Register of the Gerua Collection, 1906-1920

Processed by Olga Verhovskoy Dunlop; machine-readable finding aid created by Michael C. Conkin
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 1998
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Gerua Collection, 1906-1920

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Processed by:
Olga Verhovskoy Dunlop
Date Completed:
1998
Encoded by:
Michael C. Conkin
© 1998 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Gerua Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1906-1920
Collection number: 25003
Creator: Gerua, Boris Vladimirovich, 1876-1942
Collection Size: 11 manuscript boxes. (4.4 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, communiques, and printed matter, relating to White Russian military activities in northern Russia during the Russian Revolution, and to White Russian liaison with the British War Office. Consists mainly of records of the White Russian special military mission to Great Britain from 1919 to 1920. Includes some papers of Boris V. Gerua, head of the mission.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language: Russian.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection open for research.
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Publication Rights

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Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Gerua Collection, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Access Points

Yudenich, Nikolay Nikolayevich, 1862-1933.
Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920) Armiia.
Great Britain.
Soviet Union.
Russia (Federation)
Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
Soviet Union--History--Allied intervention, 1918-1920.
Russia. Armiia--Officers.

Historical Note

The Spetsial'naia Voennaia Missiia Shtaba Verhkovnago Glavnokomanduiushchago v Londone (Special Military Mission of the Staff of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief in London) was established in 1919 by Gen. Nikolai IUdenich under the direction Major-Gen. Boris Gerua (Heroys). The purpose of the mission was to obtain from the British government financial support,supplies, transportation and equipment for Russian troops joining the Army of the North-West. The mission was dissolved in 1920.

Biographical Note

1876 Born, St. Petersburg
1904 Graduates Pazheskii Korpus and Nikolaevskaia Akademiia General'nago Shtaba
1904-1905 Participates in the Russo-Japanese War
1912 Appointed professor of tactics at the Nikolaevskaia Akademiia General'nago Shtaba
1914 Fights on the Galician Front
1915 Appointed commander of the Leib-gvardii Izmailovskii Polk
1917 May Appointed Chief of Staff of the 11th Army
1917 August Arrested on orders of Kerensky for participation in the Kornilov affair
1918 Escapes to Finland and is sent to Great Britain by Gen. Nikolai IUdenich as head of the Spetsial'naia Voennaia Missiia Shtaba Verhkovnago Glavnokomanduiushchago v Londone
1920 After the liquidation of the mission, continues to reside in Great Britain. Takes part in emigré organizations, publishes memoirs and other works, continues his artistic activities and interests
1942 Dies, Coulton-St. Mary, Devon, England

Scope and Content Note

The collection includes an extensive correspondence between various White Russian offices and officials, especially related to military operations on the North-Western and Petrograd fronts. Copies of this correspondence sent to the mission are to be found in the OFFICE FILE series. It also includes numerous reports on the political situation in Europe especially as related to the White Russsian cause, found in the OFFICE and PRESS FILE series.

Series Description

Box No. 1.

BORIS VLADIMIROVICH GERUA FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Official correspondence under his signature as head of the Spetsial'naia Voennaia Missiia Shtaba Verhkovnago Glavnokomanduiushchago v Londone, personal correspondence and a report re his personal experiences in the Soviet Union, arranged by physical form and therein chronologically
Box No. 2.-4.

OFFICE FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence both of the Spetsial'naia Voennaia Missiia Shtaba Verhkovnago Glavnokomanduiushchago v Londone and copies of correspondence received by the mission from other offices and officials of the White governments, material related to relations with the British government, reports re the political situation in various European countries especially as related to the position of Russian refugees and the Russian Armies, arranged by physical form and therein alphabetically
Box No. 5.

FINANCIAL RECORDS FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence related to efforts by the Spetsial'naia Voennaia Missiia Shtaba Verhkovnago Glavnokomanduiushchago v Londone to receive financial aid and supplies from the British government for Gen. Nikolai IUdenich's Army of the North-West, and includes financial papers related to the financing of the London office, arranged by subject and therein by physical form
Box No. 5.-6.

MILITARY OPERATIONS FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Dispatches and telegrams re troop movements, maps, orders, operational reports and Soviet and Russian wireles reports transcribed by the British War Office, arranged by physical form and therein by subject
Box No. 6.-7.

MILITARY PERSONNEL FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Material related to the recruitment of personnel for the White armies, and especially IUdenich's Army of the North-West. Includes reports re Russian prisoners of war, applications of Russian and foreign volunteers, and correspondence re transfer and supply of troops
Box No. 7.-8.

PRESS FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings and single issues of newspapers, pamphlets, summaries and excerpts from the foreign press related to the White cause, arranged by physical form and therein by subject
Box No. 8.-9.

SUPPLY FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence related to the problem of supplying the Army of the North-West, arranged by physical form and therein by subject
Box No. 9.-11.

SUBJECT FILE, 1906-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Printed matter related to the election laws and elections to the the Russian Duma, 1906-1917, and to reform in local government proposed by the Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del, 1917, and miscellaneous material related to various emigré political organizations, arranged by subject

Container List

 

BORIS VLADIMIROVICH GERUA FILE, 1919-1920

Box 1.

