:11-417; 1:13-484; 2:10-1054; 4:4-1607, 4:4-1638; 5:11-2037; 6:3-2151; 6:5-2220, 6:5-2221, 6:5-2222, 6:5-2223, 6:5-2224, 6:5-2226; 7:12-989; 18:13-4178
"See that every man does a day's work" 18:8-4159
Views on Labor and Types 18:13-4178 page 7
Wages 4:4-1607, 4:4-1616; 4:7-3245; 5:2-1856; 5:13-2075; 6:6-2216; 6:17-2545; 6:19-2610, 6:19-2614; 7:2-2700; 17:20-4099

Legal Affairs (see also Crime and Criminals)

Babcock and Gowd Bankruptcy 5:4-1891, 5:4-1892; 5:6-1912
Bidwell -Deed Parsonage -Chico -(1862) 8:2-3055
California Lawyers -Ranking (per Bidwell) 3:2-1217
Bidwell's Mexican Passport (1841) 17:1-4000
Chico City Marshal 6:16-2506
Clauses and Park Areas Granted by Bidwells 19:3-10019
Counts Estate 1:4-115
Dias Grant (on Sacramento River) 1:14-520
Enright Lawsuit 4:7-3252
Farley, M. H. (Indebtedness to Bidwell) 1:10-383
Harvey Estate (Red Bluff) 7:1-2663
Hawley vs. Anderson 6:4-2162
Hensley Grant Case (Supreme Court) 1:12-426
Indian Depredation Claims 7:6-2835
Iturbide Grant (Legation) 5:8-1934
Kennedy Estate 4:471623, 4:1625, 4:1637; 4:13-1705; 4:16-1821
Land Title Case (1850-1851) B. F. Tarr vs. John Bidwell 1:174, 7
Land Title Case (1863) Including Bidwell, Mandeville, Solomon, Hill and Elassell 1:12-423
Law Enforcement During Gold Rush Days 18:15-4182
Magalia Gold Mining Company -Legal Problems (1886) 7:5-2764
Mill and Property Deed 2:8-921
Monopolies 6:11-2292; 6:15-2439; 8:5-3152
View on Monopoly -Favors Equal Distribution 18:13-4178
Myers (Reverand A.) Estate 7:2-2670
Ontario Irrigated Lands -Deed of Trust 7:10-2926
Potter (John) Estate 1:7-234, 1:7-247; 2:8-920
Ruster vs. Springer and Company 6:4-2163
Sierra Lumber Company vs. J. S. Cone 7:3-2706
Solomon (Maria S.) Estate 2:5-767, 2:5-768, 2:5-782; 2:6-800, 2:6-820; 2:8-924, 2:8-935
Speegle Case (1859) 1:1717
State Supreme Court 8:7-3174
Sunday Laws 1:4-84
Sutterville Property -Deeds 17:2-4002; 17:5-4005
Thomes Estate 6:16-2489, 6:16-2500; 7:1-2629; 7:2-2688
Tilden Ranch (Sale) 1:5-149, 1:5-165
Tomlinson vs. Tomlinson 8:473093
U. S. Revenue Stamps 1:12-434
Voorhees (Jane) Estate 2:9-961
Wentworth Estate 2:5-742, 2:5-745, 2:5-750, 2:5-753
Zeile vs. Bidwell 8:7-3175

Livestock

Aberdeen Angus Cattle 8:1-3019
Brands 19:2
Beef Cattle Business 1:4-91, 1:4-107, 1:4-109, 1:4-112, 1:4-122; 1:5-130; 2:3-624; 2:5-732, 2:5-782; 2:6-785, 2:6-820, 2:6-826; 2:7-860, 2:7-871, 2:7-879; 2:8-901; 2:0-967; 3:13-1512; 4:10-3280; 5:40889; 5:11-2039, 5:11-2041; 5:0000; 66:13-2361; 6:15-2444, 6:15-2474, 6:15-2480, 6:15-2481; 6:17-2549; 6:19-2588, 6:19-2619; 7:1-2622, 7:1-2623; 7:2-2678, 7:2-2681, 7:2-2682, 7:2-2683, 7:2-2684; 8:1-3019; 8:2-3035; 17:21-4112; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, February 21
Dairy 4:6-3212; 5:13-2067, 5:13-2068; 7:12-2694; 7:11-2962 Description 19:3-Northern Enterprise, May 2
Hog Business 1:7-256; 1:11-397; 2:7-874; 2:8-886, 2:8-923, 2:8-940; 2:9-977, 2:9-997; 2:10-1007, 2:10-1012, 16142 1016,70232 10272 10282 10342, 2:10-1036, 2:10-1041, 2:10-1044; 2:11-1059, 2:11-10802, 2:11-10852, 2:11-1088, 2:11-10932 2:11-1098, 2:11-1101; 2:12-1103; 2:20159; 3:10-1378, 3:10-1379; 3:13-1511; 5:1-1837; 6:15-2474; 7:2-26722 7:2-2683; 7:11-2952; 8:3-3062
Hogs -"Jersey Duroc" 7:2-2672
Horsefeed 1:7-238; 1:13-485
Horses -Breaking and Training 2:5-780; 2:8-938; 6:3-2153
Horses -Norman Stallions 5:10-1991; 6:15-24432 6:15-24462 6:15-2448
Horses -Percherons 4:16-1812; 6:15-2443
Horses -Potomic Stallion 6:15-2474
Horses (Sales and Purchase) 1:1-28; 1:5-155; 1:6-178, 1:6-180, 1:6-223, 1:6-232; 1:7-237; 1:9-350; 1:10-378; 1:11-402; 1:14-526; 2:1-536; 2:6-817, 2:6-825; 2:7-838; 2:8 885; 2:9-967; 3:9-1303, 3:9-1312; 4:6-1214; 4:7-3235; 4:8-3280; 4:14 174j; 446-1812; 5:10-1991; 5:11-2039; 6:10-2332; 6:15-2427, 6:15-2466; 7:1-2628; 7:10-2911; 8:1-2996, 8:1-3004; 8:4-3081
Horses -Strays 2:9-7979; 8:3-3057 19:3-Northern Enterprise, March 28
Mules, Donkeys 4:7-3248
Ostrich Farming 6:11-2270
Oxen 4:2-1568; 6:14-2400
Poultry 4:10-3298; 5:1-1828, 5:1-1837, 5:1-1838, 5:1-1845; 5:2-1855, 5:2-1858; 5:3-1869; 5:9-1962; 5:14-2098; 6:15-2425; 7:10-2911
Sheep 1:12-422; 1:13-468; 4:2-1573; 4:17-1784, 4:17-1787; 5:13-2066, 5:13-2067, 5:13-2068; 6:11-2276; 6:13-2369; 7:5-2796; 18:3-4131
Sheep (French Marine) 6:13-2369
Sheep (German Pillissier) 6:13-2369
Sheep (Merino) 4:2-1573; 4:3-1581, 4:3-1589; 4:4-1615; 4:7-3236; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, May 16
Sheep (Mutton) 5:13-2068
Sheep -Wool 3:11-1411, 3:11-1417, 3:11-1418; 3:12-1479, 3:12-1484, 3:12-1492; 6:16-2492
Turkey 3:13-1535; Price -18:1-4122; 18:1-4128

Medicine

Ailments (Descriptions) 6:19-2593; 17:20-4094, 18:1-4122, 18:6-4143
Asylums 2:5-766; 6:2-2143
Asylum (Stockton) 1:13-474; 2:10-1013
Autopsy (Thomas) 4:7-3256
Brandy (Medicinal Purposes) 6:11-2278
Dentist -Emmaroy Bidwell 8:4-3103
Drugs and Apothecary 5:971978; Herbs -18:1-4124
Drunkeness -Cure for 6:11-2274
Measles 7:8-2890
Medical Doctors 4:4-1598, 4:4-1603; 4:7-3256; 4:11-3340; 6:13-2374; 6:14-2394, 6:14-2396
Opium 6:11-2274
Pleurisy 4:13-3348
Snow Blindness 8:4-3102
Spinal Meningitis -Chico 8:1-3008
Treatments 7:6-2813; 17:20-4094
Typhoid Fever 4:14-1771; 6:13-2374
Dr. Willsey's Proposed Move to Chico 6:13-2374
Yellow Fever 4:14-1771

Mexican Affairs

Anti-Mexican Settlers (Post Mexican War 1840's) 6:15-2447

Military Affairs

Army Deserters 1:9-375
California Battalion (Mexican War) 6:15-2447
California Column 1:6-204; 1:7-242
California Militia 2:2-585, 2:2-605, 2:2-606; 2:4-709, 2:4-719; 2:9-974; 17:7-4014
California Volunteers (Civil War) 1:5-129; 1:7-242; 2:2-620; 2:3-664; 2:9-974; 3:1-1150, 3:1-1175; 6:16-2485
Chico Light Infantry 3:571228; 8:4-3127
Civil War -Alabama (CSA) Captures Ariel 8:31-3077
Civil War -"Lee's Surrender" 17:20-4111
Commissions, Regular Army 3:2-1161, 3:2-1178, 3:2-1179, 3:2-1190, 3:2-1196; 3:5-1229
Crimean War (effects of) 3:13-1522, 3:13-1523, 3:13-1524, 4:2-1569
Indian Wars -Skirmishes 1:7-242; 3:2-1175; 7:10-2917
Los Angeles, Captures of (Mexican War 1846) 6:1-2124
Mexican War (California 1846-47) 6:1-2124; 6:15-2447
Military Academies, Appointments to 3:2-1156, 3:2-1162, 3:2-1173, 3:2-1183, 3:2-1186, 3:2-1191, 3:2-1192; 4:16-1810; 6:4-2161, 6:4-2167
Military Business 2:4-689, 2:4-690, 2:4-697; 2:5-756; 2:9-974; 2:10-1028; 3:1-1147, 3:1-1150; 3:2-1161; 3:2-1175; 3:5-1228; 6:15-2440; 8:2-3027: 8:3-3077; 8:4-327
Military Literature for California Military Library 3:2-1187
Military Operations 1:5-129; 1:6-204; 1:7-242; 1:11-400; 2:1-542, 2:1-566; 2:9-974; 3:2-1175; 6:1-2124; 6:15-2447
Military -Summit Lake (1866) 8:2-3027
Munitions (Weapons, etc.) 1:7-257; 1:9-364
Naval Concerns 3:2-1200, 3:2-1201; 6:1-2124; 8:3-3077
African-American Volunteers 3:2-1158
New Alamaden Mine, Seizure of 2:1-542
Revolutionary War 5:16-2119
San Pascual, Battle of 6:15-2447
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers 3:2-1199
Whaleship Stonington, (Involved in Mexican War) (1846-47) 6:1-2124
Mills and Milling (see Business Affairs -Mills and Milling)
Mining (see Business Affairs -Mining)
Minorities (see African American Affairs, Chinese Affairs, Native American Affairs, Latino Affairs)
Negroes (see African-American Affairs)
Newspapers (see Communication -Newspapers)

