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Frederick Jackson Turner collection
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1: Correspondence and Documents 1877-1963

Abstract: General correspondence during Turner's life is contained in Boxes 1 through 52. Biographical and Autobiographical material is contained in Box 53. Manuscripts and Documents are in Boxes 54 through 57. Also in this series is the Turner-Hooper correspondence, which is contained in 8 boxes.

General correspondence 1879/1963

Physical Description: 60 boxes
Box 1

General correspondence (1879-1894)

Box 2

General correspondence (1895-1899)

Box 3

General correspondence (1900-1902)

Box 4

General correspondence (1903-1904)

Box 5

General correspondence (1905, Jan.-May)

Box 5A

General correspondence (1905, June-Dec.)

Box 6

General correspondence (1906, Jan.-Feb.)

Box 6A

General correspondence (1906, Mar.-May)

Box 7

General correspondence (1906, Apr.-Dec.)

Box 8

General correspondence (1907, Jan.-Mar)

Box 9

General correspondence (1907, Apr.-June)

Box 9A

General correspondence (1907, July-Dec.)

Box 10

General correspondence (1908, Jan.-Apr.)

Box 11

General correspondence (1908, May-Dec.)

Box 12

General correspondence (1909, Jan.-Sep.)

Box 13

General correspondence (1909, Oct.-Dec.)

Box 14

General correspondence (1910, Jan.-May)

Box 15

General correspondence (1910, June-Dec.)

Box 16

General correspondence (1911, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 17

General correspondence (1912, Jan-May)

Box 18

General correspondence (1912, June-Dec.)

Box 19

General correspondence (1913, Jan.-May)

Box 20

General correspondence (1913, June-Oct.)

Box 20A

General correspondence (1913, Nov.-Dec.)

Box 21

General correspondence (1914, (Jan.-July)

Box 22

General correspondence (1914, Aug.-Dec.)

Box 23

General correspondence (1915, Jan.-Feb.)

Box 24

General correspondence (1915, Mar.-May)

Box 25

General correspondence (1915, June-Dec.)

Box 26

General correspondence (1916, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 27

General correspondence (1917, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 28

General correspondence (1918, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 29

General correspondence (1919, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 30

General correspondence (1920, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 31

General correspondence (1921 & 1922, Jan.-Mar)

Box 31A

General correspondence (1922, Apr.-Dec.)

Box 32

General correspondence (1923, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 33

General correspondence (1924, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 34

General correspondence (1925, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 34A

General correspondence (1925, July-Dec.)

Box 35

General correspondence (1926, Jan.-June)

Box 35A

General correspondence (1926, July-Dec.)

Box 36

General correspondence (1927, Jan.-June)

Box 37

General correspondence (1927, July-Dec.)

Box 38

General correspondence (1928, Jan.-Mar.)

Box 39

General correspondence (1928, Apr.-Aug.)

Box 40

General correspondence (1928, Sep.-Dec.)

Box 41

General correspondence (1929, Jan.-Apr.)

Box 42

General correspondence (1929, May-Dec.)

Box 43

General correspondence (1930, Jan.-Feb.)

Box 44

General correspondence (1930, Mar.-June)

Box 44A

General correspondence (1930, July-Dec.)

Box 45

General correspondence (1931, Jan.-June)

Box 46

General correspondence (1931, July-Dec.)

Box 47

General correspondence (1932, Jan.-Mar.)

Box 48

General correspondence (1932, Apr.-June 10)

Box 49

General correspondence (1932, June 11-Dec.)

Box 50

General correspondence (1933, Jan.-Apr.)

Box 50A

General correspondence (1933, May-Dec.)

Box 51

General correspondence (1934, Jan.-Dec.)

Box 52

General correspondence (1935-1963)


Biographical and Autobiographical Material 1907-1933

Physical Description: 1 box
Box 53

Biographical and Autobiographical Material 1907-1933


Manuscripts and Documents 1877/1932

Physical Description: 4 boxes
Box 54

Manuscripts and Documents (1877-1933)

Box 55

Manuscripts and Documents (1900-1910)

Box 56

Manuscripts and Documents (1911-1926)

Box 57

Manuscripts and Documents (1927-1955)


Diaries, Ephemera, Maps, Photographs, and other material

Physical Description: 7 boxes
Box 58A

Maps. Note: There is an additional box of maps found in Series 7

Box 58B

Photographs and Cartoons

Box 58C

Photographs: May include boyhood pictures of Turner, his family, and friends, as well as pictures taken during his teaching career

Box 59

Ephemera. Note: There is an additional box of ephemera found in Series 7 (1880-1928)

Box 60

Ephemera: Fragmentary letters and newspaper clippings (1929-1947)

Box 61

Business papers, receipts, etc.

