Register of the Chang Kia-ngau papers

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Archives Staff, revised by Yichen Jin
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 1998, 2014


Title: Chang Kia-ngau papers
Date (inclusive): 1856-1981
Collection Number: 74058
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Chinese, Japanese, English, and Russian
Physical Description: 27 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 1 envelope, 4 panels of calligraphy (31.4 linear feet)
Abstract: Diaries, letters, writings, reports, financial records, instructions, statistics, and printed matter relating to financial and economic conditions in China, economic conditions in Manchuria at the end of World War II, Chinese-Soviet negotiations for the return of Manchuria to Chinese control, and daily commodity prices of Chinese products, 1950-1957. Includes some materials collected from Japanese organizations, calligraphy by Liang Qichao, and letters by Chiang Kai-shek. Part of collection also available on microfilm (11 reels).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Chang, Kia-ngau, 1889-1979.
Contributor: Liang, Qichao, 1873-1929.
Contributor: Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975.

Access

Collection is open for research.
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Publication Rights

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Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Chang Kia-ngau papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Related Materials

Last Chance in Manchuria: The Diary of Chang Kia-ngau, edited by Donald G. Gillin and Ramon H. Myers, translated by Dolores Zen. Hoover Institution Press, 1989.

Biographical Note

1888 Born, outside of Shanghai, China
1910 Editor-in-chief of the Official Gazette published by the Ministry of Communications
1913 Began his banking career as assistant manager of the Bank of China in Shanghai
1913-1935 Contributed to the development of modern practices in private banking in China, fending off government control of the Bank of China
1935 Minister of Railways
1935-1943 During the Sino-Japanese war, served as Minister of Communications, accompanying the central government from Nanking to Chungking
1935-1943 Minister of Transportation
1947-1948 President, Central Bank, China
  Held various other positions of importance in the Chinese Nationalist Government
1979 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

Diaries, letters, writings, reports, financial records, instructions, statistics, and printed matter relating to financial and economic conditions in China, economic conditions in Manchuria at the end of World War II, Chinese-Soviet negotiations for the return of Manchuria to Chinese control, and daily commodity prices of Chinese products, 1950-1957. Includes some materials collected from Japanese organizations, calligraphy by Liang Qichao, and letters by Chiang Kai-shek. Part of collection also available on microfilm (11 reels).

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Prices--China.
Reconstruction (1939-1951)--China--Manchuria.
China--Economic conditions.
China--Foreign relations--Soviet Union.
Manchuria (China)--Economic conditions.
Manchuria (China)--History--1945-
Soviet Union--Foreign relations--China.
Finance, Public--China.

 

Diaries, 1856-1981

Scope and Contents note

Includes diaries documenting the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.
Box/Folder 28 : 1-5

Ping Shou Chai diary, 1856-1864

Box/Folder 15 : 20

1935 June-November

Box/Folder 15 : 21

1937 February-June

Box/Folder 15 : 22

1937 June-September

Box/Folder 15 : 23

1937 September-December

Box/Folder 15 : 24

1938 May-October

Box/Folder 15 : 25

1938 October - 1939 May

Box/Folder 12 : 1-2

Dong Bei Jie Shou Jiao She Ri Ji (Diary of Taking Over Northeastern China), 1945-1946

Box 16

Diaries and small memorandums, 1963-1981

Scope and Contents note

One diary is from 1940; unclear if actually used in that year. There is also a photo inside it of an unidentified woman.
 

Biographical File, 1934-1979, undated

Box/Folder 27 : 14

Chiang Shih-hsun estate records, 1934

Box/Folder 27 : 3

Photographs of China Merchandise Committee, 1936

Box/Folder 27 : 18

Personnel records, 1945

Box/Folder 27 : 15

Newspaper clippings about Chang Kia-Ngau, 1945-1969

Box/Folder 21 : 15

Chen Kuang-Pu biographical materials, 1955

Box/Folder 21 : 2

Last will and testament, 1979

Box/Folder 21 : 3

Autobiography, undated

Box 17

Business cards, undated

Box/Folder 21 : 1

Fortune telling materials, undated

Box/Folder 15 : 19

Name and address clippings, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes notes.
 