Organizations (see also Personal - Awards and Offices)

American Agricultural and Dairy Association 7:6-2805
American Shipping and Industrial League 7:10-2924
American Sunday School Union 7:7-2873
American Tract Society 7:10-2903
Anglo-Nevada Insurance Company 7:6-2814
Anti-Debris Committee 6:1-2127
Anti-Mining Debris Association 6:3-2147; 6:8-2232; 6:11-2249, 6:11-2251, 6:11-2260; 6:12-2299, 6:12-2314; 6:13-2370; 6:19-2607
California Fruit Growers Union 7:4-2735
California State Grange (Farmers Coop Union of Sutter County) 7:6-2852; 7:7-2856, 7:7-2861
California State Sabbath School Association 6:13-2359
Central California Citrus Fair Association 7:7-2862
Chico Lyceum Society 1:11-406; 7:5-2788
Committee of Hundreds (Bidwell Vice President) 7:5-2781
European Immigration Department 6:17-2529
Exchange for Pacific Coast Products 8:1-3016
Farmer's Club 19:3-Northern Enterprise, February 28
G. A. R. Committee (Grand Army of the Republic) 7:5-2795, 7:5-2797; 7:6-2803, 7:6-2820
Garfield Monument Association 6:3-2146
Horticultural Society (California State) 7:6-2804; 7:12-2983
Immigration Association of California 7:6-2821; 7:7-2875
Immigration Association of Northern California (also titled The Central and Northern California Immigration Association) 7:2-2691; 7:7-2878
Immigration Association of Upper California 7:5-2793
International Immigrant Union (San Francisco) 7:10-2922
Jockey Club 19:3-Northern Enterprise
Masonic Affairs (Independent Order of Good Templars) 7:3-2717, 7:3-2720, 7:3-2729; 8:2-3037; 6:4-2176 (Chico)
Mechanics Institute 4:8-3211
Merchants Protective Association (San Francisco) 5:4-1888
Mite Society 17:20-4095; 17:21-4112; 18:4-4135; 18:6-4142; 18:8-4153; 18:8-4163; 18:12-4177
National Agricultural Society 5:14-2101
National Association of Wool Growers 6:16-2492
Ohio Experimental Agricultural Station 6:11-2287
Society of California Pioneers 18:7-4150
Territorial Pioneers of California 8:7-3178, 8:7-3199
Upper Sacramento Agricultural Society 19:3-Northern Enterprise, July 18 and July 25
Women's Christian Temperance Union 6:19-2591, 6:19-2598, 6:19-2602; 7:6 2847; 18:6-4145
Y.M.C.A. -Building Fund, Washington, DC 6:11-2267

Personal (General)

Water Analysis (From Bidwell -U.C. Berkeley) 7:6-2850
Flood Control (Dams, Levees, etc.) 6:11-2260; 7:8-2889
Adopt Children, Requests for John Bidwell to 5:1-1823; 4:7-3242
Bidwell -Charity 5:171830; 5:2-1861; 6:11-2267; 6:17-2543; 6:18-2577
Bidwell -Donation for Grant Memorial Monument 7:2-2695; 7:3-2704, 7:3-2730
Bidwell's Health -Bidwell refers to being cupped by Dr. Tilden (Cupped means drawing blood) 19: -Newspaper Centennial Edition, page 7 about Dr. Tilden
Bidwell -Health Concerns 2:8-891; 3:11-1430; 17:5-4006; 17:18-4053; 17:20-4110; 18:1-4117; 18:1-4118; Weight 18:1-4127; Dentist 18:5-4139; 18:5-4140; 18:8-4162; 18:8-4163; 18:9-4169; On changing doctors 18:9-4170; 18:9-4171; 18:9-4172; Improved 18:9-4173; 18:9-4174; Of other 18:110-4175; Nervous 18:15-4182; 18:18-4187; 18:19-4191; 19:3 Northern Enterprise, May 2
Bidwell -Personal views on influx of people due to the Gold Rush (1849) 17:5-4006; 17:6-4013
Bidwell's Statement of General Political Views 19:3-VF 4229
Bidwell -Thanks for Assistance 7:2-2668, 7:2-2686, 7:2-2689; 7:3-2722, 7:5-2772, 7:5-2791
California Pioneers -List of (1845) 6:16-2499
Census -Bidwell (Marysville North) 19:3, Enterprise Record, 1953, Story on Bidwell
Child given Bidwell's Name 18:14-411
Clothing -John Bidwell 1:6-233; 2:4-718; 2:8-915; 2:9-982; 2:10-1017, 2:10-1018; 2:11-1067; 4:5-1678; 6:1-2189; 8:4-307; 8:5-3141; 8:7-3205; 16:14124; Shoes 18:1-4127; 18:8-4164; 18:9-4174
Descriptions of Feelings 18:1-4125
Does not care about being written about 18:18-419
Early California History 6:15-2430, 6:15-2477; 6:16-2498, 6:16-2499; 7:12-2980
Enemies of Bidwell 1:4-84
Finding Gold 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Commercial Ventures of Bidwell -milkman 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Fire Damage to Stables and Water Tower 18:19-4192
Home Landscaping 17:20-4104; 18:1-4120; 18:1-4126; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, February 21
Inventions 3:2-1201; 5:12-2053
John Bidwell's Death 18:21-4193; Memorial 19:3-Enterprise Record, Bidwell Biography VF-4217; 19:3-10019 heart attack after felling trees
Funeral Procession 18:1-4423
John Bidwell -Official Mailing List (While in Washington, D.C.) 8:6-3161
Mansion, Bidwell -Construction, upkeep, furnishing, etc.

sa Bidwell -Real estate -Restoration of Bidwell Mansion 1:5-158; 2:13-1146; 3:1-1151, 3:1-1152, 3:1-1155; 3:2-1167; 3:8-1244; 3:13-1542; 3:14-1544, 3:14-1551; 4:4-1632; 5:44188?; 5:61911; 5:7-1922; 5:120044; 6:8-2238; 6:17-2550; 17:15-4041, 17:15-4042; 17:16-4043; 17:18-4051; 18:12-4177
Marriage of Emmaroy Bidwell 3:7-1237
Paintings 4:15-1789; 6:11-2266; 6:14-2414; 7:5-2798
Permission to Hunt with Greyhounds on Rancho Chico 7:1-2648
Personal Assistance, Requests (Influence, Money, etc.) 3:2-1188; 4:2-1572; 4:14-1737, 4:14-1744; 5:12-2051; 5:14-2082; 6:4-2164; 6:5-2185; 6:12-2318, 6:12-2320, 6:12-2338; 6:15-2440; 6:19-2604; 7:1-2656; 7:2-2674; 7:3-2723; 7:4-2750; 7:5-2766, 7:5-2780, 7:5-2791; 7:8-2895; 7:l0-2927; 7:11-2930, 7:11-2933, 7:11-2955, 7:11-2956; 7:12-2980; 8:2-3021, 8:2-3041
Personal Inquiries 2:2-576; 2:3-628; 2:5-731; 2:8-904; 4:4-1597; 4:5-1658; 6:13-2351; 7:7-2874; 7:10-2898; 18:1-4127
Photography 3:3-1203; 7:3-2719; 8:1-2999
Father of the Raisin Industry 19:5-Annotated Bibliography, page 13
Resolutions for the New Year (1872) 18:2-4129
"Respected Citizen" 19:2-page 101; 19:3 VF-4225
Shot At 18:9-4168
Social Adaptations (Bidwell Personal) 17:20-4109; 18:1-4119; 18:1-4124; 18:9-4171; 18:18-4187; 18:18-4189
Thomas' Musical Festival Tickets (1883) 6:12-2327, 6:12-2336
Trial Balance for John Bidwell (1868) 8:5-3159
Views on Training Horses and Riding 18:9-4170; 18:9-4171

Personal - Anne E. K. Bidwell

Bidwell Wishes Anne "Perfect Freedom" and Best Judgement 17:20-4096
Correspondence with Anne (Feelings of) 17:20-4094; 17:20-4095 not to show; 17:20-4097; 18:1-4119; 18:1-4126
Proposal to Annie E. Kennedy 17:13-4023
Wedding Guests including President Johnson, General Grant and General Sherman 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953 Bidwell Story
Wedding Presents 17:18-4051

Personal - Awards and Offices (see also Organizations)

Request to Serve on Executive Committee for National Horse Show 2:9-983
Promotion to General 2:3-655, 2:3-661
Citrus Fair Director -Appointment 7:7-2862
Chico Fire Engine Company No 1 (Bidwell's Honorary Membership) 6:11-2253
Bidwell for President State Agricultural Society 2:7-847
Bidwell -President of July 4th Celebration (1885) 7:1-2649
Bidwell -for Commissioner on State Horticulture Board (1883) 6:11-2282
Agricultural Awards -to Bidwell 2:5-774; 18:5-4139; 18:6-4142
Bidwell -Appointment as Brig. General -California Militia (1853) 17:7-4014
Appointed Magistrate of San Luis Rey by General Fremont 19:3-VF-4229
State Board of Horticulture (1883) 6:11-2282
State Board of Regents 5:15-2115, 5:15-2116, 5:15-2117; 18:4-4132

Personal - Genealogy and Major Events

Bidwell -Family 2:3-668; 5:8-1941; 5:16-2119; 6:12-2335; 6:13-2364; 6:15-2439; 7:5-2763; 17:15-400; 17:16-4047; 19:3-Reminiscences; 1:1-10; 5:8-1941
Bidwell Geneology 6:15-2439; 7:5-2763, 7:5-2786; 17:18-4060; 19:3-Enterprise Record, Bidwell Biography VF-4221
Centennial and Listing of Major Events in Life of Bidwell 19:3-Enterprise Record, Biography VF-4224
Summary of Bidwell's Early Activities 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953 Bidwell Story; 19:3-Enterprise Re Bidwell Biography VF-4221; 19:3-Document--A Man and His Dream; 19:3-VF-10019; 19:3-Bidwell Mansion; 19:4-For Elementary School 19:5-Listing of Various Sources of Material

