Register of the Stanford Listening Post Records, 1940-1945

Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
© 1999
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Stanford Listening Post Records, 1940-1945

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email:
© 1999 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Stanford Listening Post Records,
Date (inclusive): 1940-1945
Collection number: 40001
Creator: Stanford Listening Post
Collection Size: 32 manuscript boxes, 1 envelope. 13.4 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, transcripts of radio broadcasts, study papers, notes, and card indexes, relating to radio broadcasts from east and southeast Asia
Language: English.

Administrative Information


Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Stanford Listening Post Records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1940.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Access Points

United States. Office of War Information
Radio broadcasting--East Asia
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945--Propaganda
East Asia
United States

Historical Note

The Stanford Listening Post was established in the Archives Division of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace in 1940 for the purpose of recording and studying radio broadcasts from the Far East. The Rockefeller Foundation granted $8,250 to cover the costs of equipment, supplies, and salaries for receiving, recording, and transcribing trans-Pacific broadcasts. Recording began in mid-September 1940 and continued to the end of May 1941 when the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) established listening posts throughout the country for round-the-clock monitoring of foreign broadcasts. The Stanford post recorded foreign broadcasts for the FCC from 1941 to 1943 and transmitted American broadcasts of the United States Office of War Information (OWI) to the Far East from 1942 to 1945.
The Stanford Listening Post used two short-wave receivers, an RME 69 and a highly selective HRO. During the last few weeks of the experiment, a Hallicrafter commercial type receiver was used in place of the RME. Two rhombic antennas provided directional reception from east-west and north-south. Two standard office Ediphones recorded the broadcasts. Only transmissions in English were recorded in the beginning, although test recordings of other languages were made. News and news commentator programs in English from three stations were recorded regularly--Tokyo, Japan; Chungking, China; and Saigon, French Indo-China. Occasional recordings were made from Hsinking, Manchukuo; Shanghai, China; and Sydney, Australia.
After broadcasts were recorded on Ediphone wax cylinders, a single typed copy was made of the transcript with text double spaced. There were several checks for accuracy. After the final checking, transcripts were duplicated and sent to a selected list of persons and libraries interested in Pacific affairs.
The staff of the Stanford Listening Post included Inez G. Richardson, who was director, Richard Beckett, Pauline Hamm, Maria Hoge, Rosemary Johansson, Kay Kitagawa, Margaret Lintner, Helene von Damm, and Ann Van Wagenen.
(Source: Annual Report of the Chairman, 1940-41. Hoover Library on War, Revolution, and Peace).

Series Description

Box Box No. 1.-2.

Card Indexes.

Scope and Content Note

Three card files consisting of a list of subscribers to the Stanford Listening Post transcripts, a reference file to general information used by Stanford Listening Post staff, and a subject index to the Stanford Listening Post transcripts (citations are to the Tokyo-to-America broadcasts unless otherwise stated). Each file is arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box Box No. 3.

Correspondence, 1941, 1959.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence relating to subscription of the Stanford Listening Post transcripts, arranged chronologically.
Box Box No. 3.-14.

Transcripts of Broadcasts Received, 1940-1943.

Scope and Content Note

Transcripts of foreign broadcasts received by the Stanford Listening Post, September 1940 to May 1941, and transcripts of foreign broadcasts received by Stanford on behalf of the U.S. Office of War Information (OWI) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), June 1941 to June 1943. Folders include draft translations as well as final transcripts. Arrangement is alphabetical by transmitting city and there-under chronological. The transcripts of the Tokyo broadcasts are divided into three groups--broadcasts intended for the Americas, broadcasts intended for Asia, and broadcasts received by Stanford on behalf of OWI and FCC.
Box Box No. 15.-21.

Transcrips of OWI Broadcasts Transmitted, 1942-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Transcripts of broadcasts originating with the Office of War Information (OWI) and transmitted from Stanford by short-wave radio to the Far East. Arranged alphabetically by names of the OWI news services and there-under chronologically. The OWI news services included the Chinese News (sometimes called the Chinese Dialect News or Dialect News), Japan-Formosa News, and Thai News.
Box Box No. 22.-29.

Project to Analyse Foreign Broadcasts Received by the Stanford Listening Post, 1940-1942.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, drafts of study papers, outlines and plans, notes, and broadcast transcripts of a project to study and compare the propaganda methods of China and Japan as revealed in their radio broadcasts. The final report was not completed, but the records contain drafts of some chapters, notes and copies of Stanford Listening Post broadcast transcripts arranged by subject.

