Guide to the The Plan of St. Gall : production materials, 1967-1979

Department of Special Collections
Green Library
Stanford University Libraries
Stanford, CA 94305-6004
Phone: (650) 725-1022
Email: speccollref@stanford.edu
URL: http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/spc/
© 1999
The Board of Trustees of Stanford University. All rights reserved.

Guide to the The Plan of St. Gall : production materials, 1967-1979

Collection number: M0344

Department of Special Collections and University Archives

Stanford University Libraries

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Department of Special Collections
  • Green Library
  • Stanford University Libraries
  • Stanford, CA 94305-6004
  • Phone: (650) 725-1022
  • Email: speccoll@sulmail.stanford.edu
  • URL: http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/spc/
Processed by:
Special Collections staff
Date Completed:
ca. 1984
© 1999 The Board of Trustees of Stanford University. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: The Plan of St. Gall : production materials,
Date (inclusive): 1967-1979
Collection number: Special Collections M0344
Creator: Horn, Walter William, 1908-
Extent: 40 linear ft.
Repository: Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

None.

Publication Rights

Property rights reside with the repository. Literary rights reside with the creators of the documents or their heirs. To obtain permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Public Services Librarian of the Dept. of Special Collections.

Provenance

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Born, August 1981 and October 1985, and Lorna Price, 1984.

Preferred Citation:

[Identification of item] The Plan of St. Gall : production materials, M0344, Dept. of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

Biographical Note

Walter Horn, born January 18, 1908 in Waldangelloch, Germany, is a distinguished art historian specializing in medieval European art and architecture. In 1938 he began teaching at the University of California, Berkeley where he is now a professor emeritus.
Ernest Born, born in 1898 in San Francisco, CA, is a professional architect who was also professor of architecture at the University of California, Berkeley, 1953-1957. The authors previously collaborated on THE BARNS OF THE ABBY OF BEAULIEU AT ITS GRANGES OF GREAT COXWELL AND BEAULIEU-ST. LEONARD, University of California Press, 1965.

Scope and Content

The collection of production materials for The Plan of St. Gall is composed of materials formerly in the possession of the donors, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Born and Lorna Price. It is composed of A variety of materials representing numerous stages in the production of the three volume work. A great deal of the material is undated. Those which are dated range from 1967, during the early phases of the project, to just prior to publication at the end of 1979. They include research correspondence; corrected typescript; galley, page and reproduction proofs; illustrations, including original drawings, photographic reproductions and negatives, pasteups, cropping and placement instructions, and scales; design and production materials, including layouts, press sheets, studies and proofs for the binding calligraphy and endpapers, and minor miscellaneous materials; publicity and advertising materials; and a certificate of commendation from the University of California Press.
The collection focuses not on the research which was undertaken to produce the intellectual content of the work but emphasizes the meticulous and exacting process of producing the volumes which present the results of research. Development of the book design may be traced from the designers blueprint schematic layouts, through the interconnected states of planning layouts, page designs and proofs, to the final, unbound signatures. Additional elements of the book arts are represented by the studies and proofs for the binding calligraphy and endpapers. The collection materials also suggest something of the relationships between author, editor, and printer and the interplay required of their respective functions. Even post-press stages are represented by the examples of publicity and advertising and the certificate of commendation.
Some development of text may be traced through the stages of typescript, galley, page and, finally, reproduction proofs. There are, indeed, many relatively minor but interesting changes which may be followed. Utilizing the finished volumes as an index, the development of an individual page may be traced, problem areas identified, and the judgment of the designer or author observed. It is the design material, however, which provides the more complete illustration of the stages and states involved in a project of this kind and which is the principal strength of the collection.
Unfortunately, the collection is not complete. Research and correspondence are quite minor. Corrected typescript and proofs are present for each volume, some in several states, but the first state manuscript which was heavily rewritten, is not included. The graphic and design materials are also incomplete, since every drawing or pasteup represented in the finished work is present. The materials included, however, should be considered of especial interest.
The page layouts in their several forms illustrate Born's concern for and involvement with the most minute details of the design. They are typically covered with annotations and directions for the printer. Handwritten notes are often attached to the individual pages. The layouts may, indeed, have been the principal means of editing during the latter states of the project.
Born used drawings, pasteups, and a few photo reproductions in illustrating St. Gall. His original drawings are fine examples of his considerable and acknowledged skill as a graphic artist. His pasteups are fascinating examples of the complexity and finesse which can be required in printing illustrations. Most are ingenious composites of several media where details are often highlighted or altered by layers of transparent overlays.
The miscellaneous series, though small, does contain advertising and publicity materials as well as a certificate of commendation printed by Lawton Kennedy and presented to Czeslaw Jan Grycz from the Press.

