Inventory of the William H. Weinland Collection, ca. 1885-1920s

Processed by Jennifer A. Watts; machine-readable finding aid created by Gabriela A. Montoya
Photo Archives
Rare Book Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: jwatts@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=558
© 1998
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the William H. Weinland Collection, ca. 1885-1920s

Collection number: photCL 039

The Huntington Library



Photograph Collections, Rare Book Department

San Marino, California

Contact Information

  • Photo Archives
  • Rare Book Department
  • The Huntington Library
  • 1151 Oxford Road
  • San Marino, California 91108
  • Fax: (626) 449-5720
  • Email: jwatts@huntington.org
  • URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=558
Processed by:
Jennifer A. Watts
Date completed:
October 1994 & February 1998
Encoded by:
Gabriela A. Montoya
© 1998 The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: William H. Weinland Collection,
Date (inclusive): ca. 1885-1920s
Collection number: photCL 039
Creator: Weinland, William H., 1861-1930
Extent: 525 single photographs in 5 boxes; 3 small photo albums in 2 boxes
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Provenance

Gift of Clarence E. Weinland, youngest son of the Weinlands, 1955 & 1970.

Access

Collection is open to qualified researches by prior application through the Reader Services Department.

Publication Rights

In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William H. Weinland Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Biography

William Henry Weinland (1861-1930) was born and raised in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He attended Moravian schools and was graduated from Moravian College and Theological Seminary in preparation for a life of professional ministry. In 1884 Weinland volunteered for an exploratory expedition into Alaska with Henry Hartmann, a Moravian missionary based in Canada, to determine an appropriate site for a mission. A settlement along the Kuskokwim River was deemed suitable and in 1885, now ordained and newly married to Caroline Yost, Weinland returned to "Bethel," Alaska with his bride and three other missionaries, thus signaling the advent of a career devoted to missionary work. The Weinland's term of duty in Alaska was to be curtailed, however, by the ill health of Mrs. Weinland and one of her daughters.* The family returned to the United States where Rev. Weinland assumed the pastorate of the Moravian Church in Grace Hill, Iowa.
In 1889, after nearly two years at their mid-Western post, the Weinland's received a formal call to take part in more pioneering work. This time they would establish a new mission among the Native Americans of southern California. After surveying the general surroundings, the Weinland's decided on the Morongo Reservation (then known familiarly as "The Potrero") where they would represent the Moravian Church for some forty years. The Weinland's raised seven children on the reservation and spent the final years of their lives in nearby Banning, California.
*For more information on Weinland's activities in Alaska see: Oswalt, Wendell H. Mission of Change in Alaska: Eskimos and Moravians on the Kuskowim. San Marino, Calif.: The Huntington Library, 1963.

Scope and Content

The photographs in the Weinland Collection depict the people, the experiences and places which comprised their years of missionary service, first in Alaska and more extensively among the Native Americans of southern California. Though the vast majority of the photographs depict life on the Morongo Reservation, Weinland was an itinerant of sorts, an activist who sought a foothold for Protestantism wherever he could. Consequently, there are images from a number of the reservations which surrounded Morongo. The Alaska images were photographed by Hartmann and Weinland, as many of the mounts attest, and by the commercial photographer, M. Lorenz. The Morongo views are harder to attribute, though many were definitely taken by Weinland himself and others undoubtedly were. Some commercial photographers are also represented throughout this portion of the collection. Volumes 2 and 3 were albums compiled by Sarah Morris, one of the first school teachers at Morongo and a personal friend of the Weinlands. Her albums focus, naturally enough on the school houses where she taught as well as her charges. There is an item-level finding guide for all three of the volumes.
What follows is a general description of the photographs in the Weinland Collection according to their subject arrangement.

Additional Notes

Contact the Manuscripts Department for information regarding the William Weinland Papers. See also: California Scrapbooks 8 [St. Francis Dam Disaster] and 59 [Native Americans in Morongo & surrounding areas -- scan attached here; see below] are also part of the Weinland Collection.

Attached scan of Scrapbook 59


Container List

Box Box 1

photCL 39 (1-80): Alaska ca. 1884-1885.

 

Views along the Kuskowim River, Bethel, Nushagak, Togiak, Ounalaska and Bethel. Photographs of eskimos, traders, trading posts, churches and buildings of these areas. Some very interesting "Before and After" shots of eskimos with regard to the "civilizing" influence of Christianity. Portraits of Edith Kilbuck, one of the missionaries, and her children.

Box Box 2

photCL 39 (81-160): Morongo Reservation ca. 1890-1920.

item 81-94

Schools.

Scope and Content Note

U.S. Government schools -new & old buildings. Views of teacher, Sarah Morris, and students.
item 95-98

Moravian Church.