Personal - Travel

Alaska Trip 18:11-4176
Bidwell Camping Out in Sierra Nevada Mountains 19:3-Northern Enterprise, August 3
Books Brought Overland by John Bidwell 17:1-4001
Date Bidwell First Came Into Valley 19:3-VF 4220
Description of Probable Trail Trip to California by Bidwell 19:3-Salt Desert Dreadful Challenge
First Trip to California 19:3-National Republic
Summer Trips 18:18-4184; 18:19-4191

Place, Site and Building Names (see also Chico)

Arizona -General Description 7:10-2917
Brooklyn New York Development 7:1-2650
Dakota Territory -General 7:2-2679
Eagle Lake 2:8-916
Forest Ranch 18:8-4153
Fort Laramie 19:3-National Republic
Gibonville -Plumas County 17:20-4097
Grand Canyon 7:10-2917
Grant Memorial Monument 7:2-2695; 7:3-2704
Hudson Valley New York Development 7:1-2650
Humboldt County 1:7-265, 1:7-271; 1:8-331; 1:13-458
Idaho Territory (Boise) -Economic Development 3:2-1198
Illinois -Fruit Crop (1877) 5:13-2060
Independence, Missouri 19:3-National Republic
Lassen Buttes -Description by Bidwell 19:3-Northern Enterprise, July 25
Napa Valley 19:1
Nevada 2:5-748
New Helvetia 18:7-4150; 18:20-4193
Prattville 19:3-Northern Enterprise, July 25
Reese River Area, Nevada 2:5-769, 2:5-770, 2:5-773
Round Valley -Development, etc. (Mendocino County) 1:5-130, 1:5-166; 1:8-280; 1:9-353
St. Joseph, Missouri 19:1
San Francisco Fire (?) (1850) 1:1-3
San Francisco Mint 7:2-2671
Santa Cruz 2:5-765
Shasta-Trinity Mountains (Names) 6:15-2476
Sierra Nevada Hotel -Howland Flat (Sierra County) 2:2-593
Sierra Nevada Range -Tablerock 17:20-4097
Soda Springs 19:3-National Republic
Stockton Five-Mile House (Run by a "John Bidwell"!) 7:11-2945
Tamalpais Cemetery 5:8-1937
Tehama County 5:12-2052
Virginia City 2:5-748

Politics

Candidate for Congress -1863-64 1:12-437
Candidate for Governor 1:13-489; 1:14-506; 3:2-1185; 3:5-1233; 8:5-3154 (defeated)-17:14-400; 17:15-4036
Candidate for President -Prohibition Party (1892) 18:13-4178
Candidate for U.S. Senate 19:3-February 14-Northern Enterprise; and May 16
Certification of Election as Representative to 39th Congress of U.S. 17:12-4021
Congressional Favors -Bidwell Lists of Union Supporters 3:2-1171, 3:2-1174, 3:2-1176, 3:2-1180
Consulate, Danish 6:15-2442
House Agricultural Committee 3:2-1208
Political Favors -(State Influence) 5:11-2034
Political Parties, Corruption of 18:13-4178
Republican State Central Committee -General 3:14-1554
Request Support of Prohibition Party 6:17-2534
Requests for Political Support 7:5-2792; 7:6-2817
39th Congress -Lists of Names for Public Documents 17:12-4022
Women's Right of Suffrage 18:13-4178

Politics - Federal

Abolition 1:1-9; 8:5-3148
Agrarian Movements 8:7-3186
Baltimore Convention 2:10-1011
Campaign of 1870 -Handbook 3:11-1440
Copperheads 2:4-711; 3:2-1158; 3:5-1223; 8:5-3152; 17:14-4033
Democratic National Convention, Delegate from California to and Later on Committee on Agriculture 19:3-National Republic and Bidwell Story
Democrats 18:6-4143; 18:8-4151 1:1-7; 6:15-2473
Election 1:1-5; 2:3-637
Mileage Committee (U.S. House of Representatives) 1866 3:2-1207
National Control of Utilities 18:13-4178 pages 11 and 12
Nevada, Statehood 2:5-748; 2:7-836, 2:7-860
Pro-Union 8:5-3148
Reconstruction 3:2-1181
Republican Party -Railroad (Connection) 7:7-2866, 7:7-2867
Republican Voting 1:3-28

Politics - Legislation (Federal)

Canal Bill, 1866 (Introduced by Bidwell) 3:5-1231
Census Law -1879 (in Memory of J. C. G. Kennedy) 5:3-1875; 6:16-2518
Dry Land Bill (Sponsored by Bidwell?) 8:5-3152
Health Amendment 7:7-2867
Homestead Bill (1864) 2:9-955, 2:9-959, 2:9-980
Interstate Commerce Bill 7:10-2901
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1:1-9
Mineral Rights Legislation and Concerns 3:2-1177
Protective Tariff 3:2-1200
"Sherman's Bill" (Mineral Rights?) 3:2-1171, 3:2-1176
Stamp Act 3:2-1181
Timber Lands Act (1878) 4:11-3322
Western Mines -Sale or Lease Bill 5:2-1176

Politics - Legislation (State)

Board of Railroad and Transportation Commissioners (Senate Bill 54) 5:14-2091
Anti-Gambling and Horseracing (Proposed Bill) 1885 6:19-2594, 6:19-2600
Assembly Bill No. 321 (State of California) 1866 3:2-1206; 3:5-1232
California Legislation 3:3-1221; 4:9-3261; 6:11-2259; 8:5-3136, 8:5-3146; 17:6-4010
Freeman Railroad Bill (1879) 5:8-1948
Horticulture, State Board of (Bill for Creation of) 1883 6:11-2259 General -6:16-2494, 6:16-2497
"No Fence Law" (Repeal of) 4:8-3261, 4:8-3266
Road Bill 2:10-1032
Senate Bill No. 54 (Org. of Railroad and Transportation Board) 5:14-2091

Politics - Local

Butte County 3:2-1185; 4:2-1575; 7:4-2749; 8:4-3095
Chico -Butte County Division 1:6-222
County Division Question -Butte -(1878) 4:8-3230, 4:8-3232
County Seat (move from Oroville to Chico) 19:3-Northern Enterprise, February 28
Humboldt County 8:5-3149
Union Party -Sutter County 3:2-1180

Politics - State

California Union Party 2:10-1019; 3:2-1174, 3:2-1185
Central Committee -District Convention (1852) 1:1-6
Capital (moving capital from Sacramento) 18:14-4180
Law (before statehood and during process of change) 18:15-4183
New State Constitution (1879) 5:4-1888; 5:6-1909; 18:15-4183
New Constitution (1880) 5:14-2105
Political Appointments 5:8-1946; 5:11-2034; 17:14-4033; 18:15-4183
Prohibition Party 6:17-2534; 7:7-2872; 7:10-2902; 7:11-2967; 7:12-2976
Republican Party 7:5-2761
Republican State Central Committee 7:5-2799
State Constitutional Convention (1878) 6:4-2157
Union State Central Committee 2:5-763
Postal Service (see Communication -Postal Service)
Prohibition (see Temperence)
Railroads (see Commerce -Railroads)

Ranches

Canon Ranch 18:8-4164
Connor Ranch 6:16-2513
Drake Ranch 6:19-2592
Little Butte Ranch 1:1-2
Loupvale Stock Ranch 8:1-3019
Rancho Bolsa de Chamisal 6:11-2272
Rancho Las Pulgas 1:1-13
Rancho Llano de Santa Rosa (California Land Grant) 3:2-1184
Rancho Carrel de Piedra de Pismo 6:11-2272
Stout Ranch 6:15-2471
Toomy Ranch (Butte County) 7:1-2631
Turkey Ranch and Chicken Ranch (northeast Chico) 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Vina Ranch 6:13-2354, 6:13-2384

Real Estate (see also Ranches)

Amount of Bidwell's Land -About 3,000 Acres 19:3-Reminiscences; 19:3-VF 4226
Assessment of Rancho Chico 1:1-16; 2:3-650
Bee Ranch 7:11-2934, 7:11-2949
Bidwell's Landing 1:13-466; 1:14-508; 2:2-568
Colusa Grant-Sold in 1849 19:3-Enterprise-Record, 1953, Bidwell Story; 19:3 VF 4226
Connor Tract (Prattville) 6:11-2280
Deer Park 7:3-2716
Description of Early Ranch 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Land Rental (and Lease) 6:2-2136, 6:2-2137; 6:15-2461; 7:2-2696; 7:5-2778; 7:11-2934
Mortgage -Bidwell's Property in Butte County -Taxes 1:4-79
Mortgages -Rancho Chico 3:5-1236; 3:14-1552
Real Estate Sales, etc. 3:11-1451; 4:5-1663, 4:5-1654; 4:14-1751; 5:7-1926; 7:10-2922; 8:1-2998, 8:1-3009, 8:1-3017; 8:2-3024; 17:2-4002
Restoration of Bidwell Mansion Furnishings

see also Bidwell -Personal -Mansion 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1957
Statement of Orchard and Ranch (1885) 7:6-2833
Taxes (Bidwell) 1857 1:1-16; 1:7-247; 2:4-701; 2:5-752; 6:8-2237; 17:20-4109; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, February 21

Religious Affairs (see also Temperance)

