Title: John K. Martin Collection,
Date (inclusive): ca. 1952-1966
Collection number: Mss 145
Creator: Martin, John K.
Extent: 1 linear foot (3 boxes).
University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Dept. of Special Collections
Shelf location: For current information on the location of these
materials, please consult the library's online catalog.
Mainly purchase from John K. Martin, ca. 1966.
[Identification of item], John K. Martin Collection, Mss 145, Department of Special Collections, University Libraries, University
of California, Santa Barbara.
John K. Martin is the owner of Black Sparrow Press, which was located in Los Angeles, then Santa Barbara and, more recently,
in Santa Rosa, California. He is best known as the publisher of Charles Bukowski's work, but he also has published the work
of other authors such as Paul and Jane Bowles, David Bromige, Tom Clark, Wanda Coleman, Cid Corman, Robert Creeley, Fielding
Dawson, Larry Eigner, Clayton Eshleman, William Everson, John Fante, Paul Goodman, Robert Kelly, Wyndham Lewis, Joyce Carol
Oates, Charles Olson, John B. Sanford, Gertrude Stein, and Diane Wakoski
Martin was born in 1930 in San Francisco, California. He grew up in Los Angeles and it was there that he developed his interests
in literature as a teenager. He dropped out of the University of California in Los Angeles during his first year because his
favorite modern authors, Ezra Pound, D. H. Lawrence and Wallace Stevens, among others, were not then being taught. He went
to work in an office supply store where he eventually became the manager. At the supply store, with access to printing machinery,
he issued early broadsides of the poetry of Charles Bukowski, whose career was to become so entwined with that of Martin.
He gave these broadsides away to the employees of the supply store. His hobby of collecting first editions of the modern masters
had begun earlier.
In 1949 at the age of nineteen, Martin began his collection of American and English literature. It grew haphazardly at first,
reflecting his own changing reading interests. Early on, Martin's collecting efforts centered on authors such as Faulkner,
Lawrence, Pound, and Henry Miller. Later he began to focus on works by the "new poets" and in particular on what came to be
known as "beat poetry". This interest in the non-commercial and the eclectic was to remain an important element in his collecting
and, later, publishing careers.
Martin met and befriended many of the writers affiliated with the new movements in American poetry and prose of the 1950s
and was thereby able to obtain their scarce early publications directly. According to Martin, it would now be impossible to
duplicate the acquisition of many of these works at any price. Martin was always interested in obtaining the best copy of
any given work and often turned a copy over several times in order to acquire an even better version, even if it was just
a matter of "getting the dust wrapper." The collection of material by and related to Henry Miller is a case in point. During
the 1950s Martin established a relationship with Miller wherein the author assisted him in the acquisition of various editions
of his then frequently banned books. Martin in return helped Miller in tasks ranging from distribution of Miller's works to
acquiring for him items as varied as rare editions to artist's supplies and books for Miller's daughter. These he brought
or sent to Miller in Big Sur.
In 1966 Martin launched Black Sparrow Press. He was able to do so with the proceeds from the sale of his collection of first
and signed editions the previous year to UCSB. His personal relationships with some of the authors whom he collected remained
an important factor in his early publishing efforts. Martin has noted that the good poetry that he read was never published
and that the poetry that was published was rarely good. One of the poets whose work he had been following via the underground
press was Charles Bukowski. Bukowski, while still working full-time at the Post Office, was attempting to eke out a career
as a writer. Bukowski's work chronicled the hard-luck underbelly of life in Los Angeles and it had found a small but enthusiastic
audience. Black Sparrow's first publication was a limited edition of Bukowski's poem
True Story, followed by three others.
In 1969 Martin made Bukowski an unusual offer: He would give him $100 per month for life, no strings attached, if the writer
would quit his day job. As Bukowski remembered it: "He had published some of my poems as broadsides. He wrote me out checks
as I sat in my kitchen across from him, drinking beer and signing the broadsides. It was the beginning of Black Sparrow Press,
a house that was soon to begin publishing a large portion of America's avant-garde poetry, but neither of us knew it then."
