Register of the Lockeford (Calif.) Charitable & Temperance Papers, 1860-1895

Processed by Don Walker; machine-readable finding aid created by Don Walker
Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
University Library, University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA 95211
Phone: (209) 946-2404
Fax: (209) 946-2810
URL: http://www.pacific.edu/Library/Find/Holt-Atherton-Special-Collections.html
© 1998
University of the Pacific. All rights reserved.



Register of the Lockeford (Calif.) Charitable & Temperance Papers, 1860-1895

Collection number: Mss112

Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections

University Library

University of the Pacific

Contact Information

  • Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
  • University Library, University of the Pacific
  • Stockton, CA 95211
  • Phone: (209) 946-2404
  • Fax: (209) 946-2810
  • URL: http://www.pacific.edu/Library/Find/Holt-Atherton-Special-Collections.html
Processed by:
Don Walker
Date Completed:
March 30, 1994
Encoded by:
Don Walker
© 1998 University of the Pacific. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Lockeford (Calif.) Charitable & Temperance Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1860-1895
Collection number: Mss112
Creator:
Extent: 1 linear ft.
Repository: University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
Stockton, CA 95211
Shelf location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Lockeford (Calif.) Charitable & Temperance Papers, Mss112, Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

Biography

The first temperance society in the Lockeford area, The Dashaways, was established there at the instigation of Dr. Dean Jewett Locke in the late 1850s. This society had been founded by Frank Whitney, a San Francisco fire chief, and An Illustrated History of San Joaquin County (1890) asserts that Dr. Locke had been a San Francisco member since 1850. The impetus for founding a local chapter may have derived from a rash of alcohol-related killings that had taken place in the Lockeford area in 1855. The Dashaways are represented in this collection by one songbook. Their order was supplanted in January 1860 by the creation of the Live Oak Division no. 29 of the Sons of Temperance.
Most of the material in this collection relates to the activities of the Live Oak Division of the Sons of Temperance. It consists of minutes and account books of the order, correspondence, and published materials such as by-laws, tracts, and rituals.
The Lockeford division of this national temperance organization, was launched in 1860 by John Griffith, Dr. Dean Jewett Locke, and Dr. William Kerr. The group began with nineteen members, and, at their second meeting, six women were brought into the regular order.
A second chapter, New Era Division no. 71, was founded in 1861 at Athearn's School near present-day Clements. This group is represented in the collection by an 1861 minutebook. The New Era Division was probably absorbed into the Live Oak Division in 1862. Also represented by minutes in the New Era minutebook is the U.S. Sanitary Commission's Soldier's Aid Society of Lockeford, which flourished briefly in 1864-65.
The Live Oak Division met irregularly in the Lockeford Granary Hall, where they heard pro-temperance speakers, disciplined back-sliding members, and debated questions such as whether gambling ought to be condemned by their membership. At one meeting the Division passed a resolution forbidding the use of medications containing alcohol.
The Sons of Temperance also functioned somewhat like a fraternal order. They sang and chatted, undertook charity work, sported uniforms at community celebrations, and assisted members when they suffered illness, injury, or business reverses. The Lockeford organization lasted for five years.
In 1865 a chapter of the Independent Order of Good Templars replaced the Sons of Temperance. The Order of Good Templars operated in Lockeford as Rescue Lodge no. 115 for more than thirty years. This group included children in its activities. The juvenile auxiliary organization was known as the "Band of Hope." This group is represented in the collection by a volume of minutes (1868-1870). By 1874 most of the members of the Good Templars were juveniles. The adult organization is represented in this collection by a songsheet.
In 1889 Lockeford women established a chapter of the Women's Christian Temperance Union. This organization was sufficiently active between 1891 and 1895 to operate a reading room in Luther Locke's butcher shop. The group sponsored speaking contests to popularize its views and organized a children's auxiliary. The WCTU is represented in this collection by a printed report (1892).