Appointment of Resident Minister to Sandwich Islands 3:2-1214
Bells 3:13-1545, 3:13-1547, 3:13-1548, 3:13-1549, 3:13-1550, 3:13-1551; 7:4-2734
California State Sabbath School Association 6:13-2359
Church Affairs -Chico 4:7-3249, 4:7-3259; 4:8-3260; 4:10-3308; 4:15-1777; 7:5-2755, 7:5-2788; 7:7-2879; 17:20-4100; 18:1-4414; 18:1-4116; Church Spire 18:1-4117; 18:1-4120; Church Finances 18:1-4120; Methodist Social 18:4-4133; 18:4-4134; Financial 18:2-129; 18:6-4143; 18:17-4186; 7:7-2879
Church Pews (from Bidwell) 7:3-2718
The Interior -Presbyterian Newspaper 7:5-2779
Methodist Episcopal Church (Chico) 7:1 2644; 8:3-3055
Mormon Religion 3:2-1196; 4:9-3276; 6:11-2276; 6:15-2472; 7:1-2640
Parsonage Construction, 1883 (Chico) 6:11 2279; 18:5-4141
The Presbyterian 12-2056
Presbyterian Church -Gridley 6:16-2503; 7:3-2714
Presbyterian Church -Los Angeles 5:14-2085; 6:5-2195; 6:15-2472
Presbyterian Church -Santa Anna (Established) 7:2-2667
Presbyterian Seminary 4:17-1806
Religious Affairs -Elsewhere 5:11-2013; 5:12-2047; 5:14-2085; 6:5-2189; 6:15-2468; 7:3-2702, 7:3-2708
Religious Fervor 4:15-1795, 4:15-1798; 5:12-2047; 7:3-2702; 17:20-4100
Religious Mission -Nord 6:15-2468
Religious Mission -Vina 6:15-2468
Religious Prejudice 3:12-1461; 6:15-2447
Sabbath -Ball Playing, Sentiment Against 8:2-3028
Sabbath -Closing of Fairs 18:13-4178; page 18
San Francisco Theological Seminary 7:11-2964
Seventh Day Adventists 5:10-1994
Theological Seminary (establishment in California) 7:1-2654
Roads (see Transportation -Roads)
Shipping (see Commerce -Shipping)
Stagecoaches (see Transportation -Stagecoaches and Wagons)
Telegraphs (see Communication -Telegraphs)

Temperance

Anti-Whiskey (Temperance) 6:15-2454; 7:11-2946; 8:2-3024, 8:2-3028; 18:1-4114
Drinking and Traveling -Concern for Drinkers 17:20-4108; 18:11-4176
Temperance Meeting 18:8-4153
Women's Christian Temperance Union 6:19-2591, 6:19-2598, 6:19-2602; 7:6-2847; 18:6-4145

Trades

Blacksmith Shop 18:6-4143
Blacksmiths 6:12-2334, 6:12-2344; 7:4-2747
Bricklayer 4:11-3294
Brickmaker, Need for 18:8-4160
Broom Making 5:11-2016, 5:11-2032
Butchers 6:18-2556
Butte County Butter and Cheese Makers 6:18-2557
Engineer -Wants to Come to Chico 8:2-3033
Shoemaker 4:8-3228
Soap Manufacturer (Chico) 4:12-3314; 4:17-1778
Wagon Making 6:18-2581
Watchmaker (for Chico) 8:4-3086
Wool Manufacturer from Scotland to Chico 6:17-2548; 6:18-2555

Transportation - Roads

Carr Hill Road 6:15-2451
Chico-Humboldt Road -Toll Keeper 6:12-2326; 6:13-2355, 6:13-2356
Chico-Prattville Road -Lease 6:5-2204
County Road Building 18:18-4187, 18:18-4189, 18:18-4190; 18:19-4191; 19:3-Northern Enterprise, March 14
Dogtown Road 8:4-3104
Humboldt Road (also Bidwell-Chico, Chico-Idaho) 1:4-109; 1:5-157; 1:6-227; 1:7-236; 1:8-331; 1:9-353; 1:10-382; 1:11 4109 417; 1:13-4449 454, 1:13-470, 1:13-4799 4809 481, 1:13-485; 1:14-4969 1:14-505, 1:14-508, 1:14-510; 2:1434, 541; 2:2-5689 5709 594; 2:5-70; 2:6-818; 2:77856; 2:8-946; 3:2-11679 1198, 1199; 4:10-3310; 5:1-1834; 6:12-2326; 7:1-2692; 8:4-3094, 30969 3097, 3099, 0019 3106, 3118, 31N, 3129, 3148; 17:11-4019
Little Butte Creek-Magalia Road 6:13-2360
North Point Road 7:4-27409 2741, 7:4-2744
Pacific Road 8:573145
Road Bond (1883) 6:13-2366
Road Conditions in Chico 17:20-4106; 18:1-4123; 18:4-4137; 18:6-4143
Road Construction -General 2:7-856; 3:8-1262; 4:13-3328; 6:14-2404; 17:11-4019
Road Crews -Supplies 11:13-480; 2:2-589
Rubbi Road (?) 6:15-2464
Surveying 1:1-2; 1:14-519; 3:2-1168; 4:16-1751; 6:14-2422; 18:8-4163
Tehama Road 19:3-Northern Enterprise, March 14
Truckee-Granite Creek Road 3:2-1159
Virginia City to "Desert" Mines Road 2:7-868
Willow Creek-Smoke Creek Road (proposed) 2:8-916
Woodville Road 1:5-172; 8:4-3104

Transportation - Stagecoaches and Wagons

Bidwell Stage Company 1:12-432; 1:13-454, 1:13-461, 1:13-471; 1:14-505; 2:3-676; 3:1-1154; 3:2-1193; 8:4-3101, 8:4-3110
California and Humboldt Wagon Road Company 2:10-1057; 3:2-1159
California Stage Company 1:3-26; 1:13-461; 2:8-941; 8:2-3057
Carriage Condition and Scheduling 17:20-4106; 17:20-4108
Carriage Rental 6:5-2196
Idaho Stage Line 3:1-1152, 3:1-1154; 3:2-1165, 3:2-1198, 3:2-1199, 3:2-1211, 3:2-1218; 3:5-1223, 3:5-1224
Northern California Stage Line 1:1-7; 1:6-232; 17:18-4054; 17:20-4097; 17:20-4102
Wagons 2:2-574, 2:2-595, 2:2-596, 2:2-598, 2:2-610; 2:3-644, 2:3-649, 2:3-652, 2:3-676, 2:3-680; 2:4 690; 2:11-1099

Transportation - Water

Paying Passage (steamships by hauling wood) 19:4-Life of Bidwell for Elementary Schools, Fifth Grade
Reese River Canal 2:8-889, 2:8-891
Reese River Traffic 2:4-727; 2:5-730
Sacramento River Trade 1:5-139, 1:5-170
Steamboat "Banner" 1:5-145, 1:5-158; 1:6-181, 1:6-182, 1:6-189, 1:6-221; 1:9-368
Steam Navigation Company (California) 1:11-413; 1:12-435; 2:10-1048
Wagons (see Transportation Stagecoaches and Wagons)
Water (see Transportation Water)

Weather (and related)

Drought 5:13-2068; 6:11-2289
Earthquakes 3:7-1237; 4:16-1811; 8:5-3136
Floods 1:5-140, 1:5-155; 3:1-1155; 3:2-1159; 4:7-3254; 7:8-2889; 8:7-3192
Florida Citrus (damage by freeze, 1886) 7:5-2783
Frost (Crop Damage) 5:13-2060; 6:2-2131; 7:8-2890, 7:8-2893
Hail -Chico and Vicinity 7:8-2890
Rainfall 4:4-1600; 4:8-3263; 4:16-1811; 5:3-1869; 6:11-2291; 6:12-2301; 7:7-2872; 7:8-2889
Snowfall -Butte Creek, Big Meadows 1:9-7349, 1:9-360, 1:9-369
Snowfall -Chico and Vicinity 7:8-2890
Stock Losses -Due to Severe Weather 7:8-2890,2891
Water Shortage 2:5-733, 2:5-747; 2:6-796; 2:9-976; 6:15-2439; 7:7-2872
Winter (cold) 4:8-3263; 7:8-2889, 7:8-2890

Wildlife (see also Insects)

Antelope 7:3-2716
California Mountain Quail 7:3-2703
California Vulture 6:12-2305
Caribou-Blacktail Deer Cross 6:14-2410
Caribou Deer 6:14-2398, 6:14-2410
Deer 6:12-2298; 6:14-2390, 6:14-2401; 7:11-2958; 8:1-3005; 19:3-Enterprise Record, 1953
Hides -Furs 6:8-2241
Homo Nevadensis Harkness 6:12-2346

Container List

 

Ranch Correspondence and Files (selective)

 

1849-1863

Additional Note

14 Fds.
Box Box 1 , Folder Fd. 1

A. H. Stout, 10/22/50, explaining his difficulty establishing himself in ranching. A local rancher who was forced to work in the mines to try to pay his debts.

 

Elias Bidwell, November, 1854. Shows the latest news of births, deaths and movements of the Bidwell family in the Midwest.

 

John E. Stocton, 1/16/57. From an experienced farmer who discusses the possibilities and problems of growing hedge plants in the local area. A detailed description of agricultural methods.

Folder Fd. 2

Account book 1861-1863.

Folder Fd. 3

Business letters.

Folder Fd. 4

Business letters from customers, some of whom complain about rise in flour prices.

 

D. D. Harris, 10/23/61, describes problems of shipping goods over wet roads during the winter months.

Folder Fd. 5

Thomas Buckley, 4/14/62, on a military expedition in Southern California. Calls Mexicans in the area "lazy," and their style of life and agricultural methods are termed "primitive."

 

D. D. Harris, 6/20/62 inquires about road conditions.

 

William Magee, 6/26/62, tells of the founding of Redding, California.

Folder Fd. 6

N. B. Jacobs, 7/16/62, praising the quality of Bidwell's wine.

 

J. M. Cunnard, 7/26/62, a sharp attack on two of the local politicians. In another letter dated 8/18/62, Cummard again discusses politics and asks Bidwell's support for friend's election to office.

Folder Fd. 7

Thomas Buckley, 9/10/62, from a member of a regiment of California volunteers who went away to Ft. Yuma.

Folder Fd. 8

G. M. Hanson, 10/28/62, asks permission to locate a of Indians on Bidwell's land and provide them with some food. Shows one of the problems Indians encountered as a result of the Civil War.

 

J. H. Voorhess, 12/3/62, asks the possibility of establishing a school in Chico. However, in a later correspondence, 12/28/62, she decides against the project because there are too few students to justify the expense.

 

Dow Vincent, 12/27/62, inquires as to the route of a new road Bidwell plans to construct. He is also considering planting fruit trees in the Susanville area.

Folder Fd. 9

A. G. Toomes, 1/5/63, tells of possible corruption in California politics as reported in a local newspaper.

 

Faulkner and Son, 1/2/63, and 1/19/63. Business transaction and the establishment of a newspaper in Chico.

 

William Gouveneur Morris, 1/31/63, asks Bidwell's assistance in locating an escaped criminal thought to be in the Chico area. Mentions the use of Alcatraz Island as a prison.

