Register of the Comitetul National Roman Records, 1945-1975

Processed by Laura Cosovanu; machine-readable finding aid created by Xiuzhi Zhou
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 1999
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Comitetul National Roman Records, 1945-1975

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Processed by:
Laura Cosovanu
Date Completed:
1998
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1999 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Comitetul National Roman Records,
Date (inclusive): 1945-1975
Collection number: 76104
Creator: Comitetul National Roman
Collection Size: 27 manuscript boxes (11.2 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, minutes of meetings, reports, financial records, printed matter, press releases, speeches, and writings, relating to communism in Romania, anti-communist emigre activities, the Assembly of Captive European Nations, the National Committee for a Free Europe, and the Free Europe Committee.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language: Romanian and English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Comitetul National Roman Records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Access Points

Free Europe Committee
National Committee for a Free Europe
Anti-communist movements --United States
Civil rights --Europe, Eastern
Civil rights --Romania
Communism
Romanians in foreign countries
Europe, Eastern
Romania
Romania --Foreign relations --United States
Romania --Social conditions
United States
United States --Foreign relations --Romania
ACEN (Organization)

Historical Note

Comitetul National Roman (Romanian National Committee) was the name given to the post-World War II Romanian democratic government-in-exile.
It was organized in Washington by General Nicolae Radescu, the last constitutional premier of Romania, under the patronage of Michael, King of Romania. The CNR was also one of the nine organizations that comprised the Assembly of Captive European Nations.
It initially consisted of ten members, representing the three main Romanian democratic parties of the inter-war period: the National Peasant Party, the Liberal Party, and the Independent Socialist Party. Besides General Radescu, the other founding members were: Cornel Bianu (Extraordinary Envoy of Iuliu Maniu to London during World War II), Nicolae Caranfil (former Minister of Aviation), Alexandre Cretzianu (former Romanian Minister in Ankara and initiator of secret negotiations with the Allies in Cairo in 1944), Mihail Farcasanu (President of the Romanian Liberal Youth Organization), Grigore Gafencu (former Foreign Minister), Grigore Niculescu Buzesti (former Foreign Minister), Augustin Popa (former member of the Romanian Parliament), Constantin Visoianu (former Foreign Minister, appointed at Titulescu's recommendation as a member of the General Secretariat of the League of Nations in Geneva, ex-Minister to the Hague and Warsaw, ex-foreign policy Counselor of Iuliu Maniu, participant in the secret negotiations with the Allies in Cairo in 1944), Iancu Zissu (member of the Independent Socialist Party).
According to its by-laws, "the purpose of the National Romanian Committee is: a) to represent the Romanian nation and defend its interests until the national liberation; b) to lead through every possible means an action to liberate Romania and to reestablish there a democratic form of government; c) to coordinate and support the welfare of all Romanian refugees; d) to direct the cooperation of Romanians abroad to arrive at the fulfillment of their purposes."
Mainly because of inner conflicts over the administration of the controversial fund whose custodian Cretzianu was, and because of the alleged subsidizing of Radescu by the former Romanian industrialist Malaxa, four of the members (Radescu, Gafencu, Farcasanu, and Caranfil) resigned in the summer of 1950. Constantin Visoianu became the new president of the Committee. Among the new members who occupied the places vacated were: George Assan, Alexandre Bunescu, Dumitru Ciotori, Anton Crihan, Sabin Manuila, Mihai Rautu.
Within the committee, each member had specific political functions. Thus, C. Visoianu and G. Gafencu were responsible for relations with the US Department of State, the UN, foreign ambassadors, and the other Eastern European National Committees. A. Popa was responsible for the propaganda and the editing of the CNR publications. M. Farcasanu was responsible for the collaboration with all radio stations broadcasting in Romanian and with the National Committee for Free Europe, as well as for all the questions pertaining to the Romanian Orthodox Church. A. Cretzianu's activity focused on the bi-monthly bulletin for King Michael and the coordination of CNR representatives abroad, while N. Caranfil was responsible for the legal and material assistance to refugees.
The representatives of the CNR abroad were Virgil Veniamin (Paris), Vladimir Ionescu, former general consul in Florence (Rome), Aurel Decei, former Press Attaché in Turkey (Istanbul), Radu Cutzarida, former Chargé d'Affaires in Argentina and former Director of the Treaties Department in the Foreign Office (Buenos Aires), Grigore Constantinescu, former Minister Counselor in the UK (London), Traian Galin, former General Consul of Romania in Lwow, Hamburg, and Bern (Bonn), Radu Arion, former Chargé d'Affaires in Greece (Athens), Gr. Cugler (Lima), M. Giuroiu (Stockholm), Ed. Ressel (Rio de Janeiro), G. Anastasiu (Geneva), Al. Totescu (Lisbon). All members and representatives were appointed by King Michael.
In time, the CNR gathered data and wrote reports for both US and international officials about the political, economic, and social conditions in the Popular Republic of Romania, and published its findings in two newsletters (Romania and La Nation Roumaine). The Committee's members also lobbied for sanctions against the Communist authorities' infringements of human rights, participated in the meetings of the Council of Europe and the United Nations within the Assembly of Captive European Nations, organized conferences, gave speeches and interviews, and wrote newspaper articles on Romania.
Little by little the Committee started to decrease in importance. Its main sponsor, the National Committee for a Free Europe (also the sponsoring organization of the Assembly of Captive European Nations and Radio Free Europe) reduced its funding starting in the middle 1960s, because of the new American "building bridges" policy towards Eastern Europe (see also Brutus Coste's papers in the Hoover Archives). At the beginning of the 1970s, a major scandal, which revealed that the National Committee for a Free Europe was in fact a C.I.A.-sponsored organization (see Box 9/folder 1), led to further cuts in the C.N.R. budget. By 1972, the Committee lacked any external financial support. Besides funding concerns, serious communication problems with the Royal House (see Box 9/folders 4-5) led to the dissolution of the National Committee.

