Scope and Content
Title: Hamlin Garland papers
Collection number: 0200
USC Libraries Special Collections
Language of Material:
181.41 Linear feet
173 boxes, loose material
Date (inclusive): 1890-1940
The Hamlin Garland Collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts, literary notebooks, photographs, and other memorabilia,
by and about the American realist writer (1860-1940).
General Physical Description note:
Printed Version: xvi, 159 p.
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940.
Scope and Content
The Hamlin Garland Collection contains 8,000 pieces of correspondence, largely unpublished, by the American realist writer
(1860-1940), including many letters from such famous correspondents as James M. Barrie, Joseph Conrad, Thomas Hardy, and A.
A. Milne of England, and from Americans such as Walt Whitman, William Dean Howells, Stephen Crane, Gertrude Atherton, and
Willa Cather. Also in the collection are nearly eight hundred manuscripts of Garland's writings, dozens of his literary notebooks,
many hundreds of photographs and other memorabilia, and parts of Garland's personal library.
COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE: Advance notice required for access. Consult finding aid for additional information.
All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian.
Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and is not intended
to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
[Identification of item], Hamlin Garland papers, Collection no. 0200, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern
Grateful acknowledgment is due to Dr. Lewis F. Stieg, University Librarian, for authorizing, encouraging, and directing the
compilation of this publication. Professors Bruce R. McElderry, Jr., and William D. Templeman of the English faculty, Professor
Donald Pizer of Tulane University, M. Robert Mane of the Sorbonne, and Dion O'Donnol helped and advised me. Hamlin Garland's
daughters, Mrs. Isabel Garland Lord and Mrs. Constance Garland Doyle, graciously filled in some gaps of information.
Lloyd A. Arvidson, May 1962
By the terms of his bequest, a large part of Hamlin Garland's library came to the University of Southern California in 1939-40.
The author died in March of 1940, and in November the University Library announced the acquisition by purchase of Garland's
personal papers and correspondence. Although he had drawn quite close to USC during his final decade, receiving an honorary
doctorate from the University in 1935, Garland long held out the idea of placing his papers with an institution in the East
or Mid-West, geographically closer to the parts of the country he most closely identified with. He left final disposition
of the archive to Mrs. Garland, however, who saw the merit of adding her husband's papers to the USC library's growing American
In the years immediately following, much Garland material was retrieved by USC which the author had loaned for exhibition.
His first scholarly biographer, Eldon C. Hill at the the University of Miami (Ohio), also returned letters, books, and manuscripts
which Hamlin Garland had placed at his disposal during the writing of Hill's dissertation. The Garland Collection moved out
of cartons and file cabinets after 1950, when Professor Bruce E. McElderry (English) assumed the task of describing and analyzing
the entire archive. Concurrently, Lloyd Arvidson of the library staff, with particular responsibility for the American Literature
holdings, was preparing his
Bibliography of the Published Writings of Hamlin Garland; and it became his next goal to draw up the detailed checklist of the Garland Collection, which the library published as a
paper-bound octavo booklet in 1962. This checklist is now made available for the first time in electronic form.
Through the good offices of Professor Mark Rocha, an addendum to the Garland Collection was acquired in 1988, consisting for
the most part of family memorabilia (photographs, scrapbooks, personal correspondence) belonging to Garland's two daughters.
John B. Ahouse
American Literature Curator
University of Southern California
October 8, 1999
The arrangement of this Checklist is that of the Hamlin Garland Papers themselves. Its broad outlines were laid down by Prof.
Bruce R. McElderry, Jr., who directed Mr. Alan Snyder in the preliminary calendaring of the Papers in 1950-51. It will be
noted that the Papers are divided into twelve divisions, chiefly upon the basis of type or form, but sometimes by subject
category. The subarrangement within each division is almost always alphabetical, usually by title, but sometimes, when it
is more appropriate, by subject. Occasionally, as for the Garland notebooks, a chronological arrangement is used.
Each Garland manuscript here listed is revised in the author's hand unless the entry specifically states that it is a fair
copy or is unrevised (unrev.). Revision of manuscripts written by others (Section XI, subsection D) is, however, noted. A
date or approximate date which has been supplied from sources other than the manuscript described is placed in brackets, with
a question mark if it is unverified. When a manuscript has obviously been post-dated by Mr. Garland, this has been noted,
since such post-dating is not always reliable. Titles of entries for manuscripts are those of the published work or of the
final draft. Variant titles of earlier drafts are placed in quotation marks.
Housed with the Hamlin Garland Papers is Mr. Garland's personal library of more than 500 volumes. A checklist of these books,
which excludes the volumes presented to the Library by Mrs. Hamlin Garland in October, 1940, but gives transcripts of the
inscriptions in the listed volumes, was published as Appendix A of Lars Ahnebrink's
The Beginnings of Naturalism in American Fiction(Upsala, 1950).
A separate explanatory note for the checklist of correspondence may be found at the beginning of that section.
Autograph letter, signed
no date shown on manuscript and not determined from other sources
month and day shown on manuscript, but not year
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Atherton, Gertrude Franklin Horn, 1857-1948 -- Correspondence
Barrie, James -- Correspondence
Cather, Willa, 1873-1947 -- Correspondence
Conrad, Joseph, 1857-1924 -- Correspondence
Crane, Stephen, 1871-1900 -- Correspondence
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940. -- Archives
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940. -- Correspondence
Hardy, Thomas, 1840-1928 -- Correspondence
Howells, William Dean, 1837-1920 -- Correspondence
Milne, A.A., (Alan Alexander), 1882-1956 -- Correspondence
Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892 -- Correspondence
Authors, American--Archival resources