Correspondence

 

Official

 

Incoming, 1919

 

General

Folder 1

Undated-August

Folder 2

September-October

Folder 3

November-December

Folder 4

Iudenich, Nikolai

 

Outgoing

 

General

 

1919

Folder 5

Undated-May

Folder 6

July

Folder 7

August

Folder 8

September-October

Folder 9

November-December

Folder 10

1920

Folder 11

Churchill, Winston

 

IUdenich, Nikolai, 1919. Includes reports

Folder 12

Undated-August

Folder 13

September-December

 

Personal. Incoming

Folder 14

Unidated-April 1919

Folder 15

May 1919-1920

Folder 16-17

Miscellany. Includes drafts, unidentified writings and personal papers

 

Reports

Folder 18

General. Includes caricatures of Russian political figures

Folder 19

Personal experiences in the Soviet Union

 

OFFICE FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Spetsial'naia Voennaia Missiia Shtaba Verhkovnago Glavnokomanduiushchago v Londone
Box 2., Folder 1

Agreement between the ARA and the Provisional Government of Russia, 1919 July

 

Correspondence. Includes both correspondence of the Spetsial'naia Missiia and copies of correspondence of other Provisional Government offices and officials

 

General. Incoming telegrams, arranged by city of origin

Folder 2

Arkhangel'sk

Folder 3

Athens

Folder 4

Belgrade

Folder 5

Berlin

Folder 6

Constantinople

Folder 7

Copenhagen. Includes correspondence of Sergei Pototskii

Folder 8

Ekaterinodar

Folder 9

Hague

Folder 10

Helsingfors (Helsinki)

 

London

Folder 11

General

Folder 12

Golovin, Nikolai

Folder 13

Kholmnsen, Ivan

Folder 14

Malta

 

Omsk

Folder 15

General

Folder 16

Sukin, Ivan to Sergei Sazonov

 

Paris

Folder 17

Undated

Folder 18

January-April

Folder 19

May-June

Folder 20

July

Folder 21

August-November

Folder 22

Prague

Folder 23

Revel

Folder 24

Rome

 

Stockholm. Includes correspondence of Dmitrii Kandaurov

Folder 25

January-April

Folder 26

May

Folder 27

June-July

Folder 28

August-December

Folder 29

Taganrog

Folder 30

Teheran

Folder 31

Tokyo

Folder 32

Washington

Folder 33

American Mission in Paris

Folder 34

Cowan, Walter to Nikolai IUdenich

Box 3.

Gardner, Daniel

Folder 1

Incoming

Folder 2

Outgoing. Includes reports

Folder 3

Gough, Hubert to Nikolai IUdenich

 

Great Britain

 

General. Translations of memoranda, reports and correspondence made available to the British government by Russian representatives in London

Folder 4

Undated-May

Folder 5

June-November

 

War Office

 

Incoming

Folder 6

March-August

Folder 7

September-October

Folder 8

November-December

 

Outgoing

Folder 9

Undated-August

Folder 10

September-October

Folder 11

November-December

Folder 12

Guchkov, Aleksandr. Includes letter to Winston Churchill

 

IUdenich, Nikolai

Folder 13

Incoming

 

Outgoing

Folder 14

General

Folder 15

Churchill, Winston, 1920 January

 

Journals of correspondence

Folder 16-17

Incoming

Folder 18

Outgoing

Box 4., Folder 1

Official orders of Russian government establishing the special military mission in Great Britain

Folder 2

Personnel file

Folder 3

Publicity and propaganda file

 

Record of material received

Folder 4

Encoded telegrams

Folder 5

Secret documents

 

Reports

Folder 6

General

Folder 7-8

Baltic region

Folder 9

Denmark

Folder 10

Estonia

Folder 11-12

Finland

Folder 13

Germany

Folder 14

Italy

Folder 15

Latvia

Folder 16

Lithuania

Folder 17

Poland

Folder 18

Soviet Union

Folder 19

Sweden

Folder 20

Ukraine

Folder 21

United States

 

FINANCIAL RECORDS FILE, 1919-1920

Box 5.

General

 

Correspondence

Folder 1

General

 

Gerua, Boris

Folder 2

Incoming

Folder 3

Outgoing

Folder 4

IUdenich, Nikolai

Folder 5

List of correspondence

Folder 6

Receipts and disbursements

 

Financing of London office

Folder 7

General

Folder 8

Disbursements. Notebooks

Folder 9

Receipts

 

MILITARY OPERATIONS FILE, 1919-1920

Box 5.

Dispatches, situation reports and telegrams re troop movements and military operations

Folder 10

General

Folder 11

Arkhangel'sk front

Folder 12

North-Western front and Petrograd region

Folder 13

Siberian front

Folder 14

Southern front

Folder 15-16

Maps

Folder 17

Orders - Army of the North-West

 

Reports

 

General

Folder 18

General

 

Soviet Union

Folder 19

Army - Strategic position and strength on various fronts

Folder 20

Navy

Box 6.