Scope and Content Note

Interior and exterior views of the church building.
item 99-106.1

Cemeteries.

Scope and Content Note

Indian, Catholic and Moravian cemeteries.
item 107-113

Dwellings & Topographical views.

Scope and Content Note

Moravian missionary cottage, Native American homes and topographical views of the Potrero & surrounding countryside.
item 114-123

Activities & Scenes on the Reservation.

Scope and Content Note

Views of horse racing, picnics, laborers digging ditches and making adobe bricks.
item 124-136.1

Captain John Morongo and family.

Scope and Content Note

Portraits of John and Rose Morongo, their children and relatives. Views of the Morongo residence in various stages of disrepair.
item 137-151

Various members of the Morongo Reservation.

item 152-160

Unidentified people and views.

Box Box 3

photCL 39 (161-262).

item 161-198

Reservations in southern California.

Scope and Content Note

Individuals, schools, and views from the reservations surrounding Morongo including Soboba (161-164), Torees-Martinez (165-185), Agua Caliente/Warner's Ranch (186-195), and Pala (196-198).
item 199-201

Schools in southern California.

Scope and Content Note

Unidentified cyanotype of schoolchildren; Group portrait of students at Perris Indian School; Superintendent Savage and family on occasion of a summer outing; Postcard view of Sherman Indian Institute in Riverside.
item 202-209

Portraits of U.S. Government officials and Native Americans.

Scope and Content Note

Portraits of Horatio Nelson Rust, Amelia Quinton, Capt. Juaro, Samuel Powatt, Victoriano, and others.
item 210-216

"Ramona."

Scope and Content Note

Sites and individuals affiliated with Helen Hunt Jackson's fictionalized tale of California Mission Indians.
item 217-236.1

Unidentified reservations in southern California.

item 237-246

Arizona reservations.

Scope and Content Note

Primarily shots of Yuma Reservation with one photograph of Sara Morris posing with schoolchildren. One topographical view of Pima-Papago dwelling. Many unidentified views.
item 247-259

Northwest and Plains Indians; Unidentified and Miscellaneous tribes.

Scope and Content Note

Portraits of two Cheyenne children; gatherings [unidentified] possibly in Montana Territory; Unidentified Plains Indians; Two photographs of Hopi dances.
item 260-262

Miscellaneous and Unidentified views.

Box Box 4

photCL 39 263-349): Scenes from Riverside and San Diego Counties, ca. 1915.

 

Contact prints from original glass plate negatives which concentrate on the town of Banning, California and the surrounding countryside. Topographical and bird's eye views of the town (263-276); Street scenes and views of Banning's buildings, including the high school (277-297); Processing almonds and apricots (298-314); Scenes of wreckage from a train explosion and an earthquake (315-324); Palm Canyon and vicinity (325-336); Views from San Diego County (337-347).

Box Box 5

photCL 39 (350-525): Weinland Family photographs.

 

Portraits of the Weinland and Yost families, the children and grandchildren; Friends of the Weinlands; Photographs of various residences, schools, and universities (including Caltech and Stanford), trips taken and places visited.

Box Box 6

photCL 39 Volume 1: Weinland Family Photograph Album, ca. 1910s and 1920s.

 

Many personal snapshots of William and Caroline Weinland, their children, and grandchildren. Additionally, a majority of the views focus on Morongo and the surrounding reservations with images of Indians, missionaries, and various activities. An item-level finding guide to this volume was typewritten by Clarence Weinland (the youngest son of the Weinland and donor of the collection) and is in the collection file.

Box Box 7

photCL 39 Volumes 2 and 3: Morongo Reservation, "The Portrero," ca. 1880s-1901.

Note

These are the Sarah Morris albums and consequently focus on the government school and schoolchildren. There are views of the various members of the reservation, and some interesting photographs of basket collections. An item-level inventory of these volumes follows:
 

photCL 39 Volume 2: Photograph album of Mr. & Mrs. French Gilman, 1901.

Note

Sarah Morris Gilman was a school teacher on the Morongo Reservation.
1-2.

[New government schoolhouse at the Potrero. Exterior views at two different angles.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
3.

[Nine school children pose with Sarah Morris & unidentified Indian woman next to schoolhouse.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 1 - 2.

[New government schoolhouse at the Potrero. Exterior views at two different angles.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 3.

[Nine school children pose with Sarah Morris & unidentified Indian woman next to schoolhouse.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 4.

[New gov't schoolhouse at the Potrero. Sarah Morris stands on porch.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 5.

Old Diabla. [Elderly woman sits on bottom step of schoolhouse with basket in her hands.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 6.

