Guide to the Edna W. Phelps Collection

Processed by Laura Clark Brown and Lynette J. Stoudt ; machine-readable finding aid created by Lynette J. Stoudt
Special Collections and Archives
The UCI Libraries
P.O. Box 19557
University of California
Irvine, California 92623-9557
Phone: (949) 824-3947
Fax: (949) 824-2472
Email: spcoll@uci.edu
URL: http://www.lib.uci.edu/rrsc/speccoll.html
© 2001
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Note

Geographical (By Place)--California--Los Angeles Area History--California History--Los Angeles Area Arts and Humanities--Art--Photography

Guide to the Edna W. Phelps Collection

Collection number: MS-R43

Special Collections and Archives

The UCI Libraries



University of California

Irvine, California

Contact Information

  • Special Collections and Archives
  • The UCI Libraries
  • P.O. Box 19557
  • University of California
  • Irvine, California 92623-9557
  • Phone: (949) 824-3947
  • Fax: (949) 824-2472
  • Email: spcoll@uci.edu
  • URL: http://www.lib.uci.edu/rrsc/speccoll.html
Processed by:
Laura Clark Brown and Lynette J. Stoudt
Date Completed:
1997 and 1999
Encoded by:
Lynette J. Stoudt
© 2001 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Edna W. Phelps collection,
Date (inclusive): ca. 1810-1981 (bulk ca. 1880-ca. 1910)
Collection number: MS-R043
Collector: Phelps, Edna W., 1905-
Extent: 2.1 linear feet (5 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
Repository: University of California, Irvine. Library. Special Collections and Archives.
Irvine, California 92623-9557
Abstract: The Edna W. Phelps Collection contains photographs, correspondence, diaries, and family documents representing the history of at least four generations of the Phelps, Gulick, Davidson, Humiston, Gooch, Huntley, Schultz, Willson, and Turner families from 1847-1978. The bulk of the collection documents the Gulick family from ca. 1880-ca. 1920. Also included are topical files and biographical/subject research files on other various families and locations in Tustin and the vicinity from ca. 1810-1981.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Property rights reside with the University of California. Literary rights are retained by the creators of the records and their heirs. For permissions to reproduce or to publish, please contact the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred Citation

Edna W. Phelps Collection. MS-R43. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California. Date accessed.
For the benefit of current and future researchers, please cite any additional information about sources consulted in this collection, including permanent URLs, item or folder descriptions, and box/folder locations.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Edna W. Phelps in 1971, 1981, and 1984.

Processing History

Preliminary arrangement by Laura Clark Brown in 1997 included preservation photocopying and discarding of original documents (photocopies and newspaper clippings). Processed by Lynette J. Stoudt, February 1999.

