Information for Researchers
Scope and Content of Collection
Collection Title: William Carey Jones papers
Date (inclusive): 1834-1923,
Date (bulk): bulk 1884-1923
Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 536
Jones, William Carey, 1854-1923;
Jones, William Carey, 1814-1867
Number of containers: 6 boxes, 1 carton, 1 portfolio
Linear feet: 4.5
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Abstract: The William Carey Jones Papers comprise the professional correspondence and research files of William Carey Jones, 1854-1923,
administrator, professor, and founder and first director of the School of Jurisprudence at the University of California. The
papers include extensive materials relating to Jones' administrative appointments at the University of California, including
his membership on the advisory board of the Phoebe A. Hearst International Architectural Competition, and his term as dean
of the Graduate Division, as well as his academic positions on the faculty of the Department of History and the Department
of Jurisprudence, prior to the founding of the School of Jurisprudence. The collection also contains drafts and notes for
Illustrated History of the University of California, and correspondence and writings regarding city charters in California and elsewhere. Also included are documents belonging
to Jones' father, William Carey Jones, 1814-1867, relating to land title claims in California, including Rancho Santa Ana
y Quien Sabe, and the San Francisco Pueblo Lands.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English and French
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information
on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Information for Researchers
Collection is open for research.
All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head
of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94270-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The
Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright
owner. Such permission must obtained from the copyright owner. See:
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research
and educational purposes.
[Identification of item], William Carey Jones Papers, BANC MSS C-B 536, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Alternate Forms Available
Letters from Josiah Royce to William Carey Jones, (Box 2, Folder 15), is also available on microfilm (BANC MSS X-X FILM 10).
Additional Notes on Collection:
3 boxes and 2 cartons of additions to the William Carey Jones papers, previously identified by the call number BANC MSS 76/166
c, have been integrated into this collection.
Documents pertaining to the adjudication of private land claims in California, BANC MSS Land Case Files (individual call number
Chapters from a manuscript written by University of California Professor of Jurisprudence Dudley Odell McGovney have been
separated and added to a new collection:
Our 18th Century Heritage of United Democracy: ms., circa 1940, by Dudley Odell McGovney, BANC MSS 2007/108.
Administrative records have been transferred to the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law records in the University
Archives in The Bancroft Library, CU-48.
A scrapbook of clippings concerning the Kaweah Colony, given by William Carey Jones and William A. Knowles, has been transferred
to BANC MSS C-V 24.
Issues of the
Kaweah Commonwealth have been added to the
Kaweah Commonwealth collection, xfF868.T8K28.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Jones, William Carey, 1854-1923--Archives
Jones, William Carey, 1814-1867--Archives
University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Jurisprudence
University of California, Berkeley. School of Jurisprudence
University of California, Berkeley. School of Law
University of California (1868-1952)--Faculty
Rancho Santa Ana y Quien Sabe
Land tenure--California--San Francisco
California--Politics and government
Bartlett, Louis, 1872-1960
Cable, G.W. (George Washington), 1844-1925.--Correspondence
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900.--Correspondence
Dunbar, Charles Franklin, 1830-1900.--Corespondence
Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner.--Correspondence
Ford, Paul Leicester, 1865-1902.--Correspondence
Gilman, Daniel Coit, 1831-1908.--Correspondence
Hanna, Edward Joseph, 1860-1944.--Correspondence
Hart, Albert Bushnell, 1854-1943.--Correspondence
Hastings, Serranus Clinton, 1814-1893.--Correspondence
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919.--Correspondence
Hittell, Theodore Henry, 1830-1917.--Correspondence
Holden, Edward Singleton, 1846-1914.--Correspondence
Hosmer, Hezekiah L. (Hezekiah Lord), 1814-1893.--Correspondence
Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910.--Correspondence
Kellogg, Martin, 1828-1903.--Correspondence
London, Jack, 1876-1916.--Correspondence
McKinstry, Elisha William, 1825-1901.--Correspondence
Miller, Adolph Caspar, 1866-1930.--Correspondence
Moses, Bernard, 1846-1930.--Correspondence
Reid, William Thomas, 1842-1922.--Correspondence
Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916.--Correspondence
Slack, Charles William, 1858-1945.--Correspondence
Stebbins, Horatio, 1821-1902.--Correspondence
Stoddard, Charles Warren, 1843-1909.--Correspondence
Taussig, Frank William, 1859-1940.--Correspondence
Walker, Francis Amasa, 1840-1897.--Correspondence
Wheeler, Benjamin Ide, 1854-1927.--Correspondence
Worcester, Joseph, 1836-1913.--Correspondence
Manuscripts for publication.