Scope and Content Note

The records of the Comitetul National Roman cover mainly the years 1949-1975, from its inception until its dissolution.
Of main importance is the correspondence with Michael, King of Romania, through the King's private secretary, General Petre-Lazar (for a more indepth view on Lazar's role in this affair, see Jacques Vergotti's papers in the Hoover Archives, Box 1/folders 8-9).
Of special interest are the materials related to the Romanian University Institute ("Royal Foundation Carol I"). The institute was founded in 1949 by the CNR, at the initiative of Michael, King of Romania, and included Monica Lovinescu, Virgil Ierunca and Virgil Veniamin among its members. It started operating on January 1, 1951, aiming to promote Romanian culture through magazines, conferences, lectures, and scholarships. The sponsors were mainly the King, Alexandre Cretzianu, and the CNR. The funds of the last two were nevertheless very disputable. Cretzianu was in fact a custodian named by the last democratic Romanian government for a six million Swiss francs account designated for émigrés affairs, who stopped financing the Foundation around 1975. On the other hand, the CNR's funds were provided by the Free Europe Committee, which also ceased its financial help at the beginning of 1970s. Thus, in 1974, the Foundation concluded its works and its archives were moved to the basement of the Romanian Orthodox Church in Paris.

Series Description

Boxes 1-5

OFFICE FILE, 1948-1975.

Scope and Content Note

Addresses, by-laws, circulars, conference proceedings, essays, memoranda, president's files, proceedings, radio broadcasts, reports, statements, and printed matter, relating to activities of the Comitetul National Roman, arranged alphabetically by physical form
Boxes 6-10

CORRESPONDENCE, 1945-1975.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent
Boxes 11-13

SUBJECT FILE, 1934-1975.

Scope and Content Note

By-laws, correspondence, declarations, lectures, notes, radio broadcast transcripts, reports, statements, studies, clippings and other printed matter, related mainly to the Romanian University Institute "Carol I," arranged alphabetically by subject
Boxes 14-26

CNR REPRESENTATIVES ABROAD, 1951-1972.