Biography

Edna W. Phelps collected family photographs, correspondence, diaries, and family documents dating back four generations to her ancestors in Plainview, Illinois. She also collected materials relating to the history of Tustin and the surrounding vicinity from ca. 1810-1981.
In addition to these collecting activities, Edna Phelps edited family diaries and writings and wrote a short document, which is included in this collection, entitled, "One by One the Gulicks Came West." Edna also conducted interviews on early Southern California history with William Huntley (her distant cousin) and George Bartley, whose family settled in El Modena, California in 1882. In 1968-1969 she edited an unpublished work by Helen Gulick Huntley and William M. Huntley (distant cousins of hers) entitled "Tustin Scrapbook," which is located at the California State Library.
Aside from her fascination with family and Orange County history, little else is known about Edna Phelps. She is the great granddaughter of Martin Nickolas Gulick, who is the earliest member of her family represented in this collection.
Martin Nickolas Gulick (1815-1900) was married three times. His first marriage was in 1841 to Eleanor Welch (Edna Phelps' great grandmother) and resulted in three children: Mary Jane (Edna Phelps' grandmother), James Harvey and Eleanor Matilda. This brief marriage ended in 1848 with the death of Eleanor Welch Gulick. Family names of Edna Phelps' aunts, uncles and cousins by this marriage include: Barrett, Crouch, Davidson, Hewitt, Huntley, Munger, Page, Palmer, Reid, Ruggles, Schultz, Scovil, Thompson, Wichersham and Willson.
Martin N. Gulick's second marriage took place in 1850 to Jane Vanarsdall. They had no children, and she died in 1857.
His third marriage to Annis C. Phelps occurred in 1860 and resulted in the birth of five daughters: Sadie, Alice, Olive, Hattie and another who died in early childhood. Only two of their daughters married, and as far as the information in this collection recounts, no grandchildren survived early childhood. Annis and her daughters, who corresponded through much of the latter part of the 19th century, generated much of the Gulick correspondence in this collection, with topics ranging from descriptions of dress patterns to discussions of living conditions.
The marriage of Martin and Annis Gulick resulted in the meeting and courtship of Mary Jane Gulick (Edna Phelps' grandmother) and Louis Ransom Phelps (half-brother of Annis C. Phelps). Ultimately Mary and Louis were married, at which time Mary was disowned by her father for unknown reasons. The banished couple lived in Jerseyville, Illinois for many years with very few ties to the Gulick family. Their first born (of twelve children) was Ernest Phelps, Edna Phelps' father. Edna may have spent a portion of her childhood in Southern California, as documents in this collection indicate that her grandparents followed her parents there in 1904, settling in Pasadena. Many photographs of the Phelps family are included in this collection.
Most of the Gulick family began moving West during the railroad rate wars that prompted a boom in ca. 1880, sending many Midwesterners to California. Work opportunities and a reduced cost of living were just two of the attractions that appealed to the Gulicks. However, the most attractive aspect of the West seems to have been the weather. As Eleanor Davidson (Edna Phelps' aunt) said in early 1888 as she arrived in San Bernardino, California, by train from Illinois, "I could hardly believe we were in the land of summer till the girls went out and seen flowers and oranges in abundance and it was so warm."
Many of the Gulicks settled in Orange County and the surrounding vicinity. Their occupations included orchard fumigation, walnut production, and preaching. One cousin was known as the jack-of-all-trades, moving his family around as work became available in various cities.
By the 1920s, the point at which the bulk of the material in this collection ends, a network of Edna Phelps' relatives, all descendents of the Gulicks, were well established in many areas of Southern California.

Collection Scope and Content Summary

The Edna W. Phelps Collection contains photographs, correspondence, diaries, and family documents representing the history of at least four generations of the Phelps, Gulick, Davidson, Humiston, Gooch, Huntley, Schultz, Willson, and Turner families from 1847-1978. The bulk of the collection documents the Gulick family from ca. 1880-ca. 1920. Also included are topical files and biographical/subject research files on other various families and locations in Tustin and the vicinity from ca. 1810-1981.
Because the originals of these materials reside at other institutions (e.g., Bowers Museum, Tustin Area Museum, Western Association for the Advancement of Local History) or were obtained from outside research sources, many documents are photocopies of originals. The locations of originals are noted on the photocopies, when known.
The research files in Series 4 were created by Helen Gulick Huntley. They are made up of both handwritten and typed notes, many of which were generated in ca. 1960. Also included in Series 3 is a typescript biography on Columbus Tustin by Helen Gulick Huntley.
The collection is organized in four series:
  • Series 1. Photographs, 1855-1967. 0.6 linear ft.
  • Series 2. Correspondence, 1852-1978. 0.7 linear ft.
  • Series 3. Topical materials, 1847-1972. 0.5 linear ft.
  • Series 4. Research files, ca. 1810-1981. 0.3 linear ft.

Separation Note

Two items were removed from this collection and cataloged individually:
  • Orange County Masonic Bulletin, Dedication Edition, October 1931
  • Orange County Masonic Bulletin, August 1932

Related Collections

The following collections in Special Collections at the UCI Libraries contain related materials:
  • MS-R24. Alice Gulick Gooch Photographs (Step-great aunt of Edna Phelps by Martin N. Gulick's third marriage)
  • MS-R26. Quinn and Jesse Gulick Photographs (Second cousins of Edna Phelps by Martin N. Gulick's first marriage)
  • MS-R28. Huntley Collection

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Gulick family--Archives.
Orange County (Calif.)--Archival resources.
Phelps, Edna W., 1905- --Archives.
Phelps family--Archives.