Folder Fd. 10

T. G. Phelps, 2/23/63, the U.S. Congressman advises Bidwell of the legal status of the Chico-Humbolt Road.

Folder Fd. 11

Miscellaneous Correspondence, March 1863.

Folder Fd. 12

P. A. McRae, 4/3/63, suggests Bidwell go to Oroville to discuss undefined Indian trouble with Judge Beatty.

 

J. H. Voorhess, 4/25/63, further negotiations in the establishment of a public school in Chico.

 

P. A. McRae, 4/30/63, asks Bidwell to run for Congress as a member of the Union Party.

Folder Fd. 13

J. F. Eddy, 5/63, a list of Indian boys sent to work for Bidwell. Many of them need clothing.

 

Henry Landit, 5/22/63, more on Indian labor and some of the underhanded tactics that are used to hire them.

 

A. M. Heslep, 5/29/63, he has given Bidwell's name, among others, as a possible gubernatorial candidate.

Folder Fd. 14

G. M. Hanson, 6/3/63, requests a shipment of flour to Round Valley; half is to be of good quality for the Whites, the other half a low-grade flour for the Indians.

 

July 1863-September 1864

Additional Note

13 Fds.
Box Box 2 , Folder Fd. 1

Includes a series of letters written between 7/26/63 and 7/31/63 expressing concern over a possible Indian uprising which according to P. A. McRae, 7/31/63, ultimately led to soldiers being sent to the Chico area for protection.

Folder Fd. 2

Irvin Ames and James Luce, 8/15/63, offer Bidwell the post of Brigadier-General in the California Militia. Irvin Ames, 8/24/63, has sent a petition to Governor Stanford asking that Bidwell be appointed Brigadier-General. He assures Bidwell that there will be little opposition to the move. A copy of the petition is enclosed. R. W. Durham, 8/28/63, is upset because his Indians want to leave and go to the reservation. He asks Bidwell to intercede on his behalf.

 

G. M. Hanson, 8/29/63, the Indian agent asks Bidwell to remove his Indians from the county because of the danger of irate citizens.

Folder Fd. 3

S. M. Sproul, 9/2/63, a physician who wants to accompany the Indians being removed so he can care for the sick.

 

G. M. Hanson, 9/3/63, does not like the attitude of Butte County citizens on Indians. In his next letter, 9/9/63, he talks of his problems in supervising the Indian removal and thanks Bidwell for his help.

 

John Hatch, 9/18/63, congratulates Bidwell on his new rank of General.

 

G. M. Hanson, 9/28/63, suggests a method whereby Bidwell may acquire Indian labor.

Folder Fd. 4

Miscellaneous Correspondence. Mainly business letters.

Folder Fd. 5

Thomas Buckley, 11/11/63, an interesting comment on military life in the California militia, especially the pay system for officers.

Folder Fd. 6

Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Folder Fd. 7

J. M. Cunnard, 1/5/64, gives his opinion of the proposed statehood of Nevada and its possible effect on mining operations there.

 

F. F. Low, 1/31/64, a brief note from the Governor of California in response to a letter from Bidwell. He has turned the matter over to the legislature.

Folder Fd. 8

B. B. Brown, 2/26/64 and 2/29/64, is chasing a group of Indians who have apparently been causing problems in his area. Thanks Bidwell for his assistance in the matter.

Folder Fd. 9

T. Buckley, 3/15/64, a report of a military exercise in Humboldt County which is an area of recent Indian hostilities. A good description of Humboldt Bay and the difficulty in landing there. Captain Buckley's company was sent to find a group of Indians who raided and burned a farmhouse at Arcata. Bad weather forced him to call off his search.

Folder Fd. 10

G. F. Price, 4/3/64, Bidwell has been selected as a delegate to the National Convention of the Union Party in Baltimore. Price hopes unanimous support will be given to Lincoln.

Folder Fd. 11

Miscellaneous business letters.

Folder Fd. 12

George C. Perkins, 6/9/64, is having trouble selling Bidwell's flour to his customers because of its poor quality. He is being forced to use flour from Oroville.

Folder Fd. 13

Bidwell to D. D. Harris, 12/3/64, written while a member of Congress. Includes instructions for work to be done on the mansion at Chico, and for the planting of vines on the ranch.

 

October 1965-July 1876

Additional Note

13 Fds.
Box Box 3 , Folder Fd. 1

A series of five letters from Bidwell to D. D. Harris, 10/10/65. While on ship off the coast of Acapulco, he acknowledges the failure of the Idaho Stage Line, and inquires as to the status of the Mansion. In a letter on 11/27/65, Bidwell tries to see some good results from the Idaho Stage Line operation and outlines plans for entering into another company.

Folder Fd. 2

A. E. Hooker, 1/20/66, on a military expedition along road to Idaho. Plans to attack the Indians during the winter so they can be more easily "exterminated." Forty have already been killed with women and children taken prisoner. This folder contains a great deal of correspondence from constituents asking for political favors from Bidwell in his role as U.S. Congressman.

Folder Fd. 3

John Mullan, 2/4/66, calls for a telegraph line between Chico and the Idaho mining district. Outlines the scope of the mining operations there. On 2/5/66, Mullan writes another letter on the same subject.

Folder Fd. 4

A series of letters from Bidwell to D. D. Harris.

Folder Fd. 5

P. J. Mervin, 5/27/67, run for Governer

Folder Fd. 6

Two letters from Anne Bidwell to her mother, 11/9/68 and 11/16/68, describing her new life as Bidwell's wife, and her trip to San Francisco.

Folder Fd. 7

John Kennedy, 1/1/69, Annie's brother has come to California and writes his mother the life at Chico. He has been employed on Bidwell's ranch.

Folder Fd. 8

Business letters, many of which pertain to the sale and shipment of flour.

Folder Fd. 9

Payments and business transactions.

Folder Fd. 10

Business letters. Market for flour is good. Prices are climbing.

Folder Fd. 11

A letter written anonymously from a man Bidwell identifies as W. Agate, 8/12/70, chastizes Bidwell for selling flour to a democratic Catholic Irishman.

Folder Fd. 12

Business letters. Continuing a strong flour market

Folder Fd. 13

Chart dated July, 1876, shows the monthly wheat in San Francisco. For a ten year period.

 

March 1877-December 1878

Additional Note

16 Fds.
Box Box 4 , Folder Fd. 1

Albert Williams, 3/2/77, asks Bidwell for his opinion on the possibility of silk manufacture in California.

Folder Fd. 2

J. H. Stinson, 4/25/77, advocates the use of science in agriculture.

 

E. C. Spencer, 4/30/77, asks Bidwell's advice and support in an upcoming state election.

Folder Fd. 3

William J. Daly, 5/22/77, complains that the irrigation of Bidwell's trees is causing sickness among his family. He asks Bidwell to reduce the amount of irrigation.

 

R. B. Blowers, 5/28/77, explains the method and economics of drying fruit used on his farm.

Folder Fd. 4

Contains three letters from the Pacific Detective Bureau which is investigating a murder in Chico. Most of the comment is a complaint about the poor treatment the firm is receiving from the Chico.Record.

Folder Fd. 5

William LeDuc of the Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C., 8/30/77. Wants information on the possiblity of introducing tropical plants in California. He asks if Bidwell is interested in experimenting with tea. Later, 12/22, LeDuc informs Bidwell that he has sent some sugar cane to Chico experimental purposes.

Folder Fd. 6

A document read to the U.S. Senate in 1878 by Joseph C. G. Kennedy, Bidwell's father-in-law, as an argument against bills which would restrict the immigration of Chinese into the U.S. A long and interesting insight into racial problems in California. It also shows the economic importance of Chinese labor.

Folder Fd. 7

Several references to Egyptian corn.

Folder Fd. 8

W. B. West, 3/11/78, is disappointed with his experiment with Muscatelle Gordo Blanco grapes.

Folder Fd. 9

Several people request employment.

Folder Fd. 10

J. W. Ellis, 5/18/78, asks Bidwell to make an additional sacrifice and become an Elder in the Presbyterian Church for the good of its members in Northern California.

Folder Fd. 11

W. G. LeDuc, 6/5/78, from the Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture on experimental agriculture. Among other projects, he wants to grow coffee seeds in the Gulf Coast States.

Folder Fd. 12

W. G. LeDuc, 7/16/78, thanks Bidwell for his cooperation in experimental agriculture. His next project will be to introduce plants from Japan into California.

Folder Fd. 13

W. H. Muny. A series of letters from Muny on the subject of Bidwell's sending fruit samples for competition in the Mechanics Fair in San Francisco.

Folder Fd. 14

Haley, an Indian in prison at San Quentin in a letter to his brother, 9/1/78, describes Bidwell as his friend, and hopes he can do something to get him a pardon.

Folder Fd. 15

P. A. McRae, 10/30/78, advises Bidwell to speculate in wheat due to the possibility of war in Europe. Makes note of the fact that Bidwell's wheat has recently won the gold medal at the Paris Exposition.

Folder Fd. 16

J. C. G. Kennedy, 12/5/78, is trying to secure Bidwell a loan of $100,000.

 

J. B. Townsend, 12/22/78. Asks for information on a ship captain Bidwell may have known thirty years before.

 

February 1879-October 1880

Additional Note

16 Fds.
Box Box 5 , Folder Fd. 1

Personal and business letters.

Folder Fd. 2

J. W. Campbell, 2/10/79, asks Bidwell to experiment with Australian wheat he has sent, and to send him a report of the results.

Folder Fd. 3

Robert Williamson, 3/31/79, tries to interest Bidwell in planting some of his orange trees in Chico.

Folder Fd. 4

C. H. Dwinelle of the University of California, 4/3/79, thanks Bidwell for helping their agricultural program, and asks his further assistance in the classification of different types of grain. The Merchant's Protective Association sends a bulletin stating their unanimous opposition to the proposed new constitution of 1879.

Folder Fd. 5

J. S. Harbison, 5/20/79, his experiment with honey production

Folder Fd. 6

H. W. Cleaveland, 6/2/79, notes that the new constitution has passed.

Folder Fd. 7

W. M. Butts sends an interesting advertisment for a fruit, vegetable, and hop dryer.

 

E. A. Carman, 7/21/79. From the Department of Agriculture inquiring about Bidwell's experiments with Peruvian potatoes that he is conducting for them.

