Guide to the Frank Roney Papers, 1870-1917 (bulk 1878-1886)

Processed by Nicole Waugh
The Bancroft Library.
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu
© 2003
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Frank Roney Papers, 1870-1917 (bulk 1878-1886)

Collection number: BANC MSS C-B 366

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Collection Processed By:
Nicole Waugh
Date Completed:
August 2004
Finding Aid written by:
Nicole Waugh and completed by Alison E. Bridger
© 2003 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Frank Roney papers,
Date (inclusive): 1870-1917
Date (bulk): (bulk 1878-1886)
Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 366
Creator: Roney, Frank, 1841-1925.
Extent: Number of containers: 2 boxes Linear feet: 0.8
Repository: The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Abstract: Contains materials given by Frank Roney to Ira B. Cross to complete his book, History of the Labor Movement in California, including correspondence, writings, materials relating to Roney's activities with labor organizations in San Francisco, clippings and ephemera. Writings include Roney's diary when he first arrived in San Francisco, the manuscript of his autobiography Frank Roney: Irish Rebel and California Labor Leader, and drafts and articles about the labor movement including anti-Chinese sentiment.
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Frank Roney papers, BANC MSS C-B 366, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Related Collections

Ira Cross: California Labor Notes, BANC MSS C-R 12
Haskell Family Papers, BANC MSS C-B 364
International Workingmen's Association Records, BANC MSS C-A 306

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Roney, Frank, 1841-1925--Archives.
Cross, Ira B. (Ira Brown), b. 1880. History of the labor movement in California.
Federated Trades Council.
Iron Molders' Union of North America.
Knights of Labor.
Representative Assembly of Trades and Labor Unions of the Pacific Coast.
Workingmen's Party of California.
Pacific Coast League of Deliverance.
Iron Trades Council.
Iron industry and trade--San Francisco (Calif.).
Labor unions--California--San Francisco.
Labor movement--California--San Francisco Bay Area--History.
Chinese--Employment--California--San Francisco.
Manuscripts for publication.
Diaries.
Autobiographies.
Cross, Ira B. (Ira Brown), b. 1880.
Roney, Frank, 1841-1925. Frank Roney: Irish rebel and California labor leader.

Administrative Information

Provenance

The Frank Roney papers were removed from the Ira Cross: California Labor Notes collection (BANC MSS C-R 12), which were given to The Bancroft Library by Ira B. Cross in 1933.

Biographical Chronology

Frank Roney

1841 Born in Belfast, Ireland on August 13th
1875 Settled in San Francisco, California in April
1877 The Workingmen's Party of California is formed
1878 Served as chairman of the executive committee of the Workingmen's Party of California
1880 Served as president of the Seamen's Protective Association
1882 Arrested for anti-Chinese propaganda activity for the League of Deliverance. Roney was tried and declared not guilty for misdemeanor charges in San Francisco on July 25th.
  Served as president of the Representative Assembly of Trades and Labor Unions of the Pacific Coast
1885 The Representative Council of the Iron Trades is formed. Roney was the organization's secretary in 1885 and president in 1886
ca. 1906 Met historian Ira B. Cross and began giving him assistance in writing his book, History of the Labor Movement in California.
1915 Completed his autobiography. Published in 1931, as Frank Roney: Irish Rebel and California Labor Leader.
1925 Died in Long Beach, California on January 24th

Scope and Content of Collection

The Frank Roney Papers, 1870-1917, consist of a selection of correspondence and writings given to Ira B. Cross to complete his book History of the Labor Movement in California. A substantial amount of this collection is material devoted to Roney's activities with various labor organizations in San Francisco. This material contains union meeting reports and printed circulars. There are also documents regarding a strike of San Francisco iron workers in 1886, led by the Representative Council of the Iron Trades. Roney's documented involvement with the League of Deliverance reflects the anti-Chinese sentiment apparent in the California labor movement during the late nineteenth century.
His writings include his diary (1875-1876) and a handwritten draft of his autobiography, later published as Frank Roney: Irish Rebel and California Labor Leader in 1931.

Container List

Box 1, folder 1

SERIES 1: Correspondence, 1906

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically

Scope and Content Note

Contains 3 incoming letters that focus on Roney's role as president of the Representative Council of the Iron Trades in San Francisco, and 1 letter from Burnette G. Haskell in 1906, about history of the labor movement and seeking employment.
box 1, folder 1

Correspondence, 1906

Box 1, folders 2-11, Box 2

SERIES 2: Writings, 1875-1917

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically and chronologically

Scope and Content Note

Contains a diary, drafts and published articles and notes. Roney's diary records his first few years in San Francisco working in various foundries, from 1875-1876. Drafts include a handwritten manuscript of Roney's autobiography, an unpublished history of the Workingmen's Party of California and proposed laws against Chinese. Roney's notes to historian Ira B. Cross are for Cross' book, History of the Labor Movement in California.
box 1, folder 2

Diary, 1875-1876

 

Drafts

box 1, folder 3

Letter to editor of Morning Call about greenback issue [incomplete], undated

box 1, folder 4

History of the Workingmen's Party of California, undated

box 1, folder 5

The Relations Socialists Should Bear Towards Other Reforms, undated

box 1, folder 6

Miscellaneous fragments on labor issues, undated

box 1, folder 7

Proposed laws against Chinese, 1882

box 1, folder 8

Letter to editor of Daily Report about Federated trades, 1885

box 1, folder 9

Letter to Irving M. Scott about Iron Trades wages for unskilled workers, 1886

box 2, folder 1-7

Frank Roney: Irish Rebel and California Labor Leader, 1915

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten autobiography edited by Ira B. Cross.
box 1, folder 10

Published newspaper articles, undated

box 1, folder 11

Notes to Ira B. Cross, 1917

Scope and Content Note

Regarding Cross' book, History of the Labor Movement in California
Box 1, folders 12-21

SERIES 3: Labor Organization Activities, 1870-1900

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by organization

Scope and Content Note

Contains materials that document Roney's role with various labor organizations in California given to Ira B. Cross to complete his book on the California labor movement. Organizations include the League of Deliverance, the Workingmen's Party of California, and Representative Council of the Iron Trades.
box 1, folder 12

Hook and Ladder Company, 1870

box 1, folder 13

Iron Molders Union, 1884-1885

box 1, folder 14

Knights of Labor, 1886

box 1, folder 15

League of Deliverance, 1882

box 1, folder 16

Representative Assembly of Trades and Labor Unions of the Pacific Coast, 1880-1882

box 1, folder 17-18

Representative Council of the Iron Trades, 1885-1886

box 1, folder 19

Seamen's Protective Association, 1880

box 1, folder 20

Vallejo Trades and Labor Council, 1900

box 1, folder 21

Workingmen's Party of California, 1878

Box 1, folders 22-24

SERIES 4: Ephemera and clippings, 1875-1906

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically

Scope and Content Note

Includes a membership certificate to the Independent Order of the Odd Fellows Lodge in Utah, and clippings relating to the California labor movement collected by Roney from 1878 to 1906.
box 1, folder 22

Ephemera, undated

box 1, folder 23-24

Clippings, undated