Correspondence, 1942-1976, undated

Box/Folder 27 : 19

Letter of appointment by Chiang Kai-shek, 1942, 1945

Box/Folder 27 : 9

Miscellaneous correspondence, 1949-1976

Scope and Contents note

Contains envelope for Chang Chinn-mau letter regarding conditions after World War II, and the decisions of Chiang Kai-shek, but letter itself is not included.
Box/Folder 23 : 7

Telegrams, 1950-1951

Box/Folder 21 : 6

Chen Kuang-Pu correspondence, 1957, 1961-1962

Box/Folder 21 : 16

Chen Kuang-Pu correspondence, 1964

Box/Folder 27 : 1

Travel records and correspondence, circa 1962-1963

Box/Folder 27 : 2

Chiang Ching-kuo, Kung Ling-kan, Li Kuo-ting, and Yen Chia-kan correspondence, undated

Box/Folder 27 : 13

Chiang Kai-shek correspondence, undated

Scope and Contents note

Photocopy
Box/Folder 27 : 7

Chou, Tsao-min introduction materials, undated

Box/Folder 23 : 8

Correspondence and memoranda of meetings with Tian-Yi Xiong, undated

Box/Folder 12 : 3

Personal instructions from Chiang Kai-shek

Box/Folder 27 : 12

Sen Bai correspondence regarding Communist party affairs, undated

 

Speeches and Writings, 1964-1968, undated

Scope and Contents note

See also: Reports and Financial Records and Shanghai Commercial Bank Documents.
Box/Folder 27 : 8

"Studies on the Economic History of Modern China," publishing materials, 1964

Box/Folder 27 : 5

"Devaluation of U.S. Dollar and Britain's Currency" speech, 1968

Box/Folder 23 : 1-2

Chen Kuang-Pu biography drafts, undated

Box/Folder 24 : 5-7

Chen Kuang-Pu biography, edited draft, undated

Box/Folder 21 : 14

Chen Kuang-Pu Xian Sheng Zhuan Ji Gao (drafts for Chen Kuang-Pu's biography), undated

Box/Folder 21 : 9

Draft chapters 9-11 of a book about bank management, undated

Box/Folder 27 : 21

Epitaph of Zhang Jun Run, undated

Box/Folder 22 : 2

Hai Guang Wen Xuan (Selected Works of Hai Guang), undated

Box/Folder 21 : 8

Incomplete draft on rehabilitation after the Anti-Japanese war, undated

Box/Folder 27 : 17

Miscellaneous study notes, undated

Box/Folder 24 : 8

Notebook of economic research, undated

Box/Folder 21 : 12

Zhong Guo Yin Hang Yu Huo Bi Chao Xiang Xian Dai Hua (The Modernization of Chinese Currency and Banking), undated

 

Reports and Financial Records, 1876-1962, undated

Scope and Contents note

See also: Banking Reports.
Box/Folder 27 : 11

Railroads-China records, 1876-1937

Box 30

Soy Beans in Manchuria, 1926

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Reports of Coal Mining Resources, 1937-1941

Box/Folder 10 : 9, 11 : 2

Wu Nian Kai Fa Ji Hua (Five Year Development Plan), 1937-1941

Box/Folder 7 : 2-3

Business materials of Man Zhou Guo, 1937-1945

Box/Folder 11 : 5

Chan Ye Huo Dong Ji Qi Zu Ai (The Progress and the Obstacles of the Industries) reports, 1940

Box/Folder 11 : 4

You Ri Man Tie Gong Ye Zi Ben Gou Cheng Suo Jian Zhi Man Zhou Kuang Gong Ye Zhi Dong Xiang (Analysis Report About the Future of Coal Mining Industry in Manchuria Based on the Capital Structure of the Manchurian Railway), 1940-1942

Box/Folder 9 : 4

Ge Gang Xian Zhuang Ping Mian Tu (Plans of All Harbors), 1940-1945

Box/Folder 11 : 3

Industrial production reports, 1940-1945

Box/Folder 11 : 6

1941 Sheng Chan Huo Dong Gai Kuang (Overview of Articles on Industrial Production in 1941), 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 1

Iron and steel purchasing reports, 1941

Box/Folder 9 : 1-2

Gang Wan He Yi Ji Xie Yi Lan Biao (Blueprints of Industrial Machinery from the Netherlands), 1942

Box/Folder 6 : 3-6

Industrial Chemicals Supply report, 1942

Box/Folder 5 : 6-7

Lao Dong Zi Liao (Labor Distribution in Different Industries), 1942

Box/Folder 11 : 1

The Status Quo and Future Plans of Heavy Industries in Man Zhou Guo, 1942

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Papers about iron and steel, 1942-1945

