Finding Aid to the James Ralston Caldwell Papers, 1925-1988, bulk 1925-1965

Finding Aid written by Alison E. Bridger
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
© 2005
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the James Ralston Caldwell Papers, 1925-1988, bulk 1925-1965

Collection Number: BANC MSS 67/97 c

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California
Finding Aid Written By:
Alison E. Bridger
Date Completed:
December 2005
© 2005 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: James Ralston Caldwell papers
Date (inclusive): 1925-1988,
Date (bulk): , bulk 1925-1965
Collection Number: BANC MSS 67/97 c
Creators : Caldwell, James Ralston, 1900-1965
Extent: Number of containers: 3 boxes Linear feet: 1.0
Repository: The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Abstract: The James Ralston Caldwell papers include materials relating to the Loyalty Oath Controversy on the University of California and the University of Nevada campuses, a small amount of material relating to Caldwell's writing, and personal papers containing correspondence and materials concerning Caldwell's death. Correspondents include Reginald Francis Arragon, George Boas, Arthur H. Brayfield, the University of California Board of Regents, Robert G. Sproul, Group for Academic Freedom, Charlton Laird, and personal correspondence between James Caldwell and his wife Katherine Field (Katherine Ehrgott Caldwell) and with Caldwell's sister Josephine Caldwell.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James Ralston Caldwell Papers, BANC MSS 67/97 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternate forms of this collection.

Separated Material

Printed materials have been transferred to the book collection of The Bancroft Library.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Caldwell, James Ralston, 1900-1965--Archives
Field, Katherine--Correspondence
University of California (1868-1952)
University of Nevada
Oaths--California
Oaths--Nevada
Authors, American--California--Berkeley
Minutes.
Faculty papers.
Poems.
Reviews.
Manuscripts for publication.
Brayfield, Arthur H
Arragon, Reginald Francis
Boas, George, 1891-
Laird, Charlton Grant, 1901-
Sproul, Robert Gordon, 1891-1975
Field, Katherine
Caldwell, Josephine
University of California (1868-1952). Regents
Group for Academic Freedom

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The James Ralston Caldwell papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Katherine Field Caldwell on January 9, 1967. Additions were made by Dan Caldwell on May 5, 2004.

Accruals

No additions are expected.

Processing Information

Processed by Alison E. Bridger in 2004.

Chronology

1900 Born on Jan. 20 in Hastings, Minnesota.
1922 Received baccalaureate from Princeton University, major in philosophy.
1925 Received A.M. from University of Wisconsin, in English.
1929 On September 1, married Katherine Field Ehrgott.
1930 Awarded Ph.D. from Harvard.
  Joined University of California faculty in Berkeley, California, as assistant professor of English.
1946 Attained professorship at the University of California.
1950-1951 Loyalty Oath Controversy at the University of California.
1965 Died on April 4.

Scope and Content of Collection

The James Ralston Caldwell papers include materials relating to the Loyalty Oath Controversy on the University of California and the University of Nevada campuses, a small amount of material relating to Caldwell's writing, and personal papers containing correspondence and materials concerning Caldwell's death. Correspondents include Reginald Francis Arragon, George Boas, Arthur H. Brayfield, the University of California Board of Regents, Robert G. Sproul, Group for Academic Freedom, Charlton Laird, and personal correspondence between James Caldwell and his wife Katherine Field (Katherine Ehrgott Caldwell) and with Caldwell's sister Josephine Caldwell.
The Loyalty Oath Controversy began when Universities around the country insisted on faculty and staff to sign oath of loyalty to the United States and state that they did not belong or believe in any organizations advocating the overthrow of the United States government including the Communist Party. In 1949 the University of California instituted such an oath and 31 professors and many university employees were dismissed for not signing. A Loyalty Oath was also instituted at the University of Nevada where professor Frank Richardson was fired for refusing to sign and took the University to court. The Caldwell papers include correspondence relating to the controversy at the University of California as well as other campuses across the United States, different University of California committee papers relating to the controversy, and documents and clippings about the dismissal proceedings by the University of Nevada against Frank Richardson.
Materials relating to Caldwell's writing includes letters of praise for his work John Keats Fancy, correspondence about his poetry and to his wife about publishing an unfinished work after his death. Manuscripts include, "Consider the Source," "What to Tell the Emperor," other essays and some poems. Also included are some reviews of Caldwell's work as well as reviews done by Caldwell and a list of publications by Caldwell from early in his career in 1939.
The personal papers of James Caldwell include correspondence, and items relating to his death. Correspondence is between Caldwell and his wife, most during their years of courtship while Caldwell was still in Wisconsin and Katherine was in Cambridge, Mass., and while Katherine was traveling in Italy and Greece. Also includes correspondence with Caldwell's sister, Josephine Caldwell, and a small amount of correspondence from other family members.

Container List

 

SERIES 1 Loyalty Oath Controversy 1949-1963

Physical Description: Box 1

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

In three subseries: correspondence, University of California subject files and University of Nevada subject files.
 

Subseries 1.1 Correspondence 1949-1963

Physical Description: Box 1, folders 1-10

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically then alphabetically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains correspondence between Caldwell and colleges concerning the Loyality Oath Controversy at the University of California and elsewhere.
 

Caldwell, James Ralston.