The William Carey Jones papers, C-B 536, were acquired by the Bancroft Library beginning with a donation from William Carey
Jones of five letters regarding the Kaweah Colony. Additions of two boxes were donated by Frank Melvin Bumstead in August
1935. Additions of three boxes, as well as a portfolio containing materials on California land cases, were purchased from
Mrs. Francis Freyers by the Bancroft Library in July 1954. Additions of two boxes and one carton, previously identified under
the call number BANC MSS 67/177 c, were transferred from the Law Library in 1976.
No additions are expected.
System of Arrangement
Arranged to the folder level.
Processed by Josh Schneider in 2006.
Background and Early Education
William Carey Jones, former professor of law at the University of California, was born on October 15, 1854 in Washington DC,
to a well-respected family with strong political and military ties. His father, also named William Carey Jones, was a United
States Land Commissioner, who in 1849 headed the government's investigation into land titles in California. His mother, Eliza
Benton Jones, was the sister of General John Charles Frémont and the daughter of Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri. Proceeding
further back on his father's side, Jones was the great grandnephew of General Joseph Warren, who fell at Bunker Hill, and
of Benjamin Thompson, later Count Rumford, a Loyalist and scientist whose inventions included central heating, the closed
oven, thermal underwear, and the pressure cooker.
The younger William Carey Jones was educated at public and private schools until the age of 17, when he enrolled at the University
of California, founded only three years prior to his arrival. Throughout his time as a student at the University of California,
Jones avidly pursued his interest in the law. He compensated for the lack of a formal program of legal education on the Berkeley
campus by supplementing his coursework in political theory and history with independent readings into the theory and practice
of law in California. He received his A.B. from the University of California in 1875, after submitting as his bachelor's
thesis an essay entitled,
Alfred the Great and George Washington.
Teacher and Administrator
Jones had intended upon graduating to immediately enter into practice. However, members of the University of California faculty
and administration had recognized his talent in legal matters, and had begun requesting for his services. In 1876, University
of California President John Le Conte offered Jones an administrative role as Recorder of the Faculties. In 1877, Jones was
appointed instructor in Latin at the insistence of Professor (and future university president) Martin Kellogg. In 1879, after
passing the bar exam and receiving his M.A., he attempted to resign his position at the University of California, in order
to once again pursue practice of law in San Francisco. His attempt at resignation met with swift opposition from the Board
of Regents. They referred the matter to a special committee, chaired by Dr. Horatio Stebbins, who personally convinced Jones
to stay on at the university.
From 1882-1894, Jones taught courses in Roman law, constitutional law, international law, and jurisprudence, as an Instructor
in United States History and Constitutional Law in the History Department. In 1894, the President and Board of Regents created
a new Department of Jurisprudence. Jones was selected to chair the new department, whose creation signaled the beginning of
a formal program of legal education on the campus.
The 1868 Organic Act, which created and organized the University of California, included provision for the establishment of
a law college. The Hastings College of Law, founded in San Francisco in 1878 through the generous funding of the first Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court of California, Serranus Clinton Hastings, began offering courses in conjunction with the University
of California Department of Jurisprudence in 1898. Following extended discussions among William Carey Jones, President Benjamin
Ide Wheeler, and other longtime supporters of the University of California, the decision was reached to establish a more robust
program of legal education at the university, which would focus on abstract concepts as well as more practical applications,
and which would benefit from being in close proximity to the other academic departments and resources of the Berkeley campus.
