Inventory to the Charles Edward Stuart Papers 1917-1942

Processed by Hoover Institution Archives Staff; machine-readable finding aid created by Michael C. Conkin
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 1998
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Inventory to the Charles Edward Stuart Papers 1917-1942

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Processed by:
Hoover Institution Archives Staff.
Encoded by:
Michael C. Conkin
© 1998 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Charles Edward Stuart papers
Date (inclusive): 1917-1942
Collection number: 80067
Creator: Stuart, Charles Edward, 1881-
Collection Size: 4 manuscript boxes, 14 motion picture film reels, and 7 cubic foot boxes of film preservation copies (9 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Writings, correspondence, memoranda, reports, and clippings, relating to the fuel industries in the United States during and after World War I, coal mining in the United States and the Soviet Union, and economic planning; and motion picture film of social conditions and economic activities in the Soviet Union, 1926-1936. Includes preservation copies of motion picture (36 reels in 7 cubic foot boxes).
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection open for research. Use copies of motion picture film in this collection are available for immediate access.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Charles Edward Stuart papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1980.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

Charles Edward Stuart (1881-1943) was an American engineer who served as chief of the Power Conservation Bureau of the United States Fuel Administration during World War I and as a consultant to the Soviet government from 1926 to 1932.

Scope and Content of Collection

Writings, correspondence, memoranda, reports, and clippings, relating to the fuel industries in the United States during and after World War I, coal mining in the United States and the Soviet Union, and economic planning; and motion picture film of social conditions and economic activities in the Soviet Union from 1926 to 1936 titled Soviet Russia Through the Eyes of an American. Includes preservation copies of the motion picture (36 reels in 7 cubic foot boxes).

Access Points

United States. Fuel Administration.
Coal mines and mining--Soviet Union.
Coal mines and mining--United States.
Economic policy.
Engineering--Soviet Union.
Engineering--United States.
Fuel--United States.
World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1914-1918--Economic aspects.
World War, 1914-1918--United States.
Soviet Union.
Russia (Federation)
Soviet Union--Economic policy--1928-1932.
United States--Politics and government.
United States--Foreign relations.
Moving-pictures.
Engineers.
Soviet Union--Views.


Container List

Box 1.

The Fuel Industry and Planned Economy - United States

Folder 1-F

Articles and addresses on coal. Ten bound items (1919-1935) on coal mine efficiency, coal as affected by anti-trust laws, coal as it relates to the national economy, etc. Includes address on The Export-Import Bank, by Charles E. Stuart as the bank's Executive Vice President, before the American Cotton Shippers Association, April 26, 1935, New Orleans

Folder 2-F

U.S. Fuel Administration - Various programs. File containing about a dozen articles on the U.S. Fuel Administration, World War I (Mr. Stuart was Chief of Power and Light Division) including "War Conservation of Power and Light" (June 1918), "Storage Battery Locomotive as Applied to Mine Haulafe" (1922), and "Suggestions to Be Considered in Adopting the Skip-Stop System" (for fuel conservation). Mr. Stuart originated the Skip-Stop System

Folder 3-F

Black binder (Stuart, James and Cooke) of blueprints of various coal mine design (cir ca 1915)

Folder 4-F

"The Fuel Industry," Two typewritten copies of verbatim notes as dictated on September 14, 1933

Folder 5-F

"Coal Hurdles the Anti-Trust Law," Review of Reviews, March 15, 1933. Typescript (3 pages). Also included in folder 1-F

Box 6-F

"Marketing and Distribution of Coal from the District of Richmond, Virginia." Typewritten report (14 pages). Includes map of coal shipments throughout Virginia

Box 7-F.

Typewritten excerpts from letters received by Charles E. Stuart after publication of "A Tested Stabilization Plan" (August 20, 1932) in The Black Diamond, and of a radio talk, "Coal Points the Way to Economic Stability," NBC Network, October 7, 1932. Also included in folder 1-F

Box 8-F.

"A Planned Future for 120 Million People," by Roscoe C. Edlund and Charles E. Stuart, A Series of Radio Discussions on the National Recovery Act (NRA), #3, for broadcast on station WJZ and NBC Blue Network, August 25, 1933, 7:15 p.m. Includes an earlier draft with handwritten comments

Folder 9-F.

"A Plan for Establishing an Institute to Advance Planned Economy for Industries." File of five typewritten papers containing excerpts from an address delivered by Charles E. Stuart on WJZ and a national network on October 7, 1932

Folder 10-F.

"Planning for Industrial Self-Government," October 5, 1933. Typescript (12 pages)

Folder 11-F.

"Planned Economy," address delivered before the Engineers Club of Philadelphia, March 28, 1933. Typescript

Folder 12-F.

