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Sonya Levien Papers: Finding Aid
mssHM 55683-56785, mssHM 74388  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Cataloging Decisions
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing: Subjects and Added Entries
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Sonya Levien Papers
    Dates (inclusive): 1908-1960
    Collection Number: mssHM 55683-56785, mssHM 74388
    Creator: Levien, Sonya, 1888?-1960.
    Extent: 1,181 pieces + ephemera and awards in 35 boxes.
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2129
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: This collection contains the papers of Hollywood screenwriter Sonya Levien (1888?-1960), including screenplays, literary manuscripts, correspondence, photographs, awards and ephemera. There is also material in the collection related to Levien's early involvement with the Suffrage movement, both in America and England, as well as material recounting life in England and surviving the Blitz in World War
    Language: English.

    Access

    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. Sonya Levien Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Provenance

    Gifts of Mr. & Mrs. Lee Gold, May 1960, 1980 and 1993.
    The largest part of the collection was given by the Golds in May 1960, including awards, correspondence, manuscripts, and photographs. In February 1980, the Golds donated an additional 33 pieces (accession number 730) that include clippings and xeroxed advertisements relating to screenplays written by Sonya Levien. In May 1993, 3 pieces (accession number 1377) were donated that include motion picture film of Sonya Levien and friends, ca. 1935-1959.

    Cataloging Decisions

    1. This collection was cataloged during a time of transition in cataloging procedures; therefore, some of the name forms on the folders may vary, reflecting the changes in these procedures. However, the names have been rendered consistently in this report according to standard authorized names.
    2. Screenplays - There are added entries for screenplays in which Sonya Levien is a joint author, i.e. not listed first as author.
    3. Manuscripts and Correspondence - Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey are not indexed as addressees; Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey are indexed as joint authors.
    4. Oversize Photograph (HM 74388) - this photograph was damaged and required restoration treatment by the Conservation Department; therefore, it was not available to be cataloged with the collection in 1997. The photograph was subsequently returned to the Manuscripts Department, cataloged and added to the collection (Box 35), so the call number is out of sequence with the rest of the collection.

    Biographical Note

    Sonya Levien (1888?-1960) was born in Russia, most likely around 1888, although her "official" birth date is usually given as 25 December 1898. Her family immigrated to the United States when she was eight years old, settling on the East Side of New York City. She worked her way through New York University Law School and was admitted to the bar in 1909. Deciding not to practice law, she secured a position on the Woman's Journal, a magazine owned by Alice Stone Blackwell, primarily devoted to woman's suffrage. She joined the staff of Metropolitan magazine, eventually becoming an assistant editor. She married the magazine's editor, Carl Hovey, in 1917; they had two children, and remained married until his death in 1956.
    Her short stories attracted the attention of Jesse L. Lasky, head of Famous Players-Lasky Corporation. Lasky invited her to Hollywood in 1921. Her first scenario, Cheated Love (1921), was adapted by Levien from one of her short stories. A long-term contract was offered, but not wanting to leave her family in New York City, she declined. Not long after, however, Carl Hovey accepted a position as story editor for Cecil B. DeMille, and Levien returned to California. The Fox Film Corporation signed her to a contract in 1929, where she remained until 1940. At Fox, she was entrusted with writing the screenplays of vehicles for the studio's most popular stars, Janet Gaynor (six films) and Will Rogers (five films). Among her most noteworthy screenplays of this period were Daddy Long Legs (1931), Cavalcade (1933), State Fair (1933), The Country Doctor (1936), In Old Chicago (1938), Drums Along the Mohawk (1939), and The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939). In 1941, she went to work for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, where her versatility was proven with such films as The Valley of Decision (1945), The Green Years (1946), Quo Vadis (1951), The Great Caruso (1951), Oklahoma! (1955), Interrupted Melody (1955), for which she and William Ludwig won the Academy Award for story and screenplay, and Bhowani Junction (1956). She was credited with 70 screenplays and was the sole screenwriter for 32 films. Sonya Levien died of cancer on 19 March 1960.

    Bibliography

    American Jewish Biography. Vol II. ed. Jacob Rader Marcus (Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing, Inc., 1994), p. 371.
    Ceplair, Larry. A Great Lady: A Life of the Screenwriter Sonya Levien. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 1996.
    Contemporary Authors. Vol 113. ed. Hal May (Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1985), see: Hovey, Sonya.
    Dictionary of Literary Biography. Vol 44. ed. Randall Clark (Detroit: Gale Research Company). "American Screenwriters" Second Series, pp. 171-178.

