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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Location of Original Materials
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Alternative Form Available
  • Related Collections
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Morris Childs papers
    Date (inclusive): 1924-1995
    Collection Number: 98069
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English and Russian
    Physical Description: 2 manuscript boxes, 35 microfilm reels (4.3 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, notes, speeches and writings, and interview transcripts relating to Federal Bureau of Investigation surveillance of the Communist Party, and the relationship between the Communist Party of the United States and the Soviet communist party and government. Includes some papers of John Barron used as research material for his book Operation Solo: The FBI's Man in the Kremlin (Washington, D.C., 1996). Hard-copy material also available on microfilm (2 reels).
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Childs, Morris, 1902-1991.
    Contributor: Barron, John, 1930-2005.

    Location of Original Materials

    J. Edgar Hoover Foundation (in part).


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items, computer media, and digital files. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos, films, or digital files during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Morris Childs papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1998.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Alternative Form Available

    Hard-copy material also available on microfilm (2 reels).

    Related Collections

    John Barron papers, Hoover Institution Archives

    Biographical Note

    1902 June 10 Born Moishe Chilovsky, Kiev, Ukraine
    1911 Arrived in the United States Ellis Island
    1921 Joined the United Communist Party of America
    1929-1932 Received training at the International Lenin School in Moscow
    1933-1938 Functionary of the Communist Party, member of the Central Committee
    1936 Ran for U.S. Congress in Illinois
    1946-1947 Editor, Daily Worker
    1954-1982 Cooperated with FBI agents in Operation SOLO
    1987 Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for Intelligence
    1991 June 5 Died

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection includes mainly papers of Morris Childs (1902-1991), a prominent member of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA). From 1954 to 1982, Morris Childs, along with his brother Jack Childs and wife Eva Childs, participated in an operation which was conducted by the FBI, and later named SOLO.
    Within Operation SOLO the FBI supported a clandestine communication system designed and built by the Soviet KGB (Committee for State Security). Through this system the FBI regularly received messages from the Kremlin and, in the name of Jack or Morris, sent back information the United States wanted the Soviets to get. The FBI also handled millions of dollars smuggled from the Soviet Union to New York, either by Jack or Morris or by KGB agents, for the CPUSA. Morris Childs made fifty-seven trips (called by the FBI "missions") to the Soviet Union and other countries of the socialist camp. He often accompanied Gus Hall, General Secretary of the CPUSA; sometimes he traveled alone or with his wife. Morris had conferences with party leaders in the countries he visited and was shown confidential and secret documents. He took almost verbatim records of what he had heard or seen, and the notes were later handed over to FBI agents. These notes, both holograph and typescript (slightly edited), are included in the collection in the Morris Childs File. They give a most vivid impression of the position taken by communist leaders on various international issues. The collection also includes Morris Childs's notebooks with brief notes about the places he visited and people he met, as well as his interview transcript prepared by FBI agents.
    Microfilm of Morris Childs materials on loan from the J. Edgar Hoover Foundation include correspondence, reports, and notes relating to Federal Bureau of Investigation surveillance of the Communist Party, and the relationship between the Communist Party of the United States and the Soviet communist party and government. The original papers are held by the J. Edgar Hoover Foundation. A transfer table indicating corresponding folder and microfilm reel numbers is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Communism--United States.
    Communist Party of the United States of America.
    Internal security--United States.
    Kommunisticheskai͡a partii͡a Sovetskogo Soi͡uza.
    United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
    Communism--Soviet Union.