"National Industrial Planning," address delivered before the New York City Rotary Club, May 11, 1933. Typescript (10 pages)

Folder 13-F.

"Central Planning Charts (USA)," August 9. Typescript (34 pages) and organizational charts

Folder 14-F.

Comments by Charles E. Stuart, January 23, 1937, following his trip to Europe as a member of the U.S. Government's Commission to investigate the Cooperative Enterprise. Typescript (36 pages), with handwritten corrections

Folder 15-F.

"Objectives of Industrial Planning," by Charles E. Stuart (no date but believed to be early 1930's) relative to his contribution to a pamphlet entitled The American Way Out, by Howard E. Coffin

Folder 16-F.

"The Fundamentals of Industrial Planning Under the Proposed National Recovery Act," address or letter by Charles E. Stuart (no date, but believed to be the early 1930's). Typescript (8 pages)

Folder 17-F.

News release (no date) relative to Charles E. Stuart's address before the National Association of Manufacturers' Convention at the Waldorf-Astoria, New York, urging immediate establishment of a federal planning council. Typescript (3 pages)

 

Experiences in the USSR during the 1920s and 1930s; The European Economy

Folder 1-R.

Report of the Firm of Stuart, James and Cooke to the USSR, May 12, 1931. Describes four years of association between the American Engineering firm and the Russian coal industry, and makes recommendations for increasing the efficiency of operations and the productive capacity of this industry. Detailed and very frank. Typescript (ca. 70 pages)

Folder 2-R.

Letter signed by V. L. Piatakoff, Vice-Commissar of the People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry, USSR, May 27, 1932 (copies in Russian and English), expressing gratitude to the firm of Stuart, James and Cooke for its work in the Soviet Union and especially praising Charles E. Stuart for the manner in which he conducted himself. Attached is a photo of the mine Izvestia, which was constructed according to the design of and with the assistance of Stuart, James and Cooke.

Folder 3-R.

Preliminary proposal to Gipromez (for purpose of discussion only), March 27, 1929, from Stuart, James and Cooke. Typescript (9 pages)

Folder 4-R.

Donugol Mine Management Contract, October 8, 1929, between the Russian Donetsky State Coal Trust (Donugol) and Stuart, James and Cooke. Two typescript copies (7 pages)

Box 2., Folder 5-R.

Donugol Report, April 11, 1927, letter and report from Stuart, James and Cooke to V. N. Matove, Chief Engineer, Bureau of Projection. Typescript (ca. 55 pages)

Folder 6-R.

Donugol - Report of Technical Council, May 8, 1927. Handwritten minutes (in English), apparently written by a Russian and signed by the President and Secretary of the Technical Council. Includes typescript Russian translation

Folder 7-R.

Reply of Stuart, James and Cooke to questions of the Donugol Coal Commission, October 7, 1929, giving detailed answers to queries relative to procedure, personnel, time cards, vouchers, accounting methods, expenses. Typescript (14 pages). Includes a four-page supplement dated November 4, 1929, on details of coal mining

Folder 8-R.

Proposed agreement with the USSR (1932). Includes draft agreement and copy of agreement as signed. Apparently establishes a general preliminary agreement between the People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry of the USSR (Narkomkiazprom) and Stuart, James and Cooke. Discusses consultation, reports, travel, technical assistance, possible disputes, and arbitration. Note in pencil says original signed by G. L. Piatakoff, and sent to Stuart, James and Cooke by Amtorg (signed by L. G. Khvostovsky)

Folder 9-R.

Agreement Shachtostroy, December 8, 1930, Kharkov. Copy of agreement between the State Trust for Projecting and Construction of Shafts in the Coal Mining Industry of the USSR (Shachtostroy, Nikolay Mikhailovitch Sagine, manager) and Stuart, James and Cooke. Typescript (18 pages). This folder includes another item (Shachtostroy, Cancellation Contract of December 8, 1930, which includes "Diary of Cancellation" and reports, letters and telegrams/cables (in English and in Russian). Typescript (48 pages)

Folder 10-R.

Copy of Russian reports, April 11, 1927. Typescript (52 pages). Letter from Stuart, James and Cooke to V. N. Matove, Chief of Engineering Bureau of Projection, and very detailed report under terms of contract between Donugol and Charles E. Stuart for rehabilitation of the Capitalnaya Mine Nos. 1 and 2 or one other mine know as N-21

Folder 11-R.

Amtorg - Report on Coal Mining Organization, October 8, 1932, describing for the Russians the organization of coal mining plants in the United States. Typescript (28 pages), and three charts

Folder 12-R.