    Scope and Content

    The collection consists of screenplays, literary manuscripts, correspondence, photographs, awards and ephemera of Hollywood screenwriter Sonya Levien.
    The papers consist of the following series:
    Screenplays (Boxes 1-16), while not consisting of Sonya Levien's total output of seventy films, does cover the entire span of her career, from A Girl of the Circus (1925) to Jeanne Eagels (1956). The screenplays also include a draft written by William Faulkner, Drums Along the Mohawk, Sonya's Oscar award-winning screenplay Interrupted Melody written with William Ludwig, and a final draft of Joseph and His Brethren written by Clifford Odets. Another script, A Woman of My Own , was a collaboration between Sonya Levien and Zoë Akins. Besides screenplays the series includes a novella written by Sonya entitled The Man Who Lived Alone, as well as, four engagement books for the years 1916, 1917, 1921 and 1924. The materials are filed alphabetically except for the oversized screenplays which are stored in Box 16.
    Correspondence and literary manuscripts (other than screenplays) (Boxes 17-30), are arranged alphabetically by author. They include some personal letters but are mainly business related. There are also business letters relating to the Metropolitan magazine and Carl Hovey as editor and correspondent. This series also includes original essays and articles written by Sonya Levien and others.
    Photographs (Box 31), are arranged by subject and date. Included are photos of Sonya Levien, covering the years c.1900-pre1961. This series also includes a large photo collection of American and British Suffrage Activists.
    Ephemera (Box 32) is arranged by folder number. It holds lists, clippings, concert programs, signed playbills, notes on the Suffrage movement and a guestbook.
    Awards (Box 33). The awards are the Christopher Award for Quo Vadis (1952), The Screen Directors Guild of America Award (1958), and, the first ever presented, Screen Writers Guild, Laurel for Achievement (1953).
    Awards Oversize (Box 34) are arranged alphabetically and by size. They include twelve "Box Office Blue Ribbon Awards" covering the years 1933 to 1956 for various films; the Interracial Unity Award for Cass Timberlane (1948); the Photoplay Magazine Award for Top Ten Box Office for The Green Years (1946); the mounted certificate of Nomination from the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts & Sciences for Interrupted Melody (1955); from Books & Authors for The Great Caruso (1951), and various awards from the Screen Writers of America (1951-1962).
    Ephemera & Photograph Oversize (Box 35) are arranged alphabetically and by size. It includes one oversize photograph (HM 74388), copies of the suffrage activist paper The Woman's Dreadnought, clippings about Sonya Levien's life and work, and various articles written by Sonya Levien or by Carl Hovey. 13.
    Artifacts (not boxed) include the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences Award (the "Oscar" statuette) for William Ludwig and Sonya Levien for writing the story and screenplay of Interrupted Melody (1955). Another artifact is a motion picture film of Sonya Levien and friends, ca. 1935-pre1961 (unedited master, edited copy and a VHS videotape copy).
    This collection has several strong subject points for the purpose of research. In the screenplay series there are instances of 2-3 drafts of a screenplay, enabling a researcher to trace the creative process of writing a movie script. The collection is also strong in the area of women's suffrage, with such materials as letters, photos, essays, articles and the suffrage newspaper the Woman's Dreadnought. The collection also contains the correspondence of Harold Marsh Harwood and Fryniwyd Tennyson Jesse which recounts life in England and surviving the Blitz during World War II.
    The collection does have some areas of weakness. There is a definite lack of Sonya Levien's personal correspondence as there is little mention of Sonya's children or her husband, Carl Hovey. There is also a lack of material dealing with Sonya's early life or her work as a lawyer. The collection does have several photos of Sonya as a child and photos of her Law School class but no manuscript material.