ORGANIZATION OF THE RECORDS

The collection is organized into the following series and subseries; research correspondence; text, consisting of typescript and proofs; illustrations for the text, including drawings, photographic reproductions and negatives, pasteups, crop and placement instructions, and graphic scales; design and production materials, containing layouts in several stages and formats, binding calligraphy studies and proofs, and endpaper studies and proofs; and a small group of miscellaneous items including advertising and publicity materials and a certificate of commendation.
Materials are, where appropriate, arranged numerically by page or figure number within their series and subseries reflecting their location in the finished volumes. When materials exist in more than one state they are either grouped within that state and labeled, as the galley proofs have been labeled, or they are interfield by page number with the earliest state first. The page proofs and page designs have been arranged in this manner. Because the materials in the collection vary so greatly in size items in the same series may be filed in more than one location. The outline of the collection contents should ease any initial confusion which this may cause. The finished volumes themselves act as an index for accessing the collection and should be used to locate specific pages and/or illustrations.

The Plan of St. Gall

THE PLAN
On Christmas Day 1979 the University of California Press published Walter Horn and Ernest Born's The Plan of St. Gall after a fifteen year gestational period. The three volume work, subtitled a study of the architecture and economy of, and life in a paradigmatic Carolingian monastery, is based on the early ninth century parchment known as the Plan of St. Gall, one of the great cultural and historical documents of Western civilization. Possibly the sole surviving architectural drawing between late antiquity and the Gothic period, it was to influence both secular and monastic design and construction for centuries. The Plan itself is a ninth century schematic groundplan, traced in red ink on a 30.5" × 44" sheet of vellum, delineating an ideal Carolingian monastic complex. Inscriptions in brown ink identify the functions of each building in the drawing. A dedicatory inscription informs the reader that the Plan was drawn at the request of Abbot Gozbert, abbot of the monastery of St. Gall from 816 to 836. A national treasure, the Plan now rests in the Stiftsbibliothek, St. Gall, Switzerland.
The product of the intellectual elite of the Age of Charlemagne and part of a general movement of monastic reform in the ninth century, the Plan depicts as a groundplan an ideal, autonomous monastic community. Most likely a ninth century copy of a document produced by the two synods held at Aachen in 816 and 817, it was not intended to represent a single, specific monastic complex. Rather, the Plan was meant to act as a prototypic model and planning guide. Adaptations for individual site characteristics were undoubtedly necessary and anticipated by the designers. It almost certainly provided the form for the ninth century reconstruction of the abbey of St. Gall in Switzerland in whose library the original plan now rests.
The Plan was first and foremost the materialization of a utopian vision of an efficient, liturgically sound, productive, and self-perpetuating community of individuals. It was, according to the authors, a fully transferable building plan, intended to not only standardize monastic architecture and community planning but to also participate in the general reform of the Benedictine Rule encouraged by Charlemagne. Horn and Born maintain that the Plan provides a remarkable illustration of the drive toward a linguistic, religious, and political unity sought in the Carolingian age. They summerize the artifact by stating that it gathers, as in a lens, an image of the whole of Carolingian life.
The Plan has itself been the subject of some controversy since it's rediscovery by Henricus Canisius in 1604. In 1844 the first published interpretation of the buildings was attempted in a monograph by Ferdinand Keller. Keller's study and subsequent ones by Robert Willis (1848), Albert Lenoir (1852), and Leclerq (1924) were neither free of error or omissions, but represent the beginning of a profound and lasting fascination which the Plan has held for medievalists in many disciplines.
THE WORK
The authors subjected both the Plan itself and contemporary evidence to intense examination and analysis, focusing not only on the possible physical natures of the structures delineated by the groundplan, but also on their probable functions and underlying cultural, religious, and sociological bases. Their reconstruction of the complex is thus both intellectual and visual, philosophical and physical.
Their work presents not only a possible reconstruction of the monastic structures, but also of the monastic economy -- the daily, indeed hourly, activities which took place within those structures. Proportional principles manifested in the St. Gall plan are emphasized by the inclusion of an appendix by A. Hunter Dupree, The Significance of the Plan of St. Gall to the History of Measurement. The authors also include a section devoted to three important translations. The first is a translation and paleographic analysis by Bernard Bischoff of the explanatory inscriptions on the Plan itself, calligraphic inscriptions which reveal the probable scriptorial origin of the ninth century copy. The second and third are translations by Charles W. Jones of two monastic management manuals: the brief Constitution of Ansegis, Abbot of Fontanella (823-833); and the Consuetudines Corbeienses by Abbot Adalhard of Corbie (753-826), a treatise on administration so learned and profound that it's counterparts in the secular world would Have been found only in the highest levels of government at the Imperial court.
THE AUTHORS