Folder Fd. 8

J. W. Campbell, 8/1/79, asks for a report on the Australian wheat experiments.

 

W. G. LeDuc, 8/9/79. From the Department of Agriculture asking for a sample of wheat rust to be submitted for analysis.

Folder Fd. 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Folder Fd. 10

Includes several requests for muskmelon or casaba seeds from Bidwell after articles had been written about them in several Northern California newspapers.

Folder Fd. 11

G. C. Pearson, 11/18/79, has recently seen John Sutter in Pennsylvania and talked with him about his early days in California. This is shortly before Sutter's death.

Folder Fd. 12

A. Woodhull, 12/29/79, he is sending some samples of Eastern sorghum to Bidwell for experimental purposes.

Folder Fd. 13

This folder contains letters written by J. S. Sherman from March 1878 to November 1879

Folder Fd. 14

H. W. Cleaveland, 1/31/80, says the new State Constitution has brought confusion and distress to labor and industry.

 

B. S. Brooks, 3/31/80, talks of the problems of the Chinese in California.

Folder Fd. 15

Miscellaneous letters, requests for seeds etc.

Folder Fd. 16

C. H. Dwinelle, 10/18/80, a thorough report on plant diseases and possible ways to prevent them. From the University of California at Berkeley. Includes sketches of various plant pests. A good description of agriculture

 

January 1881-March 1885

Additional Note

Also some correspondence from 1878-80. 19 Fds.
Box Box 6 , Folder Fd. 1

Contains three letters from George Burchard who served along with Bidwell in the Mexican War, and now wants his back pay from the U.S. Government. Gives details of his participation in the War.

Folder Fd. 2

Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Folder Fd. 3

November 28, 1881 one of Bidwell's ranch workers writes an anonymous letter complaining of poor working conditions. He says men are forced to sleep in the barn

Folder Fd. 4

John A. Turner, 10/8/78, sends some samples of Australian Eucalyptus seeds.

 

C. H. Dwinelle, 12/26/78, University of California sends acorns and carob beans.

Folder Fd. 5

C. H. Dwinelle, 10/13/79, invites Bidwell to spend a day with him at the University of California, the next time he is in the San Francisco area. He is sure Bidwell can give some sound agricultural advice.

Folder Fd. 6

Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Folder Fd. 7

A series of letters from F. K. Simonds who has had a disagreement with Bidwell over his employment. In reply 7/18/81, Bidwell denies that he is as wealthy as most people believe him to be.

Folder Fd. 8

Edgar B. Carroll, 10/7/81, informs Bidwell of the prizes won for his farm products at the California State Fair.

Folder Fd. 9

Business letters.

Folder Fd. 10

A single item from C. Faulkner, 6/27/81, regarding interest rates.

Folder Fd. 11

I. N. Hoag, 1/2/83, the leader of the Anti-Debris Association describes poor river conditions between Marysville and Sacramento. Ships drawing 16 inches of water find navigation difficult. Bidwell has given money to the Association.

 

J. Protheroe, 2/2/83, plans to introduce ostriches into California and wants Bidwell to subscribe to the project. Also wants Bidwell to make some of his land available.

 

W.B. Alwood, 3/17/83, Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station asks for samples of Bidwell's corn

Folder Fd. 12

Business and personal letters.

Folder Fd. 13

A. Abbott, 8/25/83, a note on the conflict between agricultural and mining interests in Northern California. The controversy is whether or not rivers should be dammed, and hydraulic mining continued.

Folder Fd. 14

C. H. Dwinelle, 11/12/83, the University of California sends acorn samples from the English Oak for Bidwell to try.

 

S. S. Tuttle, 12/20/83, a former employee complains about his treatment. He also says there is a great difference between rich and poor in the discharge of debts.

Folder Fd. 15

Ah Kun, 1/19/84, a former employee says that Bidwell has always been kind to her and her countrymen, but that one of his foremen has consistently cheated them.

 

W. E. Read, 1/24/84, from the U.S. Indian Service. Read knows of Bidwell's interest in Indian matters, and asks his opinion on establishing an Indian Training School.

 

Henry L. Oak of the Bancroft Library, 2/5/84, asks for information about some early Californians.

Folder Fd. 16

W. E. Read, 5/17/84, asks if Bidwell would like to send any Indians from his ranch to training school. On 6/23/84, Read gives Mrs. Bidwell his observations on the Indians' response to religious instruction. On 6/30/84, Read says Bidwell's ranch Indians compare favorably at school with those from the reservation. He also further states his policy regarding their suitability for employment, and his desire to keep Indians away from evil influences.

Folder Fd. 17

Miscellaneous Correspondence. Two letters asking for political support.

Folder Fd. 18

W. E. Read, 12/5/84, reports the progress being made in school by the Indians from Bidwell's ranch and describes general conditions at the school.

Folder Fd. 19

Reverend Rice, 1/22/85 and 1/30/85, asks Bidwell's support in banning horseracing from the California State Fair.

 

April 1885-December 1887

Additional Note

12 Fds.
Box Box 7 , Folder Fd. 1

Includes several requests for employment. There is evidence of racial tension, Afro-Americans write Bidwell about problems

 

D. Madigan, 5/23/85, claims to have killed 197 rabbits on Bidwell's property by hunting with dogs. Asks permission to continue the practice.

 

W. E. Read, 6/5/85, further reports on the Indian school.

Folder Fd. 2

T. F. Willsey of the U.S. Indian Service, 8/10/85, complains of lack of government support for the Round Valley Indian Reservation

Folder Fd. 3

W. E. Read, 12/28/85, wants to move the Indian School to a more suitable location at Banning. Asks Bidwell for his help in doing this. He believes the children will have better opportunities in another area.

Folder Fd. 4

F. A. Bee, the Chinese Consulate, 2/27/86, is being harassed by anti-Chinese agitation which he calls an outrage. Also mentions a boycott. He asks Bidwell for samples of his flour.

Folder Fd. 5

F. A. Bee, Chinese Consulate, 5/3/86, promises to take strong action against those responsible for the anti-Chinese boycott. One case is already pending before the Supreme Court in Washington, D.C.

 

E. N. Blake, 5/25/86, argues against the eight-hour day for workers. He says it would make prices go up and give workers two hours of idle time in which to fall into temptation.

 

O. B. Bidwell, 5/25/86, John Bidwell's opinions on the Chinese questions have been well received in Freeport, Illinois, and his views have been published in the local newspaper.

Folder Fd. 6

M. Cooke, 7/30/86, talks of the damage done to northern California agriculture by the Hessian Fly.

 

G. W. Clements, 8/28/86, an Indian youth complains of his treatment at the Indian school. He says the children are ill-clothed and living worse than camp Indians. He wants to learn a trade and be allowed to work, but he is being denied this opportunity at the school. He asks Bidwell to intercede on his behalf.

 

C. Hartson, 9/15/86 and 9/25/86, bitterly denounces the powerful railroad lobby led by Stephen Gage.

Folder Fd. 7

The publishers of the Sacramento Record Union, 10/16/86, ask Bidwell's help in promoting Northern and Central California so that more people from the East will settle there. They also want Bidwell to subscribe to their newspaper.

Folder Fd. 8

Miscellaneous letters written while Bidwell is spending the winter in Washington, D.C.

Folder Fd. 9

A ledger of nursery sales for 1886-1887.

Folder Fd. 10

W. E. Read, 5/2/87, the Indian school has been closed

Folder Fd. 11

Personal and business letters.

Folder Fd. 12

Two letters from R. W. Waterman, Governor of California,

 

January-June 1888, and earlier correspondence

Additional Note

7 Fds.
Box Box 8 , Folder Fd. 1

J. L. Bowens, 1/5/88. A former Chico resident of Chico now farming in Virginia, offers to exchange some seeds and plants with Bidwell.

 

H. K. Pettygrove, 2/14/88, sends samples of his fig trees, free of charge, for Bidwell's experimentation.

 

A. A. Hibbard, 3/10/88, tells of an epidemic of spinal meningitis in the Chico area, at least one man has died.

Folder Fd. 2

B. N. Rowley, 4/24/88, asks Bidwell's opinion on the employment of Chinese laborers. Wants to get an amendment of the Restriction Act if he can gain enough support.

Folder Fd. 3

Business letters.

Folder Fd. 4

L. H. Voorheys, 3/7/63, wants to start a school in Chico if a suitable building can be found. This folder contains several letters on road construction and staging operations.

Folder Fd. 5

B. B. Brown, 2/27/64, on an Indian hunting expedition, but has not found any yet. Asks for more guns and ammunition.

 

C. Baltby, 12/12/65, a lengthy report on Indian affairs in California written to Bidwell in Washington. Maltby believes the reservation system is the best policy if it is administered wisely. He is the Superintendent of Indian Affairs for California.

 

W. G. Morris, 11/26/66, wants to know Bidwell's plans for the upcoming gubernatorial contest.

Folder Fd. 6

A list of correspondents during 1865-66.

Folder Fd. 7

J. C. Burch, 9/16/76, hopes Bidwell supports Tilden in the presidential election. An enclosed newspaper clipping indicates that he does support Tilden.

 

Diaries of John Bidwell (1864-1900)

 

Diaries, 1864-1871

Additional Note

7 Fds.
Box Box 9 , Folder Fd. 1

1864 Accounts of visit to New York and Washington, D.C., around Panama aboard to Constitution and Champion; republican convention nominating Abraham Lincoln; visited U. S. Grant and John Houston; obtained pass to visit the front of the Civil War (place unknown); returned to Chico via Salt Lake City and saw Brigham Young.

Folder Fd. 2 (microfilm)

1865 (Bidwell was elected to Congress in 1865; this portion of the Diary chronicles 1865-1866). Mentions arrival and efforts to find accommodations in Washington; several bills worked upon--those of the California and Oregon Railroad bill--the P.R.R. (Railroad), (introduced by Bidwell), bill--the "San Francisco" bill--Civil Rights bill passed introduced bill to establish mail routes and reforced to a land bill (?); visited U. S. Grant; Bancroft's Eulogy on Abraham Lincoln; mentions Frederick Douglas lecture.

Folder Fd. 3

1886 August 22-September 1866--brief notes on Ireland with Senator Conness (?)--embound from Jersey City on Java Conard line to Queenstown, Ireland--describes agriculture and livestock, trees and shrubs of visit. A reminiscence of John Bidwell written by Annie E. K. Bidwell is written in mind of the diary for 1866.