Genres and Forms of Materials

Diaries.
Maps--California--Orange County.
Photographic prints--California.
Photographic prints--California--Orange County.
Tintypes.


Collection Contents

 

Series 1.  Photographs, 1855-1967.

Physical Description: 0.6 linear ft.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series primarily contains black and white photographs. Other photographic material has been noted on the container list and includes tintypes and a color slide. This series is organized in two subseries.
The series is organized in 2 subseries:
  • Subseries 1.1. People, 1855-1967. 0.4 linear ft.
  • Subseries 1.2. Places, 1890-1920. 0.2 linear ft.
 

Subseries 1.1.  People, 1855-1967.

Physical Description: 0.4 linear ft.

Subseries Scope and Content Summary

This subseries includes photographs of family members, both individual and groups, school classes and friends of the family. It is composed primarily of Phelps and Gulick family material and is arranged alphabetically by surname or the name of the place or institution documented.
Box 1 : 1

Bartley Family, 1882-1905

Box 1 : 2

Burston, Selina, 1891

Box 1 : 3

Carson Family, 1897

Box 1 : 4

Chestnutwood, Mrs. A. J., 1870

Box 1 : 5

Davidson Family, 1910

Box 1 : 6

El Modena Elementary School, ca. 1892-1921

Box 1 : 7

Gooch Family, 1898-1908

Box 1 : 8-12

Gulick Family, ca. 1875-1967.

Physical Description: 5 folders.
Box 1 : 13

Himohara, Zensky, 1902

Box 1 : 14

Humiston Family, undated

Box 1 : 15

Huntley Family, ca. 1882-1940

Box 1 : 16

Modjeska, Madame Helena, 1894-1904

Box 1 : 17

Obarr Family, 1878-1896

Box 1 : 18

Olive School, 5th-8th grade, undated

Box 1 : 19

Palmer Family, undated

Box 1 : 20-24

Phelps Family, 1855-1960.

Physical Description: 5 folders.
Box 1 : 25

Preble, Stella, ca. 1895

Box 1 : 26

Rice, James S., undated

Box 1 : 27

Schultz Family, 1889-1926

Box 1 : 28

Turner Family, 1895-1905

Box 1 : 29

Tustin Elementary School, 9th grade, 1899

Box 1 : 30

Tustin Grammar School, 1885-1901

Box 1 : 31

Villa Park School, 1st and 2nd grade, 1934

Box 1 : 32

Willson Family, 1900-1904

Box 1 : 33

Unidentified, undated.

Physical Description: Includes 2 tintypes.
 

Subseries 1.2.  Places, 1890-1920.

Physical Description: 0.2 linear ft.

Subseries Scope and Content Summary

This subseries includes photographs of places in Orange County and other California locations, as well as images of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Illinois. It is arranged alphabetically by place name within Orange County, then California and the rest of the United States.
Box 2 : 1-5

Orange County

Box 2 : 1

Irvine Ranch, ca. 1895

Box 2 : 2

Laguna Beach and San Juan Capistrano Mission, undated

Box 2 : 3

Orange, ca. 1905-1912

Box 2 : 4

Santa Ana, ca. 1910

Box 2 : 5

Tustin, ca. 1890-1920

Box 2 : 6

California locations

Box 2 : 6

Buena Vista Rancho, undated

Box 2 : 6

Corona, ca. 1906

Box 2 : 6

East Lake Park, Los Angeles, undated

Box 2 : 6

Eel River, undated

Box 2 : 6

Fortuna, undated

Box 2 : 6

Henshaw Lake, San Diego, 1927

Box 2 : 6

Long Beach, 1971.