Both the authors and editor came to the St. Gall project with backgrounds and experience which permitted a successful collaboration. Walter Horn, (1908-), was born in Waldangelloch, Germany and studied art history at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, and Hamburg between 1926 and 1933. Between 1934 and 1937 he was a postdoctoral research associate at the German Institute of Art in Florence. A student of Erwin Panofsky, Horn has described his own scholarly life as a long preoccupation with processes of cultural transformation deriving from interaction of classical concepts with northern elements in medieval art. Leaving Germany in 1938, he was invited to teach at the University of California, Berkeley. He remained at Berkeley as professor of art history until 1974, taking time out to serve in the U.S. Army from 1944-1946. The recipient of numerous honors and awards, he has continued to retain his connection with the university as professor emeritus.
Ernest Born, (1898-), was born in San Francisco and studied architecture at U.C. Berkeley under John Galen Howard. After a years travel in Europe on scholarship, part of which was spent at the American School of Fountainebleau, he returned to New York and worked for the distinguished architects Gehron and Ross, and Arthur Loomis Harmon. He also worked on special projects with Corbett, Harrison and McMurray. During the 1930s he worked as art director for the Architectural Record and later served on the editorial staff of Architectural Forum. Born returned to San Francisco in the late 30s, established his own practice, and from 1939 to 1940 worked on numerous buildings and design problems for the Golden Gate International Exposition on Treasure Island. Spending the war years in Manaus, Brazil, he worked with architect Gardner Dailey. After World War II he resumed his practice and from 1953 to 1957 was Professor of Architecture at U.C. Berkeley. During this period he designed additions and alterations to the Greek Theatre on the Berkeley campus and began his long and productive relationship with Walter Horn. During the 1960s he also served as a consultant to the Bay Area Rapid Transit district. He has served on the San Francisco Art Commission under several mayors and has been the recipient of a Guggenheim fellowship as well as other honors.
Like the authors, editor Lorna Price has also had a long association with U.C. Berkeley. A background in art history led her to the University and to the Press where as an editor she acquired considerable experience and expertise in dealing with scholarly works. Prior to St. Gall, she had also edited several other volumes in the California Studies in the History of Art series. Price was, therefore, well acquainted with Walter Horn before beginning work on the St. Gall project. In addition to her work for the Press she has edited numerous exhibition catalogs for both the University Art Museum and other museums, and authored The Plan of St. Gall in Brief, (1982) an overview of the finished three volumes. Price was editor in 1983 of the U.C. Press serial, Representations, and remains a liaison with the Press. She currently resides in Washington and is Senior Editor, History of Art Department, U.C. Berkeley.
The collaboration between these individuals was very close on all necessary to frequently revise their research needs as new lines of thought, new areas of research, and the implications of their own investigations presented themselves. In 1967 they submitted a 1000 page manuscript with some preliminary artwork to the Press. The next thirteen years were occupied with revisions and all the complexities and minutiae involved in the design and printing of a fine pressing of this size and scope.
Points of divergent opinion concerning the Plan are, as in any field, numerous. Those which seem to have attracted the most attention appear to focus on 1) the origins of the Plan itself as an artifact, 2) whether the Plan was a schematic diagram or a true building plan, 3) the importance of the document for questions concerning the history of medieval vernacular construction, 4) the relationship of the Plan to the monastic reform movements of the ninth century, 5) the derivation and true nature of specific design elements in specific structures, and, 6) perhaps most importantly, the Plan's dimensional inconsistencies and presumptive scale (or `scales').
Horn and Born have examined these issues and more throughout the three volumes of the work. They never intended to silence all controversy, and impossible task in any case. They have, however, argued their positions most persuasively. The paleographic analysis of the inscriptions and the revelations they make concerning the authorship and origins of the document seem to have satisfied many in the field. The authors have also convincingly argued that the Plan is not only a schematic, but is a true, transferable building plan, drawn to a consistant scale, intended to guide construction and establish norms for monastic planning. Spiro Kostof, in his review of the work, believes that this is Horn's great contribution to the scholarship of the plan. The authors also illustrate the acceptance and persistance in Western monastic construction during the succeeding centuries of the standards established in the Plan.
In addition to these findings other major contributions made by the work are considered to be 1) the reconstruction of the buildings aspects of the project. Communication within the group was almost daily, either in person or by telephone. Horn and Price did, in fact, share office space for some time in the art history department at Berkeley. Horn remained largely responsible for the text while Born concentrated on the supporting illustrations and design of the volumes. Price worked closely with both authors who frequently praise her skills and efforts both publically, in the finished volumes, and in their private correspondence.
THE ST. GALL PROJECT
Impetus for the project originated in 1957 with work undertaken by Horn on the development of the medieval timbered hall. Horn was also known within the scholarly community to have long had an especial interest in the Plan of St. Gall. In 1963 he was approached by Dr. Wolfgang Braunfels with the project of designing and constructing a scale model based on the Plan for the 1965 Council of Europe exhibition Karl der Grosse in Aachen. Architect Ernest Born, who had been working jointly with Horn since 1960, jointed the project, collaborating and executing drawings illustrating Horn's findings and working with Carl Bertil Lund and Siegfried Karshunke on the scale model. Horn and Born had, in fact, been working for some time together on material concerning Northern European vernacular architecture and thus on questions directly related to the Plan of St. Gall. A significant amount of research later utilized in the three volumes had, in fact, been collected for and presented in their Barns of the Abbey of Beaulieu at Its Granges of Great Coxwell and Beaulieu-St. Leonards (1965).