    Arrangement

    Organized in the following manner:
    • 1. Screenplays (Boxes 1-16)
    • 2. Correspondence and literary manuscripts other than screenplays (Boxes 17-30)
    • 3. Photographs (Box 31)
    • 4. Ephemera (Box 32)
    • 5. Awards (Box 33)
    • 6. Awards oversize (Box 34)
    • 7. Ephemera and Photograph oversize (Box 35)
    • 8. Oscar statuette and film (unboxed)
    • Addams, Jane. In one photograph, c. 1911(?). HM 56757.
    • Ashley, Jessie. In one photograph, c. 1914 (?). HM 56758.
    • Akins, Zoë. In Hugh Kahler, letter to Sonya Levien, 1958, Oct. 31, Philadelphia. HM 56245.
    • Akins, Zoë. In Sonya Levien, letter to Hugh Kahler, 1958, Oct. 31, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56314.
    • American Committee for Russian Famine Relief. In Leon Green, letter to Sonya Levien, 1922, Feb. 16, Chicago. HM 56021.
    • Antisemitism. In F. Tennyson Jesse, letter to Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey, 1938, Apr. 9, London. HM 56181.
    • Antisemitism. In Princess Catherine Radziwell, letters to Sonya Levien, 1921, New York, N.Y. HM 56529-56532.
    • Arzner, Dorothy. In one photograph with Sonya Levien, 1934. HM 56740.
    • Asquith, Margot. In H.J. Whigham, letter to Carl Hovey, c. 1920, Jan. 1, Paris. HM 56647.
    • Beaverbrook, Max Aitken, Baron. In H.J. Whigham, letter to Carl Hovey, 1919, Nov. 7, London. HM 56643.
    • Behrman, S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel). In Theresa Helburn, letter to Sonya Levien, 1956, Oct. 2, New York, N.Y. HM 56076.
    • Behrman, S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel). In Carl Hovey, letters to Brooks Atkinson, 1939, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56089-56090.
    • Behrman, S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel). In Sonya Levien, letter to F. Tennyson Jesse, 1957, May 6, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56313.
    • Belmont, Mrs. Oliver H.P. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56759.
    • Benchley, Robert. In one photograph, c. 1923. HM 56697.
    • Blackwell, Alice Stone. In one photograph, c. 1890(?). HM 56760.
    • Bolton, Guy. In one photograph, 1930, Dec. 17. HM 56703. With autograph inscription to Sonya Levien.
    • Bolton, Guy. In one photograph with Sonya Levien, George Gershwin, and Ira Gershwin, c. 1930. HM 56736.
    • Brinig, Myron. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien, c. 1938. HM 56393.
    • Brinig, Myron. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien, c. 1939, Jan. 14, Albuquerque, N.M. HM 56395.
    • Brinig, Myron. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien, c. 1939, May 11, Taos, N.M. HM 56404.
    • Brinig, Myron. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien, c. 1939, Albuquerque, N.M. HM 56418.
    • Brinig, Myron. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien, c. 1939, Tucson, Ariz. HM 56424.
    • Brinig, Myron. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey, 1937, May 30, Taos, N.M. HM 56447.
    • Bulwer-Lytton, Victor Alexander George Robert, 2nd Earl of Lytton. In one photograph, c.1914. HM 56754. On postcard, signed.
    • Copeland, Charles Townsend. In Walter Dumaux Edmonds, letter to Carl Hovey, 1939, Jan. 6, Cambridge, Mass. HM 55961.
    • Copeland, Charles Townsend. In Paul M. (Paul Merrick) Hollister, letter to Sonya Levien, 1957, Nov. 30, New York, N.Y. HM 56080.
    • Copeland, Charles Townsend. In Copeland Hovey, letter to Paul M. (Paul Merrick) Hollister, 1957, Nov. 25, Los Angeles. HM 56102.
    • Copeland, Charles Townsend. In Sonya Levien, letter to Paul M. (Paul Merrick) Hollister, 1958, Jan. 17, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56307.
    • Craig, Edith. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56761. Signed.
    • Crawford, Joan. In John O'Hara, letter to Sonya Levien, 1953, Aug. 18, Long Island, N.Y. HM 56493.
    • Creel, George. In Sonya Levien, letter to John Collier, 1913, Nov. 22, New York. HM 56293.
    • Cukor, George Dewey. In Bunny Bruce, letter to Sonya Levien, 1956, Aug. 4, London. HM 55846.
    • Dafoe, Allan Ray. In Nunnally Johnson, letter to Sonya Levien, 1935, Oct. 1, Hollywood, Calif. HM 56241.
    • Dafoe, Allan Roy. In one photograph, 1935, Dec. 7. HM 56698.
    • Dafoe, Allan Roy. In one photograph with Sonya Levien and others, 1936. HM 56741.
    • Davis, Richard Harding. In H.J. Whigham, letter to Carl Hovey, c. 1918, New York, N.Y. HM 56641.
    • Davis, Richard Harding. In H.J. Whigham, letter to Carl Hovey, c. 1921, May 19, New York, N.Y. HM 56648.
    • Day, Clarence. In Katharine Day, letters to Sonya Levien, 1925 - c. 1937, New York, N.Y. HM 55953-55956.
    • Day, Clarence. In Sonya Levien, letters to Katharine Day, 1937, Los Angeles. HM 56298-56299.
    • Day, Clarence. In two photographs, c. 1925. HM 56699-56700.
    • De Mille, Cecil B. (Cecil Blount). In Producers Distributing Corporation, letter to Carl Hovey, 1926, May 18, New York, N.Y. HM 56527.
    • Dionne quintuplets. In Allan Roy Dafoe, letters to Sonya Levien, 1936-1938, Collander, Ontario. HM 55879-55881.
    • Drawing. In Clarence Day, poem re: Campbell's Soup Ad, c. 1918. HM 55888.
    • Drawing. In Clarence Day, letters to Carl Hovey, 1917 - c. 1925, New York, N.Y. HM 55891-55892, 55894-55895, 55897-55898, 55900-55904, 55906, 55908.
    • Drawing. In Clarence Day, letters to Sonya Levien, 1915 - pre-1936, New York City, N.Y. HM 55910-55911, 55913-55914, 55917, 55919, 55921, 55924-55925, 55929, 55933-55936, 55943, 55950-55951.
    • Drawing. In Angna Enters, drawings, 1950-1959. HM 55965-55967.
