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Register of the T. V. (Tzu-wen) Soong Papers
73004  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note
  • Scope and Content Note for the Incremental Materials
  • List of Folders Containing Declassified Documents Refiled in January 2005
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: T. V. (Tzu-wen) Soong papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1920-1960
    Collection number: 73004
    Creator: Soong, T. V. (Tzu-wen), 1894-1971
    Collection Size: 63 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 2 envelopes, 3 album boxes, 2 microfilm reels, memorabilia (33 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Correspondence, speeches and writings, memoranda, reports, and photographs, relating to political and economic conditions in China during the 1930s and 1940s; Chinese foreign relations, especially with the United States; events in China during World War II; and wartime Chinese diplomacy, especially regarding Sino-American relations.
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: English, and Chinese.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Microfilm use only.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], T. V. (Tzu-wen) Soong papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Alternate form Available

    Available on microfilm (80 reels).

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1973.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired.

    Biographical Note

    1894, December 4 born, Shanghai, China
    1915 B.A., Harvard University

    Note

    T.V. Soong also received two honorary doctorates, from Columbia University and Yale University.
    1915-1917 Graduate studies, Columbia University, New York
    1917-1923 Secretary, Han-yeh-p'ing iron and coal complex, China (Hanyang steel mill, Tayeh iron mines, P'inghsiang coal mines). Also involved in trade and banking circles, Shanghai
    1923 Manager, Salt Administration in Kwangtung and Kwangsi provinces
    1924 Manager, Central Bank, Canton
      Member, Committee for Food Control
    1925 Minister of Finance, National Government, Canton
    1926 Member, Central Executive Committee
      Minister of Commerce
      Member, National Government (State) Council
    1927 Minister of Finance, Wuhan Government
      Member, Standing Committee, Government Council
      Member, Military Council
      Member, Kuomintang Political Council
    1928 Minister of Finance, Nanking government
      Governor, Central Bank of China, Shanghai
    1932-1933 Acting President, Executive Yuan, Nanking
    1933 Head of Chinese Delegation to the World Economic Conference, London
      Resigned government posts, except for National Economic Council
    1934 Founder, China Development Finance Corporation
    1938 Acting Chairman, National Aeronautical Affairs Commission
    1940-1942 Personal representative of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Washington, D.C.
    1942-1945 Minister of Foreign Affairs
    1944 Acting President, Executive Yuan
    1945 Head of Chinese Delegation, United Nations Conference, San Francisco
      Elected as one of four chairman of United Nations Conference
    1945-1947 President, Executive Yuan
    1947-1949 Governor, Kwangtung Province
    1949-1950 President, Bank of China, Taiwan
    1971 died, San Francisco, Interred, New York

    Scope and Content Note

    The Hoover Institution acquired fifty-eight boxes of T. V. Soong papers from the Soong family in the 1970s. Of this material, thirty-nine boxes have been available for research since their acquisition. The other nineteen boxes were closed by the family during the lifetime of Madame Chiang Kai-shek, who passed away on October 23, 2003. This finding aid describes the papers in these fifty-eight boxes (re-housed into fifty seven boxes for preservation in 2012).
    In 2004 the family donated additional Soong papers, which are described below as Incremental Materials. On April 26, 2004, the nineteen boxes of papers closed by the family since the 1970s and all of the papers acquired in 2004 were opened for research.
    The family could not authorize the release of security-classified government documents, which were present in both the original acquisition and the 2004 addition. The vast majority of these, including all classified documents in the original acquisition, were declassified by the U.S. government and opened in summer 2004. In January 2005 the declassified documents were returned to their original folders; a list of these folders follows this note.
    While the arrangement of folders and papers remains unchanged since the 1970s, the fifty-eight boxes in the original acquisition were renumbered in April 2004 and revisd in August 2012. Originally organized as Schedule A, boxes 1-40, and Schedule B, boxes 1-18, the schedules were eliminated and the boxes numbered sequentially from 1 to 57. A box conversion chart is available upon request.
    As a standard archival preservation procedure, use copies have been substituted for original documents in some cases. All information contained in the original documents is open and available in the use copies. Upon request, the original documents may be viewed under direct supervision by archives staff.

