Title: Vooruzhennye Sily na IUgie Rossii. Sudnoe otdielenie. Records,
Date (inclusive): 1918-1927
Collection number: 30010
Vooruzhennye Sily na IUge Rossii. Sudnoe otdielenie
9 manuscript boxes
3.75 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, memoranda, orders, and affidavits, relating to administration of military justice in the Armed Forces
of Southern Russia, Russian emigres in Bulgaria, the political situation in Bulgaria, and the composition and distribution
of the First Army Corps and the Don Corps
Collection open for research.
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[Identification of item], Vooruzhennye Sily na IUgie Rossii. Sudnoe otdielenie. Records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1930.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
Military offenses--Soviet Union
Bulgaria--Politics and government
Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921
Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921--Refugees
This record group, together with the records of the Chief of Supply of the Russian Army (Nachal'nik Snabzheniia Russkoi Armii),
were previously accessioned at the Hoover Institution as the F. F. Abramoff collection. Both groups of records at one point
were in the possession of General Abramoff, who commanded the Don Army Corps in Bulgaria, but he was not the originator of
the records themselves. The records of the Justice Department of the Russian Army and its subordinate agencies were originally
assembled by General I. A. Ronzhin, the Chief Prosecutor of the Russian Army and Navy and the principal executive officer
of the Department. After General Wrangel's Russian Army evacuated the Crimea in 1920, the Justice Department was ultimately
relocated in Bulgaria, where both the First Army Corps, under General Kutepov, and the Don Army Corps, under General Abramoff,
were billeted. General Abramoff probably assumed possession of the files of the defunct Justice Department after many of the
Russian Army organizations and offices disintegrated in 1926-1927 because of an acute shortage of funds.
The collection consists of a numerical office file, the papers of General Ronzhin, and the records of judicial organs subordinate
to the Department. The office file of the Justice Department consists of papers relating to investigations into relatively
minor infractions: theft, missing valuables, insubordination, insulting a superior officer etc. The papers of General Ronzhin
are more substantive and include reports sent regularly by all Courts of Honor and military prosecutors and investigators.
Among his other duties in Bulgaria, General Ronzhin interceded with the Bulgarian Government on behalf of soldiers from the
Don and First Army Corps, who suffered considerable harassment from local police authorities. Consequently, there is a large
volume of correspondence with the Bulgarian Interior Ministry. Ronzhin also remained in close contact with General Abramoff,
and there is much material received by Ronzhin from either Abramoff or his subordinates.
The records of two subordinate judicial organs--namely, the Special Military Investigator at General Headquarters and the
Military Justice Commission at the Sevastopol Fortress--are also contained in the collection. Colonel Ukraintsev was the Special
Military Investigator and acted on the direct orders of General Ronzhin, who commissioned him to investigate cases of the
greatest import: embezzlement, graft, corruption, execution without trial, etc. The Military Justice Commission at the Sevastopol
Fortress appears to have been an extraordinary body evolving out of the chaos that accompanied the retreat of General Wrangel's
forces into the Crimean peninsula. It dealt with disorders behind the front lines: robbery, banditry, plundering, depredations
on civilian property, murder, etc.