Stimulated by the investigation initiated for Aachen, the authors continued their work and found that, as is so often the case in research, more questions were generated than conclusions developed. Horn and Born have both been known for a scrupulous attention to detail and catholic methods of research. As work proceeded they found it delineated on the Plan, particularly the non-claustral structures, according to Horn's findings in the field of Northern European vernacular architectue, 2) the detailed reconstruction and illuminatin of the daily activities within the monastic complex and it's relationship to the contemporary reform movements, and 3) the profound influence on the Plan of the principals of square schematism, a modular, pythagorean system of design native to Northern European timber cnstruction, which the authors maintain is the intrinsic and guiding principle in the document. The work graphically illustrates Horn's theory that the Germanic timber house is the natural source for the aisled bay system in Carolingian and later medieval churches. This is in opposition to the previously dominant theory of a purely Mediterranean source. Kostof maintains that this thesis is a major contribution to architectural history and one of the most important offering of this extraordinary book.
THE PRESS
When the authors originally conceived of the project they estimated that it would require approximately three to four years to complete. It was originally presented to and accepted by the Press on this basis. The extent of the difficulties awaiting to be encountered, difficulties which would eventually lengthen the production time to fifteen years, were not anticipated. The project had a number of characteristics which initially favored it's publication by the U.C. Press. Horn's reputation in this field of study was considerable. He had also successfully collaborated previously with Ernest Born on similar material. Horn had also virtually established the Department of the History of Art at U.C. Berkeley as well as founding and acting as general editor of the series of which St. Ga.. is a part, California Studies in the History of Art. The work was clearly a natural choice for inclusion in the series.
The St. Gall project was, however, to be beset by delays, conflicts between the authors and the publishers, and financing difficulties which were continually acerbated by the ever-rising costs inevitable for a project, originally budgeted for three to four years, which eventually required fifteen. Horn and Born periodically wrote articles on various aspects of the Plan which informed the art community of its progress. Seven were published between 1965 and 1979. But completion of the major work continued at its own pace, plagued with its own difficulties.
The unforeseen expansion of the St. Gall project caused considerable concern at the Press throughout it's history. Numerous attempts were made by Press administration to either restrict the size and scope or contain the expansion of the work but the author resisted the attempts. Conflicts rose, were resolved, and redeveloped. Tempers flared, subsided, then flared again. The struggle to maintain the original vision of the project was constant.
The project was also somewhat singular in that the authors assumed far more control over the production of the work than is usually found in publishing. The traditional lines of responsibility were decidedly altered. This was particularly true concerning the design of the volumes which was almost entirely dominated by Born. Conflicts rose quite early in the project from these perceived territorial annexations and were to continue through it's latter stages.
Funding was a major, continual problem. Support was solicited from private individuals, foundations such as the Zellerbach Fund, Pro Helvetia, and the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, as well as from the Swiss government. The project has been estimated to have finally cost the Press approximately half a million dollars and to have spanned two generations of Press management. August Fruge was Director of the Press when the project was first accepted and Conrad Mollath, Manager of Production. Fruge retired in 1978 but appointed Czeslaw Jan Grycz to succeed the retiring Mollath as Manager before he left. James Clark was soon appointed new Director of the Press.
Type for the publication was set principally by William Clowes, Ltd., London, with additional work by Halle-Cordes, San Francisco, as the project neared completion. The books were printed by Southeastern Printing Company, whose president, Leo Hussey, acted as a technical consultant along with the noted printer, Charles Wood. George Waters, well known for his expertise in photolithography, assisted with the preparation of the graphics. Further details concerning the production may be found in Born's extensive and revealing colophon in volume III.
REVIEWS AND AWARDS
The Plan of St. Gall was almost immediately labeled a classic and praised not only as an exceptional piece of scholarship, but also as a superlative example of the book arts. Eight major awards were received for scholarship, bookmaking, and typography. In 1982 the authors also received a medal from the American Institute of Architects given to individuals or organizations for specific projects related to architecture.
Francois Bucher, in his review of the work in the March 1981 issue of the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, maintained that Horn and Born offered the first conclusive insights into the St. Gall plan published in English. Spiro Kostof, in his Art Bulletin review of June 1981, provided what is, perhaps, the best expression of the general professional reaction to the finished volumes. He described the publication as a mountainous work of wisdom and beauty that should galvanize medieval studies and set up a glowing paradigm for what architectural history can be, visually and intellectually. Kostof labeled the work a triumph of bookmaking, noting in his review that the quality of it's design has already been compared to William Morris's `Kelmscott Chaucer' of 1844 and Oxford's `Lectern Bible' of 1936. Higher praise for book design could hardly be made.