On November 12, 1912, following fourteen more years of development and planning, the Department of Jurisprudence was transformed
into the School of Jurisprudence, with a new home at Boalt Hall, named for Elizabeth Boalt, who contributed $100,000 towards
the construction of the law school building. Jones was appointed its first director, a position he held until his death in
Besides serving as a de facto legal advisor to the University throughout his career, Jones served as a strong advocate of
the University. He helped attract many talented faculty, and was also a successful fundraiser, who played a major role in
strengthening Phoebe Hearst's relationship with the University. Although the Regents selected Benjamin Ide Wheeler to succeed
Martin Kellogg as President in 1899, Jones was under heavy consideration for that position, and there is some evidence that
his candidacy remained under consideration throughout his academic career.
Jones served as dean of the Graduate Division from 1918 to 1920, and in 1919 also served as chairman of the administrative
board that presided over the University in the nine-month interim between President Benjamin Ide Wheeler's resignation and
the inauguration of David S. Barrows.
Among his many contributions to the University of California, Jones wrote the University's first comprehensive history,
The Illustrated History of the University of California, first published in 1895. A revised edition of that volume, covering the university's history to the turn of the 20th century,
was published in 1901.
Public Servant and Legal Scholar
Apart from his close relationship with the University, Jones was very active in the affairs of the City of Berkeley. He served
for six years as President of the Berkeley Board of Education (1884-1890), and also held a seat for two years on the Berkeley
City Council (1894-1896). Jones served as President of the Berkeley Unitarian Club (1908), and also served as Chair of the
Board of Trustees of the First Unitarian Church of Berkeley (1911).
Jones was a member of the American, California, and Alameda County Bar Associations, the Phi Beta Kappa scholarship society,
and the Commonwealth Club of California, as well as the Golden Bear and Winged Helmet Clubs of the University of California.
Following many years of local affiliation, Jones also served as President of the National Committee of the Woodrow Wilson
Jones helped write or amend the charters of many California cities, including Berkeley, Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Francisco,
and Vallejo, and was often contacted by municipal governments throughout the United States for his legal expertise. He also
authored numerous scholarly publications and articles, including treatises on torts in
Modern American Law, papers on constitutional law in the
California Law Review, and a number of legal textbooks, including the
Elements of Civil Government (1891).
Personal and Family Life
Jones married twice; his first marriage, to Alice Harriet Whitcomb, of Berkeley, took place on October 17, 1880. They had
one daughter, Alice Benton. Jones' second marriage, to Ada M. Butterfield, of San Francisco, took place on November 18, 1893.
Together they had two daughters, Frances Carey, and Elsie.
Jones maintained close ties with his children, and in the final year of his life, he visited his daughter Alice and her husband,
Willys Ruggles Peck, at their home in Peking, China. William Carey Jones died in Peking on October 2, 1923.
||William Carey Jones is born on October 15, in Washington, D. C.
||Receives A.B. from the University of California
||Appointed Recorder of the Faculties
||Appointed Instructor in Latin
||Receives M.A. from the University of California
||Admitted to the State Bar of California
||Marries Alice Harriet Whitcomb, of Berkeley, on October 17
||Appointed Instructor in United States History
||Serves as President of the Board of Education of Berkeley
The Elements of Civil Government is published
||Marries Ada M. Butterfield, of San Francisco, on November 18
||Serves as member of the Berkeley City Council
||First edition of
The Illustrated History of the University of California is published
||Nominated by Phoebe A. Hearst as the University Representative and Trustee of her endowment to the University
||Serves as Secretary of the California Historical Society
||Revised edition of
The Illustrated History of the University of California is published
||Serves as President of the Berkeley Unitarian Club
||Serves as Chair of the Board of Trustees of the First Unitarian Church of Berkeley
||Becomes Director of School of Jurisprudence
||Serves as Dean of Graduate Division
||Serves as Chairman of the Board of Administration of the University
||Serves as President of the National Committee of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation
||William Carey Jones dies on October 2, in Peking, China
Scope and Content of Collection
The William Carey Jones papers comprise the professional correspondence and research files of William Carey Jones, 1854-1923,
professor, administrator, and first director of the School of Jurisprudence at the University of California.
