Edward George Earle Bulwer Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton of Knebworth was born on May 25, 1803 in London, England; attended University
of Cambridge; in 1828 published first successful novel, Pelham; entered Parliament as a Liberal member for Lincoln in 1831; retired in 1841 in protest against the repeal of the Corn Laws;
became a Tory and was returned to the House in 1852 as member for Hertfordshire; continued to publish novels, including Eugene Aram (1832), The Last Days of Pompeii (1834), Harold, the Last of the Saxon Kings (1848), The Caxtons (1849), and My Novel (1853); he was created a peer in 1866; died on January 18, 1873 in Torquay, Devonshire.
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