Note

Color slide.
Box 2 : 6

San Francisco, undated

Box 2 : 6

Santa Barbara earthquake, 1925

Box 2 : 6

Santa Inez Mission, 1926

Box 2 : 6

Ukiah, undated

Box 2 : 7

United States

Box 2 : 7

Kansas, undated

Box 2 : 7

Plainview, Illinois, ca. 1890

Box 2 : 7

Tulsa, Oklahoma, undated

Box 2 : 8

Unidentified, undated

 

Series 2.  Correspondence, 1852-1978.

Physical Description: 0.7 linear ft.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series consists of both handwritten original letters and photocopies of originals. Some files also contain typescript transcriptions of original correspondence, accompanied by notes of Edna Phelps that describe relations of people and places mentioned in the correspondence. Most of the correspondence in this series was not received by Edna Phelps, but by other family members. The series is arranged alphabetically by surname of the author, with the exception of postcards, which are filed together.
Box 3 : 1

Alexander, M.A., 1877

Box 3 : 2

Barr, Maria, 1885-1902

Box 3 : 3

Bartlett, Lanier, 1958

Box 3 : 4

Carson, Harlan Page, 1886-1932

Box 3 : 5

Cochran, Winona Barr, 1902

Box 3 : 6

Cross, Fred B., 1895

Box 3 : 7

Curtis, Ella, 1897

Box 3 : 8

Davidson, Colin, 1888-1891

Box 3 : 9

Davidson, Eleanor (Nell) Gulick, 1897-1900

Box 3 : 10

Davidson, Elizabeth, 1889

Box 3 : 11

Davis, A. N., 1881

Box 3 : 12

First American Title Insurance and Trust Co., Santa Ana, California, 1965

Box 3 : 13

Gooch, Alice Gulick, 1883-1908

Box 3 : 14

Gulick, Annis C., 1883-1904

Box 3 : 15

Gulick, Harriet (Hattie), 1886-1905

Box 3 : 16

Gulick, James Harvey, 1888

Box 3 : 17

Gulick, Martin N., 1859-1894

Box 3 : 18

Gulick, Olive, 1885-1952

Box 3 : 19

Humiston, Sadie Gulick, 1889-1935

Box 3 : 20

Huntley, Helen Gulick, 1909-1965

Box 3 : 21

Lindsley, Elisa M. P., 1855

Box 3 : 22

Lindsley, William, 1852

Box 3 : 23

McFadden Lumber Company, Santa Ana, California, 1889

Box 3 : 24

Munger, R.A., 1922

Box 3 : 25

Phelps, Joshua, 1855-1875

Box 3 : 26

Phelps, L. Irving, 1889

Box 4 : 1

Phelps, Louis Ransom, 1912

Box 4 : 2

Phelps, Mary Jane (Mollie) Gulick, 1889-1912

Box 4 : 3

Phelps, Philo, 1829-1836

Box 4 : 4

Postcards from various people, 1908-1911 and undated

Box 4 : 5

Rice, James, Jr., 1888

Box 4 : 6

Welch, (G. or S.?), 1883

Box 4 : 7

Welch, Addie, 1882

Box 4 : 8

Welch, Charles, 1885-1886

Box 4 : 9

Welch, Ella, 1883

Box 4 : 10

Welch, Emma, 1883

Box 4 : 11

Welch, Lizzie, 1888-1890

Box 4 : 12

Willson, Grace, 1970-1974

Box 4 : 13

Willson, Sue Davidson, 1888-1890

Box 4 : 14

Willson, Walter, 1975-1978

Box 4 : 15

University of California, Berkeley, 1891

Box 4 : 16

Utt, C.E. Grower and shipper, Tustin, California, 1904.

Box 4 : 17

Unidentified authors, 1888-1892

 

Series 3.  Topical material, 1847-1972.