    Scope and Content Note for the Incremental Materials

    Increments in the T. V. Soong collection were acquired in 2004 and 2006 when the Soong family descendents augmented the existing T. V. Soong collection at the Hoover Institution Archives.
    These incremental materials describe such turning points as the abduction of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in 1936 (the Xi'an incident), the dismissal of General Joseph Stilwell, and the framing of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of 1945. A major component of the collection includes T. V. Soong's notes, memoranda, confidential telegrams, financial records, and correspondence with Chiang Kai-shek and other government officials in China's wartime government. It also includes personal correspondence exchanged between members of the Soong family, including T. A. Soong, Soong Ai-ling (Madame H. H. K'ung), Soong Ching-ling (Madame Sun Yat-sen) and Soong Mei-ling (Madame Chiang Kai-shek). Selected telegrams in the T. V. Soong papers were transcribed and translated from Chinese to English and published in a bilingual edition as Song Ziwen yu wai guo ren shi wang lai han dian gao = T. V. Soong: Important Wartime Correspondences (1940-1942), Hsiao-ting Lin and Wu Jingping, editors (Shanghai: Fudan University Press, 2009). This publication is available in the Hoover Archives reading room.
    The arrangement of this material has been closely maintained as it was received from the donors in 2004 and 2006. In some cases, as a standard archival preservation procedure, use copies have been substituted for original documents. All information contained in the original documents is open and available in the use copies. Upon request, the original documents, which comprise the Restricted Material series, may be viewed under direct supervision by archives staff. This series includes all restricted originals from boxes 1 to 64.
    The family could not authorize the release of security-classified government documents, which were present in both the original acquisition and the 2004 addition. The vast majority of these were declassified by the U.S. government and opened in summer 2004. In January 2005 the declassified documents were returned to their original folders. A list of folders containing declassified documents re-filed in January 2005 is available.

    List of Folders Containing Declassified Documents Refiled in January 2005

    • CORRESPONDENCE
    • Box 4, folders 14 and 23
    • Box 5, folder 2
    • Box 6, folder 38
    • Box 7, folders 1 and 10
    • Box 9, folder 27
    • Box 10, folder 14
    • OFFICE FILE
    • Box 12, folder 2
    • Box 16, folder 4
    • Box 18, folder 6
    • Box 19, folder 7
    • SUBJECT FILE
    • Box 20, folder 12
    • Box 21, folder 4
    • Box 22, folder 3
    • Box 24, folders 2 and 3
    • Box 26, folder 7
    • Box 27, folders 2, 4, 7 and 13
    • Box 28, folders 13 and 14
    • Box 29, folder 6, 8 and 14
    • Box 30, folder 3
    • Box 31, folders 1, 10 and 13
    • Box 34, folders 2 and 3
    • FORMERLY CLOSED MATERIAL
    • Boxes 36 to 39
    • INCREMENTAL MATERIALS
    • Box 61, folder 14
    • Box 62, folder 3
    • Box 62, folder 4
    • Box 62, folder 5
    • Box 62, folder 6
    • Box 62, folder 8
    • Box 62, folder 11
    • Box 62, folder 16
    • Box 62, folder 17
    • Box 62, folder 22
    • Box 63, folder 1
    • Box 63, folder 24
    • Box 63, folder 31
    • Box 64, folder 1
    • Box 64, folder 2
    • Box 64, folder 3
    • Box 64, folder 5
    • Box 64, folder 8
    • Box 64, folder 14
    • Box 64, folder 15
    • Box 64, folder 24

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975.
    Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
    Reconstruction (1939-1951)--China.
    World War, 1939-1945.
    World War, 1939-1945--China.
    World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history.
    China.
    China--Economic conditions--1912-1949.
    China--Foreign relations--United States.
    China--History--Republic, 1912-1949.
    China--Politics and government--1912-1949.
    United States--Foreign relations.
    United States--Foreign relations--China.
    China--Foreign relations.

    Occupations

    Statesmen--China.