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INVENTORY OF THE ASIAN PACIFIC STUDIES COLLECTION, 1920-1993
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administration Information
  • History
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: The Asian Pacific Studies Collection
    Dates: 1920-1993
    Collection Number: Consult repository.
    Collector: Hata, Donald Teruo, 1934-
    Extent: 18 boxes 12 linear ft
    Repository: California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
    Archives & Special Collection
    University Library, Room G-145
    1000 E. Victoria Street
    Carson, California 90747
    Phone: (310) 243-3013
    URL: http://archives.csudh.edu/
    Abstract: The focus of the Asian Pacific Studies Collection is Japanese American evacuation and internment during World War II. This includes photographs, posters, newspapers, class reports, syllabi, and other materials about Japanese-American life in Los Angeles before World War II, evacuation, internment, and life following release from the camps. Materials were collected by a professor of history at CSUDH.
    Language: Collection material is in English

    Administration Information

    Access

    There are no access restrictions on this collection.

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    [Title of item], The Asian Pacific Studies Collection, Courtesy of the Department of Archives and Special Collections. University Library. California State University, Dominguez Hills

    Acquisition Information

    The materials were donated to the University Archives by Dr. Donald Teruo Hata, Professor of History at California State University Dominguez Hills.

    Processing Information

    The collection was processed during the Fall of 1998 by Traci Liley. Re-processing completed in 2006.

    Project Information

    This finding aid was created as part of Early Los Angeles/Rancho San Pedro Manuscript Cataloging Project, a CSU Dominguez Hills Library project funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The project started in 2005. Project Director was Greg Williams. Project Archivists were Thomas Philo and Jennifer Allan Goldman.

    History

    The history of the Japanese in the United States began with Commodore Perry's gunboat diplomacy policy in 1868. The first small numbers of Japanese came to the West Coast in 1869. Larger groups did not begin arriving on the West Coast until after the Exclusion Act of 1882, which completely stopped the immigration of Chinese laborers. The Japanese workers were brought in as replacements to work on the railroads and mines. With the California Alien Land Laws of 1913 and 1924, all Asian immigrants were ineligible for citizenship and could not legally own or lease land. By 1925, twelve other states enacted similar legislation.
    Even with the restrictions imposed upon them, many Japanese communities continued to thrive. After Japanese planes bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in December 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed Japanese, German, and Italian citizens residing on American soil to be "alien enemies" (Presidential Proclamations 2525, 2526, and 2527). On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order #9066, formally authorizing the Secretary of War to prescribe "military areas" from which alien enemies would be excluded and to provide "transportation, food, shelter, and other accommodations" for excluded residents of these areas. With this Order, the Japanese were forced to evacuate the West Coast. A few simply moved eastward with friends or family. The majority, citizens and aliens alike, were moved to "assembly centers," which were built in Merced, Portland, Pinedale, Fresno, Sacramento, and at the Santa Anita racetrack. From these centers, evacuees were transferred to government-run internment camps. There were ten main internment camps: Amache, Gila River, Poston, Manzanar, Topaz, Heart Mountain, Minidoka, Tule Lake, Jerome, and Rohwer. There were also smaller more restrictive camps designed for evacuees considered dangerous. Most German and Italian "alien enemies" were not subject to this order, though those deemed security risks were moved to internment camps.
    The majority of the people confined to the camps stayed for the duration of the war. During 1944, some were allowed special passes to take jobs anywhere except in the restricted zones of the West Coast. For the most part, the residents of the camps tried to live as normally as possible. Many were employed at camp businesses, played on sports teams, and went to camp schools. Some of the young men born in the United States joined the 442nd Regimental Battalion, the most decorated unit in the history of the United States. In January 1945, the exclusion order was rescinded and internees were allowed to return to the exclusion area. The last camp was closed in 1948. The United States government, through the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, formally apologized to the survivors of the internment camps and began to provide reparation checks of $20,000 to each survivor. In 1992, the camp at Manzanar was designated a National Historic Site and is currently open to the public.

    Scope and Content

    The collection contains newsletters, statements, speeches, articles, camp directories, newspapers, magazines, personal documents, photographs and artifacts. The material was accumulated by Dr. Hata for research projects and publications. The majority of the material is focused on the evacuation and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. However, there are also photographs of the Chinese in Los Angeles in the 1880's and Japanese in Los Angeles at the turn of the century. The materials were stored in boxes in Dr. Hata's office and home. Most of the materials were in very good condition. All metal binders were removed. The materials were not in any specific order. The Okine materials were found in an abandoned farm house on the east part of CSUDH. They were very disorganized and not well kept. All published materials are mostly in chronological order. Photographs have been grouped by subject and dates. Miscellaneous photographs were added at the end because the subject could not be ascertained or did not fit within an existing group.

    Arrangement

    Arranged in six series:
    • Series I: Internment Camp Newsletters (1942-1945)
    • Series II: Published Materials (1920-1993)
    • Series III: Nihongo (Japanese Language) Syllabi (1943-1944)
    • Series IV: Okine Materials (1944-1958)
    • Series V: Photographs and Posters (1880s-1986)
    • Series VI: Artifacts (circa 1942)
    • Series V. Books
    • Series VI. Videos

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects

    Central Utah Relocation Center
    Heart Mountain Relocation Center (Wyo.)
    Japanese Americans
    Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
    Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945 -- Caricatures and cartoons.
    Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945 -- Newspapers
    Japanese American families
    Japanese American farmers -- California.
    Japanese American newspapers
    Manzanar War Relocation Center

    Personal Names

    Hata, Donald Teruo, 1934-

    Geographic Areas

    Manzanar (Calif.)

    Related Material

    Mochizuki Collection