Information for Researchers
Scope and Content
Collection Title: Hale Zukas Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1971-1998
Collection Number: BANC MSS 99/150 c
Number of containers: 2 cartons, 1 box
Linear feet: 3.1
94 digital objects
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Abstract: Consists of materials reflecting Zukas's leading role as a founder and activist for the disability rights and independent
living movements. The collection includes his papers from the Center for Independent Living, the Disabled Students Program
at U.C. Berkeley and other organizations in which he was active, as well as records documenting his advocacy work, and a very
small amount of personalia
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Information for Researchers
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts
must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft
Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which
must also be obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Hale Zukas Papers, BANC MSS 99/150 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Related collections may be found by searching the corporate author/name "Disabled Persons' Independence Movement" in U.C.
Berkeley's online catalog, GLADIS, or by using Pathfinder through the Web interface.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Center for Independent Living.
University of California, Berkeley. Physically Disabled Students Program.
People with disabilities--Legal status, laws, etc.--California.
College students with disabilities--California--Berkeley.
Discrimination against people with disabilities--Law and legislation.
People with disabilities--Services for--California.
Disability Rights and Independent Living Movement collection.
The Hale Zukas Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Hale Zukas on August 1, 1997. Additions were made on April 21,
Funding provided by a research grant from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative
Services, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitative Research.
Hale J. Zukas was born on May 31, 1943 in Los Angeles, California. While attending UC Berkeley in the mid-1960s, he joined
the Rolling Quads, a group of severely disabled students in the Cowell Residence Program who had organized themselves to advocate
for the rights of students with disabilities. Zukas became one of the founders of the Physically Disabled Students Program
(PDSP) on the Berkeley campus, and in 1971, he graduated with a B.A. in mathematics.
In 1972, Zukas and others founded the Center for Independent Living (CIL) in Berkeley. He was CIL's first coordinator of community
affairs and remained in that position until 1982. During this time, he became an expert on benefit programs for disabled and
elderly people, particularly Supplemental Security Income and In-Home Supportive Services. Zukas also became a leading advocate
for the elimination of architectural and transportation barriers, especially on the Bay Area Rapid Transit system in the San
Francisco Bay area.
In 1983, Zukas joined the World Institute on Disability (WID) in Oakland, California, as a public policy analyst, later becoming
WID's Director of Research. Through his work at WID, Zukas has become an internationally recognized expert on such issues
as personal assistance services, accessible mass transportation, the elimination of architectural barriers, and disability-
related statistics. Zukas became the vice chair of the U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board in
1983, where he had been a member of the Standards, Research, and Technical Assistance Committee since 1979.
Zukas consults for several agencies and organizations, including the National Science Foundation and the Federal Highway Administration.
He is the author of
Attending to America: Report of the National Survey of Attendant Services Programs in the United States(1987),
CIL History (1976), and various reports and articles.
The ABC-CLIO Companion to The Disability Rights Movement
by Fred Pelka, ABC-CLIO Inc.: Santa Barbara, California, 1997, p. 340.
Scope and Content
The Hale Zukas Papers, 1971-1998, consist of materials reflecting Zukas's leading role as a founder and activist for the disability
rights and independent living movements. The collection includes his papers from the Center for Independent Living, the Disabled
Students Program at U.C. Berkeley and other organizations in which he was active, records documenting his advocacy work, and
a very small amount of personalia.
Zukas was a founding member of the Center for Independent Living (CIL), the world's first community-based independent living
center, established in Berkeley, California in 1972. Especially noteworthy are Zukas's writings about the history of CIL and
his working papers, which reflect his influence in shaping many of CIL's programs. Zukas served on CIL's Board of Directors
for many years, and his papers include a run of meeting minutes and other information from 1972 to 1987. Zukas's records regarding
the Disabled Students Program at U.C. Berkeley are not as extensive, but do include some of its funding proposals and reports.
His work in the larger community is reflected in his papers from other organizations ranging from the Bay Area Coalition of
the Disabled and Elderly to the White House Conference on Handicapped Individuals.
Some of Zukas's advocacy work is reflected in his papers, including transportation for the disabled and legislative tracking
and analysis of HR-1, the Social Security Amendment of 1972.
This collection does not include many records of a personal nature, although it does contain a very small amount of personal
correspondence and Zukas's resumés from early and more recently in his career.
Zukas's papers do not reflect all of his work at the Center for Independent Living, the Disabled Students Program, or some
of the other organizations in which he was involved. These papers do not contain documentation of Zukas's work at the World
Institute on Disability. They do, however, provide a rare and coherent glimpse into the activism that would create a revolution,
and reflect the many levels on which the movement for disability rights has occurred. From the national level to the local
level, from transportation barriers to social security income to student services, the organizations and issues represented
in these papers record the enormous effort that it has taken in order for people with disabilities to assert their legal and