Physical Description: 0.5 linear ft.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains diaries of various family members, historical writings about the Gulick and Tustin families, and ephemera. Much of this material consists of photocopies of originals; in some instances the legibility of these reproductions is quite poor. The series is arranged alphabetically by surname of the author when available, otherwise by title or genre of materials.
Box 4 : 18

Bartley, George. Transcripts of interviews by Edna Phelps, 1971-1972

Box 4 : 19

Davidson, Eleanor Gulick. "Short diary of a journey from Plainview, Illinois to Santa Ana, California 1887-1888," transcript by Edna Phelps, 1971

Box 4 : 20

Davidson, Sue and Laura. "Letters of Sue and Laura Davidson to Aunt Ollie and Aunt Hattie (Gulick)," selected and edited by Edna Phelps and Ellen Lee, 1981

Box 4 : 21

Deeds and assessment for taxes, Orange County, 1866-1875

Box 4 : 22

Ebell Club Garden Fete, souvenir program, 1910

Box 4 : 23-24

Grabe, Helen. "Tustin family," includes draft, 1963.

Physical Description: 2 folders.
Box 4 : 25

Gulick, Laura Palmer. "Laura Palmer Gulick relates her family's trip by team and wagon from Olive to National City and back through Corona and Riverside in August and September 1900," transcript by Edna Phelps, undated

Box 4 : 26-28

Huntley, Helen Gulick

Box 4 : 26-27

"Columbus Tustin and his city," includes draft and source material, 1963.

Physical Description: 2 folders.
Box 4 : 28

Diary, 1908

Box 4 : 29

Huntley, Laura Helen Gulick. "Little girl recalls her life in county in years 1887-1890, being notes written up in 1940-1942 by Laura Helen Gulick Huntley," edited by Edna Phelps, undated

Box 4 : 30-31

Huntley, William

Box 4 : 30

"California desert journey" (1898), transcript of interview by Edna Phelps, 1969

Box 4 : 31

Transcript of interview by Edna Phelps, 1969

Box 4 : 32

Knights of Columbus Arrangement Committee, program, undated

Box 4 : 33

Land sales in Tustin, California and vicinity, 1869-1880

Box 4 : 34

Lockett, Lucy Hill. "My early recollections of Newport Beach, about 1886-1903," undated

Box 4 : 35

Maps of property owners and street addresses from Santa Ana, Tustin, San Joaquin, and an unidentified area, undated

Box 4 : 36

Meadows, Don. "Tustin," undated

Box 4 : 37

"Miscellaneous readings on background material about Orange County," undated

Box 4 : 38

News clippings on Orange County history, 1951-1975

Box 4 : 39-40

Phelps, Annis C.

Box 4 : 39

"Short diary of a journey in 1847 from Chicago to St. Louis," annotated by Edna Phelps, 1979

Box 4 : 40

"Story of Grandma Gulick's trip" (ca. 1848), transcript by Edna Phelps, 1984

Box 4 : 41 - 5 : 1

Phelps, Edna W.

Box 4 : 41

Notes, undated

Box 5 : 1

"One by one the Gulicks came west," including excerpts, undated

Box 5 : 2

"Sadie's account of her visit to Aunt Julia's in 1896," undated

Box 5 : 3

Schultz family Bible, 4-page fragment containing birth, death and marriage information, 1837-1942

Box 5 : 4

Scotland Academy, South Dakota, commencement invitation, 1891

Box 5 : 5

"Silent majority of early Tustin," undated

Box 5 : 6

Spurgeon, Charles. Report cards, Diamond Public School, 1881

Box 5 : 7

Stafford, E. P. "Pioneer days in Santa Ana," undated

Box 5 : 8

Tustin family burial plot description and map, Fairhaven Memorial Park, undated

Box 5 : 9

Tustin, Samuel. Notes, undated

Box 5 : 10

Tustin Women's Christian Temperance Union program, 1906-1907

Box 5 : 11

World's Columbian Commission Citrus Fruit Award, International Exposition, Chicago, 1893.

Note

Awarded to Martin N. Gulick.
Box XOS

Original award.

Box 5 : 12

Writings, unidentified, undated

 

Series 4.  Research files, ca. 1810-1981.