Container List

Box Box 1

MINUTE BOOKS; ACCOUNT BOOKS

Folder Folder 1

-Sons of Temperance, Live Oak Div. no. 29. "Record Scribe's Book," 1860-1862. Minutes pp. 1-258 [leather-bound, marked "Day-Book" on spine]

Folder Folder 2

-Sons of Temperance, Live Oak Div. no. 29. "Record Scribe's Book," 1863-1865. Minutes pp. 1-114 "Names of those expelled" p. 507 "Brother Bramhall lectured to us..." and other misc. notes p. 527 "Names of those who proposed candidates" pp. 547-548 List of Officers; Recpts., 1863-1864 pp. 562-572 [leather-bound, marked "Journal" on spine]

Folder Folder 3

-Sons of Temperance, Live Oak Div. no. 29. "Financial Scribe's Book," Jan. 1860-Oct. 1864. Payments, 4/61-10/64 pp. 1-30 Membership rolls, 1/60-10/64 pp. 350-358 Treasurer's recpts., 4/61-9/63 pp. 372-382 [paper covers marked on front cover label: "Day Book of Financial Scribe, Live Oak Division...," etc.; loose covers]

Folder Folder4

-Sons of Temperance, Live Oak Div. no. 29. "Treasurer's Book," 1860-1864. Accounts pp. 1-35 [small ledger, leatherette covers, marked "Journal" on spine]

Folder Folder5

-Sons of Temperance, Live Oak Div. no. 29. [Account Book], 1860-1864. Accounts by name pp. 1-197 [lacks covers, alphabetical tab index]

Box Box 2

CORRESPONDENCE & PRINTED MATTER

Folder Folder1

Folder 1: Sons of Temperance--Rituals [printed on cardboard; 16 copies]

Folder Folder2

Folder 2: S.O.T.--Officers' Duties & Initiation Ceremonies [printed on cardboard]

 

Conductor [2 copies]

 

Asst. Conductor [2 copies]

 

Chaplain [2 copies]

 

Inside & Outside Sentinels [2 copies]

 

Past Worthy Patriarch [3 copies]

Folder Folder3

S.O.T.--"Grand Worthy Patriarch's Letters" [i.e. corresp. from head of Order in SF, 1861- 1864; 6 items, incl. env.]

Folder Folder4

S.O.T.--"Promiscuous Letters" [i.e. misc. corresp., 1861-1865; chiefly courtesy notices from nearby chapters re expelled mem- bers; also incl. member resignation notes and speaker arrangements; 20 items, incl. env.]

 

**Angry letter from member who resigns because chapter has admitted "illiterate indians"

 

**Resolution honoring founder Dr. Wm. Kerr, d. 1861

Folder Folder5

Folder 5: S.O.T.--"Admission Cards" [10 items; incl. env.]

Folder Folder6

S.O.T.--Ritual Books

 

-Blue Book for the Use of Subordinate Divisions of the Order of the Sons of Temperance. NY, 1857. [2]

 

-S.F. Carey. Ritual for the Admission of Females into the Sons of Temperance. Trenton, N.J.: W.B. Howell, 1859. [4]

Folder Folder7

S.O.T.--Constitution & By-Laws (1860) [2 copies]

Folder Folder8

S.O.T.--Misc.BusinessPapers[6 items]

 

Membership reporting forms [3; 2 completed, 1 blank]

 

Rcpts.

Folder Folder9

Misc. Printed Matter, Other Temperance Organizations

 

-Songs of the Dashaways. SF, 1860.

 

-Independent Order of Good Templars Odes, n.d.[printed on cardboard]

 

-13th Annual Report of the Women's Christian Temperance Union (1892).

Folder Folder10

Misc. Temperance Literature

 

-Maine Temperance Journal [adv. circular]

 

-Dead River Grand Trunk Railway [tract]

 

-Plymouth Pulpit (8-27-70) [Henry Ward Beecher publ.]

Folder Folder11

U.S. Sanitary Commission Papers 1864-1865

 

-Official Statement of the Workings of the Sanitary Commission no. 4 (May 1865).

 

-O.C. Wheeler, Secty., Calif. Branch to local chapters [4 items] suggests concerts & monthly meeetings to raise funds, 1-65 personal greetings to Delia M. Locke, 1-9-65 suggests using Washington's Birthday as basis for fund-raiser, 1-20-65 re fund raising during holiday season, 12-3-65

Folder Folder12

Journal used by two charitable organizations for different purposes 1861; 1864-1865

 

-Sons of Temperance. New Era Division no. 71, Athearn School [now Clements]. "Recording Scribe's Book," Apr.-Oct. 1861. Minutes pp. 3-41

 

-U.S. Sanitary Commission. Soldiers' Aid Society of Lockeford, Nov. 1864-Jun. 1865. Minutes pp. 48-64

Folder Folder13

-"Lockeford 'Band of Hope' Book of Records & Signatures to the Constitution," Nov. 1868-Jan. 1870.