Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Guide to the Robert Creeley Papers, 1950-1997 M0662
M0662  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (0.90 Mb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Biographical chronology
  • Processing Information note
  • Scope and Content
  • Biographical note
  • Preferred Citation
  • Access Restrictions
  • Publication Rights
  • Acquisition Information
  • Provenance
  • Selected Bibliography

  • Title: Robert Creeley papers
    Identifier/Call Number: M0662
    Contributing Institution: Dept. of Special Collections & University Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 443.5 Linear feet (612 boxes, 3 cartons, 32 flat boxes, 1 oversize box, 2 cassette boxes; 55 audiocassettes, 16 reel to reel cassettes, 16 sound discs, 2 videocassettes, 4 film reels.)
    Date (inclusive): 1950-1997
    Shelf location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
    creator: Creeley, Robert, 1926-2005

    Biographical chronology

    1926 Robert White Creeley born in Arlington, Massachusetts, May 21 to Oscar Slate and Genevieve Jules Creeley
    1928 Left eye injured in accident
    1930 Father died. Family moves to West Acton
    1940 Entered Holderness School
    1943 Entered Harvard College
    1944-1945 Served in the American Field Service in India and Burma
    1945 Returned to Harvard
    1946 First published poem. Married Ann MacKinnon.
    1947 Left Harvard without a degree
    1948 Son David born
    1948-1951 Lived in Littleton, NH where he bred pigeons
    1950 Son Thomas born. Began correspondence with Charles Olson. Became American editor for Ranier Gerhardt's Fragmente
    1951 Lived outside Aix-en-Province, France
    1952 Daughter Charlotte born. Published Le Fou, his first book of poems. Moved to Majorca to establish Divers Press
    1953 The Kind of Act of [poems] The Immoral Proposition [poems]
    1954 The Gold Diggers [short stories] Taught at Black Mountain College First issue of Black Mountain Review, edited by Creeley, published in March
    1955 Divorced from Ann MacKinnon All that is lovely in men [poems]
    1956 Left Black Mountain College. If you [poems] Visited San Francisco Moves to Albuquerque Receives B.A. from Black Mountain College
    1957 Married Bobbie Hall The Whip [collection of poems] Daughter Sarah born
    1959 Daughter Katherine Williams born Moved to Guatemala A Form of Women [poems]
    1960 Received M.A. from University of New Mexico Received Levinson Prize Included in The New American Peotry : 1945-1960
    1961 Instructor at University of New Mexico
    1962 For Love : Poems 1950-1960 Instructor at University of British Columbia
    1963 Moved to Placitas, NM Vancouver Poetry Festival The Island [novel]
    1964 Received Guggenheim Fellowship Received Oscar Blumenthal Prize
    1965 Berkeley Poetry Conference The Gold Diggers and other stories [short stories] Edited with Donald Allen New American Story Words [poems] Received Rockefeller Grant
    1966 National Educational Television Film, "Poetry : Robert Creeley"
    1966-1970 Visiting Professor at State University of New York, Buffalo
    1967 Words [poems] Edited with Donald Allen The New Writing in the USA Colloborated with R.B. Kitaj on A Sight Robert Creeley Reads [recorded reading]
    1967-present Named Professor of English at SUNY, Buffalo
    1968 Taught at University of New Mexico The Finger [poems] Numbers [poems]
    1969 Pieces [poems] The Charm [poems]
    1970 Moved to Bolinas, CA Taught at San Francisco State University A Quick Graph : Collected Notes & Essays [criticism]
    1972 A Day Book [journal and poems] Listen [a radio play]
    1973 Edited Whitman: Selected Poems Moved to Buffalo His Idea [poems]
    1974 Thirty Things [poems]
    1976 Presences : a text for Marisol [prose] Away [poems] Selected Poems Divorced Bobbie Hall Creeley
    1977 Married Penelope Highton
    1978 Boundary 2 published a double issue called Robert Creeley : A Gathering
    1979 Later [poems]
    1980 First volume of Charles Olson and Robert Creeley : The Complete Correspondence published by Black Sparrow Press
    1981 Son William born Awarded Shelley Memorial Award from the Poetry Society of America
    1982 NEA Grant
    1983 Daughter Hannah born Hello : a journal [poems] DAAD Fellowship in Berlin
    1984 Appointed David Gray Professor of Poetry and Letters, SUNY Buffalo
    1985 Awarded Leone d'Oro Premio Speziale, Venice
    1987 2nd DAAD Fellowship in Berlin Awarded Frost Medal by Poetry Society of America
    1988 Robert Creeley's Life and Work published Received Distinguished Fulbright Award as Bicentennial Chair in American Studies, Helsinki University
    1989-1991 New York State Poet
    1990 Named Capen Professor of Poetry and Humanities, SUNY Buffalo
    1991 Autobiography [essay]
    1993 Tom Clark's Robert Creeley and the Genius of the American Common Place published Received Horst Bienek Lyrikpreis from Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts Tales out of School : Selected Interviews
    1994 Echoes [poems]
    1995 Loops : Ten Poems

