Scope and Content Note
Title: Brutus Coste Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1940-1985
Collection number: 85051
Coste, Brutus, 1910-1985
85 manuscript boxes
(35.4 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, dispatches, memoranda, reports, press releases, speeches and writings,
conference proceedings, financial records, and printed matter, relating to Romanian
diplomacy during World War II; discussion of Romania at the Paris Peace Conference of
1946; Romanian and other Eastern European emigre affairs; postwar anti-communist
movements, especially the Assembly of Captive European Nations and the Truth about
Romania Committee; and the status of human rights in Romania and elsewhere in Eastern
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection open for research.
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[Identification of item], Brutus Coste Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.
World War, 1939-1945 --Diplomatic history
Paris Peace Conference (1946)
World War, 1939-1945 --Peace.
Anti-communist movements --United States
Romanians --United States
East Europeans --United States
Truth about Romania Committee
Civil rights --Romania
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945 --Romania
Romania --Foreign relations
||Born in Ciacova, Romania
||Member of the Romanian Diplomatic Service: Secretary and later Counselor of Romanian legations in Paris and London
||Also acted for a long time as charge d'affaires in the Romanian legations in Washington and Lisbon
|March 1945-February 1946
||Broke relations with the Communist-controlled Groza regime after it came to power in Romania
||Remained in control of the legation in Lisbon until the recognition by the Western powers of the communist government
||Secretary General of the unofficial delegation of Major Romanian political parties at the Paris Peace Conference
||Moved to New York
||Political advisor to General Nicolae Radescu, the last democratic Prime Minister of Romania
||Director of the International League for the Rights of Man, and representative of the organization to the U.N.
||Secretary General of the Assembly of Captive European Nations
||Staff Consultant to the Foreign Policy Research Institute of the University of Pennsylvania
||Special Assistant to the President of the Institute for American Strategy
||Associate Professor, then Professor Emeritus, of International Relations and World History at Fairleigh Dickinson University,
||Headed the Truth About Romania Committee since its inception
||Died in New York
Scope and Content Note
Brutus Coste's papers cover mainly the years he spent as an emigre in the U.S., during
the years 1947-1985. Both his writings and correspondence deal mostly with émigré
Of main importance are the materials related to the Assembly of Captive European Nations,
whose General Secretary Brutus Coste was for eleven years. The main message that Coste
addressed through the A.C.E.N. was a criticism of the Johnson Administration policy of
"building bridges" with Eastern European countries, which seemed to become more
independent of Moscow. Coste claimed (see files 1,3,8 in box 11; files 4,8,14,16,22 in
box 13) that American financial help only delayed liberalization and the fall of
communism. In his interviews (see box 1) and correspondence (see boxes 6-9 and 39), Coste
accuses the National Committee for a Free Europe (the sponsoring organization of both the
A.C.E.N. and Radio Free Europe) for his removal from the presidency of the A.C.E.N.
precisely because of his stance.
Also of great importance are the confidential reports sent to Romania by Coste from the
Romanian legations in London, Washington, and Lisbon, 1940-1947, concerning the financial
funds of the Romanian National Bank in the U.S; the financial transactions of the Swedish
Legation in Washington, which took over the Romanian interests in the U.S.; and Romania
between and after World War II. Among the recipients of his reports were Marshall Mihai
Antonescu, Alexandru Cretzianu, Cornel Bianu, and Vasile Gregorcea.
Of special interest are the materials related to Father Gheorghe Calciu Dumitreasa, who
was sentenced in 1979 to ten years of imprisonment for preaching religious freedom, after
having already been imprisoned sixteen years during the Stalinist period. This collection
contains records documenting the efforts of the Truth About Romania Committee, under the
chairmanship of Brutus Coste; of the Committee for the Defense of Rev. Gheorghe Calciu,
under the chairmanship of Mircea Eliade; and of the Committee of Intellectuals for a Free
Europe, under the chairmanship of Eugene Ionesco, for the priest's release from prison.
Finally, of specific importance are Coste's and Radescu's papers related to forced labor
in Romania (see files 1 in box 12 and box 20) and Coste's papers regarding the financial
terms of the armistice in 1946 (box 11).