Operational reports (by military fronts)

Folder 1

General

Folder 2-3

North-West

 

Petrograd

Folder 4

Condition of civilian population

Folder 5

Strategic situation

Folder 6

South Russia. Includes some correspondence

 

Wireless radio reports transcribed and translated by the British War Office

 

Moscow. Field headquarters of the Revolutionary Military Soviet of the Republic

Folder 7

No. 3-884

Folder 8

No. 2533-2789

Folder 9

No. 2815-3063

Folder 10-11

Nikolaev. Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces in South Russia

Folder 12

Riga

 

MILITARY PERSONNEL FILE, 1919-1920.

Scope and Content Note

Material relating to the recruitment of personnel for White Armies. Includes material re officers of the Russian Imperial Army and White Army abroad and their transfer to active duty as well as enlistment of former Russian prisoners of war
Box 6.

General. Correspondence

 

General

Folder 13

Unitdate-September 1919

Folder 14

October 1919-January 1920

Folder 15

Gerua, Boris

Folder 16-17

Individual applications. Includes that of Arkadii Borman

Box 7.

Recruitment of military personnel

 

General. Correspondence and reports re Russian officers abroad and former prisoners of war

Folder 1-2

General

Folder 3

Newmarket Camp

 

Foreigners

 

General

Folder 4

General. Includes contract document for foreign volunteers

Folder 5

British volunteers. Includes list of British personnel with Russian Detachment

Folder 6

Belosel'skii-Belozerskii, Sergei. Miscellaneous material related to his recruiting activities

Folder 7

Supply and organization of military units

Folder 8

Transfer of troops from the Army of IUdenich to the Army of the South, December 1919-March 1920

 

PRESS FILE, 1919-1920

Box 7., Folder 9

Bulletins. "Union", Bureau de la Presse Russe

 

Newspaper file

 

General

Folder 10

La cause commune, 1919 July and 1920 March

Folder 11

Russkaia Zhizn', 1919 May-July

Folder 12

Russkoe Delo, 1919 April

Folder 13

Severnaia Zhizn', 1919 January

 

Clippings

Folder 14

British

Folder 15

French

Box 8.

Summaries and excerpts from foreign press

Folder 1

Great Britain

Folder 2

Estonia

Folder 3-6

Denmark

Folder 7

Finland

Folder 8

France

Folder 9

Soviet Union

Folder 10

Sweden. Includes Russkii Kurier

 

Pamphlets

Folder 11

Kratkaia zapiska o vozniknovenii Severnago Korpusa I dal'neishei ego boevoi deiatel'nosti, 1918 November

Folder 12

The German-Bolshevik Conspiracy, The Committee on Public Information, 1918 October

Folder 13

Golos vserossiiskoi vlasti, Helsingfors, 1919

Folder 14

The Russian Commonwealth, 1919 April

Folder 15

Zemlia--Daiushchim Khleb, Moscow, 1919 June

 

SUPPLY FILE, 1919-1920

Box 8.

Correspondence

 

General, 1919

Folder 16

Undated-August

Folder 17

September-October

Folder 18

November-December

 

British War Office. See OFFICE FILE, Correspondence

Folder 19

Commercial supply firms

 

Gardner, Daniel. See OFFICE FILE, Correspondence

Box 9.

Reports

 

General

Folder 1

General

Folder 2

Supply of occupied territories and Petrograd

 

Supplies

Folder 3-4

Received

Folder 5

Requested

Folder 6

Transportation file - Olga (ship)

 

SUBJECT FILE, 1906-1920

Box 9., Folder 7

Conférence Politique Russe, 1919 March. Letter under signature of S. Sazonov et al. to Peace Conference

Folder 8

Kornilov, Lavr. Report, "Glumlenie bol'shevikov nad telom ubitago generala Kornilova"

Folder 9

Ligue Française de l'Enseignement. Speech by Boris Savinkov

Folder 10

Rossiiskoe Obshchestvo Krasnago Kresta. Miscellany

 

Russia

Folder 11-18

Gosudarstvennaia Duma, 1906-1917. Includes, "Proekt polozheniia o vyborakh v Uchreditel'noe Sobranie", "Polozhenie o vyborakh v Gosudarstvennuiu Dumu", "Stat'i proekta postanovleniia vremennago pravitel'stva o vyborakh v Uchreditel'noe Sobranie" and other documents related to election laws and the election process in Russia

Box 10., Folder 1-4

Gosudarstvennaia Duma, 1906-1917

Folder 5-17

Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del, 1917 April 13-November 7, "Spravochnyi listok soveshchaniia po reforme mestnago samoupravleniia i upravleniia obrazovannago pri Ministerstve Vnutrennikh Del"

Box 11., Folder 1

Russia (Territory under White Armies, 1918-1920) Vremennoe Rossiiskoe Pravitel'stvo (Kolchak). Declaration, 1919 April

 

Russian Liberation Committee

Folder 2

General. Background information

Folder 3

Bulletins, 1919 March-August

Folder 4

Information leaflets

Folder 5

Russskii Kruzhok v Londone. Miscellany