Box/Folder 14 : 13

Assets Lists of Soviet Preoccupied Infrastructure, 1943

Scope and Contents note

Oversize documents
Box/Folder 5 : 5

Gang Tie Yue Bao (Report of Iron and Steel), 1943

Box/Folder 8 : 2

Hua Xue Gong Ye Yao Pin Zhi Xu Gong Ce Ding Biao (Chemical Supply and Demand List), 1943

Box/Folder 5 : 3

Nong Chan Wu Gou Ru Jia Ge Shuo An Yao Ling (Price Index of Crops), 1943

Box/Folder 5 : 4

Nong Ye Jin Rong Diao Cha Bao Gao (Agricultural Finance Survey Report), 1943

Box/Folder 6 : 2

Nong Ye Zi Liao (Agricultural Materials), 1943

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Foreign trade reports, 1943-1944

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Mineral distribution plans, 1943-1944

Box/Folder 8 : 4

Man Ye Man Tie Ge Xiang Can She Zi Liao (Materials About South Manchurian Industries and Railway), 1944

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Wu Dong Yuan Liao Biao (Raw Material Lists for Steel and Aircraft Manufacturing), 1944

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Zhong Guo Zhi Bi Lun and Dong Bei Jin Rong Zheng Ce (Financial and Currency Policy of Northeast China Drafted by Japanese Government), 1944

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Nong Chan Wu Sheng Chan Diao Cha (A Survey About Crop Yield), 1944-1945

Box/Folder 26 : 8

Contracts of Major Agreement on Railway in East-Central China, 1945

Box/Folder 6 : 1

Gong Ye Zi Liao (Industrial Materials), 1945

Box/Folder 8 : 3

Man Tie You Guan Wen Jian (Materials About the South Manchurian Railway), 1945

Box/Folder 5 : 2

Man Zhou Zong He Dang Pu Gai Lan (Materials About Pawnshops in Manchuria), 1945

Box/Folder 14 : 12

Manchuria corporations files, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Oversize documents
Box/Folder 8 : 5-6

Hua Xue Gong Ye Diao Cha Bao Gao (Survey Reports About Chemical Industries), 1945-1946

Box/Folder 10 : 7

Industrial and agricultural maps, 1945-1946

Box/Folder 10 : 8

Railway maps, 1945-1946

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Zhong Yang Jun Zhan Lin Di Qu Nei Nong Chan Wu Jia Ge Tiao Jie (The Adjustment of Primary Goods Price Within the Central Military Occupation), 1945-1946

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Fu Gong Ji Hua (Budget for Rebooting Steel Manufacturing), 1945-1947

Box/Folder 10 : 2

Dong Bei Cai Zheng (Fiscal Materials of Northeastern China), 1946

Box/Folder 11 : 7-8

Dong Bei Ri Ren Lai Hu Gong Zuo Bao Gao (The Working Reports of Japanese in North-Eastern China), 1946

Box/Folder 7 : 4-5, 8 : 1

Fei Tie Jin Shu Bao Gao (Reports of Non-iron Metal Resources), 1946

Box/Folder 26 : 4

Finance Reports of Southern Manchuria, 1946

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Liu Tong Bu Men Wu Jia (Price Policy of Northeast China drafted by Japanese Government), 1946

Box/Folder 2 : 5

Mei Kuang Fu Xing Dui Ce (Rehabilitation of Coal Mining Industry) policy files, 1946

Box/Folder 26 : 3

Negotiation materials for taking over Manchuria from Russia, 1946

Box/Folder 2 : 4

Qing Gong Ye Jian She Yi Jian (Proposals for Light Industry Development in China), 1946

Box/Folder 2 : 2

The Rehabilitation of the Textile Industry of the Nine Northeastern Provinces, 1946

Box/Folder 27 : 10

Report on Japanese Assets in Manchuria to the President of the United States, 1946

Box/Folder 3 : 1

Reports of Mineral Resources in China, 1946

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Science and Technology Conception for Northeast China, 1946

Scope and Contents note

Drafted by the Japanese Science Committee.
Box/Folder 1 : 8

Science and Technology Education, Healthcare Policies for North East China, 1946

Scope and Contents note

Drafted by the Japanese Science Committee.
Box/Folder 1 : 6

Sheng Chan Guan Li Ju Di Yi Qi Fu Gong Ji Hua (First Phase of Manufacturing Rebooting), 1946

Box/Folder 2 : 1

Tie Lu Fu Yuan Ji Hua (The Plan for Railway Rehabilitation), 1946

Box/Folder 2 : 6

Zhi Jiang Ji Zhi Zhi Gong Ye (Paper Industry) reports, 1946

Box/Folder 26 : 5

Zhong Chang Lu Cha Juan (Railway Construction files); miscellaneous Russian property materials, memos, and correspondence on Northeast China, 1946

