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Register of the Stanislaw Mikolajczyk Papers, 1899-1966
78111  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Access Points
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Stanislaw Mikolajczyk Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1899-1966
    Collection number: 78111
    Creator: Mikolajczyk, Stanislaw, 1901-1966
    Collection Size: 207 manuscript boxes, 9 oversize boxes (92 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Correspondence, speeches and writings, reports, notes, newsletters, clippings, photographs, tape recordings, motion picture film, and printed matter, relating to communism in Eastern Europe and Poland, agriculture in Poland, Polish politics, especially during World War II, Polish-Soviet relations, the International Peasant Union, the Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, and Polish emigre politics.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language: Polish and English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Stanislaw Mikolajczyk Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Alternative Form Available

    Also available on microfilm (233 reels).
    Digital copy in Poland's National Digital Archive at http://szukajwarchiwach.pl/800/22/0/-/ . It was digitized from microfilm by the Polish State Archives.

    Access Points

    International Peasant Union.
    Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (1945-1949)
    Agriculture--Poland.
    Anti-communist movements--United States.
    Communism.
    Poles--United States.
    World War, 1939-1945.
    World War, 1939-1945--Poland.
    Europe, Eastern.
    Poland.
    Poland--Foreign relations--Soviet Union.
    Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
    Poland--Politics and government.
    Soviet Union.
    Russia (Federation)
    Soviet Union--Foreign relations--Poland.
    United States.
    Statesmen--Poland.

    Biographical Note

    1901 July 18 Born, Holsterhausen, Westphalia, Germany
    1918 Member and active participant of Sokoly, Polish insurrection against the Germans
    1920 Private, Polish Army, Polish-Russo War
      Graduated from Agricultural High School, People's University
    1924 Secretary, Polish Peasant Party, Poznan district
      Editor, Wloscianin Wielkopolski
    1930-1935 Parliament member, Polish Peasant Party
    1935 Chairman, Poznan Association of Agricultural Circles
    1937 Leader, peasant strikes
    1939 Private, September campaign
      Interned in Hungary; escaped to France
      Vice-President, Polish Parliament in exile
    1939-1941 Acting President, Polish National Council
    1941-1942 Minister of Interior
    1941-1943 Deputy Prime Minister, Sikorski government
    1943 July-1944 November Prime Minister
    1944 Went to Moscow and Washington
    1945 Deputy Prime Minister, Warsaw, Provisional Polish Government of National Unity
      Minister of Agriculture
      President, Polish Peasant Party
    1947 June Resigned from government posts
      Leader of parliamentary opposition
    1947 October 20 Left Poland
    1947 November 26 Arrived in New York
    1948 Founder, Polish Peasant Party in exile
    1948-1964 President, International Peasant Union
    1950 President, Polish National Democratic Committee
    1950-1966 President, Assembly of Captive European Nations
    1951 Member, Central and Eastern European Committee
    1955 Went to Japan
    1956 Presided over International Peasant Union Congress, Paris
    1966 December 13 Died

    Scope and Content

    The Stanislaw Mikolajczyk papers were acquired in 1979 from his son Marian. Shortly thereafter, the late Helena Sworakowska prepared a preliminary inventory, which remained in use for nearly two decades. Detailed processing and preservation microfilming have now been made possible by a generous grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and by matching funds from the Taube Family Foundation. In addition, the grant provides depositing a microfilm copy of these materials in the State Archives of Poland in Warsaw.
    The papers cover mostly the second part of Mikolajczyk's life, beginning in 1939 when, as a soldier, he made his way to France to join the Polish government-in-exile (which later established itself in London). He served successively as vice-president of the Polish parliament, president of the Polish National Council, minister of the interior, deputy prime minister, and prime minister after the death of Wladyslaw Sikorski in 1943. (As a close associate of the general throughout those years and his successor, Mikolajczyk's archives contain part of Sikorski's working files.)
    The government service series covers Mikolajczyk's activities in those capacities, as well as his interactions with other offices of the Polish government-in-exile. Particularly significant are the papers relating to his tenure as prime minister, as they reflect a dramatic period of Poland's wartime history; that is especially evident in light of numerous intelligence reports.
    While the London years are well documented, the period from 1945 to 1947, during which Mikolajczyk served in the provisional governement in Warsaw, is not. Indeed, when he left Poland in October of 1947, forced once again into exile, Mikolajczyk took with him only a small dossier of materials on political persecussions. Complementing the secret police records surviving in Poland, this part of the collection (found in the Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe series) fills important gaps in the country's history after 1945.
    After 1948, like many other of the Central and East European exiles, Mikolajczyk was very active in unifying émigré circles from Poland as well as from other East European countries. He remained a prominent émigré figure until his death in 1966, and was the leading personality, representing the entire region, in the stuggle against Soviet plans to communize Eastern and Central Europe. His closeness to political circles in Washington allowed him to form the first East European lobby and to put the issue of Soviet occupation on the political agenda of consecutive United States administrations.
    Mikolajczyk founded and/or presided over many organizations such as the Assembly of Captive European Nations, the International Peasant Union, the Polish Peasant Party in exile, and the Polish National Democratic Committee. He was also very active on behalf of Radio Free Europe. All those efforts are widely represented in the collection, with each of the major organizations he was involved in constituting a separate series.
    An avid collector of documents, Mikolajczyk was very aware of their significance for history. He also amassed clippings from numerous sources, now gathered into a printed matter series.
    Finally, researchers will find an extensive audio-visual series containing a very large number of photographs and of audio tapes.
    Zbigniew Stanczyk

    August 1999