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Preliminary Inventory to the Louis Paul Lochner Collection, 1934-1946
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Box 1

a. Ribbentrop - Correspondence with Hitler and Hitler's Adjutants, etc., 1934-1936 (originals and carbons) regarding German-British relations. Includes newspaper clippings.


b. German-Russian relations, 1939-1940. Lochner's translations of documents and telegrams. Includes the following:


Summary (dated Sept. 19, 1946) of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Germany from their beginning in 1922 until the outbreak of hostilities on June 24, 1941. Based on documents found in the German Foreign Office. Footnote HCH: "most important documentation on the subject"

Physical Description: (28 p.).

Memos, 1939 (secret).


Memos, 1940 (secret).


Memos, 1941 (secret).


"Accord on Spoils Cited by Germans," Times, May 22, 1946.


"Molotov-Ribbentrop Secret Protocol," The Tablet (London), October 19, 1946.


c. Nine letters from Count Potocki to Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland (February 1937-1939).

Box 2

a. Bernard, General - report of meeting with Hitler.


b. Brauchitsch - letter to, autumn 1941, by member of resistance.


c. Church - in Germany prior to W.W. II.


d. Church - in Germany after W.W. II.


e. Communism.


f. Correspondence - miscellaneous.


g. Documents - (copies) drawn up by Keitel and Ribbentrop, August 1940.


h. Essays - conditions in Germany during and after W.W. II.


i. French Occupation Zone - essay.


j. German Law - history and interpretation of certain paragraphs.


k. Gestapo - Arrest of Pastor Moerike, April 10, 1938.


l. Goerdeler, Karl - copy of letter to Mrs. Goerdeler in commemoration of her husband's death (exec. in February or March 1945 ).


m. Hitler and Christianity - documents.


n. Jews - persecution of, W.W. II.


o. Kleffel, Walter - "Zeitliche" thoughts about Germany by a well-known publicist.


p. Lammers, Clemens (Dr.) - leading German industrialist, excerpts from a letter to Lochner.


q. Lochner, Louis - personal; requests, thank-yous, etc.


r. Miscellaneous.


s. Miscellaneous requests to Occupation Forces in Germany.


t. Nazi concentration camps.


u. Polish and Russian occupation - reports from East German provinces.


v. Politics - Germany after W.W. II.


w. Press - Reconstruction of press in post-Hitler Germany.


x. Refugees (German) - misery, appeals for help.


y. Relief work of churches in Germany after W.W. II.


z. Reports from West Germany after W.W. II.


aa. Rommel, Erwin Generalfeldmarschall - copy of a letter to Mrs. Rommel regarding the erection of a monument honoring Rommel, March 7, 1945.


bb. Russian occupation - events in Koenigsberg since 4-9-45; partial list of persons arrested.


cc. Schroder, G. (Pastor) - "Aber von innen gesehen...", Potsdam, Germany, March 30, 1946. Bound typewritten manuscript. 47 p. His experiences and some events during the Third Reich seen in a spiritual light.


dd. SS (Schutzstaffel) - History.


ee. Some opinions - right after German collapse (Dr. Piening) and in the years following.


ff. "Sovjet Union" - German report, 1945.


gg. Sudeten Germans - 1938.

Box 3

a. Thomas, General (German) - his position regarding Hitler prior to W.W. II, his arrest in connection with the July 20, 1944 attempted assassination of Hitler.


b. U.S. and British Occupation Forces - regulations, etc.


c. Vorspiel Zum Krieg Im Osten - review of book by Grigore Gragencu.


d. Wulle - an appeal describing experiences under the Nazi Party, 1938-1942.


e. Zienau, Oswald - letter to Lochner, June 13, 1946; list of 126 persons executed by Nazis.


f. Miscellaneous magazine, pamphlet, newspaper, etc. clippings.


g. Anti and pro-Nazi underground materials.

Box 4



6. RESOLUTION BY ALL POLITICAL PARTIES REPRESENTED IN THE PROVISIONAL PARLIAMENT OF GREAT HESSE, objecting to the manner in which houses were being requisitioned for occupation troops. The resolution was adopted June 7, 1946.



