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Guide to the Orange County Environmental Issues, Land Use, and Planning Collection
MS-R065  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • History
  • Chronology
  • Collection Scope and Content Summary
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Orange County environmental issues, land use, and planning collection,
    Date (inclusive): 1919-1973
    Date (bulk): (bulk 1960-1970)
    Collection number: MS-R065
    Creator: Orange County (Calif.). Board of Supervisors.
    Extent: 2.9 linear feet (5 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
    Repository: University of California, Irvine. Library. Special Collections and Archives.
    Irvine, California 92623-9557
    Abstract: The collection consists of correspondence, reports, court documents, minutes, photographs, and newspaper clippings documenting three major environmental and political issues in Orange County, California, in the 1960s: agricultural preserves, beach erosion, and redistricting. Primary creators and collectors of the documents include the Orange County Board of Supervisors and the Orange County Planning Commission. Documents illustrate political positions, public opinion, and law on land conservation and land use. Aerial photographs depict Pacific coastline erosion, and maps illustrate districting plans.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Preferred Citation

    Orange County Environmental Issues, Land Use, and Planning Collection. MS-R65. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California. Date accessed.
    For the benefit of current and future researchers, please cite any additional information about sources consulted in this collection, including permanent URLs, item or folder descriptions, and box/folder locations.

    Publication Rights

    Property rights reside with the University of California. Literary rights are retained by the creators of the records and their heirs. For permissions to reproduce or to publish, please contact the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Various officials from the Orange County Board of Supervisors donated records and publications to the UCI Libraries in the late 1970's. Most publications were cataloged in the Government Information Department; the present group of records was placed in the Department of Special Collections to receive archival handling.

    Processing History

    Processed by Laura Clark Brown in 1998.

    History

    Orange County, California is located on Southern California's Pacific coast between Los Angeles and San Diego Counties. The county was formally established in 1889 when the southern portion of Los Angeles County separated to become Orange County. The City of Santa Ana is the county seat, and Orange County is governed by a Board of Supervisors comprised of five elected officials, representing regional constituencies.
    Orange County was heavily agricultural prior to its inception and until the 1960s. Oranges were the primary cash crop, and other crops included lemons, lima beans, tomatoes, walnuts, peppers and beets. From the 1950s through the 1980s, Orange County experienced massive land development, urbanization, and a significant population increase. The completion of a network of freeways contributed to these phenomena, and the land development and the growth of new towns and cities diminished many of the orange groves and open fields of Orange County.
    Excessive development and overpopulation are long-standing, major issues in Orange County, and both coastal and environmental issues associated with development have played a major role in local politics and public policy, particularly in the post-World War II era

    Chronology

    1933 Orange County Harbor District established under the Harbor Improvements District Act.
    1963 Orange County Board of Supervisors authorized participation in the Federal Beach Erosion Control Project.
    Local Agency Formation Commission organized.
    1964 Phase 1 of Federal Beach Erosion Control Project.
    1965 California Land Conservation Act of 1965, also known as the Williamson Act.
    1966 California State Constitution amended, giving the legislature power to enact laws pertaining to open space.
    1967 California State Constitution amended to provide special tax privileges to preserve land for "the production of food and fiber ..."
    UCI-Project 21 Study Team on Coordination of Urban Planning organized.
    Phase 2 of Federal Beach Erosion Control Project.
    1968 Proposal for the dissolution of the Harbor District and replacement by a County Department of Harbors, Beaches and Parks.
    General and special district elections in Orange County.
    County Assessor Andrew J. Hinshaw presented findings on double taxation to the Local Agency Formation Commission.
    1969 Irvine Ranch and Rancho Mission Viejo agricultural preserves proposed and approved by the Orange County Board of Supervisors.
    1971 Following the 1970 census, Orange County reapportioned the supervisorial districts.
    1972 California Coastal Zone Conservation Act.
    1973 California legislature mandated open space and conservation elements in local general plans.

    Collection Scope and Content Summary

    The collection consists of correspondence, reports, court documents, minutes, photographs, and newspaper clippings documenting three major environmental and political issues in Orange County, California, in the 1960s: agricultural preserves, beach erosion and redistricting. Primary creators and collectors of the documents include the Orange County Board of Supervisors and the Orange County Planning Commission. Documents illustrate political positions, public opinion, and law on land conservation and land use. Aerial photographs depict Pacific coastline erosion, and maps illustrate districting plans.
    The collection is organized in three subject series: Agricultural Preserves; Beach Erosion; and Special Districts, Redistricting and Planning. Material were originally in three large binders with similar titles and presumably comprised research materials compiled by or for one or more members of the Orange County Board of Supervisors. Original order of the materials was retained, and it has no discernible logic.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Orange County (Calif.)--Orange County general plan.
    California--California Land Conservation Act of 1965.
    Agriculture--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Agriculture and politics--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Environmental policy--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Environmental protection--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Land use--Environmental aspects--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Land use--Law and legislation--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Regional planning--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Beach erosion--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Shore protection--California--Orange County--Archival resources.
    Orange County (Calif.)--Archival resources.

    Genres and Forms of Materials

    Maps--California--Orange County.
    Photographic prints--California--Orange County.