    Processing Information note

    Processed by Stephan J. Potchatek, Polly Armstrong, and Special Collections staff; Accession 2011-036 processed by Diana Kohnke.

    Scope and Content

    The Robert Creeley Papers document the life work of a leading American poet of the 20th century, one of the core members of the "Black Mountain School." They also document several important movements in American poetics in the second half of the century. The papers include Creeley's personal and professional correspondence, journals, business records, personal mementos, clippings, artwork, and other documents generated and collected by him from 1950 to 1997.
    The papers are divided into 15 series: 1. Correspondence; 2. Manuscripts by Creeley; 3. Manuscripts by others; 4. Business records; 5. Black Mountain Review / Divers Press Editor Files; 6. Academic records and teaching materials; 7. Interviews; 8. Announcements; 9. Memorabilia; 10.Photographs and Artwork; 11. Publications; 12. Audiovisual Materials; 13. Computer files; 14. Creeley Family Ephemera; and 15. Oversize Materials.
    Wherever Creeley's original arrangement of materials was encountered, his order has been respected. However, in certain instances when the papers arrived without any clear indication of Creeley's own intellectual organization for those papers, it was necessary to divine what we think is the most appropriate intellectual arrangement for the papers. Stanford University Libraries has essayed to organize the papers in the schema of earlier intellectual organizations, especially that established at Washington University, St. Louis, where many of these papers were previously stored. Too, where no clear provenance for individual documents can be determined, we have attempted to find an organizational schema which will be most useful for researchers and scholars.
    Series 16, accession 2005-348, consists of one box of photocopies of correspondence.
    The materials in Series 17, accession 2011-036, are divided into 16 subseries and consist of correspondence, manuscripts by Creeley, manuscripts by others, materials relating to various works written by Creeley, miscellaneous ephemera, photographs, printed matter, audiovisual materials and computer files.
    Series 18 consists of miscellaneous correspondence and ephemera removed from the books in Robert Creeley's library.