Scope and Content Note

The papers were contributed by the Office of the Catholic Monsigneur Albert Buttner, who conducts a Kirchliche Hilfsstelle, or Church aid office at Stresemanne Allee 36, Frankfurt/Main, South.
This collection is but the beginning of quite an assemblage of material that the Mnsgr. has offered to put together for the Hoover Library. I believe that the eye-witness reports are especially valuable. They give the impression of honest, straight-forward accounts.
The Mnsgr. summaries of the situation must naturally be taken with a grain of salt as they are intended to castigate the injustices to the victims of expulsions.
For the reader of the English language only the English translation of "The Czech Conquest of Saaz, Sudetengau" should be especially revealing as photostatic copies of certain findings are attached to that translation. It will be further noted that of several other documents there is an original German version and an English translation.

23. A CHECK LIST OF CURRENT SERIALS in the United States Zone of Germany. (Sept. 1946.) Prepared by the Library of Congress Mission HQ. U S. Forces, European Theater, APO 757, U.S. Army.

Scope and Content Note

This is the most complete list compiled ththerto on publication in the U.S. Zone of Germany. Even the Information Services Control Control Division (ISCD) of Military Government which licenses all publishers was surprised to see the list; it was admitted that it was more complete even than the records of ISCD.
The Hoover Library under the pool arrangement with the Library of Con gress is supposed regularly to obtain copies of allthe titles listed, at least until January. If I have been correctly informed the various libraries will be asked thereafter which publication they desire to receive.

26. ONE PAGE MEMORANDUM ON HOW THE SOVIETS TRIED TO MAKE THE OTHER PARTIES IN THE LITTLE TOWN OF PARCHIM, MECHLEMBERG COME INTO THE COMMUNIST FOLD. Contributed by a young man named Gerd Niehoff whose father owned a newspaper at Parchim in pre-Nazi times.


30. "BIERZEITUNG", a humorous mimeographed monthly paper published by the staff personnel of the "2nd German Infantry Regiment" stationed at Munster.

Scope and Content Note

The paper contains funny cartoons and humorous poetry. Issue dated September 1935.


Scope and Content Note

This physician was appointed health officer of the Berlin section of Lichterfelde, and was assured at the time of his assuming responsibility for the health of 26,000 people that his home would not be requisitioned. The assurance was given him by American Billeting Officer and the German Room Assignment Officer. Nevertheless he was ejected on the grounds that some American Captain needed the home as a billet. This was in violation of the directive that proven anti-Nazis were not to be molested if possible and requisitions limited to the homes of Nazis.


Scope and Content Note

This gentleman visited me one day after he had read the notice concerning my assignment in Germany. He had been a ministerial director in the Reich Ministry of Finance, but beyond that I know nothing about the gentleman.


Scope and Content Note

As I told the "Dr." it seemed to me to be impossible to launch such a project as long as the "trading with the enemy act" obtains, since it will be unlawful for Americans to engage with Germans in commercial enterprise.
I have included the project in the collection merely to show how strong is the wish in Germany to come into friendly relations again with American thought. Both the original German and Dr. Buechner's English translation are submitted.

37. IMPERIALISTIC METHODS OF GOVERNMENT (1946). Copy of an article supplied to the students of the English Seminary of Berlin University. It abounds in attacks on the Western Powers. The University of Berlin is under Russian Domination.


39. CASE HISTORY OF AN ANTI-NAZI, DR. RUDOLF PANDER, whose many appeals for better treatment seem to have been of no avail.


40. ARTICLE ENTITLED "DIE BRUECKE" (THE BRIDGE) written during the summer of 1946 by a German prisoner of war in Egypt. This soldier tries to make clear to the youth of Germany how wrong have been the ideologies which they followed. At the same time he wants to point the way to construct "The Bridge" toward establishing a New Germany which shall lead Germany back into the family of nations.


41. "NUREMBERGER EXTRA BLATT". A humorous publication issued in a very limited edition to give the angle of reporters of the new German press on the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial. Its cartoons of men like Lord Justice Sir Geoffrey Lawrence or Francis A. Biddle are especially good.



