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The Fuel Industry and Planned Economy - United States
Articles and addresses on coal. Ten bound items (1919-1935) on coal mine efficiency, coal as affected by anti-trust laws, coal as it relates to the national economy, etc. Includes address on The Export-Import Bank, by Charles E. Stuart as the bank's Executive Vice President, before the American Cotton Shippers Association, April 26, 1935, New Orleans
U.S. Fuel Administration - Various programs. File containing about a dozen articles on the U.S. Fuel Administration, World War I (Mr. Stuart was Chief of Power and Light Division) including "War Conservation of Power and Light" (June 1918), "Storage Battery Locomotive as Applied to Mine Haulafe" (1922), and "Suggestions to Be Considered in Adopting the Skip-Stop System" (for fuel conservation). Mr. Stuart originated the Skip-Stop System
Black binder (Stuart, James and Cooke) of blueprints of various coal mine design (cir ca 1915)
"The Fuel Industry," Two typewritten copies of verbatim notes as dictated on September 14, 1933
"Coal Hurdles the Anti-Trust Law," Review of Reviews, March 15, 1933. Typescript (3 pages). Also included in folder 1-F
"Marketing and Distribution of Coal from the District of Richmond, Virginia." Typewritten report (14 pages). Includes map of coal shipments throughout Virginia
Typewritten excerpts from letters received by Charles E. Stuart after publication of "A Tested Stabilization Plan" (August 20, 1932) in The Black Diamond, and of a radio talk, "Coal Points the Way to Economic Stability," NBC Network, October 7, 1932. Also included in folder 1-F
"A Planned Future for 120 Million People," by Roscoe C. Edlund and Charles E. Stuart, A Series of Radio Discussions on the National Recovery Act (NRA), #3, for broadcast on station WJZ and NBC Blue Network, August 25, 1933, 7:15 p.m. Includes an earlier draft with handwritten comments
"A Plan for Establishing an Institute to Advance Planned Economy for Industries." File of five typewritten papers containing excerpts from an address delivered by Charles E. Stuart on WJZ and a national network on October 7, 1932
"Planning for Industrial Self-Government," October 5, 1933. Typescript (12 pages)
"Planned Economy," address delivered before the Engineers Club of Philadelphia, March 28, 1933. Typescript
"National Industrial Planning," address delivered before the New York City Rotary Club, May 11, 1933. Typescript (10 pages)
"Central Planning Charts (USA)," August 9. Typescript (34 pages) and organizational charts
Comments by Charles E. Stuart, January 23, 1937, following his trip to Europe as a member of the U.S. Government's Commission to investigate the Cooperative Enterprise. Typescript (36 pages), with handwritten corrections
"Objectives of Industrial Planning," by Charles E. Stuart (no date but believed to be early 1930's) relative to his contribution to a pamphlet entitled The American Way Out, by Howard E. Coffin
"The Fundamentals of Industrial Planning Under the Proposed National Recovery Act," address or letter by Charles E. Stuart (no date, but believed to be the early 1930's). Typescript (8 pages)
News release (no date) relative to Charles E. Stuart's address before the National Association of Manufacturers' Convention at the Waldorf-Astoria, New York, urging immediate establishment of a federal planning council. Typescript (3 pages)
Experiences in the USSR during the 1920s and 1930s; The European Economy
Report of the Firm of Stuart, James and Cooke to the USSR, May 12, 1931. Describes four years of association between the American Engineering firm and the Russian coal industry, and makes recommendations for increasing the efficiency of operations and the productive capacity of this industry. Detailed and very frank. Typescript (ca. 70 pages)
Letter signed by V. L. Piatakoff, Vice-Commissar of the People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry, USSR, May 27, 1932 (copies in Russian and English), expressing gratitude to the firm of Stuart, James and Cooke for its work in the Soviet Union and especially praising Charles E. Stuart for the manner in which he conducted himself. Attached is a photo of the mine Izvestia, which was constructed according to the design of and with the assistance of Stuart, James and Cooke.