Box 62

Pocket diary pages, scrapbook kept by Turner, genealogical data, and miscellaneous sketches


Henry Holt & Company correspondence

Physical Description: 1 box
Box 63

Henry Holt & Company correspondence


Turner Family letters

Physical Description: 11 boxes
Box A

Turner Family letters (1862-1887, May)

Box B

Turner Family letters (1887, June-Dec.)

Box C

Turner Family letters (1888, Jan.-Sep.)

Box D

Turner Family letters (1888, Oct.-1889, July)

Box E

Turner Family letters (1889, Aug.-1893)

Box F

Turner Family letters (1894-1904)

Box G

Turner Family letters (1905-1910)

Box H

Turner Family letters (1911-1913)

Box I

Turner Family letters (1914-1921)

Box J

Turner Family letters (1922-1926)

Box K

Turner Family letters (1927-1939)


Turner-Hooper and other correspondence

Physical Description: 15 boxes
Box 1

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1910-1912)

Box 2

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1913-1914)

Box 3

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1915-1917, June)

Box 4

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1917, July-1919)

Box 5

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1920-1924)

Box 6

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1925-1926)

Box 7

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1927-1929)

Box 8

Turner-Hooper correspondence (1930-1944)

Box 9

Turner-Hooper correspondence: Typewritten copies of originals in Boxes 1-4 (1910-1918)

Box 10

Turner-Hooper correspondence: Typewritten copies of originals in Boxes 5-8 (1920-1944)

Box 11

Turner-Hooper ephemera

Box A


Box B


Box C


Box D

Rogers to End


2: Manuscript Volumes 1883-1932

Physical Description: 20 volumes

TU Vol. 1

Physical Description: Red Book

TU Vol. 2 (1923-1924)

Physical Description: Blue Book

TU Vol. 3 (1 & 2): Commonplace Book (1883-1887)

Physical Description: Two paper-bound notebooks

TU Vol. 4: A.J. Turner, History of Portage [approximately 1900]-

Physical Description: Bound in hard covers

TU Vol. 5: Letters of Condolence (1932)

Physical Description: In a portfolio

TU Vol. 6: Collection of Syllabuses [approximately 1893]

Physical Description: Hard-cover folder

TU Vol. 7: Bibliography of United States

Physical Description:

TU Vol. 8: Dictionary of American Biography

Physical Description: Bound volume

TU Vol. 9: Town and Gown Club

Physical Description: Facsimile

TU Vol. 10: Diary and Correspondence Relating to Children (1890-1893)

Physical Description: Handwritten on cheap paper

TU Vol. 11: Journal of a Camping Trip (1908)

Physical Description: Handwritten in pencil on small sheets of paper

TU Vol. 12: Household Account Book (1921-1922)

Physical Description: Written in pen

TU Vols. 13-18: Student Notebooks [approx. 1880s]

Physical Description:

TU Vol. 19: Retiring Allowance correspondence

Physical Description: Letters bound in a folder

TU Vol. 20: References on the History of the West (1920 and 1922)

Physical Description: Three copies

3: File Drawers 1-22


File Drawers 1-9

Physical Description: 42 boxes
Boxes 1 A-E

New England, 1492-1659; Middle Colonies, 1492-1659, South, 1492-1659, the West, 1492-1659; New England, 1660-1689; Middle Colonies, 1660-1689

Boxes 2 A-E

South, 1660-1689; General, 1690-1763; Middle Atlantic, 1690-1763; South, 1690-1763; New England, 1690-1763

Boxes 3A-D

South, 1690-1763; West, 1690-1763; Far West, 1690-1763; General, 1761-1782; New England, 1764-1782; Middle Atlantic, 1764-1782

Boxes 4 A-E

West, 1764-1782; General, 1783-1788; New England, 1783-1788; Middle Atlantic, 1783-1788; West, 1783-1788