Jones' extensive correspondence with faculty and administrators of the University of California, including seven presidents
of the university, represents one of the collection's major strengths. Correspondents from the University of California include
presidents Daniel Coit Gilman, William Thomas Reid, Edward Singleton Holden, Horace Davis, Martin Kellogg, and Benjamin Ide
Wheeler; professors Josiah Royce, Bernard Moses, and Horatio Stebbins; university librarian and archivist Joseph Cummings
Rowell; and philanthropist Phoebe Apperson Hearst. Much of the University of California correspondence relates to the creation
of the Department of Jurisprudence, as well as the founding of the School of Jurisprudence under Jones' direction.
Notable correspondents outside of the University of California include writers Jack London, George Washington Cable, and Charles
Warren Stoddard; historians Albert Bushnell Hart, Herbert Baxter Adams, and Theodore Henry Hittell; economists Adolph Caspar
Miller, Francis Amasa Walker, Charles Franklin Dunbar, and Frank William Taussig; State Supreme Court Justices Serranus Clinton
Hastings, Elisha William McKinstry, and Hezekiah Lord Hosmer; Mayor Louis Bartlett of Berkeley, and Mayor Edward Hull Crump,
of Memphis, Tennessee; physician and philanthropist Levi Cooper Lane; anthropologist Frank Hamilton Cushing; abolitionist
and social activist Julia Ward Howe; and Swedenborgian minister Joseph Worcester.
Another of the collection's strengths includes an extensive file on city charters, including correspondence, notes, essays,
and annotated charter drafts. The charter materials relate primarily to California cities; correspondence and notes on the
creation and amendment of the charters of Berkeley, Fresno, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Vallejo are particularly extensive.
The file culminates in the inclusion of a hand-bound volume of writings and articles collectively titled
Full Text of Model City Charter Drafted by William Carey Jones.
Although the collection includes a small number of unpublished essays, the draft materials and related correspondence for
Jones' published works are not very well represented. A notable and fortunate exception to the scarce documentation of Jones'
writings can be found in the inclusion of a comprehensive set of background materials for Jones'
The Illustrated History of the University of California, the first comprehensive history of the university. These materials, which include biographical notes, annotations, and drafts,
often demonstrate the same methodical reasoning, penchant for detail, and strict adherence to presenting factual evidence
unimpeded by emotion or bravado that typify Jones' legal opinions.
However, the drafts also reveal Jones' talent for infusing these characters from the early life of the university with a relevance,
substance, and vitality that is undeniably facilitated by Jones' intimate familiarity with the contributions of his subjects
on a personal as well as a professional level. The
Illustrated History background materials, replete with illustrations and anecdotal recollections, enable a researcher to see the author's unmistakable
dedication to ensuring that the rich history of the young university and its founders would be transmitted with the same candor
and steady purpose that is revealed in those who contributed, through their accomplishments and sacrifices, to the university's
creation and early successes.
The collection also includes limited materials relating to investigations into California land claim cases conducted by Jones'
father at the behest of the Commissioner of the United States General Land Office following the Mexican Cession. The land
case materials, which relate primarily to Rancho Santa Ana y Quien Sabe, and the San Francisco Pueblo Lands, represent a particularly
valuable addition to the collection on their own merits. In this context, they also provide a researcher with further perspective
into Jones' life and early influences.