Container List


Card Indexes

Box 1.

List of subscribers to transcripts


Subject index to transcripts (citations are to Tokyo-to-America broadcasts unless otherwise stated)

Box 2.

Reference file to information on important persons in the news, foreign words and idioms, and foreign newspapers


Correspondence, 1941, 1959.

Box 3.

Correspondence relating to subscriptions to Stanford Listening Post transcripts


Transcripts of Broadcasts Received, 1940-1943

Box 3.

Chungking, September 15, 1940-February 28, 1941

Box 4.

Chungking, March 1, 1941-May 15, 1941

Box 5.

Chungking, May 16, 1941-May 31, 1941


Chungking, March 1941-April 1941 (second copy)


Chungking, July 1941-August 1941 (OWI-FCC)


Hsinking (Manchukuo), August 1941 (OWI-FCC)


Saigon, September 15, 1940-October 15, 1940

Box 6.

Saigon, October 16, 1940-February 28, 1941

Box 7.

Saigon, March 1, 1941-May 15, 1941

Box 8.

Saigon, May 16, 1941-May 30, 1941


Saigon, August 1941 (OWI-FCC)


Sydney, February 1, 1941-May 31, 1941


Tokyo-America, September 15, 1940-September 30, 1940

Box 9.

Tokyo-America, October 1, 1940-December 31, 1940

Box 10.

Tokyo-America, January 1, 1941-March 31, 1941

Box 11.

Tokyo-America, April 1, 1941-May 30, 1941


Tokyo-Asia, September 15, 1940-November 30, 1940

Box 12.

Tokyo-Asia, December 1, 1940-May 31, 1941


Tokyo, June 1941-September 1941 (OWI-FCC)

Box 13.

Tokyo, August 1941-September 1941 (OWI-FCC)


Thailand, September 1942-February 1943 (OWI-FCC)

Box 14.

Thailand, March 1943-June 1943 (OWI-FCC)


Miscellaneous transcripts (Stanford Listening Post)


Transcripts of OWI Broadcasts Transmitted, 1942-1945

Box 15.

Chinese News, August 1942-March 1943

Box 16.

Chinese News, April 1943-September 1943

Box 17.

Chinese News, October 1943-March 1944

Box 18.

Chinese News, April 1944-September 1944

Box 19.

Chinese News, October 1944-November 1944 and January 1945-April 1945

Box 20.

Chinese News,May 1945-August 1945 and miscellaneous broadcasts


Japan-Formosa News, May 1945-August 1945

Box 21.

Thai News, May 1942-June 1943


Project to Analyse Foreign Broadcasts Received by Stanford Listening Post, 1940-1942

Box 22.

Project correspondence, 1942


Outlines and plans


Chapter outlines


Project report--outlines, introduction to Chungking chapter, resume of propaganda content


Project report, drafts


Comparison of Chungking and Tokyo broadcasts


Comparisons of press


Chungking broadcasts


Quantitative tables comparing broadcast references to subjects


Tabulated analysis of references to leaders


Subject arrangement of transcripts, 1940-1942


Burma Road










French Indo-China relations




Government control of economics


Government development of economics

Box 23.



Industrial cooperatives


Military failures


Monetary policy




Occupation of


Overseas Chinese


Pleas for American aid


Political developments


Radio communications


Relief program


Shanghai, international settlement


Transportation and communications


War (Chungking broadcasts only)

Box 24.

European War

Box 25.



Collaboration with Axis


International policy


Marshal Petain


French Indo-China and Thailand


Radio Saigon





Box 26.

Great Britain


Pro-British broadcasts


Anti-British broadcasts


Anglo-Soviet relations




Balkan relations


Chungking bombings


Culture, education, and research


Dutch East India relations




Economic expansion




Foreign travellers


German relations


Imperial way

Box 27.

Indo-China penetration


Italian relations




Occupation of China


Peace offensive


Political reorganization


South American relations


Special references


Triparte Pact


U.S. relations


War (Tokyo broadcasts only)




Chinese relations


Japanese relations

Box 28.

United States


American evacuation


Anti-American propaganda


Pro-American propaganda


Placating American public opinion


War stories


Unindexed transcripts

Box 29.

Unindexed transcripts


Miscellaneous project notes

Box 30-32.