    Biographical note

    Recognized as a seminal figure of American letters in the second half of the 20th century, Robert White Creeley was born in Arlington, Massachusetts, on May 21, 1926, attended the Holderness School and then Harvard College. He received degrees from The Black Mountain College (B.A., 1956) and the University of New Mexico (M.A., 1960).
    After serving as an ambulance driver for the American Field Service in India and Burma, then living for a year outside Aix-en-Provence, France, Creeley moved in 1952 to Mallorca, where he founded and edited the Divers Press. Upon his return to the United States and at the invitation of Charles Olson, Creeley moved to North Carolina where he joined the faculty of the Black Mountain College and edited the short-lived but highly influential journal, The Black Mountain Review (1954 -1957). Though he left the college in 1955, Creeley had already established himself as one of the leading figures of the literary avant-garde of the 1950s, establishing with Charles Olson the "Black Mountain School,"one of the most important movements in American letters, the foundation of Projective Verse, a break from the New Criticism and its "insistence on form as extrensic to the poem. He is notable for having established a lasting association with his literary mentors-Pound, Williams, Zukofsky, Bunting, and Dahlberg, among others-as well as those poets, writers and visual artists associated with the experimental arts of Black Mountain and the 1950s avant-garde. Among these are Paul Blackburn, John Chamberlain, Francisco Clemente, Cid Corman, Fielding Dawson, Jim Dine, Elsa Dorfman, Ed Dorn, Robert Duncan, Robert Indiana, R.B. Kitaj, Denise Levertov, Marisol, and especially Charles Olson, with whom Creeley corresponded extensively and collaborated on Mayan Letters (1953). Creeley was also a presence in the San Francisco poetry renaissance, where he formed a life-long association with Barth, Corso, Ginsberg, Kerouac, and McClure. Creeley is currently the SUNY Distinguished Professor of English and holds the Samuel P. Capen Chair of Poetry and Humanities at the State University of New York, Buffalo, a center of innovation and postmodern poetics, particularly that or those of the so-called "L-A-N-G-U-A-G-E" poets.
    While his oeuvre includes short stories, essays, a novel, as well as criticism, Creeley is known principally as a poet. His friend and fellow poet John Ashbery has said of Creeley and his work, "He is the best we have." He has published over thirty volumes of verse since 1952, including: Words (1967); Pieces (1969); St. Martin's (1971); A Day Book (1972); Thirty Things (1974); Presences : A Text for Marisol (1976); Away (1976); Echoes (1982); Mirrors (1983); Memory Gardens (1986); and Windows (1990). His most recent collections of poems are Echoes (1994), published by New Directions, and Loops (1995), published by Nadja. Among his collections of poems are: For Love : Poems, 1950-1960 (1962); Poems 1950-1965 (1966); The Charm (1971); The Finger : Poems 1966-1969 (1970); The Door : Selected Poems (1975); Selected Poems (1976); The Collected Poems of Robert Creeley, 1945-1975 (1982); and Selected Poems 1945-1990 (1991).
    Creeley has been awarded numerous literary prizes, including the Horst Bienek Lyrikpreis from the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts, two Guggenheim Fellowships, a Fulbright Award, and a Rockefeller Grant. He was named New York State Poet Laureate in 1992. Creeley is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
    He lives with his wife, Penelope Highton Creeley, and two of his six children in Buffalo, New York.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item] , Robert Creeley Papers, M0662, Dept. of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

    Access Restrictions

    The collection is open for research except that all medical records for Robert Creeley and his family have been restricted, as have student recommendations and certain financial documents. Audiovisual materials must be reformatted before use (Series 12) and Born-Digital materials in Series 13 are being processed and are not yet available. Media in Series 17, Subseries 16 are not yet processed and are CLOSED until processed.

    Publication Rights

    Property rights reside with the repository. Literary rights reside with the creators of the documents or their heirs. To obtain permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Public Services Librarian of the Dept. of Special Collections.

    Acquisition Information

    The accessions were purchased in 7/1993, 7/1997, 3/1998, 11/2005, and 4/2011.

    Provenance

    Materials were shipped to Stanford from Washington University, St. Louis and from Robert Creeley's home, via George Minkoff.