Scope and Content Note

This brief compact description of the disaster that overtook the town of Wurzburg, principle centre of German Baroque architecture, on March 16, 1945, is one of the most gripping eye-witness accounts of the destruction of a city due to the stupidity of Hitler's SS Guards. The city had been warned to capitulate or else be destroyed by fire. Within a few hours one of the most beautiful cities in Germany became a ghastly shambles due to Nazi obstinacy. The episode is described by Prof. Dr. Hermann Luedke, native of Wurzburg until 1946, when he was appointed Chief of all the city hospitals in nearby Schweinfurt, and Health Officer for the district. Luedke is a proven anti-Nazi.


Scope and Content Note

The play by the Chief Medical Officer of Sweinfurt merited unstinted praise by the Abraham Lincoln Society of America. One American critic pronounced it the best play yet written around the personality of the Great Emancipator. I have tried to interest ISCD in Berlin in having the play produced on some Berlin Stage and Major Bitter who is in charge of Music and Drama seemed decidedly interested.

46. "GERMANY". Copy of a letter written by a woman named Ruth Fischer, date of origin not named, which was screened by the civilian censorship division of Military Government at Offenbach, and was deemed so important that a copy of it was made for the records of Intelligence. The writer outlines very clearly what the plot of Soviet Russia is for making a Bolshevik State of Germany. Unfortunately there was no information available to me as to who the woman is.


69. EXPOSE ON THE FUTURE OF THE GERMAN PRESS. This exposé of five typewritten pages was written at the request of Military Government by Dr. Hermann Katzengerger, former press-officer in the German Foreign Office. Katzenberger is now business-manager of "Neue Zeit" (New Times) organ of the Christian-Democratic Union. Katzenberger opposes newspapers that are financed by individuals and believes that papers should be owned by the political parties. One may well disagree with this point of view. Katzenberger, however, has a fine reputation for personal integrity.


70. CLAY AND THE CATHOLIC BISHOPS. The Catholic Bishops assembled at Fulda, July 3, 1946, requested General Clay to transmit a plea to President Truman concerning the starving expellees from Eastern Germany. Clay declined to pass this petition on.



Scope and Content Note

This eight-page description of how the citizens of the little Suabian city of Heidenheim outwitted the Nazis who wanted to blow up the city was given me by an intelligence office of Stuttgart Military Government with the assurance that a chekc-up of the sotry had proven its authenticity. The story reads almost like a novel.

72. SIDELIGHTS ON SOVIET OCCUPATION. Enclosed is a group of three confidential documents from intelligence officers at Berlin, two of which throw light on the daily squabbles between American and Russian Authorities in Berlin, while the third speaks of the displacement of children in the Russian zone. They all bear recent dates, August and September 1946.


73. SPURIOUS SPEECH ASCRIBED TO THE LATE CARDINAL VON GALEN. This speech has been circulated widely in Catholic circles with the claim that it was delivered in Rome in March, 1946. It has been proven that it was neither written nor delivered by the late Cardinal. It tries to throw suspicion against the occupation authorities and does so very cleverly.


75. SIDELIGHTS ON THE GERMAN COMMUNIST PARTY. Communists under date of August 12, 1946 demanded that the same type of land reform or total expropriation of all landholders who owned more than 100 hectares of land as was forced through in the Soviet Zone. Their "Open Letter" is the first item in the enclosed collection.

Scope and Content Note

Next they objected to the writing of constitutions for the three sections of Germany, occupation by American troops on the grounds that this would prevent German unity. It is obvious that the Communists are hoping to dominate all of Germany, in which case, the same Soviet pattern would obtain throughout the Reich. American policy aims at decentralization.
A liberal Democratic leader of Wurtemberg-Baden reported confidentially on the tactics of the Soviets in Berlin in their dealings with the Democratic parties. His report constitutes the third item for this envelope.

76. "VOM RHEIN ZUR RHONE" (FROM RHINE TO RHONE). Just a photographic propaganda sheet glorifying the success of German arms in the time when the Nazis were winning.




1. Report by Lord Mayor Klett on one year of occupation and reconstruction delivered April 28, 1946.


2. Special of the "Rhine Neckar Zeitung" showing the results of the election of delegates to the provisional parliament of Wurtemburg-Baden.