Box/Folder 2 : 3

Zhong Guo Chan Ye Kai Fa, Dong Bei Gong Ye Fu Xing (Proposals for Heavy Industry Development in China), 1946

Box/Folder 10 : 1

Hui Fu Jing Ji Shi Ye Jin Zhan (Rehabilitation of Economics) articles, 1947

Box/Folder 9 : 5

Jie Shou Ge Shi Ye Dan Wei Fen Lei Biao (List of Institutions Taken Over), 1947

Box/Folder 9 : 6

Ri Ren Yi Jian Shu (Reconstruction Proposals from Japanese Scientists), 1947

Box/Folder 26 : 7

Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliances, and Mutual Assistance, 1949

Box/Folder 26 : 2

Materials about taking over coal mining industry in Northeastern China, 1950-1951

Box 30

Price statistics of cotton, etamine, and other materials, 1950-1956

Scope and Contents note

Includes 16 lists.
Box 30

Price statistics of food in Shanghai and Beijing, 1950-1956

Scope and Contents note

Includes 42 lists.
Box 29

Statistics of coal, steel, construction materials, and wood in Beijing, Tianjing and Chongqing, 1950-1956

Scope and Contents note

Includes 25 lists.
Box/Folder 14 : 11

Agricultural products price lists, 1950-1957

Box/Folder 14 : 5

Unit price lists of Chinese textiles, 1950-1957

Box/Folder 21 : 17

Paofoong Insurance Company materials, 1950-1963

Box/Folder 14 : 4

Price list of Chinese medicine, 1951-1954

Box 29

Price statistics of Chinese traditional medicine, 1951-1954

Scope and Contents note

Includes 6 lists.
Box 29

Price statistics of construction materials, bricks, wood and cement in Shanghai, 1951-1954

Scope and Contents note

Includes 12 lists.
Box 29

Price statistics of paper, 1951-1954

Scope and Contents note

Includes 5 lists.
Box/Folder 15 : 17

Unit price lists of chemicals, medicines, and papers, 1951-1955

Box 30

Price statistics of general merchandise in Shanghai, 1951-1956

Scope and Contents note

Includes 21 lists.
Box 29

Price statistics of medicine, chemicals and dye in Shanghai, Tianjing, Wuhan, and Qingdao, 1951-1956

Scope and Contents note

Includes 24 lists.
Box/Folder 14 : 10

Coal price and gas price, 1951-1957

Box/Folder 14 : 9

Machinery materials price lists, 1951-1957

Box/Folder 14 : 6

Unit price lists of chemicals and medicines, 1951-1957

Box/Folder 14 : 7

Unit price lists of steel and building materials, 1951-1957

Box/Folder 14 : 3

Yearly price lists of general merchandise in Shanghai, Qingdao, and Guangzhou, 1951-1957

Box/Folder 15 : 16

General Commodity Quotations in Hong Kong Market, 1951-1963

Box/Folder 14 : 1

Yearly paper quotations, 1952-1955

Box 30

Price statistics of cotton, cement, sugar, acid, fertilizer, rice, paper, soda, steel, paper, iron, tobacco and other materials, 1952-1957

Scope and Contents note

Includes 21 lists.
Box/Folder 24 : 1-3

Materials about Hong Kong banking and business reports of Shanghai Commercial Bank, Hong Kong, 1952-1964

Box/Folder 27 : 20

Food supply materials, 1956-1961

Box/Folder 21 : 13

Zhong Guo Lu She Jian Shi (The History of China Travel Agency), 1962

Scope and Contents note

Drafts and printed copy
Box/Folder 12 : 4-5

Correspondence, notes, and memos on returning companies to Chinese control from the Soviet Union. Cooperation between Chinese and Soviet industry

Box/Folder 9 : 3

Gang Wan Shi She (Engineering Drawings of Manchuria Harbor Construction), undated

Box/Folder 27 : 4

An investigation of Chinese government officials' overseas bank accounts, undated

Box/Folder 14 : 2

Monthly quotations of general merchandise

Box/Folder 14 : 8

Shanghai household utility price

Box/Folder 26 : 6

Soviet and Chinese memos, agreements on Japanese reparations and property

 

Banking Reports, 1919-1957

Box/Folder 15 : 18

Currency samples, 1919-1929

Box/Folder 21 : 10

Joint Statement made by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Minister of Finance of China for press release, 1937 July 9