    • Drawing. In Ira Gershwin, letter to Sonya Levien, c. 1935, Jan. 1. HM 56000.
    • Drawing. In Art Young, letter to Sonya Levien, 1916. HM 56673.
    • Edmonds, Walter Dumaux. In Charles Townsend Copeland, letter to Carl Hovey, 1937, Feb. 12, Cambridge, Mass. HM 55867.
    • Elliot, Maxine. In one photograph, c. 1914 (?). HM 56701.
    • Ellis, Havelock. In one photograph, 1913, London. HM 56702.
    • Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott). In Carl Hovey, letter to Arthur Mizener, 1951, Feb. 2, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56099.
    • Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott). In Arthur Mizener, letter to Carl Hovey, 1951, Feb. 10, Northfield, Minn. HM 56476.
    • Fitzgerald, Susan Walker. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56762.
    • Fitzgerald, Zelda. In Arthur Mizener, letter to Carl Hovey, 1951, Feb. 10, Northfield, Minn. HM 56476.
    • Fox, Mrs. Dacre. In two photographs, c. 1914(?). HM 56763. On post cards.
    • Garbo, Greta. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letter to Carl Hovey and Sonya Levien, 1939, Feb. 13, London. HM 56184.
    • Gershwin, George. In Ira Gershwin, letter to Carl Hovey and Sonya Levien, 1932, July 19, New York, N.Y. HM 56001.
    • Gershwin, George. In one photograph, 1930, Dec. 17. HM 56703. With autograph inscription to Sonya Levien.
    • Gershwin, George. In one photograph with Sonya Levien, Ira Gershwin, and Guy Bolton, c. 1930. HM 56736.
    • Gershwin, Ira. In one photograph, 1930, Dec. 17. HM 56703. With autograph inscription to Sonya Levien.
    • Gershwin, Ira. In one photograph with Sonya Levien, George Gershwin, and Guy Bolton, c. 1930. HM 56736.
    • Glass, Montague. In Mary Caroline Glass, letter to Carl Hovey, 1934, Westport, Conn. HM 56005.
    • Harper, Ida Husted. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56764.
    • Harwood, Harold Marsh. In Joanne Colenbrander and May King, letter to Sonya Levien, 1959, Apr. 7, London. HM 55856.
    • Hay, Mary Garrett. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56765.
    • Helburn, Theresa. In one photograph, 1961. HM 56704. With autograph inscription to Sonya Levien.
    • Hovey, Carl. In one photograph by Gerdts (?), pre-1957. HM 56705.
    • Hovey, Carl. In one photograph with Bertrand Russell, Mrs. Bertrand Russell, and Sonya Levien, 1939. HM 56742.
    • Hovey, Serge. In two photographs with Sonya Levien and unidentified woman, c. 1925. HM 56734-56735.
    • Howe, Marie Jenney. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56766.
    • International relief--Soviet Union. In Leon Green, letter to Sonya Levien, 1922, Feb. 16, Chicago. HM 56021.
    • Janis, Elsie. In one photograph, c. 1914 (?). HM 56706. Signed.
    • Jeffers, Robinson. In Sonya Levien, letter to Mabel Dodge Luhan, 1933, Mar. 24, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56316.
    • Jeffers, Una. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Carl Hovey, c. 1939, Nov. 6, Taos, N.M. HM 56374.
    • Jones, Jennifer. In Bunny Bruce, letter to Sonya Levien, 1956, Aug. 4, London. HM 55846.
    • King, Henry. In two photographs with Sonya Levien, Will Rogers, and Winfield Sheehan, 1930, Lake Tahoe, Calif. HM 56738-56739. Taken on location of Lightnin'.
    • La Follette, Fola. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56767.
    • Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton). In one photograph, c. 1900(?). HM 56768.
    • Lanza, Mario. In one photograph with Sonya Levien, and four unidentified men, c. 1951. HM 56744.
    • Lathrop, Julia Clifford. In one photograph, c. 1888(?). HM 56769.
    • Lawrence, D.H. (David Herbert). In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Carl Hovey, c. 1937, Taos, N.M. HM 56354.
    • Lawrence, D.H. (David Herbert). In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Carl Hovey, c. 1939, Taos, N.M. HM 56361.
    • Lawrence, D.H. (David Herbert). In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Carl Hovey, 1939, Taos, N.M. HM 56373.
    • Levant, Oscar. In Mrs. A. Levant, letter to Sonya Levien, 1931. Apr. 24, Pittsburgh. HM 56269.
    • Levant, Oscar. In Sonya Levien, letter to Leopold Stokowski, c. 1937. HM 56338.
    • Levien, Sonya. In 27 photographs, c. 1900 - pre-1961. HM 56707-56733.
    • Levien, Sonya. In two photographs with Serge Hovey and unidentified woman, c. 1925. HM 56734-56735.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin and Guy Bolton, c. 1930. HM 56736.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with Will Rogers, 1930, Lake Tahoe. HM 56737. Taken on location of Lightnin'.
    • Levien, Sonya. In two photographs with Will Rogers, Winifield Sheehan, and Henry King, 1930, Lake Tahoe, Calif. HM 56738-56739. Taken on location of Lightnin'.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with Dorothy Arzner, 1934. HM 56740.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with Allan Roy Dafoe and others, 1936. HM 56741.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with Bertrand Russell, Mrs. Bertrand Russell, and Carl Hovey, c. 1939. HM 56742.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with Thomas Mann, Katja Mann, and Peter Lorre, c. 1940. HM 56743.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with Mario Lanza, and four unidentified men, c. 1951. HM 56744.
    • Levien, Sonya. In two photographs with three unidentified men, 1952. HM 56745.
    • Presentation of Christopher Award for Quo Vadis.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with unidentified man, 1952, Sep. HM 56746.
