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Register of the Poland. Ambasada (Great Britain) Records, 1918-1945
45013  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Access Points
  • Introductory Note

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Poland. Ambasada (Great Britain) Records,
    Date (inclusive): 1918-1945
    Collection Number: 45013
    Creator: Poland. Ambasada (Great Britain)
    Collection Size: 134 manuscript boxes (55.8 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, reports, financial records, studies, conference proceedings, printed matter, and photographs, relating to Anglo-Polish relations, especially relations between Great Britain and the Polish government-in-exile in London during World War II; Anglo-Polish trade; Polish foreign policy and participation in the League of Nations during the interwar period; conditions in Poland during World War II; and wartime activities of the Polish government-in-exile. A digital copy of this entire collection is available at http://szukajwarchiwach.pl/800/33/0/-/ .
    Language: Polish.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Poland. Ambasada (Great Britain) Records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Alternative Form Available

    Also available on microfilm (163 reels).
    Digital copy in Poland's National Digital Archive at http://szukajwarchiwach.pl/800/33/0/-/ . It was digitized from microfilm by the Polish State Archives.

    Access Points

    World War, 1939-1945
    World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history
    World War, 1939-1945--Governments in exile
    World War, 1939-1945--Poland
    Great Britain
    Great Britain--Foreign relations--Poland
    Poland
    Poland--Foreign relations--Great Britain
    Great Britain--Commerce--Poland
    Poland--Commerce--Great Britain
    Poland--Foreign relations--1918-1945
    League of Nations
    Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945

    Introductory Note

    Poland and Great Britain established formal diplomatic relations in February 1919. During the decade that followed Poland was represented in London by an envoy in the rank of minister and, since November 1929, by an ambassador. The following diplomats were the Second Polish Republic's chief representatives in Great Britain:
    • Eustachy Sapieha: 1919-1920
    • Jan Ciechanowski: 1920-1921
    • Wladyslaw Wroblewski: 1921-1922
    • Konstanty Skirmunt: 1922-1929
    • Edward Raczynski: 1934-1945
    The archives of the Polish embassy in Great Britain shared the turbulent history of Poland. A large portion of the embassy's archives was tranferred to Warsaw during the 1930's. Part of this documentation was destroyed during the war. The surviving 22 linear meters are now held in the Contemporary Records Archives (Archiwum Akt Nowych) in Warsaw, and are described in a detailed published inventory. Most of the embassy archives remaining in London were evacuated to Canada and the United States during the early years of the war on orders of Count Edward Raczynski who, during 1941-1943, was both Minister of Foreign Affairs and Ambassador in London. In July 1945 the United States and Great Britain abandoned their Polish ally, withdrawing recognition from the London-based Polish government in exile. To protect the archives from falling into the hands of the representatives of the Soviet-dominated government in Warsaw, Poland's Ambassador in Washington, Jan Ciechanowski, transferred all of the archival collections held in Washington to the Hoover Institution. The Ciechanowski deposit included the archives of the Polish embassies in Washington, Moscow-Kuibyshev, and London. The Hoover part of the archives of the Polish embassy in Great Britain occupies 133 manuscript boxes or about 17 linear meters. What remained in London, about 6 linear meters, has been preserved in the Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum. The Polish Institute's holdings also include the papers of Edward Raczynski and Jan Ciechanowski.
    by Maciej Siekierski

    June 1998