Box 1, Folder 1

Outgoing 1949-1963

 

Incoming

Box 1, Folder 2

Arragon, Reginald Francis. 1951-1952

Box 1, Folder 3

Boas, George. 1950

Box 1, Folder 4

Brayfield, Arthur H. 1951

Box 1, Folder 5

University of California (1868-1952). Regents. 1950

Box 1, Folder 6

Sproul, Robert Gordon. 1949-1950

Box 1, Folder 7

Group for Academic Freedom. 1950-1951

Box 1, Folder 8

Laird, Charlton Grant. 1953-1955

Box 1, Folder 9

Miscellaneous A-L 1950-1963

Box 1, Folder 10

Miscellaneous M-Z 1950-1951

 

Subseries 1.2 University of California Subject Files 1949-1960

Physical Description: Box 1, folders 11-24

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains files of various committees on campus that dealt with the Loyality Oath, Caldwell's notes, and other information conerning the controversy.
Box 1, Folder 11

Committee on Academic Freedom. 1950-1951

Box 1, Folder 12

Committee on Privilege and Tenure. 1950

Box 1, Folder 13

Committee on Welfare of non-Senate Academic Employees. [1950?]

Box 1, Folder 14

Faculty Committee on Financial Assistance. [1950?]-1951

 

Special Unified Committee on Tenure.

Box 1, Folder 15-16

Minutes 1950-1953

Box 1, Folder 17

Proposed amendments 1953-1955

Box 1, Folder 18

Reports 1952-1954

Box 1, Folder 19

Memoranda 1953-1955

Box 1, Folder 20

Miscellaneous 1953-1955

Box 1, Folder 21

Material about Loyalty Oath 1949-[1951]

Box 1, Folder 22

James Caldwell's notes [ca. 1950]

Box 1, Folder 23

Clippings [1950-1959]

Box 1, Folder 24

Special Combined Senate Committee on University Extension. 1960

 

Subseries 1.3 University of Nevada Subject Files 1952-1956

Physical Description: Box 1, folders 25-26

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains reports and clippings on the Loyality Oath controversy on the University of Nevada campus and the case of Frank Richardson, who was fired for refusing to sign.
Box 1, Folder 24

Materials regarding oath controversy and the Frank Richardson case [1952-1953]

Box 1, Folder 25

Clippings 1952-1956

 

SERIES 2 Writings 1939-1979

Physical Description: Box 2, folders 1-13

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

In two subseries: correspondence, and manuscripts, reviews, and list of publications.
 

Subseries 2.1 Correspondence 1946-1979

Physical Description: Box 2, folders 1-3

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains correspondence to James Caldwell and later his wife concerning his writing.
Box 2, Folder 1

Regarding book John Keats Fancy 1946

Box 2, Folder 2

Regarding poetry 1964

Box 2, Folder 3

Regarding unfinished work 1965-1979

 

Subseries 2.2 Manuscripts, Reviews, and List of Publications 1939-1961

Physical Description: Box 2, folders 4-13

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains a small amount of manuscripts, reviews by and of Caldwell and a list of publications by Caldwell.
Box 2, Folder 4

Consider the Source undated

Box 2, Folder 5

Lecture notes on Byron [ca. 1961]

Box 2, Folder 6

Tribute to Dr. Meiklejohn in ACLU News 1957

Box 2, Folder 7

What to Tell the Emperor undated

Box 2, Folder 8

Essays undated

Box 2, Folder 9

Poems undated

Box 2, Folder 10

Miscellaneous manuscripts undated

 

Reviews

Box 2, Folder 11

of James Ralston Caldwell's work 1946

Box 2, Folder 12

by Caldwell, James Ralston 1960-1961

Box 2, Folder 13

List of publications 1939

 

SERIES 3 Personal Papers 1925-1988

Physical Description: Box 2, folders 14-17, Box 3

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

In three subseries: correspondence, materials relating to death of James Ralston Caldwell and miscellaneous items.
 

Subseries 3.1 Correspondence 1925-1988

Physical Description: Box 3

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically and then chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains correspondence between James Ralston Caldwell and Katherine Field (Katherine Ehrgott Caldwell) before and after their marriage, letters from James Ralston Caldwell and Katherine Field to James' sister Josephine Caldwell, a small amount of incoming correspondence to Katherine Field and a few miscellaneous family letters.
 

Caldwell, James Ralston

Box 3, Folder 1-9

to Field, Katherine. 1926-1959

Box 3, Folder 10

from Field, Katherine. 1929

Box 3, Folder 11-14

to Caldwell, Josephine. 1955-1964

 

Field, Katherine.

Box 3, Folder 15

to Caldwell, Josephine. 1956-1965

Box 3, Folder 16

Incoming miscellaneous 1924, undated

Box 3, Folder 17

Caldwell family miscellaneous 1931, 1966, 1988

 

Subseries 3.2 Death of James Ralston Caldwell 1965

Physical Description: Box 2, folders 14-16

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains condolences on Caldwell's death, copy of eulogies and obituaries.
Box 2, Folder 14

Condolence letters 1965

Box 2, Folder 15

Eulogies 1965

Box 2, Folder 16

Obituaries 1965

 

Subseries 3.3 Miscellaneous Items 1957, 1977, undated

Physical Description: Box 2, folder 17

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains a library card of James Ralston Caldwell, resume of Katherine Field for travel to the Peoples Republic of China and an unidentified piece of manuscript music.
Box 2, Folder 17

Library card, resume of Katherine F. Caldwell and music manuscript 1957, 1977, undated