    • Presentation of Boxoffice Blue Ribbon Award for The Merry Widow.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with Ivan Moffat and Gottfried Reinhardt, 1955, Apr. HM 56747. Taken on board RMS Queen Elizabeth.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph with William Ludwig and unidentified man, 1956. HM 56748. Taken on evening of 1955 Academy Awards.
    • Levien, Sonya. In one photograph of New York University Law School, Class of 1909, 1908, Feb. 15. HM 56750.
    • Levien, Sonya. In three photographs with New York University Law School, c. 1908. HM 56751-56753.
    • Lewis, Sinclair. In Philip Allan Friedman, letters to Sonya Levien, 1953-1957, Detroit. HM 55988-55990.
    • Lewis, Sinclair. In Sonya Levien, letters to Philip Allan Friedman, 1953, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56302-56303.
    • Lorre, Peter. In one photograph with Thomas Mann, Katja Mann, and Sonya Levien, c. 1940. HM 56743.
    • Ludwig, William. In one photograph with Sonya Levien and unidentified man, 1956. HM 56748. Taken on evening of 1955 Academy Awards.
    • Luhan, Mabel Dodge. In Robinson Jeffers, letter to Carl Hovey, 1935, Apr. 23, Carmel, Calif. HM 56129.
    • Luhan, Mabel Dodge. In one photograph, c. 1939 (?), Taos, N.M. HM 56749. Autograph inscription to Sonya Levien.
    • Mann, Katja. In one photograph with Peter Lorre, Sonya Levien, and Thomas Mann, c. 1940. HM 56743.
    • Mann, Thomas. In one photograph with Peter Lorre, Sonya Levien, and Katja Mann, c. 1940. HM 56743.
    • Marx, Harpo. In Leopold Stokowski, letter to Sonya Levien, 1937, Mar. 23, Philadelphia. HM 56598.
    • Milholland, Inez. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56770. Mills, Harriet May. In one photograph, c. 1914(?). HM 56771.
    • Moffat, Ivan. In one photograph with Sonya Levien and Gottfried Reinhardt, 1955, Apr. HM 56747. Taken on board RMS Queen Elizabeth.
    • New York University Law School. In one photograph, 1908, Feb. 15. HM 56750.
    • Pankhurst, E. Sylvia (Estelle Sylvia). In one photograph, c. 1914, London. HM 56772.
    • Pasternak, Joe. In Sonya Levien, "The Great Caruso": talk given to organization, Books and Authors, 1952. HM 56278.
    • Perkins, Frances. In Carl Hovey, letter to Time, 1944, Dec. 24, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56101.
    • Perkins, Frances. In F. Jay, telegram to Sonya Levien, 1941, Jan. 5, New York, N.Y. HM 56127.
    • Pershing, John J. (John Joseph). In letter to Carl Hovey, 1916, Mar. 18, Camaguey, Cuba. HM 56640.
    • Pollack, Robert. In one photograph, 1936, Tokyo. HM 56755. With autograph inscription to Sonya Levien.
    • Race relations. In Florence Willert, letter to Sonya Levien, 1943, Aug. 24, Oxford, Eng. HM 56653.
    • Reed, John. In Barbara Gelb, letter to Sonya Levien, 1957, Aug. 6, New York, N.Y. HM 55994.
    • Reed, John. In Carl Hovey, letter to Sonya Levien, pre-1957, Aug. 6, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56097.
    • Reed, John. In Carl Hovey, letter to Frances Perkins, c. 1946, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56100.
    • Reed, John. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Carl Hovey, c. 1939, Taos, N.M. HM 56367.
    • Reed, John. In H.J. Whigham, letter to Carl Hovey, 1916, Mar. 18, Camaguey, Cuba. HM 56640.
    • Reinhardt, Gottfried. In one photograph with Sonya Levien and Ivan Moffat, 1955, Apr. HM 56747. Taken on board RMS Queen Elizabeth.
    • Roche, Josephine A. (Josephine Aspinwall). In Sonya Levien, letter to John Collier, 1913, Nov. 22, New York. HM 56293.
    • Rogers, Will. In Julian Street, letter to Sonya Levien, 1933, Feb. 12, Palos Verdes Estates, Calif. HM 56604.
    • Rogers, Will. In one photograph with Sonya Levien, 1930, Lake Tahoe, Calif. HM 56737. Taken on location of Lightnin'.
    • Rogers, Will. In two photographs with Sonya Levien, Winfield Sheehan, and Henry King, 1930, Lake Tahoe, Calif. HM 56738-56739. Taken on location of Lightnin'.
    • Rogers, Will. In one photograph, 1929, June 11. HM 56756. With autograph inscription to Sonya Levien.
    • Roosevelt, Elliott. In Carl Hovey, letter to Frances Perkins, c. 1946, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56100.
    • Roosevelt, Franklin D. In Carl Hovey, letter to Frances Perkins, c. 1946, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56100.
    • Roosevelt, Franklin D. In Frances Perkins, letter to Carl Hovey, 1945, Jan. 2, Washington, D.C. HM 56505.
    • Roosevelt, Theodore. In Carl Hovey, letter to Sonya Levien, pre-1957, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56097.
    • Roosevelt, Theodore. In H. J. Whigham, letters to Carl Hovey, 1916 - c. 1918, Camaguey, Cuba and New York, N.Y. HM 56639 and 56641.
    • Roosevelt, Theodore. In Photograph, c. 1904. HM 74388.
    • Russell, Bertrand. In one photograph with Mrs. Bertrand Russell, Carl Hovey, and Sonya Levien, c. 1939. HM 56742.
    • Russell, Bertrand Mrs. In one photograph with Bertrand Russell, Carl Hovey, and Sonya Levien, c. 1939. HM 56742.
    • Shaw, Anna Howard. In one photograph, 1917(?). HM 56773. Shaw, Anna Howard. In one photograph, 1917, Feb. 14. HM 56774.
    • Sheehan, Winfield. In two photographs with Sonya Levien, Will Rogers, and Henry King, 1930, Lake Tahoe, Calif. HM 56738-56739. Taken on location of Lightnin'.
    • Spain-History-Civil War, 1936-1939. In Lorna Lindsley (?), letter to Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey, 1938, Aug. 20, Perpignan, France. HM 56347.
    • Stewart, Ella S. In one photograph, c. 1914. HM 56775.
    • Stokes, Rose Pastor. In Emma Goldman, letter to "Friend", 1925, Nov. 6, London. HM 56011.