3. Another edition of Stuttgart Zeitung.


4. Open letter to Dr. Schumacher, leader of the Social-Democrats by Max Fechner, former Social-Democrat who went into the Communist-dominated Socialist-Unity Party. (Two printed and one typewritten copies). The Open-letter was widely distributed during the Wurtemburg-Baden elections to undermine Dr. Schumacher.


5. "Peace, Freedom and Socialism", by Dr. Kurt Schumacher. This speech was regarded as Schumacher's reply to the accusations of Fechner. Schumacher, it should be stated is a one-armed war veteran who spent much time in a concentration camp because of his opposition to Nazism. It is therefore difficult for the Communists to attack him effectually.


79. NAZI CARD OF CONDOLENCE. The printed form enclosed herewith is interesting because of its heartless machine character. All that the local boss had to do was have his secretary fill in the name of the family and the place and day, whereupon his own signature was affixed.


84. "ECONOMIC NEWS ON THE SOVIET UNION". My letter to Mr. Hoover dated October 16, explains the importance of this secret document, not because of its revelation that the Germans had an efficient system of monitoring Russian economic reports as they were delivered from factory to factory and to the central administration at Moscow. Werner Stein who monitored these reports, has written a six-page memorandum on just how the system worked which I should be glad to translate after completion of my first swing aroung the circle during my lecture itinerary. It appears that the Germans were able to keep accurate tabs on what happened behind the famed "Iron Curtain" so far as industrial progress was concerned.


85. "FACES IN THE NIGHT", CONTRIBUTED BY H. HARTEL, AMERICAN CENSOR AT OFFENBACH. This is a collection of reproductions of pictures by a German artist, Erich Martin, who saw Nazism a hideous something that impressed itself in such a manner upon his soul that he committed his horrible visions to paper. The significance of each picture has been indicated by the author himself and translated by Mr. Hartel.



Scope and Content Note

This is a pot-pourri of various documents collected by Mr. Hartel consisting partly of election hand-bills for the Kassel district; partly of an election program by a new party, the National-Democrats; by another party, the Democratic Peoples' Party. It also contains a list of all the former Nazi Party members in Wiess-Baden, a speech by Dr. Wagembach of Giessen; a speech by the Social-Democratic leader for Greater Hesse, Wilhelm Knowthe; and a pamphlet, "Questions and Answers", by Anton Ackermann on the alleged necessity for a union of the Communists and Social-Democrats. Finally, it contains excerpts from letters by refugees that went through the censorship as well as a few poems written under the impact of expulsion.
Box 5

90. SUDETEN MATERIAL. This collection of data concerning the feeding of the Germans, especially Catholics, ejected from the Sudeten area of Czechoslovakia was given Mr. Hugh Gibson during our European trip. It further complements an earlier collection of such documents which I gathered last October for the Library. The moving spirit is Msgr. Albert Buttner of Frankfurt, whose office is a clearing house for information concerning the Sudeten Germans and a distribution point for relief to the distressed expellees.


92. COPY OF LETTER BY THE SUB-PREFECT OF THE FRENCH ZONE AT FREIBURG informing all the German political parties that in the election speeches there must be no mention of a German central government, of the internationization of the Ruhr and Rhineland and of the economic junction of the Saar to France.



Scope and Content Note

A collection of Austrian denazification laws as supplied by the principal denazification officer for American Military Government in Austria, Mr. M. Wallach.


Scope and Content Note

A collection of Military Government orders, posters and graphs, British questionnaire (Fragebogen), directives, registration blank (Meldebogen), and two monthly denazification reports. There is also a "NOTE ON DENAZIFICATION IN THE HANSESTADT HAMBURG", a copy of the famous letter of Franz Karl Maier of Stuttgart, charging the Prime Minister of Wuerttemberg-Baden with collaboration with the Nazis, and a request of the denazification minister, a Dr. Kamm, to rule on his objections to certain phases of denazification. There is also a plan attached for changing the Law for Liberation from National Socialism and Militarism drafted by Major William J. Garlock, a director of the denazification division of Military Government for Wurttemberg-Baden.

