Inventory of the Abel Stearns Papers, Collection III , 1817-1878 (bulk 1825-1831)

Processed by Brooke M. Black; machine-readable finding aid created by Xiuzhi Zhou
Manuscripts Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2203
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
© 1998
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the Abel Stearns Papers, Collection III, 1817-1878 (bulk 1825-1831)

The Huntington Library



San Marino, California

Contact Information

  • Manuscripts Department
  • The Huntington Library
  • 1151 Oxford Road
  • San Marino, California 91108
  • Phone: (626) 405-2203
  • Fax: (626) 449-5720
  • Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
  • URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
Processed by:
Brooke M. Black
Date Completed:
March 23, 1998
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1998 The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Abel Stearns Papers, Collection III,
Date (inclusive): 1817-1878
Date (bulk): (bulk 1825-1831)
Collection number: HM 57166-57209
Creator: Stearns, Abel
Extent: Number of containers: 1 box (44 cataloged items)
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Administrative Information:
The collection numbers 44 cataloged items, in one box. Twenty-nine of the items are in the Spanish language. The collection spans the period 1817 to 1878, with the bulk of the collection between 1825 and 1831.
Acquisition number: 1551.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Provenance

This collection was acquired from Dawson's Book Shop in January, 1991.

Access

Collection is open to qualified researches by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL. 

Publication Rights

In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Abel Stearns Papers, Collection III, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Access Points

Eayrs, George Washington. Co-author of articles of agreement with Abel Stearns,
Echeandía, José María de. Addressee for Abel Stearns, 1829, Aug. 20. HM 57200.
Peck, Sherman. Addressee for Abel Stearns, 1829, Oct. 17. HM 57201.
Eayrs, George Washington. Subject of certificate by William Stevenson, 1817,
Hudson's Bay Company. Subject in Abel Stearns letter to Sherman Peck, 1829,
Victoria, Manuel. Subject in Abel Stearns letter to Sherman Peck, 1829, Oct. 17.

Biographical Note

Abel Stearns (1798-1871) was a pioneer ranch owner and businessman of early California. Orphaned in 1810, he left Massachusetts and went to sea, making trips to China, the East Indies and Latin America. In the 1820s he began his career as a businessman dealing in shoes in Philadelphia. He left for Mexico in 1826 and eventually arrived in Monterey in 1829. In Monterey, while waiting for a land grant approval, he began his career in merchandising. He moved to Los Angeles in 1833 and joined the trading business with Juan Bandini, eventually marrying Bandini's daughter Arcadia. As well as being a businessman in Los Angeles, he held minor political offices and was a representative for the Los Angeles district at the state constitutional convention in 1849. In 1858 he was the wealthiest man in Los Angeles, owning several businesses and a large amount of land. Stearns took an active role in promoting the development of Los Angeles and San Pedro. He died in San Francisco in 1871.

Scope and Content

This collection, which is arranged alphabetically by author, is made up of correspondence and documents from Stearns' early years in California. The collection primarily deals with the history of Spanish California, as well as early commerce and trading in the region. It also contains a few items prior to Stearns' move to California, concerning his business on the East Coast. Also included in this collection is a letter to Robert S. Baker, second husband of Arcadia (Bandini) Stearns Baker, from Edward Fitzgerald Beale of the Department of the Interior.
Correspondence: The letters deal with personal and business matters, including Stearns' plan for obtaining land in Upper California and creating a colony for Americans. Included are letters from José María de Echeandía, Governor of California under Mexico, Friar Narciso Duran, Friar Luis Gil y Taboada, and several business partners, both Mexican and American.
Documents: These include bills of lading, contracts regarding a land grant with the official seals of Mexico on them, and several receipts for goods sold and purchased, including cost of merchandise. The collection also contains the constitution and articles of association for the Philadelphia Cordwainer's Company.

Container List

 

Abella, Ramón.

Scope and Content Note

2 letters to Abel Stearns, 1830. HM 57166-57167.
 

Cárdenas, José Ignacio de.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1830. HM 57168.
 

Clark, Ferdinand.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1822, May 9. Preceding the letter is an agreement signed by Clark and Peter Valdes. HM 57169.
 

Durán, Narciso.

Scope and Content Note

2 letters to Abel Stearns, 1829-1830. HM 57170-57171.
 

Echeandía, José María de.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1829, Oct. 22. HM 57172.
 

Elwell, Robert J.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1830, Apr. 14. HM 57173.
 

Escobar, Marcelino.

Scope and Content Note

1 receipt for amounts paid, 1830, Oct. 6. HM 57174.
 

Esténega, Tomás Eleuterio.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, post 1829 and pre 1847. HM 57175.
 

Fernández, Juan.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Ignacio Rodríguez, 1829, Feb. 21. HM 57176.
 

Forbes, Alexander.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1830, June 14. HM 57177.
 

Fortuny, Buenaventura.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1830, Dec. 25. HM 57178.
 