    Selected Bibliography

    BOOKS
    Le Fou (Columbus, Ohio: Golden Goose Press, 1952)
    The Immoral Proposition (Karlsruhe-Durlach/Baden, Germany: Jonathan Williams, 1953)
    The Kind of Act Of (Palma de Mallorca, Spain: Divers Press, 1953)
    The Gold Diggers (Palma de Mallorca, Spain: Divers Press, 1954); enlarged as The Gold Diggers and Other Stories (London: John Calder, 1965; New York: Scribners, 1965)
    A Snarling Garland of Xmas Verses, anonymous (Palma de Mallorca, Spain: Divers Press, 1954)
    All That Is Lovely in Men (Asheville, N.C.: Jonathan Williams, 1955)
    If You (San Francisco: Porpoise Bookshop, 1956)
    The Whip (Worcester, England: Migrant Books, 1957; Highland, N.C.: Jonathan Williams, 1957)
    A Form of Women (New York: Jargon Books in association with Corinth Books, 1959; Fontwell, Arundel, Sussex, England: Centaur, 1960)
    For Love: Poems 1950-1960 (New York: Scribners, 1962)
    The Island (New York: Scribners, 1963; London: John Calder, 1964)
    Words (Rochester, Mich.: Perishable Press, 1965; enlarged as Words New York: Scribners, 1967)
    Poems 1950-1965 (London: Calder and Boyars, 1966)
    The Charm: Early and Uncollected Poems (Mt. Horeb, Wisc.: Perishable Press, 1967; enlarged as The Charm: Early and Uncollected Poems (San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1969; London: Calder and Boyars, 1971)
    Robert Creeley Reads (London: Turret Books/Calder and Boyars, 1967)
    A Sight (London, Cape Goliard, 1967)
    Divisions and Other Early Poems (Mt. Horeb, Wisc.: Perishable Press, 1968)
    The Finger (Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1968); enlarged as The Finger: Poems 1966-1969 (London: Calder and Boyars, 1970)
    5 Numbers (New York: Poets Press, 1968)
    Numbers (Stuttgart, Germany: Edition Domberger / Düsseldorf, Germany: Galerie Schmela, 1968)
    Pieces (Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1968; New York: Scribners, 1969)
    Mazatlan: Sea (San Francisco: Poets Press, 1969)
    In London (Bolinas, Calif.: Angel Hair Books, 1970)
    A Quick Graph: Collected Notes and Essays, edited by Donald Allen (San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1970)
    1234567890 (Berkeley: Shambala; San Francisco: Mudra, 1971)
    St. Martin's (Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1971)
    A Day Book (Berlin: Graphis, 1972); expanded edition including "In London," New York: Scribners, 1972)
    Listen (Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1972)
    A Sense of Measure (London: Calder and Boyars, 1972)
    The Class of '47, with Joe Brainard (New York: Bouwerie Editions, 1973)
    Contexts of Poetry: Interviews 1961-1971, edited by Donald Allen (Bolinas, Calif.: Four Seasons Foundation, 1973)
    The Creative, issued as Sparrow 6 (Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1973)
    For my mother: Genevieve Jules Creeley, 8 April 1887-7 October 1972 (Rushden, England: Sceptre Press, 1973)
    His Idea (Toronto: Coach House Press, 1973)
    Inside Out, issued as Sparrow 14 (Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1973)
    Thirty Things (Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1974)
    Backwards (Knotting, England: Sceptre Press, 1975)
    The Door: Selected Poems (Dusseldorf/München, Germany: S Press, 1975)
    Away (Santa Barbara, Calif.: Black Sparrow Press, 1976)
    Hello (Christchurch, New Zealand: Hawk Press, 1976)
    Mabel, A Story: and Other Prose (London: Marion Boyars, 1976)
    Presences: A Text for Marisol (New York: Scribners, 1976)
    Selected Poems (New York: Scribners, 1976)
    Was That a Real Poem or Did You Just Make It Up Yourself , issued as Sparrow 40 (Santa Barbara, Calif.: Black Sparrow Press, 1976); enlarged as Was That a Real Poem and Other Essays, edited by Donald Allen with a chronology by Mary Novik (Bolinas, Calif.: Four Seasons Foundation, 1979)
    Mabel: A Story (Paris: Editions de l'Atelier Crommelynck, 1977)
    Desultory Days (Knotting, Bedfordshire, England: Sceptre Press, 1978)
    Myself (Knotting, Bedfordshire, England: Sceptre Press, 1977)
    Thanks (Old Deerfield, Mass.: The Deerfield Press; Dublin, Ireland: The Gallery Press, 1977)
    Hello: A Journal, February 29-May 3, 1976 (New York: New Directions, 1978; London: Marion Boyars, 1978)
    Later: A Poem (West Branch, Iowa: Toothpaste Press, 1978)
    Later (New York: New Directions, 1979; London: Marion Boyars, 1980)
    Corn Close (Knotting, Bedfordshire, England: Sceptre Press, 1980)
    Mother's Voice (Santa Barbara. Calif.: Am Here Books/Immediate Editions, 1981)
    The Collected Poems of Robert Creeley, 1945-1975 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982)
