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Register of the United Spanish War Veterans. San Francisco Camps Papers, 1905-1980
Mss218  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
The United Spanish War Veterans Collection consists of records of three San Francisco Camps of the United Spanish War Veterans: the Nelson A. Miles Camp No. 10; the Reinhold Richter Camp No. 2; and the Funston-Royce Camp No. 61. It includes ledgers; bulletins; 120 obituaries; 670 membership files; and photographs. It also contains correspondence from national, state and auxiliary organizations such as: the National Headquarters, United Spanish War Veterans, Washington, D.C.; the Department of California, United Spanish War Veterans, San Francisco; and, the Sons and Daughters of the United Spanish War Veterans. An index of member names is available in the on-site finding aid.
Background
The Spanish American War lasted fewer than four months (1898). Conditions of the subsequent peace treaty obliged Spain to relinquish sovereignty over Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippine Islands and Guam to the United States. On the American side the war was fought entirely by volunteers. More than 392,000 rushed to join the military services and 11,000 died, mostly from tropical diseases such as yellow fever. Members of the United Spanish War Veterans were those in good standing in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States, including medical personnel, Philippine Scouts and other organizations of native troops maintained by the War Department in the Philippine Islands, who served at any time during the insurrection in the Philippine Islands prior to July 4, 1902. Each "camp" of the United Spanish War Veterans was named for a significant participant in the War. The Nelson A. Miles Camp [San Francisco], for instance, was named for Lt. Gen. Nelson Appleton Miles, who had been the youngest commanding general in the Civil War, and was Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Army during the Spanish American War. An April 30, 1977 newspaper article reported that there were 400 Spanish war veterans still alive in the nation (with 107 in California), that their average age was 98 years and that a group of 17 had gathered that year.
Availability
Collection is open for research.