95. POLITICAL PAHPHLETS AND DOCUMENTS FROM WURTTEMBERG-BADEN. These handbills and appeals were issued during the 1936 election campaigns.



Scope and Content Note

This convention was held 30th of August to 1st of September 1946 at Kornwestheim bei (near) Stuttgart.


Scope and Content Note

This document, dated 11 February 1939, contains the indictment against a man from Stuttgart named Richard Schmid, who is accused of complicity in a treasonable plot. The document is interesting as showing just how the Gestapo framed its indictments.


Scope and Content Note

This report is a digest of the decisions and results of the Laenderrat Meeting in Stuttgart, 3 December 1946.


Scope and Content Note

A collection of documents indicating the problems of the capital of Wurttemberg-Baden, Stuttgart.


Scope and Content Note

This envelope contains a document explaining the Regional Government Coordinating Office in the American Zone, as well as biographical material concerning various German officials in the American Zone.

104. REFUGEE CAMP OVERCROWDING. A typical report by a local health officer to American Military Government in Wurttemberg-Baden, indicating an increased hazard of epidemics, especially of diphtheria.


102. GOODWILL YOUTH CLUB. STUTTGART. By-laws of a Club formed under American auspices of young Germans and Americans.



Scope and Content Note

Miss Dill, who described herself as an authoress of Bad Durkheim in the French Zone, sent the attached documents to Mr. Hoover during his February food mission.




Scope and Content Note

Two copies of the issue for December-January, 1946-47.
This publication opens with an article on the German Economic position written by Dr. Wissmann of Wiesbaden, who has repeatedly contributed material to the Hoover Library.


Scope and Content Note

"Gefahr fur den Weltfrieden" (Danger to World Peace), written by von Megullnoff. In this article of eight typewritten pages this antibolshevik Russian who is living in Berlin in exile makes the interesting observation that the communists paid far more attention to the question of systematic spread of propaganda than is commonly supposed. He gives a dizzying array of statistics taken from official Russian sources.


Scope and Content Note

"Die Existenzmoglichkeit Deutschlands in Beziehung zur Festlegung seiner Grenzen." (The Possibilities for Existence for Germany as related to the Fixation of her Boundaries.) A brief, purposeful expose of five typewritten pages by a Dr. Grimm, former executive director of the Chamber of Commerce of Hirschberg, Silesia. Dr. Grimm seeks to prove that the eastern boundaries of Germany as now interpreted by the Russians and the Poles will mean a catastrophe. The author emphasizes that he is NOT a Nazi and has never had anything to do with Nazism.


Scope and Content Note

Two typewritten pages on recent developments in the Russian Zone concerning Land Reform, Provisioning of Greater Berlin, and the Deportation of German skilled Workers. Rev. Wilde is a Lutheran pastor who is a keen observer of things and who stood in the forefront of the fight against Hitler and Communism.
Box 5

Damm, Paul - Correspondence, 1946-1948

Box 6

29. Helmuth Wissmann Collection


36. Photostat of Typical Russian Secret Service (NKVD) Passport


51. Major Merle A. Potter Collection


60. Sudeten Documents Submitted by Mr. Hartert


61. Proceedings of the Social Democratic Party Convention at Hanover, May 8-11, 1946


66. Documents from the Hohenzollern Archives


67. Papers Submitted by Prine Louis Ferdinand of Prussia in an Issue of "The Bavarian" Published by the Third Military Government Reg.


78. Otto Nuschke Papers


81. Newspaper Article by Max Schnitzer on the Hoover War Library


89. "Die Ernaehrung des Deutschen Volkes" (The Nutrition (Food) of the German People) by Dr. Wilhelm Ziegelmayer

Box 7

103. Economic Data Concerning Germany Supplied by Paul Damm of Berlin


107. Troop Information and Education


108. Army Indoctrination Material


42. Das Demokratische Deutschland


57. Kurt Heyd Collection

Box 8.

Karl Brammer, So lebten sie; 700 Milliarden Schulden, 1946


Rudolf Diels, Die Anfänge der Gestapo; eine Erklärung ihres ersten Leiters, Nürnberg, 1946


Hans Karl Ernst Ludwig Keller, 1908-


Die Akademie für die Rechte der Völker und die Freiheit der Wissenschaft, München, 1946


The History of the Academy for the Rights of Nations, 1939?