Box/Folder 27 : 6

China Finance Analysis Reports, 1941-1949

Box/Folder 4 : 1

National income survey, 1942-1943

Box/Folder 3 : 3-4

Fiscal material of Manchuria, 1944

Box/Folder 7 : 1

Financial materials of Manchurian currency and price index, 1945

Box/Folder 3 : 5

Fiscal and taxation materials, 1945

Box/Folder 10 : 5-6

Dong Bei Wu Jia (Price Index materials), 1945-1946

Box/Folder 10 : 3-4

Finance materials, 1946

Box/Folder 26 : 1

Memorandum of meetings with Malinovsky and general principles on economic enterprises, 1946

Box/Folder 23 : 6

Statement of cash flow, 1948

Box/Folder 12 : 6-9

Daily Commodity Quotations, 1952

Box/Folder 12 : 10-16

Daily Commodity Quotations, 1953

Box/Folder 13 : 1-13

Daily Commodity Quotations, 1954

Box/Folder 13 : 14-25

Daily Commodity Quotations, 1955

Scope and Contents note

November is not included.
Box/Folder 21 : 5

Index of files about Chinese banking and finance from Xu Xiekang, 1955 June

Box/Folder 13 : 26-31

Daily Commodity Quotations, 1956

Box/Folder 15 : 1-5

Daily Commodity Quotations, 1956

Box/Folder 15 : 6-15

Daily Commodity Quotations, 1957

 

Shanghai Commercial Bank Documents, 1915-1967, undated

Box 31

Official reports compilations of Shanghai Commercial Bank, 1915-1935

Scope and Contents note

Oversize documents
Box/Folder 22 : 5-7

Financial reports of Shanghai Commercial Bank, 1932-1943

Box 29

Financial reports of Shanghai Commercial Bank, 1936-1946

Scope and Contents note

Includes 6 lists.
 

Work diaries about transformation of Shanghai Commercial Bank after Anti-Japanese War, 1939-1979

Box 18

1939, 1941-1943, 1945, 1946, 1948

Box 19

1961, 1963, 1968-1973

Box 20

1974-1979

Box/Folder 27 : 16

A stock certificate of Shanghai Commercial Bank, 1947

Box/Folder 23 : 3

Shanghai Commercial Bank balance sheets, 1951-1958, 1963

 

"History of Shanghai Commercial Bank" documents, 1951-1965

Box/Folder 22 : 3

Drafts of "History of Shanghai Commercial Bank," 1951

Box/Folder 25 : 7-8

References for "Fiftieth Anniversary of Shanghai Commercial Bank," 1958-1960

Box/Folder 25 : 2

Chapters 1-5 of "Fiftieth Anniversary of Shanghai Commercial Bank," 1965

Box/Folder 25 : 1

"Fiftieth Anniversary of Shanghai Commercial Bank," 1965

Box/Folder 25 : 5

First draft of "Fiftieth Anniversary of Shanghai Commercial Bank," 1965

Box/Folder 23 : 5

Draft of "History of Shanghai Commercial Bank," undated

Box/Folder 22 : 8

Drafts of "History of Shanghai Commercial Bank," undated

Box/Folder 25 : 3-4

Drafts of "History of Shanghai Commercial Bank," undated

Box/Folder 25 : 6

Materials for "Fiftieth Anniversary of Shanghai Commercial Bank," undated

Box/Folder 22 : 1

"Shanghai Bank in 1951," undated

Box/Folder 21 : 4

Correspondence (in English) with Lawrence Morris, E. K. Hsu, George H. Greene, Ambassador Hollington K. Tong, Bang How; summary of Shanghai Commercial Bank and US Treasury and frozen funds, miscellaneous Chinese note, 1956-1957, 1963

Box/Folder 21 : 11

Paperwork from Shanghai Commercial Bank, 1957

Box/Folder 21 : 7

Minutes of a board meeting of Shanghai Commercial Bank, 1960

Box/Folder 24 : 4

Annual Report to the share holders of Shanghai Commercial Bank, 1960-1963

Box/Folder 22 : 4

Board Meeting reports of Shanghai Commercial Bank in Taiwan, 1964-1967

Box/Folder 23 : 4

Notebook of Chinese Fiscal and Currency Policies, undated

Photo file

Photographs, undated

Envelope A

1 print depicting Chang Kia-ngau

Memorabilia cabinet

Memorabilia, undated

 

Four panels of calligraphy

 

Two late Ch'ing Dynasty teacups