    Echoes (West Branch, Iowa: Toothpaste Press, 1982)
    A Calendar 1984 (West Branch, Iowa: Toothpaste Press, 1983)
    Mirrors (New York: New Directions, 1983)
    The Collected Prose of Robert Creeley (New York and London: Marion Boyars, 1984; corrected edition, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988)
    Memory Gardens (New York: New Directions, 1986)
    The Company (Providence: Burning Deck, 1988)
    Window (Buffalo: The Poetry/Rare Books Collection, SUNY at Buffalo, 1988)
    7 & 6 (Albuquerque: Hoshour Gallery, 1988)
    "Autobiography," Contemporary Authors Autobiography Series, 10 (Detroit: Gale, 1989): 61-77; reprinted as Autobiography (Madras, India and New York: Hanuman, 1990); also reprinted in Tom Clark, Robert Creeley and the Genius of the American Common Place (NY: New Directions, 1993): 122-144.
    The Collected Essays of Robert Creeley (Berkeley : University of California Press, 1989)
    Dreams (New York: Periphery / Salient Seedling Press, 1989)
    It (Zurich, Switzerland: Bruno Bischofberger, 1989)
    Robert Creeley: a Selection, 1945-1987 (New York: Dia Art Foundation, 1989)
    Have a Heart (Boise: Limberlost Press, 1990)
    Places (Buffalo: Shuffaloff Press, 1990)
    Windows (New York: New Directions, 1990)
    Gnomic Verses (La Laguna, Canary Islands: Zasterle Press, 1991)
    The Old Days (Tarzana, Calif.: Ambrosia Press, 1991)
    Selected Poems (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991)
    Life & Death (New York: Gagosian Gallery, 1993)
    Echoes (New York: New Directions, 1994)
    RADIO SCRIPTS
    Listen, London, 1972.
    OTHER
    Black Mountain Review, edited by Creeley (No. 1-7, Spring 1954-Autumn 1957); reprinted with an added introduction as Black Mountain Review (Vol. 1-3, New York: AMS Press, 1969)
    Charles Olson, Mayan Letters, edited with a preface by Creeley (Palma de Mallorca, Spain: Divers Press, 1953; London: Cape, 1968)
    New American Story, edited by Creeley and Donald Allen (New York: Grove, 1965; Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, 1971)
    Selected Writings of Charles Olson, edited with an introduction by Creeley (New York: New Directions, 1966)
    The New Writing in the USA, edited by Creeley and Allen with an introduction by Creeley (Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1967)
    Whitman: Selected Poems, edited with an introduction by Creeley (Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1973)
    The Essential Burns, edited with an introduction by Creeley (New York: Ecco, 1989)
    Charles Olson, Selected Poems, edited with an introduction by Creeley (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993)
    LETTERS
    George F. Butterick, ed., Charles Olson & Robert Creeley: The Complete Correspondence, 8 vols. (Santa Barbara, Calif.: Black Sparrow Press, 1980 -); volume 9 edited by Richard Blevins
    Ekbert Faas and Sabrina Reed eds., Irving Layton & Robert Creeley : the Complete Correspondence, 1953-1978 (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1990)
    INTERVIEWS
    Donald Allen, ed., Contexts of Poetry: Interviews 1961-1971 (Bolinas, Calif.: Four Seasons Foundation, 1973)
    Ekbert Faas, Towards a New American Poetics: Essays and Interviews (Santa Barbara, Calif.: Black Sparrow Press, 1979): 165-198
    Tales Out of School: Selected Interviews (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993)
    BIBLIOGRAPHIES
    Willard Fox, Robert Creeley, Edward Dorn, and Robert Duncan: A Reference Guide (Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1989): 1-170
    Mary Novik, Robert Creeley: An Inventory, 1945-1970 (Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1973; Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1973)
    Vincent Prestianni, "Robert Creeley: An Analytical Bibliography of Bibliographies," Sagetrieb 10, 1-2 (1991): 209-213
    SELECTED REFERENCES
    Charles Altieri, "Robert Creeley's Poetics of Conjecture," Self and Sensibility in Contemporary American Poetry (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984): 101-131
    Charles Bernstein, "Hearing 'Here': Robert Creeley's Poetics of Duration," Contents Dream: Essays 1975-1984 (Los Angeles: Sun & Moon Press, 1986): 292-304; "Creeley's Eye and the Fiction of the Self," Review of Contemporary Fiction, forthcoming
    George F. Butterick, "Editor's Introduction," Charles Olson & Robert Creeley: The Complete Correspondence, Vol. 1 (Santa Barbara, Calif.: Black Sparrow Press, 1980): ix-xv
    Douglas Calhoun, ed., "Robert Creeley issue," Athanor 4 (Spring 1973)