The freedom that this small sum gave Bukowski permitted him to finish the novel
Post Office in 1971. Although only a modest success financially, the novel helped to establish a word-of-mouth reputation for the fledgling
press that allowed it and Martin to prevail during what had been a very lean financial period. Martin was able to maintain
the independent status that he cherished and Bukowski's fame began to grow.
Martin not only promoted Bukowski, but on occasion defended him as well. In the 1970s during a reading at a Santa Barbara
nightclub, Bukowski was being heckled by a patron who expected a more unrestrained, less subtle "exhibition." Martin, who
was in attendance, leapt up to challenge the offender as Bukowski continued his reading, which was increasingly filled with
invective towards his audience. A bouncer eventually led the heckler away.
In 1975, Black Sparrow moved from Los Angeles to Santa Barbara. The press continued to grow as its author list and sales expanded.
During its decade in Santa Barbara, Black Sparrow was instrumental in reviving the place of the small press and the rare book
dealer in the community. Black Sparrow also grew from an operation that was based in Martin's home, where he and his wife
Barbara performed all aspects of publishing, sales, and distribution, to a larger scale facility in Santa Rosa where Martin
relocated in 1985. There are now full-time employees, links to national distribution companies for Black Sparrow titles and
an ever growing, but still decidedly eclectic list of authors.
Black Sparrow has continued to flourish despite its resolute emphasis on non-traditional, non-mainstream writers, many with
roots in the
avant garde movements of the fifties and sixties. Yet Martin remains committed both to promoting new voices and to rescuing from obscurity
others whose work has fallen by the literary wayside. Just two examples of the latter category are Wyndham Lewis and John
Fante. Lewis was an English painter and critic prominent from 1915 to 1950. Martin has reissued twenty-one of his works including
Art wherein Lewis mercilessly critiques authors such as Pound and Hemingway. Fante wrote extensively about the Italian immigrant
experience in Los Angeles in a number of novels written in the thirties and forties. It was Bukowski who recommended Fante
to Martin, who has reissued a number of his works including a collection of correspondence between Fante and his mentor, H.
Martin prefers to manage his business from behind the scenes. Somewhat in contrast to his earlier career, he now meets few
of his writers more than once, choosing to "keep [his] attention on their work, rather than on their personalities." [In the
words of one observer] he seeks to publish only those books which can awaken and disturb, to promote those writers whose works
rub against the world and keep rubbing till that friction produces sparks.
Much of the material for this biographical sketch was drawn from:
- Gilbar, Steven.
Literary Santa Barbara: Between Great Mountains and a Great Sea. Santa Barbara, Calif.: McNally & Loftin, 1997.
- Iyer, Pico. "Black Sparrow's Solitary Flight."
Santa Barbara News & Review (24 July 1980).
- Kostelanatz, Richard. "A Happy Publisher,"
New York Times Book Review (17 July 1980).
- Martin, Justin. "Black Sparrow Press: Bukowski Was Just the First."
Poets & Writers, No. 27-3 (May/June, 1999).
- Sounes, Howard.
Charles Bukowski: Locked in the Arms of a Crazy Life. New York: Grove Press, 1998.
Title: Charles Bukowski Collection
Identifier/Call Number: (Mss 12).
Title: Philip Peatman/Henry Miller Collection
Identifier/Call Number: (Mss 29)
Related printed materials and other Black Sparrow Press materials are cataloged in Pegasus, the UCSB online catalog
At other repositories
- Additional John Martin Papers (Collection 1267) are located at UCLA, Young Research Library, Department of Special Collections.
- Black Sparrow Press records are located in several repositories:
ca. 1967-1974, at Pennsylvania State University, University Libraries, Rare Books Room.
ca. 1971-1993, at the University of Arizona, University Libraries, Special Collections.
1993-ongoing, at the University of California, Berkeley, Bancroft Library.