Title: Edward Geary Lansdale Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1910-1987
Collection Number: 80116
Lansdale, Edward Geary, 1908-1987
Collection Size: 93 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes,
244 envelopes, 1 oversize folder, 5 album boxes, 2 slide boxes, memorabilia (65 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Writings, memoranda, reports, studies, correspondence, printed matter, sound recordings,
and photographs, relating to the Vietnamese War, and to counter-guerrilla operations,
especially in Vietnam and the Philippines.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see
or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives
[Identification of item], Edward Geary Lansdale papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1980.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
United States. Air Force--Officers
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
United States--Armed Forces
|1908, February 6
||Born, Detroit, Michigan
|World War II
||Served with the O.S.S.
||Promoted to Lieutenant, U.S. Army. Served in military intelligence for duration of war.
||Promoted to Major. Transferred to Philippines, AFWESPAC.
||Appointed Chief of Intelligence Division. Extended stay in Philippines at AFWESPAC and PHILRYCOM; helped Philippine Army rebuild
its Intelligence Services.
||Commissioned as a Captain in the Air Force, temporary rank of Major.
||Instructor, Strategic Intelligence School, Lowry Air Force Base, Colorado.
||Temporary promotion to Lieutenant Colonel.
||At the request of President Elpidio Quirino, transferred to JUSMAG in the Philippines to advise Philippine Army Intelligence
Services in fight against the Huks (Communists). Met Ramon Magsaysay, Philippine Secretary of National Defense; became close
friends. Assisted in development of psychological operations, civic actions, rehabilitation of Huk prisoners, and other programs.
||Temporary promotion to Colonel.
||Member of General J.W. "Iron Mike" O'Daniel's mission to the French forces in Indochina; acted as an advisor on special counter-guerrilla
||Transferred to Saigon, served with MAAG-Vietnam until end of 1956. Helped advise Vietnamese government and armed forces on
problems of internal security, including pacification program (1954-55), psychological operations, intelligence, and integration
of sect armies. Became close associate of President Ngo Dinh Diem.
||Went to office of the Secretary of Defense, Washington; became Deputy Assistant Secretary for special operations.
||Staff member of President's Committee on Military Assistance (Draper Committee).
||Temporary promotion to Brigadier General.
||Became Assistant Secretary of Defense for special operations.
||Temporary promotion to Major General.
|1963 October 31
||Retired; awarded Distinguished Service Medal (second time) for counter-insurgency work. Became consultant to director of Food
For Peace, White House.
||Returned to South Vietnam as Senior Liaison Officer of the U.S. Mission to South Vietnam, appointed by Ambassador Henry Cabot
Lodge. Also appointed Minister by President Johnson. Staff became the "Senior Liaison Office" (SLO). Work involved winning
support in Vietnamese countryside.
||Assistant to Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker, U.S. Mission to South Vietnam.
The Midst Of Wars
|1987, February 23
||Died, McLean, Virginia
The Lansdale papers are drawn almost entirely from the post-World War II period. During
the years following the war, General Lansdale served in the Philippines Ryukyus Command
(1945-48), returned briefly to the United States as an instructor at the Lowry Air Force
Base (1949), and then transferred back to the Philippines to serve in the Joint U.S.
Military Advisory Group (1950-54). In 1953, Lansdale visited Vietnam with General J.W.
O'Daniel's advisory mission to the French forces, and in 1954 he was transferred to
Saigon for a two-year term (1954-56). In 1957 Lansdale joined the office of the Secretary
of Defense as a special operations expert. After his retirement in 1963, and a brief
tenure as consultant to the White House Food for Peace program, he returned to Saigon as
Senior Liaison Officer at the U.S. Embassy (1965-68). He published his memoirs in 1972.
The papers are divided into fifteen series. The first five (biographical file,
correspondence file, diaries, speeches and writings, and subject file) consist of
materials drawn from the entire time period (1945-present). The diaries record some of
Lansdale's impressions and experiences during his first period in the Philippines. Within
the speeches and writings series are the notes and drafts for Lansdale's memoirs
The Midst Of Wars), containing much material not published in the final
version. The subject file series is very broad, but of special interest under "Vietnam"
are the sub-headings "politics and government" and "Republic of Vietnam." The latter is a
sampling of memoranda and other papers from the government of Ngo Dinh Diem and his
successors. Finally, several pamphlets outlining "operational guidelines" for cadre
working within the rural construction (revolutionary development) program are found under
"Vietnamese conflict" (sub-heading "pacification").
The next five series follow Lansdale's career paths from his first years in the
Philippines to his last stay in Vietnam. There are three very compact series of material
from his two periods in the Philippines and his first period in Vietnam. The bulk of the
collection is found in the other two career series: the files from the Department of
Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, and from the United States Embassy-Saigon,
Senior Liaison Office.
In the Department of Defense series are found memoranda, reports, and other items from
the Draper Committee, including schedules from that committee's 1959 tour of some
Southeast Asia countries. Notes, correspondence, and comments from Lansdale's 1961 trip
to Vietnam (with General Maxwell Taylor's party) are also of interest, and are found in
this series under "subject file" (sub-heading "Vietnam").
Within the Senior Liaison Office series the "day files" are especially complete (except
for the security withdrawals--see below). These files comprise a record of each outgoing
letter, memo, and report. Researchers may also wish to consult the tape recording series.
Because of the sensitive nature of many of the Lansdale papers, there have been many
security withdrawals of documents. In the place of these documents the researcher will
find numbered "outcards." These documents will be reviewed for declassification
consideration at five-year intervals, and eventually will be returned to the collection.