    • Stokowski, Leopold. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey, 1938, Jan. 1, Taos, N.M. HM 56449.
    • Suffragists. In 25 photographs, c. 1911(?) - 1914, London and Chicago. HM 56757-56781.
    • Suffragists-Great Britain. In Mary D. Home, letters to Sonya Levien, 1913-1915, London. HM 56081-56084.
    • Suffragists-Great Britain. In Sonya Levien, "Christobel Pankhurst": essay, 1913. HM 56277.
    • Suffragists-Great Britain. In Sonya Levien, "In the Militant Camp": essay, 1913. HM 56280.
    • Suffragists-Great Britain. In Sonya Levien, "Militancies in England": essay, 1913. HM 56282.
    • Suffragists-Great Britain. In Sonya Levien, letter to Alice Stone Blackwell, 1913, May 19. HM 56289.
    • Suffragists-Great Britain. In photograph of Victor Alexander George Robert Bulwer- Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, c. 1914. HM 56754.
    • Suffragists-U.S. In Alice Stone Blackwell, letter to "Friend", 1912, Dorchester, Mass. HM 55819.
    • Suffragists-U.S. In Alice Stone Blackwell, letter to Sonya Levien, 1912, June 2, Boston. HM 55820.
    • Suffragists-U.S. In H.B. (Harriet Burton) Laidlaw, letter to Sonya Levien, 1913, Port Washington. HM 56261.
    • Suffragists-U.S. In Sonya Levien, "Suffrage Propaganda": essay, c. 1913. HM 56284.
    • Terry, Olive. In one photograph, c. 1914 (?). HM 56776. On post card, signed.
    • Trout, Grace Wilbur. In one photograph, c. 1914(?), Chicago. HM 56777.
    • Villa, Pancho. In H.J. Whigham, letter to Carl Hovey, 1916, Mar. 18, Camaguey, Cuba. HM 56640.
    • Villard, Fanny Garrison. In one photograph, c. 1914. HM 56778.
    • Waters, Frank. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Carl Hovey, 1939, Oct. 27, Taos, N.M. HM 56373.
    • Waters, Frank. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letters to Sonya Levien, c. 1941, Taos, N.M. HM 56436-56437.
    • Waters, Frank. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letters to Sonya Levien, 1942, Taos, N.M. HM 56442-56443.
    • Wells, H.G. (Herbert George). In Sasha Kropotkin (?), letter to Sonya Levien, 1934, May 20, New York, N.Y. HM 56260.
    • Wilder, Thornton. In Mabel Dodge Luhan, letter to Sonya Levien, c. 1939, New York, N.Y. HM 56417.
    • Woollcott, Alexander. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letters to Sonya Levien, 1943, Feb. 2, Prestbury, Cheshire, Eng. HM 56168-56169.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In Harold Marsh Harwood, letters to S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, 1939 - pre-1941, London. HM 56038-56061.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In Harold Marsh Harwood, letter to Time and Tide, 1940, Mar. 9, London. HM 56066.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In Carl Hovey, letter to F.Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, 1941, June 10, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56095.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letters to S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, 1940-1941, Prestbury, Cheshire, Eng. HM 56135-56136, 56138, 56140.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letter to Carl Hovey, 1945, June 4, Prestbury, Cheshire, Eng. HM 56151.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse and Harold Marsh Harwood, letters to Grace Burke Hubble, 1940-1944, Prestbury, Cheshire, Eng. HM 56155-56159.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letter to Grace Burke Hubble, et al., 1939, Sep. 12, London. HM 56160.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letter to Sonya Levien, 1940, Apr. 15. HM 56165.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letter to Carl Hovey and Sonya Levien, 1939, Feb. 13, London. HM 56184.
    • World War, 1939-1945. In F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, letters to Sonya Levien, et al., 1939-1943, London. HM 56193-56229.
    • Akins, Zoë. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, A Woman of My Own: script, 1946, Jan.16. HM 55783.
    • Balderston, John L. (John Lloyd). Addressee for F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, 1954, Mar. 4, London. HM 56133.
    • Balderston, John L. (John Lloyd). Addressee for F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, 1939-1943, London. HM 56194-56229.
    • Balderston, Marion. Addressee for F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, 1939- 1943, London. HM 56194-56229.
    • Behrman, S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel). Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, As Husbands Go: script, 1933. HM 55684.
    • Behrman, S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel). Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, The Brat: script, 1931. HM 55697.
    • Burke, Edwin. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Bad Girl: script: continuity and dialogue, 1931, May 4. HM 55685.
    • Capra, Frank. Writer with Lucille Capra, telegram to Sonya Levien, 1956, June 27, Los Angeles. HM 55848.
    • Cummings, Jack. Writer with Betty Cummings, telegram to Sonya Levien, 1956, June 28, Culver City, Calif. HM 55878.
    • Frantz, Dalin. Writer with Martha Dalin, letter to Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey, 1933, Jan. 9, Ann Arbor, Mich. HM 55986.
    • Gleason, James. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, The World is Ours: script, 1934, Feb. 20. HM 55784.
    • Harris, Eleanor. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Kidnapped: script, 1937, July 14. HM 55734.
    • Harwood, Harold Marsh. Addressee for Carl Hovey, 1952, Oct. 15, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56096.