Series Description

Box 1

Series I: RESEARCH CORRESPONDENCE, 1972-1979

Scope and Content Note

Despite the many years of research devoted to this project research and correspondence form an almost insignificant part of the collection. The notes and research material included are really quite minor. The correspondence, while revealing of working relationships, is relatively small when considering the great length of time involved in the work. The nature of the collaboration between the authors and their editor seems to have eliminated the need for much of the conventional correspondence expected with such a project. All three worked very closely together with almost daily interaction, either in person or by telephone. Walter Horn and Lorna Price did, in fact, share office space for some time in the art history department of U.C. Berkeley. And much of the later collaborative work between Price and Born on design took place in Born's San Francisco home/studio. Brief notes from all three individuals frequently appear on proofs and layouts which were apparently circulated among the principals. Working meetings between Horn, Born and Price were apparently held almost weekly and were a major means of communication, composition and revision. Communication was, thus, to a great extent verbal and, therefore, undocumented. Correspondence in this series includes material by Born, Clowes, Grycz, Norma Farquhar, Horn, Price, and the advertising firm of Wilton, Coombs and Colnett.
 

Series II: TEXT 1972-1979.

Scope and Content Note

This series contains material related to the development of St. Gall' s textual content. It includes, therefore, corrected typescript and four types of proofs. Since the heavily rewritten first manuscript has unfortunately been lost the genesis of the text is not to be found in this collection. Despite these deficiencies, however, some evolution in the text can be followed via the typescript and the various proof states. Most of the proofs are edited. Many are, in fact, replete with messages, notations and corrections, some of which are corrections of content. It is within this limited context that the reader may observe an evolution of the text.
Box (Boxes 1-4

A. Corrected Typescript

Scope and Content Note

Typescript for volume I includes several pages of text, galley corrections and footnotes and most of the captions; for volume II, most of the text, some galley corrections and footnotes and most of the captions; for volume III, most of the text for its various parts as well as three states of appendix I and two states of appendix II.
Box (Boxes 4-12, OS 1

B. Proofs

Scope and Content Note

Galley proofs for volume I include states from 1970, 1971, and 1973/75. Galleys for volume II include states from 1970/71 and 1973. Volume III is represented by single state galleys for appendix I, the glossary, the bibliography, and the chronology and range from 1975 to 1979. Galleys are limited for volume III since the manuscript for this volume was set directly in page proof.
Page proofs for volume I, largely undated, range from 1974 to 1978. The bulk of the proofs probably date from 1977. Volume II page proofs are also essentially undated but since they incorporate captions can be assumed to be later state proofs. Volume III page proofs range from 1973 but significant numbers also bear stamped dates from 1974 and 1979.
The reproduction proofs for all three volumes are undated but are among the final stages of the printing process. In contrast to the earlier proofs the reproduction proofs are largely unedited.
Possible final state (?) proofs include a small number of untrimmed page proofs, several uncut and incomplete signatures, and a small group of what appear to be cut signatures ready for binding. All are undated, uncorrected, and obviously from the latter stages of the project.
 

Series III: ILLUSTRATIONS FOR TEXT, 1975-1979.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains much of the material utilized for illustrations, including many of Ernest Born's original drawings; photographic reproductions, negatives and color plates; cropping and placement instructions; graphic scales; and Born's ingenious pasteups composed of several different materials. Most of the illustrations are in their final state and camera ready. their development cannot, therefore, in most cases be traced. They are, however, superb examples of architectural illustration and attest to Born's considerable gifts as an artist and illustrator. Since they range radically in size, illustration material occurs in three different arrangements depending upon the size of the item. Dates which may be assumed to be completion dates are usually stamped on the material and range from 1974 to 1979.
Box (Boxes 13-14, OS 2-3

A. Drawings

Scope and Content Note

Drawings, either in pen and ink or pencil, are included for all three volumes. They occur in two different size ranges and utilize a number of different grounds.
Box (Boxes 7-12, 15, unboxed roll

B. Photographic Reproductions

Scope and Content Note

Reproductions include both photographs and contact prints from all three volumes. They occur in four different size ranges and include the oversize reproduction of the Plan itself.
Box (Boxes 7, 12, 15

C. Negatives and Color Plates

Scope and Content Note

This is a rather small subseries which includes negatives and color field plates for five different illustrations found in volume I. They occur in three different size ranges.
Box (Boxes 15-18, OS 4-5

D. Pasteups

Scope and Content Note

Pasteups occur in two size ranges and include illustrations from all three volumes. They allowed Born to repeat images with perfect consistancy while shifting focus to sections of or details in the image. They usually consist of contact prints affixed to a ground with one or more transparent plastic overlays hinged with tape.
Box 12

E. Cropping and Placement Instructions for Detailed Segments

Scope and Content Note

This is a minor subseries which includes a small number of detail segments from volume III, appendix I, and contain Born's comments and instructions concerning their placement on the page.
Box (Boxes 7, 10

F. Graphic Scales

Scope and Content Note

This is another minor subseries which contains material used for supporting the illustrations in the publication. Included is a set of graduated scales used by Born as an aid in regulating the relative size of an illustration on a page. The scales could be applied to any illustration and Born made many copies of each size. They are often discussed by Born in his concern for the balance and proportions of a particular page design. Also included is another group of scales, larger in size than the first, which are labeled for specific illustrations.
 

