Consists of bound records of the California Wine Association (1894-1936), a group of San Francisco Bay Area winemakers and
dealers who combined interests to gain favorable financial control over the market. Volumes contain minutes of Executive Committee
and Board of Directors meetings; membership lists; and contract terms with grape growers and other winemakers, including Napa
winemakers Frederick and Jacob Beringer. The records also shed light on the association's formation; the general state of
the California wine market; competition with national and international markets; Prohibition; and the dissolution of the C.W.A.,
including lawsuits and member resignations. Significant association members represented in the collection include founders
Charles Carpy of C. Carpy & Company; Charles Kohler and Henry Kohler of Napa Valley Wine Company, Kohler and Frohling, C.
Carpy & Company, B. Dreyfus & Company, and Kohler and Van Bergen; Arpad Haraszthy of Arpad Haraszthy & Company; Albert Lachman,
Henry Lachman, and Samuel Lachman of S. Lachman & Company and Lachman & Jacobi; winemaker John Frohling; Benjamin Dreyfus
of B. Dreyfus & Company; and Nicholas Van Bergen of Kohler and Van Bergen. The firms Aguillon & Busatelli and C. Schilling
& Company, both part of the association's combined holdings, are also represented.
The California Wine Association was formed during the depression of 1894 from seven leading California wine firms in an effort
to secure favorable options from grape growers and winemakers, and to raise prices and stimulate trade. In 1894 the wine industry
was in a perilous state. California's 200,000 acres of vineyard were overproductive, and California wines were being sold
for as little as ten cents a gallon. The country's financial depression also lingered, and both California winemakers and
the dealers were in dire financial straits. On August 10, 1894, the California Wine Association was incorporated with a capital
stock of $100,000, and with the intent to control eighty percent of the wine produced in the state. For the next two decades
the uniform syndicate held substantial bargaining power over winegrowers. The combined firms would also set prices based on
vintages and regional characteristics of the grapes they contracted to grow.
10 flat boxes (3 linear feet)
All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Director
of Library and Archives, North Baker Research Library, California Historical Society, 678 Mission Street, San Francisco, CA
94105. Consent is given on behalf of the California Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended
to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. Restrictions
also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational
Collection is open for research.