    • Hatfield, Dalzell. Writer with Ruth Hatfield, telegram to Sonya Levien, 1956, June 27, Los Angeles. HM 56067.
    • Hellman, Sam. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, The Proud Princess: script. HM 55750.
    • Hovey, Tamara. Addressee for Leopold Stokowski, 1938, Dec. 27, Beverly Hills, Calif. HM 56596.
    • Hovey, Tamara. Addressee for Florence Willert, 1945, Mar. 12, Oxford, Oxon., Eng. HM 56660.
    • Hubble, Edwin Powell. Addressee for F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, 1939- 1943, London. HM 56193-56229.
    • Hubble, Grace Burke. Addressee for F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson) Jesse, 1939- 1943, London. HM 56193-56229.
    • Jones, Walter Raymond. Writer with Adelyn Jones, letter to Sonya Levien, 1932, Dec. 30, San Francisco. HM 56243.
    • Josephson, Julien. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, His Country: script, 1927, Nov. 22. HM 55795.
    • King, May. Writer with Joanne Colenbrander, letter to Sonya Levien, 1959, Apr. 7, London. HM 55856.
    • Lasky, Bessie. Writer with Jesse L. Lasky, letter to Sonya Levien, 1956, July 1, Los Angeles. HM 56263.
    • Lester, Elliott. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Playmates: script, 1929, Dec. 11. HM 55747.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Lamar Trotti, Chicago: script, 1937, May 13. HM 55701.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with John Colton, The Exciters: script, 1923. HM 55709.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Richard Sherman, Falling Star: 1937, Dec. 28. HM 55710.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Richard Sherman and Wallace Sullivan, Four Men and a Prayer: script, 1936, Nov. 30. HM 55712.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with William Ludwig, The Gay Girls, 1953, Sep. 3. HM 55715.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Ralph Spence, Green Dice: script, 1933. HM 55718.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Robert Ardrey, The Green Years, 1945, Mar. 28. HM 55720-55721.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with William Ludwig, Interrupted Melody: script, 1952- 1954. HM 55727-55729.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Mann Rubin, Joseph and His Brethren: script, 1958, Feb. 13. HM 55733.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, Lady and the Cowboy: script, 1938, Aug. 2. HM 55735.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, Lightnin'. 1930. HM 55737.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Samuel Hoffenstein, Marie Galante: script, 1934. HM 55740.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, Quo Vadis: script, 1948, Aug. 31. HM 55752.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm: script, 1932. HM 55758.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Robert Thomsen, The Running of the Tide: script, 1949. HM 55764-55765.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with William Ludwig, The Student Prince: script, 1952, July 18. HM 55771.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, Surrender: script, 1931. HM 55772.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with John Farrow, The Sword and the Cross: script, 1959, Sep. 28. HM 55773.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with S.N.(Samuel Nathaniel) Behrman, Tess of the Storm Country: script, 1932. HM 55774.
    • Levien, Sonya. Screenwriter with Ralph Spence, There's Always Tomorrow: script. HM 55776.
    • Ludwig, William. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Hit the Deck: script, 1954. HM 55723-55724.
    • Ludwig, William. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, The Life of Caruso: script, 1950, July 3. HM 55736.
    • Ludwig, William. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, The Merry Widow: script, 1951. HM 55742-55743.
    • Ludwig, William. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Oklahoma!: script, 1953-1954. HM 55744-55746.
    • Ludwig, William. Addressee for Dore Schary, 1951, Feb. 9, Culver City, Calif. HM 56562.
    • Meehan, John. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Valley of Decision: script, 1944, Sep. 15. HM 55780.
    • Moffat, Ivan. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Bhowani Junction: script, 1935, Feb. 1. HM 55692-55694.
    • Nielsen, Kay. Writer with Ulla Nielsen, telegram to Sonya Levien, 1956, June 27, Pasadena, Calif. HM 56490.
    • O'Hara, Belle. Writer with John O'Hara, telegram and letter to Sonya Levien, 1956- 1957, Princeton, N.J. HM 56497-56498.
    • Pascal, Ernest. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, The White Parade: script, 1934. HM 55782.
    • Richman, Arthur. Screenwriter with Ernest Pascal, Here's to Romance: script, 1935, May 23. HM 55722.
    • Schoenberg, Gertrud. Writer with Arnold Schoenberg, letter to Sonya Levien and Carl Hovey, 1947, Jan. 5, Los Angeles. HM 56568.
    • Silvernail, Charlie. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Behind That Curtain: script, 1929. HM 55688.
    • Sullivan, Wallace. Screenwriter with Richard Sherman and Sonya Levien, Four Men and a Prayer: script, 1936, Nov. 30. HM 55712.
    • Toler, Sidney. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, The Footloose Widow: script. HM 55711.
    • Trotti, Lamar. Writer with Sonya Levien, The Siege of Alcazar: original story, 1936, Nov. HM 55768.
    • Wurtzel, Lillian. Screenwriter with Sonya Levien, Beauty's Daughter: script: third draft, 1935, June 18. HM 55686.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