Walther F. Kleffel


Auf falschen Wegen, Bad Harzburg, 1946


Der Bannstrahl, Bad Harzburg, 1946


Die grosse Enttäuschung, Bad Harzburg, 1946


Zeitliches, Bad Harzburg, 1945


Clemens Lammers, Reichsverband der Deutschen Industrie und Machtergreifung, Berlin, 1946


Cornelia Maass - letter, dated 1944 October 10, addressed to Adolf Hitler, by Cornelia Maass and Uta Maass, in the name of the six children of Hermann Maass, sentenced to death for his part in the attempt on the Führer's life. Potsdam, 1944


Eva Maass - letter, dated 1944 October 21, addressed to Otto Thierack, Minister of Justice, on behalf of Hermann Maass, sentenced to be executed for his part in the attempt on Hitler's life. n.p., 1944


Hermann, Maass - letter, dated 1944 August 12 and August 13, addressed to his wife, shortly before Maass's execution for complicity in the attempt on Hitler's life. Döbelin, 1944


Kurt Mair


Letter, dated 1946 August 20, addressed to General Mark Clark, Commander-in-Chief of American Forces in Austria, Vienna, requesting speedy investigation of internees. Walchsee, 1946


Seven documents relating to the operation of the Interradio A.G., Sonderdienst Seehaus, the German foreign broadcast monitoring service during World War II, Landshut, etc., 1945-1946


1 Detailed memorandum, 1945 June 18, to American interrogation officers on the organization of the Sonderdienst Seehaus of the Interradio A.G.


2 Abridgement of the memorandum of 1945 June 18


3 Memorandum, dated 1946 October 1, to Louis Paul Lochner, discussing the occupation of Germany


4 Twelve chapters from Erlebnisse und Beobachtungen im Dritten Reich, dealing with the Seehausdienst


5 Letter from the Chef der Shicherheitspolizei on the untrustworthiness of Kurt Mair as head of the Sonderdienst Seehaus


6 Letter from the Gauleiter of Tyrol to the Propaganda Ministry objecting to Mair's continuing in office


7 German translation of a BBC broadcast, indicating that Seehaus Sonderdienst was top secret


"Teilabschrift aus Briefen an österreichische Regierungsmitglieder und an österreichische Nationalräte, Walchsee," 1946

Box 9.

Hansjörg Maurer


"Mein Tagebuch aus dem Jahre 1936". Euerdorf/Bad Kissingen, 1936


"Meine confessio vitae für die Spruchkammer Hammelburg". Euerdorf/Bad Kissingen, 1946-1947


"Meine politischen Tagebuch-Blätter aus dem Jahre 1937"


Franz von Papen, 1879 - Reconstruction of the last will of Reich President F. M. von Hindenburg, Nürnberg, 1945


Horst Pelskmann, "Plaidoyer fuer die "SS" Schutzstaffel der NSDAP gehalten vor dem Internationalen Militaergerichtshof, Nürnberg," Nürnberg, 1946


Ernst Poensgen, "Hitler und die Ruhrindustriellen; ein Rückblick," 1945


Benno Reiffenberg, Zur Geschichte der "Frankfurter Zeitung" seit 1933 (n.p., 1946?)


Winifred Wagner (Williams), 1897 - defendant, "Denkschrift eingereicht von der Verteidi gung bei der Spruchkammer Bayreuth," Bayreuth?, 1946?


Hellmuth Wissmann, 1884


"Aufstieg und Zusammenbruch der Nazi-Despotie, der Krieg, das deutsche Volk und die deutsche Zukunft; eine Abrechnung mit Hitler und seinem Gewaltsystem und eine Erklärung für seine Machtgewinnung und Machtbehauptung," n.p., 194-


"Wege zur internationalen Verständigung und zum friedlichen Ausgleich. Ueber Volksaufklärunng und Propaganda und ihren Einsatz für gegenseitige Lebenszerstörung," Frankfurt/Main, 1939


Albert Wolf, "Der Weg in den Abgrund," n.p., 1946?