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Register of the Morris Childs Papers, 1938-1995
98069  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Indexing Terms
  • Biographical Notes
  • Scope and Content Note

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Morris Childs Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1938-1995
    Collection number: 98069
    Creator: Childs, Morris, 1902-1991
    Collection Size: 2 manuscript boxes, 35 microfilm reels (6 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, notes, speeches and writings, and interview transcripts, relating to Federal Bureau of Investigation surveillance of the Communist Party, and the relationship between the Communist Party of the United States and the Soviet communist party and government. Includes some papers of John Barron used as research material for his book Operation Solo: The FBI's Man in the Kremlin (Washington, D.C., 1996). Hard-copy material also available on microfilm (2 reels).
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Morris Childs Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Alternative Form Available

    Hard-copy material also available on microfilm (2 reels).

    Related Collectons

    For related materials, see also the John Barron Collection.

    Location of Originals

    In part, originals in: J. Edgar Hoover Foundation.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.
    Communism--United States.
    Communist Party of the United States of America.
    Internal security--United States.
    Kommunisticheskaia partiia Sovetskogo Soiuza.
    United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
    Communism.
    United States--Politics and government.
    Soviet Union.
    Russia (Federation)
    Barron, John, 1930-

    Biographical Notes

    1902, June 10 Born, Russia
    1911 Arrived in the United States
    1921 Joined the United Communist Party of America
    1929-1932 Received training at the Lenin School in Moscow
    1933-1938 Functionary of the Communist Party, member of the Central Committee
    1938 Ran for the US Senate
    1946-1947 Editor, Daily Worker
    1954-1982 Cooperated with FBI agents in Operation SOLO
    1987 Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for Intelligence
    1991, June 5 Died, USA

    Scope and Content Note

    The collection includes mainly papers of Morris Childs (1902-1991), a prominent member of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA). In 1954-1982, Morris Childs, along with his brother Jack Childs and wife Eva Childs, participated in an operation which was conducted by the FBI, and later named SOLO. Morris Childs made fifty-seven trips (called by the FBI "missions") to the Soviet Union and other countries of the socialist camp. He often accompanied Gus Hall, General Secretary of the CPUSA; sometimes he traveled alone or with his wife. Morris had conferences with party leaders in the countries he visited and was shown confidential and secret documents. He took almost verbatim records of what he had heard or seen, and the notes were later handed over to FBI agents. These notes, both holograph and typescript (slightly edited), are included in the collection. They give a most vivid impression of the position taken by communist leaders on various international issues. The collection also includes Morris Childs's notebooks with brief notes about the places he visited and people he met.
    Within Operation SOLO the FBI supported a clandestine communication system designed and built by the Soviet KGB (Committee for State Security). Through this system the FBI regularly received messages from the Kremlin and, in the name of Jack or Morris, sent back information the United States wanted the Soviets to get. The FBI also handled millions of dollars smuggled from the Soviet Union to New York, either by Jack or Morris or by KGB agents, for the CPUSA.
    The collection is divided into three series. Of most interest is the Morris Childs File, which includes his notes and his interview transcript prepared by FBI agents.
    Microfilm of Morris Childs materials on loan from the J. Edgar Hoover Foundation include correspondence, reports, and notes, relating to Federal Bureau of Investigation surveillance of the Communist Party, and the relationship between the Communist Party of the United States and the Soviet communist party and government. The original papers are held by the J. Edgar Hoover Foundation. A transfer table indicating corresponding folder and microfilm reel numbers is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.