    Tom Clark, The Poetry Beat: Reviewing the Eighties (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1990); Robert Creeley and the Genius of the American Common Place (New York: New Directions, 1993)
    Joseph M. Conte, "One Thing Finding Its Place with Another: Robert Creeley's Pieces," Unending Design: the Forms of Postmodern Poetry (Ithica: Cornell University Press, 1991): 87-104
    Robert Creeley, "Thinking of You," The Review of Contemporary Fiction 8, no. 3 (Fall 1988): 82-85; Lecture, Berkeley Poetry Conference (July 23, 1965) [audiotape]; Letter to William Matheson, in William V. Spanos, ed., Robert Creeley: a Gathering, a special issue of Boundary 2: A Journal of Postmodern Literature 6, no. 3/7, no. 1 (1978): 488-90; Reading at the University of Buffalo (March 20, 1991) [audiotape]
    Robert Duncan, "A Reading of Thirty Things," Boundary 2 6, no. 3-7, no.1 (Spring/Fall 1978): 293-299
    Richard Eberhardt, interview with Robert Creeley (Washington: Library of Congress, June 1, 1961) [Audio tape]
    Cynthia Edelberg, Robert Creeley's Poetry: a Critical Introduction (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1978)
    Ekbert Faas, "Robert Creeley," Towards a New American Poetics: Essays and Interviews (Santa Barbara: Black Sparrow Press, 1979): 147-164
    Arthur L. Ford, Robert Creeley (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1978)
    Edward Halsey Foster, "Robert Creeley, Poetics of Solitude," Understanding the Black Mountain Poets (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1994): 81-121
    Stephen Fredman, "'A Life Tracking Itself': Robert Creeley's Presences: A Text for Marisol," Poet's Prose: the Crisis in American Verse, 2nd. ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990): 57-100
    Ernesto Livon Grosman, interview with Robert Creeley (New York: Radio Reading Project, 1992) [Radio broadcast]
    Robert Hass, "Creeley: His Metric," Twentieth Century Pleasures: Prose on Poetry (New York: Ecco, 1984): 150-160
    Anselm Hollo, Sojourner Microcosms (Berkeley: Blue Wind Press, 1977)
    Bruce Jackson and Diane Christian, Creeley (Buffalo: Documentary Research, 1988) [Motion picture]
    Lewis MacAdam and John Dorr, Robert Creeley (Los Angeles: Lannan Foundation, 1990) [Videorecording]
    Ann Mandel, Measures: Robert Creeley's Poetry (Toronto: The Coach House Press, 1974)
    "Multiples & Objects & Books," Print Collector's Newsletter 24 (Jan/Feb 1994): 227-28
    Charles Olson, "For R. C.," Olson: the Journal of the Charles Olson Archives 6 (Fall, 1976); Selected Writings of Charles Olson (New York: New Directions, 1966)
    Sherman Paul, "A Letter on Rosenthal's 'Problems of Robert Creeley,'" Boundary 2: A Journal of Postmodern Literature 3, no. 3 (Spring 1975): 747-60; The Lost America of Love: Rereading Robert Creeley, Edward Dorn, and Robert Duncan (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981): 1-73
    Ted Pearson, in "Robert Creeley and the Politics of the Person," Poetics Journal 9 (June 1991): 159-164
    Marjorie Perloff, "Four Times Five: Robert Creeley's The Island," Boundary 2 6, no. 3-7, no.1 (Spring/Fall 1978): 491-507
    M. L. Rosenthal, "Problems of Robert Creeley," Parnassus 2, no. 1 (Fall/Winter 1973): 205-14
    Meyer Rubinstein, review of 7 & 6 in Flash Art no. 152 (May/June 1990): 188
    Ron Silliman, "Language, Realism, Poetry," In the American Tree (Orono, ME: National Poetry Foundation, University of Maine at Orono, 1986): xv-xxiii
    William V. Spanos, "'The Fact of Firstness': A Preface," Robert Creeley: a Gathering, a special issue of Boundary 2: A Journal of Postmodern Literature 6, no. 3/7, no. 1 (1978): 1-8
    Warren Tallman, Three Essays on Creeley (Toronto: Coach House Press, 1973)
    Carroll F. Terrell, ed., Robert Creeley: the Poet's Workshop (Orono: National Poetry Foundation, University of Maine at Orono, 1984)
    Jack Tworkov in The New American Painting As Shown in Eight European Countries, 1958-1959. Reprint ed. (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1972)
    Robert Von Hallberg, "Robert Creeley and John Ashbery: Systems," American Poetry and Culture, 1945-1980 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985): 36-61
    John Wilson, ed. Robert Creeley's Life and Work : A Sense of Increment (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1988)
    William Carlos Williams, Imaginations. New York: New Directions, 1970
    Note
    [From: Selected works by Robert Creeley at http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/creeley/bib.html]

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    American literature--20th century
    American poetry--20th century.
    Poets, American.