Physical Description: 0.3 linear ft.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series includes historical notes, chiefly those assembled by Helen Gulick Huntley, on residents, locations, and living conditions in Tustin and the vicinity. It is organized in two subseries.
The series is organized in 2 subseries:
  • Subseries 4.1. Biographical notes, ca. 1810-ca. 1960. 0.2 linear ft.
  • Subseries 4.2. Subject notes, ca. 1850-1981. 0.1 linear ft.
 

Subseries 4.1.  Biographical notes, ca. 1810-ca. 1960.

Physical Description: 0.2 linear ft.

Subseries Scope and Content Summary

This subseries contains brief historical notes including birth, death and marriage dates, occupations and other information on past Tustin residents. Other miscellaneous biographical notes from this collection, in addition to those by Helen Gulick Huntley, have been filed here as well. The subseries is arranged in alphabetical order by surname of the subject individual. None of the material is dated.
Box 5 : 13

Adams-Artz

Box 5 : 14

Ballard-Butterfield

Box 5 : 15

Carson-Cushman

Box 5 : 16

Davidson-Dunstan

Box 5 : 17

Eddy-Freeman

Box 5 : 18

Getty-Grisett

Box 5 : 19

Gulick

Box 5 : 20

Henderson-Hunt

Box 5 : 21

Huntley

Box 5 : 22

Insley-Johnson

Box 5 : 23

Kauffman-King

Box 5 : 24

Lambert-Leck

Box 5 : 25

Marchant-Mills

Box 5 : 26

Nau-Norton

Box 5 : 27

Padgham-Preble

Box 5 : 28

Phelps

Box 5 : 29

Rice-Runnels

Box 5 : 30

Salee-Smith

Box 5 : 31

Thompson-Tubbs

Box 5 : 32

Tustin

Box 5 : 33

Uly-Vestals

Box 5 : 34

Wall-Zeilian

 

Subseries 4.2.  Subject notes, ca. 1850-1981.

Physical Description: 0.1 linear ft.

Subseries Scope and Content Summary

This subseries includes brief historical notes on locations (e.g., banks, churches, houses) and living conditions (e.g., wages, recreation, real estate, irrigation) in Tustin and vicinity and is arranged alphabetically by subject. Very little of the material is dated.
Box 5 : 35

African-American residents

Box 5 : 35

Banks

Box 5 : 35

Buildings

Box 5 : 35

Chamber of Commerce

Box 5 : 35

Chinese pump (Chiney pump)

Box 5 : 35

Chinese residents

Box 5 : 35

Churches

Box 5 : 35

Coffee

Box 5 : 35

Deeds

Box 5 : 35

Events (e.g., gasoline shortage)

Box 5 : 35

Gospel Swamp

Box 5 : 35

Grist Mill

Box 5 : 35

Haven Seed Company

Box 5 : 35

Hewes mansion

Box 5 : 35

Home guards

Box 5 : 35

Houses

Box 5 : 35

Irrigation

Box 5 : 35

Irvine subdivision

Box 5 : 35

Knights of Pythias

Box 5 : 35

Laguna Beach

Box 5 : 36

Land and land sales

Box 5 : 37

Meat markets

Box 5 : 37

Merchants

Box 5 : 37

Missionary Society

Box 5 : 37

Modjeska house

Box 5 : 37

Newspapers

Box 5 : 37

Parades

Box 5 : 37

People

Box 5 : 37

Physicians

Box 5 : 37

Post office

Box 5 : 37

Railroad

Box 5 : 37

Ranch house, Santa Margarita y Los Flores

Box 5 : 37

Rancho Santiago

Box 5 : 37

Real estate

Box 5 : 37

Recreation

Box 5 : 37

Rodriguez Crossing

Box 5 : 37

Saloons

Box 5 : 37

Schools

Box 5 : 37

Shops and stores

Box 5 : 37

Stage lines

Box 5 : 37

Storms

Box 5 : 37

Tustin (city)

Box 5 : 37

Tustin Hotel

Box 5 : 37

Tustin Villa

Box 5 : 37

Wages

Box 5 : 37

Water works

Box 5 : 37

Wood Canyon cave