Folder Fd. 4

1868 John Bidwell married Annie E. Kennedy in April of 1868. This diary mentions his journey to Washington, D.C. and wedding plans plus their return to Chico via New York to San Francisco. Ranch concerns--especially lumber. Ned Buntline mentioned; "burning" at the rancheria.

Folder Fd. 5

1869 Lunar and solar eclipse mentioned, Bidwell hires more labor--meeting of Humboldt Wagon Road Commission.

Folder Fd. 6

1870 Black men hired on the ranch, several "hundred" Chinamen came to work on the railroad, six Chinamen came to work on rancho for Jon Tim (employed by Bidwell)--mentions first railroad train to come into Chico and that Charles Crocker was on board--names recorded included Rev. Buchanan, John R. Preston (trial) George F. Jones (in regard to "Chinatown Business")--General Sherman in Sacramento--Foundation of Bidwell Presbterian Church laid--Railroad Commission in Chico--bricks laid for church--Sacramento Agricultural Society Annual Fair.

 

Agricultural Pavillion Block; labor problems.

Folder Fd. 7

1871 Mentions murder of Dr. J.C. Cory; Chico's Chinatown; U.S. Marshall attempting to get Farwell Grant?; Cherokee murder of Suzie McDaniels; gas lighting or home and mill fire "views" of Chico received; trip to San Francisco and Yosemite; visit of Japanese princes to Chico Hotel; mentions Susan B. Anthony, Mr. Cleveland, Chester Robinson, and Ah Sun; new Chinatown area to be built; Chicago Relief Fund; the Good Templars Orphan Asylum.

 

Diaries, 1872-1877

Additional Note

6 Fds.
Box Box 10 , Folder Fd. 1

1872 New Chinatown built; earthquake (March 26); Indian "ground burn" at Butte Creek, Sacramento-San Francisco Trips.

Folder Fd. 2

1873 Dome Indian and Chinese workers on the ranch; fire in Chico Store (Weed's); new Chinatown burned; Indian "Sam" death in Sandy Gulch and trial of Huduse and Boots (guilty); some of the people mentioned are Judge Hallet, Indian "Daniel Webster," Mr. Sawyer, Reverend Jabez Walker of Scotland," Robert E. Warren.

Folder Fd. 3

1874 Hired several laborers mostly Chinese and American Indians (and describes work being done--digging up trees); celebration of Fifteenth Amendment by "colored people" of the state, tore down old adobe house; trespassing on the rancho; some of the people mentioned: one, Ah Cue, Reverend W. C. McDougall, Ah Tone, Francisco (Indian), Mr. Wilson, Captain Gose Jones, Wenocuh (Indian Chief, died July 4), Colonel Lewis (surveyor), R. Rice, Chinaman Jack, Ah Hooey; fire in Shearer's stable (destroyed one-and-a-half blocks); "Colusa" Indians called

Folder Fd. 4

1875 Marysville flood; earthquake in Chico; trip to Washington, D.C.; writes concerning his Chinese help; labor problems and hiring; with help of surveyor and Indian help, surveyed the northern line of the grant with solar compass; fire in Chinatown; mentions the annual meeting of stockholders of Chico and Humboldt Wagon Road and named elected officers--John E. Carter to take charge of road for one year; two Chinese men Yee Kee and Charles Ah Woh visit bringing gifts? Annie's class with the rancheria Indians mentioned, they are given a feast and presents at Christmas.

Folder Fd. 5

1876 Mentions the bringing of many Chinese workers, and then jobs on the rancho; visitation of many Indians to the house; fire in Chico at saloon next to Wards and Fordham's store; eclipse of the sun (March 25); temperance lecture at the Methodist Episcopal Church; Indian dance observed; missionaries preaching to Indians; Chinamen used to dig up trees (problems with breach of contract); Eighth Street in Chico being extended; rancho problems with Chinamen eating food; mentions trip to the east by train and "Northfield robbers--(Northfield, Minnesota--one dead, three alive but wounded on the same train); Chinese threatened by blackmail.

Folder Fd. 6

1877 Anti-Chinese movement strong--both Chinatowns set on fire; lawsuit against Yee Kee and Ah Hong; first issue of Daily Evening Record published; six Chinamen shot, three killed and two wounded at Lemm ranch; Citizens' Committee formed to quell Chinese violence; Bidwell blackmailed again publishes exposition of anti-Chinese in newspaper; arrest made in Chinese murder, not indicted; Bidwell's carpenter shop set on fire--arson trial of W. G. Roberts; fire in Chico, east side of Main between Second and Third Streets; soap factory burned down; Yee Kee house burned; Albert G. Gatschert canes, letter about Indians from John Sutter; went to Mt. Shasta with John Muir and Sir Joseph Hooker-camp Grey Bear Spring--Sisson, McCloud, Cinder Cone, visited; hay barn burned; west side surveying being dome river wad, Meridian; two threatening anti-Chinese letters; labor problems-mentions Chinese workers, women, Indians.

 

Diaries, 1878-1882

Additional Note

5 Fds.
Box Box 11 , Folder Fd. 1

1878 More description of Chinese in the county, especially the Oroville flood in January, mention of Chico and Humboldt Wagon Road; Sierra Flume and Lumber Company Dump and Factory burned.

Folder Fd. 2

1879 Comments on California's new constitution; Chinese laborers and cemetery, Indian names mentioned; James Keefer, Jr. and Edward Chapman killed Chinese men--Bidwell and Indians pursue--visited by Keefer.

Folder Fd. 3

1880 Inauguration and reception for Governor Perkins; John Muir's visit to Chico; large part of Flume collapsed; Indians drunk; President Hays visit; more accounts of Chinese laborers and life in Chico.

Folder Fd. 4

1881 Floods in Butte Creek and Deer Creek, bridges gone; Indians receiving illegal alcohol; Henry Swearingen Murcher, more Chinese accounts.

Folder Fd. 5

1882 Cyclone near Chico--damage to H.G. Silver's home and "Bryants" born; legal holiday for anti-Chinese purpose; Indian and Chinese laborers; Chico Hotel and Armory Hall burned; John Muir buying trees; Indian Chapel dedicated.

 

Diaries, 1883-1888

Additional Note

6 Fds.
Box Box 12 , Folder Fd. 1

1883 Chico and Humboldt Wagon Roads; incorporation papers--board of supervisors asked for franchise; Thomes Estate (Catler's decree); railroad wreck in Tehachapis' Hugh Glenn shot and killed; made North Vallombrosa road; Barnnard's Livery Stable burned--Syvan's Mickey arrested; new mill demy built. Sandy Gulch bridge built; laid out Front Street; H. W. Cleaveland plans for parsonage; Big Chico Creek Bridge built; new road to Magalia granted for by board of supervisors; anti-debris business; Indian breakfast in honor of the dead also a burning Indian labor Ladies Christian Temperance Union organized by Mary Clement Leavitt, clearing mud and Chico Creek.

Folder Fd. 2

1884 Emily Pit Stevens temperance lectures; clearing mud and Chico Creeks; improvements in land and irrigation; form elections; Indian deaths; Band of Hope organized; Horticultural Society organized by Dr. Chapin (State Horticultural Office); Indian band; W. E. Read and Indian students; prohibition meetings, flour mill burned and other evidence of foul play; flood at Ranch; washout of railroad bridge between Marysville and Feather River.

Folder Fd. 3

1885 Built new mill, open horse racing; James Keefer acquitted of murder; Leland Stanford was elected U.S. Senator; Chico Foundry burned; Indian labor; extension of railway; grasshoppers bad; "Proclamation" to the Indians; temperance movement increasing in county; flume broke flooded some of the town; lot of rain--bridges settling and falling; Daniel Bidwell purchased land north of Sandy Gulch; ranch business.

Folder Fd. 4

1886 Heavy wind and rains; much in the way of anti-Chinese problems; prohibition; Children's Missionary Society formed; Old Chinatown burned; Indian responsibilities; Junction Hotel burned; black man connected with burglary. Annie visited in jail; laid out house for Indian Church; Indians arrived home from Middletown.

Folder Fd. 5

1887 Journey to East--President Cleveland to Liverpool, London, England; Normal School ground surveyed and cleared and executed; ranch and farm business; fire at Mazy Grove, Hong Di lynched at Colusa; Joseph Kennedy assassinated in Washington; to Red Bluff to pick brick for Normal School; Reverend Albert Williams called to get information about Fremont's connection with Bear Flag movement in 1846; Normal School let; Oregon Overland train collision in Chico; new Chinatown planned; Daniel Bidwell died; placing for Chico Vecino; roads made in Chico Vecino; fire on East side of Broadway between First and Second Streets.

Folder Fd. 6

1888 Sale of Chico Vecino lots; Daniel Bidwell's estate; more work on Normal School; Overland Monthly photographs taken; prohibition state convention nominates Bidwell for prohibition ticket; small pox in the area; canning accident Madge Clark hurt; anti-Chinese problems; Anne Bidwell reported to have consumption; Anne in Auburn for health, then to Aurora Mine, still ill.

 

Diaries, 1889-1894

Additional Note

5 Fds.
Box Box 13 , Folder Fd. 1

1889 Solar eclipse; Vecino map finished; trip east; reception for Leland Stanford and party; surveyed Rancheria Lane; Sacramento flood stage.

Folder Fd. 2

1890 Chinese New Year; laid out Normal School grounds; many Prohibition meetings; trip to Alaska; trip to Northwest Coast; trip to Yellowstone; campaign trip in California; Indian laborers.

Folder Fd. 3

1891 Petition drives and discussions against houses of prostitution in Chico; Indian laborers.

Folder Fd. 4

1892 Indian laborers; Indian ceremonies at Princeton; closing channel discussed; electric light plant in the canyon; Normal School faculty went to rancheria to hold services; Annie's brother Joseph M. Kennedy found dead in Patapsco River; accepted nomination for presidency; under doctor's care for neuralgia.

Folder Fd. 5

1893 Annie distributed clothes at rancheria; scarlet fever at the Normal School; physiculture exercises; fire at the Glenn Ranch; Chinese workers; Indians on rancheria; trip east to Washington.