Series IV: DESIGN AND PRODUCTION MATERIALS, 1968-1979.

Scope and Content Note

The primary strength of the collection lies in the illustration which it provides of the many phases involved in the design and printing of a great book. These design materials consist of layouts, including two planning layouts for paging, page designs, proofs, and a few relatively minor but interesting materials utilized in the design and printing process; and studies and proofs for the binding calligraphy and endpapers. Most of the layouts provide important instructions and/or comments for the typesetter, printer and proofreaders and provided opportunities for additional editing when necessary.
Box (Boxes 7, 19-32, OS

A. Layouts

Scope and Content Note

The schematic layouts range in date from 1968 to 1973. They are the earliest design materials in the collection and were produced by Born as an initial means of testing the subtle balances and arrangements in the designs of his pages. Born began producing them before the typescript was even set in galley and most carry one or more revision dates.
Of the two planning layouts for paging the first is rough and preliminary. It is a working tool, containing numerous revisions and alterations and bears the stamped dates of both 1974 and 1975. Both layouts were utilized as a means of visualizing the work as a whole, page by page. The second, though undated, is most likely later than the first and not a working copy. It is a finished version which was probably intended for an editorial or publishing committee presentation.
The page designs, pasteups utilizing cannibalized galleys, proofs, typescript, manuscript, and occasionally original drawing, are especially interesting as examples of the meticulous care and detail invested in the work. It was at this stage that true mock-ups of the individual pages were produced. In this form the design was further refined, spacing checked and rechecked, and artwork finally lifted to place on the page. These may also be the dummys mentioned in the editor's inventory of bookmaking artifacts. The collection contains a near complete representation for all three volumes. Many appear in two or more states. Most states have also been further revised and annotated. Volume I designs date from both 1974 and 1976. Volume II carries dates from 1975, 1976 and 1978. A xerox set of volume II is dated in both 1974 and 1975. Volume III bears dates from 1973, 1974, 1978 and 1979. These designs were sent to Clowes for further revision of the typography. They provide what are, perhaps, the most visual and certainly the most vivid illustrations in the collection of page development as a design problem.
The proofs include proof tests for headings, display, paging, and paper makeup. The small group of minor materials include a small number of notes concerning production and layout, Lorna Price's inventory of bookmaking artifacts, and tally sheets of page makeup adjustments.
Box 31

B. Binding Calligraphy Studies and Proofs

Scope and Content Note

Included in this small subseries are Born's studies for the style and placement of lettering found on the spines of the volumes as well as final proofs of his calligraphy.
Box (OS 1

C. Endpaper Studies and Proofs

Scope and Content Note

Included in this minor subseries are Born's studies for St. Gall' s endpapers. Each volume presents the design in a different color. Proof sheets are included for each of the three colors.
 

Series V: MISCELLANEOUS, 1978.

Scope and Content Note

Those miscellaneous items in the collection include publicity and advertising materials and a certificate of commendation from the U.C. Press.
Box (Boxes 7, 12, OS 1

A. Publicity and Advertising

Scope and Content Note

Materials include typescript for the promotional prospectus, the prospectus itself, and proof sheets for an announcement of an exhibit illustrating the project which was mounted in 1979. The prospectus is highly recommended as a source of additional, detailed information on the printing processes utilized in the work and as a useful introduction to the volumes for those unfamiliar with the authors and the Plan of St. Gall project.
Box 12

B. Certificate of Commendation

Scope and Content Note

Consists of a certificate of commendation printed by Lawton Kennedy and presented to Czeslaw Jan Grycz from the University of California Press upon the completion of the St. Gall project.

Container List

 

SERIES I: RESEARCH CORRESPONDENCE

Box 1, Folder 1

Born, Ernest, Jan. 1972-Aug. 1979

Box 1, Folder 2

Clowes, William & Sons Ltd., Aug. 75-Jan. 79

Box 1, Folder 3

Crycz, Czeslaw Jan, Jan. 78-Feb. 79

Box 1, Folder 4

Farquhar, Norma Aug. 7, 1978

Box 1, Folder 5

Horn, Walter 1975-1978, n.d.

Box 1, Folder 6

Price, Lorna Jan. 74-Sept. 79, n.d.

Box 1, Folder 7

Wilton, Coombs & Colnett, inc. (advertising firm) Oct.-Nov., 1979

Box 1, Folder 8

Misc. Sept. 75, n.d.