Boxes 5 A-E

General, 1789-1818

Boxes 6 A-E

General, 1789-1818 continued

Boxes 7 A-E

New England, 1789-1818; Middle Atlantic, 1789-1818; South, 1789-1818; West, 1789-1818; General, 1819-1829; New England, 1819-1829

Boxes 8 A-D

Middle Atlantic, 1819-1829; South, 1818-1829; Middle West, 1819-1829; Far West, 1818-1829; General, 1830-1850

Boxes 9 A-D

General, 1830-1850, continued


File Drawer 10

Physical Description: 4 boxes
Abstract: Lecture notes and completed lectures
Boxes 10 A-D

Principally important are the lecture notes and completed lectures, especially those for the History of Liberty series given at Harvard University shortly after World War I


File Drawers 11-12

Physical Description: 7 boxes
Boxes 11 A-D

New England, 1830-1850; Middle Atlantic, 1830-1850; South, 1830-1820; Middle West, 1830-1850; Far West, 1830-1850; General, 1851-1865

Boxes 12 A-C

New England, 1851-1865; Middle Atlantic, 1851-1865; South, 1851-1865; Middle West, 1851-1865; Far West, 1851-1865


File Drawer 13

Physical Description: 4 boxes
Boxes 13 A-D

Research notes accumulated by Turner for his never-completed biography of George Rogers Clark


File Drawers 14-15

Physical Description: 9 boxes
Boxes 14 A-D


Boxes 15 A-E



File Drawers 16-21

Physical Description: 22 boxes
Boxes 16 A-E

General, 1866 to present

Boxes 17 A-D

General, 1866 to present

Boxes 18 A-D

General, 1866 to present

Boxes 19 A-C

General, 1866 to present

Boxes 20 A-C

New England, 1866 to present; Middle Atlantic, 1866 to present; South, 1866 to present; Middle West, 1866 to present. The bulk to the contents are in the latter category. At rear a few miscellaneous items, including skyscraper book

Boxes 21 A-C

The West, 1866 to present. In this drawer materials are arranged topically, under railroads, mining, cattlemen, agrarian movements, and the like. Many of the books and articles have been annotated or underlined by Turner, with his usual red pencil. At the rear of the drawer are several folders marked "Miscellany" which contain a variety of reading notes, bibliography, etc., dealing with an earlier period


File Drawer 22

Physical Description: 3 boxes
Boxes 22 A-C

Lecture notes


4: File Drawers A-L

Boxes A 1-5

[In folders at the front of the drawer are the correspondence between the Huntington Library and Henry Holt & Co. concerning the publishing of the book, and the accounts of Merrill H. Crissey, Professor Turner's secretary.] *All Holt correspondence has been placed in TU Box 63.* Then follow drafts of the chapters, usually typed carbons heavily corrected in Turner's hand. Drafts of the introduction and some other parts of chapters are in Turner's hand. Each chapter is accompanied by a series of notes and memoranda by the editors, which admirably illustrate the problems of posthumous publication

Boxes B 1-5

This contains the rough data and Turner's notes for political developments during the period covered by the book. The large quantities of statistical data gathered by Professor Turner as the basis for his analysis of elections and for the maps of elections and congressional votes provide admirable evidence of the factual basis for each of his generalizations. This evidence was too voluminous to be shown in footnotes

Boxes C 1-5

The material contained in this drawer deals largely with the public issues of the Jackson-Tyler administrations: nullification, the tariff, the bank war, the independent treasury, foreign relations, etc. Included are many copies of documents from archives in the United States and Europe, in addition to the usual reading notes, seminar reports, offprints, etc.

Boxes D 1-5

Included in this drawer are materials for the later political history of the period 1830-1850. Reading notes, maps, seminar reports, offprints, documents, etc. are supplemented by a few of Turner's rough-draft chapters extending through the Polk Administration. The rear of the drawer contains materials not yet reduced to written form when death intervened, extending the story to 1850

Boxes E 1-3

In this drawer are various drafts of the manuscripts for the Lowell Institute Lectures that Turner delivered in Boston in 1918 on "The United States and its Sections, 1830-1850." Because many pages of the lectures were later removed to be incorporated in "the" book, most of the lectures are not complete. Enough of them remain to indicate the scope and interpretation of the subject