Folder Fd. 6

1894 Building Lindo Way with Chinese and Indian labor; Women's Christian Temperance Union convention in county; made levee's on the channel; meeting of Normal School Trustees in Los Angeles; Lee Man murder trial (killed "mulato" man)--acquitted; Prohibition State Convention; Indian women and relations with Annie; Anti-Chinese meetings and processions--Women's Anti-Chinese League; hobo Anti-Chinese Committee threats--leave or else; letter to Governor Markham about expulsion of Chinese on September 1.

 

Diaries, 1895-1900

Additional Note

6 Fds.
Box Box 14 , Folder Fd. 1

1895 Anti-Liquor League at town hall; petition against uniform license law; suffrage bill passed at Sacramento; Indian chapel moved--built new one, bell, Nopanny--Bidwell's Indian wife?; Indian laborers; Edward Mahuka Tonaka died; gas house in Chico burned; county division bill defeated; women's congress? in San Francisco; anti-Chinese problems; alcohol to Indians for Chinese; dinner in San Francisco for Susan B. Anthony and Anna Howard Shaw; July 4-5 Indian celebration and "dance" at the Rancheria; Women's National Indian Association organized locally; Normal School Annex built; Halala killed by Oregon train; Chinese and Indian labor; Anna H. Shaw spoke at Armory Hall

Folder Fd. 2

1896 Black man sang in Indian chapel; much about Indian children and laborers; Chinese and Indians building road and dome in canyon; Washington Harding (Indian) arrested for striking another; 21 anniversary of the organization of Indian mission (January 28); Annie's work with the Indian Village; George Harding fractured leg; Washington Harding in county hospital; suffrage convention in armory-Anna Shaw here; visit to Big Meadows-many Indian friends there; visited other parts of valley; Air ship in Chico (6:30 pm. November 24, 1896); much about Pulisse (Indian laborer); stone wall in canyon built

Folder Fd. 3

1897 More building in canyon; Pulisse; visit of missionary Kim Eca Da Silva; Annie Bidwell's mother died; many visiters at Butte Meadows; measured for road in Little Chico canyon-steep and rocky; work on Chico-Humboldt Road; spoke in Pioneer Hall about early times

Folder Fd. 4

Indian vistors; Womens Christian Temperance Union met at 1898 mansion; attended California Golden Jubilee Celebration in San Francisco; attended Chinese New year Celebration; Traveled Humboldt Road-Berdon's estate many times; Sprague Photographer took photo; Indian laborers

Folder Fd. 5

Visited by E. H. Allison, Indian interpreter; lecture 1899 E. H. Allison at Normal School and Methodist Episcopal; Indian visitors; Indian laborers; Annie getting children ready for school at Greenville; continued work in the Salt Spring Canyon; Mrs. Ament with Indian children visited

Folder Fd. 6

1900 Russian Dookhabors in Chico; much about Indian visitors and labor, Billy Simpson murdered; Steve Thompson and Johnny Richards to San Quentin; John Bidwell's death--April 4--entered by Annie; rest of diary in Annie's handwriting; much about Annie's work with Indians; Lily B. Collins, Bidwell's niece about inheritance; Normal School Memorial Services, May 2 entry of supplying Indians at rancheria with furnishings, clothing, and food; evils of narcotics Indian visitors and business; Women's Christian Temperance Movement continues; one hundred Japanese workers; Greenville matron Emma Truebody visited; James Nockil driven to Greenville to see children; journey east for prohibition convention only woman delegate; traveling in east speaking engagements; Philadelphia for Women's National Indian Association, 21st anniversary.

Box Boxes 15 & 16

Placed with Manuscript 3, Papers of Annie E. K. Bidwell.

 

Miscellaneous Documents

 

1841-1870

Additional Note

21 Fds.
This box contains three newspapers which are not placed in folders.
Box Box 17 , Folder Fd. 1

A temporary passport issued to Bidwell by Mariano Vallejo shortly after Bidwell's arrival in California in 1841. The names of two books used as navigational aids on the journey to California.

Folder Fd. 2

Proof of land purchased from John Sutter, July 1848.

Folder Fds. 3 & 4

Account books for Chico Farm, October 1849.

Folder Fd. 5

A letter from Bidwell, 4/5/49, to John Townsend indicates that Bidwell is not suited to the life of a gold miner. He does not like the weather or the type of people engaged in this business.

Folder Fd. 6

In a letter to John Sutter, 4/2/51, Bidwell politely refuses to marry Sutter's daughter, but pledges his friend ship and offers to help Sutter in any way possible. He also notes Sutter's contribution to California history and his world-wide fame. Bidwell describes life in California in a letter to a Miss Boyd, 7/15/51.

Folder Fd. 7

Account Book, 1853.

Folder Fd. 8

Short note on flour transaction, 9/12/54.

Folder Fd. 9

A newspaper article describing Bidwell's ranch, 5/29/57.

Folder Fd. 10

The official appointment of Bidwell as Brigadier General in the California Militia, 9/3/63.

Folder Fd. 11

Letters from Bidwell to Merrill and Company about the shipment of lumber and bridge construction.

Folder Fd. 12

An official letter with the State Seal announcing that Bidwell has been elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. 1/9/65.

Folder Fd. 13

A letter from Bidwell to Annie Kennedy asking her to marry him. 12/31/66.

Folder Fd. 14

Letters to Annie Kennedy. On 1/4/67, he tells of his determination to become a Christian and "turn over a new leaf." On 5/8/67 Bidwell has returned to Chico and is despondent. Because he is separated from Annie. Bidwell makes an attempt at poetry to express his feelings, 5/26/67

Folder Fd. 15

In a long letter to Annie, 7/5/67, Bidwell talks about his activities. After some very flattering remarks, Bidwell asks Joseph Kennedy (in a letter) if he can marry his daughter.

Folder Fd. 16

Letters to Annie and one response from her on 11/28/67. She asks Bidwell to take care of her brother, John, who is coming to California. She suggests that the two men drink a glass of water or milk to the health of the Kennedy family on Christmas Day.

Folder Fd. 17

Marriage license and marriage certificate, 4/16/68.

Folder Fd. 18

Letters to Annie. On 2/13/68, Bidwell answers that he is in good health despite having a hernia. Obviously Annie has asked about this in a previous letter.

 

On 6/13/68 Bidwell writes to Annie from Marysville. This is the first correspondence after their marriage and arrival in California.

Folder Fd. 19

Correspondence to Annie. Also two letters from John Kennedy who has returned to Washington and says California has improved his health. 10/6/68.

Folder Fd. 20

Correspondence to Annie addressed to her in Washington where she is visiting her family for the summer. On 8/23/69 Bidwell gives the status of the domestic workers at their Chico home. Contains some interesting comments on Chinese labor.

Folder Fd. 21

Contains a letter to Annie dated 1/14/70. He has caught one of the employees stealing money.

 

1871-1900

Additional Note

21 Fds.
Box Box 18 , Folder Fd. 1

Letters to Annie, 1871.

Folder Fd. 2

Letters to Annie, 1872. On April 18, Bidwell describes the trip East on the railroad while near Pittsburgh.

Folder Fd. 3

An excerpt from a book titled New Life in New Lands: Notes of Travel by Grace Greenwood. This was published in 1873 and includes an interesting account of her visit to Chico. She says Bidwell lives an "almost feudal" life on his ranch.

Folder Fd. 4

An executive order from the governor of California appointing Bidwell a Regent of the University of California. Also some letters to Annie written in 1880.

Folder Fd. 5

Letters to Annie, 1883.

Folder Fd. 6

Letters to Annie, 1885.

Folder Fd. 7

A letter to Annie, 3/12/86, in which Bidwell indicates his displeasure at a speech given in San Francisco. It was given by a woman who does not like the rise of Chinese domestic help.

 

On 3/11/86, Bidwell wrote to Annie from Sacramento where anti-Chinese sentiment was expressed at a convention.

 

The Society of California Pioneers, 7/15/86, thanks Bidwell for his donation of John Sutter's diary to that group.

Folder Fd. 8

In a letter to Annie who is visiting relatives in Washington, Bidwell says that the household servants are doing fine except that one of them is "too familiar." 1/25/87.

 

October 21, 1887, Bidwell writes that he has laid out the foundation for the Normal School.

 

On 12/26/87 Bidwell acknowledges that he has bad knees and other problems when he takes long walks.

Folder Fd. 9

July 30, 1888, Bidwell tells Annie of an event that happened several years previously in which a man tried to shoot him, but missed. He encourages Annie to eat a lot of meat to help her regain her strength. Both of the Bidwells have medical problems at this time.

Folder Fd. 10

On 9/22/89, Bidwell writes to Annie in Washington. Tells her he hates long, dull sermons and that these make churches unpopular.

Folder Fd. 11

Letters of May, 1890. The Bidwells are planning a vacation to Alaska.

Folder Fd. 12

One letter to Annie, 10/17/91.

Folder Fd. 13

Letter of acceptance for the nomination of the Prohibitionist Party for the campaigned of 1892.

Folder Fd. 14

A typed letter to John Sutter, Jr., 4/29/93, asking his consent to allow a hotel to be built on some property in Sacramento that he may have some claim to.

Folder Fd. 15

Two 1895 letters from Bidwell to Professor R. D. Hunt. He briefly gives his impressions of early California life. Interesting comments on law and order during the military government and gold rush period.

Folder Fd. 16

One letter to Annie, 10/13/96.

Folder Fd. 17

Two letters to Annie, 1897.

Folder Fd. 18

Two letters to Professor R. D. Hunt

Folder Fd. 19

Two more letters to Hunt, 1899, Bidwell has been injured in a wagon accident.

Folder Fd. 20

A letter to John Spear telling him about the early life of John Sutter

Folder Fd. 21

Itemized expenses of Bidwell's funeral, 1900.

 

Miscellaneous Documents

Additional Note

16 Fds.
Box Box 19 , Folder Fd. 1

Notes on Bidwell's life copied by his wife. Poor quality, difficult to read.

Folder Fd. 2

A magazine article on the early history of California with emphasis on cattle brands. Illustrated.

Folder Fd. 3

An article about Bidwell in National Republic Magazine written in 1918. It deals mainly with the 1841 trip to California.

 

An article by George M. Gray who was Bidwell's ranch foreman for ten years.

 

Many newspaper articles from the Chico Enterprise-Record.

Folder Fd. 4

The biography of John Bidwell as written for elementary school children.

Folder Fd. 5

A bibliography of books about John Bidwell.

Folder Fd. 6

Souvenir of Chico Horticultural Society.