 

SERIES II: TEXT

Box 1, Folder 9

Table of Contents (proposed makeup of the work) 1972

Box 1, Folder 10

running heads 1972, n.d.

Box 1, Folder 11

Vol. I, preliminaries and text 1977, n.d.

Box 1, Folder 12-13

Vol. I, galley corrections

Box 1, Folder 14

Vol. I, footnotes, p. 103 1975

Box 1, Folder 15-20

Vol. I, captions and notes

Box 1, Folder 21-22

Vol. II, text

Box 2, Folder 1-4

Vol. II, text

Box 2, Folder 5

Vol. II, galley corrections

Box 2, Folder 6-7

Vol. II, footnotes

Box 2, Folder 8-16

Vol. II, captions and notes

Box 3, Folder 1-3

Vol. II, captions and notes, 11/10/77

Box 3, Folder 4-5

Vol. III, text, pp. V-XXXII, 7/10/73

Box 3, Folder 6

Vol. III, text, Appendix I, early superceded version, 1970/73

Box 3, Folder 7

Vol. III, text, Appendix I, preface, revised, undated

Box 3, Folder 8-9

Vol. III, text, Appendix I, final version Feb. 14, 1979

Box 3, Folder 10

Vol. III, text, Appendix II, 1971/72version

Box 3, Folder 11

Vol. III, text, Appendix II, revised, final version?

Box 3, Folder 12

Vol. III, text, Appendix III, 1970/71version

Box 3, Folder 13

Vol. III, text, Glossary, Nov. 13, 1975

Box 3, Folder 14

Vol. III, text, Bibliography, Sept. 21, 1978

Box 3, Folder 15

Vol. III, text, Chronology, introduction and column 3, May 23, 1979

Box 3, Folder 16

Vol. III, text, Index, selected pages, early version, Aug. 24, 1972

Box 4, Folder 1-4

Vol. III, text, index, later version, Mar. 15, 1979

Box 4, Folder 5-7

Vol. III, text, corrigenda and errata, colophon, additions for signed editions, 1979

Box 4, Folder 8

Vol. III, footnotes

Box 4, Folder 9-10

Vol. III, captions and notes, Feb., 1974 -Feb., 1979, May 8, 1978

 

Proofs

Box 4, Folder 11-16

Galley proofs, Vol. I, 1970version

Box 5, Folder 1-7

Galley proofs, Vol. I, 1971version

Box 5, Folder 8-13

Galley proofs, Vol. I, 1973/75version

Box 6, Folder 1-5

Galley proofs, Vol. II, 1970/71version

Box 6, Folder 6-10

Galley proofs, Vol. II, 1973version

Box 6, Folder 11

Galley proofs, Vol. II, sample caption, 1973version

Box 6, Folder 12

Galley proofs, Vol. III, Appendix I, pp. 61 & 63. Date unknown

Box 6, Folder 13

Galley proofs, Vol. III, Glossary, pp. 142-166, 1975version

Box 6, Folder 14

Galley proofs, Vol. III, Bibliography, pp. 167-200, 1978,revised version

Box 6, Folder 15

Galley proofs, Vol. III, Chronology, pp. 202-220, 1979version

Box 7, Folder 1

Galley proofs, Vol. III. Bibliography. Xerox reduced set with additional corrections, 4/4/79

Box 7, Folder 2

Page proofs, Vols. I-III. Untrimmed, final version? n.d.

Box 7, Folder 3

Signatures, Vols. I-III. Uncut and incomplete, final version? 1978

Box 7, Folder 4-7

Unbound material, Vols. I-III, final version

 

SERIES III: ILLUSTRATIONS FOR TEXT

 

Photographic Reproductions

Box 7, Folder 8

Vol. I 1975-1979

Box 7, Folder 9

Vol. II 1976-1978

Box 7, Folder 10

Vol. III 1978

 

Negatives and Color Plates

Box 7, Folder 11

Vol. I 1975

 

Graphic Scales

Box 7, Folder 12

Set of graduated scales 1975-1978

 

SERIES IV: DESIGN AND PRODUCTION MATERIALS

 

Layouts

Box 7, Folder 13

Misc. notes concerning production and layout. Includes editors' inventory of bookmaking artifacts. 1978-79

 

SERIES V: MISCELLANEOUS

 

Publicity and Advertising

Box 7, Folder 14

Prospectus typescript 1978

 

SERIES II: TEXT (Mid-sized materials)

Box 8, Folder 1-5

Page proofs, Vol. I

Note

note: for Vol. II page proofs see oversize materials, drawer 2
Box 9, Folder 1-8

Page proofs, Vol. III

Box 10, Folder 1-5

Reproduction proofs, Vol. I

Box 11, Folder 1-5

Reproduction proofs, Vol. II

Box 12, Folder 1-3

Reproduction proofs, Vol. III

 

SERIES III: ILLUSTRATIONS FOR TEXT (Mid-sized materials)