Preliminary proposal to Gipromez (for purpose of discussion only), March 27, 1929, from Stuart, James and Cooke. Typescript (9 pages)
Donugol Mine Management Contract, October 8, 1929, between the Russian Donetsky State Coal Trust (Donugol) and Stuart, James and Cooke. Two typescript copies (7 pages)
Donugol Report, April 11, 1927, letter and report from Stuart, James and Cooke to V. N. Matove, Chief Engineer, Bureau of Projection. Typescript (ca. 55 pages)
Donugol - Report of Technical Council, May 8, 1927. Handwritten minutes (in English), apparently written by a Russian and signed by the President and Secretary of the Technical Council. Includes typescript Russian translation
Reply of Stuart, James and Cooke to questions of the Donugol Coal Commission, October 7, 1929, giving detailed answers to queries relative to procedure, personnel, time cards, vouchers, accounting methods, expenses. Typescript (14 pages). Includes a four-page supplement dated November 4, 1929, on details of coal mining
Proposed agreement with the USSR (1932). Includes draft agreement and copy of agreement as signed. Apparently establishes a general preliminary agreement between the People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry of the USSR (Narkomkiazprom) and Stuart, James and Cooke. Discusses consultation, reports, travel, technical assistance, possible disputes, and arbitration. Note in pencil says original signed by G. L. Piatakoff, and sent to Stuart, James and Cooke by Amtorg (signed by L. G. Khvostovsky)
Agreement Shachtostroy, December 8, 1930, Kharkov. Copy of agreement between the State Trust for Projecting and Construction of Shafts in the Coal Mining Industry of the USSR (Shachtostroy, Nikolay Mikhailovitch Sagine, manager) and Stuart, James and Cooke. Typescript (18 pages). This folder includes another item (Shachtostroy, Cancellation Contract of December 8, 1930, which includes "Diary of Cancellation" and reports, letters and telegrams/cables (in English and in Russian). Typescript (48 pages)
Copy of Russian reports, April 11, 1927. Typescript (52 pages). Letter from Stuart, James and Cooke to V. N. Matove, Chief of Engineering Bureau of Projection, and very detailed report under terms of contract between Donugol and Charles E. Stuart for rehabilitation of the Capitalnaya Mine Nos. 1 and 2 or one other mine know as N-21
Amtorg - Report on Coal Mining Organization, October 8, 1932, describing for the Russians the organization of coal mining plants in the United States. Typescript (28 pages), and three charts
"Industrial Conditions in Russia," no date. Article by Charles E. Stuart, describing early Soviet industrial development patterned after American methods; mentions first United States firms engaged by the Soviets (Ford Motor Co. for tractors and motors, General Electric (and others) for electrical work, Colonel Hugh Cooper in the development of water power on the Drieper River, Freyn in the steel industry, others); goes into detail of Charles E. Stuart's and Stuart, James and Cooke's work in Russia and their reactions to the Russians and their methods, life in Russia, etc. Typescript (10 pages)
"Metal Mining in Russia," March 10, 1917, by Sidney H. Ball, mining geologist, and Bela Low, mining engineer. A review of 1917 status of the metal mining industry in Russia, together with geological descriptions of the various mineral deposits and details of all the principal producing mining companies. States that "Russia stands eighth in the list of world's copper producers, fourth as a gold producer, and first in the production of platinum, and has the most important manganese deposits in the world." Typescript (41 pages)
"Status of Industrial Management in Russia Today." Discussion by Charles E. Stuart before the Industrial Engineers, October 14, 1930-1931? Very interesting analysis of Russia, the Russian economy and industrial system, the Russian government, and the Russian mind. Typescript (15 pages). Includes a draft copy of above with handwritten corrections
Russia - Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons, London, February 15, 1935. Copy of report dispatched to the United States Secretary of State, Washington, and routed to officers of the Export-Import Bank (Mr. Stuart was Executive Vice-President of the bank at the time)
"National and Industrial Planned Economy," address by Charles E. Stuart before the News Leader Current Events Club, Richmond, Virginia, April 6, 1933. Typescript (14 pages). Review of first weeks of FDR's first term and recommendations for solutions for the United States. Compares U.S. with European economy.
"Industry in Russia and the United States," address by Charles E. Stuart before the Thursday Club, New York City, January 26, 1933. Review of his personal and his firm's work in Russia, frank analysis of the situation in the Soviet Union. Reviews situation in the United States, recommends solutions along lines of planned economy. Typescript (9 pages)
"Central Planning," address re Russia by Charles E. Stuart, n.d. Typescript (4 pages)
News Week, Inc., April 14, 1933, presumably article written by Charles E. Stuart for News Week. Refers to his luncheon with George Bernard Shaw and the latter's reference to and praise of Mr. Stuart in talk on April 11, 1933, and in a personal letter to Mr. Stuart the next day (April 12, 1933). Typescript (13 pages)
News Week memo to Charles E. Stuart. One half of typewritten questions, presumably sent prior to interview, and preparation of articles in News Week. See also Item 19-R.