Scope and Content Note

Consists mainly of correspondence with Constantin Visoianu, arranged alphabetically by name of country
Box 27

PHOTOGRAPHS, 1958-1964.

Scope and Content Note

30 prints depicting mainly Constantin Visoianu, Romanians in foreign countries, and members of the Hohenzollern family

Container List

 

OFFICE FILE, 1948-1975

Box 1., Folder 1

Accounts of miscellaneous activities of the CNR, 1949

Folder 2

Addresses, 1949-1960

Folder 3

Book review, 1956

Folder 4-5

Bulletins. Issues of Buletin Informativ, nos. 1-24, 1950-1951

Folder 6

By-laws and other founding papers, 1949-1950

 

Circulars

Box 2., Folder 1

General, 1955-1961

Folder 2

Between Alexandre Cretzianu, Grigore Niculescu-Buzesti, Naum Ionescu and Nicolae Radescu, 1949-1950

Folder 3

Communiqué, 1955

Folder 4

Conference proceeding, n.d.

Folder 5

Declarations, 1959-1967

Folder 6

Essays on the 23rd of August events, 1954

Folder 7

Interview on agricultural topics with engineer A. Flegon, 1956

Folder 8

Letters to the editors of various newspapers, 1951-1963

 

Member file

Folder 9

Biographies, 1964

Folder 10

Papers of Sabin Manuila, 1957-1962

Folder 11-13

Memoranda, 1948-1962

Folder 14

Note, n.d.

Folder 15

Pamphlet, 1951

Folder 16-20

President's file (Constantin Visoianu), 1964-1971

Box 3., Folder 1

Radio broadcast transcripts, 1955-1963

 

Reports

 

General

Folder 2

1949-1950

Folder 3

1950-1951

Folder 4

1951-1953

Folder 5

1955

Folder 6

1956

Box 4., Folder 1

1957-1958

Folder 2

1959

Folder 3

1960-1965

Folder 4

1965-1975

Folder 5

For the Free Europe Committee, 1956-1961

Box 5., Folder 1

For the Free Europe Committee

Folder 2-7

On Romania, 1948-1965

Folder 8

On miscellaneous topics, 1961-1971

Folder 9

Statements, 1955-1962

 

CORRESPONDENCE, 1945-1975.

Additional Note

See also SUBJECT FILE/ Deportations -Romania; Romanians in foreign countries; Romanian University Institute "Carol I"; CNR REPRESENTATIVES ABROAD
 

General

Box 6., Folder 1

A-B

Folder 2

C-G

Folder 3

H-M

Folder 4

N-S

Folder 5

V-Z

Folder 6-7

Unidentified, 1959-1971

Folder 8

Agha Khan, Sadruin, 1971

Folder 9

Campbell, John, 1950

Folder 10

Council of Europe, 1955-1964

Folder 11

Eisenhower, Dwight, 1953-1954

Folder 12

Great Britain. Foreign Office, 1951

Folder 13

Ileana, Princess of Romania, 1961

Folder 14

Iuliu Maniu Foundation, 1959

Folder 15

Jackson, Henry, 1973-1974

Folder 16

Johnson, L. B., 1964

Folder 17

Kennedy, John F., 1962

Folder 18

Lithuania. Consulate General (New York), 1957

Folder 19

Meany, George, 1955

 

Michael, King of Romania

Folder 20-21

1945-1949

Box 7., Folder 1-7

1950-1955

Box 8., Folder 1-4

1956-1959

Folder 5-7

1960-1965

Box 9., Folder 1-2

1966-1969

Folder 3-5

1970-1975

Folder 6

Mid-European Studies Center, 1956

Folder 7-9

National Committee for a Free Europe, 1949-1956

Folder 10

Nixon, Richard, 1969

Folder 11

Radio Free Europe, 1955-1961

Folder 12

Ratiu, Ion, 1960

Folder 13

Rugina, Anghel, 1961-1969

Folder 14

Sporea, Constantin, 1957

Folder 15

Truman, Harry, 1950-1952

 

United Nations

Box 10., Folder 1

General Assembly, 1950

Folder 2-3

"Representatives of the Free Nations," 1950-1952

Folder 4-5

United States. Congress, 1957-1971

Folder 6-9

Unites States. Department of State, 1949-1971

 

SUBJECT FILE, 1934-1975.