Boxes F 1-4

This is devoted to materials for the chapter of the North Central States, 1830-1850. In contains a draft of the chapter, as well as the usual notes, maps, reading materials, etc. Specific items such as the effect of glaciation, population movements, the cost of moving west, and the like, illustrate again the staggering amount of evidence that underlay each generalization in the final draft

Boxes G 1-5

This is also devoted exclusively to materials on the North Central States, with notes, memos, and manuscript drafts on such topics a agriculture, transportation, business, banking,and the land system. These are a number of preliminary drafts in Turner's hand of sections on canals, and other small parts of the whole

Boxes H 1-5

In this drawer are comparable materials dealing with the political and cultural history of the North Central States, 1830-1850

Boxes I 1-5

This drawer contains reading notes and similar materials for the first five chapters of the book: the introduction, the United States in 1830, and the discussions of New England, the Middle Atlantic states, and the South Atlantic states. In each case various drafts of the chapters or fragments of chapters are filed with the other notes

Boxes J 1-5

In this are comparable materials for the chapters on the South Central states and for Texas and the Far West. There are no drafts of chapters included, but fragments of drafts are tucked in with the other materials

Boxes K 1-5

This is devoted to materials on the Far West that formed a basis for the latter part of the Texas and Far West chapter. The usual reading notes, theses, pamphlets, offprints, etc. deal with such subjects as Indians, trade, settlement of Oregon, etc.

Boxes L 1-4

Largely compiled after Turner's death, and having little relation to the other materials in this bank of drawers, this drawer deals largely with the preparation posthumously of Turner's book of essays on Sections in American History. Included is the correspondence between the editors and Henry Holt & Co., the publishers, a folder of permissions from prior publishers of the materials, copies of each of the original essays sent to the publishers to be reproduced, and a variety of materials on sectionalism that have no connection with the book: many maps by Turner, one manuscript on sectionalism, jottings by Turner on the subject, offprints, articles, and similar materials on the subject


5: Contents of 3 x 5 Files

Box Drawers 1 & 2

Box Drawers 2 (cont.) & 3

Box Drawers 4 & 5

Box Drawers 6 & 7

Box Drawers 8 & 9

Box Drawers 10 & 11

Box Drawers 12 & 13

Box Drawers 14 & 15

Box Drawers 16 & 17

Box Drawers 18 & 19


6: Black Boxes Nos. 1-14


Box No. 1 (1-25)


Box No. 2 (26-40)


Box No. 3 (41-64)


Box No. 4 (65-83)


Box No. 5 (84-100)


Box No. 6 (101-110)


Box No. 7 (111-138)


Box No. 8 (139-159)


Box No. 9 (160-168)


Box No. 10 (169-206)


Box No. 11 (207-228)


Box No. 12 (229-249)


Box No. 13 (250-274)


Box No. 14 (275-298)


7: Miscellaneous



Physical Description: 1 box
Box 1

Miscellaneous maps


Turner Students' Papers

Physical Description: 5 boxes
Box 1

Turner Students' Papers

Box 2

Turner Students' Papers

Box 3

Turner Students' Papers

Box 4

Turner Students' Papers

Box 5

Turner Students' Papers


Lantern Slides

Physical Description: 15 boxes
Box 1

Lantern Slides

Box 2

Lantern Slides (1928)

Box 3

Lantern Slides

Box 4

Lantern Slides (1850-1890)

Box 5

Lantern Slides

Box 6

Lantern Slides (1920)

Box 7

Lantern Slides

Box 8

Lantern Slides

Box 9

Lantern Slides: United States Part A (1830-1850)

Box 10

Lantern Slides: United States Part B (1830-1850)

Box 11

Lantern Slides

Box 12

Lantern Slides

Box 13

Lantern Slides

Box 14

Lantern Slides

Box 15

Lantern Slides. Note: Some slides are broken



Physical Description: 2 boxes, 1 oversize folder, and 1 volume
Box 1


Empty cigar box. Transferred from C. Cherbosque, Jan. 1997
Box FAC 1337

FAC 1337 Littlefield, Henry M. "Textbooks, Determinism and Turner: The Westward Movement in Secondary School, History and Geography, 1830-1960

Oversize folder 1

Voting statistics


HM 55672 Turner, Frederick Jackson, 1861-1932. The Frontier in American History

Gift of Mrs. Homer D. Crotty