Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, Papers: Finding Aid

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Overview of the Collection

Title: Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1704-1710
Bulk dates: 1706-1710
Collection Number: mssSunderland papers
Creator: Sunderland, Charles Spencer, Earl of, 1674-1722.
Extent: 87 pieces in 3 boxes.
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: A selection of papers relating to the colonial affairs accumulated by Charles Spencer, 3d Earl of Sunderland, during his tenure as British secretary of state during the reign of Queen Anne, 1706-1710. Included are papers from the Board of Trade and colonial administration and legislative bodies, chiefly those of New Jersey and New York, with a few items from South Carolina, Virginia, and Massachusetts.
Language: English.

Access

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Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Purchased from Maggs Bros. 1922-1926.

Biographical Note

Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland (1674-1722), was a British Whig statesman during the reigns of Queen Anne and George I. From 1706 to 1710, he served as secretary of state for the Southern Department.

Scope and Content

Selection of papers relating to the colonial affairs, accumulated by Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, during his tenure as secretary of state from 1706 to 1710. Included are letters, communications, reports, etc. from the Board of Trade and colonial administration and legislative bodies, chiefly those of New Jersey and New York, with a few items from South Carolina, Virginia, and Massachusetts. Correspondents include Joseph Dudley, Lewis Morris, Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, and others. Included are pieces pertaining to Queen Anne's War, Lewis Morgan's conflict with New Jersey Governor Lord Cornbury, the Palatine settlements, colonial trade, Newfoundland fisheries, etc.
Some pieces have been published in: Documents relating to the colonial history of the state of New Jersey, [1631-1776] / ed. by William A. Whitehead, F.W. Ricord [and] W. Nelson (Newark, N.J. : Printed at the Daily journal establishment, 1880-1886).
Some notable items include:
  • New Jersey. House of Representatives. Letter in the handwriting of Lewis Morris, signed by Samuel Jannings, addressed to Lord Sunderland, enclosing sworn evidences of Lord Cornbury's corrupt practices. 2 pieces. May 5, 1707
  • Coxe, Daniel. Letter to William Dockwra (?) denouncing Lewis Morris and "that Confederate gang." Burlington, N. J., January 17, 1708/9
  • Schuyler, Peter, and Schuyler, Abraham. Joint letter to Lord Sunderland written while en route to America following the visit of the Indian Kings, whom they accompanied to England. Enclosure: letter pledging the loyalty of the Six Nations, signed by the totems of three Indian Kings. 2 pieces. "From on board Her Majesty's Ship Dragon," May 22, 1710.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Clarendon, Edward Hyde, Earl of, 1661-1723 -- Correspondence.
Dudley, Joseph, 1647-1720 -- Correspondence.
Morris, Lewis, 1671-1746 -- Correspondence.
Sunderland, Charles Spencer, Earl of, 1674-1722 -- Archives.
Great Britain. Board of Trade -- Correspondence.
Great Britain. Secretary of State. Southern Department -- Archives.
Great Britain -- Colonies -- America -- History -- Sources.
Great Britain -- History -- 1689-1714 -- Sources.
Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1702-1714 -- Sources.
New Jersey -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 -- Sources.
New Jersey -- Politics and government -- To 1775 -- Sources.
New York (State) -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 -- Sources.
New York (State) -- Politics and government -- To 1775 -- Sources.
United States -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 -- Sources.
United States -- History -- Queen Anne's War, 1702-1713 -- Sources.

Forms/Genres

Government records -- Great Britain -- 18th century.
Letters (correspondence) -- Great Britain -- 18th century.
Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 18th century.

Alternate Authors

Clarendon, Edward Hyde, Earl of, 1661-1723.
Dudley, Joseph, 1647-1720.
Morris, Lewis, 1671-1746.
Great Britain. Board of Trade.
Great Britain. Secretary of State. Southern Department.


Collection Contents

Box 1

1704/5 February 19-1708 June 20

Note

The last folder in Box 1 contains documents dating from 1708 June 20 to 1709 September 12.
Box 2

1709/9 February 4-1710 May 22

Box 3

Oversize

This box contains: HM 1447, HM 1969, HM 22018, HM 22032, HM 1449, HM 22020, HM 1255, HM 22302, HM 22303, HM 22019, HM 1446, HM 1377, and HM 1376.