Additional Note

By-laws, correspondence, declarations, lectures, notes, radio broadcast transcripts, reports, statements, studies, clippings and other printed matter, relating mainly to the Romanian University Institute "Carol I," arranged alphabetically by subject
Box 11., Folder 1-2

Assembly of Captive European Nations

Folder 3

Carol II, King of Romania

Folder 4

Congress of Romanian Intellectuals, Paris, 1959

Folder 5

Deportations - Romania. Includes CNR correspondence regarding deportations in Romania, 1952

Folder 6

Giurascu, Constantin C.

Folder 7

Iorga, Nicolae

Folder 8

Michael, King of Romania

Folder 9

Pro Bassarabia and Bucovina

Folder 10

Ratiu, Ion

 

Refugees

Folder 11

General

Folder 12

Bassarabia

Folder 13

Romania

 

Romania

Folder 14

Economic conditions

Folder 15

Law- 1918-1944

Folder 16

Politics and government- 1944-1989

Folder 17

Romanian literature. Includes fragments of writings by an anonymous communist political censor

 

Romanian University Institute "Carol I"

 

General. Correspondence with the CNR and with Michael, King of Romania, and reports

Folder 18-19

1950

Folder 20-21

1951

Box 12., Folder 1

1955

Folder 2

1956

Folder 3-4

1957

Folder 5

1958

Folder 6

1959

Folder 7

1960

Folder 8

1961

Folder 9

1962

Folder 10-11

1963

Folder 12-13

1964

Box 13., Folder 1

1965

Folder 2

1966

Folder 3

1967

Folder 4

1968

Folder 5

1969

Folder 6

1970

Folder 7

1971

Folder 8

1973

Folder 9

1974

Folder 10

By-laws

Folder 11-12

Romanians in foreign countries. Includes CNR correspondence regarding the question of raising the Romanian Legation in the United States to the rank of Embassy, 1964-1967

Folder 13

Rugina, Anghel

Folder 14

United States. Department of State. Includes press releases concerning the CNR

Folder 15-16

Miscellany

 

CNR REPRESENTATIVES ABROAD, 1951-1972.

Additional Note

Consists mainly of correspondence with Constantin Visoianu
Box 14., Folder 1-3

General

Folder 4-8

Argentina, 1955-1971

Box 15., Folder 1-3

Argentina

Folder 4

Australia and New Zealand, 1963-1971

Folder 5-8

Brazil, 1956-1972

Box 16., Folder 1-3

Brazil

Folder 4-7

France, 1951-1972

Box 17., Folder 1-7

France

Box 18., Folder 1-7

Germany, 1956-1971

Box 19., Folder 1-5

Greece, 1956-1971

Box 20., Folder 1-6

Italy, 1956-1969

Box 21., Folder 1

Sweden, 1956-1963

Folder 2

Switzerland, 1963-1971

Folder 3

Turkey, 1955-1963

Box 22-26.

United Kingdom, 1951-1972

 

PHOTOGRAPHS, 1958-1964

Box 27., Folder 1

4 prints depicting Constantin Visoianu, president of the CNR, n.d.

Folder 2

5 prints depicting Constantin Visoianu and others, including members of the Assembly of Captive European Nations, n.d.

Folder 3

6 prints depicting members of the family of Michael, King of Romania, n.d.

Folder 4

3 prints depicting CNR representatives in Buenos Aires, 1964

Folder 5

7 prints depicting Romanians in Brazil, 1958(?)

Folder 6

3 prints depicting Romanians in Sweden, 1959

Folder 7

2 prints depicting the funeral of Paul I, King of Greece. Includes prints of Michael, King of Romania; Elena, Queen Mother; Archbishop Makarios, President of Cyprus, 1964 March 12