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Inventory of the Institute of Industrial Relations. University of California, Berkeley Records, 1888 to 1958 (Bulk: 1934 - 1958)
1990/081  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Introduction
  • History
  • Scope and Content

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Institute of Industrial Relations. University of California, Berkeley Records,
    Date (inclusive): 1888 to 1958
    Date (bulk): (Bulk: 1934 - 1958)
    Accession number: 1990/081
    Creator: Institute of Industrial Relations. University of California, Berkeley
    Extent: 10 cubic feet

    160 folders, 4 scrapbooks
    Repository: San Francisco State University. Labor Archives & Research Center
    San Francisco, California 94132
    Shelf location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Center's online catalog.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the Labor Archives & Research Center. All requests for permission to publish or quote from materials must be submitted in writing to the Director of the Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Labor Archives & Research Center as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Institute of Industrial Relations. University of California, Berkeley Records, 1990/081, Labor Archives & Research Center, San Francisco State University.

    Introduction

    This collection was donated to the Labor Archives and Research Center by the Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley, on November 6, 1990, and was processed by Carol Cuénod in 1995.

    History

    These records represent the diverse interests of the Institute of Industrial Relations and include arbitrations, records of employer associations, union publications, and a series of pamphlets from the Institute for Science and Labour in Japan. Many documents are stamped "Division of Industrial Relations, Graduate School of Business" (Stanford University). Paul Eliel was its director from 1936 until 1947 and his career is documented in these files.
    Paul Eliel was a management consultant, arbitrator and educator in California. From 1920 to 1936, he served as Director of Industrial Relations for the Industrial Association of San Francisco; from 1936 to 1947, he became a professor of industrial relations and director of the Division of Industrial Relations at Stanford University. A major component of his career during these years was his work as a labor arbitrator. Also significant was his service as chairman of the Pacific Coast Maritime Industry Board--a tripartite body that oversaw labor relations in the longshore industry during World War II. After Eliel left Stanford in 1947, and until his death in 1953, he was a management consultant to some of the largest corporations in California.
    The Industrial Association of San Francisco (IASF), the Pacific Coast Maritime Industry Board, and Eliel's service as an arbitrator are most represented in this collection. The IASF was organized in 1921 to represent the business community in its fight against unionization and labor's drive for the "closed shop." To this end, it actively promoted "The American Plan," which sought to outlaw the "closed shop" or "union shop." The IASF played a pivotal role in the 1934 Pacific Coast Maritime Strike aligning the Bay Area business community in support of the shipping and stevedoring companies represented by the Waterfront Employers Association. It was the IASF which spearheaded the drive to "Open the Port" which led to the strikes most brutal conflict. In 1934, Eliel wrote The Waterfront and General Strike, San Francisco, 1 934 which was published by the IASF.
    Other sections of this collection do not bear the stamp of Stanford's Graduate School of Business; it is assumed they were collected by the Institute of Industrial Relations from other sources.

    Scope and Content

    The collection includes arbitration files of Eliel's work as well as files of many other arbitrators, particularly those of Paul Sinsheimer. Documents from these arbitrations cover the years 1917 to 1949. Many of the arbitrated disputes included strikes so there is material in the series on strikes which deals with some of the same events. Both series have a significant number of cases from the maritime industry. Other series dealing with maritime labor relations are Series IV: Employer Associations which contains material on the Industrial Association of San Francisco and the Waterfront Employers Association.
    The material on the Industrial Ass'n of San Francisco dates from the year it was formed in 1921. There are files on employer complaints, a contract for strikebreakers, articles on economic conditions in San Francisco (1925 and 1934), correspondence and publications. The Waterfront Employers Ass'n files hold correspondence, publications, pamphlets, and agreements with various longshoremen's and seamen's unions. A researcher of maritime labor relations is advised to look at each of these series. A single document on the San Francisco Employers Council holds a draft proposal addressed to Roger Lapham, 1938, on how to structure that organization.
    Material from unions includes pamphlets from CIO unions published in the late 1940s, and two scrapbooks of clippings: one of articles covering labor in California, 1937 - 1941, (Series VI); the second reports organizing in Hawaii, 1937 - 1938, (Series VII).
    Two significant parts of this collection are 29 studies from the Institute of Labour and Science (Japan) which deal with a different aspect of workers' lives, 1931 - 1935. (See the list of titles in the Box/Folder List.) The second is a survey of the pulp and paper industry commissioned by the employer association and two union. It was prepared by the Pacific Coast Labor Bureau (Melnikof) in 1936 with supplements for 1937, 1939 and 1940.