 

Photographic Reproductions

Box 12, Folder 4

Vol. I

Box 12, Folder 5

Vol. II

Box 12, Folder 6

Vol. III

 

Negatives and Color Plates

Box 12, Folder 7

Vol. I

 

Cropping and Placement Instructions for Detail Segments

Box 12, Folder 8

Vol. III

 

SERIES V: MISCELLANEOUS ((Mid-sized materials)

 

Publicity and Advertising

Box 12, Folder 9

Prospectus

 

Certificate of Commendation

Box 12, Folder 10

Certificate

 

SERIES III: ILLUSTRATIONS FOR TEXT (Large-sized materials)

 

Drawings

Box 13, Folder 1-3

Vol. I, 1976-78

Box 13, Folder 4

Vol. II, 1976-78

Box 14, Folder 1-2

Vol. II, 1976

Box 14, Folder 3

Vol. III

 

Photographic Reproductions

Box 15, Folder 1

Vol. I 1981

Box 15, Folder 2

Vol. II 1977

 

Negatives and Color Plates

Box 15, Folder 3

9 16×20 negatives of sectional copy of facsimile and a guide to their order

 

Pasteups

Box 15, Folder 4

Vol. I, 1975-77

Box 16, Folder 1-2

Vol. I, 1975-77

Box 17, Folder 1

Vol. I, 1975-78

Box 17, Folder 2

Vol. II, 1975-78

Box 18, Folder 1-2

Vol. II, 1976-78

Box 18, Folder 3

Vol. III, 1978-79

 

Graphic Scales

Box 18, Folder 4

Scales associated with specific illustrations, 1976-78

 

SERIES IV: DESIGN AND PRODUCTION MATERIALS

 

Layouts (Large-sized materials)

Box 19, Folder 1

Designers blueprint schematic layouts, headings

Box 19, Folder 2

Designers blueprint schematic layouts, Vol. I, dates include 1968, 69, 72, and 1973

Box 19, Folder 3

Designers blueprint schematic layouts, Vol. II, dates included.

Box 19, Folder 4-7

Designers blueprint schematic layouts, Vol. III, dates included.

Box 20, Folder 1

Preliminary planning layout for paging, Vol. III, Bibliography, 1974-75

Box 20, Folder 2

Presentation planning layout of the work. Undated.

Box 21

Page designs, Vol. I, pp. 1-59

Box 22

Page designs, Vol. I, pp. 60-199

Box 23

Page designs, Vol. I, 200-356

Box 24

Page designs, Vol. II, pp. 1-99

Box 25

Page designs, Vol. II, pp. 100-199

Box 26

Page designs, Vol. II, pp. 200-279

Box 27

Page designs, Vol. II, pp. 280-360

Box 28

Page designs, Vol. III, pp. 1-89

Box 29

Page designs, Vol. III, pp. 90-139

Box 30

Page designs, Vol. III, pp. 140-189

Box 31

Page designs, Vol. III, pp. 190-268

 

Binding Calligraphy Studies and Proofs (Large-sized materials)

Box 31, Folder 1

Designer studies and proofs

 

Layouts (Mid-sized materials)

Box 32, Folder 1

Rough, preliminary planning layout for paging, Vol. I

Box 32, Folder 2

Rough, preliminary planning layout for paging, Vol. II

Box 32, Folder 3-9

Xerox copy set of page designs, Vol. II

Box 32, Folder 10

Proof tests for headings, display, paper makeup, misc., pages in vols. I-III

Box 32, Folder 11

Misc. cut and pasted page proofs and studies

Box 32, Folder 12

Tally sheets of page makeup adjustments

 

OVERSIZED MATERIALS

 

SERIES II: TEXT

 

Corrected Typescript

Box OS1, Folder 1

Encapsulated typescript, Vol. III, Chronology and Index study

 

Proofs

Box OS1, Folder 2-6

Page proofs, Vol. II, 1972

Box OS1, Folder 7

Page proofs, Vol. III, Appendix III, early version. Corrected by Dupree

 

SERIES IV: DESIGN AND PRODUCTION MATERIALS

 

Endpapers

Box OS1, Folder 8-9

Studies and proofs, 1977-80

 

SERIES V: MISCELLANEOUS

 

Publicity and Advertising

Box OS1, Folder 10

Proof sheets announcing 1979 exhibit. 1978

 

SERIES III: ILLUSTRATIONS FOR TEXT

 

Drawings

Box OS2, Folder 1-2

Vol. I, 1975-76

Box OS2, Folder 3

Vol. II, 1978

Box OS3, Folder 1-3

Vol. II, 1975-77

Box OS3, Folder 4

Vol. III, n.d.

 

Pasteups

Box OS4, Folder 1-3

Vol. I

Box OS5, Folder 1-3

Vol. I

Box OS5, Folder 4

Vol. III

Oversized Unboxed (Extra-large

The Plan, photoreproduction of original.