Juan Lugo's wife (Polineria). [Woman seated next to large basket & holding two baskets in her lap.]

Additional Note

Duplicate of photCL 39 (137)
item 7-10.

[Views of roosters, one by the name of "Jumbo" and another by the name of "Los Angeles" being fed by a woman. Morongo Reservation?]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 11.

New school house (sic) at the Potrero. [Group of children posing on the porch with Sarah Morris standing at right.]

Physical Description: 5x8 in.
item 12.

[Group of school children standing in front of old schoolhouse [?] with Sarah Morris standing at right. The names "Polinaria Sisco, Nancy Morongo, Louisa Jose, and Modesta Sisco written in ink above image.]

Physical Description: 4.5x7.5 in.
item 13.

Jim Morongo, Maria Ventura, Chas. Ventura, Willie Pablo, Manuelito Chino. [Group photo of six children.]

Physical Description: 7.5x4.5 in.
item 14.

Santiago and family. [Man and two women with two children on wagon.]

Physical Description: 4x4.5 in.
item 15.

[Unidentified gathering of Indian men and women. See Album 39(152) for some of same people, possibly same gathering.]

Physical Description: 4x4.5 in.
item 16-17.

S.E. Gilman's baskets.

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 18.

Mrs. Burr's baskets. [Collection of baskets on porch. On verso says "Pima baskets at my sister-in-law's.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 19.

Mrs. Burr's China cabinet.

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 20.

[Interior view of room with piano in one corner, Indian basket on the floor. Statement on verso: "My parlor in Pomona. April 1901.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 21.

[Cyanotype of wood-burning stove. Unidentified location.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 22-25.

[Snapshots of "Mrs. Burr," "Jula," and local vegetation.]

item 

26. Washington Monument. [View of monument between trees.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 27.

Just a lake. [View of unidentified lake with two ships.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 28.

[Unidentified man standing with arms folded next to native plant.]

Physical Description: 3.5x3.5 in.
item 29.

Mrs. Burr's baskets. [Indian baskets & blankets piled atop a bed.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 30-33.

[Views of the Potrero countryside and a small cottage identified as "Our cottage now Mrs. Ellis's" with Sarah Morris and French Gilman(?) standing in front.]

Physical Description: 3x4 in.
item 34-37.

[Views of various locales in New York State - Lake George; Lake Mohonk.]

Physical Description: Cyanotypes.
item 38.

Capt. John's house as it was when I taught and lived in it. [View of John Morongo's house with two children standing in doorway.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (134) & photCL 39 vol.3 (5).
item 39.

Ruins of Capt. John's house at Potrero in which I lived and taught for a time. [Ruins of John Morongo's house.]

Physical Description: 3.5x5.5 in.
item 40.

Capt. John's old house. [View of ruins.]

Physical Description: 3.5x5.5 in.
item 41.

Old school house at Potrero. [Exterior view of dilapidated building.]

Physical Description: 3.5x5.5 in.
item 42-45.

[Views of the toddler, Ida Miguel, in the yard, holding an apple, and standing in a basket.]

Physical Description: 3x3".
item 46.

Grandfather. [Elderly man bent over in the act of chopping wood.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 47.

Cat-claw. [View of brush with mountains in the distance.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 48-49.

Victoria Miguel and children. [V. Miguel & her three children seated on porch steps and riding in an open carriage.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 50.

A specimen of Banning civilization. [A woman is seated on the ground in front of a brush dwelling and surrounded by baskets.]

Physical Description: cyanotype. 3x3 in.
item 51.

[Unidentified group of women and children.]

Physical Description: 2.5x4.5 in.
item 52.

Tomas Sisco, Polinaria's father. [Postcard of an elderly man sitting astride a horse. The caption reads: "A Native Son. Banning, Cal."] 5.5x3.5 in. 53. [Unidentified group of young Indian men.]

Physical Description: 2.5x4.5 in.
item 54-56.

[Polineria Sisco and baby posing outdoors next to unident. dwelling.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 57.

Sweat house.

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 58-59.

[Views of clouds over San Jacinto peak and an eagle's nest.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 60.

Ramolda, Victoria Gabazon, [?]iona Ventura, Annie Morongo. [Portrait of four young girls posing outdoors.]

Physical Description: 7x4.5 in.
item 61.

[New gov't schoolhouse at the Potrero with children posing in front.]

Physical Description: 5x7 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (89) & photCL 39 vol3 (2).
item 62.

Capt. John's house when used as a school building. [Portrait of school children lined up in front of building with Sarah Morris standing in doorway at rear & Rose and John Morongo standing at right. Damaged print.]

Physical Description: 4x7 in.
item 63.