Time Magazine memo. Note says that original memo was prepared in May, 1932, "prior to Hitler's incoming," by an editor of Time. Said to have been regarded as a fantastic prediction by the Board of Editors (of the magazine) and, therefore, not published. Memo refers to Charles E. Stuart's opinion re Russia, Japan, and Germany, and his prediction that Italy would go in with Germany and, at the right moment, Germany would attack Russia, etc. Typescript (3 pages)
File of 91 letters re Charles E. Stuart's radio address of October 7, 1932, entitled "Coal Points the Way to Economic Stability"
"European Conditions in Their Relationship to International Trade and Export Credits," address by Charles E. Stuart before the National Foreign Trade convention, Houston, November 19, 1935. Discusses (a) Foreign Trade Policies of England, France, Germany, Italy, Turkey and Russia, (b) Governmental Organization in Relation to Foreign Trade, and (c) Export Credit Aids, Aims and Results. Typescript (29 pages)
Report on European Conditions in Their Relationship International Trade and Export Credits, by Charles E. Stuart. Section 1, August 30, 1935 (182 pages). See also Item 23-R.
Hard-bound book, same as above
Russian Planning - Memo concerning statement received from Russia, December 29, 1927. Miscellaneous documents pertaining to expense accounts, petty cash, disbursement, etc., of firm of Stuart, James and Cooke
Current History, August 1942. Issue containing article by Charles E. Stuart entitled "The Secret of Soviet Power"
Scrapbook of newspaper clippings re Russia, originating in 1926. First section about Charles E. Stuart, including his praise of Herbert Hoover's relief work and mining experiences in Russia. Later section contains many articles re Russian trials (especially those regarding coal mining in the Donetz Basin; includes articles telling how a Russian engineer working for Stuart, James and Cooke was accused by the Russians of selling his loyalty to the United States, June 19, 1928). Many articles written by Walter Duranty for the New York Times. Also section on two other American firms engaged by the Soviets, the Freyn Engineering co. and Colonel Hugh L. Cooper. Then section of general interest re Russia (including one Duranty article entitled "50,000 in Moscow Cheer Afghan King" and New York Times article entitled "Russia Scours World Markets for Cash Wheat: Faces Famine Through Fight of Peasants"
Large Scrapbook of newspaper clippings, probably starting in 1930. Hundreds of news articles re all phases of Russia: the military, economy, culture, trials, etc. Much about George Bernard Shaw and Lady Astor's visit to Russia in 1931. Includes a number of articles about Russia-China link and Russia's fear of Japan, as well as about FDR on Russia
Miscellaneous - Stuart, James and Cooke Public Relations
Stuart, James and Cooke - History of the firm, its accomplishments and references, and personal résumé. Typescript (ca. 40 pages)
Engineering Services - Stuart, James and Cooke. Printed pamphlet of scope of activities of the firm and service records of its top personnel
Miscellaneous Public Relations. Letters, magazine articles, etc. Includes January 1932 copy of VMI Alumni News (with two-page article about Charles E. Stuart). Most of the material in this file pertains to Mr. Stuart and his firm's activities in coal mining
Clippings re address by Charles E. Stuart. Includes George Bernard Shaw's references to Mr. Stuart's address in New York and subsequent personal letter to Mr. Stuart from Mr. Shaw
Miscellaneous Publicity. File includes copy of George Bernard Shaw's letter to Charles E. Stuart, April 12, 1933 (original of Shaw letter is in Mrs. Stuart's safe deposit box); copy of "European Conditions in Relationship to International Trade and Export Credits" by Charles E. Stuart (see also items 23-R and 24-R); records of Who's Who in America, 1934-1935 edition; letters on European conditions; Industrial Principles Applied to Mining; Report on the Inquiry on Cooperative Enterprise in Europe, 1937; photographs of Charles E. Stuart taken in Sweden when investigating Cooperatives; copies of letters received re Report on Cooperative Enterprise Inquiry; personal letter from Lloyd-George written on receipt of above report; photostat of editorial by Raymond Clapper in the New York World Telegram concerning the possible appointment of Charles E. Stuart as Ambassador to Russia; copies of letters written to the President of the United States (FDR), the Honorable Cordell Hull, and the Honorable R. Walton Moore, pertaining to consideration of Mr. Stuart for the ambassadorial appointment
Soviet Russia through the Eyes of an American motion picture film circa 1926-1930
Scope and Content Note
Film preservation copies of Soviet Russia Through the Eyes of an American motion picture film