"Industrial Conditions in Russia," no date. Article by Charles E. Stuart, describing early Soviet industrial development patterned after American methods; mentions first United States firms engaged by the Soviets (Ford Motor Co. for tractors and motors, General Electric (and others) for electrical work, Colonel Hugh Cooper in the development of water power on the Drieper River, Freyn in the steel industry, others); goes into detail of Charles E. Stuart's and Stuart, James and Cooke's work in Russia and their reactions to the Russians and their methods, life in Russia, etc. Typescript (10 pages)

Folder 13-R.

"Metal Mining in Russia," March 10, 1917, by Sidney H. Ball, mining geologist, and Bela Low, mining engineer. A review of 1917 status of the metal mining industry in Russia, together with geological descriptions of the various mineral deposits and details of all the principal producing mining companies. States that "Russia stands eighth in the list of world's copper producers, fourth as a gold producer, and first in the production of platinum, and has the most important manganese deposits in the world." Typescript (41 pages)

Folder 14-R.

"Status of Industrial Management in Russia Today." Discussion by Charles E. Stuart before the Industrial Engineers, October 14, 1930-1931? Very interesting analysis of Russia, the Russian economy and industrial system, the Russian government, and the Russian mind. Typescript (15 pages). Includes a draft copy of above with handwritten corrections

Folder 15-R.

Russia - Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons, London, February 15, 1935. Copy of report dispatched to the United States Secretary of State, Washington, and routed to officers of the Export-Import Bank (Mr. Stuart was Executive Vice-President of the bank at the time)

Folder 16-R.

"National and Industrial Planned Economy," address by Charles E. Stuart before the News Leader Current Events Club, Richmond, Virginia, April 6, 1933. Typescript (14 pages). Review of first weeks of FDR's first term and recommendations for solutions for the United States. Compares U.S. with European economy.

Folder 17-R.

"Industry in Russia and the United States," address by Charles E. Stuart before the Thursday Club, New York City, January 26, 1933. Review of his personal and his firm's work in Russia, frank analysis of the situation in the Soviet Union. Reviews situation in the United States, recommends solutions along lines of planned economy. Typescript (9 pages)

Folder 18-R.

"Central Planning," address re Russia by Charles E. Stuart, n.d. Typescript (4 pages)

Folder 19-R.

News Week, Inc., April 14, 1933, presumably article written by Charles E. Stuart for News Week. Refers to his luncheon with George Bernard Shaw and the latter's reference to and praise of Mr. Stuart in talk on April 11, 1933, and in a personal letter to Mr. Stuart the next day (April 12, 1933). Typescript (13 pages)

Folder 20-R.

News Week memo to Charles E. Stuart. One half of typewritten questions, presumably sent prior to interview, and preparation of articles in News Week. See also Item 19-R.

Folder 21-R.

Time Magazine memo. Note says that original memo was prepared in May, 1932, "prior to Hitler's incoming," by an editor of Time. Said to have been regarded as a fantastic prediction by the Board of Editors (of the magazine) and, therefore, not published. Memo refers to Charles E. Stuart's opinion re Russia, Japan, and Germany, and his prediction that Italy would go in with Germany and, at the right moment, Germany would attack Russia, etc. Typescript (3 pages)

Folder 22-R.

File of 91 letters re Charles E. Stuart's radio address of October 7, 1932, entitled "Coal Points the Way to Economic Stability"

Folder 23-R.

"European Conditions in Their Relationship to International Trade and Export Credits," address by Charles E. Stuart before the National Foreign Trade convention, Houston, November 19, 1935. Discusses (a) Foreign Trade Policies of England, France, Germany, Italy, Turkey and Russia, (b) Governmental Organization in Relation to Foreign Trade, and (c) Export Credit Aids, Aims and Results. Typescript (29 pages)

Folder 24-R.

Report on European Conditions in Their Relationship International Trade and Export Credits, by Charles E. Stuart. Section 1, August 30, 1935 (182 pages). See also Item 23-R.

Folder 25-R.

Hard-bound book, same as above

Folder 26-R.

Russian Planning - Memo concerning statement received from Russia, December 29, 1927. Miscellaneous documents pertaining to expense accounts, petty cash, disbursement, etc., of firm of Stuart, James and Cooke

Folder 27-R.

Current History, August 1942. Issue containing article by Charles E. Stuart entitled "The Secret of Soviet Power"

Box 3., Folder 28-R.