Carmel Lugo, Ella Morongo, Marinianna Sabachio. [Three small girls pose outdoors.]

Physical Description: 7.5x4.5".
item 64.

Old school house at the Potrero. [Group of children posing in front of building with Sarah Morris standing at right.]

Physical Description: 4.5x7.5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (82).
item 65-67.

[Views of tree trunk.]

Physical Description: 3x3 in.
item 68.

Alexander Arguella, Lomas Arguella, Francisco Esfroma. [Three adolescent boys pose outdoors.]

Physical Description: 7.5x4.5 in.
 

photCL 39 Volume 3: "Potrero Photographs"

item 1.

[Two unidentified children in granary basket.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (154).
item 2.

[Government Indian Day school at the Potrero. New building with children posing in front.]

Physical Description: 5x6 1/2 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (89).
item 3.

Catholic cemetery at Potrero. [View of circle of rocks in foreground, crosses marking graves in the background. Badly faded print.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 4.

Moravian cemetery, Potrero. [Close-up view of markers w. stones covering graves. Badly faded print.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (104).
item 5.

[Captain John Morongo's house at the Potrero. Badly faded print.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39(134).
item 6.

Rose, Annie, Ella and Sarah. [Rose Morongo seated in wicker chair and surrounded by her three daughters.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 7.

Bartesol Rice and children. [B. Rice in front of dwelling with four small children.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (144).
item 8.

Four generations. Old Maria and her mother, her son Juan & his children. [Five people stand in front of thatched dwelling.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 vol1 (93).
item 9.

Three generations. Pablo, his mother & Will [Two older people seated with baskets, the older woman working on a basket, and the two younger people stand to the side.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (147).
item 10.

Will Pablo's daughter. [Small girl poses in basket.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 11.

Sweat house. [View of entrance to sweat house.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 12.

Grandmother. [Old woman seated on steps and wrapped in a blanket.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 13.

Annie, Ella and Sarah. [Daughters of John & Rose Morongo posing outdoors. Badly faded print.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 14.

Annie, Ella, Sarah and myself. [Daughters of John & Rose Morongo & Sarah Morris seated in a wicker chair at center.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 15.

[Elderly woman with bundle tied around her head - "Old Maria." Badly faded print.]

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (141).
item 16.

Old Maria. [Woman seated on ground with hand covering her face. Women working in the background.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 17.

Old Maria. [Woman with her back turned to the camera working on a basket.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 18.

Potrero school. [Group view of school children with Sarah Morris, the teacher, standing in background at left. Faded print.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 19.

Basket maker. [Over-exposed view of woman in front of dwelling making a basket.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (141).
item 20.

Council house. [View of council house with elderly woman seated in front.]

Physical Description: 4 x5 in.
item 21.

Potrero. Moravian church and parsonage. [Bird's eye view over the Potrero.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 22.

Victoria and children. [Victoria Lugo and three small children in front of house.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 23.

New council house.

Physical Description: 3.4x5.5 in.
item 24.

[Sarah Morris and some of her pupils.]

Physical Description: 2.5x2.5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (84).
item 25.

Poleneria. [Woman holding basket & standing next to small boy.]

Physical Description: 2.5x3.5 in.
item 26.

[Grouping of baskets with three circled in ink and numbered. Possibly made by Poleneria pictured in #26 above this photograph.]

Physical Description: 2.5x4.5 in.
item 27.

[Bird's eye view of the Potrero/Morongo Reservation.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 28.

Two groups of the Potrero Day School. [Views of school children pasted side-by-side in album.]

Additional Note

Dups. & variants of photCL 39 (86-88).
item 29.

Ramona. [Woman shown washing clothes and facing camera.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Dup. of photCL 39 (210).
item 30.

Victoria and children at [statement ends.]

Physical Description: [Victoria Lugo and two young boys and a girl standing in front of a house.] 4x5 in.

Additional Note

Variant of photCL 39 (131-132).
item 31.

Capt. John. [Portrait view of Capt. John Morongo. Oval print.]

item 32.

[Unidentified group of men and women standing in front of palm tree.]

item 33.

Potrero school building. [New government school building w. Sarah Morris standing on steps.]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 34.

[Topographical view of field with buildings in distance. Vicinity of Morongo?]

Physical Description: 4x5 in.
item 35.

[Group of school children at Morongo.] Small, circular snapshot.

item 36.

[Elderly woman with bundle of reeds on her back, her hand on her forehead.]

item 37.

[Unidentified dwelling made of brush, boards and other materials.]

Physical Description: 3.5x2.5 in.
item 38.

[Unidentified gathering of men in front of old school house?]

Physical Description: 4x4.5 in.