Gil y Taboada, Luis.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, name used in endorsement on cover sheet, Fr. Luis Gil Abella, is incorrect, 1831, Apr. 5. HM 57179.
 

Guerra y Noriega, José de la.

Scope and Content Note

1 receipt for amount received for passage on ship, 1829, May 23. HM 57180.
 

Hartnell, William Edward Petty.

Scope and Content Note

1 receipt for items purchased by "Mr. Hook," 1830, Oct. 8. HM 57181.
 

Martínez, Ignacio.

Scope and Content Note

3 letters to Abel Stearns, 1830-1831. HM 57182-57184.
 

Padrés, José María.

Scope and Content Note

2 letters to Abel Stearns, 1829-1831. Also "letters" wrapper. HM 57185-57186.
 

Peck, Sherman.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1828, Dec. 5. HM 57187.
 

Peralta, Antonio María.

Scope and Content Note

1 receipt for items purchased by Abel Stearns, 1830, Sept. 15. HM 57188.
 

Philadelphia Cordwainer's Company.

Scope and Content Note

Constitution and Articles of Association, [1825.] HM 57189.
 

Rodríguez, Francisco.

Scope and Content Note

1 document allowing Timothy Murphy to ship goods, post 1828 and pre 1853. HM 57190.
 

Rodríguez, Ignacio.

Scope and Content Note

3 letters to Abel Stearns, 1828-1829. Following is a letter by Laura Andino. HM 57191-57193.
 

Sanches, José.

Scope and Content Note

1 receipt for payment by Abel Stearns, 1830, Sep. 25. HM 57194.
 

Schurz, Carl.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Edward Fitzgerald Beale, 1878, Jan. 5. Following is a letter by Beale to Robert S. Baker, second husband of Arcadia (Bandini) Stearns Baker. HM 57195.
 

Scott, James.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1830, Apr. 28. HM 57196.
 

Stearns, Abel, 1798-1871, and George Washington Eayrs.

Scope and Content Note

1 document, articles of agreement pertaining to use of land grant, 1829, Feb. 10. Signed by Abel Stearns, George Washington Eayrs, Leocadio Ortega, Alexandro Guinchard and Amos S. Tomkins. HM 57197.
 

Stearns, Abel, 1798-1871, and George Washington Eayrs.

Scope and Content Note

1 document, articles of agreement to transfer land to Amos S. Tomkins, 1829, Feb. 10. Signed by Abel Stearns, George Washington Eayrs, Leocadio Ortega, Alexandro Guinchard and Amos S. Tomkins. HM 57198.
 

Stearns, Abel, 1798-1871, and George Washington Eayrs.

Scope and Content Note

1 document, articles of agreement to transfer land to Alexandro Guinchard, 1829, Feb. 11. Signed by Abel Stearns, George Washington Eayrs, Leocadio Ortega, Alexandro Guinchard and Amos S. Tomkins. HM 57199.
 

Stearns, Abel, 1798-1871.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to José María de Echeandía, 1829, Aug. 20. HM 57200.
 

Stearns, Abel, 1798-1871.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Sherman Peck, 1829, Oct. 17. HM 57201.
 

Stevenson, William.

Scope and Content Note

1 certificate verifying identity of George Washington Eayrs, 1817, June 16-21.Witnessed by Francis Tufts, Benjamin Homer, John D. Williams, Jonathan Hunewell, Henry Purket, Benjamin Lamb, William Parsons, and William Eayrs. HM 57202.
 

Suñol, Antonio.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1830, Sep. 2. HM 57203.
 

Taber, Thomas.

Scope and Content Note

2 letters to Abel Stearns, 1825. Preceding is bill of lading for shoe materials. HM 57204-57205.
 

Vallejo, Mariano Guadalupe.

Scope and Content Note

1 letter to Abel Stearns, 1831, July 4. HM 57206.
 

Viader, José.

Scope and Content Note

2 letters to Abel Stearns, 1830. HM 57207-57208.
 

Viader, José.

Scope and Content Note

1 receipt for goods purchased, 1830, Sep. 15-16. Two names listed: Capt. Moon and Peralta. HM 57209.

Indexing

 

Added Entries

 

Eayrs, George Washington.

Scope and Content Note

Co-author of articles of agreement with Abel Stearns, 1829, Feb. 10-11. HM 57197-57199.
 

Echeandía, José María de.

Scope and Content Note

Addressee for Abel Stearns, 1829, Aug. 20. HM 57200.
 

Peck, Sherman.

Scope and Content Note

Addressee for Abel Stearns, 1829, Oct. 17. HM 57201.
 

Subjects

 

Eayrs, George Washington.

Scope and Content Note

Subject of certificate by William Stevenson, 1817, June 16-21. HM 57202.
 

Hudson's Bay Company.

Scope and Content Note

Subject in Abel Stearns letter to Sherman Peck, 1829, Oct. 17. HM 57201.
 

Victoria, Manuel.

Scope and Content Note

Subject in Abel Stearns letter to Sherman Peck, 1829, Oct. 17. HM 57201.