    Subjects

    Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950.
    Davis, Richard Harding, 1864-1916.
    Day, Clarence, 1874-1935.
    Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940.
    Fitzgerald, Zelda, 1900-1948.
    Gershwin, George, 1898-1937.
    Gershwin, Ira, 1896-1983.
    Hovey, Carl, b. 1875.
    Levant, Oscar, 1906-1972.
    Levien, Sonya, 1888?-1960.
    Pankhurst, E. Sylvia (Estelle Sylvia), 1882-1960.
    Reed, John, 1887-1920.
    Rogers, Will, 1879-1935.
    Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919.
    Antisemitism.
    International relief -- Soviet Union.
    Race relations.
    Suffragists -- Great Britain.
    Suffragists -- United States.
    World War, 1939-1945.
    Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939.

    Forms/Genres

    Awards -- United States -- 20th century.
    Drawings -- United States -- 20th century.
    Ephemera -- United States -- 20th century.
    Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 20th century.
    Manuscripts -- United States -- 20th century.
    Photographs -- United States -- 20th century.
    Screenplays -- United States -- 20th century.
    Videocasettes -- United States -- 20th century.

    Additional Contributors

    Akins, Zoë, 1886-1958.
    Balderston, John L. (John Lloyd), 1889-1954.
    Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950.
    Collier, John, 1884-1968.
    Copeland, Charles Townsend, 1860-1952.
    Davis, Richard Harding, 1864-1916.
    Day, Clarence, 1874-1935.
    Ellis, Havelock, 1859-1939.
    Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940.
    Gershwin, George, 1898-1937.
    Gershwin, Ira, 1896-1983.
    Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940.
    Hagedorn, Hermann, 1882-1964.
    Harwood, Harold Marsh, 1874-1959.
    Hovey, Carl, b. 1875.
    Hurst, Fannie, 1889-1968.
    Jesse, F. Tennyson (Fryniwyd Tennyson), 1888-1958.
    Levant, Oscar, 1906-1972.
    Ludwig, William, 1912-1999.
    Luhan, Mabel Dodge, 1879-1962.
    O'Hara, John, 1905-1970.
    Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965.
    Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919.
    Schary, Dore.
    Stokes, Rose Pastor, 1879-1933.
    Stokowski, Leopold, 1882-1977.
    Tarkington, Booth, 1869-1946.
    Zanuck, Darryl Francis, 1902-1979.
    English review.
    New Yorker.