Scrapbook of newspaper clippings re Russia, originating in 1926. First section about Charles E. Stuart, including his praise of Herbert Hoover's relief work and mining experiences in Russia. Later section contains many articles re Russian trials (especially those regarding coal mining in the Donetz Basin; includes articles telling how a Russian engineer working for Stuart, James and Cooke was accused by the Russians of selling his loyalty to the United States, June 19, 1928). Many articles written by Walter Duranty for the New York Times. Also section on two other American firms engaged by the Soviets, the Freyn Engineering co. and Colonel Hugh L. Cooper. Then section of general interest re Russia (including one Duranty article entitled "50,000 in Moscow Cheer Afghan King" and New York Times article entitled "Russia Scours World Markets for Cash Wheat: Faces Famine Through Fight of Peasants"

Folder 29-R.

Large Scrapbook of newspaper clippings, probably starting in 1930. Hundreds of news articles re all phases of Russia: the military, economy, culture, trials, etc. Much about George Bernard Shaw and Lady Astor's visit to Russia in 1931. Includes a number of articles about Russia-China link and Russia's fear of Japan, as well as about FDR on Russia

 

Miscellaneous - Stuart, James and Cooke Public Relations

Box 4., Folder 1-M.

Stuart, James and Cooke - History of the firm, its accomplishments and references, and personal résumé. Typescript (ca. 40 pages)

Folder 2-M.

Engineering Services - Stuart, James and Cooke. Printed pamphlet of scope of activities of the firm and service records of its top personnel

Folder 3-M.

Miscellaneous Public Relations. Letters, magazine articles, etc. Includes January 1932 copy of VMI Alumni News (with two-page article about Charles E. Stuart). Most of the material in this file pertains to Mr. Stuart and his firm's activities in coal mining

Folder 4-M.

Clippings re address by Charles E. Stuart. Includes George Bernard Shaw's references to Mr. Stuart's address in New York and subsequent personal letter to Mr. Stuart from Mr. Shaw

Folder 5-M.

Miscellaneous Publicity. File includes copy of George Bernard Shaw's letter to Charles E. Stuart, April 12, 1933 (original of Shaw letter is in Mrs. Stuart's safe deposit box); copy of "European Conditions in Relationship to International Trade and Export Credits" by Charles E. Stuart (see also items 23-R and 24-R); records of Who's Who in America, 1934-1935 edition; letters on European conditions; Industrial Principles Applied to Mining; Report on the Inquiry on Cooperative Enterprise in Europe, 1937; photographs of Charles E. Stuart taken in Sweden when investigating Cooperatives; copies of letters received re Report on Cooperative Enterprise Inquiry; personal letter from Lloyd-George written on receipt of above report; photostat of editorial by Raymond Clapper in the New York World Telegram concerning the possible appointment of Charles E. Stuart as Ambassador to Russia; copies of letters written to the President of the United States (FDR), the Honorable Cordell Hull, and the Honorable R. Walton Moore, pertaining to consideration of Mr. Stuart for the ambassadorial appointment

Film shelf

Soviet Russia through the Eyes of an American motion picture film circa 1926-1930

Soviet Russia through the Eyes of an American motion picture film, circa 1926-1930

Physical Description: 35mm black and white print with sound (9 reels), 35mm black and white silent print (5 reels)

Scope and Content Note

One of the first moving pictures filmed in the Soviet Union by a foreigner, Soviet Russia Through the Eyes of an American was filmed by Charles Edward Stuart, an internationally recognized American mining engineer engaged by the Soviets under their first five-year plan. The film is a travelogue directed by Stuart and narrated by radio personality Norman Brokenshire. Filmed in cities and villages and from trains, river steamers, and bus caravans, the travelogue journeys southward from Moscow to Kharkov and Stalingrad, to the Crimea in the Black Sea, and, finally, eastward through the Caucasus to Tbilisi in Georgia. During the 1930s, the film was shown in commercial theaters in the United States and was used by Stuart in conjunction with lectures to university audiences throughout the country. In 1985, R. C. Raack, professor of history and cataloger of historical documentary films at the University of California at Hayward, completed an appraisal of the Stuart film. Believing that the footage was shot between 1926 and 1930, Professor Raack states, in part, "In the documentary film world the footage compiled by Mr. Stuart must be regarded as remarkable because it shows Moscow before the first five-year plan, lively, thriving, almost prosperous. We also have remarkable scenes of Kharkov, perhaps just before 1930, showing some of the remarkable achievements of Soviet architecture before the disasters of complete Stalinization. This city footage and more from Soviet Georgia are the most impressive parts of the material."

Access Information

Use copies are available for immediate use. Use copy reference number: 80067_f_0007472
Boxes: 5-11

Film preservation copies of Soviet Russia Through the Eyes of an American motion picture film

Note

The 35mm black and white print with sound was preserved through a 1999 grant from the National Film Preservation Foundation. Includes four sets of film copies (duplicate picture negative, duplicate sound negative, composite answer print, and composite release print).